Arizona Daily Star from Tucson, Arizona on October 5, 1947 · Page 1
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Arizona Daily Star from Tucson, Arizona · Page 1

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Sunday, October 5, 1947
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Wkt Sfar U. S. WEATHER BUREAU TUCSON AND VICINITY: Incrculnf hi(h cloudiness today with Ilttlt chang in temperature. Temperature Yerterday: Hiirh M Vow.,, Year Ago: Hh 7 Low M An Independent NEWSpaper Printing the News Impartially VOL. 106 NO. 278 Entered aa aaeend-elara mattetv Pest Office, Tucson. Arizona TUCSON, ARIZONA, SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 5, 1947 FIFTY-SIX PAGES PRICE TEN CENTS HISTORY WARNS OF FOOD POLICY DANGER TO U. S. Europe's Famine, American Plenty Can Be Reversed To Teach Hard Lesson Bj- WILLIAM R. MATHEWS "Behold there came seven years of great plenty throughout all the land of Kgypt: "And there shall arise after them seven years of famine." Genesis 41:29-30. If we glance at past history it is easy to see that from time to time devastating droughts and blighting freezes destroy growing food crops. The story of Joseph and the Pharaoh's dream of the seven lean years and the seven fat .ones, has been repeated countless times during subsequent history. Unless we Americans are God's chosen' people, destined to live In luxurious security all the days of our lives, gorging ourselves on our aSimHanri. of food, our country is Ithe power authority and reclama . , . . tion bureau would take place at bound someume to suffer a devas-l & member of thautnor. tating arougni or a ougrmiis i Uy sai(j today he sees no reason Rapprochement Ready for APA, Reclamation Bureau Arizona's Power Use Issues May Be Stabilized By Discussion, Possible Contract at Month's End, Following Phoenix Convention By LESTER X. INSKEEP Star Staff Correspondent PHOENIX, Oct. 4. Further efforts toward execution of a contract between the Arizona Power Authority and the U. S. Reclamation Bureau for distribution of Colorado river power throughout Arizona will.be made during or imme diately after the National Reclamation Association conven tion starting here October y. A tentative agreement has been reached between the state and fed' eral agencies, but with the under standing that additional conferences will be necessary before the details of a formal contract can be agreed upon. Belief that progress can be made in the negotiations was enhanced by the fact that both J. A. Krug, interior department secretary, and Michael Straus, head of the recla mation bureau, are scheduled to attend the convention. . Resume Talks Locally While it previously was stated that the next conference between Football Results freeze when we shall face an acute shortage of food. View Reversed When we face a shortage of food as a result of such disasters, we will in all probability have to im port our needs from foreign coun tries. When we mane tnose pur-chapes, food prices will rise in those countries from which we buy. When prices go up in those countries, their people are going to howl about "shipping our food to foreigners." Thus will we see ourselves as others see us today. The acute food shortage in Europe is due primarily to the serious freeze of last winter. France, which can usually feed herself, lost two-thirds of her wheat crop. Italy lost one-third of hers. Other countries, such as Belgium, Germany, Poland and the Danube basin, suffered also. I can testify as to how serious this freeze was in France. The French wheat crop was a sick looking affair when I went out into the Marne valley In July. Where in the battles of 1918 we had advanced through fields of waist-high wheat, only thin, barely knee-high grain grew this year. The damage last winter was caused by the worst freeze in 50 years. France's Big Job . As a result of this disaster, France has to find 100,000,000 bushels of wheat to provide the backbone of the French worker's diet, bread. We have a surplus, not as large as usual, but sufficient to take care of the French needs. The big Job France has is to dig up $300,000,000 (100,000,000 bushels at $3 per bushel to land In France) to pay for this wheat. This unforeseen contingency Is one of the principal causes of the present dollar and food crisis. France has to find $300,000,000! whk-h she does not have, $300,000,- why the talks cannot be resumed here with . the secretary himsejf present, Under-the tentative agreement, the reclamation bureau will make available to the power authority excess capacity of the bureau s lines for transportation of power to be distributed by the authority Until recently, the bureau refused to permit use of its lines by the authority The bureau, it was explained, took the position that the author ity was acting in the capacity of a jobber while, the authority contended that it is a state agency charged with distribution of power at cost, plus enough to pay expenses only. For this rea son, the authority insisted it was entitled to prior rights. Way Now Open It also had been contended by the bureau that delivery of power authority power over the federal lines constituted a financial en cumbrance, whereas the authority said this would be only a service contract. The bureau now has re ceded from both stands and opened the way for cooperation. The - bureau s lines, reaching Phoenix and Tucson, have a ca pacity considerably in excess of their, contemplated load, it was ex plained, -v- By using this excess ca pacity, the power authority can avoid construction of lone and costly .lines of its own. What disposition the reclama tion bureau will make of the power to be generated by Davis Dam, now under construction, is not known, but Arizona claims to have a pri orlty because It filed, through the power authority, the first formal application. California since has applied for the entire 180,000 kil-owats of firm power .to be pro duced there, and Nevada has ap plied for 45,000 kilowats. No Commitments In addition to the firm power, it Arizona 40, Montana 6. Tempe 7, Abilene Christian IS. Flagstaff 0, Texas Mines 40. Nevada 13, Oregon 6. Brigham Young 7, Wyoming 12. Rice 7, USC 7 (tie). Oregon State 14, Washington 7. California 43, St. Mary's 6. Texas Christian 0, Arkansas 6. West Texas State 13, Texas Tec h 21. Texas 34, North Carolina 0. Georgia Tech 20, Tulane 0. Duke 19, Tennessee 7. South Carolina 0, Mississippi 33. " Mississippi State 0, Michigan State 7. LSU 19, Georgia 35. Alabama 7, Vanderbilt 14. Notre Dame 40, Pittsburgh 6. Army 47, Colorado 0. Cornell 0, Vale 14. Columbia 13, Navy 6. Pennsylvania 59, Lafayette 0. UCLA 26, Northwestern 27. Illinois 35, Iowa 19. Minnesota 28, Nebraska 13. Iowa State 7, Kansas 27. Stanford 13, Michigan 49. Wisconsin 7, Indiana 7 (tie). Purdue 24, Ohio State 20. Additional scores on sports page. 000 in addition to what she expect-jis estimated there will be 45,000 ed to pay out for raw materials and kilowats of secondary power. Firm other things to keep her industrlesjpower is based upon a normal amount of water in the reservoir (Continued on Page 2, Column 1) BREWERS AGREE TO CUT GRAINS Will Further Europe Aid Program by Reducing Wheat, Rice Use WASHINGTON, Oct. 4. (.TV- Representatives of the brewing in dustry today agreed to recommend to the nation's brewers an immediate stop to the. use of wheat or table grade rice In beer, in futher ance of President Truman's aid to-Europe program. . The representatives, of the United States Brewer's Foundation and the Small Brewer's Committee, also agreed to recommend the release for food use of all stocks of wheat owned by the brewers or under contract to buy. The latter stocks are estimated bv the brewers spokesmen at over 200,000 bushels. White House Announces The action was announced at the " White House. It was taken at the trequest of Charles Luckman, chair-iman of Truman's Citizens Food Committee, and Secretary of Agriculture Anderson, after a secret, six -hour conference today. Anderson estimated that the industry uses upwards of 10,000,000 bushels of wheat annually. The dozen Brewers' representa tives present unanimously pledged their respective companies "to the conservation program," the White House announcement said. Both, associations arranged to call meetings of their boards of di rectors next week to study "further conservation measures. Effect in Doubt As to the effect on quality and flavor of beer, the brewers were sparing of comment. One told a reporter. "Some companies use wheat in their beer, and some don't" Another said: "It's a matter of individual preference and taste." A third; "The brewers will continue to try to give the best flavor pos sibje because it's a highly com petitive industry." Luckman, in the official state-; ment, said that while the wheat stock held by brewers or con tracted for by them are "comparatively small." today's decision will be "a contribution to the conservation program." He called it a constructive step also to eliminate the use of grades of rice which, are suitable for tabic us. , for operation of the hydro-electric generators. Sacondary power is that which will be .available when the water is above the normal level. The secondary power, it was .explained, will be used largely for "peaking" purposes, or to supplement, when available, a demand in excess of normal. While a bitter battle Is In prospect between California and Ari zona for the Davis power, no commitments have as yet been made by! the reclammation bureau, and Ari zona intends to press for considera tion of her prior rights as estab lished by the first application. BUS FIRED ON SHREVEPORT. La.. Oct. 4. (JP) Two days of peace for the strike- plagued Southern -Bus company. Inc., ended tonight when. Sheriff Kay . Adcock reported, two pistol shots were fired into a bus loaded with 12 passengers. "None was in jured. The sheriff said the bus was bound from Shreveport to Alexandria and that the shooting took place in Red Kiver parish. A bus was fired upon near this same town about six weeks ago. ARIZONA WHIPS MONTANA U., 40-7 Cats Show Weil-Balanced Offense; 14,300 Fans See Scoring Spree By ABE CHANIN The pre-game experts had solidly tabbed it as a high-scoring game, but they sadly neglected to point out,, that the .scoring might be heavily on one side. And on one side it was as Arizona displayed a surprisingly well-balanced offense last night to crush the Montana Grizzlies, 40-7. A near- capacity crowd, estimated at 14,300 sat jacket-less through a performance of fancy running and passing bv a whole gang of Wildcats. ' From the first string through the fourth Arizona was heads, shoulders and hips above the Grizzlies. A procession of Cat backs from Pollard to Crouch ran all over the visitors for . Arizona vic tory No. 2. Cholly Hall Rambles One back in particular, Chargin' Cholly Hall, galloped '73 yards on a run that will go down in Wildcat gridiron history. Hall broke into the clear going through the left side of the line and sidestepped Montana defensive players like a ballerina. He received great down- field blocking by Shanty Hogan and Junior Crum. Early in the first period a 53- yard- pass moved the Grizzlies down to the Arizona one-yard line, but a great Wildcat line held for downs and that was the only real threat Montana produced besides the score. ' In fact, the Wildcat first team line and reserve forward walls completely outcharged bulky Mon tana linemen all night. Total Offense How badly Arizona rolled over the northerners is pictorially shown in the Wildcats' total offense gain of . 554 yards, which should put UA among the national leaders. The Cats gained 343 yards on tlie ground and 211 through the air.. Arizona's aerial attack was sensational. A total of 16 passes were PLAN TO SOLVE BALKAN DISPUTE MERESTS U. S. Johnson to Study French Idea to Omit Names of Border Aggressors LAKE SUCCESS, Oct. 4. (JP) The United States rested its - case in the controversial Balkans question today by telling the United Nations it would "explore" a French proposal of conciliation in the hotly-debated Balkan problem. Herschel V. Johnson, U. S. delegate, made the closing American statement on this case before the 57-nation general assembly political committee. The French compromise seeks to refrain from placing blame on Yugoslavia, Albania and Bulgaria. U. S. Commission The American government has accused the three Soviet satellite nations of threatening the political integrity of Greece and has recommended that a special Balkan commission be established to settle the problem. Johnson told the committee that the U. S. is Interested in the pro- posal made yesterday by Premier Paul-Henri Spaak, of Belgium, who asked Yugoslavia, Albania and Bulgaria whether they would accept such a commission provided that the U.N. would render no verdict against them. Johnson suggested that the com mittee ask the three Balkan nations to express their opinion on the French proposal. Break in Deadlock It was the first indication in the long-debated case that the U. S. was interested In the French conciliatory proposal. The committee adjourned at 1:21 p.m. (EST) until 3 p.m. Mon day, when Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Y. Vishmsky is expected to close Russia's case. Dr. Herbert V. Evatt, Australian deputy prime minister and foreign minister, is listed as Monday's second speaker. Ten other nations are to be heard from before the com mittee starts "detaile'd work on opposing U.S. and Russian proposals on the Balkans. ' A trend toward adopting a conciliatory attitude in the Greek case rather than to place blame on any given party also was embodied In statements made today by delegates from Egypt and Colombia. : ' China Backs U. S. But Dr. T. F. Tsiang, of China, told the committee there was no justification for the "border violations that have taken place in recent months in Greece" and aligned his government solidly be-i hind the U.S. U. S., Britain Are Blamed for Balkan Problem by Lange LAKE SUCCESS. N. Y Oct. 4. JP) Dr. Oscar Lange, of Poland, told the United Nations assembly's political committee today that Britain and the United States were responsible for "the original sin" of the Balkans problem foreign intervention. He declared that it was Britain and the U. S. who had interfered in Greece, not Albania, Yugoslavia and Bulgaria. He cited alleged participation by British troops in the 1944 civil war in Greece and recent U. S. recommendations on the size of the Greek army to support his intervention charges. Lange said that to charge Greece's n o r t h er n neighbors with interfering In Greece was an "anti-climax" after the activity of Britain and the U. S. ATTACKS UNVEIL TRUE RED GOALS Eaton Glad Soviet Blocks Congressmen, Foresees Clarified Issues . NO TAB ON RED TRAINEES HERE, SENATOR BARES Unknown Number Allowed In Plants 'Disappear' Officials Admit WASHINGTON, Oct. 4. (JP) Chairman Eaton (R-N. J.) of the house foreign affairs committee said today he welcomes continuance of what he called Russia's "straight-arm offensive" against the United States. He said these tactics "strip off" the Soviet "mask." ' In a statement condemning the Soviets refusal to allow two congressional groups to enter Russia to study U. S. diplomatic representation, Eaton said: Hopes He Continues "I can only hope that nothing will deter Mr. Vishinsky (Soviet deputy foreign minister) from continuing the line of attack that he has taken, and I would at all costs like to see Russia given the opportunity in the United Nations to strip off its own mask, so that people who value the freedoms that we have striven to maintain may see what Rusian 'freedom' really means." Continuance of Russia's present policy of criticism of the United States, Eaton continued, will help to "force on eyen the most peace-loving people the nature of the struggle to save a free world upon which we are now engaged." "It may help." he added, "to bring support for the economic action necessary if we consider the alternative of being confronted with a world run by Mr. Vishin-sky's masters. I hope that 'his master's voice' will continue to speak (Continued on Page 4 Column 1) Maricopa Plans Intervention In Emergency Levy Test Case Budget Law Strictures Place Greater Burden On Salt River Valley Than Locally; Board May Take Protective Action Soon By STAR STAFF CORRESPONDENT PHOENIX, Oct. 4. Intervention in a suit brought to prevent me nraa county Doarn ot supervisors from spending any part of a $100,000 special authorization for recreation will be suggested to the Maricopa county board of supervisors at its next meeting, James E. DeSouza, clerk said today. Like the Pima board. the Maricona (Continued on Page 22, Col. 7.) 7 European Nations Ask U. S. Aid; Get Quarter of Exports WASHINGTON, Oct. 4. (NANA) Key European countries asking for aid under the Marshall plan are now getting more than one-fourth of all U. S. exports. This was revealed today bv com merce department export officials who released a detailed breakdown showing that seven-Marshall Plan countries are receiving the lion's share of our current foreign shipments. The figures turned over to Secretary Harriman's committee study ing foreign aid, show that in five $380,000,000 and Italy with $220,- ooo.ooo. Machinery topped food In the total exports going to these countries, with France getting almost three times more worth of machinery and vehicles than any other country. In tlie five-month period, Europe received more than $647,000,000 worth of American machinery and $008,000,000 of food. The food went largely to Britain which took American vegetables valued at $91,000,000. months this year the U.S. exported '""r " T, , luT , , !i -icountries in nonmetallic minerals. win in vi ncnrlw 5ft M'JI nm OOTl tr,Z tw France took $55,000,000 and Brit- machinery, food, textiles and other L. nnnnn; ', M,nmniv,A merrhanrtlw aln $01,000,000 01 the $230,000,000 total shipped. These two countries, plus Sweden, also received the bulk of merchandise. Of this total, more than $2,338,- 000,000 went to Europe and more than $1,650,000,000. to seven of 16 Marshall Plan nations which are asking for a minimum of $16,000,-000,000 more In American aid. The countries were identified as the United Kingdom, France, Italy, Sweden, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Leading all countries is Britain, which this year already has re ceived $509,000,000 worth of mer chandise Next Is France with American metal manufacturers. In this category, France took $26,000,-000, Sweden $25,000,000 and Britain $21,000,000 of the $143,000,000 total exported. Officials said they had no inten tion of blackballing ' the receiving nations in releasing these figures, but merely to indicate that countries asking for aid already are re ceiving substantial amounts of Amercian goods. sible to operate under their regular budget. Should the courts hold that the Pima county board cannot make such an expenditure under the "emergency" provisions of state law, then the Maricopa county board also would face an impossible situation, it was pointed out. Maricopa's special authorizations from the state tax commission are the largest in the state for counties. The Pima suit was brought by five taxpayers who question the right of the tax commission to In terpret as an emergency the rec reation program instituted in that county. It also seeks to restrain the board of supervisors from speeding any part of the money. Problem Shared "Under a strict interpretation of the word 'emergency', it would be just as impossible for the Ma ricopa board of supervisors to operate as it is for the Pima board," DeSouza said. Maricopa has had to exceed its budget ' every year since 1940-41, records in the office of its comptroller show. Total tax commission authorizations to Maricopa since that time are $2,294,656.98, most of which has been spent. Starting with a budget excess of $13,520.76 in the 1941-42 year. Maricopa has increased Its requests each year since, reaching a figure of $1,307,028.83 in the last fiscal year, Its authorizations were $10,- 678.52 in 1942-43, $214,333.49 in 1943-44, $300,031.07 in 1914-45, and $413,064.31 in 1945-40. In comparison with Maricopa's total, Pima has received authoriza tions of slightly over $500,000 since 1942. From . a population standpoint, Maricopa is the largest county in the state. Pima is second. Budget Law Strictures As an example of Maricopa's in ability to live within the annual 10 per cent Increase limitation imposed by state law, it was pointed out all it could set up in last year's budget for indigent hospital and medical care was $4S0,755.23. This compares with actual exjiendi- tures for this purpose of 803,- 879.50. All that could be budgeted this year was $561,917.41, while the rapidity with which demands arc Major Labor Disputes Continue Over Nation As Others Are Ended By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Major strikes curtailing airline service to northern Europe and halting movement of shipping in Los Angeles and Lone Beach harbors continued Saturday as numerous other disputes becjan across Xhe nation. On the west coast movement of cargo from ships and warehouses remained at a standstill. The CIO International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's union called the dispute a lockout and the waterfront employers associations termed it an "illegal foremen's strike." Negotiations between a group of WASHINGTON. Oct. 4. (JP) Senator Ferguson (R- Mich) said today an unknown number of Russians who have taken technical training in American plants "have dis appeared." He protested the lack of information on them and government officials acknowledged thev have no idea how many such Russian trainees still are in this country, or what they are doing. Ferguson told a reporter! "An unknown number of Soviet Russian steel technicians, admitted to this country under state department visas, have disappeared." Both Immigration Commissioner Watson Miller and Assistant Secretary of State John E. Peurifoy wrote the senator they have no records on how many Russians have been admitted for training or are here now. Law Has Loophole Miller said he would trv to find out. But so long as entry visas re main good, there are no rules or laws requiring the government to keep tab on trainees once they get into the country. They enter as government officials. "This thing must stop, Ferguson stormed, "Nobodv, so far as I know, keeps track of them after entry. "Nobody knows where these people are or what they are doing. We should close down on this kind of thing unless our representatives are permitted to examine Russian production and industries State department officials said Russian technicians have been coming over for . some time to study American manufacturing processes and become familiar with machinery Russia is buying here. CIO Supplies Tip What stirred Ferguson up was a protest from local 468 of the CIO-Auto Workers Union that the C 1 ar k Equipment Company at Buchanan, Mich., had agreed with the Sovjet ipurchasing commission to train Russians in the manufac-! ture of steel axle housings. j The union said in a telegram to Ferguson September 21 that the, U.S. Gives up Share Of Italian War Fleet Taken in Treaty Pool Foreign Minister Sforza Makes Announcement As Crucial Debate on Fate of De Gasperi's Government Ends; Socialists Suspicious . BULLETIN -ROME, Sunday, Oct. 5. (fl5) Leftist efforts to oust the Christian Democratic government mi Premier Alcide de Gasperi failed in the constituent assembly early today with the defeat of two motions of no confidence and the withdrawal of a third. ROME, Oct. 4. P Foreign Minister Carlo Sforza brought the constituent assembly to its feet cheering today by making the dramatic announcement, just as a crucial debate -on the fate of the government was nearin? an ena, max me united states had renounced its share of - - . , IKa 11 i . - Fear of Commanders Keeping Greek Reds In Line: Henderson WASHIXGTOX. Oct 4. JPt An estimate of 60 per cent of the Greek guerrillas would surrender but for fear of their Communist leaders came tonight from Loy Henderson, state department policy maker, just back from Athens. I lenderson. who had a hand In settling last month's Greek cabinet crisis, said fanaticism of a "hard core" of Communists plus support from across the Balkan frontiers explains how the Reds are able to continue fomenting disorder. "Foreign assistance has been on such a scale." he said, "that It is estimated by an American l observer that if the northern Greek frontiers could be sealed ahd the flow of supplies stopped, guerrilla activity in Greece may well be decreased by at least half within the space of one month. Arabs to Welcome n A mi ACi;cn'e' attacked the United States as U1U1UCC1 til AlllCd a " fleet. Evan fnm. munists reluctantly rose to their feet and Joined In the cheering. The prospective distribution of tfc Italian fleet has been one of the bitterest piOa of the peace treaty for Italians. Sforza cast his bombshell near th conclusion of a bitter seven day argument over three leftist motions for non-confidence in the Christian Democrat cabinet of Premier Alcide de Gasperi. with a decision apparently depending on how fewer than 10 moderate Socialists and right-wing Qualunquists (Common Man Movement) voted. Mmt Krrap WarUJp (American officials in Washington said the United States is renouncing title to an Italian battleship and other war vessels awarded under the Italian peace treaty. The Italians must scrap the warships which the United States renounces, although they can keep and use auxiliaries such as tugs and tankers.) Bitterly, Pietro NennL left-wing Socialist who himself was foreign minister up to last January, upbraided Sforza. saying it was "verr curious that Sforza makes this an nouncement today appealing to our patriotic sentiments, when the United States and Great Britain informed us of thU four or five months age." Palmlro Togliatto. Communist eral of the Arab League, said to night Arab governments would Russian trainees were displacing permit volunteer armies to move union members and were learning, ireeiy mw raiesune io iigm u "American manufacturing process- Arabs in the Holy Land were es wnicn are so necessary ior ine,,",- w " ,u"jcl- warmongering nation." and was interrupted by a Christian Demo- CAIRO, Oct. 4. HP) Abdel Rah- crat who shouted. "You have man Azzam Pasha, secretary gen-'rubles!" . ' Start Fighting A dozen Communists rushed for ward and blows , were, exchanged with a Christian Democrat before order was restored. De Gasperi concluded the debate by excluding any possibility of returning to a coalition government with Communists and Socialists, whom he threw out of his cabinet last May. 1 have lost all faith In the poe- him how many Russian trainees l6fl civil war wouia te tne result siomry or geiung aiong wun ine have been admitted to this coun-Jlf .the United Nations approved any (leftists In the government," he de- trv nnd on what hasis. He also Plan tor me esiaDiisnment oi a-ciarea. welfare and security of this na tion." The union asked for a congressional Investigation. The senator asked the Justice Jewish state.' In an interview given as the seven-nation league council prepared for their Tuesday meeting department's immlEration servlceiat Beirut, Lebanon. Azzam Pasha to look into the complaint and teli;sa,d conflict similar to the Span-him how manv Russian trainees Ih Civil War would be the result took the matter up with the state department. And he gave out the replies today. Kight at Bncbanan Miller reported eight Russians now are training at the Buchanan plant. There is no question where they are. Miller gave names and Jewish state in PalesUne. Azzam Pasha said the league's political committee, composed of the foreign ministers of Egypt, Iraq. Syria, Lebanon. Saudi Arabia, Trans-Jordan and the Yemen, re cently- decided, to aid Palestine f fHTlJTO TfTTT T PPfC Arabs with manpower if the U. N. I ,HI Kl .HM J . NKKN He charged the Communists with waging a continuous campaign of strike against his rule, asserting (Contlaaed on Page 4. Colon a S) aees and said thev came In underisp131 raiesune commmees rec- diplomatic visas granted by the U. ommendations are adopted. S. consulate in Moscow. He said the Azzam Pasha, who fought the company paid Its regular employes Italians in Libya after the First durlnir the time Russians ran theirlWor'd War, said the Arabs in Pal- machines, In Detroit, Immigration Direct estine, unaided, would be crushed by the armored cars, guns and ni V. V. Arlrrw lf cnir! tho C art company has been training Soviet derground defense army. He said technicians since June in groups Hagana obtained this materiel of 4 to 20. He said some of the first,easi,y wilh millions of American have gone back to Russia and been dollars contriDutea to Zionism. replaced by others. "I8 vear K0,1 J ,c 1 J tributions was $170,000,000, i No Down Payments' For Veterans Urged con- and during my recent visit to America I heard they already had $150.- 000,000 in hand." he said. He said that in effect these contributions sometimes come from the U. S. government because con-! EARLY ELECTION Socialists Now Minority, Ex-Leader Says; Warns Of Totalitarianism CLEVELAND. Oct. 4. (JP) The Mortgage Bankers Association of jtributions to Jewish relief werelI-abor government, declaring "the BRIGHTON. ENGLAND. Oct. 4. UP) Winston Churchill today demanded an early national election which he said would destroy the Labor government. Addressing a cheering Conservative party convention at its closing session, the war-time prime minister delivered a sharp attack on the America will actively support 100 percent "no-down payment" mortgage loans to war veterans. President John C. Thompson, of Newark, N. J., said today. In the same vein, the association declared In a resolution: "It is the responsibility of mortgage lenders throughout the United States to implement veterans home making sucn (Continued on Page 4, Column 2) loan program by Baltimore commercial printers antfl loans without down payment: the AFL International Typographical Union were resumed over a new contract. In New York City a dispute at 150 Safeway food stores ended and it was announced they would reopen Monday. The company and the CIO clerks unions agreed to arbitrate. Two other New 'York strikes continued as AFL workers in 29 Childs restaurants and AFL railway express agency drivers re mained away from their Jobs. A strike of AFL house wreckers which have stopped demolition work on the East river site of the United Nations in New York ended. Production in the Akron, O., plant of the Seiberling Rubber Company dropped off about a third because of what was described by the company as a sit-down strike of 210 workers. deductible on income tax returns, WILL GO TO COURT MONTGOMERY, ALA, Oct. 4. UP Delegates to a statewide con ference of Alabama Negro leaders voted unanimously today to carry into the courts charges that the state discriminates against the N gro at the polls, in public schools and in public transportation. Election in Saar May Return Coal Mines Region to France UN Committee Votes To Cut Press Budget LAKE SUCCESS, Oct. 4. (JP) The United Nations 57-nation budgetary committee approved today a Russian proposal cutting in half a proposed expenditure of $32,000 for additional staff in the U. N. press division next year. The sum had been suggested to permit temporary expansion of the press division during the 1948 as sembly meeting. French leader have expressed the hope that economic union will be followed by political integration when the peace treaty with Oer-many Is signed. Gen. Gilbert Grandval. French governor of the Saar, told the Ger- SAARBRUECKEN, Germany. Oct. 4. (JP) Residents of the German-speaking Saar vot tomorrow to elect a parliament of 50 deputies in what Is expected to be the first sten in Joining this coal mining region economically with France, mans today: "You will take the A vote for any political party.'first step tomorrow on the way to except the Communist, will in ef--liberty." feet constitute a vote for economic ine economic union nas me sup- union with France. The parlia- port of the United States and Brl ment to be elected in the baIloting!tain. Germans, however, appeared is expected to convene later this completely unconcerned over their month. future. An editor ot a uerman It then will be handed a readv-inewspaper said the Saarlanders made draft constitution providing; were "more interested in food for economic attachment. This Germans opposing the economic nronosed constitution was drawn union have no method of express- up with the help of French occu- ing tneir position except oy voting nation authorities bv representa-,ior tne communists, tne oniy party tives of all Saarland parties who : openly against any separation of were chosen according to strength, the haar from Germany. shown in the municipal elections of September, 10 1G. French officials have said the; Implying that the political lead ers Of other parties were pro-French, the Communists said in parliament will be free to adopt, 'their posters: "We will vote only amend or completely re-write the i for the representatives of the draft. It is expected, however, that (people, representatives from the the only article of the proposed people. constitution which will be hotly j Observers said they were watch-contested in parliament will be the ing to see how many of the Saar-one providing for confessional land's 400,000 eligible voters stay schools. jaway from the polls. , machinery for the totalitarian grip on British society is being built up and perfected." Demands Expressloa He advised the Conservatives to be ready for an election contest "at any time this year or next." adding that Prime Minister Attlee "ha no moral right to deny the electorate a free expression of their win at an early date." The Labor majority fn parliament was elected in 1945 for a five-year term, but the government may call a general election at any time. A Nottingham Conservative. Anthony Gorman, speaking for the resolution, declared the country had been made "more ripe for Communism than ever before to history." He asserted there were 40 left' wing Lalorites In parliament who were "fellow travelers" with Communism, that many Lalor party leaders were "tied up" with Com munism and "there is Communism In every level of the trade unions from Arthur Horner (Communist secretary of the National Union of Mine Workers) at the top to the workers at the bottom." Dress RebearsaP He declared Communists "desire to see Britain a broken country." And the recent coal strike was a "dress rehearsal for a general strike." Churchill told the delegates that the economic crisis "will not be mastered except by the election of a new House of Commons." "They (the government) make mistakes which make things worse," he continued. "As things get worse they claim more power tn cat thorn ritrht Thn tVlPV move ever nearer tot) he scheme cf the all-powerful totalitarian state in which the individual is a heiple serf or pawn."

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