The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on January 16, 1945 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Bakersfield, California
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Tuesday, January 16, 1945
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HUGE DRIVE FLANKS WARSAW * BRITISH ATTACK ABOVE AACHEN THE WEATHER Temperature High yenterday 48 Low today _..._ 42 Rainfall 24-Hour Total (Airport) T. Season (Airport) 2.45 Year ABO (Airport) 1.64 24-Hour Total (Land Company) .02 Season (Land Company) 3.01 Year Ago (Land Company) 2.41 Forecast Partly cloudy today and tonlsht With showers Wednesday. Chief Powers Wins State Police Post See Page 1. Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, TUESDAY, JANUARY 16, 1945 14 PAGES No. 145 Powers Gets Job in State Police Chief Accepts Post as State Law Enforcement Head Police Chief Robert B. Powers will leave his Bakersfield post to accept a gubernatorial appointment as California's first law enforcement co- prdinator, it was revealed Monday night when the City Council granted him a year's leave of absence to take the slate oflice. * Chief Powers will serve as state law enforcement co-ordiuator and as assistant to Vandyce Haiuren, director of the California State ^Var Council, it was revealed today. It wns understood the Bakersfield police chief would take office in Sacramento February 1 and that Governor Earl AVarren would make formal announcement of Powers' appointment to tlie~ ^6000-a-year .state oflice this afternoon. At the request of the police chief, the City Council unanimously voted to grant him a leave of absence from the Bakersfield police department from February 1 of this year to February 1, 1946. The motion was made 'by Councilman Manuel Carnakls and seconded by Councilman Harry Smith. Mayor Alfred Siemon was absent. . .No action was taken on appointment of an acting chief of police. On Advisory Committee Chief Powers has long been interested in .the problems of law enforcement co-ordination throughout the state. He has served for several months on a law enforcement advisory committee to the governor which has operated under the State War Council. The committee, made up of the chiefs of police of Los Angeles, San Francisco and other major cities, and the sheriffs and district attorneys of .key counties in the state, has been working on the problems of law en- Continued on Page Eight U C f* I I* T • I . S. Soldier Tried in London Court LONDON, Jan.ne. W)—Sitting In the dock of London's grim old Baily Law Court "as the first American soldier ever to face a capital charge, Karl Gustav Hulten of Boston, a 22-year-old paratrooper, today heard himself accused by his co-defendant of "cold-blooded murder." A statement attributed to Mrs., Elizabeth Marina Jones, 18-year-old strip-tease dancer'and co-defendant, was read: to the court in which she described the shooting of George Edward Health, a taxi driver known as "the man with cleft chin." Hulten pleaded innocent as the trial opened. "Not guilty ; ," -was the plea of Mrs. Jones, self-described as a "bad girl." Her husband was in the British Airborne Forces and is listed as missing in action. Index to Advertisers ~~ Page Abrams, Dr. R, F 6 Arvin Theater „....- 1 1 Ashe, Dr. Esther S Bakersfield Beauty College....'. Booth's Boynton Brothers.... s Brock's ............. . .. Brundage Pharmacy. „„ r?iti»}h> foundry. ,' Colonial Iifti. ...^ ......... Cornish Laboratories. — . Culliton, John W '......Dave's Shoe Shop .1 Eastern ........... „ 1 East Side Cleaners...:.-. Eggers t, „ federal , ....„„. .. . Flickinger-Digler — .«. Fox Theaters ........ Granada Theater..... — „ Haskell. Dr. Harold Ivers Furniture......— .. ._ T-*>rn«r Shops -,„.....„_...„„„,..,.„ lim, T. .". i.. McMahan's ', . ... .. ,_„___. Phillips Music Company....«__ Powers, Charles... . ,. Prather ft Prather Studios..™. Rlalto .Theater — , — _^.... — „ River Theater.....'._._^._. »^. Sunland Industries.™. Union Cemetery — ,~^~~^.3 Virginia Theater. w«fii'<* , - ,;r. ,, Wrestling .,.,^^.,;.,,,._.«™..^ ___.»—, ' i . 10 ... 6 ... 4 » 3 I'w .„!! ... 8 ...10 ™ 6 4 4, 6 _ 7 -13 ..41 ...11 ._ 2 _ 8 -.10 _. 7 _ 5 ™ « „.!! -_ll ™ S U ...11 -,11 APPOINTED — Chief of Police Robert B. Powers will leave his position here to become state Law Enforcement Co-ordinator under an appointment by Governor Earl Warren, it was revealed here last night. F. 0. R. CONFERS ON LABOR NEED NATIONAL SERVICE OUTLOOK DISCUSSED WASHINGTON, Jan. 1C. <UR)— President Roosevelt said today he probably would send to Congress Wednesday a message emphasizing the extreme need for some action on national service legislation. The necessity for such a iaw, the President told his news conference, is-extreme because - more-people are needed both in, the .oroduction phase of the war effort and in the army. He said he also would send with his message letters from General George C. Marshall, army chief of staff, and Admiral Ernest J. King, commander-in-chief of the United States fleet, urging enactment of a national service measure. Legal Author Pressed for details of his contemplated manpower recommendations, the President said they would follow the case he made out in his state of the Union message. He called then for legal authority to place people in positions where their efforts would be most effective in the war effort. Mr. Roosevelt's decision to- fight for national service, despite the cool attitude of Congress and the hostility of organized labor and the National Association »f Manufacturers, had been disclosed earlier. The President was considering sending a special message to Congress on the subject. In his annual message to Congress on-January 6 Mr. Roosevelt renewed last year's plea for universal service legislation, asserting that it was necessary to provide the arms to win the war. Subject of Hearings He also asked for "work or fight" legislation to make more effective use of 4-Fs. .: This is the subject of current hearings by the House military affairs committee, and also has run into considerable opposition. Only today, both the National Association of Manufacturers. and the Congress of Industrial Organizations went on record against the pending "work or fight" bill, as well as the more stringent national service plan. The White House conferees included General George C. Marshall, army chief of staff; Admiral Ernest J. King, commander-in-chief of the United States Fleet; Chairman filbert Thomas (D-Utah) of the Senate military affairs committee; Senator Warren R. Austin of Vermont, rank- continued on Face Four SENATOR MALONEY DIES MERIDEN, Conn.. Jan. 16. (UP.)— Senator Francis T. Maloney (D- Conn.), died today at Meriden Hospital where he had been a patient since New Year's Day, suffering from grippe and heart disease. Radom Nabbed Allies on in Red Smash Berlin Reports Loss of Schlossberg, Flee Under Russian Blows on 600-Mile Front LONDON, Jan. 16. (IP) —Soviet troops have captured the strung German bastion of Radom, 60 miles south of Warsaw, in their new breakthrough offensive, Premier Marshal Stalin announced tonight in a second order of the day. THREE ARGENTINE MINISTERS QUIT FARRELL WINS IN TEST OF RULER'S STRENGTH LONDON, Jan. 16. (U.E)—Moscow announced today that the First White Russian Army, joining the all-out Soviet winter offensive, had smashed westward from the Vistula up to 37 miles on a 75-mile front in a mighty onsurge flanking Warsaw to the south. Marshal Gregory K. Zhukov of the Soviet supreme command was revealed to be in command of the First While Russian Army, which charged westward across the Polish plains from two Vistula bridgeheads and in three days overran niore than 1300 towns and villages. Premier Josef Stalin announced the new offensive now beating at the gates of Radom, great transport center 50 miles south of Warsaw 'and 25 miles west of the Vistula, in a special order of the day. Zhukov's drive paralleled that immediately south of his offensive front by the First Ukrainian Army, in which Marshal Ivan S. Konev's forces were narrowing the 45-mile gap between them and the German frontier while threatening Krakow, the old Polish capital. ^-..Farther north,. Berlin acknowledged .the loss of the East Prussian fortress! of - Sclilpssberg, to a Russian offensive which Moscow hail not .yet reported, and said other S& viet armies had scored deep penetrations of the 'German positions- north of Warsaw and in the Narew riVer valley. The First Russian Anny offensive began. Sunday winder cover of a bombardment by hundreds ' of guns massed along the Vistula, Stalin's order revealed; That was two days after Konev's forces had attacked from the Sandomierg bridgehead. Troops Link "In three days of offensive battles, troops of this front, advancing from the two bridgeheads, linked up and advanced about 37 miles, having widened the breach to a front of 75 miles," Stalin reported. Among more than 1300 towns and villages captured were Bialobrzegi, 42 miles south of Warsaw; Warka, 30 south of Warsaw; Kozlenice, 50 south-southeast; Grojeo. 27 south- southeast; Zwollen, 65 south of the capital, and Jedllnsk, 51 south of Warsaw and 8 north of Hadom. Continued on Pace Two Largest Prisoner Exchange Slated BERN, Jan. 16. Of)—The largest exchange of prisoners in this war will begin tomorrow at Kruezlingen. Involved are about 9000 persons— SOOO German prisoners against 2500 wounded American, British and South Americans, plus 900 German civilians and an equal number of Americans in Germany. The exchange was arranged by the Swiss government. Swiss medical officials, the Swiss Red Cross, American and British representatives of the International Red Cross, representatives of the Y. M. C. A., and British and American military personnel will participate in the exchange. The Swiss government had made plans for American and British newspapermen in Switzerland to go to Kruezlingen But, at the request of the American and British legations, press representatives of the two countries were barred for reasons of "military security." Demos Seek to Hold Reins on Gov. Warren's Budget By ARCHIE WELLS SACRAMENTO, Jan. 16. Democratic forces in the Legislature came out with the major planks of their legislative program today; the Preston Industrial School .hearing committee was given a "go ahead" order by Chairman Edward O'Day and Governor Warren revealed the state's fixed charges have reached an all-time high of $484,500,000, thus forecasting a total budget in excess of $600,000,000. The -Democrats, Assembly Minor- ity'Leader Alfred Robertson, Santa Barbara, disclosed, decided at a caucus to support $60 a month pension for the -needy aged. This to • $10 above the amount fixed in a hill which has already passed the lower House by unanimous vote and: above the figure set by the last Legislature as a duration measure to offset war- tune living .costs. Further, the minority party decided, it will seek to exercise some control over Governor "Warren's spending program -for the next biennium by demanding a line budget. Under such a system, which was Instituted In some, degree by the economy bloc during the Olson administration, every minute expenditure must be itemized and the money set aside used for that purpose only. The governor, at a press conference countered with, the declaration that if there could be annual sessions of the • Legislature he would not be opposed to a line budget. He elaborated on the type of annual session he would-favor, differing from the plan voted down by the, electorate last November. He would retain the constitutional recess, limit the; off-year session to budget making and appropriations and retain, the regular •session as at present with both budget-making and general legislative perogatlves. CooUswd on FM* Two J f- BUENOS AIRES, Jan. 16. President Edelmlro Parrell, at the behest of War Minister Juan Peron, demanded and obtained the resignation today of Foreign Minister Orlando Peluffo in what appeared to be a test :of strength among Argentina's- army rulers. General Peluffoi who only a week ago was rebuffed'"i»y the Pan-American Union in attempting to win an international heading on, his country's wartime policies, said in a brief statement that Farrell requested him to step down, "not for reasons connected with my official.',;> functions . . . but because of my points of view regarding the government's recent orientation of domestic matters." Three other foreign ministry officials resigned with Peluffb. Nor is the foreign minister himself the only key figure who has fallen: In recent days. Three other army leaders are no longer at their government posts. All these changes are declared in many quarters to be leading up to a presidential election—with Colonel Peron, now vice-president as well as war minister, as a candidate. Hillman Blasts U. S. Isolationists LOS ANGELES, Jan. 16. (UR)— The United States must {prove we are truly a "united nation" to aid in laying the groundwork for a permanent peace, Sidney Hillman, head of the political action committee, declared last night a), a dinner in his honor. "A dubious world is still fearful of the power and influence of our isolationists, whom they hear preaching suspicion and distrust of our Allies in an attempt to undermine the very foundation of international co-operation," he told the 600 persons attending the dinner, sponsored by the Los Angeles division of the P. A. C. FLASHES NAZI GENERAL CAPTURED U. S. SEVENTH ARMY HEADQUARTERS, Jan. 16. OB—General Hans Lingner, commander of the Seventeenth SS Panzer Grenadier Division, has been captured by the United States Seventh Army, it was announced tonight. He is believed to be the first SS division commander captured on the western front. MORE NIP AIR BLOWS A. A. F. HEADQUARTERS, PACIFIC, Jan. 16. «)—Seventh Air Force Liberators, in far-flung operations Sunday, poured high explosives on Japanese bases at three points of a huge Pacflcl triangle as the Seventh joined the Philippines offensive, it was announced today. Liberators based at Palau, nearly 1200 miles from Manila, hit enemy areas In the Philippines, while Mariana-based Br24s continued their regular runs against Iwo Jima in the Volcano islands and Truk, by-passed stronghold in the Carolines. F. D. R. FAVORS BASEBALL WASHINGTON. Jan. 16. OF)-— President Roosevelt told hie news conference, today he favors the continuation of professional baseball so Jong as it doe* not rob the armed l services of needed manpower. •• NEW PRISON SITE ASKED SACRAMENTO, Jan. 16. (*>—A |1,000,000 appropriation for a new site and buildings to supplant the present woman's prison at Te- hachapl was asked today by Assemblywoman Niehouse, San Diego. Mrs. Ntohouse said it was reQuested by the board of trustees, which wants a change of site, as the. prison is "too isolated." Offensive Again Houffalize Captured by Yanks; Third Army Takes Six Villages By JAMES M. LONG PARIS, Jan. 16. OP)—General Eisenhower resumed his winter offensive today when troops of the British Second Army attacked near the Maas (Meuse) river north of Sittard, even as Americans captured Houffalize and reduced the Belgian bulge to a thin shadow of itself. The British Second Army struck above Aachen in the Dutch appendix exactly a mouth after Field Marshal Von Ruudstedt hnd attacked in Belgium, disrupting Eisenhower's pressure attacks aimed at the Ruhr and Saar arsenals. British infantry and, tanks struck after a rolling: artillery tMFVMfeMh the mists of dawn and a tprward officer laid the "greal aUaflksi*w;tefl well." Initial prwgriwa was jmtde against moderate opposition. K. A. P. planes flying Support • found the battle area so hazy they were unable to spot the foe or even see the battle. The British attack was centered between Maestricht and Maeseyck, 18 miles northwest of Aachen and 40 miles west of the great Rhincland arsenal of Dusseldorf. It was the first Allied seizure of the Initiative since the German breakthrough in the' Belgian Ardennes area December 16. > Moselle Village* Fall South of the bulge, Lieutenant- General George S. Patton's United States Third Army also was making offensive gestures before the Siegfried Line, capturing six German villages this week in the Moselle valley beyond Luxembourg. Borgr was the latest captured in an advance of 2 miles from Tettlingen, Continued on Putt Four British Casualties Total 1,043,554 LONDON, Jan. 16. W>—British Empire casualties from the start of the war in September, J.939, to last November 30 totaled 1,043,554, Prime Minister Churchill told Commons today. The United Kingdom suffered the heaviest casualties—635,107, Churchill said, listing dominion casualties as: Canada, 78,985; Australia, 84,861; India, 152,597; New Zealand, 34,115; South Africa, 28,943, and other colonies, 28,946. Of the total, 282,162 were killed, 386,374 were wounded, 294,438 were prisoners, and 80,580 were missing. The total does not include service personnel dying from natural causes, civilian casualties or losses of merchant seamen. Yanks Raid Neutral Territoryjiays Nips By United Pren Tokyo radio claimed that Macao, Portuguese-owned territory on the China coast, was bombed and strafed by United States carrier planes Tuesday. The unconfirmed enemy claim recorded by United Press in San Francisco said "the wanton attack was launched by United States Grumman carrier-borne planes." "Macao's harbor facilities and city quarters were relentlessly bombed and strafed resulting in heavy damage to property and a large number of casualties of citizens of the port city," the broadcast said. ; Man Tries Suicide by Fire on Ship LOS ANGELES, Jan. 16. OD—An alleged attempt at self-cremation has brought James William Stilwell, 35. maritime engineer, an 18-month prison sentence. - : He pleaded guilty In Federal Court yesterday to attempting to set fire to his ship last November' 10. Coast guardsmen declared ther saw him take the cap off a high-octane gasoline drum on the deck, spill the liquid over himself and the deck and reach for * match. Police quoted|8UtwelI u saying he was attempting suicide because of quarrel with bis wife. BOLD 3RD FLEET BLOWS HirCHINESE COAST Indo-China Raid Toll Boosted to 41 Ships Sunk, 28 Damaged By LIEF ERICKSON PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, PEARL HARBOR, Jan. 16. OP)—Swinging north from the Indo-China coast where they sank or damaged 09 ships, United States Third Fleet pilots bombed Hong Kong, Swatow and Amoy along 350 miles of China's coast Saturday for the llrst full-scale carrier raid of the war on these ports vital to Japan's lifeline. Admiral Chester W. Niniita gave no details in his communique yesterday of the bold China coast blow, which took the Americans in behind the big Japanese base of Formosa, bombed- anew at the same time. However, Nimitz disclosed that the venturesome Third Fleet pilots sank : 41 Japanese ships and damaged 28 in wiping out two convoys oft Indo- China on Thursday. His preliminary estimate of 25 ships .sunk and . 13 damaged had been reported Friday. The overall picture was that of an audacious American carrier force sweeping like a huge paint brush from Formosa, where more than 100 ships and 98 planes were destroyed or damaged January 8, down to Indo-China for the Thursday strikes and back to the China coast on Saturday. In the Tndo-Chlna sweep the American fliers destroyed 112 planes —77 were caught on the ground, so great was the surprise—and damaged about 50 others in their westernmost pentration of Japan's inner defenses. They also heavily pounded key facilities at Saigon and Camranh bay, excellent Indo-China ports in enemy hands. Oil refineries In the Saigon area, vital fuel source for Japan, were badly damaged. Fires were started In the Saigon navy yard. Oil storage facilities, warehouses and buildings in the Saigon area were set ablaze. A large dock at Camranh bay, one of Asia's best harbors, was demolished. Sixteen American planes were lost in the Indo-China raids—remarkably few for the results achieved in crippling an area from which the' Japanese likely would be able to bolster their slipping Philippine holdings. Convoy Wiped Out Two convoys were knocked out. One contained an oiler, 4 medium cargo ships, 2 destroyer escorts and 4 coastal cargo ships. All were sunk. The second convoy included a light cruiser, four destroyer escorts, four oilers, seven medium cargo ships, two small cargo ships and one coastal vessel. These were all sunk or beached. In Camranh bay, which Is some 150 miles north oC Saigon, a destroyer escort and a small freighter were sunk. At Cape St. Jacques, near Saigon, one tanker, three large cargo ships and a Hmall cargo vessel were sunk. In the Saigon area itself a large oiler, a big troop transport, two medium cargo ships and the dismantled French light cruiser, Lamotte Picquet, were sent to the bottom. Along the coast a, medium cargo vessel, an oiler and five small coastal ships were sunk. The 41 ships destroyed totaled about 127,000 tons; the 28 damaged amounted to about 70,000. BEFORE THE ASSAULT—Catholic mass, conducted by Chaplaiil Arthur P. Finan, was celebrated aboard: a transport aa America* invading forces neared the shores of Luzon. A short time later; these men joined the first waves of assault troops to secure initial American beachheads on Lingaycn gulf. » JAP LUZON RESISTANCE STIFFENS; YANKS 75 MILES FROM MANILA AMERICANS UNCHALLENGED IN RACE ACROSS PLAINS FOR MANILA; MEET FIGHT IN NORTH F. D. R. Inauguration Invitations Sent WASHINGTON, Jan. Iti. (ft— The White House announced today that invitations have gone out for President Roosevelt's inauguration ceremony this Saturday. The President estimates the ceremony scheduled for noon, will take no longer than 20 minutes, Secretary Stephen Early said. Official guests are expected to number no more than 5000. The ceremony will be broadcast over the nation and shortwaved abroad. It will be followed by a buffet luncheon at the White House. Churchill Reaffirms Allied Total Surrender Demand By W. R. HIGGINBOTIIAM LONDON, Jan. 16. CUE)—Prime Minister Churchill told Commons today that the Allies will fight on until Germany surrenders unconditionally, even if such a policy stiffens Nazi resistance and prolongs the war. Churchill reaffirmed the Allies' insistence on unconditional surrender in answer to persistent questions from Labor members at the reopening of Parliament after the Christmas recess. Answers Wheeler His reply came less than 24 hours after Senator Burton K. Wheeler (D-Mont.) charged 'in the United States Senate that unconditional surrender was a "brutal, asinine slogan" which was costing thousands of American lives, splitting Allied unity and threatening a third world war. Churchill also: 1. Endorsed President Roosevelt's views that the objectives of the Atlantic charter were as valid as they were In 1*41 though ell were not likely to be attained Immediately *nd the charter "Is not " GENERAL MaeARTIIUR'S HEADQUARTERS, LUZON, Jan. 16. OLE) American tanks, mobile guns and Infantry swept on unchecked and-ap» parently unchallenged across the great central Luzon plains less thai| 75 air miles north of Manila today. , ;'„.The biggest invasion of the Pacific war entered its second week with American spearheads nearly 35 air and 40 road miles Inland from'the Llngayeu gulf beachhead—almost • third of the way to Philippine* capital. ,i Stiff fighting was under way along the Rosarlo-Pozorrnbio line at the northeastern corner of th£ beachhead, but the unopposed*frontal advance already had carried to within nearly 30 miles of the great Clark Field air center and perhaps a dozen miles of the provincial capital of Tarlac. : Camilingr, 23 road miles Inland from LIngayen and 5 miles inside Tarlac province. feU Sunday to two converging columns which advanced 9 miles from Bayambang, to the northeast, and Mangatarem, to the northwest, and merged into a single powerful army aimed straight at Manila. Tarlac Capture Near Tarlac lies 32 road miles and IT air miles south of Camlling and may be engulfed by the advancing Americans within the next 24 hours, l{ it has not already fallen. For the first time since General Douglas Ma.cArthur's men began the march back to Manila from New Guinea, they are fighting under the conditions in which their mechanized equipment and great firepower can best be used. Most important bridges between the gulf and the front lines already have been repaired and there are long stretches of two-lane concrete and gravel roads over which thousands of American vehicles can oper» ate at speeds up to 50 miles an hour —another far cry from New Guinea- and Leyte. Airfields Strafed American bombers struck out ahead o* the advancing troops Friday and Saturday and heavily bombed and strafed both Tarlac and the Clark Field air center, as well a* airfields at Manila and farther south. Supply and bivouac area* were destroyed at Tarlac and large fires started. At the center of the beachhead. other American forces, advanced 4 miles from Catablan to Urdaneta. If miles southeast of Dagupan, alone the main highway runnina; east across the plains. '' > Units in the northwest corner ft the beachhead seized several hilltop positions In sharp flghUnc .wtUi Japanese forces and graduaHr WV* reducing enemy poaltlona with artillery and mortar fire. ;. KILLED .N CRASH SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 18. (UR)— Ensign D. J. Holleyman of Kilgore, Texas, was killed yesterday when his Corsair fighter plane crashed and burned after colliding in midair with another plane near Fallon, Nev., , the twelfth naval district reported ' today. The other plane landed safely. 2. Assured the House that Britain would continue to recognize the Polish exile government in London despite Russia's recognition of the rival provisional regime at Lublin. 3. Revealed that British casualties in Greece from December 3 to January 5 totaled 2101, including 237 dead, but put off ail questions on Greece until after he has made his statement and debate begins on the Greek situation Thursday. Joins With F. D. R. Churchill's remarks on the Atlantic Charter clearly shbwed that he had joined common cause with President Roosevelt in public expressions on the matter as an Important step in avoiding Anglo-American bickering and in presenting a more united front at the coming meeting of the Allied "Big Three." He also (ought to allay criticism of British policy in Greece with a. brief comment that he had "every reason to .believe that the present government is extremely democratic . . . composed entirely of republi- By AMociaua'PnM Tokumhicht Nomura, the Japanese House millionaire Osaka ' Sunday of a prototwed reported today, '. $'<«:#&$&.'

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