The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 23, 1949 · Page 4
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April 23, 1949

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 4

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PAGE FOUR BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS SATURDAY, APRIL 23,1949 THE BLYTHEVH.LE COURIER NEWS :. ' IBB OOURU8 MKW8 OO H. W OAINE8, PubUabet JAMES L. VKRBOEFF Editor PACT. D HUMAN. Advertising Manner flott MaUonci AdvertWng Representative*; Wltmet Co. New York, Chicago Detrott Ererr Afternoon Except Intend M «eoond cla» m»ttei at the pott- (Oic* a* Blytbeville, Arkac***. under act ol Coo- gre««. October 9. 1917 Uember ot The Associated Prew SUBSCRIPTION RATES: By carrier to the cits or BlythevUle or «n» g^h^rtan town where carrier service la main- d Me per week 01 85c pei month Bj mf". within • radius ol 50 miles (4.00 pei Mtr, $2.00 Cot &lx months, Sl-00 foi three months: by mail outside 60 mile tone J10.00 per year U> advance tlie setting in th« court of world opinion will b« impressive and important. The Hungarian pricsl and the Bui- garian preachers are not free, but they are not forgotten. And if tlie Soviet bloc succeeds later, by way of retaliation, in charging non-Communist countries with violations of luimiin rights, let them be discussed, too. It is important to throw the United Nations spotlight on the oppressed and mistreated, no matter who operates the light. Something to Cackle About It's'Up to Greece Meditations Let the brother of low decree rejoice In Hint be Is exalted: But the rich in that he Is made Ion: because aa the flower of the trass he shall pass away.—James, 1:9, 10. '* There Is not sound btsls upon which it may be assumed that all poor men are godly and all rich men are evil, no more than it could be assumed that all rich men are good unA all poor men ore bad.—Norman Feale, D D. Barbs As the male might say it, "What a mnnl"— md the lemale, "What, a man?" • • » An optimist li a peison who Is always going to My the pessimist what .ie owes him. • • • An extra dab of cosmetic is all some girls need these days to make up for lost sleep. : • • • A retired hockey player has had 120 stitches on his body—the old sew and sew! • • • All kinds of spiring tips are olfered these days, - but we'll stick to those that come on asparagus. Secretary of State Achesou acted wisely, we believe, in turning down Great Britain's suggestion that this country increase its military aid to Greece. There seems little doubt that America has given the Greek government equipment superior to the guerrillas', and enough of it to have won the war long ago if there had been leadership and effort to match. Our government cannot cut off funds from Greece'without assuring a Communist victory. But, with its other commitments, it cannot add unscheduled millions to this seemingly lethargic Greek struggle for national survival. The Greek government apparently has the tools of victory. Mr. Acheson's action ia another notice that America, in return, expects Greece to clean house, buckle down and win its war. VIEWS OF OTHERS Brickbats About Brannan Chinese Communists May Find Yangtze to Be Mighty Barrier Th, DOCTOR SAYS By ErtVin K Jord»n, M. D. Written For NEA Service Streptococci are germs which look like ll'lle round balls attached end to end like a chain. There are several kind*, some of which are responsible for scarlet fever, septic sore throat, most cases of "blood polsonlM?," and childbed fever. Surgeons always watched for signs of streptococci Infections after their operatliiis ever, before they knew what was responsible. Motheis dreaded to go Into hospitals because of the great danger of such inlections. The germs were carried by unpasteuriscd milk and caused illness in several hundred familier, if the milk became contaminated with strentococcl. Danger' Reduced All this has been changed. As a result of studies in the science of bacter'.olosry, or germ diseases, no longer l.s there a serious danger of contracting childbed fever In hospitals Rarely are there epidemics from milk-carried or food-carried streptococci. The pasteurization of milk, which he process of heating milk to kill germs, and the greater attention given to preventing the entr- We shall know soon how much striking-power the Chinese Communist armies possess, for their task of crossing the mighty Yangtze Rivjr—last formidable barrier b twcen Hed china and the N»-^ tlonalist South—would be NapoV* eonic If they encountered strong resistance. Perhaps we should do better to put the operation In terms of Nationalist weakness. For it is great, relatively speaking. Already the Communist chief, Mao Tze-tung, has llung troopa across the river at strategic point*, spurring them on with the cry: "Liberate all China." Tills resumption of fighting, grim as U Is, will clarify the situation faster than would long-drawn-out talk. The Nationalists now know that appeasement won't work with the Communists. Peace could be achieved solely on Red terms. The only way to) rcaco. a clear-cut decision Is to fight it out. Chlaiif Remains a Factor If the Nationalists carry out thi plans which they have been contemplating, we are witnessing th« beginning of another stretch cf bloodshed and destruction. It is small comfort to note the historical fact that this will be only a further phase of the civil strlfi that has been going on intermit- Airing Abuse of Individuals !s Step Forward for UN The spirit triumphed over the letter when the UN General Assembly voted to debate the trials of Cardinal Jlintl- • szenty and the 15 Bulgarian Protestant : leaders. It was a minor triumph. Twenty nations abstained from the vote, and the Soviet bloc of course voted against it. The debate will not free the prisoners or end political persecution behind •.the iron curtain. Nevertheless, the vote cannot be dismissed as meaningless. The champions of the letter had Bound arguments on their side. Spokesmen for the Soviet bloc naturally ar. gued that both trials were domestic matters which were outside the UN's jurisdiction. They tore into the human rights angle of the opposing argument by citing Australia's treatment of its aborigines, Bolivia's death penalty for attempts to establish a non-Catholic religion there, and America's Sacco- Vanzetti and Scottsboro trials. Even the Scandinavian government's spokesman objected to the debate, though there were no ideological issues involved. He argued that the matter should be ^aken up by the heads of the Big Three diplomatic missions in Budapest and Sofia, according to the Hungarian and Bulgarian peace treaties. i These were telling points. But the victorious champions of the spirit cut through parliamentary details to the heart of the question. Speaking for the United States, Benjamin Cohen said, "The question is not what happened in "eastern Europe before and during the war. The question is what is happening now. . . . The item is not directed at a review of a specific, isolated trial, but rather at the general problem of the observance of human rights in the two countries." : ' We do not say that all the 30 govern- i merits who supported the debate did so j ^solely out of consideration for human j ;rights. We do not say that there were - no motives of national and religious interest or of desire to embarrass the Communist governments. Nor is the ': record of all the 30 governments as re- .gards human and civil rights a happy 'one. But whatever the motive, the result was good. For one thing, it showed : that the Assembly majority wants no reciprocal agreements on this issue. .Nobody said, in effect, "We won't talk .about the way you treat some of your citizens if you will be as kind in not mentioning how we treat some of ours." Whenever the plight of the individual human being can gain the UN's attention in competition with international politics, that is a small victory for human rights. The General Assembly * may b« only a debating society. But it > will probably hear and discuss the whole cynical, cruel story of these religious trials. Th*..story rosy b« familiar, but No detail can b« changed in the complex system of government aid to farmers without offending vested Interest*. It was, therefore, to be expected that Secretary Brannan's far- reaching change* would not be greeted every where with acclaim. A questioning attitude n proper, but there are also signs of close-minded opposition. Several farm spokesmen In Congress have already plainly turned thumbs down, mid Mr. Brannan's audience at the Missouri Chamber of Commerce ran from cool to hostile. Yet the Secretary's vision bears great promise. It offers a happier alternative to the present policy of jacking up fooii prices. It converts farm aid trom a narrow har.dout to a multi-purpose investment which would ilso Ix-Uer the nation's diet, promise soil conservation, and reduce tlie production of wasteful surpluses Some people fear It would cost more than the present farm-aid system Cost estimates must be made, of course, before "he plan deserves either • Yes or a No answer. Mr. Brannan can already point out that the present scheme la costly—that the loss on last year's potato crop alone may come to $200,000,000. It is worth something to change from artificial scarcity to lower-priced food that will Improve the health and well-being of moderate-income people. The Brannan plan has a capital Investment feature, Ux>, in that it promises a substantial degree ot real recovery In agriculture instead of endlessly pouring money down the relief rathole. The old charge was mmcdlatcly hurled that it would "regiment" farmers. Mr. Hvannan answers that the provisions under attack are already in tlie law. It seems to us. Indeed, that his system in the end will involve less direct interference with farmers' Initiative than the present one. Cotton and grain imprests aru hostile because the Secretary wants to taper oft their subsidies. They killed former Secretary Wlckard's somewhat similar "reconversion" plan to relieve the South from Its ruinous -jvcr-dependence on cotton. Yet. in the end, other Americans will demand enough reconversion tu gel the unmanageable surplus off their oack-s. Mr. Brannan's Ideas should not be adopted without earnest exploration. There is no dangci Hint they will be. Bur. neither should ideas ol such great potential premise be dismissed oil the culf. ' —ST. LOUIS POST-DISPATCH. PETER EDSONS Washington News Notebook Dispute Over Mail Payments by the U.S. To Railroads Heading tor Battle Royal unce of these germs into Ihe milk, have all meant increased safety for the milk drinkers. The greatest credit belongs to those who pioneered in understanding (he methods which could be used tr- combat these dangerous streptococci. Pasteur's name, of course, stands high. Among others I are our own Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes, Ihe father of the late Chte! I Justice of the Supreme Court, and Semmclv.eiss who deserve most of the credit for conquering childbed 1 fever. All this lias meant that fewer.and I fewer casts of streptococci infections occur. Now a new weapon has become available. The sulfa drugs I penicillin, and similar preparations attack most streptococci. Th's ha.- brought the streptococc diseases still further under contro so that, tiicy no longer present th danger which they did less than century ago. WASHINGTON, (NEA)—A battle t on a take it or leave It basis, royal over the rates the ". S. gov- The Post Office Department con- ernmcnt pays the American rail- tends that the railroads' figures are oads for hauling the mail has been based on assumptions and compu- p It has been called a three-bllli' , ollar battle participants include , underlying evidence indicates a Postmaster General Jesse M. Don- I weakness in the railroads' case Idson and the U. S. Post Office De- ' which they fear will be disclosed. Dclnnov further charges that the thc making for over two years nd Is now about to burst wide tntions not supported by fact. Post Office Solicitor Prank J. Delaney hns charged that the failure by the ion- | railroads to submit work sheets and pnrtmcnt, Ihe interstate Commerce 3ommlssion, the General Account- n'g Office, the Congress, and the Association of American Railroads and Its subsidiary Committee on Railway Mail Transportation. Through this committee the railroads have petitioned the In- :erestate Commerce Commission far increases In mail pay totaling 80 per cent of present mall revenue ( of $178,000.000. amounting to $142,000,000 ft year. Postmaster General Donaldson believes, briefly that any Increase the government pays the railroads should be based on a new and comprehensive study of costs. The Post Office Department has offered to pay Us full share of making this ! survey. Postal inspectors would be assigned to make it. Congress hns j pproprlated $390.000 to do the job. I rms have been prepared to get j e data. Little Railroad Co-Operation But the Association of American nilroads. through its Committee Railway Mail Transportation, s flatly refused to use the Post trice accounting forms and has fused to submit the full data quested by the department In- ead. the railroads have submitted the ICC only their own data, SO THEY SAY railroads want this rate case disposed of without full and fair hearing. The railroads did not ask for their 80 per cent increase all In one swoop. In February, 1947, the railroads first asked the ICC to approve a 45 per ceiit increase in mail pnv rates. There were brief hearings and much stalling by both skies. On December 4. 1947. the ICC granted the railroads a 25 per cent interim increase. This would have given the roads about $44,000,000 additional a year, postmaster General Donaldson at first refused to pay Ihe increase. In an effort to : force the railroads to agree to a full 1 cost study. Lust June the railroads i asked for a 65 per cent increase 1 instead of their original request for 45 per cent increase. In August the railroads and the Post Office reached a tentative agreement for a cost study. Postmaster Donaldson them released payment to the roads under the 25 wanted. Railroads Up Demands But in October the ICC ordered a 10-day survey of railway mail operations. It was a big undertaking, involving every train. The railroads agreed to co-operate on everything except determination of station labor and terminal costs, amounting to about one-third of the requested increase. On this item the roads merely submitted claims for Increases totaling about $38,000,000. When Post office accountants dug Into these claims they found them full of major errors. There were big unsubstantiated claims for items of lights, lubrication and labor. The Post Office then requested a spot study of 200 terminals, which handle about three-fourths of all the mail. The Railway Mail Transportation Committee refused to cooperate on this study. Postmaster General Donaldson then wrote letters to all the railroad presidents, asking their cooperation on this terminal cosl survey. A number agreed, but the majority refused to co-operate Some of the executives, including Pennsylvania's M. W. clement, didn't even answer. On April,!, 1949 however, the Railway Mail Trans Note: Dr. Jordan Is unable to ans.Vet li-dividual questions from readers. However each day he .will answer out- of the most frequently asked questions in his column. * * * . Thr Doctor Answers By Erlwin P. Jordan, M. D. Question: For what conditions •e electric shock treatments given? Answer: Electric shock treatments re today more commonly given for , portatlon Committee asked the ICC for a 65 per cent increase in vxy— making the total request an 80 pe cent raise— with an immediate in terim Incre^e of 35 per cent on pe cent increase order. Even after j ««m mere-<:>i - H, the railroads got 'his money, the '°P °' the • ' ""* "T'' cnse rtrafiged. One theory was that they were waiting for the election of bmvey. A Republican postmaster tently ever since the Revolution ot 1911, which resulted In the overthrow of the throne and the tablishment of the Republic. Informed sources say that unde: he guidanc of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek the Nationalists have been preparing to meet the Red invasion of China. The generalissimo's "retirement" has been more fiction than fact. It was • maneuver which at once established a "peace front" in Ihe capital to negotiate with the Reds, and gav« Chiang a change to organize Chin* South of the Yangtze for defenw if peace talks failed. Set Up Resistance Zonei The Nationalists are said to havt divided their whole territory Into zones of resistance. This contemplates that opposition to the Red invasion from the north will be made by stages. I understand that Chinese who have had instruction In the United States have been organizing thU projected guerrilla warfare. Ot course the Nationalists a r • terribly short of military equipment, but Chiang is said to have been marshalling his resources and is figuring on making them go a* far as they will. So presumably the generalissimo^ and his followers shortly will un^ij dertake the job ol 'defense—if thl« project of guerrilla warfare mater- j iali7.es. The alternative would seem to be abject surrender to the Com- ertaln kinds of mental illness than j niunists, who then would take over or anything else. Results are fre- uently very good. 15 Years Ago In Blvtheville — An appeal to pedestrians not to walk across the old cemetery on Walnut Street Is being made by relatives of those buried there. Mrs. C. E. Crigger said that women Interested in the cemetery raised $800 for sidewalks so that it all China. And what if the defense fails? Well, as the signs read, the generalissimo then will hop over to the great island of Formosa, just off the Chinese coast, and there establish a new government. out a way that East could have defeated it. She ruffed the opening lead of the five of hearts with the seven of spades, drew three rounds of trumps, then led a small diamond from dummy. East played low, declarer won the trick witn . general might Give them what they That was when the postmaster general decided it -as time for showdown. How he will fight will be reported in the next Issue. _ N HOLLYWOOD Hy Ersklne Johnson NF..J Staff Correspondent No one living now xvill ever see a cheap American government again.—House Speaker Sam Rayburn. • » • If to be resolute is In be hostile, then we shall have to endure the slanders ol those who call us hostile. For their slandcis are thr expressions o! angry resentment from lackals denied their plunder.—Army Chief of Staff Gen. Omar Bradley. * • • If the welfare of the world anj the democratic nations of the world were at stake I would not hesitate to make that decision ugaln.—President Truman, on his decision to use the atomic bomb to end the war with Jaoan Its mysteries are as jark to me as they are to the alert American prcn men. But a French proverb may help: 'Forever changing and torever the same."—British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bcvtn, commenting on recent changes in the Kremlin. • • • If Russia does not meditate armed attacks, the (North Atlantic) Treaty cannot harm her. It Is a covenant In benall of pea<- e Rnrt " (c an<l liberty. It is nothing more.—Sen Tom Conally (D) of Texas. • • » Some two centuries igo there began a burst In scientific accomplishments . . rhal burst it By no beans over; its hl?h point, 1 believe, tins not ivtn yet been reached.- I)r Vannevar Bush, president, th* CarnefU Inititut* of Wuhlnf too. PALM SPrUNGS. Call. —(NBA) -I've got spurs that jingle, j.viklc, ust like Roy Rogers, but I've got omcthing he'll never have—a throbbing dcrriere. There will be no more desert horseback rides for Johnson. I'm ticking to the leather of my con- •ertable—even If I never talk to nnolher movie star. ! went luintinp Hie movie crowd today and discovered (hat they'll all gone horseback ridlnff. "The went thata way." the man said. So I said, "Give me a horse." "What kind o( a horse?" the man nskcd. I said, "A horse that walks and stops." The man double-crossed me. He gave me a refugee from Santa The drug store clerk swallowed her own gum, but made the exchange. Or haven't you heard about postwar economy? Palm Springs is a gay place after dark and pre-breakfast pick-me- ups are as popular as the morning comics. The best. I'm told, is a "Clipper." whipped up by Walter the bartender at the Chi-Chi. It's a combination of lemon juice, sugar, an egg, milk, bourbon and absinthe. One olrl gentleman trom De- troll. His sairl, was picked up hy cine of these clear to the top of nc.irby Ml. San Jacinlo. Despite the beautiful scenery, the acntioners seem to be more Interested In movie stars. Bob Levin vas telling me about sonic rich folks from the East who spent a month at the Blltmore. One might they sat a few feet away from Clark Gable and Ann Sheridan McKENNEY ON BRIDGE B.v William E. McKennej America's Card Authority Written for NEA Service This Slam Contract Can Be Defeated We now have a team of sisters, Mrs. Avmi.sta Cantor and Mrs. Ger- trurif jobc.i, of New York City, wiio are doing very well in tournament bridje. The famous team of brothers , ten of diamonds and then led the king- Esst took the second diamond trick with the ace and led the queen of hearts. Mrs. Cantor discarded a diamond and won with the ace of hearts In dummy. Now she played dummy's last Irump. then led a club to her king, followed by two more rounds of diamonds. Poor West found himself squeezed. If he threw a. club. Mrs. Cantor's clubs would be good If he threw a heart, she vrouW make the jack of hearts in dummy. If East, had led a small heart when hi got in the ace of diamonds he coulci have held the queen o! heaits and protected West agalns Philippine'* Lumbermen Seeking U.S. Market MANILA. (IP)— Lumbermen h»v« decided to launch a sales c-mpniga to put Philippines hardwoods back in the United States market. Industry leaders say exports In 1948 totalled only 14,000,000 board feet. In 1941 the total was about 200.000,000. They say African wood» made big headway in the United States when the war stopped Philippines shipments. Read Courier News Want Ada. Anita. Tlie nas galloped me arounrt > a big circle and then galloped .ght back to the stable, apparently o have someone put a floral horse- hoe around his neck. I got the floral decoration In- cad. But H wasn't a horseshoe It was a wreath. "The movie stars went thata way." the man satc> very firmly. I went the other way. On foe Not very firmly. riek-Me-Uu "Postcard tourists"—Sunday motorists who clog Palm Springs traf- fie buy postcards, have lunch, and and sirloin. Twceis and Weeds, the rush back to Los Angeles, arc a I Cork 'n Bottle. Sips 'n Snacks, and. evil, but it's the movie I for an Ice cream parlor. "Moo to You." Honest. at the Doll House. They checked out the next day saving: "Now our trip is complete. WE saw Clark Gable and Ann Sheridan." Shoppes Only There arc no stores in Palm Springs—thye're all shoppes. The names sound like something out n( a Walt Disney fantasy: The Saddle Mr*. Cantor * A.K91 V None • KQJ1074 + K J 6 Tournament—Neither vul. Wn( Pass Pass Pas* Pass Pass Optnifig—V S Scrnt* I • 2* 4 » 4N.T. Nerth •1 * 4V 5¥ P*M EM* Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass 13 necessary stars and stern millionaires who support the big resort hotels such M the Palm Springs BiUmore. One postcard tourist gave Dorothy Fischer at the Town and Country restaurant the season's best Some of the Palm Springs hotel rates stop Los Angeles people cold, but there's « different reaction from castencrs who have been to Florida, They apree that evervlhinc is rra- i sonable compared to Florida's high ' prices. laugh. This ifhtsccr went to friend of Dorothy's, who works in drug store, handed her two post cards and said: "I bought these about an hour The weeping willow tree is a nn ago but I've decided not to use j tlvc of China and is npprr-c'ate-? foi Ihem. Could 1 trade them In lor a ; Its beauty although It has no prac. ot |um?" I Ucml v»lu«. e squeeze. would not be necessary for peoplt to walk across the graves. Pioneers of this city are attempting to keep the burial ground an attractive cemetery and are asking that all cooperate. The local U.D.C. has issued » call meeting for Friday afternoon *fe the home of Mrs. Joe S. Dllahunt>^ for the purpose of erecting a monument both here and in Osceola in memory of the Confederate soldien who gave their lives in the War between the States. Feathered Friend ITcvl""- !'•««'' HORIZONTAL VERTICAL 1 Depicted flying I Gibbon creature 2. Malt drink 5 Wager 8 It is a bird 12 On the sheltered side 13 Be fort 14 Assam silkworm ISReburTs . 17 Leather thongs 19 Light touch S Corded fabric 4 Retainer 5 Of highest quality 6 Symbol for erbium 7 Trial 8 Serious address 9.British money of account 10 Clamp 22 Unwilling 42 "tmcrald 23 Beverage Isle" 25 International 43 Inquires language 44 Spain (ab.l 26 Dress 45 Food fish 27 Epistle 46 Era MDirn'muUve of ii Aeriform fuel 33Container "°^ cl " Thomas 16 Musical note 35 Compass point 49 Rodent 18 Toward 36 Redacted 50 Age 21 With greater 37 Themes 51 Indian weigh' speed 41 Of the thing 54 Behold! B. Jay Becker and Simon Becke but tlu'y seldom play together one lives in New York and the olh Philadelphia. Th? two sisters were defending champions this year in the Eastern States mixed team-ol-four event, but they did not repeat their victory In the recent Atlantic City tournament, Mrs. Cantor won the mixed paii event, and she and her sister playing with Harry Kllger, of Philadelphia, and Arthur Brace of Wilmington, Del., won the team- ol-'our event. M s. Cantor got a nice result out of vxiLV'* hind, »nd then 21 Destiny 24 Verbal 28 Asseverate 29 Memorandum 30 Ocean 31 Size of shol 32 Transpose (ab.) 33 Part of harness 34 Domeslit slave 37 Wp?ry 38 Damboolike grass 39 Heavy blow 40 Anger 43 Viper 45 One who throws 4 8 Steeples 52 Type of molding 53 Breed 55 Charge 56 Act 57 Numbers (ab.) 58 Heavenly 1