BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS ' ..-.--— mtfiuaia MiMKrv esinrrTOnAV UfAVOS 1Qfi« TIN CENTS 12 PAGES VOL. 62—NO. BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS (72815) SATURDAY, MAY 28,1966 'Nothing Surprises Me Any More': Bennett Court Cripples Arkansas' Anti-Evolution Law By BILL SIMMONS LITTLE ROCK, Ark. (AP) Arkansas' anti-evolution law has been struck down on grounds it restricts freedom of learning and teaching, but the state plans to appeal the ruling to the State Supreme Court. Chancery Court Judge Murray Reed held Friday the 1928 law was an unconstitutional re- slriction on the quest for knowledge. Reed's action cleared the way for legally teaching Charles Darwin's famous theory of evolution in pub- lic school classrooms. Atty. Gen. Bruce Bennett, defending the law as a bastion against what he called growing godlessness, said he would appeal Reed's ruling to the State Supreme Court, and, if necessary, to the U.S. Supreme Court. Susan Epperson, 24, a biology teacher at Little Rock Central High School, started the court test earlier this year with a suit challenging the constitutionality of the law, which was adopted at a statewide election in 1928. Mrs. Epperson, said, "It sounds very good and I'm very happy about it." She, too, .is prepared to continue file fight, if necessary, even though she is leaving Little Rock to continue her education with her husband, Jon, at the University of Missouri. * » * If the ruling stands, Tennessee and Mississippi alone will have the nation's two remaining so-called "monkey" laws. Reed voided the law because, he said, it restricts "freedom to learn and the freedom to teach." Bennett argued the state, as an employer, had the right to tell Mrs. Epperson what she could teach in the public schools. Quoting from a U.S. Supreme Court opinion defending the discussion of speculative theories in public school science study, Reed said any law designed! o limit or restrict the field of inquiry should be examined. He said he could find no reason for barring the evolution theory from the public schools", even though it may be objectionable to many of our citizens." The theory does not constitute • hazard to the safety, health and morals of the community to such an extent tiiat constitutional freedom may justifiably be suppressed by the state, he said. Reed said the law, which applied only to public schools, also would be unconstitutional by failing to provide pupils of private schools the same protection. He mentioned in his ruling the famous trial of John Thomas Scopes in Dayton, Tenn., in 1925, but said the ruling of the Tennessee Supreme Court that upheld Tennessee's anti-evolution law had ben wiped out by U.S. Suprme Court rulings since then. The Arkansas law was adopted while toe Scopes case was on appeal to the Tennessee Supreme Court. Mrs. Epperson filed suit at the request of the Arkansas Education Association. During trial of the case last April, Reed sustained more than 100 objections blocking efforts by Bennett to question the validity of Sie evolution theory. "The truth or the fallacy of « scientific theory. or doctrine — like a religious doctrine or belief — is -not a triable issue in the court," he said. Bennett, commenting on the ruling, said, "Nothing surprises me any more.!' Eugene Warren, attorney who filed the suit, said he was "especially delighted that the ghost of the Scopes case has been . finally laid,to rest." Rev. Kreis Gosnell Pastor Leaves June 18 Rev. Bill Kreis has resigned as pastor of Gosnell Baptist Church after ten years of service. His resignation becomes effective June 18. Rev. Kreis will become pastor of Calvary Baptist Church of North Little Rock. Monday Is Holiday All city offices will remain open on Monday, Memorial Day, but county and federal offices will be closed. State offices in the City Hall building will also be closed. Both First National Bank and Farmers' Bank and Trust Company will be closed, but their night depository boxes will be available to depositers throughout the day. There will be no mail delivery and no open windows at the Post Office, but mail will be dispatched. Blytheville's social security office at 211 N. Broadway will be open from 8:30 a.m. to 4:45 p.m. to give persons 65 or older an opportunity to enroll for medicare benefits before the medicare deadline of May 31. Theatres, restaurants and other places of amusement gen- i erally will remain open. The voyage through a quarter-million miles of space will take 66 hours. Surveyor will blast off from Cap* Kennedy mounted atop on Atlas-Centaur launch vehicle. \ Family Credits Teenager With Saving Lad from Water SURVEYOR SHOOTS FOR A SOFT LANDING American hopes of duplicating and exceeding the Soviet achievement with Luna-9 ride with Surveyor, a spidery spacecraft designed for a three-point soft landing on the moon. Packed with miniaturized telemetry and radio equipment, it will, if all goes well, beam back to earth a far wider range of information on the moon's appearance and physical characteristics than came from Luna-9, which yielded the first pictures from the lunar surface last February. The first Surveyor launching is scheduled to be followed by two more this year. Surveyor will approach the moon at about 6,000 m.p.h. Near the surface, retrorockets will be fired to slow descent to about 14 m.p.h. at touchdown. City's Wandering Gun Is to Return A Blytheville teenager has been credited with saving the life of his cousin. Kenneth Ralph, 15, dove into a swimming hole on South Franklin Thursday, struck bottom and broke his neck. He is in serious condition at Baptist Hospital in Memphis, relatives reported today. Ralph, they said, was swimming with Andy Owen. "When Kenneth floated to the top, Andy thought he was playing a joke on him and told him to quit floating around out there like he .was hurt. "Then Andy saw he wasn't moving so he jumped in and pulled him out," a member of the family stated today: Ralph was paralyzed. Owen ran a half mile to a nearby house and managed to 'find someone to call an ambulance. He was joined by other youngsters who helped put Ralph into an ambulance. The youngster was taken to Chickasawba Hospital and was transferred to Memphis where surgery was performed. He had some feeling in one finger and there is some hope that his paralysis is diminihing. Ralph was living here with his grandmother, Mrs. Susie Me- Glothen. 22,120 Cubans Are Now in America MIAMI, Fla., (AP)-The larg est number of exiles to arrive in one day since start of the airlift from Cuba Dec. 1 landed here Friday -439. The air shuttle has brought a total of 22,120 Cubans to U.S. exile. Terrorize Johannesburg Vicious Bees Kill Africans JOHANNESBURG, South Africa (AP)—Notoriously vicious bees, apparently irritated more than usual by hot wea&er, have terrified South Africans with angry attacks in the last six months. Five people were stung to death. Hundreds of others suffered painful stings. Pet dogs and other animals died in the onslaught. People fleeing in panic before swarms of bees in several cases dived into swimming p ools or public fountains to escape the invaders. A Johannesburg family and guests who were having drinks in their garden spent two hours in their private pool, surfacing only for air. . Golfers Jack Nicklaus of the United States and Gary Player of South. Africa had to abandon part of one match when attacked and stung by bees on a Pretoria course during their $50,000 challenge series. A 43-year-old man was stung to death when he tried to rescue iris dog. Other fatalities included a man who tried to drive away a swarm which took over his home. * * * Alec Papageorge, of the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, suggested that the bad temper of local bees can be traced to an age-old struggle for survival. "A likely theory is that indigenous bees have been robbed for centuries by tribes of Africans seeking honey. Only file vicious strains, which put up the best defense, have survived," he said. "In Europe, on the other hand, bees have been cultivated and pampered since the days of the ancient Romans. Their environment has been sympathetic to the development of docile strains." A machine gun, title to which s held by Blytheville Police e- s held by Blytheville Police de- urned to the department follow- ng a hearing June 9 in Mem>his City Court. The gun was found Wednesday night on the rear seat of a Rolls Joyce owned by Loyd L. Ward, former Blytheville resident how living in Memphis. Ward has been the benefactor of the Blytheville Police Department over the years, Police Chief George .Ford reported today, and in Novmber of 1960 purchased three Thompson. 45 - jaliber machine guns and gave :o the department. ..',,They cost S125 each. . According to an agreement signed by then Police Chief Charley Short and then Mayor Toler Buchanan, Ward was commissioned a member of the Blytheville Police Department and given custody of the machine gun. The agreement signed by the city officials reads in part: "We are this day delivering one of these guns to Lloyd L. Ward, Jr., which will remain in his custody. Title will remain with city of Blytheville but as there was no politics attached to this gift, this agreement will bind future mayors as well as future chiefs of police or other officials. "Lloyd L. Ward, Jr., is being comissioned in the Blytheville Police Department so that he will have legal authority to have this weapon in his possession and he has agreed that in time of need, we may call and have him deliver to us the above mentioned gun as well as his services if they are needed and requested." When Memphis police found the gun in Ward's car Wednes- day, they charged him with carrying a dangerous weapon. They investigated the car in answering a complaint that it was illegally parked. Ward also las been charged with the park- tog violation. "Mr. Ward has aided police here on several occasions," Poke Chief George Ford reported. He went on to say that Ward 'probably, spent $750 or more" in purchasing and having trained See CITY on Page 5 Luxora Election Election officials have been appointed for Tuesday's industrial bond issue vote at Luxora by Coiintyl Election Commission Chairman W. J. Wunderlich. They are:? Ward I — Herbert Smith, Mrs. Sam Bowen, and Cecil Howell, judges; and clerks L. McCain and Leroy'; Brownlee. Polling place is the Russell Bowen Building. Ward H — Luke Wyatt, Mrs. Elizabeth SUlman, and T. C. Johnson, judges; and Mrs. J. D". Hughes andMrs. Bowen Thomas clerks.. Polling place is City Hall. Ward m — Gerald Chafin, Mrs. G. A. George, and Pat Hunter, judges; and clerks Mrs. Harry Stahdford and Mrs. Jessie Lowering. Polling place is the Housing Authority building. Absentee ballots - Fred George, Mrs. James McGarrity, and Hyman Kurtz, judges, and clerks Jimmie Lee Stevens and Mrs. G. A. Gregory. All absentee ballots must be received at City Hall prior to the election. Report Takes Hard Look at What Ails Missco I , „. , .,.„ „„,,„«,„„, onrf «,« 1 35.1 Tn 1960 it was down to worse unless we can come (Editor's note: The following report concerns publication of an Overall Economic Development Plan by Mississippi County, Terms of the 1963: Public Works «nd Economic Development Act make It mandatory tW counties wishing assistance In a wide variety of area, must present such a plan. Accordingly, Mlssco's OEDP was prepar- •d and has already borne fruit, a: several communities have Been nromlsed grants and loans for implementation of various projects. Another value of the OEDP report, however, lies In Us collection of coherent data, documenting the graphic problems that confront tht county.) By Jack Baker Staff Writer Earlier this month a document of historic important to the residents of this county was privately printed and quietly distributed to key county officials. Its title: "Overall Economic Development Program (Preliminary) for Mississippi County, Arkansas." . . Its authors: members of me newly created Mississippi County Development Council, headed by County Judge A. A. (Snug) Banks. It's not a Kinsey report, but Its findings have much to say - «ome of it surprising, even •hocking - about tot social and economic sex appeal of Mississippi County. Though the local public will shortly have access to this report (called OEDP for short), its chief readers will be those officials in Washington whose duty it is to administer the terms of last year's Public Works and Economic Development Act. These are men like John T. Connor, Secretary of Commerce, and his under-secretary, Eugene. P. Foly, who doubles as director of Economic Development. * * * The OEDP report begins idyll- Ically enough. It cites the geographic good fortune which has provided Mississippi County with a naturally rich alluvial soil, a moderate climate, and a good annual rainfall. These are facts which have proved sufficiently charming over the yean to keep much of the population in a state of •mug security - which, at tlw report points out, if largely bogus. The authors imply that the days of even this false security •re Bumbtrad, For one thing, King Cotton is no longer an absolute monarch, having long since been forced to share the throne with such upstarts as soybeans and wheat. This "phasing out" of cotton seems to many an irreversible trend, as a veritable Pandora's box of marketing problems continues to force cuts in cotton allotments year by year. Once a supplementary crop, soybeans now claim much more Missco acreage than cotton (an annual average agcreage of of 254,680 for soybeans to 179,145 for cotton), but soybeans, while profitable, just do not have the necessary ooomph to take over as a true number one crop ho-hum prices and restricted acreage yields being the major problems. The report maintains that one er more of four breakthroughs must be achieved - or all of them-to keep the county's agriculture in the style to which it has been accustomed. Either: a) there must be a breakthrough in cotton utilira- tion; b) means must be found to reduce greatly the cost of Mttw produoticm «* • break-J ••••'••••• through must be achieved in the per acre yield of soybeans; or, most ominously, d) a new high income per acre crop must be found to replace cotton "when and if it cannot be grown here at a profit." These alternatives were foreseen several years ago by the more farsighted, of course, but after a few desultory public discussions failed to produce a consensus on means of coping with the problems, it eventually became unfashionable to point out the dangers. With the publication of the OEDP report, however, the problem has been elevated to the status of a governmental concern. * . .* * Another problem of great corn cern to the authors — and presumably also to the government _ is that posed by the radical rearrangement of the county's population. Outmigration as such seems to have decreased slightly after the period of 1950-1960, when Mississippi County lost 12,201 people because, as the report lays, of "nechaniutioB el farming operations and the need for industrial workers throughout the United States." the county has, in fact, gained about 7,000 in population since the 1960 census. The biggest reason for the upswing is the county's belated success in attracting industry in significant quantity. These attempts have borne much fruit in the last ten years especially. In 1954, for example, there were only about 1,000 industrial jobs in the entire county. There are currently about 5,000. Establishment of these industrial jobs has apparently tended to halt potential migrants at their jumping-off places, i.e., in the larger cities in Mississippi County. And, with people beginning to move into the cities, the trend in a sense has been reversed. Thus, although the county's estimated population of something over 77,000 people approximates me lliO figure of 80,217, the population pattern has completely changed. In 1940, for example, such a basically agricultural township M Neal bad a population tf 4,353. In 1960 it was down to 2,883. Blytheville's township of Chickasawba meanwhile gained from 16,709 to 25,621. This rearrangement has created a number of problems documented in the OEDP report. The combination of rural depopulation and such advances as school buses have made the community school an outmoded conception. Hence the stress laid on consolidation as a remedy by the report. (A coincident phenome- nom has, by the way, beset the county's community churches, forcing in many cases church mergers and outright closing of many of them.) Population is the great pickle in the pie, and the county has now become susceptible to a law of diminishing returns on industrial jobs. L As population in the Industrializing urban areas has increased, so has industry — up to this point of diminishing returns. As one of the report's authors said privately, "The sad fact is that we've come to an industrial ItendatUl. And things *U1 " worse unless we can come up with some new attractions to industry.". ... Specific needs stated by the report include industrial parks, development of "river port facilities, expansion of airport facilities, and the training of a skilled labor force- (whose cadres will largely be former farm hands). These needs are made the more urgent, according to the report, by the fact that most of me county's municipalities have "taxed themselves to the state's consitutional limits." * * * While citing the county's soon- to-be Cotton Boll vocational school, now under construction, at Burdette, as a partial answer to the labor problem, we report See MISSCO on Page » •niiiiiiiwiiniiiinlmiMiiMiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii*' Wtathtt Forteatt dear to. partly cloudy and mild through Sunday. Chance of a few tnundershowen near western border Sunday. High today In Ms. Low tonight 54 to e.
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