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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. 62—NO. BLYTHKVJLLB, ARKANSAS (72315) TUESDAY, JUNE 7,1066 TEN CENTS 12 PAGES Shotgun Ambush Feeds legacy of Violence' By JAMES MARLOW Associated Press News Analyst WASHINGTON (AP) - The man who shot Negro leader James H. Meredith in the back from ambush on a Mississippi highway let loose more than he could imagine. Enemies and critics of the United Slates can hold up this shooting as a symbol of "American barbarism" before the world, which still remembers President John F. Kennedy was shot in the back. They can say with truth a Negro's life is not safe in America if he tries to walk down a country road peacefully, even when escorted by white friends, as the 32-year-old Meredith was. The greatest irony behind his wounding lay in proving the very thing he had sought to dis- prove on his 225-mile march from Memphis, Tenn., to Jackson in the heart of his native Mississippi. He had told newsmen before starting out one of the two reasons for his trip was to help Negroes, including himself, conquer the fear they feel while living or traveling in Mississippi. His other reason was to encourage Negroes to vote. At the same time this wanton act of violence may be used as a handy excuse for passionate or extremist Negroes to retaliate with violence of their own in North or South in the days ahead, individually or in mobs. This crime against Meredith gives unexpected and tremendous support to President Johnson's recent request for new legislation in the field of justice to protect the rights of Negroes and civil rights workers. "What gain is there," ttie President said in asking Congress to approve his proposals, "for either conscience or country if we proudly affirm human rights and then permit those rights to be swept aside by lawless fanatics?" He said: "Perhaps the most evident threat to civil rights in 1966 is the danger fiiat recently secured rights may be violently denied by a relatively few racial fanatics. "Citizens who honor the law and who tolerate orderly change — a majority in every part o£ the country — have been shocked by attacks on innocent men and women who sought no more than justice for all Americans. "The effect of that violence extends far beyond individual victims. Every assault or murder that goes unpunished reinforces the legacy of vislence — the knowledge that it Is dangerous for a Negro to assert his rights, or even for others to stand up for those rights. "Who shall take part in the process of democracy? Shall it be only those born with white skins?" Hays Answers Questions Heavy Stress Laid On Teacher Salaries In response to a Courier News poll of candidates for the Democratic gubernatorial nomination, BrookS'Hays placed heavy emphasis on Arkansas teachers' salaries. "Education will have a high priority in my administration," Hays said. "1 want to bring up teachers' salaries so that they will be competitive with the rest of he nation and, if we do this, I think we will be headed toward educational excellence." Hays went on to say that "a multiplicity of programs in ed- uration which do not upgrade the state of the teachers themselves in states like Arkansas will not, in the long run, improve education. This is not to imply that we do not need the federal aid for these other programs but we also need help in raising our pay scales for teachers." The federal government should bear some responsibility a good thing for Arkansas. The | not upgrade the status of the exact amount will have to be I teachers themselves in states decided after further discussion and consultation. Q _ Do you have any plans for restoring the intent of the Mack-Blackwell Amendment? If so, what? A — Yes. I shall insist that the highway department be run on a non - political basis and that the director be chosen for his professional training rather than his political involvement. Q — Do you favor a limit on the number of terms one man may hold as governor? If so, what limitations would you suggest? A — I have no plans to sponsor legislation of this nature but I would favor a four-year limit if the Legislature saw fit to impose such a limit. Q — How do you view federal government vis-a-vis state government? Do you think the for the upgrading of salaries, he I e ™' em - : ,"° yu " V , 7 ^ 6 6 state should avail itself of most, id Here are Hays' answers to . the 18 questions which were in- 1 Programs, particularly m M or some ' or few ° f ' 16 eluded in the poll: Question — Do you favor a state minimum wage? If so, what minimum would you propose? Hays — I think this could be Alma Aims For Cuba MIAMI, Fla. (AP) - Hurricane Alma, deadly blow which at a struck a Honduran western Cuba today with 90 mile an hot rains. The Honduran Weather Service reported 73 persons died in a sea of mud in the town of San Rafael, in western Honduras. At 6 a.m. EOT, the hurricane was centered about 275 miles south southwest of Havana, Cuba, and about 500 miles south southwest of Miami. The storm was moving northward at five miles an hour the expected rate for the next 24 hours, according to the Miami Weather Bureau's hurricane center. The Cuban Weather Bureau declared a state of emergency Monday night in the four western provinces of Pinar del Rio, Havana, Matanas and Las Villas. The Isle of Pines, south of Cuba, was expected to be hit by the storm. 'Hurricane Alma still poses a threat of extreme southern Florida," said forecaster Raymond Kraft of Weather Bureau. the Miami "However, due to the slow movement, the threat is not immediate but will be around for a few days." A message from the Honduran Weather Service at Tegucigalpa, received by the Miami ' Weather Bureau, said 30 inches of rain Sunday night virtually wiped out the town of San Rafael, In western Honduras. "Rivers reported swollen producing mud with depths up (o one meter (more than 3 feet)," the message said. "Seventy-three people reported dead. San Rafal has practically *s- gard to poverty and education? A - I feel that the state should avail itself of all Federal help but should fight to maintain its right to determine how such help can best be used within its own borders. I believe, for instance, that Federal aid to education should include, particularly in states such as Arkansas where teachers' salaries fall far below the national average, some direct aid for upgrading these salaries. Q _ Do you favor a complete investigation of the Arkansas Highway Department and will you work for such an investigation if elected? A — I think all state agencies should be responsible to the people which they serve and when irregularities occur, I would favor a complete investigation. This includes the Highway Department. Q — Do you favor the proposed modernization of Arkansas' judicial system? A — Certain parts of the Arkansas judicial system need modernizing. I have some reservations, however, on a few of the items included in the current proposal for judicial reform. Q — What action would you take to insure enforcement in all parts of the state of liquor and gambling laws? A — I will use the full weight of the Governor's office to see that the liquor and gambling laws are obeyed. Q — What are your views on education? Do you think Arkansas can become dedicated to excellence in its education system? How can this be achieved? Feel free to offer other comments. A — Education will have high priority in my administration. I want to bring up teachers' salaries so that they will be competitive with the rest of the na- ion and, if we do this, I think we will be headed toward educational excellence. I will work for Federal help In this because I believe that a mulUcipility oi program in education wbieb de like Arkansas will not, in the long run, improve education. This is not to imply that we do not need the Federal aid for these other programs but we also need help in raising our pay scales for teachers. Q — Do you have any plans for helping the under-educated find a place in the increasingly demanding technological soei- ety? If so, what are they? A — Yes. I think we need more vocational and technical training and I certainly would work toward this. I also believe adult education is important and I am glad that the so- called kindergarten amendment will also include extending the adult age limits for public education past 21. Q — What, if any changes would you make in the AIDC? A — I would strengthen the program of the AIDC and encourage the staff to work in many new areas including developing the state's potential for tourism and recreation. Q — Do you have any plans to enhance the development of tourism? If so, what are they? A — Yes. Further development of state parks and other natural attractions in Arkansas! Brooks Hays will be an important part of my program. Q — Do you favor the Dirkson Amendment? Will you work for it? A — I do not plan to be directly involved one way or another in it at present. Q — Do you favor any restrictions in the use of the governor's emergency fund? Would you work for such restrictions? A — Yes. It should be limited strictly to use on those items directly provided for by law. Q — Do you favor strengthening the Legislature's investigative powers? A — I think the Legislature should have the power to study closely any area of the state's operation. Then, if legislation is needed to correct and improve certain conditions, it may then be passed. Q — Which public records do you think should be closed? A — Only those which deal with adoption or with personal information about individual tax See RACE on Page 7 Jaycees Form As Men's Club The Chickasaw Jaycees this week became the Chickasaw Young Men's Club of Blytheville, but its members remain Jaycees. "Each of us will hold membership in the Arkansas Jaycees," a Chickasaw spokesman reported yesterday, "but we will function as the Young Men's Club, a non-profit organization. The Chickasaws have been Goskin Trial Is June 21 MARIANNA, Ark. (AP) -A hearing on charges that Ernie Gaskin of Little Rock, a candidate for secretary of slate, violated state security laws by selling unregistered securities will be held here June 21. The hearing was scheduled Monday, but was continued at the request of attorneys for Gaskin. Gaskin has been released on $1,000 bond. Lee Cojnty Sheriff Courtney Langston said Municipal Judge W. L. Ward had just returned to tie beach Monday after an illness and Gaskin's attorneys asked a continuance on these grounds. No Connection The Courier News is not connected In any way with door- to-door sales of magazines. One telephone inquiry hat been received this week concerning a reported connection between magazine talei and UM ampul*, thwarted in their bid for organizing a Second Jaycee club in the city. They withdrew from the Blytheville Jaycees and applied for a charter. The Jaycees' state governing body refused to approve the charter, but told the Chickasaw group that they could re-submit an application at a later date. "We don't have any plans for asking for a charter now. There's been too much time and energy wasted in arguing about this. We're ready to go to work and help to build leadership and help our community," the spokesman said. The Blytheville Jaycees and the Blytheville Chamber of Commerce opposed the organization of a second Jaycee chapter in the city. State Jaycee officers attempted to reconcile the differences between the two Jaycee groups, but failed. 'We Shall Arrive' Meredith Vows He Will Return MADNESS SALE WILL BE TONIGHT This the night Blytheville merchants stay up late with marked down prices. It is the Twi-night Madness Sale, sponsored by the Merchants Division of the Chamber of Commerce. Stores will close at regular hours, but will re-open at 7 and remain open for three hours with special money - saving prices on thousands of items. The event is one of the top sales promotions of the Merchants Division and attract* IbpuMndt at By JOHN R. STARR MEMPHIS, Tenn. (AP) James H. Meredith, whose civil rights march through Mississippi was stopped by a sniper, vowed today that "I shall return and we shall arrive" in Jackson. The Negro who was the first known member of his race to enter the University of Mississippi at nearby Oxford four years ago made the statement ;o newsmen through a Negro lawyer here. Meredith, recuperating from superficial shotgun wounds, did not actually meet with newsmen. Dick Gregory, the Negro comedian who arrived from Chicago early today to take up where Meredith left off when he was felled Monday near Hernando, Miss., visited the news conference briefly — but said nothing. Meredith's handwritten statement was read by A.W. Willis, a Memphis lawyer who has represented Meredith for years. * * * In his statement, Meredith said he hopes the significance of the early stage of his march —to drum up more registered Negro voters in Mississippi — was not lost when he was ambushed. The significance, Meredith said, was in his reception by Negro residents of Hernando, the only town of any size which he passed through before he was shot. Hernando is about 20 miles south of Memphis. "Hundreds of Negroes lined the streets to greet me,' he said. "Most of these Negroes were men..The day for the Negro man being a coward is over." Meredith said in the statement that he is sure he will be asked what he was thinking when he saw the gunman rise from a gully. "I was thinking that I had not made a mistake not to carry a gun," he said. "I could have knocked (him) off with one shot had I been prepared. My father, who lived in Mississippi, would have been prepared." Meredith said he had debated about carrying a gun and decided Sunday night to carry a Bible instead. Willis said Meredith is "in a pretty good state of mind, jolly and cheerful." Willis said he did not know Meredith's plans, but Meredith concluded the statement with these words: "Finally, if all goes well, I shall return and we shall arrive (in Jackson.)" Meredith, 33, a key figure in j the violent annals of Mississippi's civil rights movement, was cut down by a man with a shotgun Monday. A white man was arrested immediately after the shooting, Meredith was take.n to a hospital in Memphis, about 25 miles north of Kcrnando. His condition was listed as good. He was hit in the back and in the legs with birdshot. The shooting stirred sharp reaction. President Johnson described it as an "awful act of violence." There were angry speeches on Harlem itratt corners, but calls for calm and* reason also were heard. "We shouldn't allow ourselves to lose our heads," said black nationalist Edward Davis. The shooting happened as the slender former Air Force sergeant, who cracked the racial iiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiniiiiniiiiinnnniiniinniniHiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii BULLETIN HERNANDO, Miss. (AP) — Mississippi authorities today formally charged Aubrey James Norvell, a white man from Memphis, with assault and battery with intent to kill and murder James Meredith. Ross Franks, De Solo County prosecutor, told newsmen waiting outside the jail here that Norvell, 41, an unemployed hardware contractor, would be taken before a justice of the peace for arraignment. liiiiiiliiiiliiililiiBBilillliiliiliiilBliiiiBiiiiiliiiilililiiiiiliiBiiiiiliiaiil barrier at the University of Mississippi in 1962, strode jauntily along U.S. 51, wearing a pith sunhelmet, green sports shirt and slacks. He was walking from Memphis to Jackson, Miss., on the assumption that if he could do it safely it would prove to Mississippi Negroes that they had nothing to fear in registering to vote. A witness, Claude Sterrett, 24, of New York, said the gunman, apparently uncertain of his target, stepped from a wooded area and shouted: "Meredith! James Meredith! I only want Meredith!' Then he fired." Sheriff W. L. Meredith arrested Aubry James Norvell, 41, of Memphis, a husky, balding unemployed hardware contractor. He was seized a few minutes after the shooting. Gov. Paul Johnson said Norvell admitted the shooting. No motive was given. . Charles C. Finch of Sardis, prosecuting attorney, declined j to say whether a charge had' been filed but said it probably would be assault and battery with intent to murder. The splotch of blood Meredith left on the dusty delta roadside threatened to become the symbolic staging area for bigger marches than his own demonstration. Negro comedian Dick Gregory vowed to fly in from Chicago and take up the march today at See MEREDITH Page 7 NIMBUS REPORTS — Weather reports from space are on public view at New York City's Rockefeller Center. A photo printer located in the main window of the RCA Exhibition Hall on West 49th Street rolls out pictures of weather conditions transmitted by the Nimbus II satellite in an exhibit sponsored by RCA and NASA. Brian McCrave, hall manager, checks photos coming in. Reds Still Lead U.S. In Some Space Fields Two White Men Charged with Rape HELENA, Ark. (AP)-Charges of raping a Negro girl were filed Monday against two white men, James S. Dunlap, 23, and Charles G. Hartley, 19, both of Helena, Deputy Prosecutor Gene Raff said. Police said the 16-year-old girl was in a car with die two men when they were arrested. Raff said the girl told officers she was grabbed, put in the car, and raped. The two men said the girl willingly joined them In th« car, h« reported, _ By RAYMOND J. CROWLEY WASHINGTON (AP) — Dr. Hobert C. Seamans Jr., radiated lappiness today over accom- jlishments of the orbiting Gemni 9 and the moon-photographing Surveyor I. But the deputy chief of the American space program had two sobering reminders for the nation: Russia is still ahead in "some significant areas" of the space race. Thousands of scientists and other specialists will leave the U.S. space program in the next 12 months because the country has not yet planned what it will do after landing men on the moon. Seamans told an interviewer of the "extremely valuable" experience and knowledge gained in the orbiting exploits of astronauts Thomas P. Stafford and Eugene A. Cernan. Seamans is deputy administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Overshadowing all accomplishments of the latest mission, in his view, were the facts that three different rendevous techniques worked oult as planned, and the constantly improving re - entry procedure brought the space vehicle down practically on the button. Seamans was reluctant to draw any storecard to show exactly how this country stands in the space competition with Russia. "A year as*," fetfiMi "Bust- ing the Saturn 5'rocket, we were anticipating moving out in front and clearly establishing a lead. This is not as obvious today as we thought a year ago." Russia, meantime, has produced a new launch vehicle, Proton, and has shown an ability to loft markedly increasing loads. 8-Year-Old Drowns CABOT, Ark. (AP)-Charles Hubert Evans, 8, son of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Evans of Cabot, drowned Monday while the family was on an outing at a water-filled pit about three miles south of here, State Police reported. Officers said the family was swiming when the boy disappeared. His body was recovered aboul 15 minutes later, they said. iiniiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiNiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiniiiiD'- Weather Forecast Partly cloudy and warm through Wednesday with widely scattered showers and thundershowers, but most numerous in afternoon and evening hours. Highs today in the mid to upper 80s. Lows tonight in the 80s. High Wednesday in the 80s: Twenty percent probability cf showers today; 30 percent tonight and 20 percent Wednesday. Outlook Thursday ltttl« change.