The Akron Beacon Journal from Akron, Ohio on July 4, 1976 · Page 7
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The Akron Beacon Journal from Akron, Ohio · Page 7

Akron, Ohio
Issue Date:
Sunday, July 4, 1976
Page 7
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James Reston Survival rests on Constitution, ideals of 1776 New Yarn Tun Sarvic WASHINGTON In recent days, the glory of the Declara-tion o( Independence and the durahility of the Union have been recorded without excessive modesty. But why do some nations progress and others decline? This is a question that has intrigued minds for generations. The critics of the United States, who are in ample supply, say we are merely big and lucky an empire on a single continent with more natural resources than we can destroy. Other ob servers offer different explanations of why nations rise and fall. Walter Bagehot, former editor of the Economist of London, wrote over 100 years ago that success in a nation depended largely on its ability to discuss its problems and on the "models" of its leaders. These he thought were the prerequisites of progress. If discussion were free, and the leaders had the gift of "animated moderation," he thought, all would be well. ALDOl'S Huxley took a dim view of "declarations." He thought they had very little to do with the durability of national life. Almost every country had started with a noble proclamation on the rights and des- Kw" tination of "man" (which may explain why so many of them disappeared), but they forgot the road map and the traffic regulations. The problem, Huxley concluded, was not with the goal but with the roads that lead to the goal. Here certainty and unanimity gave place to utter confusion and to the clash of contradictory opinions. Reading these characters, one would almost have to conclude that we have been celebrating the wrong occasion. The Declaration of Independence was a dream, a statement of Ideals. It was a divorce and not marriage of the states. The true union, the really big occasion for celebration, came after 13 years of turbulent courtship and hardship in 1789 with the Constitution and later with the Bill of Rights. THE NEWS of the last few days and years reminds us of the critical difference. Here is the Supreme Court of the United States passing judgment on the death penalty, on the freedom of the press and on the right of a woman to abort her child. Here also is a presidential election system, founded in the states, that challenges a sitting President and makes way for the presidential nomination of an almost obscure former governor of Georgia. The Declaration of 1776 announced the sovereignty of the people, and while most of the rest of the world is terrified of freedom, the old experiment of 1776 and 1789 still goes on in America. It is, of course, a very risky business. The first step to wisdom, said Alfred North Whitehead, is to recognize that the major advances in civilization are processes which all but wreck the society in which they occur. "The art of free society," he added, "consists first in the maintenance of the symbolic code, and secondly, in fearlessness of revision . . . Those societies which cannot combine reverence to their symbols with freedom of revision must ultimately decay, either from anarchy or from the slow atrophy of life stifled by useless shadows." WE NOW see the Declaration of Independence as a "major advance" in the long struggle of freedom, but it divided our people at the time and all but wrecked our weak and divided society. Still, when we ask why this nation has endured, these principles seem important. It began in a torrent of debate, the "national palaver" or, if you like, the "polity of discussion." It did have noble models in the founding fathers, which makes life tough for our current leaders, and it had not only a statement of ideals in the declaration, but a set of rules in the Constitution. Also, on the whole, though its passions have often been stronger than its reason, it has developed the gift of conservative innovation, and still seems young and confident on the verge of its third century, still proclaiming the ideals of the Declaration. Sunday, July 4, 1976 Akron Beacoi Journal 1? Knight News Servict PHILADELPHIA - A page containing an article critical of Mayor Frank L. Rizzo has been hand-torn out of more than 40,000 copies of Hustler magazine by Philadelphia's largest magazine distributor. The August issue of Huster, generally considered the raunchiest mass circulation girlie magazine, names Rizzo "A-h of the Month" because Hustler said he had allowed "his knuckle-dragging putative followers to physically attack" the Philadelphia Inquirer and Daily News building in a controversial incident last March 19. The distributor, United News Co., was scheduled to begin shipping the censored August Hustler to newsstands throughout the area Friday, a source said. However, a company spokesman said the magazine would not be on the streets until this week. THE PAGES were ripped from each of United News' 40,000 copies by extra help hired for this purpose, the source said. The Rizzo article takes up one-third of page 10, with a photo of Rizzo's face over a drawing of a buttocks. The text contains several obscene references to Rizzo and accuses him of "apparently having taken upon himself the role of King of Philadelphia." Why United News censored the magazine is not known. The blockade cited in the Hustler article came shortly after Rizzo sued the Inquirer, a Knight-Ridder newspaper, for $6 million, charging that a satirical column in the paper was libelous. Pickets from the pro-Rizzo Philadelphia Building and Construction Trades Council, maintaining they were angry about the newspaper's labor coverage, blockaded the building for several hours. Here's spit in your eye EAU CLAIRE, Mich OP) - The qualifying round for the third an-nunal International Cherry Pit Spit got under way at a fruit farm near Eau Claire Saturday. For an entry fee of 25 cents, contestants got three spits and a shot at being invited back for the finals, sometime later this summer. Heavy eaters CINCINNATI OP) - Somebody must have been planning a whale of a meal when they carried off $735 worth of merchandise from a local meat market. Thieves took 72 pounds of jumbo shrimp, 18 pounds of red snapper, 13 pounds of lobster tails, various meats, two cases of soft drinks, two cases of beer and 36 pounds of sweet butter. Glenn ready for nation's No. 2? Philly mayor butt of joke, 2 but readers get ripped off Continued from page A-l ing, there is some pessimism that he will get the call from Carter. The experience factor (only 18 months in the U. S. Senate) Is one reason, but another is a political consideration. Glenn is a moderate Democrat who, like Carter, has had some difficulty appealing to urban liberals, labor leaders and in Glenn's case, blacks. Carter needs a more experienced liberal with ties to big labor, some argue. "John's problem is that he is too close to Jimmy Carter in appeal," said a longtime Glenn backer. "I told John after the New Hampshire primary that if I closed my eyes and listened to Jimmy Carter, I would say it's John Glenn with a southern accent." But Glenn has obvious advantages, most agreed. Among them are his national fame, popularity and reputation as an honest, straightforward non-politician politician. "He 's so clean, he squeaks when he walks," said one veteran Democratic leader in Columbus. Also he has demonstrated intellect on issues and the qualities of a military hero courage, mental and physical stability that are usually sought in a President or vice president. His supporters say he is an energetic campaigner who would boost Carter in a key state. AMONG POSSIBLE obstacles, according to political pros, are his problems with labor leaders, whom he enraged by voting against the common situs picketing bill. He may be vulnerable to GOP charges that he is running on his reputation rather than experience or record on the issues. He also is termed politically naive by the old line. "John is a loner. He doesn't care for organization politics," said Stephen J. Kovacik, Glenn's 1974 campaign manager. "He's a fighter pilot who just wants a good ground crew in politics. But he's a savvy campaigner. He would be the best, hardest working campaigner Jimmy Carter ever saw." Even old poltical foes favor Glenn. "I'd be pleased to see him as the VP nominee," said Howard Metzenbaum, who lost to Glenn in the bitterly fought 1974 primary. "The fact that I ran against him in '74 makes no difference. That was yesterday's contest and I have no bones about him being Veep." John J. Gilligan, who drew Glenn's wrath for supporting Metzenbaum in 1974, said "I have said he would be a great addition to the ticket and I think he would be a good vice president." But because of past vice presidential selections and the tendency for vice presidents to wind up in the White House, many feel there will be more scrutinizing of VP nominees and their qualifications for the presidency. Thus, the experience question is raised about Glenn. IN WASHINGTON, D.C., two U. S. senators said they think he is hard-working and "catches on quickly," but both question whether he has had enough government experience to be President. "Glenn would make an excellent vice president but that doesn't necessarily mean he has enough background to a President, a western senator said. Lawrence Mock, a vice president for finance of Royal Crown Cola Co. and a former business associate of Glenn's, said, "He would be an outstanding vice president. He has a lot of credentials but I don't know if he has the experience to be President. I personally would prefer to see him spend more time in the Senate or as VP. Perhaps if he were vice president for 18 months, he could pick up the presidency and run with it." Glenn himself does not definitely answer whether he is experienced or qualified now for the presidency. "If you think of the enormity of the job, I don't know that anyone can say he could handle every facet of it," Glenn said. "What you do is leave that judgment to other people as to whether they think you can do a sufficient job compared to others who have held the job in the past." M. Scott Carpenter, one of Glenn's closest friends among the original seven astronauts, said, "I can't think of anyone I would rather entrust the office to. There is no feature like experience. He is shy on experience in government, but because of his other great talents, he will more than make up for it." Cason Calloway of Georgia, who served with Glenn on the RC Cola Republican governors fear a divided party pish killed WAYNESBURG, Pa. (JP) - The slate Department c' Environmental Resources is investigating a large fish kill on Muddy Creek in Greene County. Between 60 and 70 bass wd several large muskies were ryied, in addition to assorted non-'.ame fish. ' HERSHEY, Pa. OP) - Republican governors are showing concern over the prospect of a divided party while Democrats signal a new confidence as the Bicentennial National Governors Conference opens here today. A pre-conference survey showed several of the Republicans expressing concern about the possibility that the hot contest for the presidential nomination could leave the party scarred. However, most predicted that things could be patched up before November. The Democrats were talking of a strong campaign in the fall on the economic issues with a fornA' member of their ranks, Jimmy Carter of Georgia, at the head of the ticket. Most of the Democratic governors expressed no preference at all for a vice presidential nominee, saying it should be left up to Carter. MICHIGAN GOV. William Milli-ken of Michigan predicted President Ford would win the GOP nomination, but only by a very slight margin. He said the future of the party depends largely on how it comes out of the convention. "There's still time to heal wounds and develop a successful campaign," Milliken said. board of directors, said, "What does qualify a man? For that job, he has to develop intuition and grow beyond his experience. He has to try to get a group of brains together. Whether it's Jimmy Carter or John Glenn, he has to have a good staff." STATE AIDITOR Thomas E. Ferguson said. "The electorate has not been voting for the guy with experience this spring. They apparently want new faces, not the old politicos." L. Coleman Knight, Republican mayor of Glenn's hometown New Concord and professor at Glenn's alma mater, Muskingum College, said, "His lack of government service would be an attribute. That is what we need there. It might be refreshing to clean out some of those old established things and get some new ones." Warren J. Smith, secretary treasurer of the Ohio AFL-CIO, said, "He doesn't have the experience of getting things accomplished in the political process and evaluating people politically. But he's a fast learner and he would have time to learn as a VP." Smith also agreed with several Washington sources that Glenn's vote against the common situs picketing bill "could cause him a problem." The bill would have permitted all building trades unions at a building site to strike if one union had a dispute against one contractor or subcontractor. Smith added, "Labor would prefer someone who is more identifia-bly pro-labor, but John is certainly acceptable. There would not be a reaction against him as there was (among some labor leaders) against Lyndon Johnson as vice president in 1960." Dr. Robert Voas, a psychologist and training officer with NASA during Glenn's days as an astronaut, said Glenn would "make an impressive international spokesman. Much of what goes on in international affairs are matters of technology and military power, in which he Is prepared in great depth." KNIGHT, the GOP mayor of New Concord, said he would be tempted to desert his party and vote for the Democratic ticket in November if Glenn is nominated. This is indicative of Glenn's broad appeal across party lines, but there are still Republicans in Glenn's hometown who would not vote for him. "John Is very capable. I just wish he were a little more conservative," said Mrs. Ruth Montgomery, a Republican and widow of the president of Muskingum College during Glenn's college days. "I don't believe in Jimmy Carter. He is such an ultra-lib. 1 couldn't vote for Carter and Glenn. We likte him (Glenn) personally but couM not vote for him. Many in New Concord feel the same way." Walter Chess, New Concord doctor and college classmate of Glenn's, said, "politically, we are 180 degrees different because he adheres to the Kennedy program. Ideologically, he has been led by me wrong oreea oi cais me wew England mafia." v However, there are others in New Concord who still support him. Mrs. Margaret Castor said, "If h becomes vice president, he will be i iita uwn man. nt? un i w uuiuuiot- . ed by an individual or group. Mrs. Castor is John Glenn's mother-in-law. Whcit II t happening now Mm- .ONE WEEK ONLY. m Ten screen and storm windows and one storm door completely installed VwliWv449.85 Each window is made with wool insulation, triple-tilt and self-storing convenience built in. Old storm windows are removed and replaced by expert workmen. Home Improvement Center (D.846) Downtown only CALL 375-5000, EXT. 641 FOR HOME SURVEY snap it Borderless silkscreen holiday photo finishing Now through July 10. Keep all your Bicentennial pictures to enjoy for years. 12-exposure color prints (1 10-126-127-620-120), reg. 4.09 to 4.33, 2.29. 20-exposure color prints (110-1 26-35M M ), reg. 6. 1 5-6.55, 3.29 Movie (8MM and Super 8) and exposure slides, reg. 1.85, 1.19. Cameras (D.32) all stores. plant it -p "Old Shoe" planter tne price of the shoe 4 Ni A Plasticized, worn-looking tennis, l V f nurses', children's shoes, and VxVsjr- ftCjL Js ( more, to make a conversation iff &mr&ryy st piece. A regularly 1.20 plant is your p!&f yi . " bonus. Shoe, orig. 7.50, $5. MaLjjL fr2sfCIBf&T Gifts (D-62 Downtown, Summit, MtJf7Jl vClT Phone 24 hours a day.. .535-5771. Where it's happening now Where it's happening now 1 A 0 " 1

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