The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on December 30, 1952 · Page 7
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 7

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Tuesday, December 30, 1952
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'TUESDAY, DEC. 50, 1952 New Congress May Give The Atom a Civilian Job (Editors Nolei When will the atom be harnessed for Industry? Will the .government .or private business play the major role? The prospects and problems involvec nre discussed below In the Sirs , of a series of four articles 01: atomic energy.) By S'i'UHI.iSG F. GHKFN WASHINGTON W) _ The neu Congress may give Ihe atom a ' Job in. civilian life. Within two or Ihree years, officials estimate, a small pioneer ""package" atomic plant, could be .producing limited quantities o electric power for industry. In five years or less, a large cen ' Iral atomic plant, could be built • generating-energy by the millions of kilowatts instead of thousands and also turning out Plutonium for [Horn bombs. But today there are no plaiv to construct either. Industry Is not . ready to risk millions of dollars of stockholders h"M e nm ex " erime n'a' plants that hold Ijttle promise of profits for many years. The Atomic Energy Commission Is not yet ready to divert the money or resources from defense. These proposals and others however, are almost certain, to be • heard early In the new year before the Joint Congressional Commil ee on Atomic Energy. R ep . Car T. Durham CD-NC); outgoing cnairman, has announced he will ask for hearings quickly on Industrial participation In"the atomic program, now a government monopoly. J" "™ 1 ' r «P.u!re anywhere from 10 fc> 60 years, according to ex• peri es Imates compiled In a report this month by ihe eontres- ' Gionul committee, before atomic> generated electric power can be made cheaply enough to compete \vim energy from coal, oil or water power. HanU RecDiumrnded . T. shorten ttie time, officials and Indasirjr experts agree, It probably WJll.be necessary to gain experience from the erection and operation of BKperlmentai plnnls sn d .prototyp. reactors. They estimate the eost at five million dollars or mor« for Hie little "package" power plant and 60 to 80 million dollars for the large plant that would turn out both power and Plutonium Pressure Is building up O n Con- grew and-the AEC to break the Ice—t. work out some kind of in' dustry - government partnership which will enlist the driving force ' of private competition in atomic development. The idea of a per- "lietual government monopoly Is not accepted by AEC, Congress or in-' riustry. • The AEC Is writing; n report on , Its views for the proposed congressional, hearings. It also created this fall an office of Industrial development, with orders to plan for a day when "industry will carry on Its own a substantial parl of the-national atomic -program " The Immediate objectives are limited. Real-life prospects do rot Indtcat. early fulfillment of any dreams of autos which operate for . their lifetime on one atomic pill fL"?".*^ 1 * "• ' ueled ' "Shted f an atomic storage , ... Where coet« counts little, as I mutters, of national security won , cry wonders are possible. An atomic sub• •marme Is ° m, f j'Z. • B a deOB <ie- These coul lean to atom-powered ocean liner . the way and be ln the ld • But atomic reactors are bulkv «nd costly. ' y They present enormous problems In the conversion of heal to power and hi disposal of radioactive waste. They must be walled be. hind six feet of- concrete or the equivalent. . , Expect : a Savliig L. R. Hafslad, AEC's chief of reactors development, Illustrates as /olloivs one flaw In the popular conception of the atomic age: Even It Ihe government gave aw«y power generated from the atom, the consumer of electricity could expect & saving of not more than 25 to 30.per cent on his elec- .trlc bill.. That Is because Ihe reactor Is merely (he equivalent of the fuel box'and holler In a' coal-fueled plnnl. Jt produces only the heat To make electricity requires heaU transfer equipment <not yet perfected for atomic plants), turbines S, ene ,', Bl °,'' s ""d the same type of distribution system used In conventional power plants. The coal, oil and gas Industries therefore are not quaking In their boots—even though uranium reserves contain 10 times the energy of U. S. oil reserves and a pound of uranium holds energy equal to 2,600,000 tons of coal. The utility companies are anxious lo see a start on an industrial atomic prd- gram. Nfanagement of the program requires unraveling a web "of legal obstacles under the Atomic Energy Act. Industry would like the government to foot most of the developmental bills. U wants an assured supply of uranium "fuel" from tho sole owner, Uncle Sam. Tlw AEC on its side must deice among a host of ^ vital questions whether K now can relax its emphasis on military problems sufficiently to delve into civilian matters; whether It can write terms under which private Interests are admitte'd Into an industry developed with public funds; and how to subsidize an Industry which almost certainly will need subsidies for a time, possibly /or a long time. On .the technical side, much of Industry Is no stranger to the atom. Most of the atomic weapons program — which as an Industry compares in scale with General Motors or United States Steel—Is managed by private contractors on a cost-plus basis. Industry's interest In an atomic !iectric power plant has'grown and numerous proposals have been advanced. Most of- (hem rely on the fact that a reactor can be butlt to produce both energy and a new supply of , fissionable materials for sale (o the government. By paying enough for the latter, Iho government could, In effect, absorb part of the cost of power. Other proposals Include: 1. An Industry proposal that AEC build and own a pilot-plant reactor. Once It Is completed and .technical questions answered, Industry might invest In a.-full-scale plant...., .. 2. Anolher 'industry plan, from' DOW Chemical Company and Detroit Edison Company: That Government research be continued until technical problems are solved, whereon "the two companies would like to build and operate a commercial-sized reactor 'plant usln" prlvnte capital and without re°course to governmental funds." 3. A proposal bavin? considerable support In government and .ndustry: The government would build and own • reactor to make power and Plutonium; on the same site, prlvnte utilities would build the necessary facilities to take olt the energy nmi distribute (t. No change in the Atomic Energy Act would ba needed. 4. The -"power package" proposal: This plan, under serioun AEO consideration, calls for fed- eral'construction of a small plant n an isolated area where conven- ional. power Is excsssively high priced. AEC lj now making- i sur- •ey of such marginal power areas BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS Forget Washday Drudgery, Send Us Your Laundry! LAUNDRY -CLEANERS 20001 1500 1000 500 HOME.JUILDING 1952 tit. I 7,^1 1 7Ji t» men I of Labor. where atomic energy might be competitive. * . 5. The all-government approach- AEC might build the first plant and generate power for It 5 OWI1 Use. The atomic program, far from adding (o the country's power capacity, next year will be consuming 2Ji per cent of all power produced. S. The foundation proposal: Advanced by a former AEC member this plan suggests that private foundations pool their funds to finance an atomic power plant for developmental purposes. 7. The offshore proposal: 'An atomic power plant might 'pay its way in countries where electricity costs more than in the United States; several have suggested that Point Four appropriations might be used lo build H pioneer reactor in some underdeveloped country. It is quite possible that England will show. America the way. Britain reportedly plans to start next year the world's first nuclear fission plant lo provide power for industry. The electricity Is expected to cost about three times what high-priced power costs in this country. Royburn Heads For Washington BONHAM. Tex. (JP> _ Rep. Sam Rayburn, who served longer than ""y.,,other man as speaker, of the House of Rcprcsentatives,"was to leave here today by train to be on hsnd for the opening of the 83rd Congress Saturday. The veteran Texas Democrat, completing 40 years in Congress, is expected to serve as House minority leader In the coming session. Ark-Mo to Handle Financing for Pipe Installations Arkansas-Missouri Power Co today announced beginning of R financing service for natural gas Installations. Utility officials'aald-the service was being inaugurated . to speed connections for those persons who want gas but are deliylng because of (he cost. , i The •consumer still contracts'with the. plumber, heating contractor or appliance dealer of his choice for In- stallation.of pipe between the. meter and the gas'-ustng appliances The utility handles only the Jinanc- [Ing, may be from 12 lo 3« months depending on size ot the Infilalla- New Mati FACTORY S' TELEVISION CENTER- Stucro bung. 1 blk. HollyU i Vme. Heal for office, business IMni. Adj. to NBC. CBS J75 Mr. OeSurt, HI-C15 BEAUT. 2ND FL. OFFICES ON HOLLTD BLVD. * IN HUNT- IGTON PARK REAS RENT "'NKH- HE-56K HR13 Ventura \ . e real »«. public Plenty of pa L -n- nu Safeway ORE— rum keep your eye on SLEEF IALI Ftr vVOOO nn s». - delivery > k fri. till 9. JOST RECEl the WANT ADS ««, 3000 >q. tl~'6tnet' «ullf. »l«o 1 rm. 30x10, am 18x30. 1 lavMorltt Park'* tol GU33M -,, — f^- Ad* placed befor* 9 a.m. will appear same day. All classified advertising payable in advance. BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS 'Grandma' To P/ead Innocent LOS ANGELES (f> - Mrs. Ethel Ar»t», the «o-c»lled grandma bank bnndit, will plead Innocent to ban)! robbery, her attorney eays. on the ground dig acted under an uncontrollable love for the human race This defense wa» outlined yesterday by Atty. Joan Jfflrlln a ft er an hour-long conference with her 52- yc»r-oJd client, Mrs. Araln, whose father was the late Robert Catts, New York multimillionaire, li charged with Ihrce counls of bani robbery, Catts lost hi» fortune In the crash of J029. The famed Duncan ulsters O [ the «t«ge. Rosetta and Vivian, were turned away from the Jail. They were trying to see Mrs. Arata, who Jflng the lead In their "Tousy and Ev&" back In 1923. 1 Miss Martin told newsmen: "1 am convinced she committed the robberies under the uncontrollable and IrrsslsUble ImpuUe of love for people—Just people." Mre. Arala had told newsmen *h« h»d gii-en much of her booty away. PAGE SEVEN 1 Tallest llirhlhouse m the United States Is at Cape Haticras N C It Is 194 (eel tnll. lion. Ark-Mo officials said such mortgagors must be homeowners or have firm lease on the property. 7952 Was Worst Strike Year Since '46, Labor Records Say WASHINGTON. Dec. 30 -e year now closing brought. more strikes and more Idleness from work stoppages than any period since (he Industrial convulsions of IB46, the Labor Department reported today, , 0 ^ S £i rt 4 ' 950 5 '°I' na 8cs began In , J I s w " cl ° se to '"a "cord or 4,080 set In iDie when labor went after Its "first round" of postwar wage boosts. The 194B strike wave had much lo do with enactment cf the Taft- Harllcy Industrial Relations Act n the following year, Stoppages in 1952 exceedcd-ln number of shutdowns, workers Involved, and (lays of production lost— any pre- V '" S J ' ear " r ' d "' (ho Tlilrly.four major stoppages. Involving more than 10.000 workers each, were recorded in the survey made by the Bureau of Labor Statistics IDLS). The biggest 'was the two- month strike of the CIO United Sleelworkcrs. API, unions were Involved In 17 of the major stoppages, CIO unions In 12, and Independent unions In 0. The Industry most hit was construction; It hart 7 big strikes, 5 of them affecting projects of the Atomic Energy Commission. Strikes of all sizes outnumbered Ilic 1951 total hy about 5 per cent. but man-days of Idleness more than doubled— increasing [ r0 m 22,000 000 in 1851 to 55 million (Ills' year (A man-day Is the time of" one man for one (lav.) Some 314 million workers were Involved In this year's stoppage! .is against 2,200,000 last year Economic Issues, primarily w»»- es, were (he dominant OIUM o« the large shutdowns, BLS oald In Severn I cases, Including the steel strike, the wage Issue was related to demands for union security. Sen.'McCarthy Decorated By Marines 'WASHINGTON M-^Sen. McCar- hy iB-Wis) received six decorations from his World War n service from the Marine conu yesterday, almost eight years after his discharge. The presentation,'in the senator's office, was made by col. John R Lanlgan, comamnding officer of the Fifth Reserve Marine District McCarthy, an air combat Intelligence officer, flew 30 combat missions In the Pacific. •Hie citations - for the Dlstln- gjife'iert Flytiuf Cross, the Air Medal and four stars in lieu of additional nir medals—were signed by Secretary of the Navy Klmball. I ho Distinguished Hying Cross .was awarded, in the words of the citation, "for heroism and extraordinary achievement ..." Lanlgan said the long delay in formal presentation of the awards \YEIS not unusual. SEE THE INAUGURATION 1953 Airline 21-inch TV Reg. 289.95 Federal fax Included $269 Year warranty $10 txtra o front-row seal for Ihe Preitdenllol InauguroKo.! wift rhn 2 \' coniol*. Thfi TV wt hot K)« MW jirnpllfled ens-knob tuning. Automatic gain control provenri pkJur. jittan. nt.rf wfely gloH proteclt rh« picture lub« ond eliminate] room re- flectioni. Se| haj buill-in provisionj for UHF and can be adapted lo all futur. UHF chonneli. Dial U calibrated for aR VHFand UHFcharmels. $ I Odown on T.rmt, NO REFLECTED LIGHT Tilled Kifely glan endj aH room reflec- tk>m of>d ofiowi you to place rhe tel in •ny pou'lion foe comforlobl. viewins. ONE KNOB TUNING Only one dial to tune both sound and pic- twe. No other dials la fuit wild, Jutf Kn« in your channel and then forget it, . HOW AND UV£—ONLY $10 DOWN ON IERMS J

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