The Morning News from Wilmington, Delaware on August 24, 1985 · Page 33
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The Morning News from Wilmington, Delaware · Page 33

Wilmington, Delaware
Issue Date:
Saturday, August 24, 1985
Page 33
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Aptly paired dramas 03 This, too, shall pass m A proud Polish heritage E)6 The News Journal Wilmington, Del. Saturday, Aug. 24,1985 Prayers, not sanctions Pastor who accompanied Falwell to South Africa says reform is under way By EILEEN C.SPRAKER Staff reporter THE REV. Ron Adrian - still suffering jet lag from his trip to South Africa with the Rev. Jerry Falwell told his New Castle congregation this week that South Africa needs prayer and understanding, not economic sanctions. Adrian, pastor of First Baptist Church, New Castle, was part of a group that Falwell put together nastily to make the South Africa trip. The trip cost Adrian's church nothing. Falwell's office in Lynchburg, Va., has said only that the trip "was paid for from private funds." In an interview, Adrian said, "I understood it was financed by American and South African businessmen." Adrian said the travelers were provided with police and military protection and, often, transportation by the South African government. Since the group's return, Falwell, leader of the Moral Majority, has denounced An glican Bishop Desmond Tutu of South Africa, 1984 Nobel Peace Prize winner, as a "phony." Both he and Adrian blame "communist agitators" for much of the unrest in South Africa. Adrian told his congregation this week that "apartheid is un-Christian; it is wrong ... but the government is taking positive and deliberate steps away from segregation. Reform has become its official policy." Adrian, who got home Wednesday morning, was among eight conservative pastors invited to accompany Falwell on the five-day mission. He and Falwell are old friends; Falwell has appeared at First Baptist on occasion. Adrian and others on the Falwell tour say reinvestment is what South Africa needs. In an interview after his service Wednesday, Adrian said Falwell is seeking "as much as $2 million" to launch a national television, telephone and mail campaign asking U.S. senators to vote "no" on economic sanctions. "We should be offering help and not helping those who would impose oppression worse than apartheid on all of the South African people," Falwell has told the press. ADRIAN QUOTED the South African constitution, which declares, "We are conscious of our responsibility toward God and man" and pledges "to uphold Christian values and civilized norms, with recognition and protection of freedom of faith and worship." Adrian told his congregation, "We found the constitution is being upheld by its government for its people. ... We were pleasantly surprised and amazed at the spiritual strength of the nation." He told of praying with the black mayor and town officials in Soweto, where much of the recent unrest has occurred. Adrian said the blacks with whom he spoke say Tutu does not represent them. Attempts to set up interviews with Tutu and with the Rev. Allan Boesak of the Afri can National Congress were unsuccessful, he said. The party did spend some time with heart-transplant surgeon Dr. Christiaan Barnard, whose liberal viewpoint they rejected. "He is extremely engaging and forceful but incredibly egotistical," Adrian said, "and he called communism 'a big ghost.' " The Baptist pastor said government officials and townspeople were cordial toward the group. "There is a another side to the South African story that is not getting through to the American people. We felt the greatest hostility from the American media," he said. Falwell organized the trip to South Africa "in a week and two or three days," his office in Lynchburg said. In addition to Falwell and Adrian, the group included Ron Godwin of Lynchburg, executive vice- ? resident of Moral Majority; reporters Cal homas of the Los Angeles Times Syndicate and John Lofton of the Washington Times; the Rev. Jerry Prevo of Anchorage (Alaska) Baptist Temple; the Rev. Ben Armstrong, president of the National Religious Broadcasters; the Rev. La Verne Butler, Louisville, Ky.; the Rev. Marvin Rickard, Los Gatos, Calif.; the Rev. Don George, Irving, Tex.; and the Rev. E.G. Robertson, Hialeah, Fla. Though the conservative pastors believe pulling out American money would probably only cause many blacks to lose their jobs, some other religious leaders say sanctions are the way to deal with apartheid. Many of them, including some from Delaware, have gotten themselves arrested in demonstrations in front of the South African Embassy in Washington. The Rev. Joseph E. Lowery, president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, has called on Congress to impose sanctions on South Africa. He proposes a timetable for divestment in consultation with black leaders in South Africa. See SOUTH AFRICA D6 Mormons stockpile food for hard times Cannery workers honor faith 's tradition of giving By EILEEN CSPRAKER Staff reporter . HARVEST TIME finds Mormon church members observing the tradition of the fabled ant who stocks up on food for leaner days. This month, Delmarva members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints have been packing food away at the church's cannery in Bridgeport, in southern New Jersey about an hour from Wilmington. The operation stems from the Mormon conviction that people of the faith should care for themselves and for one another in hard times. For several weekends, Wilmington-area church members have been serving their church by canning corn. One of them is Richard Bushman, for whom cutting corn off the cob is a far cry from regular work. He teaches history at the University of Delaware in Newark. In the church, Bushman is bishop of the Elkton (Md.) Ward (the church's term for a congregation). On Aug. 16, he took the 6 p.m -to-midnight shift along with other volunteers to can corn. His supervisor that night was Parker Eugene Dean from the University of Delaware security staff. Bushman's son, Serge, a college student, and Kenneth McVicker, a helicopter maintenance man with the Air National Guard, along with Bonita Cherry, a young mother of two, were also on the crew. Oliver McPherson is chairman of the canning operation for the Wilmington Stake, a mid-Atlantic jurisdiction that includes congregations in Wilmington, Dover and Elkton. Members this month have been canning corn grown by the church's Reading (Pa.) Stake. Volunters from the Wilmington West Ward took the 6-to-midnight shift Friday night; Wilmington Ward workers will, handle tonight's shift. The cannery closes Sunday. Each Friday, 1 Vi tons of corn arrives at the cannery, says Frank Weston, cannery and storehouse manager. "We'll be canning corn through the middle of September, when we get the last harvest," he says. Weston, a former Pennsylvanian and a veteran of 11 years in the Marine Corps, is the only paid worker at the warehouse-cannery. He lives with his wife and daughter in Elmer, N.J. The Delmarva Mormons are being aided in the canning by members of the church from Philadelphia and New Jersey. Weston said a shift of 25 workers can process 25 cases or 600 cans of corn in six to eight hours. Before the canning season ends, the Bridgeport operation will also process 300 cases of apple juice (7,200 cans of 26 ounces each), 385 cases of pork and beans and 200 cases of corn. The produce and the volunteer labor to process it come from New York, New Jersey, Maryland, Delaware and Pennsylvania. The churchwide practice of stockpiling a year's supply of food began in 1936, on the heels of the Depression, when many people I - 'If K ' r Roy Queenan photos Robert Pierce (left) and Richard Bushman cut corn in preparation for canning. were out of work and had lost their savings in bank failures. Mormon leaders decided that each family should have a full year's supply of food and that regional communal warehouses and canneries should be set up. There are now 52 church-owned canneries around the country. The one in Bridgeport is one of six in the Northeast Region, centered around Washington. The Mormons are prepared for food crises. Not only is each family expected to have a home storehouse capable to keep it going for a year, but they're expected to contribute to the regional stockpiles. T IHE SUPPLIES also go to needy Mor mons and, when possible, help neighbors and friends. Each cannery's quotas are set by church headquarters in Salt Lake City. The Bridgeport cannery and storehouse were built and equipped about three years ago for $1.5 million. Weston is certified by the U.S. Department of Agriculture for food processing, and so are several of the volunteers. Others are experts in pressure cookers and canning techniques. Weston coordinates volunteer activities, meets with local church leaders to decide what will be canned and helps set up work schedules. He also has prepared two videotapes to help train cannery workers. Individual Mormon families also can schedule their home canning at the cannery, at no charge except for the cost of produce and cans. Weston calculates that 500 volunteer hours are needed each month to keep things going. Volunteers drive and clean trucks, fill orders, clean the warehouse and cannery, stock shelves, care for the grounds and do clerical work, he says. 'I- M - W Shroud doctor becomes expert on crucifixions Mike Wheeler downs around at cleanup. By WILLIAM G. SHUSTER Associated Press IN AN ornate silver casket behind an iron grill in a church altar in Turin, Italy, lies the subject of an ancient mystery that Dr. Joseph M. Gambescia has worked a third of a century to unravel. The mystery involves the Shroud of Turin, one of the world's most controversial religious relics. The ivory-colored linen cloth bears the image of a man who was whipped, tortured and crucified. Is the shroud the burial cloth of Jesus Christ? Or is it a bogus? The debate has bubbled since the 14th century. Gambescia, professor of medicine at Hahnemann University in Philadelphia and chairman of the Department of Medicine at Philadelphia's St. Agnes Medical Center, has spent most of his adult life using medical science to answer these questions. In the process, he has become a medical expert on crucifixion. Gambescia started studying the shroud in 1955 at the request of the Rev. Adam J. Otterbein, director of the Holy Shroud Guild and a key figure in promoting scientific and public interest in the shroud in the United States. Otterbein, a proponent of scientific analysis of the ancient cloth, approached such varied groups as photographic experts at Eastman Kodak Co., chemists in a New York City police crime lab and the FBI. On the recommendation of a former Hahnemann pathology department chairman, Otterbein sought out Gambescia, then a young doctor directing a Hahnemann GI Research unit. Otterbein asked him to study "the mechanics of death in a person who is crucified," Gambescia said. Intrigued, Gambescia agreed. He already was experienced in pathology. Although a devout Catholic, he knew virtually nothing about the Shroud of Turin, "so I came without any opinion of it, which was ideal," he said. His biggest problem was and is finding time. Gambescia's efforts are donated. "Everytime I had some free time, I worked on it," he said. Gambescia squeezed his studies on crucifixion between his duties as a. father to 16 children, doctor, professor, lecturer and administrator. His deepening fascination with the subject drove him to make time. Gambescia's conclusions combine his knowledge of crucifixion, history, medicine and anatomy. One conclusion he has reached is that two nails, not one, were hammered into the crucified man's feet contradicting artistic renditions of the crucifixion and accounts of biblical scholars. The idea was spurred by a picture in Gambescia's home, done by German Renaissance artist Mathias Grunewald. The artist depicted the crucified Christ with a single spike through both feet. As he passed it daily, Gambescia began viewing it differently. "Knowing the anatomy of the ankle, it wasn't possible for legs and feet to react as traditionally depicted," he said. "One day, as I looked at the feet and ankles in the picture, it w f i Si. ; Dr. Joseph Gambescia studies the Shroud of Turin. dawned on me: There had to be two nails. One nail couldn't have held up a body." And if there were two nails, "there had to be two bleeding points" pictured on the shroud, he said. Inspection of the blood spots near the footprints by photography and color enhancement has confirmed his theory: A nail was apparently driven through the ankle and heel of the right foot, and another nail was driven through the center of the left foot and into the right one beneath. The latter is traditionally assumed to be the only nail. Knowledge of anatomy solved another problem, too the mystery of the bent arm. STUDY BY other researchers of the angle of bloodstains along the arms indicated that the man had repeatedly pulled himself up to breathe before slipping down into the "hanging" position. But they were puzzled that in the "up" position, his left arm was stretched out on the crossbeam but his right arm was bent 45 degrees at the elbow. Studying blood flow, photos of the image and the position of the nailed feet, Gambescia decided the arm was bent because of the way the man had been impaled on the cross. "When you put one foot on top of the other, the body twists in the direction of the top foot, and that is exactly what happened," he said ; Nailing his left foot over the right pivoted the man slightly to the right. With the ankle, knee and pelvic femur acting as a unit, the crucified man favored his right side and arm when pushing up to breathe. This finding was strong evidence that the cloth image was not a fraud, Gambescia said. "The bent arm is a fact no artist would realize," he said. "They have everything symmetrical." Gambescia also has demonstrated that a post-mortem separation of red blood cells from plasma could have caused the "watery bloodstains" found on the cloth on See STUDIES D

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