The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 29, 1949 · Page 3
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April 29, 1949

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 3

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, April 29, 1949
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Page 3
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FRIDAY, APRIL 29, 194!) BLYTHEVILLE <ARK.) COURIER NEWS FAGS rmam THE NATION TODAY Federal Aid to Education Soon To Face Showdown in Congress After Ten Years of Wrangling JB) By Jumes Marlow WASHINGTON, April '29. W—Should Ihc government give the states money to help Ihcm educate tlieir children? That problem of lederal aid U> education has been batted around In Congress more than 10 year». The Senate Is about ready to, take It up again, and Is expected to pass It. The House may. too. If both approve, it will become law. • Last year 1 the Senate approved!a federal aid to education hi)!, but the House ignored il. So nothing came of it.) The present bill calls for giving the 48 slates a total of $300.000.000 a year to spend on education in the grammar and high schools. That would include money for teachers* pay, school buildings and transportation, and so on. This wouldn't mean, of cou,JG, that the states would stop spending their own money. The government money would be added to what they've been spending already. The poore r si a t cs won 1 tl get a bigger .share of the $300,000.000 tha: the rich states, and for an obvious reason: Been use t he rich s t at cs ha ve a higher income of their own, they can spend more of their own money on education. No .stale would get less than S- r > ^•01- child. Rich New York, for in- "^tance would get that much. But a low-income state like Mississippi might get as much as $29. Fear Government Controls For years one of the main arguments of those who oppo.se federal aid to education has been this: II would open the door to government control of education. But the present bill clearly says the government cannot, interfere with the kind of education given in the states- Is there need for federal help— and why can't the states do the job by themeslves? A batch of Democrats and Republicans have joined forces in blessing this bill which still must pass those educated In a poor state day may be citizens of » rich one tomorrow. Can any of this lederal money be used to help out non-public schools? That is, schools rim by religious gionp.s? The bill would let the «tatc« decide that for themselves. the lest of the full Senate, say: Millions of children between five and 17 attend no school at all or are suffering major damage in education because of poorly prepared teachers, a wide tcache~ shortage, and a shortage of .school room. Many teachers have gone into other work because of the low pay. And for the same reason fewer college students are taking up ,. teaching-. i P* In 1947-48 It was estimated 43 ' per cent of the public school teachers were paid less than $2,400 a year; and 12 per cent were promised salaries below $1,600. Meanwhile, according to the senators, money set aside by the states for school supplies, school buildings and so on have reached a "critically low point." Out to Help the Poor Becau.se of the wide differences In income among the states, there's a wide inequality among them on •what they can spend on educaioii. That's why the poorer ones need federal help. States themselves are pretty limited on amount of taxes they can raise, for these reasons, among others: they can't get big taxes if incomes are low; and taxes raised too high force citizens to move to other states. Since (he federal aid comes from federal taxes paid by all the people, why should people in a rich state have to help their poorer neighbors. The constitution says the government can provide for the general welfare, and use tax money to do it; since people move around. 73 Injured As 7 Tram Cars Leave Tracks FORT WAYNE. Hid.. April 29. M>> —Thirteen persons wore hurt yesterday ns a diner and six Pullmans of Ihc Pennsylvania Railroad's westbound Broadway uimitcd were derailed as the train approached Fort Wayne. Two passengers, a brakeman, six waiters and four cooks were taken to a Fort Wayne hospital. The passengers hospitalized are Mrs. Sarah Sharklcy. 75, Mount Vcrnon. Wash., and B, E. Mills, 57. St. Charles, III. Mrs. Sharkley suffered scalp lacerations. Mills had an abrasion over his left eye. The eleven members of the train crew also take to St. Joseph hospital for examination were shaken lip as Ihc diner left the rails. All live in Chicago. Dan SeilK'rl, trainmaster of the Fort Wayne division, said the de- Th'ey raillnent apparently was caused by the breaking of a journal box on the first unit of a twin dining car. ! You Are Cordially \ Invited to Visit \ The j Accessory Shop j Feminine Apparel J Mabel Hogan Jessie Srite [ Il(tle) Nohle Blrle- | Ulytheville. Ark. 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