The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on July 1, 1936 · Page 42
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 42

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, July 1, 1936
Page 42
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PAGE 2 SECTION B' BLYTIIEVII;LE,-{ARK.) "COURIER NEWS WEDNESDAY, j/n/v i, lose Sans Souci" A Storyj)f^Mississippi County COW ' Sans Souci-Old New antation Life Years of Peace and War and ReconstiuctionBring Joy and Sonow lly JOSEPHINE GKiDEH JACOB* "Thfi story of Sans Souci mus fcejln with the account ot the mar rlsje of fhe joung couple win wefe to build Hie honic' and clear the virgin forest, from that po"'' on the Arkansas side of the Mississippi River, In Mississippi county, lying four miles south of Viic town of Osccoln. The wedding of Georgia. Moofo and John Harding Mcdavock took place December I 1653, at the Presbyterian church in^Cblufnbus, Miss, Afterward, a reception was held In the home of t'ric j bride at which two hundred pcbplc were present, niahy of whom tt'ere connections of the Moor family, since Georgia was one ol twelve children. As a delicate compliment to the groom, a native of Nashville, Tenn;, a cake had been prepared by the skillful hands of the bride herself, that was an exact replica of the capttol building in'Nashville. --The bridal party included Randall hnd Sally McGavock, relatives of th6 groom, Ellen Malone, India Sykes and Georgia Bykes, and the two bf6thcrs of the bride, Brother Dudley and Brother Tom. Since Georgia's father was dead, Brother William, the masculine head of the family, ga\e her away, but the real arbiter of all ifamlly matters, Elk>,i Gregory Moore, called Ma by all tho t'nll- drefi, directed HiIrigs in her quiet and forceful way. The presents given to the happy couple Included silver candle-sticks, Bohemian glass finger bowls, Sheffield cake baskets and trays thai arc fillll preserved in t'ne family. land Is Wcddin? Gift *_Tiie most substantial gl't. however, came from the grandfather of the groom, G6neTaI John Harding of Belle Mcade, who presented his namesake, John Harding Mc- Oavock, with ten thousand acres of •yirgln timber lands in Mississippi county The old general had be- 66rrie interested in these rich delta lands several years previous to this, when he had made the trip up tiie river from Memphis In a skin. He imrr<ediat['sly saw ll.e possibilities In this pioneer country and bought several tracts from the government, vffiich'hc presented to his descendants. Another member of the McGavock family, Randall, bought a place adjoining .this and built a house which was litter sold to the first Mr Jim Driver Di Prank G McGavock had a. plantation at No- deha «nd Ed McGavock and 5iis cousin, Rilix Grundy owned places at-Pecan Point, and.the Dickinson plantation, then called Dickinson Mills, was nearby, near what is now called Joiner. ^'After iv Christina* spanl at 'Cliff Lawn, the home of John's parents in Nashville, the joung couple ciime to survey t'nelr new domain. The forest with Its.bayous, giant tr^es of pecan, walnul, cypress nnd gum, was a land of marvels Georgia, supposing lh*il their honeymoon would be spent in New Or• le'aris or at the-then fashionable White Sulphur, brought her dainty trousseau of Silks and brocades stretched upon hoops, parnsols chemises rolled and whipped nnd - hv Snd-tuck"d high-heeled slippers •Ur-G plumed boanets Little did she i&wv 1 what wis In slorfc for her. • 'the. Arrival ion February 1st they embarked on the Cumberland River at Nashville on a small boat Georgia had her personal maid, Margaret, and John his man-servant, Dan'), am. other • slaves had been sent on ahead,: under tllo: direction of ai overseer, with instructions to make a clearing 'and construct some log cabins. They took a larger boat on the, Tennessee River and arrived j at cafndenj then took an overland ; stage to Memphis Here they took the regular packet, a large and commodious steam boat Taking the ' Chlckasaw Blutls at five o|c!oek in the afternoon of a cold •winter's day, they made a delightful trip, arriving at their destination early the following morning It was ^ about sun-rise when ths porter began his rioundlng on the door ot the bridal chamber, a .stateroom as'large and completely , .furnished as if It had been on land.' .and'in-'a-fashionable hotel. ."You all better git jp, next landln' Mc- quickly lo the house, have the plantation bell rung nnd summon nil hands to fnc levee, armed with , . cotton mattresses to slcm tlie break in the levee. While she wns gone, lie raw the boil whlsn nn.1 become a hob, rap- <lly dc;penlr,.( In the sandy soil. Mr; was .1 large and powerful young fellow, used to batlling wil'.i the elements and without taking a mo- tiic-nt lo think, Its threw ills whole body in the break ami held It until help came. All day '.ic and his crew battled with the rising water, ft was cold nnd misting rain as It £0 often docs during a high water. John contracted a deep chest col;l nnd. till danger pnst, he was forced to take lo his bed wltM n high fever. This fever lingered throughout tlin spring and Ihe cousli persisted. The following letter, written by Mrs. Elb-a Mcorc (Ma) lo her daughter in Arkansas, expresses Ihc growing anxiety of the family: • "Columbus, May IB, '53 1 'My own d:nr Georgia Yr-ur letter lo Thomas wns received several days HBO. but as he! Inl jii£t wrllt'.'n lo you the day' before it reached him. I Inks it on myself lo answer you. You speak of Mr. McCinvoek's continue:! Ill In. lit'il. Truly ji sympathize will) you on thc subject, my child. 'Fa If Micro is anvone livluq l>3- sldcs my own Immediate children for whom I have a stronger attachment (if as strong) I know it not, for I believe lilm to lia a kind nnd ifJcclioiintc husband to you and he ins been a kind nncl respectful son .o me, nntl it is my dally prayer thnt he may speedily bs restored lo The house which John Harding McGavock built when he brought his bride'to Sans Eoucl In 1851 in ptctr.icd above. 11 was destroyed by fire In 1921. The lower picture' ivs vvintlovcr Terrace, tho modern home of Ccl. nnd Mrs. F. I'. Jacobs, at Cinder, First Mistress Of Sans Souci tied it with trace clmlns, riding Hits picture was mnde from n portrait ot Georgia Moore Mc- Gavcck, who in 185<1 left her glvl- hcod home in Mississippi to come as a bride lo Sans Souci, Iheu n clearing In the wilderness. honlc on It;; hack. The shell was made Into a n.uaiul but very commodious cradle for their first c'nll'.i. John Harding, horn September, 1855. Their next child, Susan John, wns bo in May 23. 1857. Georgia spent' her. lime In-piny- Ing with her children, sewing ni'id rending I'iie classics. She had hart many of her own books sent froi Columbus, nnd occupied herself I cludy. Music was nhvnys her pas- tlan ami her square rosewood piano was shipped to her by boat. This Piano, 1 u carved parlor set nnd scv- ernl .sets of mnhogniiy furniture graced the 'house Hint was built Sans Solid, nil Ihe work being done on the place willt slave Inbor. it •was' completed in 185-1. The hnrd woods-froin-the'.cypress brake am , Ihe limber lands, supplied the mn- I lerials. Sans Solid In Goo-Jspced's History of North-i ensl Arkansas, there Is the following description of the house at Sans Souci: "This house, which was built by J&hn II. McCiavcck, has n broad piuzzn 12 by 74 feet in length, the pillars of which ars of swamp cypress In its natural'stale, excepting having the bark stripped oft and taping.painted. They nrc lluted in thc most beautiful nnd artistic manner, 'having the appearance of being tlic work -of a skilled artist.' and arc the admiration ot every the gift lo Ihe city of tlic Goodwin Institute. Tne letter follows: "Memphis, March 27, l(ir>2 "Cousin Georgia, "f received yc-slcniny your letter, 21st iiift, most truc-ly and feelingly do my wife and myself .sympathize wltli you In our late bereavement. Tins, one by one. arc the links which attach us lo This world, snnppcd asunder, and our thoughts and desires carried forward to thai world beyond the grave, to 1« made glorious by Ihe resurrection of those drar ones whom we so much loved on earth; nnd with whom wa lisp- to be reunited forever. Wlthou' this blessed hone of the resurrection, what would life be wort'h? But with undying fnlth in it, i._ is shorn of most of its terrors. You arc n Christian, n true, pious woman, ami know the source where fv ; consolation is to be had in nlflic- lion suc'ri as yours. H is the only Eourcc, yet the true sympathies of friends who have suffered as you liavs suffered, arc always yralcfu lo the heart. And in this capacity you will nccejil from us words oi encouragement. "You ask me lo Icll you the true slate of affairs about this plar mid up tho river. The truth is very :iard to R;I at, nii:l the public ni kepi in ignorance of the situntloi of military matters. The only way therefore, to arrive nt n»v r" 1 *" 1 sion, as to the future,. or - matters in progress, before t'fle final u<;,_ opments lake place, is to dlsregar Park Honors Memory of McGavock Gricier, Young Aviation Officer Killed in France ealth..." and •ilfisfortnni; Again In September of thai yew. Mn writes nsking for news of" Mr McGnvock's continued lovers, expressing the hope that the Springs (While Sulphur) hnve restored 'his hcnlth. Dut this Was not lo be. In November, 1801, she writes thnt Judge Dickinson has reported that John is suffering from 'chills and fever; "I still hope that a-change of scene will bring about a change In his condition for Ihe hotter,' Bui 'his lungs had become nlTeclSd and he died nt Cliff _ lYiwii, 'I'rj'c hoine of his parents, in Nashville, In December, igfil. Georgia's seven years of happiness were over. Misfortunes now seemed lo crowd upon her ns thickly as her past joys 5iad done. On April 13, 1861. Fort Sumplcr lm<l fallen: Along the Mississippi, all still appeared nl pence hut the bereaved wife felt thnt she could only find pence in rendering her service to the STIM>- 'rmcl. once (t'ne Inte Judge O. L, Moore of Blytheville) hnd come from Co- nil th» in detail I but combine ' th c .- whole and- support of the mass. somolriln ? line urobabllltr. Hence, although we hear es'ery day fhat Island NO. 10 is almost impregnable, and that the enemy have withdrawn their gun boats and ,so forth and so forth -1 feel sa'tisllcd thai our forces will be withdrawn from that point just as soon as ths rortincii- tlons at Port Pillow, which are be- ',ng rabidly pushed forward, nrc considered secure, i believe this, licciiuse It wil-bD absolutely necessary to prevent a capture of our cnllrc force 'on and about tho Island, now numbering about 2,500 if thfe lakes nloce (that is, the evacuation of Island 10) it of a toavcr, Iho river open down to your place, and 1 shall consider your ne- groes in a very critical condition My belief is that wherever In Ihe Soulh the Federal arniy penetrates, that the slaves will be materially free. The relation between master nnd slnve will -be at nn end, cx- ccpllng nt Ciie will.of the negro. An net of the U. S. Congress for emancipation is not necessary. The Into regulations of the U. S. fix A hciufinil bit r.f uocds nl (lie side cf Highway (il, cculh of Osrccila, Grlilcr Park is the scHln? for u (able! crc:lcil by William Strong chapter, I). A. II.. In nicincry cf John .\icGrtvoik Glider, who "died in Gridcr Park was aclicn at Ai nicnticrcs, dedicated to , ihc ride of Highway Gl. The woods ; The need for the park soon the memory of 1st Lieut. John ! was wild and grown up with ' proved itself for it was full of McGavock Gridcr, of the Royal: sprouts required a regular picnic parties all day and late Flying Corps, killed in France, nt ' job of clearing, only leaving the into the" eveninc Tlie county hclii- Arnicnticres, June 18, 1918. His; big trees. The clearing wns done ! eel out by placing (wo culverts n' diary is given the world in War , in the fall of.'32, nil the. under-; the entrance that snme summer Birch and his perscnnl lettei.s. itcd by his sister, can be found in John uoes lo W»r. ,. email brochure. The park itself is biush tt-as cut :iwny with farm 'and tile following winter, C.w.A. Inbor nnd early in the spring, tw'o j work, under the direction of Mr. stone plllaii were put up. j Dyers, built gravel roads and put vvns uusy upih-i.; 1 up nn out-door stove, rose arbor GriderY, sister a project begun by the William! every day when the weather wp.;, and smnll shelter house. In the fnir, often witli only one negro • spring of '3C, the stale highway helper, setting in evergreens and | department did their part Strong Chapter, D.A.R. Back in 1332, nl thc lowest point of the depression in Ark- shrubs given by thc neighbors, tlie j electing an attractive cntranc" anfas, Has brave little band of; Progressive Club, Wilson and No-' where the marker will be safely women decider! that the:/ must do ; dciia tlubs. and bcr.jht wmi do- kept. cc-mothing to commemorate tlic imticns frcm several interested j Tlie recreation idea has since history cf our county. A v.-.i i people, beside money given by the become HO popular and there is previous they had placed a mark- : chapter. 'The evergreens were set so much interest ' in out door er on thc old Military Road and many of them dug up and plnces, that thc park must surely hrough Marion, nmv our county j stclcn during the night. People on grow as tiie reed grows Thou- Her yoraigcr brother, clar- Hint wherein officers of the army o ''"" '"'" '""' ---- ' " navy are prohibited from return- beholder. (Page 531). widely stretched mouths, showing! "ft wns erected by Mr. McGav- rcvvs of while teeth, was group: about the bank with the overseer. They stood on a high point, jut- ling out far above the level of HID water. All about rhem was a deadening, the while arms of the bare sycamore trees stretched out as If in warning. The frost-burdened branches cracked and sighed in the wind. They went at once to a stout cabin that had. been prepared for them, with a roaring fire of ash wood on the hearth. II was warm i maples, all thoroughly appreciated ar,;| ch3erful here and very cxcil- i by the family. . ." U'age 505). ock's slaves, of whom ho had n great many, nnd each roam was furnished in u cerium distinct, kind of wood, one being lu black walnut, cue in sassafras, another in red gum, nnri another In ash. each room ucing designated by these names. The house is approached by a handsome undulating lawn. 201) yards in extent, over whirti nre scattered magnificent forest trees, oaks, elms wdlmits, gum and box-elder and lumbus to hold things together for her. sho left him in charge of fhc plantation, going back to Columbus, (here lo serve as a nurcie in the hospital of her brotlier-ihV law, Dr. Malone. Here in Coliim-: bus. a second great sorrow came to hrr itixthe loss of her son, John Harding. Her one remaining c'iiild, Susan John, was a slighl. grave child, who vvns in very delicate health. She accompanied her mother upon many of 'uri- trips up and down the river, from Columbus to Memphis, from Memphis to Saiis Solid, doing her little part In smuggling things through iftc lines and carrying badly needed supplies, cloth, nnd gold back lo Columbus. The PVcleral authorities would have been surprised [o learn that l,he armful of dolls the little girl, carried everywhere she went were slulfcrt with quinine nnd disinfectants instead of saw-dust! War It was at this lime that Georgia received nn interesting letter from her husband's cousin In Memphis, thc laic \V. A. Goodwin, who 1ms ende.ired himself to Memphtaiis by ing and strange. Georgia twenty and John, twenty-three. A strange, new life lay before them. Life In the Wilderness The next seven yearo stood ipart as n distinct era, the happiest time in riie life of Georgia. Ihc wife and mother. Fish abounded In t'ne streams nnd the forest was full of game. Wildcats cried obout (he liouse at night, and bear came to Oavlck's: Pint!" They stood together at' the guards, the great river, with it? sinuous curves, spreading out before "their eyes Vaguely from below.'.came a steady and rather musical stream ol profanity as tlie •mate directed the dick hands to "limer away!" The stage plank .dfapp>d'and touched tlie black mud bank, with many hearty goodbyes. the bride, with her leather trunks "antj hat boxes, ^as put ashore, leaning on the'arm of her tall husbind* The whistle blew-deaf- tningly,'t'ne steam sent up its while cloud,,the side wheels churned, the brackiih water into a brownish foam, flecked with clmnks of.drift- ing let.- * in the' skirling . eddies drlftnood rose enfl-up and sank. GeoVgla, • witcWruj • it, felt' a , cole fear at her''he»rt. a s*Ift premonition «f ' ruthless, death-deaiini fovc«, % f . . A little band. •«! negroes: with gather, the corn from the nearby j old Soulh, the decade prior lo th field. D3er abounded in ttie woods War lietween the Slates v.'iien th nnd all smaller game, wild turkeys, opossum, squirrels, and 'coons were everywhere. John McGavock shared the passion for hunting with his neighbors nnd cousins. Great csy hunts- were organized crowds. Since people lived "far apart, what social' contacts were made were 411 the more warm nnd cordial. The lime slipped by and the forest was rccceiliiij; before the busy axes of tiie woodsmen. Tlie lielrts strctr'urd away, flat and richly alluvial, corn. UK first crop lo bi popular in the new country, now gave way before King Cotton, that wn.s carrying all before it. Although Georgia an.d her husband Imrdly appreciated the fact. They were living through the golden age of the ' ' thc -- ....en the colton planter was u lord in hi: own right nnd master of nil he surveyed, easily controlling the cotton output of tho world market. Tin ing (o owners fugitive slaves. "Whether or not there la n mail from here to Osceoln, I know not, but will endeavor to communicate my news to your brother, nnd>.it will be then of course for him ID act upon these views or not as he deems best. We have a large army in Corintli, sny .sixty or seventy thousand men. who can be concentrated in a short time at a given point. Soon, I .linve no doubt. ;i battle will be fought or maybe n series of battles,: north and cnsl of this plnce. Upoirihe result will depend the fnte of t'ne Mississippi Vniley. God grant that we may be victorious! "I have n letter from M. P. Flan- nington— Howell and Co.— to you containing 98 dollars which I will send by a person who leaves tomorrow or next day for your city I owe you myself I think, a small balance, something less than a jiun- rired dollars, my books are not here lo refer lo. Shall I enclose you that? I would prefer it. "Manv thanks lo you for you: kind ofler of a home to Harriet nnd Ellen, if they shall become refugees. We now feel thai in times The Living Banner A tnlc of Ear,:; Gorci. nil old nous: (lint stood on the left bank of (lie Mississippi River. Black Rattler cotton, grown on thc Sans souci plantation, was well known on the w'hnrves of Liverpool and 'commanded, a high price. Besides cotton, corn nnd oats. John , McO.ivpck had a large herd of cat- Dr. McOavock. noted for his hos- i "-• All produce of the plantation pitality. was counted a preat epi-[war, easily shipped by steam boat cure. After a successful raid on Ihc wild game, he would have pso- ple in for a great spread. His special factotum was c-allcd John. Jit the packet from Memphis stopping twice a week at all the landings. Hisli Water Although San; Souci stood on >i cooked and served the doctor's 'high point, the spring Hoods some- meals. • His wife and daughters ."mes inundated the fields and It were, in Nns'nville nnd thc doctor was agreed between neighbors trt kept. bachelor state, in the tail put up a private levee that would season, many such allairs were held to continuous and keep out thc at: Nodena. A great dish of wild water. H wns only n small rise geese would be brought in, sur- and would be hardly thought wor- tounded by quail and baked yams.: thy of the nnm; of levee today but The-doctor would run his sharp: H acted as a dam in time of need knife into tiie breast of the fowl: Eirly in the sprinj of '59, Jolui and if it-was not'cooked exactly to: and his wife, Georgia, wcra taking his liking, he would pitch it n morning stroll along tills Iev3c°, through the window and thoul, "John,'bring on another goose!" Jotin was walking along tlie bank watching the rapid rife of the flood waters with A good deal of anxiety, j At Inil. John noticed a small sand i c< the river one day when he spied boil, where the stream had. begun ; ah enormous turtle crawling on aj'o .«»p throus'n the levse. tunilns] fallen log. He captured it alive and! to his wife, he directs her to run i Sumptcr—Donclr-on—Shiloh— Tlie veterans ynrncd In the leafy shade Of the climbing vose and a spell was laid On the sultry noon as they op.U and swore On I lit southeast porch near the open door. While the old house dreamed.— Hear the shutter.- crfAl: And the joists complain though' they may not speak! 'there is champing of horses and shout ins of men. And musket nrc raising the white dust .".gain In the ruck of those batiks thnt go on forever,- Chicknniaugn—Tullohoma—Stone River- Pea Ridge—Prairie Grove—Fort Pillow- Nate Forrest's Rangers arc riding fast Where the Rebel yell smites the morning blast: Like a banner It rise.'; Across the flow Of the Mississippi—Twas touch and go While the Yankee cannon'belched lire and smoke-. Forrest cried. "Forward!'' The blue line broke And surged toward the river that swept them hi,— Thc cries, the cuises. the Hellish din Dies to a whisper, thc drums slow While the M»itlieast porch, where the' roso'c white Is pale as o shroud In the dun-red light,— Ten Itidge—Prnirlc Orove—1'ort. Pillow— Gettysburg—Seven Plncs-CoM Harbor—' The thle rcns on but the voices fade And silence lies o'er Hie little glade Whore Forrest rode with death nt his isiu And reaped his harvest where we reap grain; Lo. tlie rcsc has Ivvincd in a crimson sonn-, A living sign of lhat bloody day. Fcr the prayers they prayed, for th; le.irs thc-y sheci. Fur the hopes that downed, frr the hearts Ih.H bkd, U blossoms each summer in led. white nnri red.-- Vicksbuig—Kichmoiid—Appomattox— —Josephine GrWer Jacocs. eious gesture, his sister wished to find a suitable place for this marker. After a look at She road from Gridcr to Osceoln. it wns decided to place the tablet in a little strip of weeds, ten acres in extent, by Strong Chapter, and tlie cuslod- occurrcd Sunday afternoon, June i«ns, Col. nnd Mrs. Jacobs, feel n . !833 - ' | fully repaid for their work as All orgnnizntious cooperated in; Gridcr Park lias filled a real need making the celebration ni mcmor- j for the community' and pointed. j the way for- recreational centres. • able one in the county. ,1 like the present, unless events Iran- | kansas. Her brolhcr, clarence, had j w, , spire to prove lhat a different | done very well in keeping most ot 'course is necessary, fnmilics had j the slaves together. Some remain- 'om?n and children in isolated places. This wns successfully done . 1( - i — - -- -1 only by the Ku Klux K!nn, ti-.c se- betler stand under their own roof: cd on The place and spsnt the re- crct order thnt orotcctcd " to meet the Invader. If you shall j mainder of their days there. ! •• decide lo come here to attend to your interests in Arkansas, remember tlie size of our house, nnd that there is there plenty of room nnd a warm welcome for you and yours. Excuse this long letter; ami hoping. the Inbor in deciphering my careless writing will repay you, nnd With -our best love, "Believe me truly yours. "W. A. Goodnin." War Service Vcni'fi and ltc:<in.slructic:i After liie war was over, Georgia returned to Snns Souci, to z house <lesolnted and showing the ravages of violence. Blood stains covered thc floors and augur holes had been bored in order to nllow some of it to run under t:hc house. Dsnd bodies hnd been stored in the lumber I room, awaiting burial, and n kiiol- ! ted rope, hanging from an upstairs ' bnicony, marked the plnce where n Tiiis Jetlcr is of interest as it! spy had been hung, fcrecasls the events of the next few j Here she took up the burden of months, events thnt determined the life again, assisted by Drofher Clnr- coiirsc of tile war. Thc buttle of I encc and Inter, Brother Tom who Shiloh occurred soon after, and is 1 had sold his holdings, converted i; -' lie-engagement that he expected, nil into gald' and gi UEO the fall of Tort pillar placid Confederate cnirsc. ] Al the river In the linnet; of llic Van- kess. iven it to the He remained a bachelor but Brother Clarence married Lucy Gary cook in' 1866. Two Georgia was tireless in her scrv- years later, the widow McGavori; ices at this time. She wrote anil married for a second time n <ml- sent little gi.Vs to dozens ol =ol-]lant captain w'iio had served well diers. relatives, friends, bay: she i in Fcrrrsi's Britrnne. Capt. William ;nj.| A very Enviii. They hnd one child. Many or them wrote warm letters t Georgia Erwin. in return, in one letter. Ma writes! 'Hie bitter days of reconstruction became tnlt'reste;! in v.'.iilB m;rj;;ij.! A very Enviii. They had 01 .that they sent :v cotton basket to; followed the ravages of conl.iin her mail. Many of these! the three Confederate Of Snc came- netir to losing her right j nnd. incited by Gov.' Clayton, the aim nt this time. She wns niirs-! carpel, las governor of ing n young soldier in the l;«st ] negro rule"was Ihrcatencd and riots slages ot Wood poisoning. Being clc- ' occurred, slaves fled and the fer- irious. he bit her hand when r,V.e i tile country became n wilderness tried to mop out his mouth. ;HIT| the wound became badly infects:). John Uzzell of Pecan Point, says , , . . -.-, thnt he remembers that during this Her right arm was saved but .she \ time, his mother wns unable to n-n carried n ascp scnr to her last clay.! any help beyond thnt nccdc-l for j Ihc necessities of lite. He says the o ^ home nt Bardslown grew up in such dense weeds that the children were not allowed out. of the house . of fcnr of snnkc.-. The same thine eling once by Irani (o nnndo, Miss., she met a woman on the train-who made friends with iier and Invited her to come to h»r houcc in Hernando. She war. tikiir.; n lonely spot on In? oui- i was true everywhere. The iron clad skirls of Ihe town, when Gror. ; i., | onfn kept many men Irani votln<- grew suspicious nnd demanded' the cnb driver to tnkc her bark 11 the 1101:1, there she found ,-.ri-n' rclntives and friends in Chcathait!'- Dlvlsion, McGavock. ami Frank Goodwin nmcnj limn. '! i-.woman was Inter arrested as a and the state wns run bv carpsl bag insurrccUrfS. N'rgro Trnnps r>l O.sccola When thc trouhlr. brgnn in 1B03. finally culminated in the Black Hawk: war in 1872. fci. white men handed together under the lender- j property nil over the south. A tii- gro regiment, armed with old army muskets, wns sent to Osceola. under Brewer. The negroes paraded nnd strutted about the streets of Osceoln and closed the roatb. At this time Susan John, cnlled Sue. wns fifteen years of age. liar mother being tnken very ill while Capt. Erwin wns nwny from home, Sue set out on her horse. Ge'nu. for the residence of Dr. H. c. Dun- avaut in Osccoln. when she got lo tlie outskirts of the town, she saw some negroes drilling across thc road. Sue, being used to negro slaves, felt no fenr of the blacks. When ordered to halt, she rode right through Ihcir ranks, raisins; her whip ns s"he did so. and calling. "Get out of the way there, boys!" A blnck by the name o: Martin Garret, n former slave on her place, stepped aside nnd let her go through, preventing others from molesting her. IJut no sooner had she passed when shots followed her. falling i n ttic dust of the road all nbout her. Fortunately she escaped. Days of Terror This state, of things could not last. The whites determined tD put n stop to it, bnnds got together and rode tils roads, shooting every ne- gro who resisted. Meanwhile the loyal negroes were protected by their employers, several old slaves nl Sans Souci were so terrified tha< v they cnnic into the room wheriiV' "Olc Miss' 1 lay ill and crawled mi-> \ fier her high, four-poster bed. They V would not come out until the three *' days were up nnd the reign of terror wns over, others stayed in ths outhouses, the smoke house, and barns. Finally order was restored nnd Fitzpn'rick. escaped across the river with his band, hotly pursued by a company of while men. who shot, the hat oft 'nis hend as lie pulled across the current. This summitry action of the citizens of Mississippi county brought . down upon them the ire of clay- *V ton. He put a price upon the iiencl '•" of every man who was active in it. A sum of 5.000 dollars war, placed uifon the hen<i of Capt. Billy Erwin. drad or alive, and he, with Since the young widow Mrd;iv- : ship of capl. Bowen. cnpl Frwin ock wns well known to all Ihr r;i;,- ; nnd others. Cotitcd-rcate soldiers many cithers" wns forced lo Icavn tains lip nnd down the river. .-,!„-: who were .-still nblr lo boar arms [the county io, a time ins w^fo the battle weie brouglu across tin-, Pan., souri also had if, troubles I brother-in-law, they set out for %'*J ,nH '™ ?„ i«i , " 1! ?"" y ! ar l!lis limc ' °" 01 ' E! ' ! ' now Mrs <~'«»arta. Guards entered the train died and wctch tried in the bwn Krvvin. wJs in rv-r,r hrallh. aiid'nmt ordeerd it to 5 H,p. Him. Ace . P " {'f'^'r''^^ 00 " 11 '}? ? COr '' <:; ' pl ' Knvt " ^*Wnir, 5 tof the : ing ° determined HI lie group of £12. &tuycG at ADfjfiria. HI th<» tinmr. • tiiv.-. _.ni_ 1.1,* v...,.'. _« . \_f t < . ... . _ . . *. of William . '" ' h? , hom " i «>me with the bani of white men ' men who would t>ul up a light, they , when in AT- i who kept order and protected t'ne' ' (Continued ' On Page 8)

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