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Arizona Daily Star from Tucson, Arizona • Page 1

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Tucson, Arizona
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1
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WEATHER Yet. Tr. a tco y.i'mum F. 89 gr nlmum F. 73 8 a-m- PC1- 5 p.m., pet 47 7 pilnfaU.

inch .62 Jktfm An Independent NEWSpaper Printing the News Impartially mm VOL. 100 NO. 193 Ccum) Mrosd-clan Bttuc. rnm. Offvm Tortoo.

AAuu TUCSON, ARIZONA, THURSDAY MORNING, JULY, 17, 1941 TWELVE PAGES PRICE FIVE CENTS Conflicting Claims in Soviet Battle TOKYO CABINET FALL RESULTS FROM TROUBLE RUSSIA CLAIMS: GERMANY CLAIMS: SOVIET ADfflTS SMOLENSK NOW FACING ATTACK Nazi Advance Checked in Other Areas, Moscow Still Asserts FINLAND dfi )) INLAND Af OUSTER ORDER CALLED INVALID BY HIGH COURT Industrial Commissioners Praised in Opinion On Osborn Act CHARGES ARE RAPPED RAF Raiders Meeting Heavier Nazi Defenses Germans Believed to Have Brought Some of Their Planes Back From Russia to Deal With Menace to Their Home Front LONDON, July 16. (TP) The RAF reported bomb hits on a ship and many other vessels in a daring low level raid on Rotterdam harbor today but acknowledged loss of four planes to increasing swarms of German fighters believed to have been shifted from the Russian front to Ik I I i defend the western air. 3 i r- A 2-5 RUSSIA 1 1 tf -MV Ql. -4 KIEV s. UKRAINE, Sy- UKRAINE r-JNGARvV HUNGARY GERMAN DRIVES C- 1- STAUN LINE tlS IL1 jf PUSS'AN ATTACK fi 0 MPttct Seaf here sire the latest conflicting claims of Moscow and Berlin with Moscow saln)t that no appreciable change had occurred; Germany reporting her troops have Masted dear a path toward Moscow and are converging at the gaten of Kiev.

Berlin Claims Rapid Drive Moves Toward Leningrad With Russians Disorganized In Desperate Flight Vital Railroads Crippled Reorganization of Defeated Armies Says Report of Nazi News Agency BERLIN, July 16. (P) Pressing forward after a heavy aerial bombardment of rail lines in the vicinity of Leningrad, German forces were reported by the official German news agency tonight to be advancing rapidly on that big Russian industrial port city, the old Czarist capital. TANKS ARE BLASTED Widespread Air Activity Continued by Red Arrnv Units MOSCOW, Thursday, July 17. VP Germany's armored troops now have reached the Smolensk area 90 miles east of battle-scarred Vitebsk and 230 miles from Moscow on the road to the Soviet capital, the Soviet information bureau announced today. (This was the first time that the Russians have mentioned Smolensk, and this would appear to be the most serious threat yet to Russian defenses on the central front protecting the capital.

Smolensk is an important rail and communications center and already has been heavily bombed by Nazi planes.) At the same time the Soviets said a German tank battalion re-treating from Rogachev on the Dnepr river to the south had been surrounded and destroyed. Fight Continues On the southern front Red troops were reported still resisting the Germans at Novograd-Yolynski, l'i) miles west of the I kraine capital, Kiev. It was in this area that the Russians yesterday claimed the counter-attacking Red army had kept German infantry from catching up to support advance Nazi mechanized units which apparently had swept around Novograd-Yolynski in the attempt to reach Kiev. A Soviet communique said the Red air force again bombed the Rumanian oil center of Ploesti, and the Rumanian ports of Sulina and Tulcea. Successful attacks on German motorized units and Nazi planes on the ground also were reported, the Red airmen particularly concentrating on Nazi troop concentrations gathered to cross Russian rivers.

Counter-Attack The Red counter-offensive in the Rogachev area, which roughly is 150 miles southwest of Smolensk, first was reported by the Soviet newspaper Izvestia. (Should the Germans be successful fn the Smolensk area they would threaten the rear of these Red forces fighting along the southern course of the Dnepr river in the Rogachev sector.) While official information of the progress of the Soviet defense was somewhat meager during the day there was an appearance of rising confidence among the Kussians. Confidence Rises This was based on the fact that the second German offensive, now in its fifth day, was not moving nearly so rapidly as did the first against the newly acquired Soviet buffer areas. Evacuation of women and children from the capital was slackened. The high command's laconic war bulletin pictured the Germans as substantially inactive, and progressing not at all.

in their offensives toward Kiev in the I'kraine and toward Murmansk in the far north. German drives aimed at Leningrad from the Pskov-Porkhov area to 17." miles southwest of that second Russian city and old Czarist capital and toward Moscow 300 miles to the east from the areas of Polotsk and Vitebsk were descriled as caught in a storm of still inconclusive fighting. To Push Fight (A statement that, come what might, the Russians would go on fighting the German invaders indefinitely was made in London by the Soviet ambassador, Ivan Maiskv. Even if Moscow should fall, he said. Russia's widely dispersed industries would lx able to keep the Red armies "fully supplied." We will fight on." he added, "supplier! bv these factories and bv growing industries in the During the day the Soviet government rationed bread, sugar, vege-table oils, meat and fish and tex- to Page 12, Col.

8) by Air Attacks to Prevent The German forces pushing northeastward on the Baltic front have mafic such speedy progress, DXR said, that the Russians had been forced to make a stand in unfavorable positions with "considerable losses" resulting. The Germans reported running fights were taking place in this region, especially east of Pskov, indicating, said DN'M, that the Ru. Mans hoped that strong rear guard encounters would hold up the Germans lng enough for the defenders to dig in along a new line of i fen. sc. (The Rome radio, in a broad-cast hoard In New York bv NHC Wednesday evening, said large Russian emt intrents bad retreated to the road from Smolensk to Moscow.

Smolensk Js almut 2.o miles west of the Russian capital Railways Attaiked Dn said the German air force now bad disrupted hundred of miles of Russia's most vital railways, and that "as a result of this Some Adjustment Sought In Conflicting Treaties WAR MOVE TOSSIBLE Washington Believes Tie With Axis May Be Weakened TOKYO. July 17. T) The cabinet cf Prince Fumimaro Konoye which allied Japan with Germany and Italy and a few months later entered a neutrality accord with Soviet Russia, announced today it had resigned to permit formation of a government more capable of "coping with the ever -changing world nation." The premier journeyed to the Imperial summer villa at Havami, on the seacoast southu ot of Tokvo, to bits, nt the end bl.w I im. tion to Emperor Himhito laM night. The sovereign askcsl him to remain in office until a successor 1h ho-en.

(Tokvo dispatches gave no clear Indication of what direction Japa-nose imperial policy may take as a change in gov eminent, but 1her has len recently a rising tide of sentiment in favor of udmg with Germany against Russia increasing clamor against what i called "the encirclement of Japan" bv the United Slates. Itruain. China and now the Soviet Union. Alarm Shown (The Rritish alliance, the strengthening of British. American and Dutch fenses jn southeastern Asia and the possjbii'tv tli.it United States aid tnlrht reach Russia by way of Vladivo bik have viewed with alarm hi Japan i.

The phrasing of the govern-ment's announcement of its fall indicated that Konovr. who already has had two terms as premier, might receive the imperial command to assemble a new cabinet from which some the retiring ministers would onutte'd. The cabinet said It Stepped down lecaue if frh keenly "the necessity of a rapid strengthening the dome-stir structure as well as a drastic renovation of Vosuke MalMioka, foreign minister, influential in aliening Japan with th Axis in the lieibii treaty of September 27, who jersonanv signed the neutrality accord of April 11 at Moscow, was absent liecause of illnes from the eni'Tgency cabin, session width preceded the election. Contradiction Seen The two parts were baiVd as the key stones ef fne'gri when they were tKg (But after Adolf Hitler Kent bl 'armies into llm'ij tb Tokvo f.v-i rrmnenfs rrlilr ebarg'-d it with jinvoUing the empire in an m-! barrassjng contradiction obligation. Matsuoka especially was criticized for obtaining the em-1 peror's sanction to two pari which events e-eme-l to make I was the second recent gov, nnif to fall thfru Iv tdirr of Hitler rapid changes of front.

That of Baron KbrhJro Hiram-ma, was strongly rommi'ted to a rommrm with Germany against world Connpiinlsm. fe ll August i-in Jun after Hi'ler conclude. 1 argrccsion pact jtn Morrow wh'eh pfve-d a pi elude to the new Euro-ean war. The Amerh has the mot widely publh Ized me-rrder of the retir ing cabinet, er a use of Vgoreu espousal cf the poh'T (f a "greater-st Ala proje-ri sphere" bv Japan, bis warning to the Uni'ed States against inter-vent ion In the wars in unit I China and bis triumphal visits last to Berlin. Rome and M'-i (')''.

Emperor Returning It was announced that the m-! pere.r, acrompanie-d by the em-j pres. would return Imnvdla'ely to to 1. available for the Jong, Involved negotiation which i pre-rede the selection jCif a new Japanese premier. It wa just a year ago yesterday that Prince Konove re-re Jved th imperial command to frm bin second cabinet. It was formally by the errpe-ror July 1 1010.

A IS Af.MAVf mav weaken WASHINGTON. July K. fT, Striving to fathom the meaning of Japan'! cabine e-rlsj-c, some diplo-. ma's hazardr-d the prediction tonight that Tokyo's close ties with i the Axis probably wou'-J le weakened in favor of a more Inde-jenderit policy. Whethe-r the resignation of Premier Prince Fumimaro Konoye'f government Increased or Jeene-4 the possibility cf war In the pacific was uncertain on the has cjf preliminary rejrort.s from Tokyo and pending the formation of a new cabinet.

There was no Immediate1 en-elency in diplomatic quarter to hail the cabinet fall as the death knell of the tripartite pact. With the Ruso-Gcrman fighting still undecided, it was considered doubtful that Japan was ready to ri'Jc an abrupt break with Germ an v. Independence Hinted Cut the view most generally held was that Japan's pro-Axis foreign policy was so confused as a result of the German attack on Russia with whom Japan has a "neutrality" agreement that It was "(Continued to Page 12, CoL 'UNINGRAO MOSCOW i RUSSIA COUNTY TO CUT ITS TAX RATES But Other Figures Will Bring Total Boost For Tucson Reduction of 10 cents In the county's general fund tax levy and elimination of the cninty general sehfol fund will bring th countv tax rate down to a figure cents lower than that of ID Id, it was Acsterday as the board of Micrvisors prepared to formally adopt today the tentative l'MI-42 budgets. Part of the. general fund ra'e reduction was fetter! by means of econom ies.

the rest bv a sharp increase the county's assessed valuation. Rates Outlined The pew rate, according to tl estimates released yesterday, will Ik? cents for the general fund, as compared to cent In PJJ'i; 7. To' cents for the toad fund, as compared to 7 and AH ccnH as compared to cents for the farm bureau fund. fund wan bv tb tiew state law providing that capital apportionments formerly divider the rmintv and tb stte be taken over ntircly bv the state. The county rate for this last year was cents.

Thus, the total for the 1011 rate would le cents, as compared to la't vear, a reduction of fJl.K. cents. The city this wek receiver! Its assessed auation estimates and from them a J'll ijtv rat of an increase of 71 fc-rits. was predicted. Slate Rate High The state rate has not ln an nounced, but it.

is exp'-f fed to ov er near the 52 mark, as compared to cents in l'M', and, similarly, the rates for high and elementary fichool districts No. 1, which encompass the citv of Tucson, are not yet available. P.ecause of an inrrea-e cf $.10, or almost per cent. In the jcr capita apportionment fo high schfol.s, the b'gh school No. 1 rate is expected to be reduced some, what, although elementary No.

1's apportionment per capi'a will remain the same, and districts wi'l have an Increased lKnd re-demption figure this time 1-cause of expansion expenditures. The combiner! Increase In the city and state rates will be around Sl.vj. which, with the countv reduction of Ui cents, leaves an of fll cents to be absorbed bv th two school districts, and their reductions, if anv, are rot expected to mcrt this figure. Consequently, the combined eitv-countv-state-r hool 'rate locally, which was in 1010, proba-Mv will exceed the mark for 1011, a reduction in th whool rate of about rents nee-essary to carry the total below this year. INDSORS HINTING VISIT TO AMERICA DENVER.

Julv 36. The Duchess of Windsor, writing Mr. Claude Boetfrher Denver, Raid ghe and her husband hoped to "get away soon" from Nassau for a trip to the United States that would include a visit In Denver. Boettcher, vho entertained the duke and duchess last spring at her Florida winter home, disclosed today the duchess response to an invitation that they stop here en route to the dulte' Canadian ranch. 'o Reason for Action Found After Review Of Evidence Is PHOENIX, July 16.

(P) Governor Osborn's attempt to remove L. C. Holmes and Lynn Lockhart, industrial commissioners, failed today when the State Supreme Court voided the ouster order and asserted it had received f-viderxe to suostantiaie rn charges against the officials. Tne riiU'I unanimous, in favor of and I.oekhart in a review of Hfr month-long ouster hearing conducted by the governor. khart anu me mini commission, T.

of ft. l' an -f. r- govern tor. bv C. of of i ay, malfeasance ami nonfeasance, i.r Holmes and and ex used IFous-a ru-ations had been I'.

Hvnn. secretary of Arizona State hPderauon 01 Labor, an'! George Coffin, I'hoenix business man. In rv governor's find- ti'f supreme court 1" hired tha "mere omissions and were not sufficient grounds for removal." Hoard Praised Threaded through the page opinion were comments commending the commission for the manner In which It had conducted its affairs. Word of the decision touched eff impromp'u celebrations in the iri'l'i'M 'I'd cum mission and highway commission offices, for it had rpen rumored that, if the was successful in the in-ci'is'rial commission case it would! move against the highway commis-f Although discussing point by the findings In Oshorn's of removal, the court mated 'he outset of its opinion that the ouster was Invalidated because The charges upon which it was based were too indefinite and uncertain. Charge Scoffed "Thev ffhe commissioners) were entitled to know in advance what thev were charged with in order fo prepare their defense," Justice Henry 1.

Ross wrote. "The charges do no' set. forth- the particular Tot'itful, negligent or unlawful rts if which petitioners (the commissioners) were supposed to be and. while common fairness that fhe-v be advised thereof in advance, the proceedings iitfme respondent (the governor, wis not one before a judicial tribunal, although he actually and exercises some of the t'l'ic'jotis of such a tribunal." The court then took lip individ-rali'v the ecti grounds on which nsh-rn ord-red removal from office, the first being that Holmes uh khart engaged in private Tins, the governor con- termed, wrote, 1 make -round -It Justice person rr.issjon. Vruj.Oi sr was contrary to law.

Ituinesc lNcnscil be noted." Justice Ross t' the statute does not conduct, if a fact, a for removal." hardlv be possible." Moss de, lared. "to find a it for the position of com-t who had no business or n. and one hardly a governor who would I-i a 1 court cvnlaintvi that the rro- against engaging "in any eci" i ion or business" meant that member nf the commission must nor cnergv and attention richtfuUv belong to the state to private affairs. Meaning Outlined Otherwise, the court remarked. iv one worth a whoop" would 'lie office of industrial nor." the charge that T.ockhart in political ae'ivitv on hp of former Gov.

linb Jones. was defeated hv Osborn the c-'n s-a! 1 "such activity or inter- is no ground for removal of a commissioner." The law. it point-d oc.t, merely forbids commissioners from belonging to committees of poh-ical parties. The governor's finding that Holmes and I.ockhart had failed to familiarize themselves with the orkmrn's compensation law" and foes cf the commission as to to efficiently perform their -t-s, was- disposed of hv the f'Xirt wj-, the statement that the required T11-, particular rr training for persons ap-' the commission. tiaborat ing.

Ross wrote: Training Lacking "In the life of the (industrial commission) law we have had no educated and trained in duties of such office, although personnel has changed many "tres. The commissioners have uniformly been selected from the of citizens of the state, not the basis pf their learning and cxTerience in administering law or work of a nature, but on the basis of isir general familiarity with the ople of the state and the activi- and industries thereof." that charges of ineffi-sncy were too general and infinite to constitute a basis for oval, the court asserted the of lrrernor e-roertvl ic Inrwdict ion in in is to if in the for a a will he to The official account of the Rotterdam raid said several squadrons of Blenheim bombers made direct hits "on many ships, including one vessel of over 13. OOO tons and a number of others between 2XX) and and caused heavy damage to warehouses and store. Of the four planes missing, two were "seen to liomb their targets," the communique reported. Resistance Strong Bombers and fighters striking out in a daylight attack on northern France reported meeting German fighters in forte over the English channel.

The Germans were declared to have made the move to strengthen the defense of their homeland and occupied territories against increasingly heavy British day and night assaults. The report seemed confirmed by increased fighter opposition to the British night raids over Germany as well as in the report of channel fighting today. Raids Watched Shore watchers on the English southeast coast saw RAF planes sweep across the channel early tonight apparently heading for targets between Calais and Boulogne. Then they heard a long burst of firing and a short time later British Spitfires were seen returning, apparently from combat. Low clouds and a mist overhung the Strait of Dover.

One German fjghter plane was shot down during a British raid over Germany Tuesday night, the air ministry said. The British attacked Duisburg and industrial targets elsewhere in the Ruhr valley, the ministry said, despite bad weather. Damage Reported The air ministry news service said the attacking Britons had to repel many interceptions and brave a sustained barrage, but nevertheless started "very considerable fires among industrial buildings" and "did great damage" with their explosives. A communique the British lost three planes. (P.erlin reported that a bombing attack on Margate said riive-dam- aged the mole and harbor ings).

bulld- DOUGLAS CLOSES MINERALS PACT War Important Contract Negotiated Between U. The government of the United States will purchase from the government of Mexico all the surplus minerals which the republic produces and which are not already under contract for sales to commercial companies in this nation, it was announced yesterday by Walter Douglas. Many foreign powers will, through the agreement, lose supplies of war-important minerals which they have been getting from Mexico. Walter Douglas was in Tucson yesterday morning on his way to York City from Mexico City after having successfully negotiated the agreement with the Mexican government. He signed the agreement with the Mexican officials.

Douglas represented the Y. S. department of state and the mineral resources corporation, a subsidiary of R.F.C. Strategic Minerals With this new agreement, the government win obtain all- surpluses of mercury, previously bought up entirely by Japan; of zinc, lead and manv another stra- tegic mineral important to war in dustries. Every high explosive shell carries a mercury can for de tonation.

Every brass shell is made of zinc and copper. "I am very optimistic about conditions in Mexico," said Douglas vesterday before leaving Tucson for New York City last night. "President Camaclio is making good progress and I feel that much American capital will go into Mexico." Retired Director The federal government has had the I'. S. Bureau of Mines combing every deposit in this nation to determine the extent of all strategic mineral deposits so the natural resources may be evaluated.

Several minerals the nation does not possess, as tin. and does not expect to find abundances of many others. Douglas has for many years been identified with mining and railroad activities in this country and in Mexico. He was general manager of the Phelps Dodge corporation, is ex-president of that copper company for which he is still a director, and he was for many ears chairman of the board and in active charge of the Southern Pacific of Mexico. He only retired from the railroad work in Mexico last year and returned to make his permanent home in Thoenix and New-York City.

He had been commuting between Mexico and his American homes for many years. ORACLE POSTMASTER WASHINGTON. July 16. John W. Iawson has been nominated by President Roosevelt for postmaster at Oracle, Ariz.

Belgian Fliers Get Away from Nazis In Old Training Plane By DREW MIDDLFTOV I.Of)OV, Spe-rial Xf- Service.) Two youthful Kelglan airmen are being hailed an heroes of one of the most daring exploits of the war after their escape to England in an old ningle motor biplane they reconditioned almost under the guns of German sentries. Demobilized from the Belgian air force when King Leopold capitulated before the German march last year, the airmen spent months seeking a way out of Belgium. Finally they found the obsolete plane for which they had searched. Once used as a Belgian army training plane. It was stored in a barn.

They found it at night by peering through a kejhole while German army sentries paced their beat 4oO yards away. Working by the light of a shaded flashlight, they took impressions of the lock and mad a keys. Once Inside they examined the plane and found it intact except for instruments which had been removed by the Germans. REGENTS TALK HOME PROBLEM Special Session Called for Saturday to Face Issue A special session of the board of regents of the I'niversity of Arizona has been called for 11 a.m. Saturday oy Albert M.

Crawford, president of the board. Crawford said yesterday, when reached bv telephone in his office Present t-. that the session will be to "discuss the Mansfield home purchase from all phases and standpoints." He feferred to the regents' dropping negotiations for the purchase of the Monte Mansfield home Tucson for as a residence for the university's presidents. Questioned as to whether Joe Conway, sta'e attorney general, had given an opinion as to whether the institution could or could not have entered into such a purchase. Crawford said "no opinions have been received from this Including Conway.

Hearing Hemanded In Tucson it. was learned that Mansfield and his attorney. Ralph V. Bilbv. had demanded a hearing before the board of regents, and that that was the reason Crawford had called the session.

The Prescott attorney said, however, that "there a possibility that Rilbv and Mansfield mav appear during the discussion of the whole matter. He indicated that if they wished to appear thev" might. Mansfield has threatened to sue the university and ask for a judgment against the school for dropping the negotiations. He also questioned the integrity of the regents for re leasing the Eldred Wilson house when the regents had not vet a legal opinion from the attorney general of Arizona. Home Needed Ouestioned as to all this.

Craw ford said that "obviously if Mans field should compel tne senooi purchase his home, it would have le done bv a lawsuit, wouldn't nd that would tae ume nm the meantime the president of school would have to have a place to live, would be not? So. naturally, we re-leased the home him, as the present lease expires August 1." It has been pointe! out that should Mansfield sue the university and even obtain a judgment against the school, it wouia ot-cessarv for the legislature to make special appropriation to meet any such judgment awarded by a court-Wires Sent c-sfni-dav session, only k- Minefield house situation will Hisnissexl. as is being stated in 1 telegraphic calls being issued to members cf the board. President Alfred Atkinson Is now vacationing in California, believed to he somewhere near Talo i.e. hot has left no forwarding address at the university Craw- ho believes Dr Atkinson be at the Saturday meeting "if can be reached." In the absence r- Atkinson.

leau McCormick of the acting president. law college is LOW BIDDER PHOENIX. July 16. (-P) A low-bid of S47.697.33 has been submitted the state highway department todav bv X. G.

Hill of Globe for sealcoating 39 miles of V. S. highway 60 between Showlow and Spfingerville and state highway 77 between Showlow and Hoibrook. i destruction large troop units nt moved to the rear In order- ARMY LISTS 14 PROJECT SITES Huachuca Named in New Preferential List For Expansion Port Hilar buca Is one of spe. cially selected sites for a jMisible broad expansion program of the war department.

Senator Catl 1 lav-den advised vesterd.iv via telegraph. Under a 1 Hi.nno congressional appropriation, approved last spring, preliminary surveys will be made in this regard. To date no funds have been appropriated bv Congress to set up expansion plans, luit the mrevs ill be made against such need in the further progress of the emergency. Seuator Hayden's tele gram follows: "Pleased to war has just dieating that been made by teen sites States which issued statement In-select ion lias now-general staff of four-throughout United will be surveyed In order to secure complete data be used in event it. becomes necessary to expand millMry training facilit ies.

"There is no money available at this time for use bv the war department for acquisition of land or for actual construction or development of anv one of the fourteen sites approved for investigation. Engineering survey and examination at this time will be made wih money provided bv the Congress this past spring in total amount of Si.yxHVioo and reports made available to the war department on the basis of these investigations Will onlv used if future developments in our national defense program recjuire expansion of existing facilities. "Port Huarhuca is one of the (Continued to Page 12. Col. 2) paign.

For i's has not been a or somewhere, high command case of anywhere, but a definite "there." Short Notice Anywhere on short notice js what always has been expected of our army. Instead of being in a position to surprise the enemy, our army has been accustomed to being taken by surprise by the sudden public command to rush off to an hitherto unforeseen objective. I on tne outbreak of tne panisn 1 w-ar the Philinnine Islands ere hardly a name to the average American. Two months later, in response to an outburst of public emotion, we had an army expedition on the way to the Philippines. Refore our entry into the first World war we were told by the Allies that our eeonorr.ic and financial aid would be enough to insure the victorv.

To in it we had to send 2.foo,0) soldiers to France. Within a year the army has had (Continued to Tage 12, CoL 2) secretary of Army Reasons for Keeping On Draftees Should Be Detailed fashion" and the Russians can not form a new line of defense. German reconnaissance fliers reported the Red armies. In retreat, were deteriorating into disorganized masses crowding and blocking roads to the east, DSR said. The agency added that it was indicated that Russian troops now "are onlv partially able to resist the constant German attacks." Guns Ietrojer! Germans reported tonight the destruction of a large Russian artillery concentration concealed in a hide-out south of Vitebsk in the gatewav to Moscow between the wide Dvina and Dnepr rivers.

The Russians were knocked out and several thousands of them were captured. German press dis-patches sai't. in a brief, bitterlv fought battle. Because of the large territory covered bv the two great armies, the dispatches explained, it is possible for the Russians to conceal large forces wn as these which are apt to attack the Germans by surpiise. The hizh command declared operations on the Russian front were "proceeding favorably, adding that the Germans bad repulsed rietpera'e Soviet counterattacks in several places "with Moody losses for the er.emv." Rail Objective The air force reported It was de.

voting much energv to bomhard- i ment of rail lines in the vicinity of Ienir.g.-ad and Smolensk, vital communications center on the way to the capital. Effective service over long sec'ions of thee lines will be impossible for many it was stated. To the south, where eommand has reported the the high Ger- mans closing In on industrial Kiev, capital of the Ukraine, the Germans were acknowledged to be encountering bitter resistance. German press and military commentators agreed that from a military point of view "the way to Kiev is but there -was no Indication as to whether actual occupation would be attempted within a ma'ter of hours or days, and it was acknowledged that the city' defense were highly effective. Rr COR.

FREDERICK PALMER ASHI X. July 1 fi (XAXA) Far from being kept under cover as a "secret peril" there are reasons for the army's call for the retention of the national guard and the draftees in service and removing the ban on the dispatch of troops outside the Western Hemisphere, which ought to have the widest publicity. We have the right to know the consensus of opinion of the men who command and direct the army and why the opinion is held. They are responsible for victory and that the lives of, our soldiers shall not be sacrificed unnecessarily in battle. Henry Ls stimson.

secretary of war, has said that we are preparing an army which we can send "anywhere." That is a large order. Anywhere can cover the globe. The German army has known just where it was going, the ground over which it had to fight, the problem ahead of it, in each cam- i IContinned to Pare 12. Col. 7).

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