The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on September 2, 1939 · Page 3
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 3

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Saturday, September 2, 1939
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Page 3
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|^y,_ SEPTEMBER 2 , 1939 Their Job To Stop Bombers Bombers Effectiveness Lessened By Improved Defensive Weapons Now BY PAVL MANNING -NEA Service Staff Writer Thousands of airplanes dropping their deadly high-explosive bombs as they suddenly roar In a full-out attack over Paris, Ixuidon and Berlin Is one thought which has disturbed Europe's peace of mind during the past weeks of the war crisis. But because anti-aircraft guns have improved tremendously since the World War this threat may .not be so deadly as some military theorists claim. : For although airplanes can now fly three times ns fast, ten times as far and twice ns bleh with twice the load as they could during tlie World War, anil-aircraft lire is today so effective that uny Plane flying below 12,000 feci m good weather over a fortified cltv Industrial center or munition dump will be downed in less than llfteen NO AIR DEFENSE IS INFALLIBLE That Germany is counting on the new-found deadliness of the anti-aircraft gun in any coming war for protection, while (he bulk of her airplanes are flylm* in counter-attack, is to be judged by the statement of her military defense experts thai "the mo rc than 400 anti-aircraft batteries guarding Germany will annihilate enemy airplanes before they leach Berlin." No defense however can be 's- tabllshed that will enable a country to say flatly that enemy airplanes cannot pass, u. s. mililn-v experts believe. Judging by the performance of German anti-aircraft guns In Ihe recent. Spanish war, G e r m a n Prench and English anti-alrcipfi batteries will be sufficiently acui rate to drop a big percentage of enemy bombers before they reach their destinations SPAIN A PROVING GROUND FOR GUNS For tlie AA guns which Germany sent to Spain for a brief period for trial by German crews—who guarded them against inspection by anyone, including Franco's officers—repeatedly dropped Russian bombers winging along at 200 m p. h. at 13,000 feet. The most effective German antiaircraft guns are a double-barrel- ed gun, and a J light-machine gun which' firesJbeloW'the high range of their--more powerful 3-inch weapon. Their 3-inch gun is good but is • outclassed by the 3-inch guns of the United States which can fire eighty to one hundred aimed rounds a minute to 25000 feet.. The most sensational anti-aircraft gun in Europe today is reported to be owned by Sweden. An 88 mm., mobile piece turned out in moderate quantities by the Swedish Bofors plant, it performed beautifully on Irinl for the Germans in Spain. The British, however, more than a year ago stepped in and outbid the Germans for the total output. British military observers say tlie gun has an effective range up to 30,000 feet. • French and Polish guns are good, but Poland has too few fov adequate protection, while Pari- fiians would probably feel much safer if more anti-aircraft, batteries were between Paris and tlie borders. BOMBING TECHNIQUE CONTINUES FORWARD Weather is the stumbling block for both anti-aircraft units and bombing planes. To get an airplane's range an outpost officer must first, get the initial bearing through a high-powered telescojw. If the visibility is zero there is no nccuracs'. But by tiie same token n bomber can not bomb with accuracy unless it can sight the target. The anti-aircraft improvement In fire, whereby airplanes can be driven lo 20,000 feet over key zones, means that the bomber has )ost some of its military deadliness. But aviation has countered the challenge by developing new London Is ringed these mobile Ihree-ineh ..... ,-,,,,, 1IU , Eims which can (rave) 45 miles an hour over good roads mid be set. In position complete with sound equipment and dlrtctlne units In twelve to fifteen minutes. This gun, just behind the Slejr- France 1ms many of these lialvt fried .'.Line on the' Western From! defense against low-flying attack bullets a minute to •1000 feet they are used ns a strategic nux'lliarv to Die larger guns, FICHJS10 ., , U . IIU „,, i/m; tri.ai.ci n £'i uni , is one unit of Germany's first line of defense against enemy bo?nb- ers. Less effective liian U. S. anti-aircraft guns of n similar type] it is nevertheless able lo down any airplane Hying below 12,000 feel in fair weather. Carutliersville Society — Personal Sterling Joplin, son of Mrs. Virginia joplin, left Tuesday morn- Ing for Memphis, Tenn., where he has accepted a part time plnce nt a drug siore on Poplar Avenue. He plans to enter Slate Teachers College in September for the fall term. Miss Lillian Nickens is teaching this week at the Chute sixteen School, taking the place of Mrs. Fratikie Nelson, while she is in Memphis with her molher-in-law, who Is a patient in a hospital there. Mrs. L. H. Nelson is a patient in the Baptist hospital, Memphis, Tenn., where she undergo treatment, and a possible operation for a kidney ailment. She went down Tuesday [morning and was accompanied by her son and daugh- tev-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Frankie Nelson. Young Mrs. Nelson will remain with her for several days. Mr. arid Mrs. John R, Franklin of South Ward are announcing the arrival of a baby daughter. The child was .bom Tuesday morning. r ts S ™" of the plane, wind velocity relative to the plane, altitude, drift, distance and angle of the target enables a plane to bomb effectiv"- Mr . Miss. rs ; E. Mrs. Meyer Graber of Blythcville spent several hours here with relatives Tuesday evening. She also enaes a plane to bomb effectiv"- •""" iiieauay uvuiiiug. one aiso ly from almost any height the "Mended the opening of the new target can be seen. Oraber Store in this city. The disadvantage is that targets I Lloyd Mobley hns accepted a posi- get smaller. New Orleans Cotton NEW ORLEANS, Sept, 2 (UP)_ Cotton futures closed two to eight points lower today and barely steady after an early rise, on In- flation buying-. Oct. Dec. Jan. Mar. Mny Jul. open high low close 862 843 836 829 818 801 8G2 8-15 836 829 818 801 846 830 824 812800 785 849 831 824 812 800 786 ------- ..„. «V4 IOJ JjJ Spots closed steady at 884, off 2. Chicago Corn - tlon at the ChafTm Brothers Drug Valley, Store on Eouth Ward. J. T. Maddcx, Water Miss., has accepted a place in thc Grocery Department of Kroger Store. Mr. and Mrs. Faris Cunningham of St. Louis, Mo., have spent the past few days here as guests of (heir mothers, Mrs. John Cunningham and Mrs. J. R. Hart. Mrs. A. Litton and four sons arrived Wednesday morning from Kickmau, Ky., and will reside here during the school term. Mr. Litton is a government engineer and will be located In this section for several months. Mrs. Lillian Collins returned Tuesday evening from Tulsa, Okla., where she has spent the past week with her daughter and son-in-law, Mr., and Mrs. Charles K. Hughes. Mi's, B. P. DeDuke of Tiptonvllle, open high low dose Sept. 51 521-2 431-8 495-8 Dec. 511-4 513-4 50 501-2 Tenn.,' is'the guest"of"Mrs! l HTvan- „ . ~ r Clcve this week. Bead Courier News want adi. Mr. and Mrs. J. E, Green and daughter, Mrs. Frances Densip, of St. Louis, Mo., will spend the week end here with Mrs. Green's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Hale and. with Mr. and Mrs. R. L. Morris. Miss Dorothy French who has spent thc past five weeks In tlie east returned home early this week. Miss French visited briefly J n New York City and spent most of the remaining time in Boston, Mass, Mr. and Mrs. Redman Dunham returned Wednesday morning Io begin their teaching duties In the local school system. Mrs. Dunham. spent the summer with her parents in Fort Scott, Kan, and Mr. Dim- ham spent most of the summer in Columbia, Mo., where lie attended the summer term at the University. Mrs. Jack Hopke and infant daughter returned Wednesday from the Baptist hospital in Memphis. Mr. and Mrs. E. G. Berry and son of Selby, Miss., have moved into tlie apartment of Mrs. W. P. Robertson at 12th and Ward Avenue. Mr. Berry will have charge of the variety store which will be opened by J. A. Hayden near the grade school. Mr. nnd Mrs. Allie Depew and daughter, Charles, of Chester, III., spent Wednesday here with Mr. and Mrs. Joe Brndsher. Mrs. Bradsher and Mrs, Depew were school friends a- number of years ago. Stock Prices NEW YORK, Sept. 2. (UP)— Stocks soared today ns speculators rushed to buy thc "war babies" and the market close with substantial gains. AT&T 157 Anaconda Copper 30 World War "Dog FiglUs" Not Likely To Be Repeated . BY IIR17CK CATTON WASHINGTON, Sepl. 2. - Nobody nrotimt here really knows, o! course, Jitst what (he great Eiiro- j>cn»i powers will do with their nir fleets If the present crisis develops Into n general «'ftr.' Military experts, however, who Imve jnndc it their business to study trends In aerial warfare, Imve some pretty good Ideas about, what. Is likely to happen. First of nil, they remark that the ordinary civilian 1ms n misconception of Die tnctlcs which probably will be seen. The fn- uioiis single-handed combttts of World War dnys— the "dotr fights" familiar to moviegoer.'!—tire npt to be rare. Instead, modern practice places emphasis on formation fighting. Fighting planes are believed moro effective when Iliey cruise in groups, ilylng high mid wailing for n chance to swoop (town on smaller enemy groups. 1IKHI.1N MAY NOT UK KAIDKD It is considered doubtful here that British and French bombers will attack Berlin—not even In retaliation for possible German raids on London and Paris. Instead, it is held, the British and French bombing- fleets are lilcely to concentrate on German industrial plants nnd railway lines. And there Is more than a hunch that the German bombers may operate In the same way, at least for n lime. Nevertheless, it is believed tlinl. n basic point of Flench and British air strategy will bo to guar; Hie great civilian centers in those countries from attack. Tills wll call for aggressive action lo "bottle it)5" the German air force, I ^ possible, and decrease Its effectiveness as n long-range striking ' arm. There is still a good deal of uncertainty about the exact degree of effectiveness of nntl-alrcrnll defenses. Tlie supposition is (Slat these defenses may be considerably more effective than Is popularly sujiposd. Army men point out that Ihe only actual demonstration in recent years was in Spain, when the nntl-aircrait equipment was neither as complete nor as efficient as that of England and France. Even so, it is said, defensive activities In Spain inado precision bombing difficult. PURSUIT PLANES CHASE HOMBEItS Tlie chief effect of antl-aircrai batteries Is to keep raiding planer so high that it is hard for then to drop-bombs very near to their selected Inrgets. Even better thai the batlerics are squadron? of fast pursuit planes. Able to move faster nnd maneuver more rapidly than bombers, these can. harry a bombing fleet so effectively as to ruin its ability to accomplish its mission unless the bombers arc accompanied by large groups of protecting fighters. U. S. army men never did join in the sneers which were directed at Britain's famous "balloon barrage" for the aerial defense of London. On the contrary, they're deeply Interested In It. This system calls for whole strings of captive bnlloons moored around the city, with loops of wires beneath them. In theory, at least, it would make it Imjxisslble for any bombers to cruise at less thau a 5000-foot altitude—nnd one of the important points in air raid defense is to make bombers stay up high. The Zeppelin raids of World War days aren't likely to be duplicated. As far as the U. S. Army knows. Germany has but one or two dirigibles left, and it isn't expected that any more will be built^-at least not for bombing purposes. The Germans suffered losses in the World \Vtir Zeppelin raids, and experiments since the war have convinced most military men that the dirigible is too clumsy—and makes too good a target. The Last March? nielr pace Is slower-bul slill .some veterans of the Clrnml Anny of the Republic are able io parade ,,l orgmiljiallon's imtlonal encampment In IMIlsbunjh, 1'n. Tomorrow these .soldiers may be gone Jodny (he thunder of a new war may push the Civil War fnrllicr into the background. Associated DG ...... 7 Beth Steel " 68 1-4 Boeing Air 22 5-8 Chrysler 78 3-8 Ccca Cola 114 General Electric 36 General Motors 48 Int Harvester 53 3-4, Montgomery Ward, yj N Y Central 12 3-4 Packard 3 Phillips 39 Radio 51-8 Schenlcy '.','," 10 1-8 Simmons , 21 Socony Vacuum 11 7.3 Standard Oil N J 42 7-8 Texas Corp 391-4 U ff Smelt 52 1-2 " S Steel 53 3-8 New York Cotton NEW YORK, Sept. 2 (UP)—Cotton closed irregular. open high low close Oct. Dec. Jan. Mar. May Jul. 852 837 820 822 810 190 852 837 820 822 810 791 833 818 820 800 187 769 837 818 808n 801 187 7G2 Spots closed nominal at 887, oft 5. Sept. Dec. Chicago Wheat open . high low close 177-8 79 161-4 761-2 78 781-2 761-2 77 During Mny, 1939, the value of aeronautic products exported from the United States amounted to {10,385,338, Dr. M. L. Skaller ANNOUNCES THE OPENING OP HfS NEW CUNIC ON THE 2nd Floor of The 1st. Natl. Bank Bldg. TERMINIX TERMINATES TERMITES BRUCE-MEMPHIS I G. I. U, MEETS TOIflflPYEftuS DIE SEPT. 27TH Rochester N. Y. Is Scene For 65th Annual Convention EVANSTON, III., Sept. t (UP) — Blueprinting the Immediate future's temperance fight, program and Iho year's outstanding tribute to Prances E. Wlllard will highlight the 05th annual convention of the National Woman's'Christum Temperance Union at Rochester, N Y Sept, 27 to Oct. 3. The session Is expected lo attract, a record atlenditncc, nnprox- Imatelng 3,000. Rochester was chosen bccnuse of Its .proximity to Ohurchvlllc, N. .Y.. the birthplace en Sept. 28, 1039, of Miss Willard, one of America's great women leaders. To Visit Birthplace 'Those attending the convention will make a pilgrimage the morn- IiiB of Sept, 28 to Cluirclivlllc, io visit the house in which Miss Willard was born. Back at Rochester that evening Hiey will attend n banquet, and commemorative service, to lie closed with a nationwide broadcast with leaders of other im- lionnl groups as speakers. Simultaneous holding of similar meetings in more thnn 10,00* W. C. T. U. local milts throughout the nation will mark this event, The convention also will mark five-year, live-point, program of spiritual, alcohol, diameter, pence, and citizenship education Inaugurated when Mrs. Idn B. Wise Smith assumed Ihc national presidency In 1Q33. . Scienliflc Kcsc.ircli Stressed Faced by the fncl of repeal, the W.C.T.U. In 1933 began a long-term >rogrnm of research rind education into the scientific facts of "what ilcohol Is nnd what It does." Since then a temperance education fund of $750,000 has been raised lo be devoted solely to distributing scientific fncls to youths nnd adults. Tills scientific education work will be continued as the main plank of the W. C. T. U. program. However, National W.C.T.U. ofll- cci-s and advisers believe ihni aoclal dfccU; of the I'c-lcuall/.ed liquor tnulo have been such Hint the Icm- pcrancc fight hns been speeded at least five years nhcnd of their 1833 expectations, ••COURTS Mrs. Mattle b. Tnnnecr hns filed suit In chancery court against J. S. Tanner, seeking iv divorce on the ground of Indlenltlcs. Mis. Clyde Nicholson has Illed suit agulnst H, M. Nicholson seeking a divorce on the yroimd of desertion. Virgil Greene Is attorney r 0 i' ti lc plalntllt, Former Osceola School Head Receives Honor OSC'EOLA, Ark., Sept. 1.—Qcovgo H. Deer, former superintendent, of Osecoln schools, was awarded the Sullivan medal, highest honor cs!! T fcrrcd by George Pcnbody College, Nnshville, Tenn., when lie gradu- ntal from that schcol'with a class of 45'! last week. 'Ilie medal is -presented each commencement to the student with "those chni'actei-istlcs _pf :hcarl, mind "and.conduct that evince"the spirit of love for and helpfulness tcward other men and women." Deer received the I'll, D. degree with his major in School Administration. Mr. Deer, who was reared at Mnlvcrn, Ark., Is a graduate of Arkansas Stale Teachers College, C'oiuvny, and was superintendent of Osceola public schools tour years, resigning last year to enter Peabody for tlie purpose of completing his doctorate. While here he was active In civic, religious and music circles nnd tcok an active part In organization of the Osceola Rotary club, lie wns also a leader in relief work of the Red Cross during the 1031 flood situation. It has been reported that Mr. Beer Is slated for an executive position with Pcnbody College. Despite the difference In size, the deer makes less noise than the turkey In walking. PRESCRIPTIONS Freshest Stock Guaranteed Best Price* Kirby Drug Stores Dealings With Nazi Germany On War Materials Is Halted Abruptly ay M!LTON BRONKBH NKA stiiiee Staff Comsiioudeiil l.ONl)ON, Aug. 31.-WHU war uetworn Great Firltaln nnd Qer- mntiy distinctly | n th c oftlng,' the extraordinary situation hns bceii "resettled of Drltlsh melnl and rubber (tenters si'lllinr to 'tlie Nazis enormous quantities of material UID llclcli Vins anxious to store up for vvnr purimcs. The dcnlliiB only slopped when I'nrlinmcnt In its cxlva session sttlflly passed buys destined to five ihn government full wartime powers. b<ie of these Inws Is that \\hlch In the last wnr cnme to bo called, partly In derision partly In cnrnest, "Dora". U cnme from "D.O.n.A", which stood for "Pefensc of the Realm Act" Under "Dom" llKhl and bent and food nnd many ot Ihe amenities of ordinary life were vcstrlcled. The restrictions remained In forco for n considerable ttmo tiller the war, llciiec the cartoonists depleted "Dora" as an old wench, HESTIUO'I'IONS 1!A1)I,Y NKKOKI) Hut "Dora" 1ms been badly needed In Ihc pnst few weeks. In the period just prior lo thc sudden nn- nouncitmcnt that Clcrmnny and Uussln were, going to slnn a non- augresslon pact, Germany bought In London some HOOD tons of copper. The cost of this wns nearly two million dollars. 'Hie terms wero cash. On the other hnnd, Oormany stipulated.that the metal must bo delivered before September 1, As n result, of this ncllvo buying, Iho price of copper rose more thnn $-1.110 per ton. It wn.i estimated that after this copper was delivered, England would only hnvn about 29,000 tons on hnnd. Germany's reason for this swift buying Is evident. At home It only produces J.o per cent of Its needs. Next to copiwr, the most scnsa- llmuil buying; wns (lint of new rubber which Is caputilo of Uclui; stored for qttllo a long (Hue. Germany hns inado great piny to the world nliout Us substitute urtlllcial rubber called "buvm", made, frohl conl and other materials. But Its I'gcuts, nevertheless, wanted nil thc real tlilnu they could (jet. In the last weeks of August, VI,000 tons of rubber wcro bought at, iX cost of over $0,600,000. Here again the terms were cash tvnd delivery wns asked by September 7. Here flifnln dm Qcrmnn demand sent the price of rubber up. The sinister feature of the sales was this: nt the time of the Munich crisis last year there were 100,000 tons of rubber In England.".-Just I'ocenUy there were only 50,000 tflns and one-third of this has now lic'en sold lo Germany. SUITI.IKI) NAZIS NICKEL FOR SHELLS Cleriunn agents have also been buying lead and nickel. In fact, they secured about, one quarter' of tlie supply of nickel which was on hnnd In England. Nickel l.i used In making hard steel for shells, tanks nnd armor plate. England, Uuongli her colonies and tbe Dominion of Canada, almost hns a monopoly. Her merchant.? obliged the Germans wllh Mils metal they so desperately wanted. As a London pniwr bitterly snid: 'Maybe In a few days' thne we will gel. much of this metal bnck —in the shape of bullets nnd bombs, killing and wounding pur people." Another highly significant purchase that wan recently mnde by thc Germans In the London market was that of 2000 bngs of shellac. Here ngnln England has a sort of monopoly. Shellac is used In varnishing artillery shells and atrplnnc bombs to prolect the metal parts from rusting while remaining- In storage. All the Angels Have Big Feet But none could wear this shoe. It took a month (o moke Hie size 40 (nan's shoe modeled by Anila Hcnlcin for Chicago Slice Travelers' convention. Ten square feet o! upper leather'and nearly 12 pounds of sole and heel leather went into Its building. LECHE SILENT Has No . Stalement On Claim He Had Long Known Of Shortages Mm, llotJQE / La- Sept. 2. (UP)— Richard w. Leche refused comment today on remits of Loul- slunn Slate University IrrcguliirlUes given him long before the statewide • scandals led to his resignation as governor. ' Three reports released yesterday .. by J. Pair Kardln, -special 'assistant attorney general, were made to Lcche In September, October and December, 1938, by : W. A. .Cooper, then state supervisor of public funds. • 'Hie reports revealed, among other Ihlngs, Lccho knew of thu two per cent commission paid George Cnldwcll, ousted L. s. 'jj. construction superintendent "• ori building contracts, and, the extra $3,000 a ycur which Dr. James Monroe Smith lacked on Ids $15,000 presidential salary, '.Both Cald- ivoll and Smith have been indicted, Ihe latter many limes. Ream-ding these items and : many others of equal Interest, . Leche announced from his : covington Gold Const estate: • - • "I have no comment ( 0 make whatsoever." • . At New Orleans a motion to continue the trial of five men on charges of mail frund In' the double sale of Blctivlllo Hoiel furnishings was overruled by Federal Judge Wayne G, Borah. Defense attorneys claimed an "Inflammatory press" would make a fair trial Impassible but U. S. District Attorney Rene A. Vlosca said hos- | UIHy toward those Indicted In the Louisiana scandals probably would continue anyway. The five men who will go to trial Tuesday were Dr. Smith, resigned L. S. U. president; Seymour Weiss, wealthy hotel man; J. Emory Adams, Mrs. Smith's ncpheiv; Louis C. Lesage, suspended oil company official, and Monte Hnrt, building contractor. SAVE YOUR SOYBEANS MASSEY HARRIS 3-PO1NT CLIPPER COMBINE ] 1 Full 6-foot cut. Full width, straight through separation. Power take-off or motor driven. Easy terms arranged. Sec us about a Massey Harris Clipper Combine BLYTHEVILLE SOYBEAN CORP, So. R.R. st p honc 555 . ANNOUNCEMENT We wish fo announce Ihut \vc have secured the services of Mr. C. G. Roland who will manage THE LITTLE SHOP ftlythevillc's headquarters for fine wines and liquors. Mr. Roland is well known in Ihfs section and will be pleased for the opportunity to serve his friends in his new position, HOTEL NOBLE "Where Hospitality Is tv Reality"

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