The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on July 1, 1936 · Page 61
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 61

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Wednesday, July 1, 1936
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1, 1931)-; BLYTHEVILLI'V (AKK.)'-COURIER-NEWS 55 PL csirs n Street Scene a! ihc ilcight of the Cotton Season 'Continued From Page 1) a record among the tenders In efficiency us well as size. The local presses are an official concentration warehouse for government loan cotton, and during the past two years 11,000 bales of such cotton have been stored here. The combined plants today cover 2U acres of ground. The storage .sheds arc divided by llrc- r.roof walls Into n Compartments, all equipped with automatic: sprinklcrs. A serious fire is re, imidcd as virtually impossible. As cotton is received ai the compress it is weighed, sampled, trigged and 1 placed in storage to await- shipping orders. The compress issues :i warehouse receipt to the o\vncr of the cotton. This is a negotiable Instrument which the owner may sell or use as collateral, Before the cotton is shipped it is usually compressed for greater convenience and economy In handling. Cotton destined for domestic mills Is usually subjected to what is known as ftandard compression, although occasionally mills prefer lo pay Ihe higher freight charges necessary to obtain their cotton "flat." or impressed, Export cotton is usually subjected to high density compression. The Federal plants here are equipped with both .standard and high density presses. On the average about 30 per cent of the cotton handled here i.> exported, the balance going to domestic mills. The big plant here is one of about ioity operated by the Federal Compress nnd Warehouse company, serving nearly nil of the important cotton centers of Ark-1 nnsas. Mississippi and West Ten- j ne.ssee. Headquarters of the com- I pany are at Memphis. Binford Hester, for a .number of years vice-president and general manager of the company, recently was elected its president. R L. Taylor, for many years president, is now chairman of the boarc 1 . City's Biggest Payroll Besides Mr. Hall the office personnel of the Federal Compress Co.. here consists of B. W. Simmons, chief clerk. C. C. Word, W. A. Doy>yns. George Ingrnm and S. L. Webster. Warehouse and press employes aie chiefly negroes. The compress company has the largest labor payroll in the city, averaging about 590,000 per year. Many of the negro workers d° not have year-around ~ employment, but once they have acquired iiptitucle at compress work they, usually stick to it, preferring .seasonal periods of unemployment to.- rcgulnj- \vork in. some other line. As a result they acquire a high degree of skill and nip (rreens StiCTIOtf Blylhevillc Too Far North lo Produce Advantageously (or Fresh Miirkcls Although Mississippi county \s geographically located so that It Is at a disadvantage In attempting lo participate in the nation's fresh vegetable market, George Orel), president and manager of the Blylluivlllc 'Canning company. sciw nn opportunity for growers if additional canning plants can be established lo alisorb thosp truck crops which can best tw produced here. "Canneries offer the tost Insurance of a market for truck crops here." Mr. Cireb sntd. "since Ihls counly is located so far north Unit the nation 1 :; blggesl markets have already been Hooded wllh produce from further south by the time Iho season reaches Us ocak he future to.UicluUe c rops other than jpirach, miiiUrd and tur- it no* pKctof Expcrlniehts ai« being made In the local plant 'now » (itch mny lend to tlio addition pf other Ituok and \egelab)p crops Othofcfops' for which Mr. dreb seei a possibility for locfi( dekcl- opmcnt for-canning' pmjioses ni;c EpKl.lsh peas., krecn llina be^ns, beets 'ii|id chrrou' Those are wlmt he described as "standard" vegetables, and usually; command ^ a ....I,,.. ' avwage tA« Si* worker? aeasoft a^d ins (tic splMc'h and" mita* son Us ADIW«I payroll total* OOP A v,lde territory Is £ the local concern, nhtch ,, tobtlshcd In 1929 shipments are made to iimnj poillqi)* 'of the sonlli including; Alabama, Tennessee, Oeoigla mid Kentucky, tits IMOduclfl are also widely distribute cd -th|oughout tlie... mld-weM. thromjh Michigan, iilhtots, Wlii IX) ,„ , , , , ToiniilocK grown locally cannot conslri. ' Minnesota, Iowa ) .•tiecivKiil ' ciumcd, Qrob's opinion, because- Mr. the hcnvy green cores which must bo removed, causing • Boavy' : weight lc«s',' niul because of thoir hurt color, which prevents their use In catsup, tomato siuicc, tomato juice :ui(l other such products. "Hire tomatoes must remain a stilclly fresh crop/ 1 ho Bald. "A Ion of jjood tomatoes grown In another };eclton Nhould OH about 800 number '2 cans, but here, on account of tho lass from heavy Ht'cen roves only about 050 cans can lie obtained from, n ton, £o it Is not molHable lo can Ihein." Mr. Clrcb also sees lltllo possl- lilllty for canning corn here, .since (he ear mntures too quickly for cunning purposes. Corn which might lie .suitable for canning lo- ilny would be -worthless In Mr. Clreb explained that local hours. Thbi crop, he said, Is not crops dn not mature early enough Si'nerally canned south of the to reach ti 10 big markets while Ohio river, urlccs arc high, and that by Ihc 1 ' lle canning Industry must be Famous Home of Mad Pitt To Be LONDON (OP) — Historic Pitt, House, a \railheied stone nonso'! al llampstcad closely associated' wllh (he Thirteen Colonies' W»f of soon structure. Pitt House was the home' 'qC William Pill when he was Prlnio MlnUtcr of England ,'}) Ho went insane and shut liinif self In n' " ...... flooi miloiiched lo tlila day —and i';, hole was cut In tlic wall through! which food nnd clothing wcip passed to him. 'i When he was a pi boner in the house his mlni-ileis revived the! Stamp Act and imposed ihc'ten.'J independence, will be nzecj j in to make way for a moderp ri - In n' small room on tho thlrd,,j I r—a' room that hiu> lemaliied.'!| This picture, taken from the platform al Ihc site of Ihe present n. D. Hughes gin. al Ihe south end ol Broadway, shows a scene no longer common i:i Blytheville. Uliinir.j facilities have bocn Increased nnil fmmnrs now seldom any great lcn?lh o," ti.v.c ,vi Ih llielr loads of seed cotton. lo wait When Buiits>er CoLlou Cfop C aiiglii .Railroads Uitj)ir|)arcd lime swvcrs" In Ihls section arc developed by locnl Interests,' in lllll V -wliich led to the Boston Tpa. I ready lo ship tho • number 'of' no- Iho opinion-of Mr. Orel), who said Tmly mid Ihc War of Indeprn-.J lenllal consumers hus vreallv dl- he did not 'believe foreign can- deuce.; Historians have Mild that mlnlshcd, since all sections lo Iho ""« wmil<1 l)e interested In es- hud ho-been able to attend lo tl)B I soulh and on a parallel with Ihls tnblishlng plants hero unless they affairs of stale lime might haw,I point are producing their own have absolute assurance of sceur-| been• no rebellion In the Colorrics.' truck, confining this section's Inn produce. ThLs section, is class'-1 mjahisl the Crown. 'markets to Ihu north, where they ed as' a fresh miirkcl tcrrllbry, 1 .Thc.anclenl house, standing on, must compete with all other which he said cannors often avoid Ihe highest part of Tlampstend I because nt the poialblllty thai Heath -too feet above sea leveltijn- under, certain .conditions 'growers owned by the Earl of Clarendon,arc templed ,lo divert their 'crops Roveinor general of South Africa; southern growers. Opportunity for Canning "From the time the truck season leaves the gulf const It moves northward at. tins avnrafo rato of approximately. 126 mllcs'por week, rcaclifng this section after growers further south liavo already leaped (he bcnclil of h.gh early be gained from' HID" ~tac' 'n prices on (he norlliern Mississippi c —'••'•'- »-•-••-•-•- caslcrn markcls," Mr. Clrcb mially paid lo fresh nmrkcls''lo,secure better A few montlis ngo the Karl prices, Icaviiifi tliC; caimcrs with- posed of Kciillwoitli Castle, an-; out truck. ••'•'"•;!.' ' '' ' ' ' ' An Idcn • of whal n ".• modern, cannery means to -"a- cpimminlty may other historic liuidmmk. More Dolliirr, Alore SiLspfnderu ,' QUESNELL, B. C (UP)— Local aie wearing both belts I moved to market on fla't cars in 1022 when crop, the tlggcst up to that lime, fount! Ih c railroads without sufficient box cars to move'u, • n !l3,OGO- f BaL-s Stored in Open handle with a that is 500-pound cotton bales speed and apparent case j amazing when first seen. (Continued From Page 1) running' bales, the equivalent, of about 120.000 500-pound bales. Bigger Crop in 1'robpeet Tliis year the county's cotton] production promises to -starl upward again, by a substantial amount and observers are agreed Hint, an annual crop of 200,000 laics and upward will be Iho rule whenever market conditions i>cr-| mil unrestricted planting. ; fn 1930, the latest year for' which official census figures are available, Mississippi counly rank-! cd eleventh arnon^ the counties' of the United Slates in the value! of farm products. Seven large] fruit- and mil producing counties j in California, ArooslooV: county, t Maine, with it* huge potato crop, and two cotlon counties in Mis,sis- tippi's delta region.. Bolivar and • Sunflower, outranked this county. Since, that lime Mississippi county has parard Bolivar and Sunflower counties by a. wide margin in col- ! A scene nol likely nets. Notwithstanding the low yield In the year 1934-35, the toinl value of crude cottonseed - products wiu> , almost exactly double liir. value of the crop harvesled two years earlier. This' chart also shows the trend of tile price of refined col-, tonsced oil during the .same period.' Since the cotton lint is usually mortgaged for production credit t'nc proceeds from the .sale of the seed often furnish the grower wllh his only immediate source of cash income. In 19H1-32 the value of the seed barely covered the cost of ginning-. In the. past year'tile value was sufficiently high lo pay the cost of the (;Inning and to leave a substantial margin for the grower for use in settling for Ihc picking and meeting other obligations. —The Cotton and Cotton,Oil Tress. be repeated in Blytni'villc is Ihir, one. showing thousands; of talcs of cottin stored in Iho open after compress warchovMu had bcrn since been cupandea rntn iiiey appear amn'e lo make a fillert to capacity. Compress facilities hav: } Board of Trade Furnishes! recurrence of such n situation im.Kccswuy. 1 Market NcWS t» CottonMen . I Cottonseed, Once a Nuisance, i\T_-.. iM OW IJy FLETCIICIi 11. KAAVLS anil CHAHUiS K. l.UNI) I'. S. Department of Commerce year represented, tile peal; from u i !|U»t]tlty standpoint, the value oi t the seed v.as considerably higher ' ! in the war and immediate post-war t'Cl IIV ! years of relatively 1>igli prices. Jn *' Mic year ended July, 1019, Ihc value ! reached an all-time peal; of $384,i lent, the other products have very j 000,000. The yield of cottonseed | extensive uses. Cotto'.is.-cci cuke i products .lias fluctuated in recent nnd meal, for example, arc import- ] years largely in accordance witli (Continued From Page 1) received two for one on llioiij membership investment in addition lo membership in the reorganized Board. Tile Blythcvillc Hoard of Trade Is nfllliatcd with Ihc Arkansas Colton Trade association and the American cotton Shippers association, the principal slate and national or- Cottonsccd, which Ics.s than jam. feeds used by the crutlr anil j tilt 1 size of the cotton crop, f'ori ganiralions of llu: cotton Iradc, eighty years ago was a worthless by-product of growing cotton for its lint value, is today-one of the ini()orlanl c;w>h crops of Hie country. It l.s hiirdly conceivable that in 1857 (he State of Mississippi pe- dairy industry and art.' aljo utilized to some e:\tont as concentrated feeds for hogs, sheep, horse?, nuilcs, and poultry. Considerable quantities arc also used for fertilizer. addition lo providing n i'jii;:h- tlie past, two fifusons the amount of cottonseed produced wassubstan- lially cmlailcd by reason of tin; agricultural adjustment, jirognim designed lo bring lint cotlon prc- i more in line \vilh cousump- nalizcd gin owners lor tiuinpim;! n ,. c [ Or livestock, tiic 'cottonseed i' lvu requirements. COllOILSCCd in waters \vhcn it. is'lu'tllc -,t-n ,,^^^l !,. .-M/-I, t.-irl^l,- (li- t rnfnmrnlii-^ Ion production .and it is rea.son- coltoasccd in waters \vhcn it. is'inills I button of the value nty'sj tonsced products in afoly certain that, when the 1935 considered that in tJic year ended faun census figures on value of July 31, 1935, Ulc value of criidi lanti crops are made available cottonseed products amounted to no they will show this county among less-than $178,000,000. The distri- of the value of crude cot- that year v.as follows: Cottonseed oil. SOl,8K>.- 000; cake and meal. $51,023,000: hulls. 510,200,000; and Hntcrs. ?2!.- SOG.COO. • ' Thus, tlic seed has become of major importance, not only to ihe cotton growers, but lo the entire edible and inedible oil Industry. Even today, however, a 10,000.000- bale cotton crop is commonly thought.of in terms of. that much lint cotton. How many persons nol directly interested reall-zc that a cotton crop of this size .yields, ill addition lo the lint, approximately four and one-half million tons of cottonseed, of which about eights per cent is crushed, yielding roughly 1,000,000,000 pounds of edible oil. 1,500,000-tons of forty-one per cent prolcin content meal or cake, <)oO,- 000 tons of hulls, mid approximately G50.WX) running bales of InUers? In Ihc year IKM-Jo. the farm value of the cottonseed was t'tpiiva! arts used in such (lie first ten. Value of Mississippi county Jnrm crops, as reported by the; 10-70 census, \va.s $l6,lC10qi. The! flsiirc is of course'subject to wide: llucliiatjon from year to year--ax prices and production vary. The Bounty's 1935 cotton crop alone. However, including seed, brought nearly $10,000,000 to Iho growers, exclusive of benefit payments under the sovcrinneni's acreage con- .Irol program, or the equivalent of $133.33 for every mrrn, woman and child in (he county or S183 per pel-son for the farm population of the. county. And while cotton still is king not all, of Mississippi county's , agricultural eggs are in one 'basket. The' 1 T935 farm census fhoivs 2.319,514 bushds of corn produced in lliis counly and 52.030 tons of liny, including 2G,:I18 Ions of alfalfa. Poultry, dairying; nnd IIOL! production have-all paiulrd in recent years and fann- er* of the county market several hundred lhoiia».tid dollars wurlU of truck crops each year, dl-| ma nil-1 Trice Trcmls Tiic rapid.decline and subsequent versified industries as tile facturc of baseballs. Horss and chemicals. Lintcrs arc u^A \ producers for both cotton and cot- lorgely in the manufacture of ex- (tousced sinca 1929 Is.shown on the plosives, rayon, cotton baliinc. felt j accompanying chart I. It is appar- for motlre-'ies. in tlm paint nnd|cnl t'oat the increase in Ihc. price vavnLsli Industry, and in the inanu-1 cf the seed from the lowest point of BiicTn products as cello- j in the depression lias liccn crnisld- phiuir. l)aki>lilr, collniiian. pholcgraphk: lllm.=. p.iii" pla.stlia and surgical dress-.ns'-. (•ruivth of (he Collonscril Oil Induslry As late as 1875 only live per cniti >' ear *"*•*• l»-ved wis three and one-Half times as large as in the :rop year ended July, 1032. In ao- of the cotlons^eti ijroduri'd crushed; this portion of I'rc cinp yielded products v.-itii a value of 02,530.00. It is interesting, in view of the international clitnauier oi Ihc vegetable-oil Industry al Ihe present lime, that one eighth nf the 25.000.COO pounds ol cil obtained in thai early yrar <.vas cs- norted. Cottonseed gradually ;l » Tcator economic imporlunc' ler figure is only slightly below the nmoiinl rcalistxt in 1P28-25. a yrnr of rclulivcly lilgh consumer purchasing }>o\vcr. The rite in li;e price of cottou- uwljsced has been fostered not onlv l)j as | the drop in the quantity of'cot- markets, both hen: ond a broad. | lansrcd iiroduccd but, ;ils-) by the woe opened. r,v 1W7. ilu- . lion of seed iv,u:h::d Hi.' Wall total .^l.iinljiiis Trade I'racticcs .Tile Doard. through its I lias set up regulations of conduct in Ihc wile, and purchmc of colloit by ii.s members. Tlic cotton industry has many word-of-mouth and despite the fact that market ! prices aie nlmnr.t consUnnlly iug r.?ldom is tlicrc u dispute over nidi transactions, even tiiough-un- tidixittd ijrotits aro sometime; quickly converted into losses^ V^hcn confu.sion or mL'undcr- ilnndlug docs arire between members of the Board I hoy may invoke a by-l,ift" oi the organization, providing for ccilk'iucnt of their pules by a Board of Arbilralion if j tlw.y ricsirc. . As in ll'.f var-iuus board;, of trade in the larger cillc.-, ECtdom iirc ciic courls rtwrltd to by members to settle (tirir dtiputss AILsundcrfctaiiding.s requiring the services of a Hoard of Arbitration arc not frequent. There has not been such a settlement here for about two years. Ttm lasi. was accepted as linal by the: pstlics involved on Ihc rendering of flic board's order. Tlic Klythcvillc Board of Trade in. pi'CiC-nt consists of 50 members. W. 1. Osbovnc is president. D. b Wii:ou is viL'C-prcsidciit and John V. Lent! is .srcrelary-lruibttrci 1 . The bo.nd of directors Is composed ol oils and competitive llnishi'd Louis Applrb.imn. Cicorjje M. U-c erably more rupid than Ilio increase In 111'; jiricc of lint ciitton. Whereas lfe s average price obtaicd for lint 'iias approximately doubled, the i price received for serd In the crop . tual dollars Iho [arm price of rot- loiiEced has moved up from S9.5I per Ion to $34.76 j«r loi). Tliis lat , t-! decline in Ihe supply of comiicll- Mississippi coinily : fariiicrs arc lin- unco of tiic latter Is vlcclarcd to bi 000 for crops- ; whlell :lht.y sell lo | due' to. the fact that Canadian the local plant which hn.v an. nn- vcr. dollars liavlhg come back freq Iv tnlo circnlallon, neldltional sup mcnt of HID canning- industry \>\ porting weight Is needed foi trou- The plant affords parl lime employment to hundreds or persons, If You Want to Buy Got ton or Sell Cot ton J. E.HASSON Buying Agent for Export and Domestic . Shippc'rH . I'honcs -171 - .127 HIvDievillc s. s. yi EKMJIJIK; I'rcsidrnl of V.MH.COO Ions, of v.-lwh C.30a.000i product.s v.'.iich dircclly allccfcd tho I K. C. P.itlon. II. U. Hughes. U H. - - -- Ions, or sii:vfnt-.v-nine p^r cmt. wca-; «cin:ind and price of cotlcntcccl oil I Welch. J. P, iruicV.cH, D. G. Weil, one fourth of the value of (lie lint, i crus'ncd. Tills sei-d y::-l;!cd rnulr'anil product, chart II Illustrates I Fred Rutherford. C. C. Lanjitoil \\jlilc the major iuipartrnicr. ot! cottomc.;d prcduc'.. vii'-i « total;'iir rffrcl. of Ibc;-,: price chaii'scil and t'lic prctijcnl. vicc-pvctklcnl. me seed Is in its edible- oil con-'vahu- of ?2U>.00?.t>W While that I en the value of cattoiibccil prod- and iccrelary. The laic S. S. Stcrnljcrg founded .tlit; .Slmibevg Cuttou Co., in. iil'tci- lie hud been a member of Ihe ,'lJertig Store Co., linsV sivcc 1007. lie, with other unspltish and fiti'-sightcd leaders, n-iide it possible for Clythevillu to buconiu the trade center of this section. The contideiice the. people luuj in him, was proved 'by the f».ct he \\a» able to build, up, the largest' giit- in Arkansas. .'• ; • The .present- management viias.-.always .;, hold.;- true to- the traditions established by him of fair.dcttling to all. . •• STERNBERG do:

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