The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 23, 1949 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Saturday, April 23, 1949
Page 1
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLV—NO. 27 Blythcvlllc Daily News Blythcville Courier Blythevillc Herald Mississippi Valley Leader BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, APRIL 23, 1949 KIG11T PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Service Council Plans Permanent Planning Agency Advisory Group To Aid Civic, Other Organizations in City Wilh half or the city's civic or- Kiinixntians represented at a mcet- iiiB last nlRht to organize a com inunity service council for Blytheville, the group designated temporary officers Riul called another meeting for 4:45 p. in. Thursday, at which time permanent officers wil be -selected. J. 1,. Gunn. president of the Chamber of Commerce, sponsoring aycncy for the new council, was elected temporary chairman, am Worth D. Holder, temporary secretary. Mr. Gunn as temporary chairmai was authorized to appoint a noinin aling committee to submit nomlna lions for permanent officers of tli fbv council -vhich will be a con-el l^ng agency to assist all civic clnbs the Chamber of Commerce, edncn tional, fraternal, religions and othc organized groups and city and conn ty officials with programs [or th betterment of the city. Need for Agency Stressed Alvin Huffman, J]-., presided ove last night's meeting, which was hel in the municipal courtroom in th City Hall. Rosco Crafton, representing th city's new Parks and Playground Commission, emphasized the nee for a correlating agency in all con munity betterment activities ai suggested that such an organizatio should be of great value in helph Blythevillc to obtain adequate recr atiotiul program. Organizations represented at I meeting last night included: U Chamber of Commerce. Red Cro Woman's Club, Kiwa is, Lions, a Rotary Clubs, Parks and Pin grounds Commission, Blythevi •Y'. Girl Scouts; Langc. Sudbu and High School parent-Teach associations; Blytheville Minist,e Association, P.E.O., and the Coin Welfare Department. .A total of 34 organizations n (•> listed for membership In t jtaposed community Service Con cil, it was announced, and it explained that possibly some agencies may have been overlooked In compiling the list. . To Serve as Advisory Group The general plan for the council, It was explained, is to have each of the community betterment agencies designate one of its leaders to serve on the council where various projects for the city would be discussed at regular meetings. The council members, according to the plan, will serve as liaison officers for their respective organizations to acquaint members of each of the individual agencies with the overall program under discussion from month to month by the service council. The agency would not be expected to take over any of the proj- jects of the individual groups, it was explained by Mr. Huffman, and by Mr. Gunn at an earlier meeting, but would serve in an advisory capacity and as a planning agency to encourage community-wide support for the various projects which might be launched as community enterprises. Damaged British Cruiser ',.-*' - Chinese Government Flees Nanking Nationalist Army Blasts Rail Depot Before Departing The British cruiser London, docked at a wharf on the Wlmngpoo Ivor in Shanghai. China, shortly before battle casualties were removed, hows plainly shell marks on the hull and superstructure Inflicted by Chinese Communist shore batteries durliiB running battle on the river. Some 15 were estimated dead and 23 wounded on the ship. (AP Wirephoto via radio from Shanghai.) Battles Over U.S. Health Insurance Plan Anticipated President's Program Facing Rough, Slow Going in Congress IK Marvin L. Arrow-smith WASHINGTON. April ^!3. (/Tj- rrcxldcnb Tinman's national licuUri Irmuftnce prognun to provide medical nnri hospital care for millions of Americans faces rouiOi uiul -slow KoltiK In Congress. But some critics of thnt plan predicted lhal the general idea contained in the of Mr. Truman's far-reaching hcullh program prob- nbly w!U he translated Into huv iit- cr u thorough-going study. Bsldcs the national Insurance )!:ui, the program the President sent lo Congress yesterday culls for: (I) Special financial aid to help medical schools expand; (2) In- crenscd aid for construction of hospitals and other medical facilities; and i3» more money for the public health preventive ,'nnd disease control services. Reaction Is Same Mr. Truman has called for a system of pre-pald Insurance many times before, and the general re- Americans Living In Shanghai Told To 'Get Out Now' Jollifi to Manage C of C at Osceola SHANGHAI. April 23 (/!')—The American consul here warned American imllonals tor the third time to got out while the getting Is exxxi. Consul Central John Cabot made the announcement and In so doing discUvscd for the first time possibility that this Industrial and financial center may bi-ftimc a b;ittle Meld in this newest revival ol the Chinese civil wii r. Cnbol urged that AiitorLcan, pmtlcularly women and children, who i till can should evacuate Slmnghiu the RiirrLsim commimdi'i 1 "lui.s Informed foreign repT.s'MituLivp.i that Shanghai will be defended, come what may." Self-Rule Powers Offered Germans Big Three Hold Out Offer in Effort to Set Up Federal State Director of Athletics At Manila Is Named To Succeed Paulus Charles JolHIT, Jr., who lias been nthletic director at Manila High School since his graduation ( from th? University of Arkansas in June. 194G, has been nnmcd to succeed Hnrry Pnulus as manager of the Osceola Chamber of Commerce. Dane Fergus, president of the Osceola chamber, said today that Mr. Jollift was named to the position at a meeting Thursday night, but that the date for him to assume his du- j ties was contingent upon his release from the athletic department at Manila. Mr. Paulus. who had been with the Osceola chamber since July, 19-17. resigned early this month to accept n position as manager of the , Milan, Tenn., Chamber of Commerce. His resignation is effective May 1. Native of Manila Mr. Jollift is a native of Manila, completed high school there in 1942, ind received a B. A. degree nl the University of Arkansas in Fayette- rille in June. 1046. At the University he was a member of the Razor- Navy Told to End Work on Carrier Defense Secretary's Order Halts Building Of 65,000-Ton Vessel back basketball seasons. He te;ini for several journalism and Hot Springs Man Testifies In Reds' Trial '~ NEW YORK, April 23 (iP>— Since the tnd ol'World War II the United Slates ha- 1 : become the chief target cf Communist plans for violent rcr volution, according to testimony at the Communist conspiracy trial. Qarfield Herron. of Hot Springs. Ark., Ic-striied yesterday that current teachings hold that the Truman administration has become the world's chief instrument of imperialism. Hcnon, a former aircraft worker who said he tunneled reports to the FBI while lie was in the Communist party, produced a 31-page outline, which he described as showing the party's post-war strategy. il<- Slid the tract included writings by Eugene Dennis, the party's executive secretary and a defendant, a'; well as articles by Stalin and Lrnin. Herron testified he worked for a Dousrl-is Aircraft plant in Chicago beginning in 1943, and joined the party il» 1944 after talking to FBI agents. The witness said he was no longer a party member because he had paid no dues =lnce he returnee to Arkansas in 1947. Earlier. Charles W. Nieodenuis, o Diwson, Md., testified that a party leader in Maryland once told a Com mimist meeting thnt Russia conic invade the United States through £jt<*ka Rllc ^ Canada. ^Nicodtmus, who joined the part: in 1MV and quit In 1946. said th. statement was made in the summe of 1045 by Albert Lannon, a directo of the Maryland-District of Colum bia Communist Party and a nationa conur.itteeman. physical education major, and member of Pi Kappa Alpha fraternity. Mr. JollifT's name was submitted to the Chamber of Commerce directors for approval Thursday by Steve Bowker, Ben Butler. Sr., and G. B. Sepraves, a committee namc<1 to secure possible successors to Mr, Paulus. Chancellor to Hear Divorce, Equity Cases Chancellor Francis A. Cherry Jnne.-boro will be in Blythevill Monday to conduct a one-day sion of char.cery court for th» Chick asa.wba District of Mississippi Coim ty Several divorce and equity case arc schc.dr.lcd to be heard, It wa indicated. Yarbro Residents Give Additional : unds for Marker The total collected on the Missis ppi County Memorial Association'; rive for funds to purchase a mark for the county's war dead today cached 53,156.03. with an addi onal S82.18 reported over ycstcr ay's lotnl. i In the additional solicitation >as 14 from the Yarbro community ;hich had previously contributed 114.50. Cletus Bailey is in charge if solicitation there, and said today hat 100 per cent response had been cccived from those contacted in hat community. Curtis J. Little, president of the association, reported the following contributions today: $25 each from lie American Legion Auxiliary, and Grabcr's Store: S5 each from Mr. and Mrs. Jlmmie Hemby and Mr. and Mrs. Herman Reynolds. S3 from Mr. Scaly and SI from Pete Millyard, other collections $18.18. WASHINGTON. April 23. (/Tl— Secretary of Detcnse Johnson today ordered the Navy to stop construction of its giant aircraft carrier United States. The keel of the C5.000 ton flattop was laid at the Virginia yards of the Newport News Shipbuilding Corporation last Monday, •Johnson said in a memorandum to Navy Secretary Sullivan that he acted to stop construction of the vessel after studying the views of the Joint chiefs of staff and conferring with President Truman. Neither the President nor Johnson had given any previous wore as to whether the controversial carrier should be built. Johnson sent the following mem- rancium to Sullivan: "With further reference to the iroposed- aircraft carrier U. S. S. Jnited States, I have now received he views of the chiefs of staff nd. after careful consideration nnd •liscussion of the matter with the resident, I have reached the conclusion that appropriate orders should be Issued discontinuing the construction of the vessel. Asks Minimum Expense 'Accordingly, you will issue such orders as may be required under he circumstances In order that construction may be discontinued at once at the least possible cost to the government." Considerable controversy had developed between the Navy and the Air Force over plans to build the big carrier. The Air Force contended the Navy was attempting to invade the field of strategic bombing by building a ship that could launch bombers almost as big as Tile Navy so far has spent about S56.000.000 on the preliminary engineering work for the carrier. The total estimated cost lias risen from an original $124,000000 to S189.COO,- 000. The cost of cancelling the contract with the Newport News Shipbuilding Corporation could not be estimated immediately. Although the keel for the ship was laid last Monday, it was learned today thnt orders for supplies and parts were stopped about 10 days ago. action for nnd ngnlnst the plan followed pretty much the same pattern this time. Critics said it. would lead to socialized and nationalized medicine. Friends of the plan contended it is the only way to provide adequate medical and hospital care for all. The administration Is expected lo send a bill covering the whole program to the capllol Monday Persons familiar with It said tile jrograin would work this way: Wage enincrs and salaried workers generally would be taxed about )'i per cent of their Income up to $4.800 a year. Employers would have .0 match that amount. Hence, a worker maklnu 51,800 a year would have 572 a year deducted from his pay. His employer w o u I it t>e taxed an equal amount. A worker who made only §2.400 a year would b« taxed only half as 'much—$36 a year. The emplo^*V* contribution would h* halved, too. The self-employed would have to pay the entire tax—about 3 per cent on" the first $4,800 of Income. While only the breadwinners of a family would be taxed, the insurance protection would apply to every mejn- ber of the family. Social security officials who drafted the program estimated the cost of the insurance feature at between $4,500,000,000 and $0.000,000,000 a year. The tax system would operate like the present Social Security program, which levies two per cent on the first S3.000 of annual Income split between workers and employ crs. ' Mr. Ti uman has proposed boost ing the Social Security tnx lo a lo tal of three per cent and has of fered other plans for dlsnbillt benefits and the like. Social Security Commissioner Arthur J. Altmp.yer salil all these programs, if adopted, might eventually cost up (o $17.500,000,000 year, with a payroll tax of 12 to 15 per cent. Even though the Senate probab! won't get a bill before the latter par of June, Senator Murray (D-Mont said he Is optimistic about th chances for Congressional actio during this .session. The target date for adjournment is July 31, but the lawmakers may stay on or come back for a special session. lly Kdwnrd K Bomur WASHINGTON. April 23—(/!')-The United Slates, Britain and France held out an offer of brond- er self-governing powers lo the Western Germans today In an urgent effort to get a federal state started in the former enemy country. With a possible cold war victory for Rus.sln hanging on the outcome, the United Stales rushed Its top trouble shooter on German affairs, Ambassador Robert D. Murphy, overseas to .sell the compromise proposal to balking leaders of the German Social Democratic Party. The powerful Socialists had claimed that the original three-power plan for a German state In the western occupation zones would 1m- osc to great « limit on the pro- oscd government, especially In tln- nclal matters. The new concessions are aimed fit meeting fame of. th>.SocUllsts' de- lands, which have blocked approval f the plan by the German Parll- mentary Council working at Bonn n the ciarft of a constitution for lie new state. First Reaction Favorable WOUNUEI> REMOVED—Chief Petty Officer Harry Greening Is remove from the British Destroyer Connor f, after Us arrival in Shanghai with 1 wounded and 10 bodies aboard. The Consort engaged Chlnrsi: Communist In n running light tor 60 miles up the YmiRUe river us it wont to the al of the British sloop Amethyst. (Al 1 Wiicphoto via nidlo from Shanghai Credit Curbs Again Relaxed; Terms Now at Pre-War Level Reds Cheer News of Civil War in China WASHINGTON, April 23. (/P ( —Beginning next Wednesday, Installment buyers will find credit terms us easy us before the war—or easier— unless sellers decide to be stricter than the government requires. + Tho Federal Reserve Board, taking nn iidmltlcdly Inflnllonary- ty|)c action Iti the wake of recent business declines, announced yesterday it Is icliixlni; credit controls for the second time In less than two months. The board decided to: 1. Lengthen the preset^ 21-month lime limit for paying off Installment purcliasofl of cars, television sets, furniture, etc., ^o 24 months, effective April -27. The first reaction to the proposals rom Donn was favorable. German rejection of the self- government plan would lie regarded as a hard blow to the West In Its struggle with Soviet Russia to keep Germany from Communist control. French Foreign Minister Schn- nan said in faris yesterday that t might somehow be possible to lave a Western German state and nn Eastern German slate "under [he same hnt," but. he didn't say tiow. He also indicated at a news conference that a four power conference In Germany might be In the making. Murphy American political advls- r on German affairs Is due In Frankfort by air In time for a critical meeting Monday between the western military governors and the German leaders. Secretary of State Acheson ordered the. trip yesterday shortly before the Slate Department announced the concessions. These were contained in a memorandum sent April 8 to Gen. Lucius D. Clay and Hie British and French military governors with Instructions that it might bo passed on lo ApllI 23. IIP)— \VV.r news from China brought delegates to their feet for two minutes of wild cheering today at the CDtnmuillst- lert World Congress for Pence. They did It In spite or a verbal spunking (rom n British lawyer Flarvcy Moore, who told them they could not be for peace nnd still support Chinese communists In the war In China. British historian J. Q. Crowthcr, the day's chairman, dramatically announced, alter Moore's speech: "We have just learned that the democratic Chinese forces have entirely liberated Nanking." Then Crowthcr led tl>e l.noo delegates In three "htp-hlp-hurrays" and the wildest cheering of the Congress meeting to date. Moore. 57. shocked the delegates with his speech, the first one so far flt this congress which called for nn end to a war In progress The delegates sat stunned as he cried: Weather Arkansas forecast: Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Sunday. Not quite so warm this afternoon and tonight. Missouri forecast: Fair tonight and Sund'.y. No important change in temperature. Minimum this morning—59. Maximum yesterday—80. Sunset today—6:38. Sunrise tomorrow—5:18. Precipitation 21 hours to 7 a.m. today—none. Total since Jan. 1—22.19. Mean temperature (midway between high and lowl—69.5. Normal mean for April—61. This Date l-ast Year Minimum this morning—59. Maximum yesterday—R3. Precipitation Jan. 1 to this date —20.02. Two More Men Arrested For Thefts at Scene of Fatal Automobile Crash Two South Mississippi County men. J. c. Phillips. 21. of Wilson nnd Wade Jlmmerson. 26. of Bassett. are in Crittendcn County Jail in Marion today charged with the thef" of a wrist watch and a cigarette lighter from the scene of the accident near Turrell April 15 which fatally injured Raymond and Millard English of Blythevillc. two men were arrested yesterday by Deputy Sheriff Cliff Cannon of Osceola. They were said by officers lo have admitted "finding" the watch and lighter near the sccre of the accident shortly after it happened The watch and lighter were recovered. Deputy Caif.ion said. According to Deputy Cannon the two men were among the first to reach the scene of the accident whloh occurred at the Intersection of ili^hwaj 61 and Alternate Highway 61 west of Turrell. They were taken to Marion this morning Crittcnden County authorities. Sam Junior Cook, a 16-year-old Turrell Negro 1 , was arrested Thursday night by Crittenden County authorities and charged with the theft of approximately S700 from the sci-ne of the accident. He is being held In jail at Manon, 2,000 Homes Sprayed With DDT in County W. O. Stinnett, supervisor for malaria control in Mississippi County said today that already 2.000 homes had been sprayed with DDT under the program sponsored by the Arkansas Department of Public Health. Mr. Stinnett stated that one unprotected house in the neighborhood could endanger the occupants of that house, and the entire neighborhood. He urged all residents to participate in the state-wide drive against Insects and the diseases thy carry. Mr. Stin lett explained that insects will be killed when they light n a house sprayed with DDT, but that they can pick up disease In an unsprayed house and spread it throughout the community. "Good sanitation," Mr. Stinnett said, "gets to the source of the pest trouble by dominating fly and mosquito breeding -Maces." the Germans time. at an "appropriate" Missing Arkansan's Body Hunted in River BATESVILLE. Ark., April 23— <JP> —Everett Green, about 38. pough- keepslc, Ark., disappeared early this morning and It was feared he may have fallen into the White River. The water below U.S. Lock and by Dam No. 1 here is being searched. Officers were told that Green last Angered British Crowd Besieges Top Communist DARTMOUTH, En£.. April 23. l/Tl —An enraged, stone-throwing crowd besieged Britain's top Communist. Harry Pollitt. In a building for hours here early today. He finally escaped unharmed after the Incident, which followed the breaking up of a political meeting where Pollltl had discussed the shelling of four British ships by Chinese Communists. Pollitt waited till Ihc crowd gave up and lett. He then drove away before daybreak through deserted streets. Tor a time neither police nor reporters could trace him. Then reporters discovered he had taken refuge In a private home at the village of Darlington, near Totnes. Pollitt Is scheduled to speak to- nlghl at Tolnes under ;x>!lcc protection. His host. F. Scyd. said the meeting there would go on as scheduled. Pollitt would not come out and would not answer written questions sent In by newsmen. A catcalling crowd shouted "Down with Russia" during the Incident. A shower of stones and other missiles had broken up an outdoor gnthering last night where Pollitt general secretary of the British Communist Party, attempted to dls- "Do not. deceive yourselves, you cnnnot be for war (In China) and peace, nl the same time. "Proletarian bureaucrats, as well as bourgeois bureaucrats will have to learn that people want freedom of the Individual, freedom of speech, freedom of elections and freedom to change their government if Ibcy want to." The delegates made no sound. "Where are the cheers?" asked Moore. He finally got a Illtle by this urging. Moore, n king's counsel and representative of the International Organization of Democratic Lawyers, started his speech by saying: "Anyone, American. Russian or Bulgarian, who would have anything to do with dropping anatomic bomb on his fellow man Is n cad." He got no reaction. State Farmers Owing For Loans on '48 Cotton Urged to Market Crop LITTLE ROCK, April 23—</Ti— Arkansas producers who owe the government money on their 1948 cotton crop have been urged to consider marketing the crop before he July 31 maturity date. The suggestion was offered by C. C. Wlllcy, chairman of the stale committee of he Production and Marketing Ad- nlnlstration. The U. S. Department of Agriculture has announced that the 1948 crop dcmalntng In loan Aug. 1 will be pooled and sold for the producers' accounts. Growers either may sell their equity in the loan cotton or redeem It from loan and sell It In the open market. On March 17. loans were outstanding on about 4,400,000 bales of 1918 cotton In Arkansas, Willey said. rol limit wns IB months, llefore Ihc wnr. board studies show, "typ- cnl" terms allowed by dealers without controls were 12 months for radios, phonographs nnd used cars, 18 mouths for everything else.) 2, Cut the cash down payment to 10 per cent fiom the present 15 per cent for everything by autos—for which It remains 3:1 l|3 per cent. (Ileforo March 7, the down payment on most goods wns 20 per cent). 3. Exempt from control requirements nil articles costing under $100. AL present, the exemption Is for goods costing under $50, The board's move to mnkc control terms as easy as. or easier than, the uuconlrolled terms of prcwnr days was expected to melt some of the Congressional opposition to cx- ondlng control powers beyond June 30, when they arc scheduled to expire. Chairman Mnybank (D-SCI of :he Senate Banking commitlec described the action as "n good Idea.' Maybank's commitlec will have to pass upon the proposal lo cxtcnc control powers, as urged by president Truman nnd the reserve board Thomns n. McCabc. chairman o the reserve board, si'id the agency bore In mind "current credit de vctopments and current trends ii employment in business" in lakln, the arttmi. McCnbr- Indirectly pronounced In nation dead nl present by declaring lhal, since the total volume of Installment credit (around S8.000,- OQO.OfiOi was small against a national Income of over $230,000,000.000- "Any increase In (hat- credit to which relaxation of the regulation might conti Unite would not under present circumstances be a significant clnnr'nt in reviving infla- tlonnry pressures." McG'nbc ndclci] that "If. however, such n condition were to arise again. I am -SUIT the Ixnird would act promptly to meet the situation was seen on a walkaway atop the dam. 20 feet above the spillway, en route to get Otto Smith, also of Poughkeepslc, who was fishing m the swift current below the dam. Green was missed when Smith prepared to Iwve Ihe «lt«. cuss the right of British warships to be in the Yangtze River when Chinese Reds shelled them. A father whose son wns killed on one of the warships figuied prominently In the disorders, nnd litng hinuelf, invilcd Pollitt to Last Lonely Occupant Of Natchez' Famous 'Goat Castle' Is Dead NATCHKZ. Miss. April, 23 W— The last, lonely occupant of Natchez' Famous "Goat Castle" is dead. Marianne Man Found Dead in Burned Room MARIANNA, Ark., April 23—</T")— Andrew Mlxon, semi-Invalid, was found dead In a smoke-filled bedroom of his home here this morn- Ing. Firemen expressed bcllei that Mixon, 5fl-year-old retired surveyor and veteran of the first World War, had been smoking In bed. His bedroom was the only room 'in the hou» thai was damaged. Miss Ontavla Dockery, daughter of a C-HiIcdcrnte general and distantly i elated to Jefferson Davis, died In a nursing home here yesterday at the age of 84. The dilapidated mansion on a 45-acre estate once was a proud | Southern sliowplnce known as, "GlrMnwood." Famous for years to tourists. "Goat Ca.stlo's" two elderly residents resisted all efforts to oust them after a mortgage suit. Miss Dockery and the late Richard C. Dana, cousin of the famous Charles Dana of the New York Sun, resided there. He died last October. The two were charged and then cleared In the 1931 death of a neighbor, Miss Jennie Marrlll, daughter of a one-time U. S. minister to Belgium. The ramshackle mansion received Its odd name from the fact that Dana V.cpt goats that roamed at j Texas Co will ovet the place. ' ,U. S. St*«l Entry of Vlctoriout Communist Troops Expected Shortly By Seymour Topping NANKING, Api'il 23. (AP) — The Chinese government nbiiiuloiiccl Nimklng today nnd cpiii'ling Nntioimlist troir-i >low up the big railway sta- iou outside the unde- cudcd wnlId oi' the capital. AH along the Yangtze, demorallz- (I Iroops nave way before the Red null thnt breached the grcnt rlv- r barrier. Pour Nationalist armies, otnlliiB probably 100,000 men, re- rented southward. They left Nan- khiK's WAlcrftont In flnmcs and the •Ity unprotected from the fury of ootlnsj mobs. (The Communist radio said to- ilght lied troops were pouring across Ihc river "according to plan" In key sectors of t front 31o milt* long. This operation extends from Klnngyn. ao mites southeast of Nan- king, to Kluklang, 230 miles southwest. (The Pelplng voicecast, heard In Shanghai, said 350.000 men would be across Ihc river between Kluklanf nnd Anklng tonight. Between An- klng and Wuhu, 60 miles southeast of Nanking. 300.000 Reda hav« broken through "very weak" government, defenses, Ihe radio claimed. Red* Claim Vlclorltt (In Ihe sector eastward from Nanking, the Reds reported 350,000 Iroops have occupied Ohingklanf, Yniiutsung nnd Klangyln, Including a Klnngyln fort which give* them control of the river. Klangyiri Is only 88 miles upstream from Shanghai.) Tho cnplta.1 awnlted the entry of the Communists. Crowdi stood- In the streets—some glum, some curious—for the sight of the triumphant Reds. Negotiations for turning the city over to the Communist* already were reported under way. Otn. Ma QJ'In-Vua.rv'chairman of .Ujj ^RUH^*;-: king "Emergency Peace. •PtEMuTSr."- " tlon Committee," had said writer ' he hind made contact with the Rede for this purpose. '• ; How soon the Reds would t*k* over no one would say—If they. knew. There was only one reason they hnd not yet come: They had not yet chosen to do It. • ' Two Armlea Face Capital The Communist 35th and 3Tth rmies—about 40,000 strong—faced he capital across the Yangtze. There wns nothing to stop them. Flames and smoke billowed .up all along Nanking's river port from Ires set by government troops a* hey pulled out. Mobs surged through he area looting everything they could lay hands on. I saw Nationalist Demolition enms blast the. Nanking railway •stnllon Just outside the city's north wAll. They worked quickly and efficiently In nn area completely deserted except for a few looters scurrying nround the stripped warehouses. The walls of the new station building cnvcd In. The entire area nfinme. but I could not ten how effective wns the demolition Inside the rnllway yards. I toured the blazing port area for the second time today. It was a scene of niter destruction and desolation. There were no regular Communist troops to be seen although fire was going on steadily nil along the south bank of the river. I saw some plalnsclothsmen carrying rifles —probablv Red guerrillas. Take 3 Kail Stations Foreign military quarters reported the Communists had tnken the railway stations of three towns near Nanking—Chinktnng. Tanyang and Clinngchow. These three points, ranging from 35 to 75 miles away, make nn nrc on Nanking's flanlt from northeast to southeast. (Topping's dispatch was filed by radio to San Francisco after he had been cut olf from telephone communication wHh Shanghai. The telephone break had set n flood of rumors around Shanghai that the r)"ds had entered Nanking.) .Whether government Iroops still could make a stand was a question. Demornllzatton had set In amonij many units Many quit fighting and sat down 10 await their conquerors. Others Joined looters In Nanking. Many wen'. Into civilian clothes. Premier Ho Ying-Chln, took over the Defense Ministry and presumably flew to the uncertain haven of Shanghai. New Yor* (Closing Quotations) Am. T & T 145 Am. Tobacco 64 1-J Anaconda 30 Beth Steel 29 7-8 Chrysler 503-8 National Distillers 17 3-4 General Electric 31 1-4 Gcaeral Motors 57 5-8 Int. Harvester . 241-8 Montgomery Ward 53 S-8 N. Y. Central 11 1-8 No. Amn. Aviation 103-4 Packard * Radio 12 1-8 Republic Steel 22 3-« Socony-Vacuum 163-1 Standard Oil N. J 67 7-« Southern Pacific « 3-S 53 1-4 Ul-t

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