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Military Expert Tells Of Strategical Steps Than Can Be Taken $T GEORGE HELPING ELIOT NEA Service SUff Writer <m Mllitkiy Affairs l-ONpON, Sept. 4.-^By Special y&bIe)..;-Hon-ever stoutly Hie British and Fifrich support the Poles 111 thp present warfare, It will take time for such aid to become effective. TOe Qehnans hope, therefore 1 0 ppt. ppland completely out before the jVfEteni pswers can give much aid, anri the)! attempt to negotiate peace with the Poles on the basis W the aecoinpllshed fact, of po- Ijind's' destruction. • '. ,'frj this situation, the Polish object is. to remain n going concern Until western help begins to be felt by (lie Germans. For this purpose he Poles must keep their army as n act as possible. They must, not ™ feions The, mmt (o j y Clipped of iJivin i no cllance Mapping Poland's Defence This map illustrates Geor e c Fielding Elipfs analysis of the strategy laid out by the German and Polish armies. mllllm >' were proceeding in Moscow, but the Po- llsh cfficlal attitude was that they y'ance. It does not include any desperate attempt to hold the C'jrridoi itself, for this would risk pinching off many Polish troops between German Pomeranla and East Prussia. Instead of this, the Poles intend to leave only a few rear guards In the corridor area. They have mined every road and' railway bridge in the Corridor, and the army will undoubtedly fall back to prepared positions farther in the rear. This retreating action, however, lias the disadvantage of enabling the Germans to announce early successes, which their propaganda department will greatly magnify. These early announcements, such as are now coming through, should not be given undue significance. CHIEF GERMAN DRIVE AIMED AT SOUTHWEST Germany's main and most dangerous attack is a drive against the southwestern area of Poland, with Katowice the first ebjective and Cracow the subsequent objective. The frontal attack from Broaltui toward Katowice appears to be talc- ing place on the basis of early reports. Tills will probably be supported by an atlnck of two columns frppi Slovakia, directed respectively on Katowice^ and,..Cracow. '" The Germafi'ofiject in these drives is to retain the mining and industrial region of Upper, Silesia, which was lost to Germany in the last v/ar. Eventually the Germans will seize the Galiciau oil fields. The advance toward Cracow might, if successful, develop into a further attack ou the new Polish industrial triangle south of Warsaw. . • In alt this southwestern region, Polish resistance may be expected to te stronger than in the defense of tlie Corridor. Katowice is in tlie heart of a congested Industrial region, nnd it may be difficult to defend because of the 'character of this district and its nearness lo the frontier. The development of a German offensive against Dzialdowa on the southern frontier of East Prussia, only absut 80 miles from Warsaw, may mark the initiation of a German attempt to rush a highly mobile force a spearhead of might make difficult any dependable deliveries. The Poles were firmly set against the use of Russian troops on Polish soil, nldtougli admitting the desirability of a certain amount of Russian air re-enforcement. Par more important, in their minds, appears what might be termed the "moral security" afforded by having a friendly Russia at their back MORALE DEPENDS ON BBITAIN, TRANCE "What effect this loss of moral security may have on the Polish morale is difficult to estimate but it is probable that it will not be very great if it becomes immediately apparent to the Poles that they are being supported by Britain and Prance .without reservation or stint. In judging tlie early reports of operations, it must be borne in mind that the Poles have 30 reserve divisions, a's well as the 30 active division.? of first-line troops. These active divisions are excellently equipped, and supported by 14 brigades of cavalry, trained not in the spectacular mounted charges of ancient days, but trained to fight on foot with modem weapons. Of the 30 reserve divisions, about half are from 80 to 90 per cent equipped, the others somewhat less so. . • ., , . . , In conclusion, it must be borne In mind that even if the Poles lose half their country to,the Germans .and are driven back to the Vistula they still have the fighting courage that enabled them to drive out the Russians in 1920, when over hall of their country was, lost to the invaders. Hold Funeral For Mother, Infant Son LUXOUA. Ark., Sept. 4.—Mrs. Car) Mitchell and her infant son were buried side by side today. They died Sunday afternoon at the Memphis Baptist hospital with the mother dying n few minutes after she had given birth to the baby (i-iio only lived a shorl lime. Mrs. Mitchell was admitted to the hospital Wednesday. The Rev. L. p. Fleming, pastor of the Baptist church, conducted the rites at the church and burial was made at Calhoun cemetery. • A native of Clarksville, Ark., Mrs. Mitchell, who was 20, moved to Luxora ten years ago. She is survived by her husband; four brothers, Chester, Truman, Oiiyy and Starlln Nijckols, and four sisters, Mrs. Othel Smith, Mrs. Ortha Crowe, Mrs. Zella Hnbburd and Mrs. Ethel Robinson. Swift Funeral Home was in charge. . . Claim Pemiscot Has Surplus Of Pickers CARUTHERSVILLE, Mo., Sept. 4 —With cotton picking seascn due to~ get underway In most sections of the county early next week Pemtscot farmers today joined in stating there was a surplus of pickers in most parts of the county. Particularly was this true in the vicinities around Braggadocio and Holland. opld Ol[} JO from out of state, are living hi tents in and around Braggadocio, all available houses having been taken up. Some aclivily lias been encountered from farm labor tmicnlzere, but their efforts are not expected to gain much headway, farmers stated. They are attempting to get the pickers lo strike for a wage of $1.25 per hundred, but due to the heavy influx cf transient pickers, farmers anticipate no trouble at all In securing enough pickers to harvest the crop at the long-time pre- va.'cnt wage of seventy-five cents per hundred. Usually, after the "green" or "heavy" cotton is picked, many farmers raise the price lo $1.00 per hundred for the dry cot- "m. A number of farmers arc already picking, and several gins htwe already begun operation at various points in the county. The picking season is beginning here at about the usual time of the year. mechanized -troops, toward Warsaw. Air bcmblngs of many Polish cities, including the capital, appear on the basis of early press reports to have been confined to military objectives, as the Germans claim. Great injury to Polish communications and industrial resources may thus be inflicted, but on the whole Poland does not present many attractive targets for bombers. Poland will therefore not be defeated until her army is decisively beaten and to a large extent destroyed—which will be uiSicult, indeed, in a country cut up by woods and lakes, devoid of good roads, and defended by tough peasant soldiers used to incredible hardships in their daily lives. These peasant soldiers arc well trained in the use ol arms and are capably commanded by excellent officers. POLAND NOT HELPLESS IK AIR WARFARE Mass bombing attacks on Polish cities may draw retaliation, as Poland is by no means helpless In the air, thcugh her air force is outnumbered four or five to one. • Tt is probable that much of the Initial German air effort has been against Polish airdromes in order to minimize the possibility of Polish air reprisals against German centers. One great Polish disadvantage, which is only partially offset by bad communications, bul which will hamper the invaders, is that western Poland offers no good natural defensive position short of the Vistula. Tliis means that the Polish defense must be a mobile defense, - evading pitched battles, seeking to delay and harass the invader to protect her vital industrial centers as much as possible. Along with this, the Poles must, of course, try to inflict every possible loss upon tlie Germans, and, above all, to keep the Polish army well organized until Poland's allies can make their efforts felt. When I left Poland on Aug : 17, qlcau;s , m crc wm be n , ne Ire , h| there were as yet no intimations cf cars of dead 'hoppers to be trans" the Russo-German pact. An e lo- ported to metfe1Cresting pace ••COURTS Eleven cases of public drunkenness In municipal court today showed an Increase in such cases over the weekend despite the fact that cotton picking season is not yet generally opened. During the fall months the cases of public drunkenness always Increase, court records show. Zedia Gaines and his wife, Gladys Galnes, were held to circuit court on charges of forgery and uttering. •Herman Clay, negro, who was arrested several days ago on a grand larceny charge following theft of some whiskey from the Stcwart- Robtnson Drug store, was ordered held to circuit court. 'Hopper Poison Piles Up PORT BENTON, Mont. (UP)-If as many grasshoppers are killed in this vicinity as the amount of poisoned bait set out for them indicates, there will be nine freight W. H. McAiee Dies At Memphis Sunday Night W.H. McAfee, who lived here for 12 years before he moved to Memphis in 1920, died at his home there last night. Funeral services will be held here Tuesday afternoon, two o'clock, at the home of his daughter, Mrs. E. W. Burks, 130 Dougan avenue, and burial will be made at Maple Grove cemetery. He is survived by his --wife, Mrs. Emma McAfee of Memphis; two «ons, W. B. and H. E. McAfee of Memphis, and Mrs. Burks. Lost Artesian Wells Hunted in Hawaii HONOLULU' (UP) —Two men, working under the U. S. Geological Survey,' have. a full time job attempting to locate the lost artesian wells on this island of Oahu. At least five abandoned wells arc believed to remain uncapped in or near Honolulu, through which millions of gallons of the island's most valuable water supply may be pouring away daily through hidden channels. Once localed, the wells are plugged with rock, concrelc and dirt as a measure of water conservation. Many of the wells were drilled in early days of the island's development, and no record left of their location. Port of Mobile Expects Brisk Trade With Peru MOBILE, Ala. (UP)—The port of Mobile anticipates Increased trade this fall and winter with Peru. Consul-General nntonlo Picasso of Peru, stationed at New Orleans, iias been conferring with the bureau of foreign and domestic commerce here regarding acceleration of trade. Mobile exports coal, southern pine lumber, iron and steel prod- uts to the South American nation. Peru sends alpaca hair, 'raw sugar and raw copper to Mobile. False Alarm An alarm in the Sawdust Bot- om, negro quarters, was answered >y firemen Saturday night but no Ire was found when firemen made he run. A law recently passed by the Pennsylvania state legislature provides for a rather stiff penalty If a motorist Is found driving a car with defective tires. Any driver found using faulty tires will be given 48 hours to replace x them. NU-WA Laundry-Gleaners Phone 180 For Prompt Laundry and Cleaning Serrlce COURIER NEtf.3 Pan's To South America Route Costly Venture In Lives Lost PARIS, Sept. i. (UP)—Ttvpiity ycur^ ni;o todny 18 young Frenchmen' sylth a dream Intmctyed an nlrllne—ri fnntastlc' airline jrtilcli extended nc'ross two ocenns, ii des- crl and hlgli luoimtnlns. Todny the Fiench government is qulclly clwervlng- Die ninilversnry of the creation of tlie Merino;*; IJne, the Alr-Prnnce nlrnmfl route frcjii Pnrl? to Dnknr nnd Natal, to R!o de Jni|Clro. Buenos Aires and Sail- ting?, elide.' ' . Jcnti Mermoz — Uie "Prench Uiidbcrgh" who visloned the line ^is .dead, lost ^omewhurc in the South Atlnnlic wll^i a'1oi\d of nlr- mnli In a landplnno De c . 1," 193G, but the Merino?, Line goes on. All Prance today iiubllshcd Its stntls- tlcnl report, for 1938 showing the line lust year carried more tlmn 5,500.000 letters between France, Morocco mid Scntli America, The planes ot this line'handled 2,782,- QOO letters southbound nnd 2,712,500 letters northbound. Flying nn old Breguel. XIV with single motor nnd two boxes nailed under the lower wing to carry Jimlls, the first p)nne on the Merino-/. Line wns limugtiriUcd from Toulouse for Rnbnt., Morocco. Sept I, 1919, piloted by Dldler Ehuirat cnrrylng n few hundred letters. II stopped at Barcelona, Alicante, Mnlflgn nnd 'TniiKlcr on the way Bedouins Killed Filers ' On Dec. i, 1910, the lino was pushed on to Cnsa"blnnca and delivered mulls in one day compared with four by bout. The next phase was to oiicn a line across the desert from Casablanca lo Dakar. Every plane which crossed was lost, and every pilot, who fell into the hands of the desert Bedouins was ransomed or killed. It was May, 1923, before this line was effective through to Dakar, and even then planes had to fly In groups of two or three for the protection of the pllcts because Arabs on the ground shot them down whenever they could,'nnd rifled the mstls. , Progress in pushing the Mertnoa Line southward wns costly. Eleven French filers went down in open- in? the line to Dakar. Hodler nnd Mhrly crashed and were killed Oct. 20, 1920; Gentium and Benas on Oct. e. 1020; Soi?not disaupeared Dec. 24, 1920-a black- list In that fateful year; Mercl and Gimrrlgiie Feb. 15, 1921; Stlcester, May 8.1921- Portal and Gaye Aus. H, 1921, nnd Mcchin July 20 1922. Eleven (lead In three years of pioneering. It wns. March 1, 192B, before the airmails were carried across the South Atlantic. Ocean Service in 1035 Tlie line became wholly nirmni! on a regular schedule '. when, the Santos: DuiiVon^ made •theTir.st all- air .transocenn' mall flight Jab. 5, : 1935, -and•since, thjil.timc plancV fly/regularly,.weekly, In-ench tflrec-; tlon. Prior ; ; (o that-Mermcz and' others had flown the ocenn. but not; on. regular.schedule,- nnd had marie sure It' was safe to fly the South Atlantic. In turn.: Mcrmsx and his crew of- four others dls- : appeared, without leaving a radio cull or [race. Nothing lias ever been found to mark the scene of their tragedy. Previously, -Mermoz 'had been forced down nnd taken captive by Moors In Spanish Tfnl, in May, 192G; Heine also had been captive of the unfriendly desert tribes twice, one time for five days in December, 1925, nnd again for four months In 1928; VIdal captured and ransomed twice nnt) as recently ns August, 192!), Holland and Costa were held for ransom five days. Pilot Erablc nnd his mechanic Pintado were captured nfter n forced landing, and when the desert gnnifster.s failed lo get ransom money they shot the filers on Nov. II, 1926. There was a young pilot. Gourp, who , on Ills first night across the unfriendly desert, was forced down. Both his legs were broken and he was pulling himself across the sands in search of water when lie was found by n desert caravan. The Arabs tossed him acrcss a camel without splinting nis wounds, and started for a village where they could send n ran- In Hot Water in Hollywood The njv ami Bf^fiUN, Sept. 1. (UP) number of radio sels In fxcludms'lhc former »,,„,„ Sudelenlaiul-lmvo Increased I 4.421,000 In 1833, wljr-ii HlllcrW •nine to power, to 11,420,000. lodn'y Approximately 8,000,000 pf )|if/ s ' ioU me capable of receiving (or* plgu stations. Although not. all of them are tuned In 'lo foreisn noivs bionrtcnsts nightly, it L, \, n LL .),JJ iillltons of Cleimnn jn<l!- --'•-••'-' 'xnctly how ninny H Is Troubled Hollywood career of Joan Manners, blond British actress, is Just that again. i m - mlgralioti service charges she has been in U. S. nine years on six-month permit. Last Juno Jpnn was jailed three days iifler above picl(ctlii(i net iii front ot sludio which employs her divorced husband, John Langnn som note. In iiileusc agony, he uncorked a bottle of phcnlc add and drank Its contents to kill himself, but could not die for several days, and his sufferings were terrible. Pioneering Costs Lives .In,that second piiasc of pushing the line southward, there was n grenl loll: DCS Pnllicres, Lassallc mid Morcuu; Lccrlvaln and DII- caud, Pivot, Gay, Gensollcn, Iler- .Ifltid, Leinuoreur. Mlngnl, Salvadon, Bury, GuiHolol, Brnugler, Slrvln, Jaladlcn, Marsac, Gerard, Garalos, Murier, Schench, Lccou- tiilcr, Bruyercrn Aubry, Hay rial, 1 Traverse, Languille, Vlllelard dc Laguerle, Bossard, Emlcr, Illguclle, Guyomnr and Rotg, all crashed and were .killed or disappeared along the unfriendly coast or.in the desert, where sandstorms were a frequent obstacle, ; Since then,'Air France has negotiated directly; with Hie desert Moors and n. friendship nnd good neighbor treaty hns been signed. They, 'convinced them the planes .were civil, not military, nnd since then, not n plane or pilot has been held for ransom. Mnny of France's best pilots have seen service on that, line. Fumed author, Saint Exupery, flew the malls over the African sector. Gulllaujnel, now chief pilot of the North Atlantic six-motor Lieutenant dp Vatsseau Paris, has flown the 'South Atlantic nearly a hundred times. Two-Thirds Of Scls Can Bring In Foreign Stalions . iawt to say-delltwrntcly listen' to "(lie oilier side ot l|i c story" evf iy nlptit from sirnsboujg. !,omloij, Moscow and olhi'v ncn : peniinn stations.' Before signing of (he Gominn- Sovicl non-iiBgressloii pnct it was jntliw dangerous lo 111110 ( n on Moscow. A few years ago foiif persons were sentenced to IOUK prison tcim.'i for listening ( 0 n ,,d ^u cussing (lie Moscow radio news The charge under wlilcli llu>y vci'c sentenced was"|nx'nriraU.qiv «f ilgh treason."- No Gorman radio set iab (lie Moscow station on'lls dial. H Is, of course, easy lo find )(, and svcry Gemum rtd|o fan knows hoWi o got It. ,••'.'. ' Oftlcl.ils Not t'oiictriKd Bul llic Propaganda Ministry is lot much disturbed about Ihls sllii- allon. i Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Goobbcls knows How linporliml » •ncllo Is for -the education of ' Die >co|)lo, especially for the tir-bnnn Jeople. The success of Ihc campaign "a radio In every household" Is licst hown by the vast increase of radio- owners. ' ' Tills hns mainly been achieved V propaganda but also uy (|,c p ro - hicllon of low priced "people's seta," The price of tlie "people's receiver" s $14. H Is n one-Uibo receiver and s only good for the recaiitlon of one or tivp stations, 'fills, naturally Is quite enough from the MM! pplnl of view, Th a main tiling i,s that the Germans can hear Adolf Hitler and other Nazi sweeties. Germans do not need to listen to Condon, Paris or other foreign sta- lions, the propaganda oli\clnls.' fed. However, some Germans scejn to be of n different opinion. Although It Is tmpcssible lo hear foreign slallons with the $H "people's receiver" It is possible lo purchase another • "people's receiver" for $27. A special ntlnchinoiiL for |hc radius to'some foreign stations. ' i Good Receivers Cost $35 H Is aitmltlcd, however, that tho majority of German radio listeners prefer scls with which they can pick up uny European station. Such a set costs on an nvernge nbout (95 The Ooniian press *jiya t) W (, ti lc reason is not RO much' tlic'wLsli to Ilslen to foreign stations but, the desire for high mmlcnl <i»nllty. Hut Gocbbcls believes tliat even n few million Germans listen lo foreign now broadcast,-; every day It Is sllll belter for every one to "live n radio, Tlicy Ilslen only 15 miwitM to these broadcasts but on Ihe other Imnd they will tune In on pvery Hitler, dewing or Gocbbels spwcli. Most ufllK- lime they will listen (o oi-i-mmi stations and can (mis be m<ulc-1f Ihcy nrcii't'al- ready—gooil nntlonal socialists despite (he foreign news broadcast. If the foreign news reports should become- loo dangerous in Gocbbcls' opinion, as might be the cnse in lime of war, nil big radio sets probably will be confiscated and the $14 • people's receiver" will be Riven in return. Astoria, Ore., Loses Historical Distinction SPOKANE, Wiish. (UP) — Con- Irnry lo popular belief, Astoria, Oio., mis not tho first white settlement In (he Pacific Northwest Records show that Spokane House, n ftir-lrndltiK post, held the distinction .since It was established n ycnr curlier. Utivld Thomson B Uui«l Spo- kiuic House In 1810 for llic North West company nnd mlsctl (ho Drll- Ish Hag over the post. Two years later the Pacific Fruit company erected a post tin ctishtli of n mile uway. Over Ihls post «n American Hag was unfurled. The American foothold nt thnl pointiwns sutil to have hud mi Important bearing on the location of the Canadian-United Stales boundary line In this region. Both (lie British and American posts played a colorful pnrt In pioneer, history of Ihe Northwest. » W. P. Lowering Of Luxora Dies Sunday LUXORA, Ark., Sept. 4-W P Lowoilns ,n resident of t.uxoru for inany jcars, died at his home here Sunday afternoon. He had'fceen 111 for more than u year. Bom Jan. 7, 1815, in Lauilerdale County, Tcnn., he came to Arkan- m when n years old and had spent the remainder of his life at Luxora Funeral services were held Oils' morning nt Cnllioim cemetery with' lhe,Jiev. ruilledue, pastor of the Assembly of God church, oindat- '»& H<; Is survived by his wife' and two BODS, 'oil of Luxora. Read Courier News want ads. PRESCRIPTIONS Freshest Stock Guaranteed Bout Price* Kirby DIUK Stores Tmnlilors Ivk It anil Crew HONOLULU, T; H. <up)-nomi repair work In the volcano country hns Us .special hazards. AHcv •working all morning to repair a crack near the Aloi Grater, Island of Hawaii, crewmen returned nfler Iimcn mid dtscovcrcil u slight cniihciuake hud 0]wncd Ihe crack Iwo feet and extended it 20 feet In depth. • Dr. M. L. Skaller ANNOUNCES THE OPENING OF HIS NEW OUNIO ON THE 2ml Floor of The 1st. Natl. Bunk Bklg, Tax Collector Wonders Over Offhand Remarks ST. JOSEPH, Mo. (UP)—Jim Wells, collector of Buchanan county, was receiving a tax payment from a woman when her small child noticed the scores of county candidates' campaign pictures that covered the walls. "Whose pictures are they, mother?" tlie child asked. "Oh," said tlie taxpayer without looking up, "Just a bunch of outlaws." TERMINIX TERMINATES TERMITES BRUCE-MEMPHIS SAVE YOUR SOYBEANS MASSEY-HftRRIS 3 POINT CLIPPER COMBINE Full 6-foot cut. Full width, straight through separation. Power take-off or motor driven. Easy (<, rms arranged. See us about a illassey Harris Clipper Combine BLYTHEVILLE SOYBEAN CORP. So ' R - R -St Phone 555 DOES YOUR CAR Shimmy, Wander, Weave WEAR AWAY YOUR TIRES? It's dungrrons nnil cMtonvive lo ilrlvc with Stccrlnif Oe.ir ami Front Wheels out or ad[iist- iimit. Keening Ihcm In u&od onlcr IH so simple anil Inexpensive you sliouli! never trim (o clmiici's, ADJUST STEERING GEAR COMPLETE SIEEHWG GEAR ADJUSTMENT, m - clmllng— iMjmtiiiGHl nf all Hull Socket Joints — tightening front SiirliiK Clips and Shack- Ifs. (i'arts Kxlrn). FREE FRONT END INSPECTION (The ntiovo Inclufles iv complete INSl'KO'riON and KEI'OU'f on condition of Wheel Alignment mid factors ftffcctinj (Ire wear.) PHILLIPS MOTOR CO. 5th & Walnut Pliune 810 GENERAL ELECTRIC BELIEVES THIS TO BE The Finest Refrigerator Ever Built! «ND G-E PRICES FOR: f 39 ARE LOWEST IN HISTORY tn « «w 1939 G-B! Ir/i high, wido and hand'jpme! Ja^-packed with new value, new features, new convenience. It'j built for keeps-nothing experimental about it-both your food and your investment are safe in the General Electric. 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