The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 24, 1931 · Page 3
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January 24, 1931

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 3

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Saturday, January 24, 1931
Page 3
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SATURDAY, JANUARY 24. 1931 Rl.VTHKVILLK. (ARJO COUU1RR NEWS PAGR THRR1, BLYTHEVILLF:S INDUSTRIAL AND BUSINESS ACTIVITIES Trade, Build and Invest In BIytheville City of Optimists" Your Cooperation will help make Blytheville mightier. EnforccmenL Chiefs Pro- -ick of Suuporl for hibition Has Resulted in Virtual "Local Option" EIHTOll'S NOTE: 'ihis is the second uf stcries Liualyzins tlie voluminous Witkerslmn rtporl. Ti day. Hndney Dulc-hf r iliscujses the ivrnkncsscs of national prolnbi- [ tion .is presented In that clooii-1 mcnt liy the run] mission. BY RODNEY DUTCHES! i NEA Service Writer WASHINGTON. — Tlie Wicker- sr<sm ccmmirsi-n. in its exhaustive! Misdy of proliibition. louud a Imst I 1 01" reasons v:hy 10 years of tlie • 16th amendment and the Volstead i act Imu produced '~no adequate nb- ! serviu:c.? cr enforcement." ! Speaking as a group in the full, body Ot its report, tht 'juminivJoi i .'ays that some cf the destructive! factors have been partially elinrin-' atcti. invests that olira conditions nreventinE enforcement can be ini- pi oml and expresses no opinion j .13 (o whether other changes same' of \vh!eh it considers vltnl to the j success of prohibition — can be j achieved. A majority-of commis-j sioners favored repeal or modlfLca- | tion in their sepirnt.? reports, but | in the general report comined; themselves to '.vhat Newton D.; Baker describes as "a f?ar finding j of tho facts disclGr-"<i to us by such • evld( nee as was available." j No matter vrhat the politicians; do \vith the report nor how ridicu-1 '/fs may seem lib attempt to te-j its "11 dissenting opinions" | v.-y..i a r.}i cf general conclusions j n«tl recommendations, the (Iccu-1 1:erc al - c t!le ' f ormer r e .j e val nieiit will stand as the most sci?n-1 >.,,,. ,. line, unprejudiced survey of pvo-. tlltd to kc: P thr Ilrltlo:l nr >' hihitioii yet made. And tli2 following, la paraphn and quote the coinmissic-n. aro the' essential reasons why prohibition; hasn't been successful lo date: j from its inception to the | ir.tion was much cns;er i tion and the (llfficuKlcs now belli;; experienced i i allying public scn- I i.n.en. result largely from that I spirit of intolerance." j Salaries were IOD low. The icini- 1 lUion cf the original force for ecn- j tin! i!!ifUnc:,s Is largely resuonsl- i ble for the public disfavor in which prohibition fell. liiC3 Agents Dismissed "A substantial number" of agents wcie indicated and convicted of crimes nnti morJ than 1GOO have ticeii dismiEsert fcr serious offenses, i The character and appearance of j piohibitiou otJnls (in the earlier . y.;nrs> were such that U. S. nttor- I mvs luid nc; confidence in the cases j and. Juries paid no attention to i.u:u-:.-s?s. "it i: safe to say that the first seven years' in enforcing the law resulted In dis- . trust of the prohibition forces by many of the United States attorneys and judges." As early as 1921 a small presidential committee which made a siuuy recommended transfer ol ^ enforcement to (he Justic; Depart- ! mcnt. although It wasn't dene until Plan 1930. The permissive and enforce- mem features of were at first administered quite sparately. Turnover in administrative offi- | ctak and agents reached startlin: i proportions, seriously v.-eateniiv efficiency. Five persons, as assist[ ant secretaries of the treasury i served within four years in (jer.eral charge of the prohibition service the customs and the const guard. Officials Change Rapidly Between 1821 and 1925, when th^re were 48 state prohibition di- r-ctors. 184 men were in and ou' ot these 48 ixjsitions. The whole j force was sa constituted as to en[ ciniraKP bribery nnd indifference to i enforcement. Turnover in ' higher administrative posts reached a pi-nS: o! 59 per cent in 1326, av "—ed 50 per cent from 1920 ti 1930 and was only about 15 nc ccni in 1030- The enforcement bruup had 10-vear average turnover of 40 pe cent, the peak being 96 per cen when the Itc-publicRns took offic ] in 1921 and was never below 30 pe cent \uilil 1930. when it was "stP , too high" at about 23. ~< Om liistiicl had five administra prohibition commissioners who have ::nce national prohibition wns enacted. Iu the center is Roy A. Hayncs; above, at the left, is Dr. James M.! tors "nd there were 91 changes i i T.oran. and a!i the upper right is John F. Kramer. Below are Sey- 2| '' ;5!ric ' 5 during niour LC' (at the left) and General Lincoln C. Andrews. systematic an organl/ed violation, | question how far 11 Is possible to offcrhii; luvlMi icwnnls for fciiuij-' do anything with the innln dlftl- glers .and bootleggers us Veil as | cully—reconciliation of the ponu- niHklng lavish uxiicndliurc for cor-ijoilon In huge urban centers. The niplloii possible. Praluction costiisjue is thus linked to that of i i of alcohol nnd alcoholic itvlnks h'U> pnints and corruinlon. ] constnntly dcci'e-nsetl. with nn Increase In general knowledge of luuv to make liquor. (it'Ogr.iiihiral Hatulicups Ocoginiihlcally, we were badly hnndlcapped In cnrorcemenl by M. I. T. Chinese Students Issue Own Directory proximity of sources oJ supply from the outside along 12.000 miles of ocean and unit .shore line, nearly 3000 miles of baundnry along the Great Lakes nnd connecting rivers nnd nboul 3700 miles of land boundaries. Inteinally there arc mountainous regions, -s\vamp areas, islands in great rivers, forested regions and barrens, I proximity to In relatively close the big city liquor markets and ollerlng Use best opportunities for moonslilnliu!. The federal orc.inizulion n!! Mass. (UP)— HV ilcvcd the llrst of its kind, a Chl- • — * — ' studcnlfi' directory has been NKXT: Where America cEts Us ] published by Oriental scholars .V Iliiiicr ami uli:it can be dune nliout > Masxiiclnisctts Institute of T;?h- II, :is founj by the Wickersrnin l M ology, Tlie directory Includes the nain:3, Hcspnt addresses, and activities of nil Chinese who have registered n'. the institute since Us cstablteh- ient In 18C1. Nearly 400 Chinese have studied at the Institute during lhat 'P5ri<xl. Of these, 350 Vmve returned to Sahara Sand Falls as Rain in Paris PARIS. (UP)—When It rained mud In 1'nris recently, scientists rushed into the streets to get test lube. 1 ; [nil of the murky water. After laboratory tests It wns found thul the mud rain contained 20 i»r cent oxidized Iron, 32 per cent sand, nnd 4 per cent sodium chloride. It wns declared (he muddy material came from the sands ot the Sahara desert, carried across This is Henry courts nnd prosecution were "111 j the Mediterranean by strong winds lumber of the Wlckcrsham Co'ii-1 a<lo l >l<!l1 to tl1c lnsk Imposed upon i uncl mining with rain clouds over mission, whose proposal for fed- '»<"»•" Enforcement still wrestles! Paris, cral regulation of the limior trnf-1 wlth serious dllllciillles at this flc has drawn wide attention. The I 10 ""- The Injurious clfecls on the •Anderson plan" promises to be-| co " rls themselves-and their pres- China.. GAKAGK EXHIBIT PLANNED BEitLlN. tUS')—An Inlerintbn- ol yarnge cx)ill)ltl!>n Is being held In Berlin in 1931. The earane exhibition will form part of t'.:e German building exhibition and will bo arranged by Professor Gecrje Mueller, a leading German expsrt on garage building. The exhibition will last from May to August. come n big Issue In Congress- 1«,0. <Thc commission holds thru- out the report that enforcement penonuel l:as always been inadequate.) 59 Per Cent Fail tn Pass When the enfroccment force was tlgc—have been obvious, with "general had cITect on the whole administration of Juni:e." Improynncnt Seen Now Virtually the entire commlulon Is convinced that there ins been "continued imjirovemont 'in organization and ctlort fcr enforcement" put : under civil service In 1927. S3| slncc enactment of the Prohibition per cent failed-to'attain passing ] Bureau Act of 1927. marks which would let them hold Prevailing corruption, the com- tlwir jobs. Until 1927 no effort was mission finds. Is rooted in Ills prot- inade. to train even key men In ihelits to be derived from violation. It enforcement system for their work- I nsks whether that prollt Is likely Co-operation of the Prohibition | to he eliminated or largely rcduc- Bureau forces witli customs and ed as long as people are willing to coast guard forces has been hn- . |Jay considerable sums for llqitai 1 perfect. It would have been diffi-! and as lone as corruption money cult at best. The older 'services had can be had in such large nirhiiivtj. no feelings ot "mutual respect and The way toward public opinion, I confidence" for the prohibition i it asserts, is chlelly through edu- agents. I cation. That may be too late. It' The great'margin of profit In j says. In communities where adverse thr> liquor business made possible \ sentiment lias set In and there isj wimiH «p u m HID t fiy language/ SUPERIOR COAL CO. & Railroad 27 tiistric's during alraut three years ending in 1030. "No organization could fuction efficiently ana harmoniously in such a state of prcsent time the law has t?en to a' rrrcement much en- more difficult -'-ntb- increasing degree dc- than had been supposed. The fed- prived of that support in public crn j government had had no ex- n '"lich was ar.d is essential i p^rience in enforcing such a law'. for Us general observance of cf fee- ! Trip federnl field force was largely live cjitorcjmcnt." . . . "We ex- 1 u ,,fi t t>y training, experience or ti"c! lei:i?latiO]i to conform to pub- 1 character to deal with such a lie opinion, not public opinion to; delicate subject. Occasional cx-j legislation." • Heine methcds, such as shooting' State co-operation, it is poinled a;ld kim ng . alienated thoughtful' cut. Is recessary to effective on " : oiM/Mr,. j lorccrr.ent. \Ve nw have "virtual I'clilics Hays I'art 1 local oplion.' i "in the enforcement of prohibi- , We get off to a bad. unprepared • t i 011r po ijti C5 intervened decisively ; .-.tart. A general jrasl-war reaction f, om t j; e ncginsliij," especially! against increased governmental had in the permit, system, aithough i ]X>wers was fr.n'itablc. Legislatures lately eiifoivcnieiit has bo?n "rer.- ' which ratified the amendment had swably emancipated" from politics.) not in general been elected wit'ij Constant changes in the statute i anv refcrenc? to the subject. The magnitude of the task >vai ity for capful selection or training I upheavel." of personal- or similar cautious pre-' In 1926 General Lincoln C. AJV paratlons for such a novel and I dre'.vs had only 280 customs aha sweeping reform. The fact and its'prohibition men to guard the-Mex- enforcement .were ."urged with a lean and Canadian mordcrs and spii it of intolerant 7.231 that awak-1 thought he couldn't stop border cned an equally intolerant opposi-' smuggling with' less than 1500 or ".p'Jrec'.atecl. After initial un- and in administration had an un- • fcrtuim? effect. Enforcement was I relied on to obtain enforcement.; ceriainty. soon after 1921 it be- without any educational activities.' came Increasingly evident that vie-! There was no time or opportun- i COAL S1PSEY SATISFIES Also Other High Grade Coals Buchanan Coal Co. Office Phone 107 Residence 717 WOULD YOU THINK The jiirgeor. v:ou!cl send his offic; bo; to ir.ike a diajnosi.;? We hardly think to. Obtaining information corrfctly at the source is one of the most important phases of the accounting profession. One cannot prepare a correct statement, without first obtaining cor- icct information. To obtain information correctly, one mu^t 'be versed in th? science of accounting. A. G. HALL, Public Accountant. 21i W. Walnut St. Himled Hlythrvillc, Ark. WE DRY CLEAN OR DYE ANYTHING BIytheville Laundry Phone 327 "What A Life —" says cne brake lininj ( 0 another, ,261 slops in n day's work. No wonder ue wear out." RAYBESTOS Lined Brakes Stand the Gaff. Dixie Service Station Phone 315 Ash A Brivxdway COAL and FEED Kentucky and Alabama ll:;y, Kar Corn, Oals, Red -Ash Coals. Mixed Feed. Special Delivered Anywhere. Prices on Car Lots. If, C. L. Bennett & Co. Phone (M Chicago Mill A^ Lumber Corporation A.S. Barboro&Co., Inc. BIytheville, Ark. Whole-Jala FRUITS — NUTS — VEGETABLES BEANS — PEAS Serving southern merchants over fifty years. Phone 920. Second nnd Rose. Whom Do You Think You're Fooling W hen You Gut Down "Expenses Look at It selfishly. Look at it altruistically. The | story is the same. When you who are employed be- j gin '''cutting down," stinting, hoarding, you are hold-. \ ing back Prosperity. For yourself, as well as for oth- ! ers. Try as you might, you cannot isolate your fortunes from the fortunes of your community, or your, country. If America is prosperous, Americans are prosperous, and you are prosperous. When, however, you begin Buying Normally again, your neighbors .will see the wisdom of .your course, and follow suit. The impulse to buy gathers momentum. Every purchase leads to further purchases. And when your neighbors buy, and their neighbors buy, Prosperity will be well on its way. Promises are not all for the future. Benefits r< ceived through Normal Buying are not all deferred benefits. They are as immediate as you want to m them. For by. Buying Normally, you will buy at prk that are spectacularly low. You will find that you ca afford luxuries that were once out of reach. You owe it to yourself and others to resume Normal Buying. COURIER NEWS .-M

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