Arizona Daily Star from Tucson, Arizona on November 23, 1947 · Page 1
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Arizona Daily Star from Tucson, Arizona · Page 1

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Tucson, Arizona
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Sunday, November 23, 1947
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U. S. WEATHER BUREAU TUCSON AND VICINITY: Continued cool today and tonight. Tmperatur Yesterday: High 57 Low..... ...39 Year Ago: High 84 Low 41 An Independent NEWSpaper Printing the News Impartially VOL. 106 "MO "?97 In tared at mind-ela mattofc iVJ. OA I Phi Off lea. Tucson. Arizona TUCSON, ARIZONA, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 23, 1947 (SECTION A) SIXTY-TWO PAGES PRICE TEN CENTS A UVJ TO SOMETHING MAY SNAP IN EUROPE - DUE TO TENSION Revolutionary Situation Hastening America's Time for Decision By WILLIAM R. MATHEWS Something is going to bust within Europe, and within weeks. Something has to give way. The tension is growing too taut to last. As strikes and mob activity increase in both France and Italy, what the Communists call a "revolu tionary situation" is rapidly coming to a head in both countries. This definitely forecasts at least a brief period of civil war and a violent struggle for control of the governments in each country. A "revolutionary situation" is one where general economic and political conditions have degener ated to a point to assure success to a violent seizure of power, or where a change in government will be made by violence. Such conditions might be summarized as follows: Land of Confusion 1. The people are suffering from hunger, misery and hope lessness. Their money is nearly worthless, which Jack of supplies confirms. Strikes and or ganized mobs paralyze transpor tation, and the distribution of necessities. 2. The people lose confidence in their rulers and the apparent impotence of their government. Any kind of a change that promises relief from troubles appears better than what they have. 3. The rulers, or the govern ment, have lost confidence in themselves, and shrink from taking the extreme measures to restore law and order with its productivity and distribution of needs to sustain life. 4. Army and armed police forces, upon which rulers depend for support in order to maintain power over the rebellious masses, have become affected either by their own ineffectiveness, or lack of confidence in their rulers. 5. Presence of a strong disciplined party that knows what it wants, and is willing and competent to "take charge," wins the support of the armed forces which it uses to impose its will. Conditions Present Practically all of these conditions are present today in both France and Italy. Because of her general historical influence as well (Continued on Page 2-A, Col. 1) Stern Gang Given Battle Challenge JERUSALEM, Nov. 22. JPh-An Arab was killed and a second was wounded in Haifa tonight shortly after the clandestine Arab-organi zation Hariyeh (Freedom) chal lenged the Jewish underground Stern gang to a battle. Arab sources termed the challenge a "declaration of civil war." The two Arabs in Haifa were struck by automatic -weapon fire from a passing taxi in Allenby street in the downtown section of the city. Earlier one Arab was killed and one was wounded in separate shootings by "unknown persons" in Haifa. The body of an unidentified Arab girl, who had been shot in the head, also was found near the banks of the Ki-shon river. Issue Challenge Hariyeh recalling' that five Arabs were slain two days ago in an oragne grove near Raanana called on Stern Gang members to meet an Arab force in the groves there next week. The challenge, contained in posters appearing in Jerusalem, said in part: "Our code of honor does not permit us to massacre unprotected Jewish settlers of the Negeb (an area of southern Palestine). We oppose Zionism and partition but we cannot murder peaceful neigh bors, most of whom we believe are strongly opposed to the terrorists who murdered our friends and relatives at Raanana. "Our men will be waiting in the orange groves near Raanana next week. We will protect our people and we will welcome an attack by the cowardly band in order that we may revenge our brothers." Crowds Dispersed Police pulled down the posters and dispersed crowds which had gathered. Meanwhile, two members of the Arab higher executive, Sheik Has san Abous Saud and Raffik Tami-mi, met with Arab club groups in Jaffa, the largest all-Arab city in Palestine. Four Jews in a bus were wounded in a gun and bomb attack near Jaffa Thursday night a few hours after the five Arabs were killed in Raanana. The killing of the Arabs was believed to have been a Stern Gang reprisal, and police expressed concern over possible renewal of racial clashes. Marquette's Hilltoppers Topple Wildcats 39-21 i Two Players Carried From Field, Five Ousted In Rough, Bruising .Grid Battle; Arizona Failed to Overcome Early Handicap By ABE CHANIN Marquette's speed-burning Hilltoppers hung a thorough 39-21 licking on the Arizona Homecoming celebration for stadium. Once again Arizona tried to win on a second half rally after spotting its opponents 26 points. It worked Football Scores Arizona 21. Marquette 39. Tempe 7, West Texas 33. California 21, Stanford 18. UCLA 0, Southern California 6. Texas Tech 26, New Mexico 20. Washington 20, Washington State 0. Oregon State 6, Oregon 14. Colorado A & M 21, Wyoming 6. Tulsa 30, Detroit 20. Oklahoma Methodist 10, Bay-lor 0. Oklahoma 14, Nebraska 13. Kansas 20, Missouri 14. Alabama 41, Louisiana State 12. Georgia 27, Chattanooga 0. Tennessee 13, Kentucky 6. Maryland 20, Vanderbilt 6. Rice 7, Texas Christian 0. Penn State 29, Pittsburgh 0. Boston College 25, St. Mary's 7. Boston University 20, Colgate 14. Princeton 14, Dartmouth 12. Yale 31, Harvard 21. Columbip 28. Svracnse 8. Georgia Tech 51, Furman 0. North Carolina 21, Duke 0. Notre Dame 59, Tulane 6. Indiana 16, Purdue 14. Michigan 21, Ohio State 0. Minnesota 21, Wisconsin 0. Northwestern 28, Illinois 13. (Additional scores on Sports Page.) . . Randolph Answers Charges on Union . By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS . Publication schedules of newspa pers in Chicago and Detroit were nearly back to normal Saturday after editions in both cities were delayed because of a contract dispute . a m with the AFLi international iypu-graphical Union. Members of the Chicago typographical union have called a meeting for Sunday to discuss the breakdown in negotiations with the publishers and Woodruff Randolph, ITU president, arranged to visit Detroit Monday. Randolph, replying to allegations of the Chicago newspapers association that the union's "no contract" policy did not indicate it intended to bargain in good faith, said in a statement Saturday that the Chicago publishers "have not bargained in good faith." "You have not yet offered a com plete proposal of a contract or other means of settlement which can possibly be accepted," Randolph said. "You know full well you received a proposed contract from the union but constantly keep that fact out of your letters and telegrams," he added. University of Dr. McCormick Optimistic On Progress of Student Union Memorial Fund Homecoming at the University of Arizona brought" back more than 1,500 alumni, young and old, for a celebration extending over two days and reaching a climax in last night's football game. Students went overboard in their welcome with a display of color in decora tions and floats, and entertainment for the visitors. Speaking informally at the all- alumni luncheon yesterday in the navy dining hall on campus, J. F. McKale, director of athletics, told about 250 former students that their university would always be a leader in the state, with Its grad uates keeping it a great institution. President's Report University President J. Byron McCormick reported on the progress of the student union memorial fund, expressing a hope that returning alumni In two or three years could meet in the proposed new building. More than $310,000 has been contributed so far, he said, with $190,000 still to be col lected. Dr. McCormick stated that the committee for the fund drive, headed by W. Roy Wayland of Phoenix, was optimistic about its progress. Wayland and Lawson Smith, assistant chairman of the campaign, were present at the luncheon and attended a meeting in the afternoon with officers of the alumni association to discuss the memorial. Nugent, Udall Speak ' Other speakers were Dr. Robert L. Nugent, Arizona '23, vice-presi dent of the university, and Morris Udall, student body president. Special tables were set for thej Wildcats last night to spoil a over 14,500 fans in Varsity sta- before this season, but Marquette matched the Wildcats touchdown for touchdown in the second half. The game was bruising and rough with many penalties for un necessary roughness. Two Mar quette players were carried off the field on stretchers in addition to numerous other injuries. Five Players Ousted However, none were immediate- ly listed as serious. Officials also tossed out three Arizona players Ends Max Spilsbury and Bob Lar- sen and Tackle Harry Varner and a pair of Marquette players for extra-curricular activities that ai en i in me guuu uuun vi lwiuau rules. Freddy Enke played magnifi- cently for Arizona, but his pass-;f before the A1Iied control Jinf fiL1 "icouncilyesterday. paralleled nearly per backs. The Hilltoppers started quickly. Some four minutes after the opening kickoff 178-pound Bob Hester took a pitchout around his own left end and breezed 64 yards to paydirt Momentary Tie Arizona then went on an 82-yard march, paced by Enke and Charlie Hall, to tie up the game. But that was the extent of the Wildcats offensive in the first half. Marquette paraded right back up the field to score its second touchdown. Two pass interceptions set up the Hilltops other two scores Enke was rushed hard by the Marquette line in trying to pass. The half ended with Marquette leading, 26-7. A couple of weeks ago Arizona trailed Texas Tech, 27-7, at the half, rallied with great spirit, but ended up on the short end of a 41-28 score. And last week the Cats spotted Tempe a 7-6 lead at half time and then staged a winning comeback in the second half. But last night it was more like L'affaire Lubbock. Aided by Fumbles Marquette took advantage of a fumble 'as the second half opened to score quickly. Then Arizona bounced back with two touch down passes by Enke. One of the passes carried to the one-yard line from where Enke went over; the other was taken in the end zone. Marquette tucked away the game with a fourth quarter score on an 86-yard march. In chalking up their fourth win of the season against five defeats the Hilltops closed their 1947 season. Statistically Marquette trailed Arizona 15-17 in first downs. But on the ground Marquette collected 358 yards while Arizona could make only 187. In the air Arizona gained 166 yards to Marquette's 41. Pass Statistics The Hilltoppers only tried seven passes, completed two. With Enke doing most of the tossing, Arizona attempted 28 aerials, completing (Continued on Page 1-B, Col. 7) I Arizona Alumni Stage Two-Day Homecoming Fete Gamma Phi Beta's float, in review before part of the classes with reunion - celebrations: 1897, 1907, 1917, 1927, 1937 and 1942. One member of the class of 1897, Mrs. Clara Fish Roberts, was present. Mrs. Mercedes Shlbell Gould represented the class of 1895, the earliest listed. William F. Kimball, president of the alumni association, acting as toastmaster, introduced Ted and Dorothy Munro, authors of the uni versity alma mater song; visiting presidents of state colleges, Dr. Grady Gammage of Tempe and Dr. Lacey Eastburn of Flagstaff; and I members of the board of regents,. Pi Beta Phi tolc fir6t prize for SOVIET VERBAL ATTACK DANGER TO BIG-4 MEET 10,000-Word Diatribe Charges Promotion Of 'New War BERLIN, Nov. 22. () Soviet Marshal Vassily D. Sokolovsky denounced the western allies' occupation policies in Germany in a 10,' 000-word attack published to day, and charged " United States and British authorities with promoting "intensive propaganda for a new war." Promptly Gen. Lucius D. Clay, the American commander, described the charges of Russia's chief, in Germany as a "misrepresentation of known facts.' The bitter Soviet blast almost on the eve of the foreign ministers conference in London apparently foreshadowed, in the opinion of many observers, another fruitless four-power wrangle over the fate q liermanv Prelude to Failure Sokolovsky's accusations, made word for word the charges which he made just before the convening of the foreign ministers conference in Moscow last March. That conference ended in a deadlock which has remained unbroken. Official Allied quarters described the attack as signalling the opening of a new Russian propaganda drive, Speaking for nearly two hours. before the Allied control council yesterday, Sokolovsky accused the United States, Britain and France of violating the Potsdam and Yalta agreements and other accords on de-NazLfication, demili tarization and reparations. Iterates Old Charges He claimed American and Brit ish occupation authorities were maintaining German units and of ficers corps to build "strongpoints to support the Anglo-American campaign of imperialism in the center of Europe." Americans and Britons, he declared, were promot ing in their zones and In Berlin "an intensive propaganda for a new war" under the name of "a campaign against Communism." Clay, the American counterpart of Sokolovsky, told a news conference that the Soviet marshal's statement appeared "based on a misrepresentation of known facts." Asked if he considered this misrepresentation "wilfull," Clay replied: "I can only say that no request was made for any explanation of the facts." Lets Record "Speak Declaring he did not intend to increase "already strained relations" by engaging in recrimina-Uons just before the foreign ministers convene their meeting on Tuesday, Clay said: "I prefer to let the record speak for itself." He said all actions in the American and British zones of Germany were open for all to see and that repeated efforts to obtain similar information from the Russian zone had failed. The Soviet charges, Clay con tinued, contradict one another by (Continued on Page 4-A, Col. 2) one of the 39 entries in this year's contest held as part of the homecoming festivities, passes huge throng which gathered at the football game last night in the University stadium. women, and Sigma Alpha Epsilon for men, out of 32 campus residence decorations. In second place were Alpha Phi sorority and Sigma Nu fraternity. Women's honorable mention went to Kappa Alpha Theta, men's to Sigma Chi. Special mention was made by the judging committee for a house decoration at 1101 East Fifth street, home of two graduate students. Norma Betts and Lurline Gray. The house, not an official campus residence, was not entered in the competition. Delta Gamma Wins Out of 39 floats entered in the parade preceding the game, prizes Nation Faces Power Shortage as Demand Hits AU-Time High WASHINGTON', Nov. 22. ) The nation is consuming more electric power than during the height of the war effort, the situation is serious, and power shortages may be expected to last throughout 1948, the Federal Power Commission said today. It urged electric companies which anticipate or already have experienced supply difficulties to investigate all possibilities of relief through interconnection with other systems. "When war production in 1944 was keyed to its highest pitch the demand for power reached 39,400,000 kilowatts," the commission said in a statement. "Today it has reached 46,000,-000 kilowatts, an increase of 17 per cent over the wartime high. "The national situaUon with respect to the supply of electric power is serious, but the supply will be adequate to meet all essential needs if there is full cooperation on the part of electric companies, manufacturers, state commissions and consumers." AID TO EUROPE APPROVAL SEEN Relief Plan Acceptable To Senate; Domestic Program Opposed WASHINGTON, Nov. 22. ;P The senate appears ready to ap- Prove President Truman's pro- posal for stop-gap European relief next week but with the blunt notice that his domestic living cost and long range foreign recovery programs face lengthy and searching inquiries. Chairman Vandenberg (R-Mich) will take the floor Monday to urge approval of a $597,000,000 aid bill . the senate foreign relations committee said should be passed speedily to combat the "twin spec tres ot cold ana hunger accom panied by political chaos" in France, Italy and Austria. In approving the bill, the for eign relations committee said it did not find the total amount "excessive." Declaring that Italy, France and Austria must have aid to purchase food, fuel and other commodities "for the survival of their peoples and their economies during the coming winter," the committee said that the impact on tne domestic economy would be relatively slight. without pointing specifically to tne oDjective of preventing the spread of Communism in Europe, the committee said that events of the last week "have made abun dantly clear the need for 6peedy action Dy tne senate on this measure." "Riots in France and Italy and cabinet changes in France demon strate once again that there are forces actively at work which are using hunger and cold as a means of creating political disturbances and confusion. "If the governments of these countries can assure their people that they can supply food and shelter, such assurance will go a long way toward stabilizing and preserving the economic and po litical systems of western European states." went to four. Delta Gamma was adjudged best in the women's division with Alpha Phi second. Phi Delta Theta won in the men's division, second place going to Hop! Lodge. Homecoming began with registration Friday. An alumni buffet dinner was held at the Santa Rita hotel Friday night, and students celebrated with a rally and dance, with the crowning of homecoming queen Ruth Tackett Westover Main Speaker William Westover of Yuma, LL.B., 1918, was the main speaker at the traditional lawyers' luncheon Saturday noon. Dr. Chester H. i SCHUMAN GIVEN PREMIER REINS BY CLOSE VOTE Pledged to 'Act Quickly' To Save France Amidst Spreading Strikes PARIS, Nov. 22. (Rob ert Schuman, 61-year-old Lor raine lawyer of the moderate popular Republican party, won parliamentary approval of his designation as premier tonight in a pledge to act quickly against a strike movement that is crippling 1 Ian J Schuman, who has een finance minister since 1946 and who lived in hiding among resistance forces during the Ger - man occupation, won just two- thirds of all National Assembly vntea aft aw Ciollcf T t)i had failed by nine votes last night to get the green light to form a government Needing 309 votes, he received 312 from Socialists, Radical-Socialists, Popular Republicans and many rightists. Only the votes off 184 Communists opposed him. The ' or were among 21 deputies who abstained. Will Defend Public Schuman, appealing to the as-sambly for support, declared he would "defend the republic" and disUnguish between the legitimate demands of labor and "the synchronized enterprises of sedition throughout Europe." He said he expects to form a cabinet tonight to deal with the labor crisis. Under guidance of the Communist-dominated General Confedera tion of Labor, the number of strikers passed the 750,000 mark, and truckloads of mobile guards men armed with tommyguns moved into the city in preparation for any outbreak of disorder which some Frenchmen feared would come Monday. Arms Caches Pound A distinct uneasiness was felt in the capital as the population read in their newspapers of the discovery of four important clandestine arms deposits in the past two weeks, and learned that sabo-I teurs last night had cut telephone lines linking two forts in the outskirts of the city. A quart of concentrated tear gas was stolen from a Paris laboratory last night, police reported. Police also said that following an explosion at the strike-bound Renault automobile factory they had arrested two Communist workers on charges of manufacturing bombs there. The Socialist newspaper El Populaire declared, "In application of orders received in Warsaw and carrying out an orchestrated plan from Belgrade, the Communist party is preparing to pass to direct acuon. Transport'Crippled The nation's railroads and mer chant marine were partly tied up by the growing wave of strikes which now include metallurgical and building workers, coal mines, dock workers in southern France and school teachers in the Paris region and flour millers. Smith of the law faculty, and Ed ward Larkin, student bar association president, also addressed the group at the Santa Rita hoteL The last social event yesterday before the game was the alumni barbecue on the women's athletic field from 4:30 to 7 p.m. Melvin Goodson, executive secre tary of the alumni association; Florence Geary, president of Mor tar Board; and Jim Killen, presi dent of Bobcats; were in charge of ail plans. Killen was parade mar shal for the pre-game float proces sion. .Mane t rauenfelder and Christine Gillmore had charge of tne saturaay luncheon. Jury Holds Attorney General Conspired to Violate Gaming Law Co-Defendants Joined in Conviction on Two Counts of Collecting Money From R. W. Cassidy; Job Tenure Now in Doubt S AFFORD, Nov. 22. (JF) A Graham County Superior court jury tonight convicted Atty. Gen. John L. Sullivan and tiie iwjn o-flf onrl Qrvf rf rnncnirflcv in virtlafA nintm ! gambling laws. The verdict was returned just seven and a naif hours after the case had been placed in the hands of the jury. Each of the three was found guilty of the first two "! ., ., . . ,. . . , . ... . ! counts in the three-count indictment but each was acquitted jon the third count. Counts one and two charged the three with collecting $300 and $250 from R. W. Cassidy. Count ! !,..- V.oi-rrd uom xHU MMiin mn T,an (t frnm I (-"-" "-" ...v.. I -- JOHN SULLIVAN BIG-4 DEPUTIES END IN FAILURE Preparations for Plenary Meeting Wind up in Disagreements LONDON, Nov. 22. WV-The four-power foreign ministers deputies ended their 13th session on preparations for the Big-Four meeting in complete disagreement tonight. It was uncertain whether they would meet again before the for eign ministers councu assembles Tuesday. One American informant described the 3 ',4 -hour session to day as "an all-Ume low" in the series of preliminary conferences which began November 6. Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov was expected to arrive tomorrow from Moscow for the main conference on Germany and Aus tria. French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault, assuming he sur vives the French political crisis, will probably come on Monday. Degree for Marshall Secretary of State George C Marshall arrived by plane yester day, and received an honorary doc tor s degree from uxiora univer sity today. In an address delivered to the colorfully robed audience, in which were Prime Minister Attlee ana former Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, Marshall praised the com bination of British and American strength in the war. and com mented that in war-time confer ences "we always reacnea agreement." But, he added, it was "probably easier in that desperate struggle when our very existence was at stake than it is today when the facts of the hazard are not quite so clear. Fail Completely The deputy foreign ministers have failed completely either to resolve any of the foreign ministers disagreements . on German problems left over from the Moscow conference last spring, or to lay down a program of work for the meeting here. The United States. Britain and France agreed in the deputies ses sions that completion of the Aus trian treaty restoring that coun try to full independence and freedom from foreign roops should be given priority. The Russians ob jected. AP'S LARRY ALLEN GIVEN DECORATION WARSAW. Nov. 22. W Brit- ish Ambassador Sir Donald St. Clair Gainer decorated Larry AK ' ( ' -? V I ; 1 ! "' ( i L. len. Associated tress correspona-inew ent, tonight with the Order of the British Empire. WASHINGTON, Nor. The ceremony took place at aThe cost of living index computed reception for top officials at thej by the bureau of labor statistics United States embassy in celebra-; reached a new high in September, tion of the wedding of Princess 'G6.1 per cent above the level of Elizabeth and Prince Philip. The envoy said the decoration was ror aisunguisnea ana cour- ageous service with His Majesty's fleet in the Mediterranean as 1 A ' -, ..- A. J. Berry. Sullivan, seated with his wife and son by the wall of the courtroom, burst into tears when the verdict was read. His co-defendants, Harry T. Hendricks and J. P. Christy, alleged undercover agents of the attorney general in the conspiracy, sat with their counsel at a nearby table. Job In Donbt Under the decision it was believed the attorney general would automatically lose his job. The law provides that upon conviction of a public official on a felony count, his office Is immediately vacated. However, in some quarters It is held that the point has never been determined legally and that there would have to be a demand upon the attorney general before he would have to leave the post. The penalty for conviction of conspiracy is $1,000 fine or on year imprisonment. Time for Sentence Judge Edwin Beauchamp, who presided during the six-day trial, said sentence would be passed on the trio at 120 pjn, Dec 13. The defense was given until Dec. S to file a motion for a new trial. Defense counsel ImmedV ately said this would be done. If the motion of a new trial i denied, an appeal is expected to be carried to the state supreme court. Apacht County Attorney M. T. Gibbons, who led the prosecution forces, was elated over the rer diet. But he said he still had a "long, hard fight" ahead of him through the supreme court. Trial Judge Thanked John Francis Sullivan, who headed the defense of his father, shook hands with Judge Beau, champ after the proceedings ended and commented that "we had a fair trial." ' The defendants were permitted liberty on the bonds they have already posted and left quickly after the court was dismissed. The 20 or 30 persons in the courtroom when the verdict was returned left almost as quickly. Earlier in the evening, the Jury had returned to the courtroom to have the testimony of A. J. Berry reread to them. The testimony was involved in the count on which the trio was acquitted. It was the second trial of the three men on the conspiracy charge. In the first trial held in Graham County Superior Court here last August before Judge Ben jamin F. Blake, the jury disagreed. standing 9 to 3 for conviction. The new trial opened Tuesday with Judge Edwin Beauchamp of Maricopa County Superior Court presiding in place of Judge Blake, who is recovering from a heart attack suffered soon after the end of the first trial. Short Summation To the surprise of the spectators and others in the court room, M. v. Gibbons, Apache county attor ney who headed the prosecution, limited his closing argument today to a 20-minute summation of the state's case. Gibbons has been as sisted by Jesse A. Udall. former Graham County Superior Court judge, who succeeded the late Special Prosecutor Dodd L Greer, (Continued 'on Page 4-A. CoL 4) COMMODITY COST AT HISTORIC HIGH NEW YORK. Nor. 22. V-The Associated Press index of 35 important wholesale commodities today advanced to a new historic high of 202.26 from 201.55 on Friday. The index takes 1926 prices as 100. Advancing were cocoa, corn, wheat, oats, and cotton. While there were numerous Items unchanged today, not a single decline was shown for the 35 staples. 1927 low for the index is 164.05, established on January 25. Today's rise was the third straight day which produced a pea. August, 1933. ine Dureau, malting the an-' nouneement today, said the index was 12.3 per cent above that of a year ago and zz.9 per cent hieher 'than in June, 194S. ItVian In Tim. IQiC

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