VOLUME XXXVI—NO. 134. THE DOMIHAMT NEWSPAPER OF'NOimiEAST AnKA^a ,„ ' _ "~~ ^ ^ •" » * ' ^ ^OrmiEAST. ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI ARkANSAS, FRIDAY, AUGUST REPRIEVEIFROIILWAR STILL POSSIBLE -ft .. • IM Hi ' • . - tlllhP»ll*.A_... - ' — ^^^^ Britain Makes More Binding Pact With Polish Government of 5 - land's nerves. Adolf Hitler, all ( ' a tcst 01 Po N a2f leaders declare,!, „,-,', - s <- e « mind to win a free hand in east- wit 1 ! E £ r ° pe ' by Ktns if necessary, w»l. Poland scheduled to suffer H, «i aid tonight . 25. <UPJ A Britain signed a' inu that sh 3I«rh Nazis believed the show""" J 1 ,?"'. probab 'y would come speech Sunday at with Hitler's Tanneiiberg. Great Britain and France were mobilized as never before and rea- uL 'I'! 1 ' Brital »'s fleet was in war position and France requisitioned all national defense facto- Fascist Italy unhappily stood by her pledges to Germany but was understood to be attemptm- to persuade France to bring pressure on Poland, to capitulate. Russia, bound by strange new ties to the Nazis, summoned the parliament, to meet in emergency session Monday. The Polish government let it be known that it never would tolerate return of Danzig to the Reich But most of all the Warsaw officials struck back at every hammer blow from the Nazi propaganda machine. Reports carried by tlie official German news agency to the effect that the Polish army was refusing' to obey orders from Warsaw, that a Polish division was ready, to attack Danzig and that military leaders were planning (o advance against Germany were de' ' terms in War- nounced ' in ' stron saw.' , ,.- Throughout Surope.the fear of .war rair, stronger than ever as -the crisis moved, into .the ^veek erid" In Great Britain the pound sterling dropped swiftly and the government applied temporary exchange restrictions pending decision an regulation. New York Cotton NE\V .YORK, Aug.' 25. (UP)Cotton closed barely steady. open high low close 80S 856 S35 835 821 wotild fight any attempt to destroy Poland's independence either by direct or in direct attack or by economic strangulation. Signed in the midst of a steadily Intensifying European war crisis the- treaty disclosed mutual guarantees of assistance . far more drastic than had 'been anticipated a-i a result of the British pledges given to Poland last April. It was designed as defiant answer to Adolf Hitler's demand for a free hand in eastern Europe as well as a* stinging counter blow to the new Soviet-German treaty. One provision guaranteed Poland against becoming the economic vassal of Germany. Article two of the treaty wou significantly leave It to Poland determine whether German attio against Danzig, for instanc threatened Polish independence an tiierefore should be resisted. If Poland .decides to fight the Great Britain would be bound 1 fight with her. It was indicated that concluslo of the treaty was speeded up I Oil Right, So Far Louis Buchalter, With $50,000 Price On Head, Surrenders NEW YORjCTug. 25 (UP)_ The Federal Bureau of Investlga- on today, wlllilield all details of Uic surrender of Ixnils (I,epke) Buchalter, head of a murderous band cf labor racketeers, a fugitive for two years with a $50,000 price on his head. J. Edgar Hoover, head of the FBI announced last night that Buchalter hnd surrendered an hour earlier "to me personally." On the n subject of rewards, he said, "There 1 was no money passed In the pro- , ~ fPCP r\f l.l_ _>. -* . i*«" T nt process of lils apprehension and no promise of any .kind mncle In con- icctlon wllh It." He added that Lepke told me he never left New Lady Luck saved "a WasiilngtbiV'strtet from oil bnth order to offset any doubt Ilia i Nazis hold as to whether' Brital will fight Hitler's demand for fre action In eastern Europe. "Patience" Exhausted? PARIS, Aug. 25. (UP)-Adolp Hitler was reported In authoritnUv sources tonight to have told til --KIT-- -V »*1V(I_ I.UIU IJ| British, French and Japanese am bassadors that his 'patience was-al mosJPr.exn'aWtea' by ;v the : , 'allege provocations of- Poland.' 1 In Berlin it was announced tlm Sir Neville Henderson, British am bassador, was flying to London earls tomorrow, presumably to inform tlie British gvernment of Hitler' statement. Oct. . Dec. . Jan. . Mar. . May . July . 881 850 835 828 814 798 802 861 84G 835 822 807 793 861 816 832n 822 807 193 Spots closed nominal at 911 olT six. New Orleans Cotton NEW ORLEAitfS, Augl 25 (UP)— The European war scare caused cotton futures to Icse 35 to GO cents a- bale today in barely steady trading. open high low close 1PSMS. Oct. Dec. Jan. Mar. May July 874 SCO 847 839 826 880 867 847 844 832 Bll 871 851 844 832 821 803 871 857 832 821 803 Spots closed steady at 896, up 13. Stock Prices NEW YORK, Aug. 25 <UP>- Stocfcs advanced today in light turnover on President Roosevelt's statement that war is not yet certain nnd on growing belief of the financial district that war will be averted. Gains ranged upward to nearly five points. A. T. & T. "..... m Anaconda Copper 23 3-4 Associated D. G. ....... 6 1-2 Beth, steel 5S Boeing Air . n 7 R Chrysler "; " s Jl" Ccca cola Ui General Electric 34 General Motors '" 43 3 4 Int. Harvester Mont. Ward Packard 50 3 1-8 Radio Schenley , Simmons J Socony Vacuum Standard ot N. J. Texas Corp U. S. Smelt "" 4, u. s. steel ".;;;; n 33 3-4 5 1-8 103-8 21 10 5-8 38 7-8 34 3-8 Mattress Space Sold At Full Passenger Rates Say Reports LONDON, Aug. 25 (UP)-P re - paratlons ngnlnst the threat of war struck civilians, including Americans, in Europe with cyclonic speed today. Tlie exodus of Americans from Europe increased so rapidly that all transportation accommodations to the.United Stales were sold out three weeks in advance. The flight was general from Britain, Prance and eastern Europe affecting prcbably 50,000 Americans abroad. Some persons were buying mattress space on ships as the regular full passenger rate. All American ships were booked to capacity. The President Roosevelt, sailing Sunday, is' scheduled lo carry 53S passengers, the largest number ever aboard. Tlie Manhattan, now enroute to Southampton from New York, will return as quickly as possible. Many residents cf London were laying in food supplies for an emergency. Flashlights were purchased on a large scale and oil for emergency lamps was being hoarded. Morning newspapers carried long articles similar to one In the Daily Express telling "here are the things to do and how to do them." Bandit Passes Up Nickels PHILADELPHIA (UP)—A gunman saw only nickels and dimes in the cash register of a bakery he was robbing. "If that's all you've got, skip it," he said, and walked out. Chicago Wheat Sept. Dec. open 69 70 high lor 701-4 68 701-2 68 close 681-2 685-8 Chicago Corn open high low- close Sept, 443-4 451-8 435-8 437-8 Dec. 451-8 451-4 435-8 433.4 • "•*- "... t.i-ltl lulfc F<e\ York City since he became a fugt He said the gangster had galnet 15 pounds and grown a mustache that he was in a federal detention cell. That was nil even the police department could find out about him. Althou(*li neither Hoover nor District Attorney Thomas E Dowcy of New York, celebrated 'gang buster and potential candidate for the Republican presidential nomination had admitted that they were in competition lo catch "Lepke" pvvcy haa wanted the gangster so badly that at his request, the city had ottered $25,000 reward for him '.dead or .alive," and had assigned 20- detectives to do nothing but hunt him. . Subsequently, the FBi; which listed^ Buchalter as public, enemy "P., "4., (Dewey called,lUnV the' most dangerous cnmlt'inl v at'large)"raised Its reward from $5,000 to $25 000 to match the city's price. Buchalter had Been a federal fugitive.^He disappeared Dec. 4, 193C, after having been sentenced' .0 two years imprisonment and fined $10,000 tor violating the nntt- .rust laws 'by racketeering in the $10,000 bail, covering only the amount of his flue, by former Federal Judge Martin T. Wanton, since onyicted of accepting bribes. After his dlsapirearance, Dewey otalned several state Indictments "arglng him with racketeorlni. in he fur and bakery industries, "and containing ,0,000 gallon, of fuel ol,; to crash (hrongh a Uumper at Ready To Renounce Treaty Made Futile By Nazi- Soviet Pact TOKYO, AuT~25. <UP)--.u,e cabinet has decided that the Rus- so-Germnn non-aggression pa- violates the spirit of Japan's nnll- c/ommunlst agreement with Qer- many and that ..therefore Jap in must -nowyv'aDt- Independently', 0 ^ was reported today. • After the cabinet meellng, rvji- clgn Minister ilachlro Arlta visited Emperor Uirolilto at Hnyama and it was believed Uiat he communicated HID cabinet decision' to the emperor. There were numerous conferences among national leaders including cabinet anct non-cabinet nembers, on .the serious situation for Japan precipitated by the German-Russian pact. A dispatch to the newspaper Ho- niurl from London reported thai lie British Will Not Make Any Decision On Special Session Al Tliis Time WASHINGTON, Aug. 35. (UP)_ o IC "' "T^ 11 «I1 ICday llml re .still | S |, 01)e wnl . , averted In Euro)*. because that hope still exists, he saiu, he cimnot make nny decision now as to culling « special session ' irltlsh ambassador here had ,,'^ instrucled to ascertain lii ™ e - easibllity of opening negotiation Declares Conflict Would Virtually Deslroy European Market For Colton MEMPHIS, Tenn., Aug. 25 (UP) —Farm lenders snld today that a war Itr Europe would have a disastrous effect, on cotton anil textile prices but'wouid increase prices of foodstuffs. ^ •-, .... : Edward. ^ A. 0-NeaV:1ir' Chicago; president of tlie American Farm Bureau, declared thnt a war would nean another year like 19H as far as farm prices are concerned. : ( "Antlclpnting wur," he explained, most ol the nations c-f Europe lave been storing supplies for some time, our European market for cotton will bo virtually destroyed i war comes." Dr. O. O. Wolf, president of the nnsas Farm Bureau, predicted a big increase In price of wheat In event of a conflict but said most Ills remarks were made nt u press cnfcreiico while ho awaited replies k> his three urecnl appeals for peace efforts wind, wero dl- reclcd yesterday (o the rulers of Germany, Poland aiut Italy. He made It clear that ho regards the current International sllimllou as one of the utmcst gravity Discussing the cllcct o[ a possible war on the United States Mr. Hoose- velt said Hint government departments and agencies imvc been lit work since September, 1038 establishing machinery to cushion the eflcct ot n foreign conflict upon this country. ' Although this machinery, cimnot uc snld lo be nt It* maximum- efficiency because nothing is perfect ho continued, it,, efficiency probu ' ' " '" " ' 'In said he referred specifically to plans lo remove thousands of Americans from European combat vmies in event of war and other measures All this machinery he salct Is set nil and It now remains only to press, the button at such a-thS- that art actual conflict might break out, lo set, the mechanism In mo' ' Berlin Hints German: Move Before Hitler's Talk Sunday Unlikely Plans To Recruit American Volunteers PARIS, AUK. 55 (UP)-Col Charles Sweeney, American World War veteran, announced today that ho hnd completed nmiiigeiiieiils ( 0 rcorutt nu American division of volunteers from (ho United States to fluht with (Ho French nrm'y If war comes. Tells Future Farmers Am- /bitions Of One Man Causing Trouble ,rm? T BPI "NasTArk, Aug 25 ^I7?° V ; BntolVn'MrflisIng COO tion Snake' Just 'Simple' Gordius ..~ *«i un u uuKuiy inuustnes, and «-<wjjuvjr ui opening negotiation harged that five prospective wit-1*'"" Jn P* n ° n 'he entire chines esses against Buchalter .had been | sltl)a t ! on. lain recently. A grand jury Is now! Dispatches from China Indicalei aKintr evidence agamst-Buchalter'sl improvement in Japanese-Brills! S find fnrmnr nfi-nn!,,!.».. Vfln t Innc o t- Tim-. 1m... t mi • . - latives and former associates uspected of having harbored him, nd against business men suspected Livestock EAST ST. LOUIS, 111., Aug 25. (UP)—Kegs: 5,200. Top, 6.50 570-230 Ibs., 0.35-6.45 140-160 Ibs., 5.00-5.75 Bulk sows, 4.75-5.85 Cp.tlle: 1,000 Steers, 8.35-9.50 Slaughter steers, 6.00-9.75 Mixed yearlings, heifers, 6.M-9.00 Slaughter heifers, 6.00-.75 Beef cows, 5.00-5.75 • Cutters and low cutters, 3.50-4.75 is henchmen even while he wns i hiding. Five of them were In- Icled last week. Hoover said he -was consulting Hh Attorney General Frank lurpliy In Washington cr New York oday before deciding what dis- Millon to make of Buchalter lurphy is conducting a nation- Idc war en crime. The gangster is 42. In the fur dustry lie promoted a reign of rror with labor unions as wea- >ns. Shops were dynamited, em- oyes burned with acid. He gained M central of the $10,000,000 rabbit In industry, and by 1930 was iking in $1,000,000 a year. Hunters Miss Shelling HONOLULU (UP) — A party of g hunters narrowly missed a idling when they wandered onto le artillery range at Schofreld arracks just before a big gun enionstralicn for reserve officers he 85 officers fidgeted for two ours while the hunters, who for- inately were spotted with glasses :foro tho firing starled, pursued icir sport. army men c-ned Russia der. Yester said, Hie Ja of tlie fro Today, he s poned "for Before t Tatsuo Ka spokesman, 1 sfan-Gcrmai ent with agreement. He speclfi Hujso-Genm that neither ciatc itself v directly or I the othcr wllh the ar Kau'ait dc newspaper n offered to r of the front pan. Asked whe rauchl and crmcr minis who had gor .end the Na Sept. 2 wo\ spokesman s -•• «'«i'"»»l-,5l,--UJH.|3J relations at Hankow and .Tientsin Tlie United Press correspondent on the Manchukuo-Onter Mon»o- lia^fi-onller reported that Japanese hnd expected lielgnt- . the ^ cabinet meeting foreign olflcc the nntt-Communisl a mos 1-her commodity prices would de- ne. Cotton farmers will be ruined by n genera! war," said Howard Gray -* " •• • A "hnlr snnke" wns exhibited here •Ills morning by W. L. Creed, who lives west-'.of niylhevlllQ on tho E. M. Terry farm. . Mr. 'Creed said llml the "hair ' snake" was the first he hnd seen since he came lo this country from Michigan a .number of years ngo ' and Hint .he found H 1,, a rain barrel, following n sliovvcr | A glimpse nt Mr. Creed's ."hair lo the mcellng of Ihu Arknnsas Future Itinnm of Am- irlcav said today "we mo reminded n- the present critical Eiiror«an Jtimtlon Hint we me victims nnd pupnow-ln tho hands of those who am summons anil concentrate all evil forces of Ih'o worjd." Balloy said :tlmt onco « wnt begins we would Imvejo difficult time In avoiding getting;'Into it. "It- is nil duo "to mndness and ambition of one mnn'Y'hc snld Wllllnm Motes, of Spartamnn, I ivns elected president -- - - - la MOW i*s/.iv* 141,c*j ' certain that Poland Is planning attacks on German territory," ,]^ r ?" llt ' r Si**" 18 I*t«tr»m ' MERLIN, Aug. 25 (UP)-AtlOlt Hitler speeded up plans for a quick solution of Oerlnnny's quarrel with I'oUnd today. Throughout the day he held a. scries of conferences with government and military leaders and n long telephone conversation with the Nazi high command In Danzig. While the Npzl press scathingly attacked Piesldent Roosevelt's peace message, ailll-ahcraft guns, manned , by fun crews, were mounted ' on the roots of the war ministry and other big'buildings ' In the heart of Berlin. Hitler, after only three hours sleep, following last night's war council, which pasted until l.a. m. returned,to his desk this morning fresh nnd rendy for work. Hi connection with the final stage of military preparations rushed toward conclusion authoritative NiizI sources outlined the progress tovrard a showdown as follows! •1 The Na^l war. of nerves'will be intensified against Poland -as demonstrated by chaiges In tiie ori-ss 1 today that eight Germans wcie Killed and > seven others wounded by Polish police alone the ftontler. / ,. 2. The peace plea from President Roosevelt or Ignored be rejected publicly altogether. Berlin . newspapers said that Mr, Roose- \eH was attempting Jo Mlwtage Hitler's works of peace. - V , 3 Hitler will attempt to coin. plete negotiations to swing Turkey ftwa ' from It hns been so ..„„.,„ . . „ . A ..?." m ' ) . se _a t Webster's New In — of the Ala Bureau. "The Federal „„,„,.,„„„, must do something to maintain r /-; ' """ "' ""•' """"i prices near their present levels" „ °f™ lus . It It means anything. The farm leaders were here at- ,,, a B e »us of roundworm, para•" the Southern Farm Bureau , , " " lsM 's when young but free • - living and aqutillc when adult." So Mr. Creed evidently has on adult species of Gorulus on hi? noward ar.iv i .,"•>•"- "• m.-ua«;i s sxuw in- nbnmn. Fanu lf v "^°'n ™ftta™y. unabridged ,1 government ™™ sn '. nt , tllD halr SIlakc " *> to ' maintain i? ** „ «*: ™™". ot ll * '«"!* training school. to Germany lo nt- i parly annual rally d now do so, Ihe Hardaway Company Buys First Bale Of Cotton The O. O. Hnrdnwny Cotlon -ompniiy purchased the first bale of 1939 cotton broiignt here which was auctioned this morning in front of Borum's Drug store where he bale IMS been on display since t wns ginned Tuesday. Tlie price cf 13 cents paid Included a gift ot $20 from the two 'auks nnd two compresses ns the Blythcville Board "cf Trade decided lot to solicit premiums from local nerchnnU this year lo be given ne grower, as has been -the cus- om. Tills cotton would have sold cr nbout 8 3-4 cents normally, it H. H. Reeves wns In charge of he nuctlon In which there was plrlted bidding. The cotton, groivn by H F Hcn- on on the L. L. Ward farm near Ynrbro, was ginned at the Sternberg Gin the same day a bale was ginned at Kelser to , nal -. e honors lied for the first bale in Mississippi County this season. hands. Undergo Examination At Jonesboro Clinic New cases of trnchomn and crippled children of Mississippi County were registered for hospltnllHUIoii niu. cases already under treatment were re-checked nt the trachoma and crippled children clinics conducted yesterday nt .Jonesboro for 11 Enstern Arkansas counties Clinics were conducted Jointly through the s[m c boiucl of health mid the state welfare department Twenty three crippled children' from Mississippi county went through the c u n | c . . n , CI . e nrc 4g known cases of trachoma In the county,. erne half of which group t is estimated made the trip for a re-check In addition lo others who were examined for tlie first Sine. Patients for whom liospltnllzatlon vas advised, were registered and vlll be admitted lo hospitals ne- If SET 'USE' EMBUS' . Payments Made Under Void Statute Can Be Credited Elsewhere LITTLE ROCK, Ark, Aug. 25- Pnymcnts made by business concerns and Individuals under the so- called "use tax" section of the stale anlcs tax act mny be credited on sales tax accounts due under general provisions of the net, Attorney Ocncrnl Jack Hslt held In nn opinion given to Revenue Commissioner Z. M. McCnrroll yesterday. The Supremo Court ruled several months ngo that the slate had no 'use t«x" law, although tlie revenue department had collected several thousands of dollars in "use" laxes on articles bought outside Ihe state for use or consmnpllon within the stale. Saying thnt the sales tax law cumins no specific provisions for i refund of taxes unlawfully paid Mr. Holt said he had approached the question of allowing credits en regular sales tax accounts "mindful ot the fairness and justness" of persons who had pnld a "use" tax "having some relief." He said tho "use" tax payments were made under the same act levying the sales tux and this fact strengthened (lie right of the taxpayers to n claim for credit on their regular sales tax payments. ' Commissioner McCarroll said he had not had opportunity to study ..-c wcurfty front 1 If 'possible 'as 'a result of the' new German-Soviet met and some Nazis ' hope that Russia will bring pressure on 'Poland to give In to German de- niands. 4 Germany will make sdme'ef- fort to reconcile Japan in conneo- tlon with dispatches which state that Japan Is leacly to denounce the nntl-comHeiii alliance with" Berlin 5. Hitler probably will delay precipitate notion 'until his speech on Sunday at Tannenberg near the Pojlslj frontier. Willie Hitler was busying inside the clinncellciy the crowds outside, witnessing the Nazi preparations for umoigcncy, were depressed. There was a budden change In' :lic attitude of many of the persons on the streets of Berlin and many casual passersby remarked: "It certainly looks like war this' time." . Small crowds stood around loud- but speakers nt lunch time listening :o special news bulletins that told ol, Polish troops movements or war preparations in London and Paris, nnd charged that the Poles were.' preparing lo take the (offensive' against Germany. Tlicre \vns tremendous acttvltv around the war ministry all day." WARSAW, Aug. 25. (UP)—The government today Instrucled the Polish ambassador In Berlin to protest to the German foreign office concerning alleged violations of Polish territory. The protest was made as'Poland brought her army to full strength and men and women were digging air raid shelters and trenches in parks and outskirts of cities and towns. Mobilization had been completed ind It was assumed that all of the first line reserves had been absorbed Into the army, bringing it o a figure between 1,500,000 and 2,000,000 men. These troops faced the German frontier, ready for any eventuality. Partitioning Poland HaslBeen SpoTTof&Ji^irPo^ ^H^^AM I .fj -Jt ," ^ »~I 1 J ''•"'? £,.-..;----. I ' i — ' i ,^ _ J. ? 1667—Poland in the days ol its glory included all of what we now call the Baltic states and the Ukraine, including much of eastern Germany. It was ona Of the strongest military powers oJ all Europe. l!93-In the days when the U. S. government was getting under way, Poland had already been dismembered; Prussia had swallowed "Groat Poland" or eastern Germany; Russia had seized tho great southeast. 1735—Two years later, Poland *s such had ceased to exist, Russia swallowing another great eastern slice-, Prussia and Austria gnawing off the rest, leaving the Poles mere racial , minorities. 1815—After Napoleon had been defeated at Waterloo, the Treaty of 1815 divided his conquests. Russia called her part the Kingdom of Poland, gave it a constitution, hut no pendent existence. g) / H ""e af y / .Rumania \ Doctor Gets Remittance 22 Years After Case ELYRIA, O. (UP)-Dr. Austin S. MeKltrlck has had his faith renewed In the honesty of his fellow nan. ^" -Twenty-two years ago he 'cared' or -a boy injured In an aulq- , noblle accldant. The boy's father ,then wns unable to pay. The doctor recently received a' check for $50 from the father, who apologized for the long delay, but- said he was glad he finally cculd. pay his bills. 1039-The settlement after the World War attempted to re- as " Ur ™" WEATHER .... Arkansas—Partly cloudy tonight _ with the living and Saturday. with slight additions it has ex- cloudy, probably Iccal showers tamed so until today. night and Saturday.' '
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