The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 2, 1953 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, January 2, 1953
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS —— tm ^*^ Blytheville Daily N BIylhevIIle Herald VOL. XLVIII—NO. 237 Mlssiisippi Valley L«adw Blythevllla Courier &•<'' ;^V'/• J'. :• ,' v«< -T, ' : POMWANT HEWtPAPEH or KOIiTmAST ARKAN»A» AND .QUTHEAST MISSOURI BLYTHEVILLB, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, JANUARY 2, 1953 TEN PAGES Judge Denies Rosenbergs' *ClemencyAppeal Convicted Atom Spy Team Face <! Execution Jan. 11 ^; NEW. YORK </p)—A federal judge ;;\*iH >dil y denied an appeal to save the j-rt'atom spy team of Julius Rosenber<- :>:,t;and his wife, Ethel, from death :f ' In the electric chair. The denial was made by Federal Judge Irving R. Kaufman after hearing a clemency plea for the two. They are in sing Sing prison, .scheduled to die the week of Jan 11 Kaufman said in denying clem-' • ncy: "I still feel that their crime was worse than murder." The Rosenbergs' only appeal now Is - to the While House. If President Truman should stay the execution, the case might become Presidentelect Eisenhower's re- sponslbimv because oMhe Jan 20 • inauguration..,... When the Rosenbergs' attorns; ...Emnnuel H. Bloch. learned of the 3- rt-.ciE.ion he said he would bt»ln c taking immediate steps to appeal lon'lAVhite House clemency and - Would visit Judge Kaufman today J./'to 'arrange for a stay." •»" --{Taufman, who sentenced the couple to death, said in his opinion: "I have meditated and reflected long and difficult hours over the sentence in this cas'e. I have studied and restudled the record and . I have seen nothing, nor has anything been presented lo me. to cause me toe hange the sentence originally Imposed. I still feel that their crime was worse than murder." Convicted In The Rosenbergs were convicted by a jury March 29 ,1951, for conspiring to transmit atom bomb data to Russia. The U. S. Supreme Court already • this week their attorney went be- Tlw U. S. Supreme Court already has refused to Intervene. Earlier this week their attorney went before Kaufman and made an impassioned appeal for clemency. r After me'ditatln^ over lhat plea See ROSENBr-Ulr.S an Page 5 Inside 'Today's Courier Ne>vs & t ...Chfcfcs tilay Leachvllle In ^>NEA semi-finals loday.. Sports - ...Page 7... ..Your income lax primer Page 10... ...Society news .Fage l... Markets.. .Page 5... * CI ^ OFUCIAIS TAKE OATHS - Two of Blythevill™ It" offL cials for 1953 are shown being sworn In by Municipal Judge Graham. Sudbury. Newly-elected City Attorney Elbert Johnson (left) and re elected City Clerk w. I. Malm (center) take oaths of office in City Hall courtroom this morning. (Courier News Photo) 11 More US-UN Employes Are Listed as 'Doubtful' By G. MILTON KELM' WASHINGTON (AP) - The Stale Department has named 11 U S citizens on the United Nations payroll as persons It bell ' ' - - ' •- .sieves are "Communists or under Communist discipline." The Senate internal security subcommittee yesterday made public Ihe list. Along with the names of 27 others who have been dropped from the U. N. payrolls on similar security charges. The development came in the midst of a controversy oyer a proposed new federal grand jury investigation of alleged Communist Infiltration of ihe U. N. aired by House investigators. Secretary of state Acheson testified before a House judiciary subcommittee Wednesday conceding that btate Department loyalty March of Dimes Drive Launched Missco's Quota For Porlio Drive Is Set at $15,000 The 19 0 3 March of Dimes cam Paign to raise funds to fight infmi- ''-County today The drive aimed-at i goal of Weather Arkansas Forecast— Cloudy to partly cloudy and colder this after- fu* noon; fair 'tonight and Saturday- colder tonight with lowest 20 northwest to 30 southeast. Missouri Forecast—Mostly clear west and decreasing cloudiness east tonight; colder; Saturday generally fair, colder southeast and east central: little change In temperature elsewhere; low tonight 10-15 northwest, 25.southeast; high Saturday 20s northwest, 30s southeast. Minimum this morning—30. Maximum yesterday—48. Sunrise tomorrow—7:07. Sunset today—5:01. . Precipitation 24 hours to 7 a m — 1.58. ' ' Total precipitation since January J—.03. * Mean temperature (midway between high and low)—39. Normal m«an temperature for January—39.9. This Dale Last year Minimum this morning—63. Maximum yesterday— 79. Precipitation January 1 lo this date— .18. ' - oa o j>loC(K) vull continue through Jar Mayor Dan Blodget today Issued a proclamation setting aside January for the March of Dimes drive Elbert Johnson of Blytheville county campaign chairman, today announced community quotas Blytheville has been assigned a quota of 50,500. Osceola's goal is S3 000 each have been assigned Manila and Wilson. Other community quotas include- Arnwrel $200, Bassett 5150, Burdette $250. Dell $300, Dyess $100 Etowah $100. Frenchman's Bayou S150, Joiner $600, Keiser $400, Leach- villc $600, Luxora S250, Hoielaild S100, Victoria $100, West Rio>e Sioa and Yarbro $150. Race Commission Asks tor Bids on St. Francis Track LITTLE ROCK UPJ-I n defiance pi Gov. McMath. the Arkansas Racing Commission today advertised for bids for n St. Francis County . horse racing track. The Commission specified that a the bids would be opened at the January 15 meeting of the group. McMath had removed seven memhcrs of the Commission on grounds that a December meeting at which the Commission sanctioned the new track was closed, In violation of state statute. The Commission look the action after Atty Gen. Ike Murry's office held today that members of the Commission still legally, hold their offices until their successors are appointed and qualified." checks on U Ache on Job applicants access. evc r that nafionil secuntj had not been endangered by this, but' that the nation's prestige had suffered "a black eye.'.' ., ! A State Department memorandum, released by the-interna! security 'subcommittee 'yesterday, said 11 Americans remain on U. N payrolls although the department has told the U. N. they are considered to be of "Communist identification." They were names as: Weinlraub Denied Charge David Weintraub, director of the U. N. division of economic stability and development; Henry S Bloch, Abraham Nadel, Irene Pogorelsky, Hhoda Rastoff, Anna Rubinstein, Lena Spiegel (Abraim- Rossman), Evelyn Thaler (also named as Evelyn Stern), DImltry Varley, Marshall Wolfe and David Zablociowski. The 11 were' named in a memorandum made public over objections of John p. Hickerson, assistant secretary of state, who cautioned that the State Department could have erred by wrongfully naming some persons or by fail- Ing to mime some who should be named. He emphasized lhat none of the adverse reports was based on sworn testimony, and that those named had been given no hearings. Weintraub angrily denied he was a Communist or had ever engaged In any disloyal or subversive activities and said he had so sworn under oath to both the federal grand jury and the McCarran committee. "These statements and accusations are outrageously false." he declared. Zablodowsky said he would have no comemnt on the new charges. Others on the list could not be Sec U.N. on Page 5 Holiday Highway Toil Mounts; Now at 130 By The Auociateii Fret* Traffic accidents led the list In the nation's mounting toll of violent dea(h» over the New Year's holiday. Allied Raiders Hit Red Position Near Bunker Hill 45 Communists Killed or Wounded In Brief Skirmish By JIM BECKER SEOUL «_Allied raiders furiously attacked a Chinese Communist position near Bunker Hill on the Western Korean Front. Ihen withdrew early today. The U. s. Eighth Army said the raiders killed .or wounded an estimated 45 reds in abilter hour- and-a-half rifle and hand grenade battle before racing back to their own lines. On the Eastern Front, crackling Allied rifle and machine gun f)c halted seven thrusts by North Korean Communists In sub - zero weather today and yesterday. The probing Red units. ranging up to 70 men, were tossed back northeast or the punchbowl area 20 miles 'from the east coast. '! | Artillery Support Heavy artillery barrages supported the Reds. The -Communists probed Allied positions at three other spots _ two in the center and one in the west. The temperature dipped to six de- zero In the central grees below sector. , The. Filth Air Force said B-26 bombers destroyed five Communist locomotives during night strikes for the second straight night. Allied planes shot up 30 box cars and 40 supply vehicles. Fighter-bombers pounded Communist frontline and supply; positions. / F-BO Jets, diving to only 20 feet above-the .ground; .sealed a tunnel by'" skipping-,bombs. into, the . entrance.' .. -, No Communist, jets were encountered along MIG alley. ' Die fatal mishaps on the hf e h way were running behind the rec ord mark set in last week's ex tended Christmas holiday mil nearly three full days of the New year's holiday remained. Traffic, accidents claimed at leasl 130 lives compared to more thor the same time In Ihe Christ mas holiday. Sixteen persons los their lives in fires and 21 others were killed, in various types accidents. The 173 violent dealhs reportcc from 6 p.m. Wednesday to earlv today compared to 214 in the same period of the Christmas holiday. Traffic fatalities soared to a rec ord high 55o during hist week's four-day Christmas holiday. There were 744 accidental dealhs. The violent death toll for th four-day New Year's holiday las year was Oil, Including 375 in trof flc mishaps, 69 in fires and 167 li miscellaneous accidcnls. •110 Deaths Predicted The National Safely Council has estimated traffic accidents will kil 410 during the New Year's holl day period ending at midnight Sun day. Fatalities on the 'highway averaged 102 every 24 hours in the first 11 months of 1D52. This figure Included deaths which occurrec days or weeks after the victims were Injured. Dealhs by slates, listing traffic fires 'and miscellaneous: Alabama 0 03; Arizona 500- Arkansas 200; California 14 C 2 Colorado 002; Florida 300- Georgia 401; Illinois 8 1 l;»in cllmia 200; fowa 200; Kansas 100 Kentucky 2 o 1; Maine 0 1 0 Maryland 2 0 0; Massachusetts 301; Michigan 511; Minnesota Missouri 4 0 0; Montana Nebraska 010; Nevada 200; New Hampshire 1 0 1; New Jersey 201; New Mexico 200 New York 642; North Dakola 1 00; Ohio 16 2 1; Pennsylvania 10 'i 0; South Dakola .2 0 1; Tennessee 4'0 0; :Texas 9 1 5; Utah 1 0 O.- Vermont o 1 o; Virginia 6 o 1 0- Washington '2 1 4; West Virginia 100; Wisconsin 300. Bank Deposit Total Rises Here in '52 Total bank deposits for 1952, listed In figures released today by Blytheviile's two banks, show an Increase over 1951 totals of $227,109.78. Total deposits of both banks for the past year were $18859,830.11. - Farmers Bank and Trust Company showed an Increase with a 1952 total of $10,481,589.44 compared to the 1951 figure of $9,507,- 88B.32, while the First National Bank deposits decreased frocn 59.124,834.01 In 1951 to $8,318,240.67 In 1952. Air Base Funds On Engineers' Spending List BIylhevllIe's $11.602,000 air base Is included in the $36.451,000 the U. S. Army Engineers will spend In Arkansas during 1953. Col. T. J. Hayes, head of the Little Rock office, this morning released the district's expenditures for 1953. On his list were the Blytheville base and the $23,749.000 Jet bomber base In Pulaskl County. Better and More Deadlier Arms Give Armed Forces More Striking Power, Lovett Says By ELTON C. FAT WASHINGTON Wl—Better standard arms and deadly new ones— from faster Jet warplancs and mightier aircraft carriers lo atomic warfare—are giving fiercer striking power to an American armed force'unchanged in size. That Is the picture presented directly and indirectly, in a semiannual report of the defense establishment issued last night, a report which showed manpower strength static at 3,600,000. In his portion of the report, Secretary of Defense Lovett wrote soberly of the difficulties arising from rising costs for arms, of production problems stemming from various causes Including strikes and of the need lor a continued ilgh level of draft calls to keep he strength of Ihe army up. , But, in a look back over Ihe two years of what he termed mobilization, he said the ~u. S. "Increased rts actual and potential military strength lo a level partial which should give pause to even the most reckless aggressor." Flat Statements The accompanying reports of the Army, Navy and Air Force secretaries presented some flat statements and some Interesting hints of the weapons the services have or are developing and the train- Ing for their use. Secretary of the Air Force Pin- letter told of greater combat readiness in atomic warfare, ot new planes in use to counter an enemy atomic attack as well as the belter known aircraft delivery of for American bombs In a counterattack should Russia make war. He wrote of work toward the eventual development of nuclear power to fly planes, a project that could give a bomber virtually unlimited range. More Carriers Secretary of the Navy Kimball put Into his report word that the Navy has raised Its goal for ihe 60.000-ton, Forrestal class carriers, of which It ia now building two! Until this rejort, Klmball had talX- ed of the need for building a toUl Se* LOVETT on of 10 of the Hush - deck flatlops capable of handling the heavy Jet planes now In use or in design But now Kimball said lhat "based on current world conditions, a minimum of 12" of the supercarrlcrs are needed and that "construcllon should commence Immediately." Secretary of the Army Pace said the Army Is developing "Its own methods of delivery of atomic lire- power" to supplement the nuclear bomb support lo be given by planes of (he air force and «avy. He mentioned the 280-millimeter gun which the Army claims is capable of firing atomic shells. And he commented that "The Army is developing: a family of missiles which are designed to carry high explosive or atomic warheads well beyond the ranges ot existing artillery weapons." Lovett renewed a plea for a reshuffling of the structure of the defeat department. Ife said the department organization Is outmoded and blamed "excessive rigidity" In Murder Charged !n Child's Deal Step-Mother Says Girl Was Beaten Before She Died DES ARC, Ark. W) — First degree murder charges were filed here last night against the foster parents of a 5-year-old girl, whose battered body was recovered from a water-filled rain barrel Prosecutor J..B. Reed filed ihe charges against, James W. Head 42, and his wife, Mrs. Linda Head 33, after Mrs. Head admitted under questioning that the child was bent- en prior to her death. Whereabouts of the foster father arc unknown Or. Anderson Ncttleshlp, slale medical examiner, said Mary died by drowning-. Sheriff E. O. Hamilton said the foster mother, who previously had claimed little Mary Wolfe died of natural causes", told officers ycs- lerday that her husband beat the child with a leather strap, then hid her In 'a chest at Ihclr farm home near here. Rccci said today from his Lonoke Ark., home that he would return to DM Arc this afternoon In an attempt to arrange an inquest with Dr. Netlleshlp. "We know that It was murder," Reed said, "so a coroner's Jury verdict Just will be routine." • At Little Rock. .District FBI Chief M. W. McParlln said his office had been called into the case. "One of our agent? Is In that area and fee See MURDER on I'lgc 5 Car and Train Collide Here A car-train wreck at Ash street and the railroad this morning resulted In damage to a 1048 Pontiac driven by Vera Ferguson of SOS South Franklin Street. Officers Fred Hodge and Willie Hopper Investigating reported that Mrs. Ferguson, going west on Ash said she did not see the Frisco train though Conductor vf. L. Shuford was nagging traffic at the Intersection. The car was damaged on the left side when it was struck by the train wo Injuries were reported. 2 Forfeit Bonds In Traffic Cases Three cases of driving while intoxicated and one of carrying a pistol as a weapon were heard In Municipal Court this morning. Bonds were forfeited on drunken driving charge by William Olldwell. $121.25, and John Conglln, $111.33 A similar charge against E. R. Jones was continued to next Friday. Lee Nevels entered. a plea of guilty to charge cf carryin a pistol as a weapon and was fined $50 and costs with 435 suspended during good behavior on recommendation of the prosecuting attorney. SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Solo ns Get Ready for Opening Of 83rd Congress Tomorrow By JOHN CHAIHV1C K WASHINGTON t,B _ Senators and House members called party conferences today to choose leaders for Ihe 83rd Congress nmldst the threat of a dlslruptlvc fight over Senate rules. Except for the fight promised on opening. day. tomorrow, the new Republican Congress promises (o he peaceful for months. ' The filling of the principal lead- ership posts In the new aop- *„ .1 j ,-,-i-un- *-4v*i rig/iis measur rolled Congress, convening vj days legislation to death Overshadowing the aelecllon of leaders was a move to • force a rewriting of Senate rules nt the oulset of tho session. The aim: device for talking IkeAidesConfident Of Guts in Budget By MARVIN* L. ARIIOWSMITH NEW YORK (AP) — The incoming Eisehower administration already Is at work trying to find ways to cut Ihe federal budget which President Truman will submit to Congress next week. Pi'csidonl-elect Elsenhower's fis-t cal specialist reportedly arc con-. fident some reductions can be f J £ /* I I nade. but are EuardlnE HEainst Pnn fjl I flntrftlC Asked by Group House Committee Tells New Congress Price Rises Unlikely WASHINGTON I,P,- Price, wage and materials controls should be abandoned and prices are unlikely to rise if this Is done, the House Small Business Committee told the some reductions can be .-, but are guarding against my talk of big slashes. The proposed budget which goes lo Congress n week from today •111 be solely the work of Ihe Truman • administration, which hands ivor the government lo the Ktscu- iiowcr regime Jan. 20. The document deals .with spending for Ihe fiscal year starting .July 1. Although the budget total won't be announced officially until Truman sends it to the Capitol, there has been speculation the spending estimate is around 80 billion dollars. Dodge Is Informer Elsenhower has' been kept formed 1 of the outgoing administration's budget planning through report-s submitted to him by De- irolt banker Joseph M. Dodge, the general's p re-inauguration representative in the Budget Bureau. Those reports arc the basis for the confidence of Elsenhower aides lhat some culs can be made. But, is. GOP congressional leaders also -lave slated, Ihcy feel there probably will be no substantial reductions In.federal spending until the fiscal year starting July 1, 1954. Among- thpse. on;the Presidentelect's: calling f list .were George Yeh, the Chinese ambassador, to the United Nations, and John'-Toster Dulles, seoretary ol state-designate. .-.. McLaln On List Elsenhower's appointment list also included Lt. pen. Raymond 3. Mclialu "and six Others." McLain is a member of the National Security Training Commission which endorses a plan to give military training to 40,000 youths In the 18-year age group. The plan was rejected by the House of Representatives last March, In Washington last night It was reported that another Elsenhower visitor today would he Adin. Thomas C. Klncald, another member of the training commission. Elsenhower has said In the past that he favors training. universal military Ferguson to Try His Bill Again WASHINGTON MV-Sen. Ferg'u- n (R-Mich) said In a statement today he will relntroduce anti-lynch and anti-poll tax bills In the new Congress starting tomorrow. He has of-crcd the bills at prev , - "•—' " v i"v>- iimi-compcLH on pract ces and snt?. hr«r toh ™ °°;K "°> *?_•«• -^.^W'.M new Congress. The committee's recommendations- were contained in IN two- year report yesterday winding up its business for Ihe 82nd Congress. The committee ot six Democrats and five Republicans, one of Ihcm Rep. -Clmrles Halleck of Indiana, incoming Republican floor leader, was unanimous In saying controls could be dropped without price rises. It 'said decontrol would help provide n smooth transition "back to free competition." .*. u 'i? lc i ™ m ,"i"lcc asser led "'there Hurt bdcn yineptltiiab" ami •'*?• (erioratton in the caliber of per- -sonncl" in the present emergency control agencies, lulling prices the committee continued, showed chat decontrol could be accom- tlon. It recommended some provision lo permit presidential | m . position of a limited price freeze in any future emergency. No Date Set The committee set no decontrol dales except to say steel allocations should be terminated by Ihe end of March and aluminum and copper decontrolled as soon as possible. Wage, price and rent controls expire under present law April 30. priority and allocation rules for scarce materials June 30. The committee said the percentage of defense contracts awarded lo small firms had dropped steadily since the Korean War started and the Department of Defense had not been effective in reversing the trend. It suggested a centra civilian agency lo do Ihe depart ment's purchasing. The federal trade commlssioi was criticized for "weakness" in protecting small business fron anti-competition practices and sug civil rights measures and other i !ead- fllors turns thumbs down on the proposal, any chance for success will vanish. He said he was hopeful that ths OOP conference woidd not lake n would leave It up to Individual Republican senators to vote as they pleased when the Issue Is put before the Senate. Republican Senate leaders demanded a full discussion of the matter at their party conference but declined to predict what the outcome might be. If (hey should 'decide lo get behind (he plan, however, they would he slapping fl i the very start of the new Congress against Southern Democrats with whom they have worked closely in the past nnd whose support they may need in the session ahead. One-Vote Margin As It Is, the Republicans will have only a one-vote margin In tho Senate. The lineup will be 48 Republicans, 47 Democrats and one Independent, Sen. Aforse of Oregon Morse has said he will vote with the GOP, win, wh i cn I)e S pj jt dur . ing the presidential campaign, on senate organization. Sen. Russell of Georgia, leader of Southern Democrats, has denounced t)ie rules-change as "g'oon squad tactics" mid said that Senale approval would shatter unbroken precedents of 160 years. He and oilier Southern senators have relied for years on the filibuster to block fair employment practices legislation and such other, civil rights measures as anti-poll tax and anil-lynching bills. At (he conference of Republican senators. Sen. Taft of Ohio was unopposed for post of majority flooj- leader. Thus to Elsenhower- er R chief rival for the GOP presidential nomination will go Ihe Job of guiding the new administration's legislative program through the Senate. • • Sen. Millikin of . Colorado was slated lo be continued as chairman of the GOP conference and Sen. Bridges of New Hampshire to be selected for president 'pr6 tern of the Senate. Knowland'to Get Post : Similarly, Sen'. Knowland ot California was ticketed for chairman of Ihe Senate Republican Policy Commutes despite pushed If tax, spending and ced[ fa* th^T" 1 '^ 8 de8plta S ™ 8 r,°'' C "?. "I"" <° "«•-• ""'- !gan m" hfbk^r, 5 ™,°' A " Ch : lion. XKW YEAR'S 1MIIY - John Paul Beard, who was the first baby born In a hospital here at the opening of .the new year, Is shown with his mother, Mrs. Bill Beard, as he sleepily tolerated a photographic Intrusion on his morning nap at Walls Hospital today. John Paul arrived at Z;V! a.m. yesterday. Mr. anti Mrs. Beard, who reside at, 3313 Birch, have two other sons. (Courier News Pholo) Igan might be puf "forward "as' i candidate. On the House side, Republicans were called together to name Rep. Joseph Martin of Massachusetts for speaker and Rep. Hallcck of Indiana for majority floor leader, the opening session, ngton observers agreed, the new OOP Congress can be expected to approve most measures Eisenhower asks for—at least for a honeymoon of several monlhs. At the conference ol House Dem- ocruls, Rep. Rayburn of Texas, the present speaker, was without opposition for the post of Democratic floor leader In the new Con- Another Texan, Sen.' Lyndon Johnson, was slated to be chosen SIM: CONGRESS on Page 5 UN Sets Reds Straight on Truce Zone MUNSAN, Korea' W 1 ,—The United Nations truce delegation today "set. the record straight" on a long series of Communist charges that Allied warplancs are flying over neutral Pnnmunjom In violation of an agreement. Col. William B. Carlork. senior Allied liaison officer, x'ent to Pan- munjom and handed the Reds a letter reviewing agreements on neutrality. The pact says planes will not fly over neutral zones, except unrter weather and technical conditions beyond U. N. control. This w.u the case on the Doc 26 Red protest, the Allies said. Oarlock also reminded the Communists of "costly measures used to Insure pilot recoqnition" of Pan- mtmjoni. These Include four balloons, a searchlight and radar observation. The Allied spokesman noted that the Reds had alleged 27 overflights since Oct 8 hut said not one Involved a hostile net of any klntl and investigation proved many ot the alleged violations never occurred. LITTLE LIZ— II s getting so people hove to hurry bock from iLnxh to get to the office in Kme lo go out for coffee, „„,.

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