The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on August 21, 1939 · Page 3
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 3

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Monday, August 21, 1939
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MONDAY, AUGUST 21, 1939 INCIIFORllfi BLYTHgVlt.LE.'.fARK.y COURIER Medicine Moves to California's 'Migs' Stale Finally Tunis To Providing Medical Aid 5'or Impoverished BY JOHN' RICK WA Service Slaff Correspondent VISALIA, Calif., Aug. 10.—Medicine is coming to California's migratory workers, called lo public al- Icntlon by Jolm Steinbeck's novel, "Tlie Grapes of Wrath." With four! aiilo-clmtes, the state Is meeting one ot the greatest medical problems of all time. The "migs/' as the roving workers are called, can't niton] to go to a doctor's office—so the doctor's office Is being brought to them. And spread of epidemics from (ami to farm, from field to field is being checked. Prom many states come the "mlg" to follow the crops. Their poverty, th'cir nomad life makes llipra very susceptible to contagious diseases. There are more than 50,000 of these families and llieir living conditions range from absolute squalor to the comparative luxury of Federal Farm Security Administration camps. Each mobile clinic is staffed by a physician, a nurse, a sanitation expert. Each is equipped like a --doctor's office. Each roams agricultural areas with the families, giving care when care is needed. Chief goal of the squadron is immunization. Since 193V, the state's Department of Public Health has vaccinated 23,701 workers against smallpox, innoculated 14,257. against typhoid fever. The prevention program has cut down the state's typhoid death rate to the lowest point In history. Job of the sanitation experts is to cheek conditions in'all camps and settlements. Drainage, sewage disposal, source of water supply must be inspected., If conditions in a squatters' camp—poorest of the settlements occupied by "migs"— do not meet requirements, the -entire population may be compelled to move to n new location. In a camp maintained by a grower, the owner is ordered lo correct the trouble. Should an emergency case arise, the clinics are ready. Hear ends of the station wagons arc sometimes used as operating tables. In a newly-inaugurated auto- clinic survey, Wasserman tests are being made .to find prevalence of syphilis. Early, results Indicate' that, contrary, to.general opinion, there is less .'venereal'His base'among the. "migs" 1 than" among Ihe permanent residents of the state. Dovetailed with the clinic work, is the recently established medical program of the Agricultural Workers' Health and Medical Association—a non-profit corporation of federal and state -organizations, p. S. A. funds pay for medical care for workers treated in camp, "clinics and the offices of private physicians. Health conditions in- California are now at their best in history, claims Dr. W. M. Dickie, slnte directors of public health. "We were shocked, into doing something by the sight o[ migratory workers living under wretched, unsanitary conditions," he says. Blood Donor Establishes Enviable Service Record GLOUCESTER, Mass. (UP)—-The hobby of Albert D. Hodson is earning him fame as a humanitarian. In the j>ast 10 years he has donated 1M quarts of blood to persons who need it. He has given— without charge—ni nc liquid q ual ( s in 14 days and five quarts In six days. Doctor's office on wheels: trailer clinic is shown al.California squatter's camp. Chemist Who Pioneered In Gasoline Never Owned Aulo ;ind Can't.'Drive PITTSBURGH (UP) _ A man who pioneered in development of the gasoline Industry has never owned an automobile.' Charles Skeele Palmer, one of the first to develop a process for I transforming crude oil into gaso- jllne and thus paving.(he way for i modern land and air Iransp'ortn-' !lon, Is In retirement todny — a. .Indent of the classics and astronomy. Neither he nor his family owns an automobile. It was back In 1307 that Dr. Palmer, then a professor of chcm- stry at Use University of Colorado, invented his process for "cracking" or distilling crude oils, making 11 possible eventually for the industry to supply cheap gasolines In commercial quantities. "I got Ihe Idea back in 1809," Dr. Pnltncr recalls. "We hnd found what was crude gasoline In Its natural state in the earth. I knew H liad been produced gcolocicnlly by tremendous heut and pressure so I set out to reproduce rirtlflclnlly wlial had been done in nature. Little "jnig" g c(s examined: 14-ycar-oW member of migraetorv farnny says .'Ahhh" for Dr. S. S. Ginsburg and Nu , s e Wanda Modern Methods Deplete Arkansas Pearling Beds R«ad courier News want arts. LITTLE ROCK, Ark. (UP)—Up down (lie swamp vivers of eastern Arkansas, the million-dollar pearling industry moves toward its seasonal peak. A combination of unusually lew water stages and introduction of a new shcll-dl«<'ln» implement has brought cut river folk in unprecedented numbers to probe the backwater depths for bivalves. Shell diggers who have used ' crowfoot bars" and "tcngs" for years, are beginning to go modern. Home made diving cut/its made their appearance last year mid now they arc widely used. It c:mists of an old gasoline tank with one end cut out, a glass window and n hcse fitted in. The diver fits the tank over his head weWils his .shoulders with old plowshares and other metal, and descends Air is pumped ts him through a rubber hose by frequently uses an assistant, who common tire- pump for (lie purpose. The state game and fish. commission says these diving mussel- hunlers are ruining the mussel industry in Arkansas. They say a diver can go down 30 cr 40 feet and delve around sunken logs and tree tops and bring up twice as many FLAPPER FANNY - to f-<»»aTl(«StBVICt.lllC..T.M.tlEe.ll.S.P*T.CF».. By Sylvia "Mini's'the idea? I'v e Ca i !ci1 you lh |im „ •I'm Ectlm' in trainin' for when school begins." mussels as two men worktn° with tongs. Thus they raid the best breeding spots. Hivermen, who ordinarily hunt, in the winter, fish in spring and fall, and dig shells in the summer will take out and sell lo the dozen Wank button factories "in the state, about 50,000 tons of shells this season. Divers will raise about half that tonnage and the balance will be divided between those who use the crowfoot bar and those who tcn<* The crowfoot bar is an iron bar with many wire hcoks dangling from it. The hooks are pulled along the bottom behind a slow bent and the mussels affix themselves. Tonging is the hardest wcrk of all. A longer stands in the bow.end of his shell beat and plunges the JBWS of the implement into the I bottom mud. By clcsing the long ! handles he closes the Jaws, and he j may or may not bring up anything ! of value. j Pearl buyers say business is not so gocd. A few years n'go these men made a good living by running the White, Black and St. Francis rivers buying pearls frcm shanlyboat dwellers. Today a good pearl Is a rarity. They say the fiest pearl beds have been stripped and the best running water ruined by drainage ditching. Anticipating a dearth cf com- .mercial shells such as the "sand- shcll," "mucket," "pimple - back," and "pistol-grip," the game and fish commission may begin to propagate mussels in the future. Coincidental!)', the destructive enemy of all food fish—the gar—is a friend cf the mussel. Mussel sperm are transported by the siup- gish gar and scattered ever the breeding' shoals. "1 IrnO a long si eel cylinder constructed Into which i iioirrcd crude oils. Then I subjected tlie oil to extreme hc-al. and pressure ami chtii-l- cd the distillates. One ot Iheni was gasoline. "Naturally, It, wns n crude product compared with Uic t'li.soJIncs they nrc making lociny. But It was gasoline even though II look me two years lo work onl Hie process." Dr, 1'almer patented (lie process In 1912 when II wns sold to (lie Standard Oil Company of Indiana. His fiiianclnl rcivnrcl wns not large. "It wns a mere pittance," said Ills daughter, Leigh f'nlmer, with whom he lives here, "considering H'hnt 11 wns worth lo the oil industry." Since tits retirement. Dr. Pnltncr, who has "Just turned 81, Ills time rending the Bible Shnkcspcnrc uiul declphcriug Daconlnn code. Oti clear night! tho heavens through and Ihe , lie As for automobiles, well, tho age ' snltl, "" one Hi the fniully. Mot n OUR o( us ciin drive, Uul I do tiiku Men lit (hem occasionally with my friends" PAGE THREE 'COURTS Mbcn anil Carl Anderson, brother*, have been arrested o fhnrgcs of f-rand larceny In tho nllcgwl Ihefl of ivheul by s |,ort weight Carey S. stewnrd ImjiY cnto In Ihe same cnsc, was lield o circuit court on a similar dim™ n municipal court tmluy nm! 1)1., b:nd set nt ?5oo. The Anderson brolhets,'who nre nlliwl o Imve stolen « bushels Of wlienl from tlic r.irm of Mrs Innlsr- Chnpmuu. south of Bin-field' are free on bond on charges of grand larceny Krowlng out of the recent theft of hay from the farm of H. A. HuiJt!. Chief Deputy sllo ,, ff Jo)m p Hchimlllcr wild (oiinj- thnl Steward hnd mlmluocl i| ml he short weighed the whent July ] so ,, s to Bh , D th <, Anderson br;lheis « more bushels Wheat Is vnliied nt about. 10 cent') per bushel, Preliminary lirarlntr for the Anderson brothers will not be held iindl inter in the week, nccorOlnu o H. O, I'nrtlaw. deputy prcsecuct- ing aUoiiiey. Oilier cases In municipal court todny were vnrlcd. Frny Mmlock was. fined silKI m „ cllnr(!0 ot driving while under the Influence of llcjiwr and Ills appeal bond set' nt $200. The cn.se of Wllllo Hell, negro chni-Rcrt with ussaulL ami battery which \vns set for todny will not be tried until Tuesday morning. Five men were fined on charges of public drunkenness. Dog Wardens Arrested With Charges Reversed CLEVELAND, O. (UP) _ Norvnl Slnnton, 3J, Edwin PIlKczytiskt, 24, dog wnrdciu, picking up dogs tie- cnuse they hnd no licenses, were picked tip lliemsclres on Hie same ••'lini'ije. When (lie wardens sclv.cd H dou to his neighbor, James funeral (tii'cctov, became "< •«* the cf. In New York Farm Strik Milk farmers In-Now York nml Pennsylvania, striking for higher prices, dumped hundreds of cans of milk on the giound leaving Now York City short, 1,000.000 miarts, a quarter of Its dally supply. Above, nickels on the Job nt Dunkirk, N. Y. and (o obtain n bucket of water for the five limiting dogs In the wngon. COST AGAINST SAVE TAX! CIGARETTE STATE CAMEL'S below) Measure per pensive tobaccos Fisherman Rues Catch / Of 35-Foot Shark SANTA CRUZ, Cal. (UP) — "Babe'' Cnnepa's fish story differs a little from the usunl. Engaged in shark flshlng, he caught a 35-foot shark, basking In the sen about 10 miles oft shore. The shark was longer than his toat. He managed to bring It alondside the municipal pier, where to save what was left of Canepar's nets, the wharf police killed the shark with three bullets. Then It took Canepa and other fishermen four hours to untangle the monster from the badly damaged nets. Then he had to tow the :arcass out to sea 1 . I PRESCRIPTIONS—, Safe - - Accurate Your Prescription Druggist Fowler Drug Co. Main & First Phone 14 Whatever price you pay per pack, it's importune to remember this fact: By burning 25% slower than the average of the 15 other of the largest-selling bminh tested—slower than any of them — CAMELS give a smoking plus equal to • Let every delightful extra puff of Camels remind you that Camel is the quality cigarette every smoker can afford. Costlier /o4i/«oi-ripc, mellow, fragrant, delicate in tastc-and in generous extra measure. Camel certainly h America's shrewdest cigarette buy! 5 EXTRA SMOKES PER PACK! AMERICA'S SHREWDEST CIGARETTE BUY Camels TMPARTIAL tests by a leading indepcn- JL dent laboratory show -which one of 16 of the largest-selling Stands gives the most actual smoking per [tack! Here are the findings: 1 CAMELS were found to contain MORE TOBACCO BY WEIGHT than the average for the 15 other of the largest-selling brands. 2 CAMELS BURNED SLOWER THAN ANY OTHER BRAND TESTED-25% SLOWER THAN THE AVERAGE TIME OF THE 15 OTHER OF THE LARGEST-SELLING BRANDS! By burning 25% slower, on the average, Camels give smokers the equivalent of 5 EXTRA SMOKES PER PACK! 3 In the same tests, CAMELS HELD THEIR ASH FAR LONGER than the average time for all the other brands. LONG-BURNING COSTLIER TOBACCOS

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