The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on July 1, 1936 · Page 52
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 52

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Wednesday, July 1, 1936
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Page 52
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SECTION !^J Farm Agents Made Their Rounds on Horseback in Early Days When Arkniisas had •. liardly more than become of ago, Just 20 years after Its cntrnuco Into the Union, the United Sluto government mado Us first move in the Interest of education and agriculture, 'niat was the beginning of a series of epochal years which were to mean much to the ngi-leul- ture of this slnte, namely, 1803 1S87, niid 1914. ; The Mori-Ill Acl of 1803 was the beginning ol MIC i ah( i grain colleges and uiilvcrjlttes. Through the sale of,publ!c land, granted the states by the act, funds were set. aside for "Use endowment, sup- ' port, and maintenance of ill lensl, otic college where the leading object shall be, without excluding other scientific and classical ilurt- I ies, 16 leach such bjnnches of' Ifenmlng as are related lo agriculture and mechanic ails . . " The signing of this bill liy President Lincoln was the first of a series of acts that followed hi the interest of. agriculture. However, Arkansas wax In the throes of the civil War when the Mori-Ill Act became a law and it was not mill! 1871 that the University, then designed as Arkansas -Industrial University, wns located. On January Tl, 1873, Hie University officially opened for class Work hi two frame buildings. Sis students were enrolled at that, time, soine of whom Imd to travel by slage coach to • reach Fayellc- Vllle. •-.. First Jliillilliig in 1805 There was n pupation jicrlotl of 33 years, from 1812 to 1905. before Hie College of Agriculture tame Into being. Agricultural education in the early days of the University • consisted of n few courses; In Issii a department of agriculture wns organized; In 1801 the department became n school of agriculture, nnd Iti 1085 this division became the College of Agriculture. It was In this year that a brick building w"s erected on the. campus to house the college of agriculture. Paralleling this transition and growth was the development of the Arkansas Experiment Station. A portion of the land purchased lor the University site wns set aside for' the University farm. At first It 'was largely a dcmonslm- ;HISTORY IN PICTURES of Agricultural Education IN ARKANSAS _HLYTHEVlLbK,; (ARK.)- COURIER NEWS' With a small approDrlnllon voted by congress, Jaines T . W ilson hen secretary of agriculture Z ed to his assistance' the late Dr acaman A, Knapp, ,, ow known is on f wort ° Toag ^ UltUraI » ion «oifc. To Texas went llt- Knapp, *l,o was ra, nl ,uT wu' southern conditions, to studv Vi asecl's hablU and to (1) Oeorge C. rye nhri Mis. Eiunm Archer, (list county and home agent In Pulaski cm.nly in the horse and uggy da), of eMenslon ,wmk. O , T.le entrance, to the agr.cutura, Inillding the he d- mm le s of the University of Alkai ras college of Agriculture and hub of research. lcochli« ,«d exlensto, work n he stale. Tl,l.s building » rt completed In 1027. and represents o,,o o the most Iten an KlcntUICAlly equipped buildings In the Uhlted stales. ,3. A. V.-S W »ty, first district age,, 1 Ar Lisa appollitcd In 1DH. Mr. swnty was agelUJn arant county In those earlv days. (4) rjnrl g »„w^i l«b way in UU when home demonstrulion agents We,, stressing safe methods o,ri» "L ™ Um Ta major problem of that time. <M The;,ni,t -agricultural building, built In ,% 5 , «,„, wh! h "C the home oconomta building. ,o) The.first home of tho. Arkansas Experiment Station, built in 1888 o™ y nl(er 1|1C ' >llssn 6e «' Uio i!i.tel, Act which provided -funds 1 for agricultural research' In 1887, as years after, the patc- igo of (he Merrill Acl, the llnlch bill was passed by Congress and signed by President Cleveland. -This nut provided for funds to I Agriculture, mul In ' February 17 linn Irtrm nn/l .no.. ,,.-„.] *„ „[.._ , nnn .. : . t'lt.nijr 11, tlon farm and was used to give work to students. support' • experimental- -work -In 1888, the Arkansas Experiment Station was organized which is the research phase of ; the • Col- 'E JOIN OUR GOOD FRIENDS AND lego of Agriculture, Branch sta- tlorts were also established at Jonesboro, Pine Bluff, and TeX- arkana. These were mere experimental fields rather than brahch stations. Nosv perinaneht Branch Siatloiis art located In Lee, Arlc- niiEas, and Hcmpstead counties dealing wllli i (searches .In cotton' rice, fruit and truck field crops' and some l,20i acres of land aie' now devoted lo agricultural ic- Eearch. Boll Weevil Gave Impetus • •When (he Mexican boll weevil crowed the Rio Grande In the early ItlOO's to Invade the Texas cotton Jletds nnd to be ft ae ,.| 0 i, threat throuehout the c , lire South, little did oldsters i-cnllr* that this pestiferous, h"ec ™was raising the curt«ln on the C- ludc to Agricultural Extension work In the United States. Out of this war on the boll wecvl grew the realization by busing men and farmers alike • of (lie need lor public workers in e S WEDNESDAV, JULY 1, 1930 A B rlc,mure .,"• J - L - Lelb. Bentoir j E ' c NEIGHBORS THROUGHOUT THE LENGTH AND BREADTH 0 « OF- ARKANSAS IN PROUD CELEBRATION OF THE ONE HUNDREDTH ANNIVERSARY OF OUR STATE __- •-*- ^--he 'bauxite '-deposit ia-Salirialaad Pulaski -Counties;- first discovered near - Little - Rock -by - tha late"-John - C.: Branner : *"* ' ^S^^v- • * •;* + Aikanaaa-State-Geologist;;ara-among-the slate's .contribution •<., vy.'-'-'t^a-..- .« ' K S^)H- aij? _ ,, ,:, •to- our- economic-life:- We--h4ve-been--.ideftUtt«d,with--«»; •«.'„& ' bauxite industry in Arkansas (or-more-than a tlurd of Manufacturing Comna . ^^ s^' ,Pye, Pulaski; T, .;. Neely, Peny; J. H. Qayer, Scljastlan; 6 M Tugglc, Logan; j. rt, Woods, Mont, gomery; Bcb McOuslln, Drew Jim Martin. Sebastian; J. w. Far- ller, Faiilkncr and ConwaV W c VWkery, Yell; A. il. HcaVc'ner eeott; u. S. Jol-dan. Searcy; arid J. A. Marks, Washington. Travel on Horseback These pioneer agents were selected because of their ability as successful, practical farmers, because of their leadership abilities and because of their good standing in their communities.' in the beginning, these men had onlj one main duty to,perfohn, Ural of teaching people how to produce cotton under boll weevil conditions, and that one Job kept them busy. These agents traveled on horseback, usually leaving home on Monday and returning Saturday. Their offices were where- cver the horses were tied. Their equipment consisted of a horse saddle, saddle bags, note book' and n supply of government cir- culai-s. Each agent ha-t from 20 to 30 farmers scattered well over the county growing a few acres of cotton under the agent's direction. Also each agent had to sec each cooperating farmer and his plot of cotton once a month. On those plots the agent held field meetings. Tiicse coo'perathlg farmers were termed "demonstrators" In about 1812 homo demonstration work got under way. Miss Emma Archer was the first stale home demonstration agent working exclusively under federal funds. Likewise these early home demonstrallon agents traveled by horse and buggy and resorted to (he side-saddle when the roads narrowed to mere trails and buggy travel became Impossible. These agents were Ihen frequently called^ "lady canning agents" because much of the work was devoted to food preservation which was piie cf the chief problems "of tiial time. Today some 50,000 farm Women arc members of home demonstration clubs, engaged in a wide variety of activities in home making. •. . .. The year 1DU marked Inc. establishment of extension work as a cooperative rural educational enterprise between federal, state and county governments when President Wilson signed the Smith-Lever bills. Responsibilities nn d programs lii'.vc grown, have broadened, and have come to embrace hot only the individual practices and en- Icrprtses that lead ' lo improved farm and home conditions and standards but to deal ivith social ind economic factors that affect the faun, the farm home, and'the farm community. Likewise the agents themselves have developed broader vision and higher stand- arc's of service to rural people, all th6 result of their broad training and education of recent ye«rs. . From that small but Important beginning back In 1905 has,grown this service or Ihc University of. Arkansas College of AgVlculture,' particularly in the last 12 years. Every county In Arkansas how en- Joys the services of a county agent and a home demonstration agent. Some of the larger counties have i either Mil tune or imlf time assistant agtnls, and a total of 182 county and home demonstration tagents are now serving rural people of this state, stt per cent or},, ivhom ate graduates of the Uni^f verslty o( Arkansas College of Agriculture—home trained, home people, serving home folk. Aluminum first wns Isolated in 1838 by scientists Davy and vvoh- ler. In 1886, Hamilton v. cast- ner, of New York, perfected u plan of manufacturing aluminum fts n sh6et metal. When A Hamburger (iels l('e Picture In Ihc I'd per— THAT'S NEWS!" lint hum burgers as good as ours deserve pub-, licity, and that's why we're telling you about thorn. Made from the choicest ineal, cooked our special way mul sei'ved on nice, fresh buns. They just can't help being good. Why not try one? DICK'S CAFE •10!) W. Main Home Cooked Plate Lunches > - 25c n —Just as true-today as'when Shakespeare wrote those famous lines. Good entertainment is'no longer tie- peudeiit upon the slage and a season of road shows - - for the best on Broadway is.boughl by Hollywood and reproduced on the sereeii, and the lliiz and the Roxy Theatre* bring Ihese famous screen hits lo Btytheville, oftentimes before they are shown in I he larger cities of I he Mid-South. li-ovKlmg enlertainmonl l.o meet the demands of greater Lmui-e winch modern business and industry arc making po^be through shorter hours for its employees has been one of the major problems ol the him industry. To arrange u program that offers the vSrioty an tufjience demanas milhons of dollars worth of film flickei-s across the screen during two hours entertainment that may begin with a , and do a closlup *of-African ' ' ' lo select out of this production a program-which will,please, and entertam-is the responsibly of the present-day manager of u cinema theatre-a painstaking job to which the manager of the Rita and Roxy gives unlimited hours in reviewing and research to provide the Imest and most popular pictures of the screen for."their-patrons Mr. and Mrs, 0. IF, McCutcken

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