The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on July 1, 1936 · Page 23
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 23

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, July 1, 1936
Page 23
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\ WEDNESDAY, JULY j, HLYTIIISVILLM, (AUK.) COURIER NEWS fi PAGE -f:i: World's Biggest Cotlon Farm Sends lls Crop to llie Gin Seed Carefully Selected (o Si/cc of Stalk and Number of Bolls Making a cluster of cotton bolls Slow where only a few had grown before is H ls breeding secret ol Wilson Type Bit; Boll Colton, accomplished by a process of ta lion, elimination, and rotation in planting Ihc choice seeds. Cotton seed breeding hus for several ;years been the pride of the Lee Wilson company farms. Hundreds of visitors have attended exhibits of the breeding farm at whicn Ice- lures fl"d demonstrations have been held to explain the process breeding Wilson Type Big cotton. To carry Ihc process lo its perfect completion, uu exclusive was installed to gin this speciii type of cotton. No other coltoi than I'ftis type is ginned throngl the big 10-siand gin. Tt has long been the habit of in- lure lo outwit some of the best known practices of science in botany and agriculture, but as nearly as possible the process of developing the Wilson Typ: colton has defeated her trick of making some stalks smaller and with limbs that have less bolls than others, even though the plants originated from Iho same seed. Seed from llie best individual stalks arc carefully selected, seed from each stalk is used to plant separate rows. From each row are selected the 12 best stalks. Ihe seed from which is planted in an increased plot the second year. From this increased plot all of the best stalks are selected, and a large plot planted the following year. .Tile main selection is made for the size of the stalk and the number of bolls on each limb. Sixty acres arc devoted to breeding the Wilson Type Big Boll cotton, under the direction of John E. Grain, farm manager fur the Les Wilson Company. Tiie breeding is developed from the Cleveland Big Boll Cotton. Tile entire collon acreage of the . 37,000 acres of farms operated by the Lee Wilson Company is planted from the seed of this breeding farm, and a large quantity of seed is sold to farmers in other colton growing districts. Pickers brills their cotton to be weighed, ft Is then ioifcci. ::i w t\»cns U) be luule;! lo (he Din. T-:J r.-jlurc below ihcws or more loads awiiilh::] their turn at Hie Lee Wilson Company's big concrete 10-slaml gin at Wilson. Wilson Timber Products Are Shipped Throughout U. S. and Abroad The first Industry of Ilic Lee Wilson Company, lumber, Is sllll fin Impoiiiinl factor In Us operations In Iho company's wholesale lumber depiutmcnl there arc today employed 250 men. In nddlllon Ic I'rio numerous men engaged In cul- ting mill rojis r itcllvi timber to this $92,000 Investment in 10- Sland Plant, Housed in Concrete Buildmg Two Doctors and Laboratory Technician Guard Health of Community Keeping the 10,000 members of the families of Lee Wilson Company employes in good physical condition is no small task for two physicians. They have been provided with a modern clinic, just back of the administration building. The clinic is headed by Dr. N. B. Ellis, graduate of the University of Tennessee Medical College, and Dr. E. H. Cox, a. graduate of the University of Illinois. Ilie clinic is equipped with modern emergency appliances, implements and equipment, including a diathermy lamp for sprains and fractures, x-ray, fluoroscop? and a fracture table. And there is a full time laboratory technician to make all laboratory tests. The Lee Wilson Company has arranged for the care of its em- ployes' health by a plan whereby each employe is assessed 51 a month if single and 51.50 a month if married, which insures them medical attention without further expense, except in extraordinary cases of pernicious diseases and ob- To handle the colton from the Wilson •company'. 1 ! tliousaiuls of acres requires a set-up of gins scattered throughout t'nc Wilson holdings, with Iwo located in town. The newest was completed in 1930 and it is considered one of the finest In the world. The building is of reinforced concrete, in which arc installed ten 80-saw stands, gin is electrically operated by individual motors. The driers which are used in this new gin were invented by the manager of I'M entire gin operations of Ihe Lee Wilson Company, A. J. Landrcm, who claims they ad;l from S2 to $14 a bale to the value of the cotton. The savings which the company has been able lo make through low insurance rates on Ihis new gin. will pay for Ihe construction of it in 20 years, according to Mr. Laii- drum. The entire investment involved in erecting the building installing Ihc equipment was" $92,'COO. Only the Wilson Type Big Boll Cotton is ginned through this new gin, which makes it almost an exclusive gin for the cotton from t'rie Wilson farms; however, other fanners who grow this type of cotton arc given service at the gin. There is one other gin located at Wilson which Is used for gcn-| eral patronage of farmers in the territory of the town. Bol'h gins run full capacity during the cotton season. There arc five oilier gins local- cd in the various towns of the Wil- EOII holdings, and all are of concrete construction except the one at, Bassctt. The Armorel gin is equipped wit'n eight 80-saw Hardwicke-Etler stands and is run with fuel, while the Victoria gin is a five 80-saw gin .of Ihe same make, but it is run with steam power. There are also gins at Kciser, Marie and Basselt. These gins have handled as 'high as 30,000 baJes of cotton during a season. said Mr. Hill, "only retained his Interest in the plan abont 500 ncres. Now we have 10,- iiml h at present one of the dl rectors of the company. Since Mr ; plantation, Mr. Hill has also ac- Iract of land for with that of the wholesale lumbe himself, which he farms. yard under the direction of A. K, One ot the first gins operated by Ihe Lee Wilson Company is at Ma- The plant converts lumber and in First Store at Wilson veneer into boxes or nil kind:i. cares for the ginning in that com- Products nre shipped northeast United States nnd Canto Washington state, Francisco, and Mexico, nnd lo Ihe Rio Grande valley for cilrus fruit growers nnd (o. New Orleans and Florida for export. mill. These men are scattered from Hughes. Ark, lo tllckman, Ky. 'Iho Umber holdings at the present lime are on Peters islnnd, near Hughes. Ark., where there 1? exceptionally line collomvood, willow and Vmrdwooil; Dean's Island, cot- lonwcod and hnrdwood; blgler'i island, nnci collomvood mid some hardwood, find on plorco Maud hour cnrulticrsvllle, In aildlllbn lo Eome sluall roinnlnliig Irnets of virgin timber on the mainland, - A great deal of raw material Is secured' by buying logs along the Mississippi river, This timber Is might in by river, mil nnd Iruck. The present mill of llio L«O \Vil- oii Company 1ms a chilly capacity )f from 60 lo 60 thousand feet of umber and 10 lo 15 thousand feel )f veneer. The lumber Is yariiwl al Vllson, all' mid kiln-dry cOlldlllim- !d, nller wliloh 11 IS ahlppod to all inrls ot Ihe United Stales nnd foreign countries. Tho mill Itself Is of modern reinforced sleet and cbiicroU! construction, with wood cushions Unit prevent this vibration of the machinery from affecting; llio billld- '•$' . Only tho upper (jmdos ot lumber aro. sold, tlib ibwor graded being usfd in llio manufacturing planl Smart Atmosphere Is Combined With Fricndl) Hospitality One of Ihc most nllrnctlve and enjoyable places In Wilson h tliu new Wilson Tavern, which was opened last September, H is ell- ualcil nl the right, of the park that fronts the ndmlnlslTallon building. The plcluresquo rcslaiirant li constructed ot red brick In ott English design, with n tinted oir. while celling done In n bcamc; cIVcct, which linnj white tjlcbcd-llshls trimmed modern design of mclal. nnd sun pcndccl on henvy metal chains The walls arc n soft gray, set with numerous Biiuill-piincd windows ol old Eniill::h ' inillcrn. The lavcrn has a smart, modern atmosphere (hat Is graced with friendly, cheerful hcspltnltly. dispensed by the hcslcss. Mi-ii." "Raymond Coiner There Is all the Intimate comradeship of an old world tavern In llili little rcslnrrant at Wilson. Em- ployes meet there for a drink am lo talk over acme plan, or for a friendly chat In (he evening. Al the breakfast, noon, and dinner hours It Is a litisy place, for It enjoys iv ticncroiiR patronage the losklciili; and employes Valley and Southern Serves Rich Faim Area and Four Industiies ;. The Delta Valley nnd Soudicfn!: Railway Co.. was organized Jane' 37, 1034 nnd received 1H ccrtl- 'Icnlc of public convenience an'd icccsslty from the Interstate Conu nerco Commission on August 1,' 1»34. . ,..,' The corporation wns organized* by C. 1;. Dcnton, L. P Nicholson/ :. W. Ferguson and oilier citizens' if Mississippi county, who aciii'lr- :d Ihc property formerly kno*Q' is the Evatlalc-Dectcnllk 1 biiincll', of Ihc St. Louis-San Francisco iallwny company, extending from' tviulnlc Junction, ncti Wilson (.({ Dcckcrvllle, In Plonsett .llstunc.e of 18.1 mile present cori>oratlon Is Whllo the' yj(j Parents Defend Three 'Rs' PASADENA, Cal. (UP)—An educational requirement committee has reported to the Board of Education that modern education lacks adequate training in the three 'Rs.' Parents, interviewed, supported the demand for more "reading, writing and Yithmetic." stetrical cases, for which there is 'an additional fee. There is also group insurance that provides half pay to employes when ill, and liability Insurance which provides for hospitalization in cases of severe illness and accidents of a serious natiirc. My Compliments To Lee Wilson & Co. On Their i 50th Anniversary Mrs. Sou r a Keiiin, Local Manager western Bell Telephone Co.. _ Wilson, Ark. n One of the oldest employes of the Lee Wilson Company is O. M. Hill, who joined the company when it had its first; small store at Wilson in 1808. Mr. Hill staii- with the company ns a clerk and remained in that capacity until 1903, when lie wns placed in charge of the Marie store. In relating his experiences (luring his early years as manager ol this new store of the Lee Wilson Company, Mr. Hill said llicrc were only three houses in the community when he first arrived, and that there are now 25. "The most difficult part of my start with the new store," said Mr. Hill, "was getting to it after I tad been given the job as manager. I walked part of Ihe way and hed to make the remainder of the way in n boat." "There was not much cleared land at Marie when I first went. Negro Farm Workers n r -, c L i Cared for During Floods boxes, rurniture Mock " and 0 t h e r Products] " *<**<** ° m Are Widely Distributed The Kansas City Shook Manufacturing Company, a Lee Wilson operated industry, provides employment for 210 to 250 men in the factory al Wilson. The manufacturing plant wns organized in 1914 with J. C. Cullom, president and general manager. Mr. Culloin served in that capacity until 1935 when he retired from active management, but cials of the Lee Wilson Company 'that the floods of 1912-13 cost the company something like $300,000, but even with Ihls loss, Mr. Wilson insisted on caring for his negro employes, 500 of whom were fed and cared for until operations of the farms could be resumed. During the time that the saw mill was shut down, following the floods, employes who lived In Wilson paid no rent on their homes except in proportion to the days on which they were employed. IS ii Unit, of this liKlilulry. There | s no waste In this niodcrn nitll as all Irlmmliijr; aro converted into handles ami oilier small articles, while tho remainder Is sold to tenants; of Wilson for wood. Tho • wholesale lumber department Is uriilor.Jfto direction of A H; shoaron, ilo |$ also manned of Ihc Kansas Olty Shook Manufacturing Co.. The sawmill Is ctnllo n dlffcrciil mill from (lie one on which Mr Wilson gave all his cash as n firs payment 50 years ngo, but th present mill is sllll doing Ihc Jol which ho Inleiuled such n mil should do-pny for the clcnrin of new land by milling the lliube from It. •••!•• Fifty years ngo Ihc mill sawci lumber for sale at wholesale dls trlbutlon only, while today It pro pares lumber for rclall and mnke any number of nrllclea incliulln broom ami mop handles, hoe liar dies, and toy broom handles. The sawmill hns n dally cnpaclt of 55,000 feet and cuts all types hardwood. Lumber : from tl mill Is slacked .'on the yard froi CO to QO clnys. Then it Is londc out for shipment lo various pan of the United States. The mill was formerly operate on a 15-ton engine, but n SO-to engine was Installed in 1018, whlc mnkes it possible for it lo cut n high ns 80,000 feet n dny, if ncce* sary. The mill turns out, in nddlllo to lumber, nil types of bulldti material, such ns flooring, cclllu waogn slock, Iruck body nnd It terlor finishing materlnl. Congratulations To The Wilson Interests On Their FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY Arkansas Power & Light Company Wilson,' Arkansas Electric Power, Ice and Household Electrical .Equipment - M. • L-Gmhan-, Mgr. .Eloise - Wright, - Cashier^ Ihc lown. AH fixtures arc of white and iromlum, nnd nrc kept spotless id [draining. The tables nnd rmitcr nrc of dark wood with latching chairs thai lend a dc- ,dcil corilriiM.'. io Ihc b'righl. wnlls nil lighting cficcls. The tnvcrn air conditioned, which makes delightful ;nnHhii hottest days, nd nn Inviting plncc for molor- sls on the highway lo slop for inch, a cool drink, or dinner. The tnyer'n ^crveii n complete lenu, which may biv nn elaborate llnncr cr a tnsly sandwich. The lavcrn also has an allrnc- Ivc lounge' for women, furnished n incilcrn style, where motorists my refresh themselves after n ong drive. In llio manner of other. buildings in Wilson, the nvcrn Is set In attractive shrubs and has an enclosed garden with concrc'lc flcor, thai Is hedged with greenery. Raymond and Ted Coiner manage Ihe Tavern nsslslcd by Mrs, Collier in the buying and plnii- nhi3 of the menus. Concrete Houses Built LONDON (UP)—Reinforced concrete sin Us, mndc lo look exactly like ordlnnry bricks, nrc helm used in constructing a block o houses In Mnrylcbono. railroad property was the first railicad constructed In Mississippi "ouuly as a common carrier, Imy- Ing been built prior to 1887. Tha railroad property was, first known as (he ncckcrvlllc, Osccoh am( Northern Rnllroad company am{ cncrntcd n;; such until Mnr'cTiI 1301, when Ihc Kansas City, Port Scolt nnd Memphis Rnllroad co$j' pany purchased all of the sldcki The Inllcr company was taken over by Ihe St. Louis-Bin rrari- clsco In 1001 nnd opcralcd Ihe line between Dcckcrvlltc nnd Eva- itnlc Junction until II was sold] Jo, ils present owners In 19M j^ The road traverses one of the mcst fertile agricultural producing leas In tho linked Stiles Jjjj hiding (he IG.COO-aerc colontaiV Ion project nt Ujcss '"t When Ihe road was organized t wns climated that the rjfOSs operating Income for Ihe flrsl 'car would bo $28,205 bill It ran nr In excess of Ihls amount.i-It (as also estimated lhal during, ho' first yenr Ihc road ntcrchimgc with It's connections .175 carloads, while the iccorjjf or Ihc llrst year show lint ovei 4,000 carloads were iiilcrclmnjjc(f. The induslrial department has been successful in locating four new Induslrles durln? the last year. Including llie Wilson collon compress, alfalfa dehydrating mjll, Delta cotton oil mill and a chn- nlng fnctory. Mnny other advan- lagcous Lncluslrlal sites arc available, i J, H. Grain, general manager of Lee Wilson Compinj is piesr- clenl, C. L. Dcnton and L. 5 Nicholson of Tyronza, vlce-presl- dents. C. W. Ferguson, traffic manager, nnd John, F Crnln, general freight ngcnt, both of Wilson, nrc in charge ol oper.- allon ot the road. Water Free at Wilson The new artesian well nt Wilson has a pumping capacity of 500 gallons to Ihc minute. The \valer flows by gravity Inlo Ihe homes from a tank, 132 feel high. No meters arc used and water Is supplied to the homes free. Wilson Veterinary Hospital r Wilson, Ark. sN. Jerome, Veterinarian 1 if i-wr CONGRATULATIONS To Lee Wilson Company On Their 50th Anniversary i , •» St. Louis-San Francisco Railway Company W.-J. Ludwig,Agent Wilson, Ark. 0. L. Young, Superintendent Chaffee. Mo. n. E." Buchanan, Traffic Manager Memphis, Tenn:

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