BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT N1W8PAPER OF NORTHEABT ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLV—NO. 25 Blythevllle D»Uy BlythevUle Courier Blythevllle Herald Mi&lsslppI Valley Leader BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, APRIL 81, 1949 SIXTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTO Soybean Outlook Discussed at 6-CountyMeeting American Association Officials Outline Plan For Promotion Fund Pinna looking toward stabilization of tlie soybean Industry were presented to growers from six counties in northeastern Arkansas and southeastern Missouri by representatives of the American Soybean Association at a meeting In the cour' house here last night. A promotion fund was outlined and speakers discussed the outlook for production this year and the market situation in the United States and abroad. It was explained that oil prices are ! low but that with support prices promiseo by federal agricultural agencies, and the hope for larger export/; through Economic Coopera- ^fiort Administration, the overall TWcture should reflect improvement during the year. Educational Plan Submitted The highlights of the new educational program were outlined by Paul Hughes, field service director, and George M. Strayer, secretary of the American Soybean Association. Mr. Strayer and Hearts!". Banks, research director for the O. H. Acorn Farms at Wardell, Mo., reviewed the history of soybean production and related it to the probable production this year. The educational program, aimed primarily at promoting soybean production as an industry, woulc establish a promotion fund for the industry. The present goal is for the producers to give one-fifth o: a cent per bushel toward the fund The fund's share would be given on a. voluntary basis arid the bvycr would collect the funds for the A 8. A. The system would work on Congress to Get Truman's Health Plan Tomorrow WASHINGTON, April 21—(/Pi- President Truman will send to Confess tomorrow Ills plan for a national health program, Including compulsory government health in- ;urance. Press Secretary Charles G. Ross told reporters today the plan will be detailed In a 3.000 to 3,500 word message asking for passage ol necessary legislation. Senator Elbert Thomas (D-Uti\h), chairman of the Senate Labor Committee, already has promised quick hearings on the program. But at the same time, he said there is "slight chance" of the bill being passed at this session of Congress. Senators opposed to Mr. Truman's Ideas on compulsory health Insurance already have advanced two other plans. Both are based primarily on federal aid to states for ospital construction and for medal care to those unable to pay for themselves. the same line as the National Cot ton Council, which collects 10 cent, a bale on cotton. Mr Strayer came her* from con Jrtencf.f with agricultural expert 3Ja Washington, D. C. He reporter Hint fats and oils may be the firs weak spot In the law agricultlira •cononiy. Prices Now Very Low He raid that soybean oils tha sold for 40 cents a pound last yea were now selling at 10 cenls Ty-.imd und tb.Rt.-ln.rd for the firs tim« Sii hlJlofy Is 'selling for'le^o than halt the price of hogs, live j He emphasized that something must, be done to hold fats and oils in the coiTecl relationship with other agricultural prices. He pointed out that the relatively low price on soybeans would possibly cause an additional 20 per cent more corn to be planted in the corn belt. During conferenres with Under Secretary of Agriculture, Albert Loveland, and Economic Cooperation Administration officials. Mr. Strayer said it was apparent that soybean producers could expect to have, about the same amount of exports in 1949 as in 1948, In money value, although actually more beans -would be sent to the foreign countries. He said that the loophole which allowed these receiving EGA funds to purchase oil products from other countries had been corrected, and that the money spent through the EGA tor oils and fats would be spent tor United Slates fats and oils. i Wider Market Expected W' I" this connection he pointed oul that the Army planned to purchase about cne and one-half as many beau-s as during 1948. and that tho beans would be sent directly to Holland and Germany lor processing, since a part of the recovery program was a plan for their processing plants to be put back into operation. Soybean producers definitely face an adjustment period that is nn- certrin. Mr. Strayer said, and they are in need of three things—education as to where and how the products are being used, legislative activity to clean up tax laws. i. e., Sec SOYBEANS on Page 11 taw Water Rate Hits Large Users Domestic Consumers Would Pay Tiny Parr Of Proposed Increase Analysis of the proposed new water rates for BlythevUle. as submitted to the City Council Tuesday night by officials of the Blythe- -ille Water Company, shows that 2 per cent of the more than 3,000 customers of the utility now are laying oills on the basis of the minimum monthly rate. It also stated that 90 per cent of the remainder of the customers come within the bracket where the rate will be Increased, if the Arkansas Public Service Commission approves the proposed changes, only five cents per 1,000 gallons for consumption in excess each month of the first 2.000 gallons for which the minimum charge of $1.25 is made. The larger consumers, who represent less than 10 per cent of the total number served by the utility, will pay the bulk of the Increase, it was indicated. Expansion Program Underway Expected Spring Hike for Nation's Economy Is Late Government Reports Show Declines in Pay, Hours, Loans B) Norman Walker WASHINGTON. April 21 (/!>) — The spring season's expected boost for t^i e nntion's economy is ovcr- due. It became clear today from a new batch of government reports. They showed fresh declines in non-f:inn employment, in factory workers' earnings and working hours, in business loans and in estimated jsinii receipts. One government official. Commissioner Ewan Clngue of the Bureau of Labor Statistics, said ordinarily the.so figures should have showerl an uptrend this time of tho year He said maybe it's Just delayed action, due in part to a late Easter. However, another top official. Secretary of the Treasury Snydev, sounded an optimistic note to a New York audience Inst night. He said b.test employment figures actually are higher than a year ago and purchasing power Is still high. Lacks Depression Elements "Ri^ht now," said Snydcr, "in the pockets of the American people, we have $200,000,000,000 of liquid assets." Snytier jsald the present economic picture lacks the elements that "brought on depression and ression cnses in the post." On the other hand, a third government expert. Louis H.Dcan, said businessmen can cau.se a depression by curtailing investment for Industrial expansion. Ho said re- Reds Cross Yangtze at Two Points Communists Seek To Consolidate at Sites Near Capital Two More British Ships Suffer Casualties in Battle of Yangtze SHANGHAI, A)>rll 21. (/P)—The known de^d from Chinese Communist, attacks on tour British warships readied 42 tonight, British naval authorities said the cruiser London hud IS dcid and 20 wounded and the sloop Black Swan had live wounded. These two latest vessels to be hit* Communist artillery on the •ia River near Nanking tir- rlved back In Shanghai laic tonight. Behind them they led the crippled sloop Amethyst which they had sought to aid. Tlie Amethyst hail 17 known dead and 30 to 40 wounded aboard, survivors who reached here said lute today. Among the Amethyst wounded was her captain. In port here undergoing rcpnlrs from yesterday's battle Is the dc- slroycr Consort, which discharged 10 wounded and 10 dead. At least 42 British dead have been reported. Some 100 wounded have been counted In reports from the four ships. The London's captain ordered withdrawal of the cruiser and the Black Swim from the vicinity of Die damaged Amethyst. He suid "Al MRIIS of peaceful Intent have been disregarded and heavy fire 0|ienc( from batteries near Bates Point nni on the southern end of Beaver Is Innd (both In the vicinity of Hit Amethyst). This fire was eflectlvelj Higher rain are necessary, company officials said, in order to finance (he. expansion ^nrjjgram.which 3 'iiticpjbiti'y to'tfCrVc i^JAidentiitl and ndustrial users since'the area with- the city limits was more than doubled by annexations since the 947 rate was established. The company has 5275,000 expansion program under way, which is n addition to large sums spent j within the past year to provide a [ new 500,000-gallon standpipe in the western part of the city, and to provide new lines in order to provide better fire protection. Lines Installed last year were factor in the city's obtaining a reduction in fire insurance rates, an estimated $23,000 annually. Rates Compared The following table shows a comparison of the proposed new rates (Column 1) with the present rates (Column 21, which have been enforce since 1941, and the rate (Column 3) prior to the change which was made late in 1947: (1) (2) <3> 2,000 gal or lest $1.25 $1.25 $1.25 next 8.000 .35 .30 .25 next 40.000 .35 .20 .15 next 50.000 .30 .20 .15 next 150.000 .25 .20 .15 next 105.000 .20 .20* .15 over 685.000 .13 .12 .10 over 800,000" .IS .10 .085 (•) Under this bracket in the proposed rate. 45,000 gallons monthlj would be available under the present rate at 12 cents per 1,000 gal- ons, and at 10 cent.*! under the rate in force prior to the change in 947. (••i Under the rate which is proposed the lowest charge per 1.000 gallons would begin after 685.000 :allons had been used In a sliiRli month, where under the present anc earlier rates the lowest charge wa not applicable until after 800.001 gallons has been used in any on month. cent «-urvey& Indicate they plan to reduce it in the next five years to 40 per cent of the 1948 level. Bean, economic adviser to Secretary ol Agriculture Brannan, also spofce in New York. C.ague told a news conference the new IRR in worker earnings and woikint: hours means a cut in public pnrch s.sln % powe r. He gave thes e figures for March: Non-farm employment — down 150.000 from February to 43.848.000. This is 7AO.GOO below a year ago. when March showed a 300,000 Increase over February. Non - farm employment represents about three- fourtlu of the nation's workers. British Claim Right to Use Yangtze River LONDON, April 2I-WVA For eign Office spokesman told a ncu conference today British Wiirshij are entitled to be In the Yanet7 where Chinese shore batteries fire iplled to but under such conditions t is) clearly impossible to bring ic Amethyst down liver." The British consulate said It had ccclved messages from both ships >yliiK they had been damaged. Meanwhile an HAP flying boat •om Hong Kong took off fitm rmnghiU with doctors and medlca ipplles but failed In un attciup 1 o reach Ihc Amethyst. The Sunder- uul hoped to Innd nt Shuyaohc reek, which flows Into tho Yung «3 near the Amethyst. Several hours after the takeol he Sunderland messaged she ha bandoned efforts to land. Her pllo s Flight Lieutenant J. H. F. Lot Old. Aboiird was Oroup Captul C. N. JclTerson, station cotutmiiul r of the RAF Knitak airfield long Kong. Late today, funeral services for :hc 10 men who died on the Consort were held. Early lu tlie evening, 50 survivors the Amethyst arrived hero by See YANGTZE on Tage 11 'Earnlnfs Down Factory earnings working hour.-.—weekly earnings down about $1 to $53.37 from February and down $1.66 from December's $55.03 peak. Working hours reduced from 39.4 in February to 383 In March. A 13th consecutive weekly decline n business loans was reported by ic federal reserve board. It said hey fell off $84,000,000 in the week nded April 13. Av;d the Agriculture Department stimatccl that farmers' cash re- eipts may be 10 per cent le.ss this ear than the 1948 record total. Their net income may decline even tore, the department said. In over-all employment, the cen- us Bureau has reported a slight ncrea.se for March from February. Clague said this was due to a substantial rise" In farm employment which more than offset the ion-farm decline. on them. "Britain Is entitled to send wa ships into China's inland water provided It has the consent of tl Chinese government—which it bus," the spokesman said. "It has that right In the same way that the Chinese government has the right to send her warshl|xs ujj the River Thames with the permission of the British government." Asked whether Communist authorities—whose troops control the north bank of tlie Yangtze—had • b«n Informed that British ships were moving up the Yangtze, he replied: "The Communists are well aware that our ships were proceeding up the river—something that they have have been doing since last October." Af Brady, Mervin Gi/fij Added to Police Force Chief of Police John Foster this morning announced the addition of two new officers to the BlythevUle Pollrc Foice. The ncv. officers are Desk Ser- gennt Al Brady and Policeman Mervin Gillls. The two officers assumed their duties today. Sergeant Brady ts a former military police officer. He served 42 months in that capacity during World War II. He has made Bly- theviile his home for the past nine « • -(ears. Officer Gillis is a native of Bly- thevllle. He has not had previous police, experience. Chief Poster said. Chief Poster stated the,two ">o' new olficers are merely' additions to his force and were not hired to replace other officers. The Blythe- viile Police Force now consists of nine officers and Chief Foster. Missco Representative To Seek Speakership of House for 1951 Session LITTLE ROCK, April 21— <IPi— Tiiere already are two avowe candidates for speaker of the 195 Arkansas House of Representative^ Rep. Lou Chastain of Fort Smit declined a nomination as vie chairman of the Legislative Counc yesterday because he said he wa going to be a candidate for speake Later Rep. L. H. Autry of Bur clette, told newsmen "you might a well announce me, too." He added: "Of course, there's one little dc tail to be taken care of first—we've got to get elected again next year." New York Cotton NEW YORK, April 21, 1:30 p.m. quotations: Mar. May- July Oct. Dec, U950) Open High Low Last 2856 2«66 285fi 28«4 3290 3298 3294 3298 3216 3221 3214 3219 5886 2899 2865 2896 28«6 3S77 2466 2874 Congressman Killed in Jet Plane Crash ALBUQUERQUE. N. M., April 21 f/ri—A crashing Jet fighter plane carried Hep. Robert Lewis Coffey, Jr. (D-Pa) to death here late yesterday. The crackup of his p-80 Shoot- Ing Star was tentatively laid to a partial power failure. A thorough Investigation was ordered. Coffey, .1 30-year old wartime hero and first termer In Congress lad landed at Ktrtland Air Force Base to refuel. His ship rose only 25 feet, wavered and plunged Into an arroyo as he took off on the final leg or a flight to March Field Callt. The Johnstown, Pa., filer was on a eross-country training flight, un dertaken while the House' Is In recess. He held the rank of colone in the Air Force Reserve. A helpless witness to the crash was Lt. Col. William Ritchie, friend and companion of Coffey In European air combat during World War New U.S. Envoy To Russia to Get Careful Coaching Adm. Afan G. Kirk To Be Groomed for Tough Diplomatic Job Hy Kdwunl E. Hmnur WASIlINai'ON, April 21 (rt'l — Admit nl Alnn O, Kirk, IVrsldeiil Tiunum's choice nn now urnbns.su- ilnr to Uu<i.sln, li\c?& cnioful Stnlo IVpiivlmimt Kvooinlng bcforu Ivav- hiB lor Moscow. Orrtclnls siitil Uxluy he will bo recalled .shortly from HrLLs.suLs for detailed "coiiMiUnllon.s" Ijcforn luk- inx tip his frontline position In tho cold \vnr. Kirk Is n relative nevvcouu'r to dtplomucy, Ho look ht.s prt'senL |nxst na lUHbiUvtiulor to Belgium nnd LiixcjnlxnirK following i\ 35-yrar hUch In Iho Nnvy, climaxed by couunnnrf of Anurleiui nnvul lorcevi n Iho Invasion of Nortimmly. Ills notnltmtlcm to lhe Masrow xxsL nfi successor to Gen. \Vnltcr Bcdoll Smith wn,s ncnl lo the Semite •c.stmluy. Prompt approval Is cx- icctcd. Although Kirk him only Ihreo year'a cxnc'rlciu-c us » diplomat, ho LIUS Umi described n.s un Impassive, qulck-moviiiK, cupabln iimlm.voulov •which Is just what Socivlury of By B«ytuour Topping NANKING, April 21. (AP)—Communist fovccs attempt- nd loduy to con.solidute newly won posilioiiB south of the Yimijlxe us the river bailie drew four Urilisli warships into the fight. Chinese government spokesmen suid successful Communist crossings of tho Yangtze, which separated Nationalist lurrilory from Hod, hud hcen made nt Tikimg, 80 miles west of tliu capilnl nnd nl Wiihu, CO miles inland from liere There were unofficial reports here that the British consul In Pclplng has been instructed to protest to Communist authorities In China The Foreign Office sold it could not confirm the reports. Stale Achc.-ion and his wanted at this slago of relations with Russia. Han Touch Job While Kirk will luivo Ihe touch job ol dealing with Forelun Minister Ar.drel Y. Vlshlnsky and other Soviet officials, his orders will ccinio from Wn.Hlilngton. Vitnl decisions relating to Ru.ssln lire ex- liccicd to coma from tho White House and the State Department although the Moscow embussy wll be risked for advice. Diplomats who have seen service hi the Soviet capital say Kirk face: a lonely vl|!ll, unless relations between Hit Soviet bloc and the We.s take n decided turn for the betLci Ambassador 'Smith sometime went for weeks without any fjice to face dealings with the Sol-let Foreign ofllco or direct contacts with individual Russians. Senators Given Arms Plan Data Acheson Provides Look at Arms-to- Europe Program WASHINGTON, April 31—(/!•)— Secretary of Stale Acheson provided for Scniitorx today a look at thus-far secret American plans for o-nrmlng Iho North Atlantic na- lons. Clmliman Connally (D-Tox) ask- d (ho Sentito Foreign Hclnlloiui Committee lo meet nl 2::i(I p.m. to ccolvc the secretary's report. Acheson was reported to disclose he proposed draft of the arms-for- Curopo program along with an esll- ivmlo of linw much It would cost. Unofficial reports arc the cost would run about $1,260.000.000 In :lui first year. But this estimate linn not, been confirmed by the State Department. Tho Senate committee may decide shortly when lo makti public tho details of the arms plan. Strong prchsiiro has built up In tho Senate to do away with all secrecy arj + aovcrnmcnt troops were counter nttiickliig. A few planes and gun bonls were pressed into tho battle for the lotterhiK government. Top level Ministry of National Defense sources BoM Iho Communists were believed to have landed thrcu armies at tho Tiknng bridgehead. This would bo n total of nlxml 00,000 troops. Communist re- Inforcemctils were sahl to be pour- Inn uci-oss tho river under tho cover of ilrnkitess. i Nanking garrison headquarters said contact with iclnngpu, seven miles southwest of Nankins on tha north bank of the river, luul been tost. A spokesman said Iho Reds hurled attacks against Klangpu last n ' Kht Nationalist again this morning. reinforcements were Weather Arkansas forecast: Mostly cloudy his afternoon, tonight and Friday. Showers this afternoon and again Friday. Missouri forecast: Mostly cloudy .his afternoon and tonight with icattcred showers and thunderstorms most of state tonight. Mostly cloudy, with occasional showers east and south portion. A little cooler west portion tonight and throughout state Friday. Minimum this morning—46. Maximum yeslerday—64. Sunset today—8:31. Sunrise tomorrow—5:20. Precipitation 24 hours to 7 a in. today—trace. Total since Jan. 1—22.10. Mean temperature (midway between high and low)—55. Normal mean for April—61. This Date Last Year Minimum this morning—61. Maximum yesterday—86. Precipitation Jan. 1 to this date —20.02. $2,860 Raised To Finance War Memorial Additional contributions totaling $127 reported today by Curtis J. Little, president of the Mississippi County Memorial Association Inc., brought the association's campaign to r.itse $5,000 for the erection of a war memorial marker within $2,150 of its goal. Contributions to date show a total of S2.8QO.SO Including the SI21 in collections yesterday. The list ol contributors reported today included: Blythevllle Steam Laundry $25 L. o. Nash. Noble Gill Agency nnd W. J. Pollard Agency $10; Florman's Store. City Super Market, Tlie Nickel Stand, John Miles Mille Auto Parts. Russell Marr Whiskey Store, R. L. Gaines, P. G. Glpson $5 each; George Sallba Cafe S3; L E. Rlggin $2; and R. R. Brown W. p. Holcomb, P .E. Ooff. Fred Brcckridge, J. J. Morgan, am Claude Tharton $1 each. II. Ritchie, taking off behind Coffey in another P-80. was compelled to circle overhead for an hour. Tills was to use up fuel In the wing tanks, necessary before he could and. Col. Harold o. Otinn, Klitland ommnndanl, said Coffey's ship urned a scries of cartwheels before t snapped a powerllne pole. The nglne was catapulted 100 yartls >cyond the main portion of the ihattererl fuselage. Tlie plane did not explode or Mini. A crush crew found tho body of the filer wedged Inside. He was tilled instantly. Tennessee Firm Plans Fertilizer Storage Plants MEMPHIS. April 21 Wi—A new Tennessee corporation plnns build 6C distribution and storage plants costing from »12,000 up 111 five states. Ellis T Woolfolk. president of the Mid-South Chemical Co., Inc. said yesterday the firm will distribute anhydrous ammonia as nitrogen fertilizer In Tennessee, Mississippi, Arkansas, Missouri and Alabama. MaJ. Gen. Ralph H. Woolen (U. S. A. F.. Ret.) will serve as executive vice president with headquar- Grange Backs Changes in Electoral Vote WASHINGTON, April 21. (/T)— A plnn to clinngc Ihc system of electing preside tits wns tmckccl to- clny by the National OrmiRC ns R way to pick the "host inrui" for the Job. Lloyd C. Hnlvorfion, spraklnR for the fnrm Rroii]), snUl tlinl under the present, method "cniidltlntcs nrc quite frequently selected from certain large key states." Hnlvor.san testified before a Sen- nte jLuUclmy snbsommlUce whlcl Is holding hcnrliifffi on n proposer const 1 tut loniil amendment wlilcl would give ciuuUclnte.s for presltlen nnd vlcn president n .stnte'js elcc tornl vote In proportion to (he mini her of the popular voles they re celvc. The slntcs cacli havo a total o electoral voles ctnwl to Its num ber of Senators nnd Representative In Congress. Under Ihe present sys tern, the cnndtdnles for pre.s.d/,i nnd vice president polling Hie pcpnlnr vole.s In e»eh stale «cls of that slate's electoral vole.s. • liilckly us possible. W»n<» It Miulc Public Senator George (15-Oa), a committee member, told reporters ho would like to see the armn plnn made public IninityUiylcly, "It 8houln v l*'V';u1 i;e.i aV ouco," Oeorge said. Ho added .that the North Atlantic Treaty is not linked rectly with tho nrm.i program nit they are vitally Intergrated In ly legislation." Senator Tatt (R-OhlrO said yrs- •itlny Republicans Imvc been a«- ircd by Senator Vandenbcrg fR- llch) tho nrim program will bo mi(e public "almost at once." It appears certain nil secrecy will D lifted by the time the Foreign .elallonn Committee starts public. carlugs on tho Atlnntlo Treaty. 'lie hearings are expected to start nrly next month. being rushed toward Klangpu, "I.llH'rnllim" Ordered. Kcd lender Mao Tze-tiiiig and his army chief of stufl exhorted-' their troops to "llbernto all China" In a sjicclnl communique. llrltish naval units were unwilling participants In the Yangtze battle. Four vessels, the 10,000 ton cruiser 1/iiulon, tho destroyer Consort and the sloops Amethyst nnd Illack Swim suffered casualties. First struck was the Amethyst. Sho wns knocked out temporarily but at last reports was refloated and able to ilo 17 knots. However, sho was held to her position In the Yangtze because of Red guns below her. ' In « Joint communique tiroadcast by the communist rndlo, Mao nnd Red CoinmaiKler-ln-Ohler Ohu Teh ordered their armies to "advance and liberate.-»ll ,^ "' Missourian Fined Guy Crablrec of Carulhcrsvllle, Mo., was fined S25 and costs in Municipal Court this morning on H charge of driving while under the Influence of liquor. He was arresled List night by sheriff's deputies. tors In Memphis. Soybeans fF.O.B. Open High Low Close May .. 224'.i 227 4',i 227-220'i July .. 217 21814 217 21B',i-!l Frisco Freight Derailed STE. GENEVIEVE. Mo., April 2 Ifl'l— A 05-car soulhlxiimd Frlsc freight train derailed two inlli north of here at 11:50 last night ni nine cars left the truck. No 01 was injured.'Hie trucks wore clearetl by 8 a.m. for trafllc on the St. Louis-Memphis main Hue. British Workers Won't Fight USSR, .eftwinger Says PAIUS. April 21 M'|— Konnl 7,tl- Incils, loftwlnf! British legislator. old the Communist - sponsored 'World Peace Congress" today the workers of Ilrltnln will not or be i Into fighting against ,ho -Soviet Union." Paul llobrson. American Ncgr.i inger, lolel the delegates yesterday that N'pj'roe.s In the United would never the Soviet Union and li'.i statement brought a quick ri'lor' from n Negro leader In New York. The clapping of 2.000 delegates from move than 50 nations became so loud when Zllllncus mndc hi* declari'.'.lon today that his next words could not be heard. When the hall quieted, zllliacus was saying: "That L-. why the new China Is victorous. The workers will not let themselves be turned Into a bloo:l bank lor political!* Incapable of solving their problems In any other way." Zllllacus .a member of the British Laix>r Party, called ujxin the delegates to produce a reasonably dc- lallcd fet of proposals "for settling Issue. 1 ; between the East and West." Editors Urged to Fight Press Restrictions Newimen Told of 'Growing Tendency of Some Officials to Forget They Are Stewards of the People' Outlines Blflheville Project While in Little Rock yesterday, Mr. Autry conferred with representatives of the State Fiscal Board concerning plans of the Mississippi County Fair Association for constructing a women's building In Walker Park here in BlythevUle. He Is president of the fair association's board of directors. Mr. Autry also Is superintendent of schools In Burdette. He has served In various key positions In recent sessions of the Arkansas Legislature as one of the four representatives County. from Mississippi ling intrusion on freedom of information " Brushes with the military establishment, with local officials in various sutes, and with the Veterans Administration have occnrcd in the past vcar ' Walters said. In some cases restrictive measures were dropped, he reported. Hdplnfj Test Ruling The ASNE. Walters reported, is helping In Ihc case testing a rule of the Baltimore bench which restricts: Ihe reporting of news on a court case between the arrest and the trial of the accused ASNE's president, Erwln D. Canham, was Instructed William L. Marbury, a Baltimore attorney, to represent the society In filing a statement conturlng In the test of constitutionality brought about by four radio stations and the Baltimore News-Post. The Baltimore Sunrmpers also have Intervened. to break down "anything resemb- j Walters Indicated that the corn- By Sterling F. Green WASHINGTON, April 21 tiPi —' The American Society of Newspaper Editors today was urged to stand vigil against press restrictions arising from "a growing tendency of .some officials. ..to forget they are the stcv ards of the people." Basil U Waters, executive editor of the Knight Newspapers, told the ASNE convention, at its opening here, that this tendency Is worldwide In the United States, he added, it is found In .small towns as well "Our In Washington. duty as newspapermen to act always as the eyes of the American public and to keep the eternal spotlight ol publicity on all servant* of the people—including the military," Walters said. His report as chairman of ASNE's Committee on Freedom of Information was a running account of the group's efforts here and aboard mlttcc still Is dissatisfied with the nformatlon policy of the Veterans Administration. After an Inquiry by ASNE, he reported, VA administrator Carl R. Gray. Jr., said his Information staff Is Instructed "always to give full facts to the press." But the committee Indicated that It, feels access to Information spokesmen U not cnuogh. "Thi basic right of access to public officials of any rank .should not be denied on any matter of importance," the group said. The Wallers report recited these other situations into which ASNE has stepped, Informally or otherwise: A ,-iklimi.sh took place with former Sccietary of Dcfciwe Forestal over the accrediting of news dents; shorter accrcdltlon forms were won. Argentina refused wire rights to a group of American corespondents in October. The order was with- drawn. Censorship OppOhrd -An Australian parliamentary proposal carried the threat of censorship over Incoming and outgoing news. ASNE cabled its supiwrt to the Editors Conference of Austral- tan Newspapers opposing the plan. Brushes with military censorship In Japan make up an "especially heavy" file, Walters said, adding: "Thtrc were some stormy tiays but at present the situation is well in cen.sor.ship condl- hand A "very sud lion" exists In Guatemala. It reported, which must be left to next year's committee to prosecute. The lucent ruling of the Detroit police commissioner requiring that prcM cnrdf be Issued only to those who swore they were not Communists also have been attacked by the ASNK committee. Except for a single "abortive" instance, this rule has not been enforced, Walters said. No mention of the attacks oh tho British ships was made. "The British timbnssador had radioed the- Red capital nt Pelplng asking whnt artillery units be liistniclnri to ccnso firing on tho British ships. Tlie Hctl order of the dny Instructed Red troopers to seize- nil "war criminals," particularly retired president Chiang Kai-shek. The announcement by the Communist chteftulns left some room for ncBOtlnllon on the bnsls of Red surrender terms-rejected yesterday by the government. It stipulated that If any local region Is wllliiiK to make peace- on Red terms It will be accepted. Tho broadcast said also that If the government Is still in Nanking when lied forces .surround the- capital Nnllomillst lenders will be given nu- olhcr opportunity to sign n pence- Agreement with the Communists. Such nil agreement would .amount lo oiitrlttht surrender. Kcjcctlon Starts Baltic The Communist communique said that the order to fire was Issued becniisc the Nanking government had rejected the peace proposal formulated In Pelping. The announcement charged tha Nationalists refused to ncccpt the peace terms because the Nanking government still "obeys American Imperialists and Kuomlntang (government party) chieftain chlnng Kat-shck in their effort to prevent the liberation of the Chinese pco- plo and a settlement of domestic problem by peaceful means." Government officials were making preparations lo evacuate from all points along the threatened 650 mile Yangtze line. Acting President LI ordered the Ministry of Communications to prepare for the evacuation ol all officials from Nanking. All but six of the 40 odd U. S. Marina here to guard the American Embassy have been sent to Shanghai In n move to prevent In. chlrnls should the Communists overrun Nanking. Fighter Pilot Killed NUERNnEIia. Germany. April 21. Wi—Two American F-47 Thunderbolt fighter planes crashed today near Bambcrg. Tlie pilot of one plane was killed. It was Ihe first fatal accident during the U. S. Army maneuvers near the Czecho- slovakiBii border. New York Stocks (1:39 r.JI. Quotations! Am. T >t T Am. Tobacco Anaconda . Beth Steel .. Chrysler . .. John Deere Ocn. Electric Gen. Motors 144 1-8 65 5-8 30 1-8 20 5-8 50 1-4 32 1-4 36 58 3-8 Int. Harvester 24 3-8 Mont. Ward 531-4 Lockheed 10 National Distillers 18 J. C. I'cnncy 45 1-2 Acceptance of Army Secretary Royall's Resignation Reported WASHINGTON, April 21. President Truman wns reported today to have accepted the resignation of Kenneth Royall as secretary of the army. A top White House official said he anticipated an announcement of the long-reported resignation to be marte at Mr. Truman's late afternoon (3 p.m., CST) news conference. The' White House official, who declined the use of his name, said no successor to Royall has yet been picked. Louis A. Johnson, secretary of defense, is known to have considered dozens of men for Ihe post. Radio 12 1-8 Republic steel 22 1-8 Socony-Vacuum ! 7-8 Standard Oil N. J 67 1-8 Sears, Roebuck 37 8-8 Texas Co 531-2 Opera Singer Slain ATLANTA. April 21. (/P)—A man tentatively Identified as n member of the Metropolitan Opera Company was shot to death today In a selr ting like something out of opera itself. Police Homicide Lieut. M. M. Cop- peuger said papers on the bods Identified him as Hans J. K. Garels of U. S. Steel Southern Pacific 71 1-4 I New York City. He said other pa- 40 pers bore the name of John Oarrls.
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