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FRIDAY, MAY 10, 1940 BLYTHEVILLR (ARK.) COUTHER NEWS Published Every Friday in the Interest of Farm Families of This Agricultural Section. FARM NEWS-FEATURES PAG2 OTB- Publtahed Every rrifar fe Interest of Farm Pkmfltes eg • Agricultural Section. Farm Laborers Take City Jobs Rural Lads Prefer Better Pay Offered For Workers in Cities. By CJKANT mi.l.MAN' UnlleJ Frtss Stiff Correspondent •WASHINGTON, May 10. (UP) — America's tanners have l>een warned by government exports that they cannot expect any immediate relief from the critical farm labor shortage, despite (lie end of the war and the cutback in cirafi. ealis. Officials said workers probably would not start, flowing back to the farms in substantial numbers as long as they could get higher wages and better hours in city factories. America's rural population rtippi'd from approximately 31,000,000 In January, 1942. to slightly more than 25,000.000 on Jan. 1. 1345, under the pressure of draft inductions und a steady migration of farm workers to netler-payiny; war jobs in tile cities. Trend Slightly Reversed That trend was reverse^ slightly last year when the rural population crept back up to 25,5'20,000. The experts said even that slight gain may be nullified if the recent prediction of the Veterans Administration that there will be 57.000,000 job openings by the emi of the year should materialize. Non-farm workers in March 194C, totaled only 44,700,000. The total number of farm workers 1 on the same date was 6,990.000. This did not include some 122,000 prisoners of war and 32,000 foreign workers who were imported from -JXinalea. Bahama and British •/unduras to meet the critical farm *iabor shortage. .Officials conceded that farm wages have increased sharply during the war years and still were rising under the impact of fierce bidding by individual fanners. But they contended (lie increase has not been anywhere n!ar as great as'the rise in industrial wages. As a result, they said, many families who left the farm during '.he war and are now unemployed still are living in the city, hoping th.it they will be able to land a factoiv job. If a shortage of industrial workers should materialize as pro- dieted by the Veterans Administration, these people probably will remain in the city. If they continue jobless for any length of time, however, they will begin driftui" back to the farms. Meanwhile, _Jljq fanner can expect to find the labor situation even tigViter this year than during the war. °\ Drop in Foreign Workers There now me about only 20,000 war prisoners assigned to American farms and the last of these is scheduled to'leave on June 20. In addition. Congress has provided funds 'Q miport only between 70.000 and m.OOO foreign workers this season Instead of the 92,000 brought in last year. Officials said this meant that city volunteers would have to pitch in again this year during the hnr-' i vest season unless thousands of acres of crops are to go to waste. The U. S. needs about 8,000,000 farm workers during the peak harvest season. In 1945, approximately 5,000.000 volunteers helped bring in the crops. They were particularly valuable in preventing great losses of i fruits and small field vegetables. They included members of 4-H clubs. Boy Scouts and the Women's Land Army. Stirring Soil is Needed To Give Plants Ample Air $140,620 Purse For Preakness 11 Horses Ready for ,, M Turf Classic Tomorrow' 10 ; Over Pimlko Track. |lu Cultivating the garden ,.ot only benefits tbe'pUuis, bu( gives posture training U> tfce planter. Latest news from the experiment rtnlion frunt is that the n,,c-old p-aclice of slirriufi the gimien sail, to c route a "dust mulch," a (tor being atU:cUod as tisiilL-^:; Ijy so^nc ati\';-;Ji(.'t'd C'X]M?rJ!j)cjilcr.s\ is now proved (o be noccssi-.ry to prevent a crust, iroin forming im the surface 1 and excluding aii 1 . Critics had argued that .stirring dried out soil instead of conserving moisture; atid disturbed the routs of desirable plants^ perhaps doing more harm than" good. But Ohio Stale university, working on green house crops, has developed new information about the role which air plays in soil; and the factors which seriously i:\torferc with the frequent change ol soil air. change of air.Is prevented. When .he soil is lloudod air is driven from .he suit, :mil if this condition con- .inuos too long, then the plants die for lack of air. A1J Ihis .supports (Jic contention v.'hieh must experienced gardeners iiavo Jiiade, that \vljxiiiever lliey slir Lhe soil arour.d thc-ir plants, to break up the surface crust, the plants immediately show improved growth. Whether cultivation helps conserve moisture, as well as aiding the free circulation of air, may be considered as stitl in question, though plenty of "dry farmers" insist that it does. These new developments in a really serious conflict of scientific opinion should encourage amateurs to cultivate often, and keep their garden soil, unless it is covered by a mulch, well, hut not deeply, stirred. Deep stirring is not necessary, 'am! may cause harm by disturbing roots, and drying out soil unduly. Shallow stirring after every rain, when the soil has dried out enough lo crumble, will kill weeds in the sprout stage, and keep the dangerous surface crust from forming. sociation. lias "disproved (lie old fallacies thai the farmer cloc.i no want, electric'power. Unit, he cumin use it, nnd that electricity canno be 1 made lo pny Its way on the aver aye farm." only , i • i ttf , "I!? S*!? f™ ^' in color, both, being col- nlti in« In 19S5. It still was enough of n profit, however, to send hopeful trainers to the entry with tlu'Ir cundldMes early In "Wrnlinj at old Hilltop. 'Assault, the Texas-born the box the / and , - 'le\iis-bied speedster who took Hie two i>I|j ones lo (lute. Is Uie lav- ''"l'«'i'e the Preuknoss, (<x>. even If he did finish second to As- snult In ill,, wood und third In the HUM' Run til Louisville. Five others who fulled nt Church- Ill Downs lust week are looking tor another crick nt lh« bin tsuy from the United Press Siwrts Writer BALTIMORE. Md., May 10. (UP) —Assault, the Kentucky Derby aiHl Wood Memorial winner, uml 10 Wt- er but - hopeful rivals were ex- >ecled to be entered lortny for Sslurduy's 56th ninninn of Ills 'limed Preakncss stakes nnd the iirs;csl pot of uold ever offcml i the American turf. If nil unticiimlrcl shirlcrs face he barrier when the t>an<l plays 'Maryland, My Maryland" nt Pirn- lico's Old lllllto]] Course und they I'"" for the l!lack-ey<>d Susans. 11 will put n gross purse of JH0.020 on the line lor the mile nnd thiee- sixleenlh canter.- Thai would top the $135,220 record _ross established in' this year's Santa Ahllu Handicap bin the 'wirinor, because of the $3.000 supplemental entry fees, would not millw eiioiiBli to better the $108,400 which A-/.UCIU- banked when he won thnt, Caltfor- crowii. llampden Shows C;U« Hilt here In OM Marylund thoy l)"d ii different Idea which will l>nt n l^rlawuie-owned liorsn, Hiiniixleti. rlBhl up there In Uie lietiinj!. H wasn't jusl respect for u neljihUorttiB state, either, because llanipden showed plenty of class by u-limlniv the Chcsajwiilce Stakes, I.ono star Slate. There urc the Maine Cjinnuj TihreaU'tiers, lji»\t BoKWell and Knockdown, who --- finished fourth nnd fifth rcspt'Ctlve- So jly in ihe derby; A, G. Krnst's Al»^s- niond, wlio wus sixth; 11. Bruce l.ivle's Marine Victory. 16th. mid H. S. MrliiiUKhllu's Wee Artmlral, unconvinced by n Irtlh iilace lltilsh at ihe Downs. Added to those nuiy be four new candidates who don't bvllevv the t'Licln^ ehftrts even thouyh Oi'^y hnve IIUU' to offer. l>lt'it|>rtl t) Klurt. they are Mis.' Waller Jeffords' Nalche/.; Mr. and Mrs, J, Bromley's l-oveniciiw; Boiuar Sla- ble'ii ]]lllyl]iii)i[):. mid Wlllliun !lcl- llv Tkly Hid. Hampden »lr«ndy wn. entered, Ualner Dick Htndlcn h«v)ng fll»(t v.'llh UK; »eer«Ury's office ««rly. And, with fab- weather and a tut Iraek predicted for Saturoay, all the nttl, were expected to ;go. Nearly S,M»,MO kUMM -the wartime «ut*tttut« nine—bued on etMBfe** from the itatl lukuprjfe ovens, protected Uwunndi o< Ob from malaria In tropical rtftoni during the ««r. Head Courier New* W»nt Ad*, wead Courier Newt Wurt A*' Jap Premier? Wickard Asserts Has Made Good Start MEMPHIS, Tcun., May 10. (UPl —Stressing the need for cheap power in greater abundance. Rural Electrification Administrator Claude R. Wickard declared yesterday that] accomplishments of the HEA so far are "scarcely more than a good beginninc " ,, ° Consumption of milk hi the i,r v n<1 " llnl! ;t™t'on 1 s progress, | United states amounts to 197 quarts wicknrd told the annual meeting I per persona year of the American Public Power Ai- , ored (onus of corundum. Tetsu Katayama, above, 59- year-old Christian lender of Japan's Social Democratic Party, is expected to be his country's next premier. He would head a four-party coalition government formed around a nucleus ol Social Democrats. Big Money Man NOTICE Notice is hereby given that the undersigned will within the time fixed by law apply to the Commissioner of Revenues of the State of ,A*v!alisas for a permit to sell beer ill retail at. 119 So. 2nd St.. Blythc- ~*nc, Mississippi County. The undersigned states that he is a citizen of Arkansas, of good moral character, that he has never been convicted of a felony or other crime involving moral turpitude; that no license (o sell beer by the undersigned has been revoked within five years last past; and that the undersigned has never been convicted of violating the laws of this state, or any other state, relating to the sale of alcoholic liquors. J. M. Ferguson. Subscribed and sworn to before me this 9 day of May. 1946. Samuel P. Norris (Seal) Notary Public. My commission expires Sept. 8, 194G. .Traveling Bottle A bottle set adrift on the eastern coast of the United States in April. 1931, was recovered near Ham- mcrresl, Norway, having gone 4550 miles in B83 days. Ivan R. Van Patten Your Sales Representative for Blylhevillc and all 6f Northeastern Arkansas The ARKANSAS Automobile Club Affiliated With Amer. Aulo Association A. A. A. Residence 418 So. I-ake ""* Residence Phone 2409 , BLVTHF.VII.LK, ARK. Camille Gult, above, Belgium's former Minister of Slate and Finance, is piclured in his Washington ofTicc after being named Managing Director of Ihe newly organized SB.BOO.OOO.OOO International Monetary Fund. COTTON FARMERS We have just received some material and can take orders for about 50 Weed Burners for May delivery. You can cultivate and burn weeds in one operation. Just the Tractpr Driver. Two and four-row. We are bonded and licensed in Arkansas, Louisiana and Mississippi. We use only certified welders on manifold welding. See or telephone (Phone 782) us, Clarksrlale, Mississippi. We are working 24 hours a day lurnintr out burners. 2-Row Burners . $295 and $395 With Spark Plug Ignition $495.00 -1-Kow Burners Equipped With 115-Giillon Tanks (Not 60 gallons) With Spark Plug Ignition $750.00 Compare These Burners With Any Ma.le Southern Implement Manufacturing Company I 1 . O. BOX 31X—CLAKKSDALK, MISSISSII'FI I'. S.—Or Contact Your Local Butane Healer, Who Can C:ill Us I I I I I I I I I / When you take your Johh Deere Tractor out in the field after our factory-trained expert! have given it a "going-over," you'U say it performs good at new. Our shop. men are experts. They know exactly what your tractor should do , . . ind how lo make it deliver i full measure of service. Doa't wait for a breakdown, A check op now and a few simple adjustment! may save you the expense and delay of more serious complications later on. * - •*.;. When you tiring your tractor in. bring in y«»r strap . . . Keep koth in the fight. NOW AVAILABLE FOR IMMEDIATE DELIVERY Suitable for Sawmills, Unloader Fans, Irrigation Pumps, etc. NO PRIORITY REQUIRED ELLIS IMPLEMENT CO. GetltAt... j^ajHj • >lb- 1 """ •««••'• _M\ WOODS! The New Senaatioiul K-M AEROSOL INSECTICIDE DISPENSER ConUins the fa- ii DDTVormula $295 Kilh flic*,' n znU, b»d buo, water bucB. Mtilu, lil- ver Hsh and otker l«sect*. Farmers Attention! Starr Your Campaign for Pest Control NOW! - s, Depend (m WOODS for the. proper DDT Pest Control Solutions to meet your every need ami safeguard your slock. When NKW and better formulas are avutlabk W(M)1)S will have it. ' WOODS Drug Store Where BJ r theviJfe Meets Roy Woods OWNEUS Ralph Nichols 1'hime 007-508 2(1 West Main Street IT TAKES MONEY TO KEEP YOUR TRACTOR TURNING You'll nnd this a Friendly, Understanding Bank and the vacant chair beside each officer's desk Is a silcnl Invitation for you to sll down »nd talk over your business problems wltli them at any time. We'll try lo help you. Farmers Know That It Takes Money to Grow A Good Crop! Farmers also'know that cash for crop expenses can be quickly obtained at the friendly FIRST NATIONAL BANK through a crop production loan. The interest rate is low and you repay loan in the fall, when your crops are sold. needs will be given prompt attention and courteous consideration. Come in and discuss your credit needs with one of the friendly, helpful FIRST NATIONAL BANK officers. Your We'll be glad to *•• you. ' The First National Bank .THE ONLY NATIONAL BANK IN MISSISSIPPI COUNTY MEMBER FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM MfMtffft F.0.I.C.