The Philadelphia Inquirer from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on February 14, 1897 · Page 26
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The Philadelphia Inquirer from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania · Page 26

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t 26 THE PHILADELPHIA INQUIRER S tlSTBAY MOENING, FEBEUARY 14, 1897. mum IGNS of long life are many," said Dr. Parks, the lamous phrenologist, "and easy to read. I - iU give you some f the plainest of them, avoiding technical expressions. Let us begin with the head, which should be square or round and wide behind and over the ears. All wide-headed animals have more vital force, more aggressive qualities, than those with narrow heads. Take a bulldog or a cat, see how wide their heads are and think what hard knocks they will endure, while- a rabbit for instance would topple over and die with one-half the hard treatment. People with long, narrow heads seldom- live to a ripe old age, and, in all my observations of men and women,' I have never found one such person who reached the century mark, while very few ever get near it. "Then take the signs of the face, what the features tell us about the probable length of life. The eyes should be round and wide, not oblong and narrow, for such eyes denote degeneracy and weakness. The brow should be ample and slope back slightly from an- absolute perpendicular. Rev. Charles Collier has an almost perfect III I I WW. If P-'- ft rW.. of Franklin, Showing Perfect Development of Brain brow, so has Joseph Choate, but the brow of Edgar- .Allen Poe is too straight up and down and -too massive, showing that the brain system overbalances the other systems of the body, and for long life, there must be An equipoise among these systems. T:?e mouth should be mil and well set,' a small mouth is a bad sign, and the chin should be square and firm. This last is important, as showing that the proper balance exists between the intellectual and the animal functions. Take Foe's case again, the lower face is weak, showing weakness in the digestive and assimilative systems, in the animal1 part of him. The. face of Robert Louis Stevenson shows the same defect, and so does the face of Hall Caine; In "such men " the' -brain overrides the body, burns-" :.out. the body, and the probability of, a long life is exceedingly small. "And now we come --to . the nose, which gives the most important indication as to the person's breathing capacity and thoracic equipment. A man or woman with a nose that is wide and full through its whole length and has open, easily dilating nostrils probably has good lungs and a good heart and will get far more out of life and live longer than a person whose nose is pinched and whose nostrils are narrow. I should say that proper breathing is one of the chief essentials to proper living, and if people would form the habit, especially while out of doors, of taking deep, full breaths through the nostrils and holding the breath for a few seconds before expelling it, they would add many years to their lives. This is a simple thing to do, and once the habit Is formed it proves a source of perpetual delight. I am sorry to say, however, that not one person in fifty breathes properly. And yet. without a splendid breathing apparatus, I doubt if the highest greatness -can be achieved. Think of Gladstone, Bismarck, Daniel Webster and many other of the world's intellectual giants, they all have big lungs and strong noses. And their chances of long life are great in proportion. WHAT THE HAND REVEALS. "And when it comes to the hand, the signs are equally clear. In no part of the body dees a person offer such a revelation of himself as in the hand. Here are betrayed at once the infirmities and weaknesses of either sex and also the strong points. The long, slender hand is considered beautiful, but It indicates a degeneration from strength, and its owner is not apt to reach an advanced age. Narrow-headed people usually have narrow hands. The hand that gives promise of a long life is the one with a square, broad palm, with large joints and short fingers, one like this," and Mr. O : for it is not sufficient to observe the life-line alone in concluding as to the term of a person's years. If the life line is good in color and unbroken through a good length, that is a favorable sign, but for any valuable con clusion the life-line must be read in connection with the other lines of the: hand." i Another characteristic of long "lived persons is the presence of large bones, and it is Mr. Park's opinion that, other things being equal, a man or woman having a heavy, osseous frame, a body like that of Abraham Lincoln, will live longer and accomplish better things than a person with small bones. THE ASTROLOGER'S METHOD. Having gained the above knowledge about longevity from the teachings of phrenology and palmistry, I pursued my investigation by calling upon the famous astrologer, "Azrael," whose name in private life is Frank Norton, of New York, and whose scholarly attainments and unquestioned integrity give authority to whatever he may say. "I am convinced," said Azrael, "by ! my studies, reflection and personal experience that in every accurate horoscope the appointed time of death is shown. This is a logical conclusion, growing out of the fact that every such horoscope declares not only the general tenor of life, the conditions governing health and disease, and the person's character and temperament, but shows also the actual periods of sickness, bereavement and ordinary misfortunes, and makes positive statements concerning every chief incident and vicissitude in the person's existence.All this I have proved by my own work in a thousand instances, and other astrologers have proved the same. A notable case among moderns where death has been predicted, was that of Charles Dryden, whose father, John Dryden, the poet, cast his son's horoscope at birth. He predicted that the boy would be three times in danger of losing his life, and at the third time would be killed, all of which came to pass, and is so set down in John Dryden's biographies. I myself have predicted death in the case of two infants, and in both cases it occurred within the specified time, and in one of these on the exact day. "In a general way It may be stated that those persons have the best chance of a long life, there being no adverse planetary conditions, who are born with Leo, Libra, Aries, Sagittarius, or Scorpio rising at the hour of birth. The spring months for birth are more favorable to long life than any other month, and the hours before noon arp better than those after noon. All this however, is somewhat indefinite, . for many other influences must be considered, especially the astrological values of the planets. Herschel, Saturn and Mars are Malefics.especially when evilly aspected, or in square, conjunction, or opposition with regard to each other, or the remaining planets. Saturn and Mars when thus aspected are considered deadly in their relation to human existence, the first named usually acting through chronic complaints, the Hand of Wait Whitman, Showing Bluntness and Firmness of Character second more suddenly and violently. And the conjunction or opposition of the sun and moon may be said to pres-sage a short life, if either occur exactly at the hour of birth. Of course, it is . understood that to have his horoscope cast properly a person must give the astrologer not only the exact day and year of birth, but the exact hour of the day. A miscalculation of a single hour might change the entire character of the horoscope. "Many authors have written on methods of calculating the date" of death, especially in the case of infants, but they differ widely among themselves. One generally accepted rule is that no one dies unless the sun or moon are afflicted by an evil aspect of one of the maleflcs, Mars, Saturn, Herschel or Neptune, or by the moon; and this I have found to hold good. In the case of Herschel evilly aspected in a horoscope I have found it to cause morbid fears as a part of the temperament, and it is believed to give a suicidal tendency. It is a curious fact that even the beneficent planet Jupiter, afflicting the sun, invariably indicates corrupted blood and a predisposition to apoplexy." One of the most interesting opinions that I obtained in regard to the chances of long life came from Nicola Tes-la, the inventor and electrician, who thinks that sleep has much to do with the matter. OOKJNG upon the face of the man whom all the world now knows as "Butcher" Weyler, the first thought is one of admiration. It is a handsome face to glance upon, a calm, Ktiiutmanly face. In some lights it has all the characteristics- of the face of the Christ. It is far from the ferocious type expected ef a man entitled "Butcher" in these days of moderation. The Weyler face is a peculiar one. It has not one redeeming feature, yet eddly enough the weak features are so situated in relation to one another that they appear strong. They are all poor, but they are proportionately poor; and at first inspection you cannot pear In the face of "Butcher" Weyler. His chin, to begin with, is the typical hard chin. It is cleft in the middle, the upper and lower clefts being of the same size. This means obstinacy and absolute unbendingness. A chin like this is an "inevitable" chin. The owner may be ever so gracious in manner; ever so pleasant to meet, but he will be hard to know, having no sense other than justice! "You did so and so. I will do thus and thus." That is the only line of reasoning possible for the double cleft chin. Beecher's thin-lipped drooping mouth is fully exemplified in the mouth of Butcher Weyler. Moreover, it is small, and that is an additional sign of In a determined face, like the face of Weyler, a moderate-sized nose is characterless. It Is without push or force. It has no principle. A big-nosed man will have his own way of doing things. A man with a little straight nose will follow the lead of those whom he serves without principle and without thought. The worst trait in this face which is full of faulty features without being conspicuously bad in any, is the eye. "Butcher" Weylers eyes are small, rather deep-set and unflinching. They are eyes that can contain a deal of cunning. They can half close and not show themselves. They are hypocritical eyes. Their slight brows tered the Cuban field In full command a. year ago he was unknown. His reputation up to that time had been a local one, that of a devoted servant to the crown. In the first three watks of his rule he began to show the stuff that was in him. His initial act or unusual "warfare" was the shooting of the prisoners in Morro Castie. They were expensive to keep and troublesome to have on hand. That cruel, thin-lipped mouth ordered them out to be s'hot in chains. The equivocal forehead got him into the next trouble. He promised our Consul that he would release all American prisoners at a certain time. He failed to do so. Moreover, he began TORTURIMG WOEIJ AnoCHILDRErt-1 BURNiriQ Of PLrMirATlOttS- Equivocal rORE.fi E AD " mi""'' , ill L IS- m it c iff WMMkm - Mm ' mml m mm miii mmm 11 I Mms - Tp Unprincipled Cruel houth mm- Shootimc Victims. Iji JAQRko .Castle Treatment Or U.S. Cmzcfis- TYPICAL DEEDS OF "BUTCHER" WEYLER AND THE FEATURES THAT PROMPTED THEM notice that the face lacks anything. Analyzed with the features stripped of their surroundings, robbed of eah other and left to stand alone, there could not be .a collection more pronounced in its badness. "Butcher'.' Weyler ' has his supporters. There are those who claim that a man set down in his position could not do otherwise. He must slaughter the women and children or the Queen Regent will slaughter him. He must destroy the plantations or the Cubans will surround Havana and starve him out the city out. He must fire upon the prisoners of war or they will rise some day and let the Cubans into the weakened city. He must maltreat American citizens or Americans, following the rush of popular sympathy, will enlist in countless numbers to help Cuba Libre. So much for the Weyler defense. Now for the personal features of the man whose cruel deeds have caused A NEW YEAR RESOLUTION ; ; ; y:,-. : . Farmer "Here, what are you doing at my chicken coop?" ! Erastus "I dun resolve not toe steal any mo' chickens dis yeah an I yus drapped in fo' to try de strength of my resolution, boss." Copyright. , Parks took down the mold of Walt Whitman's massive hand. "Here you see ruggedness, muscle and endurance, the signs of longevity. The finger nails are strong and spatulate and the flesh Is neither too hard nor too soft, thus showing a blending of mental and physical "activity. "As to the lines of the palm, little can be said that will serve the purpose of a person not Instructed in palmistry. "A man has been "given a certain term of life," said Mr. Tes'a. "so many hours to pass on this earth I. mean hours when he is alive, awake; I do not count the hours when he is sleeping; I do not believe they are. strictly speaking, included in his term of life. Gladstone is a great sleeper, and averages L twelve hours a day. Lean, believe. that a man who would learn to. sleep eighteen hours a day might live 200 years." him a reproach from Madrid, bloodthirsty though it is. Henry Ward Beecher once designed a combination of cruel features thus: A hard chin, a thin-lipped drooping mouth, small underset ears, a nose too small for the face, undersized, searching eyes and a forehead combin ing the high bump and the intellectual cruelty. A little, thin-lipped, hang-' ing mouth is the very . wor3t type of mouth according to all physi ognomists. If the lips are of the same thickness, upper and under, the mouth is one that will make its mark in the history of cruelty in the cruelest ages. Nero's mouth, as shown in his existing portraits, was a tiny, drooping affair, even-lipped as a lady's mouth, and almost arched in its downward curve. The nose is the next feature in the face which demands attention in an analysis of a man who has made the record of Weyler. The nose is of the type that is found upon men of a high record as clergymen. More often it is found upon persons of under positions. It is the yielding nose, a prin-cipleles9 nose, a nose without force. The nose Is a peculiar feature of any face. Napoleon, who was a judge of a man's features, said that "a man's nose is all right so long as it's big." Any big nose Is better than a small one, is the verdict of face-readers. A big nose is sure to do something. A little nose is quite sure to do nothing. do not shade them, and they peer from their heavy-lidded depths out into the world -.without concealment. In this face they are give-aways. Little ears laid flat to the head have, from the days of Socrates, been found untrustworthy. They are selfish and very thoughtless of any but their own comfort. A small-eared man . never gave away anything. A small-earfd man never thought of any skin except his own. A small-eared man hears only of himself. The forehead of the Weyler head is peculiar also. It has the deep thinking- depression combined with the high ambitious humps under the forelock. Let a man be gifted with these ambitious bumps and have at the same time a little nose, and he will be a man who will come down in history, like Richelieu as his worst critics depict him, characterless where positions of self-advancement are at stake. A forehead like that is erratic. It is changeable, untrustworthy, "lying," you might say, but the nose "is behind it all. When Aleriano Weyler y Nicolau en- a system of abuse that in a short time ridded Morro Castle quietly of the guests whom it dared not kill openly, thougn the equivocal forehead thought it no harm to violate an open promise in this way. The eyes are responsible for the shameful treatment of women and children now taking place daily as they are captured and brought to Havana. Those cunning eyes see that it serves as an awful warning to people, and they note with pleasure the ASHIONABLE garments for men will be cut, during the incoming season, more in harmony with the lines of the figure and more in accordance with the eternal fitness of things from the view points of art and fitness to occasion than for a long time; and will generally be made from plain or mixed fabrics, or from fabrics whose stripes, checks or plaids are so softly and harmoniously colored that though they are bright and lively in appearance, they are so neat and quiet in effect that nearly every man of good taste will admire them, even though he prefers plainer goods. Vests, however, will frequently be- made from fancy vestings, the weave, coloring and general effect' of which are so different from those of past seasons, that, like all new things, they will probably be ridiculed and caricatured for some little time; But as the new materials are rich and beautiful they are likely to. become popular before the end of the season. - There will be nothing extreme in the cut of any garment. Coats will be neither loose nor tight, will have shoulders of about natural width and will be of moderate length; vests will give to the body an apparent length that is in 'harmony with the full height, and trousers, though they will be wide enough for comfort and convenience, will have sufficient shape to indicat that nature gave curves to the legs of the wearer. Among the many artistic effects that will be conspicuous are the shoulders of coats, which will be built up to form a line of beauty from the side of the neck to the sleeve top; the roll of single-breasted coats, which will be wide, though the notch will be small; the liberal length of all collars; the tapering body effect of the double-breasted frock; the ample, small notch roll of the single-breasted vest, and the rakish effect of the peaked lapel roll of the double-breasted vest; and the naturalness with which trousers will fail over the instep without the aid of a noticeable bottom spring or the unsightly front hollow. Among the many garments which will be admirable for their fitness to some special purpose are the following: The double-breasted sack for business wear, every part and expression of which indicates comfort, convenience and utility, and the same garment so changed for wear at a summer resort or for lounging or for yachting or some other sport or pastime as not only to seem perfectly adapted to the purpose intended, but to be inappropriate to any other. The long-waisted, ' short-skirted cutaway frock, whioh has about it an unmistakably commercial air, or its still longer-waisted and shorter-skirted brother, with a wealth of flap, which as unmistakably suggests the race track. The " about equally length divided cutaway frock of dark material, neat of roll and tapering of skirt, which proclaims itself eminently genteel, but seems too small and unpretentious for any social function. The double-breasted frock, with its silk richness of roll, its amplitude, its long, graceful lines, its fulness of skirt and its general dignity, which proudly asserts its thorough fitness for every conventional requirement of society while the sun Is above the horizon. The sombre evening coat, or in the venacular. the "swallow tail," with its long graceful roll, Its never clashing fronts, its narrow, tapering skirts and its general aspect of high respectability, which asserts its exclusive right of sartorial entry to any occasion of ceremony after dark. And the' Tuxedo, that graceful, useful much misunderstood and abused sack, whose proper abiding place is the borderland between evening dress and aristocratic negligee, which sometimes usurps the place of "the swallow tail" and has recently conspired with the fancy vest and the boldly ornamented trousers to win for itself the right of existence Independent of any part of evening dress. It has frequently been prophesied during the past year that the. popularity of the bicycle and of golfing and other out-of-door games would soon revolutionize our, Ideas about day dress and popularize more negligee attire for that purposa than has ever been permissible. But we fail to see any sign of the fulfillment of this prophecy. On the contrary, the apparent tendency is to emphasize the distinction between dress and negligee costumes,. Those who consider it a social duty tp dress appropriately are more exacting in their demands on the tailor than ever before, and to be successful the tailor , must be able to make more distinct costumes than at any previous time.Sartorial Art Journal. Not On Her Lint. He was no sooner seated in the cozy parlor than she took the Initiative. "Since you proposed to me last week I have given the matter a great deal of thought, Mr. Chumpley." "Mr. Chumpley? Why, you've called me Bertie for ages." "That's neither here nor there. I have concluded that I must decline the great honor you have proferred me." "Ah! Certainly. But you must pardon me for not understanding Just what you refer to. I have so much to think of in a social way, you know." ; "But you must recall the last conversation you had with me." : "Deuced stupid of me, Mamie, but It has slipped my memory. Something about the horse show?" "Never mind. Mr. Chumpley. Don't Incur the risk of overtaxing your mind in trying to recall our little talk." "So sorry! But a fellow will forget some things. Must do - it, you know, if you're in the whirl. Can't you Just give me a hint?" "It is of no consequence at all, sir. I only have a vague recollection of tha conversation myself. But I'm not feeling well, Mr. Chumpley, and must aslc you to excuse me for the evening." "Too bad! And you look in brilliant health. Only temporary -indisposition, of course. But I'll not detain you. I'm going' straight home and cudgel my brain till I bring back that talk." "Do nothing of the kind. I never want to hear, of it again." When he was gone she acknowledged to herself that there was much more .to him than she had suspected and that he had decidedly given her the worst of their little sparring match. Chumpley walked down the street chuckling and congratulating himself. She always boasted gleefully of the men whom she had refused, but he had no fear that she would add him to the list, Detroit Free Press. Her Sphere. I admit that as yet woman Is not absolutely certain of her sphere," said the high-browed lady. "I thought as much," said the base man. "If she felt that it was really and. truly her own she wtiuld already have had It decorated with pink ribbons." Indianapolis Journal. RM. TMM SWEEP. THE ET: NEW street car has been patented by Hosea W. Lib-bey, of Boston. This car has certain improvements over the old cars. It gives, for one thing, a better accommodation for the motorman. But there are other points about the car which are so full of suggestion that a Tennessee man seeing it has combined a brush and sprinkler attachments,, until now it looks as though the plebeian and oft-despised street car would become the "chief stone of the corner" in the public works of the city. The new street car has in front a large revolving brush, which also serves as a cow-catcher or fender. It absolutely prevents the car from running over pedestrians who are crossing the streets. This brush is four feet in diameter ; and so arranged that it brushes away from the car instead of underneath it. A dog running in front of the car and striking the brush would be tossed in the air, caught again and swept onward without end, until the car could be stopped. As motor cars are warranted to come to a halt within ten feet after the brakes have been applied no great harm beyond the breaking of a limb could be done by this street tossing in front of the automatic brush. The brush, curling outward slightly, sweeps the debris to a place outside the car tracks and piles it in neat rows along the sides of the track. So In the rear of this ingenious car there is a sprinkler. This is filled with water, and can carry from twenty to 300 gallons. But, by a simple device the sprinkler is arranged so that only the lightest spray escapes. This is just sufficient to settle the dust which the brush in front ha3 raised. Yet it is not enough to annoy street pedestrians. When the car stops, by an automatic device, the sprinkler closes, and passengers alighting or getting into the car suffer no inconvenience. Theoretically the constant raising of dust in the streets and' the constant sprinkling would be an insufferable nuisance, one not to be tolerated in any busy town. Practically there is no such trouble, though. This Is hard to believe unless you have seen the models work. Running across a dusty back yard, on small, irregularly laid tracks, one miniature car following another in rapid succession, there is almost no dust perceptible, much less than in the ordinary process of street sweeping and brushing. The secret of the marvelous improvement in the air of the street, as caused by these brush-and-water cars, is this: The first car raises all the dust and sweeps it to one side, where the street cleaners gather it and cart It away. The sprinkler on the back of the car lays the superfluous dust. The other cars, as they whizz past, have little dust upon which to work. They simply keep the street clean as left by the others. The constant brushing1 J o OT the least interesting of the many results of Nansen's expedition are the records of meteorological observations that were continued almost uninterruptedly for the better part of three years, and which throw distinct light upon the climatic conditions of the far north. These show what had already been well suspected by scientists that, so far as a minimum temperature is concerned, the highest northern latitudes are more favorably situated than many regions lying full 15 degrees or 20 degrees (approximately 1000-1400 miles) further to the south. The lowest reading of Nansen's thermometer, registered on board the Fram, was 61.3 degrees F, or some 12-15 degrees higher than the minimum noted by the British Polar expedition of 1875-76, and 8 degrees above the minimum of Kane. The lowest winter temperature recorded by Mr. Peary was degrees F. In strange contrast to this in itself sufficiently severe temperature are the rigors of certain less-favored localities lying to the south. Thus, in the Kara sea, which lies between Nova Zembla and Siberia, and whose centre is approximately crossed by the 73d parallel of latitude, a temperature of G3 degrees is by no means uncommon, and the sea, partly from this cause, and partly from the fact that it is so largely choked with ice, has justly received the name of the "ice cellar" of Eurasia. At Yakutsk in Siberia, a well-known governmental post lying considerably southward, or outside of the Arctic circle, a temperature of from 70 degrees to 80 degrees below is reported almost annually: and at Verkhojansk, which is situated almost within the same broad region, but somewhat on the Polar side of the circle, there is a registry of 92 degrees for the month of January, 1894. Pro- deoression Let us see how these features ap- f essor Mohn, the distinguished Nor wegian scientist, asserts, moreover, that at the Russian station at the mouth of the Lena River, Siberia, the extraordinary low temperature of 94 degrees F has been recorded. That man should be able to endure one might say, almost with impunity, such excessive severity of climate is not a little remarkable, and It is the more surprising when it is considered in connection with his endurance of the opposite extreme, i. e., the highest summer temperature. We have as yet, perhaps, no absolutely reliable data for the highest sun temperature on the earth's surface, but it may be safely assumed to be in the neighborhood of or even beyond 150 degrees. It is claimed by Alexander von Humboldt that Ritchie observed near Mour-zouk, in northern Africa, a temperature (in a measure reflected from the desert sands) of 135 degrees In the shade, which is probably the highest that comes authoritatively from the records of travelers; if this is true, then there can be little doubt that the sun temperature was fully 15 degrees higher. With the two extremes before us, then, we have for the human subject a climatic resistance of at least 244 degrees, or 32 degrees more than is found in the range between zero and the boiling point of water. How much more than this man could endure, it is difficult to say, but, doubtless, many degrees could yet be added to either side of the thermometric scale without materially or necessarily affecting his system. His resistance to the temperature of furnace rooms, as is evidenced in the work of the stokers on board the transatlantic liners, is an indication of this, and yet more the remarkable experiments recently conducted by the eminent physicist Raoul Pictet upon his own person, when by artificial processes he subjected his body to a temperature of cine hundred and sixty-five degrees. j THE NEW STREET CAR THAT SWEEPS AND SPRINKLES THE STREETS, PROTECTS LIFE AND CARRIES PASSENGERS dragging of women through the streets. and children Decidedly Wrong. He "Do you think it wrong for a man to kiss a girl he is not engaged to?" She "1 think it would be wrong for him to be engaged to all the eirls he kisses." New York Journal. evenly does it work that a long, even ridge of street refuse lies along each side, while the tracks between the rails are clear and clean. The great advantage of this in street cleaning Is that the sweepers do not need to touch their brooms at any point between the rails, and, consequently, they neither have t(v look out for the street cars nor to delay them, for their work all Ues in a place of safety. keeps the little dust pushed aslde.wlth-out much disturbance, and the steady sprinkling keeps down the dust. That is the way it works. Small automatic appliances can be worked to stop the brush from revolving and to lift It slightly from the street if it should not be needed; and the same appliance works with the sprinkling apparatus, which can be shut off quickly.

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