PAGE EIGHT BtTTHBVILLl! (ARK.) COURIER NEWS THURSDAY, JULY 21, 1949 THJB BLYTEEVILLB COUR1EK NEWS THE COURIER NEW8 OO. B W HA1NE8. PuoUsbtr JAMES L. VERHOEP* editor PAUL D HUUAM AdverUtlnt 54am«er •ol* Natioul Adrertltlm aeprt«nt»Ute»: WtllM* Wltmei Co. New tort CbJe»«o. OKXtt pubUibed tutrj Afternoon Bxcrpt Sunday Entered u secooo clan outtei at tbt putt- oBic* »t Blj'Uievllle, nrkanui luidei id ol COB- grta, Octotoei • l»I7 MemKi'ol Tb« AtsocUted fre«i _ SUBSCRIPTION RATES: •7 earrlei a> the cltj at Blytbcvlilc oe an; •uburMn town wner* carrlei ««rvic« l> Jiiar* Umed 20c pei week or 85c pel month By mail, viittlr • radium ul au miles M.UCj p«j year. S'2.00 toi si> montns 11 00 lot three month*: br mill ouL'.dr SO mll< tone (10.00 per itmt payable In advance Meditations For »ll they did cist in of Iheir abundance; but the of her «anl did tut in all that she hail, even all her llvlnj.—Mark 12:44. 9 • • He gives not the best thai gives most; but he gives most who gives best. If then I cannot give bountifully, yet I will give freely; and what I vant in my hand, supply by my heart. He gives well that gives willingly.—Arthur Warwick. Barbs Even harder to hold than a straight flush ts your own. * » * A Hollywood designer says women past M attract most interest May we add capilii, loo? • * • Some fellows with loLs of girls on the string wind up on the leash. m • f Be thank/ul! N'o mailer how hot 11 gels we'll bet there'* no money burning a hole fn your pocket. * • • Who said women have no sense of humor? They marry, don't they? Re-Trial May Dispel I Some Confusion of Hiss Puzzle Next, fall Alger Hiss will have a new trial. It is unfortunate for his and the public's sake that the jury which weighed the evidence in hia first trial couid not reach a verdict. But it is understandable. Any fair-minded person might have had trouble threading his way through the maze of contradictions, discrepancies and unexplained matters in the case. Hiss was accused of perjury. A fed, era! grand jury said he lied last year when he denied ever giving any secret State Department papers to Whiltaker Chambers, former Communist courier; that he lied again when he. said he never saw Chambers after Jan. 1, 1937. Even though '(he jury which tried Hiss voted 8 to 4 for conviction, his innocence must be presumed until he is declared guilty by a unanimous vote of a new jury—^or finally cleared in the same manner. None of us, therefore, has any right to prejudge his case. But we can hope that in a second trial the prosecutors and defense lawyers will succeed in dispelling some of the confusion surrounding the basic issues involved. One cardinal fact stands out. Chambers had in his possession copies of secret government papers. They came from the State Department office where Hiss worked. As a stranger to the Department, Chambers himself could hardly have taken the documents, even if security were as lax in those days as defense attorneys argued. Someone else, then, had to take the papers out of the department, prepare copies, pass them to Chambers, and return the originals. Chambers named five men who supplied him with secret government data. But only two, Hiss and Henry Julian "Wadleigh, worked in the State Department. Wadletgh has confessed lo stealing papers to turn over to Chambers, but said he did not take the documents at issue in the Hiss case. Hiss, of course, denied flatly either taking out any papers or giving any to Chambers. Evidently four of the 11! jurors were impressed with the possibility that perhaps someone not thus far identified by Chambers took the secret papers from Hiss' desk or files and handed copies to the confessed spy courier. At this point, however, another complexity arises. The government con•• . tends most of the documents in Chambers' possession were typed on an old Woodstock typewriter once owned by Hiss. Chambers testified Mrs. Hiss did the actual typing. The Hisses denied ever typing any copies of secret papers. But a government document expert testified that coin- parision of the papers with letters admittedly written by Mrs. Hiss on the typewriter in question, showed that the ' documents were typed on the same machine. No two typewriters behave exactly »like, so the product of a particular machine may often be identified in the same way that an individual's handwriting is traced. And an individual's typing errors may follow a pattern. Eight of the jurors told newsmen they considered the government's typing evidence crucial anil conclusive in their votes for conviction. The others seemed to feel that even if it could be proved that one of the Hisses typed the papers, there was slill it chance someone else might have given them to Chambers. These are the main avenues of the case. When it comes to trial again, they must be explored more fully than they were the first time. Somewhere along these routes lies the real solution to the Hiss-Chambers puzzle. » . • Bright Idea Anti-austerity note from Britain: Reports say the British are considering putting down some new highways in gay colors. One obvious advantage we can foresee is that women drivers are likely to pay attention to a pastel green road than to the virtually colorless concrete and the black macadam of today. We cheer the idea. VIEWS OF OTHERS Marketing Needs Although Arkansas is one of the most agriculturally diversified states, marketing posts the greatest single agricultural problem, President Lewis Webster Jones of Hie university low a meeting ol farmers at the Fruit and Truck Branch Experiment Station near Hope. He assured hi* audience tliat all the "university facilities were • t the farmer's disposal in the contest struggle lor better -homes and farms." Marketing difficulties hold back further diversification in many parts of the slate, some areas have had an unfortunate experience in disposing of certain truck crops. AfUr having supplied the local market they have been left with a surplui, and th« cost of hauling the. products to another area did not justify the effort. Many truck ventures have failed before they got out of the experimental stage. Often In new areas producers are not sulfl- clently acquainted with grading before they start producing. Both the packer and the grower sut- fers. The farmer can't get top prices, and the packing shed can't obtain enough good quality products for shipment. Careful grading is an absolutely essential requirement if an area expects lo gain a steady market. A fine product, attractively packaged and labeled, provides ila own advertising. Arkansas produces as good fruit and vegetables as California and other states which are famous for iheir truck crops and orchards, but we have tailed 10 build up a national reputation for growing and selling the finest- grade. We have been Judged by the inferior lolsj.thji't went with tile best. We need to ship our very best, and to olfer it In the moil attractive way. —Arkansas Gazelle. Outlook: Not So Bad Until a short time ago President Truman was advocating inflation controls and more laxcs. urged on by such [cft-wingcrs as Leon Keyscrilng. member of his economic advisory council. His midyear economic report yesterday shows lie is paying more attention now to Edwin G. Nourse. mlddlc-ol-thc-roadcr. wiio is chairman ol trie advisory council. The President has backed away from his former stand for a $4 billion Income lax increase and even is aj-king that some representative taxes on business be removed or modified. His other proposals are just about as conservative, although he indicates he wiil go for a lot ot pump-priming If industrial activity drops off much. Deficit financing is here. Mr. rruman acknowledges—and that is a sorry admission ol luose spending in more than normally prosperous tunes and amid abnormally high tax collections. He holds out hope, however, thai we may get oack to a balanced budget and payments on the national debt when defense and International obligations ease. There is bound to be a dropping off in government revenue as national Income contracts. In fact, federal receipts drop faster than national Income. Tins happens because tax rates arc stm- cr tn the upper brackets and the bis incomes sul- fer most In any recession. So there will be another deficit at the end ot the fiscal year which started with the first ol July. That deficit can be kept within reasonable limits only If congress and the President put the brakes on government lavishness. About employment Mr. rruman 15 lairiy optimistic. Flis figures show a decline from 61.3 million jobs in June of 1948 to 59.6 million ui June this year. The decrease is less than 3 per cent and shows that business so far Is keeping payrolls up despite a drop oj 13 ocr cent in Industrial production. Implicit In all the President said about prices and employment is a warning lo labor not to press for wage increases which would upset the economy. He gave a pat on the back lo unions which have used Iheir collective bargaining strength with moderation and with consideration for the national interest. The mldjcar report suggests the President has dropped some of his former ideas for bara.sslng business and recognizes now Ihe interdependence of our whole economy. That U a notable advance. Thus in several respects tlie message contains considerable encouragement. — MINNEAPOLIS STAH. Softer Than the Brass Knuckles He Formerly Used Negro Baseball Star Stoows Great Faith in American Way Th. DOCTOR SAYS Bj- Edwin P. Jordan. M. r>. Written for NBA Service Tile ability to learn is expressed is the intelligence quotient, or IQ." ft is usually figured by rii- 'Idlng the mental age ns calculated "rom one or more of intelligence tests by the actual age of the child •ind multiplying the result by 100. Thus, if a 6-yeur-o!d child has a mental age of 3. the intelligence quotient would be called 50; if. on the other hand, a child of 9 has -* By DeWItt MacKenzi* AP Foreign Affairs Analyit A salute to Jackie Robinson, for' mer college athlete and now th« Brooklyn Dodgers' star second baseman, for his inspiring declaration of faith In our country befor« the Un-American Activities Committee of the House of Representatives. That declaration constitutes « moving human document—a notable chapter in the history of ou< troubled times. It w.-is a difflc^^' lask for this young Negro to taki the stand and voice an opinion re- qarding Paul Robeson's statement in Paris that American Negroea the "Intellicence" of a child of 12,1 *°"Mn't "?"' asaiiwl Rllss | a ** they love that country so the intelligence quotient would be 133. Some h^rm has probably been done by this idea of intelligence twiHnsr. as parents are often inclined to pay to much attention to the results, especially when tney are only a few points above or below the ftvorage. However, children Tho hrue been given ademnfe in- telli^pnce te.stine; with results be- ]r*v PO or thereabouts. must be t»n- .cuiprert to be so far back of th^ir feliow.s th"t they belong in the metifal'v r^tnrderi ermi^s. Train ing: Can't Help Parenis often feel a keen sense of rc.spor.sibilUv for the handicap of a rehrded child. Repeated drill or training cannot do awrvv with the mental .slov.'ne.^. It is not hv trainin? to raise IO from 70 to ICO. a youngster's PETER EDSONS Washington News Notebook AEC Investigation by Senators Heads Into 3rd Round Behind Closed Doors chairman Brien McMalion the Joint Congressional WASHINGTON —(NBA)— End of Iowa OOP Sen. Bourke B. Hlck- enlooiier's great Atomic Energy /ommission investigation Is not yet in sight. Conclusion of AEG Clmir- man David Lillenthal's side of the story marks only the end ol round two. Round three win oe fought more or less in the dark. That will Be when takes Atomic Energy Committee into executive session. It will probe, olf the record, some 25 or 30 AEG loyally Investigation cases which tlie committee previously refused to let Hickenlooper evose In open hearing. How long this phase ot the Investigation will take Is anybody's guess. Interest in this whole business has [alien tr* an extreme low. Even though the hearing room is air- conditioned and It's a good place to go to get out of the heat, it doesn't draw 50 people. Some observers who have been following the hearings closely. Ridge. Tcnn., when plenty of coal was available. Some 350 leaky-roofed houses were built at Los Alamos, N. Mex. Degree of "Mismanagement" Doubtful These and other mistakes exposed in the hearings thus far may show signs of 1 some mismanage- by the FBI. (The AEC answers by saying this was a risk It had to take to speed production. Only 29 of the cases revealed any irregularity and only, five indicated disloyalty.) 2. That shipments of Isotopes tu foreign countries Constitute a vlo- 'ation of the law. (The other Interment, Whether they ate evidence I pretation of the law U that the ban of what Senator Hickenlooper call- | applies only to fissionable materials _ . '" C 1 cciible misnl a na £emcnt a "' J ........ maladmlnistratlon 1 else again. nd is something One effect of these disclosures has been that the Congress is slap- isotopes. The two specific cas. raised at the hearings Involve shipment of one millicurnc — radioactivity equal to one one-thousaml- lh of a B™™ of radium— of iron ping a new rider on the 1349-501 59 to Norway, and shipments in' volving 300 niilliciirries of variou. isotones lo Finland.) 3. Tlie granting of AEC fellowship.? to young scientific students without security clearance. I'Onlj three breaches have been indicate! and only two identified—Dr. Isiido however, are inclined to believe | "company towns, hat Senator Hickenlooper won the first round of his challenge fight, on points. They were not the oris- nal points that Hickenlooper set out to make. But his blows opened ip these somewhat vulnerable spots: A new junior hlqh school nt Richlancl. Wa-h.. cost 53.056.000 instead of the originally estimated SI. 786,000. Sixty-five new construction projects being built by General Eler- tric at Hnnford. Wn: cost S7.000.- 000 more than original estimates. Contracts werr marie to b*iy nat- AEC appropriation bill. It will require Congressional approval on all future expenditures of over 5500,000 and all increases in such cxpcndf? tures over authorized amounts. AEC's justification of over-spending is that it is in a new business in" which new problems are constantly being encountered nnd that much overtime had to be ordered to speed up the job. Also that the sovcrnmcnt, as sole owner of its hns had to do things which no private landlord rautrt be forced to do by his tenants. But even Senator Hickeni-roer himself now says that these particular matters of mismanagement anrt waste are not what he is drlv- Inc at as his primary oblcctlve. He say* that the most important thing about the Htomic energy project is the safeguarding nf serrerv. Aims al Securlly Laxity He mnkes three principal charges of laxity in security regulations: I. That -icarly 4000 emnloyes were Tlie true idiot, at the bottom ol the intelligence scale, will always require institutional care and cannot be educated in school sut^jert.s The next lowest class, or imbecile croup, can do somewhat better and perform simple household tasks. ike dusting, but cannot be well ducated in school subjects. Above these two lower Krouns are he less seriously retarded children, who under favorable conditions can IB taupht how to support thcm- ,elves in pimple occupations but who do not go far in the school work, usually not beyond the elementary grades. Psychiatrists and school administrative officers can help parents to decide how much the retarded child might reasonably be expected .o learn, and Ihe best possible program can then be worked out, * * * Note' Dr. Jordan is unable to answer Individual questions from readers However, each day he will aaswer one of the mast frequently asked questions in his column. • • * QUESTION: I am a student and usually drink a cup or two of black coffee every evening to keep awake. Is this o'angcrous to my health? ANSWER: Caffeine, the active drug in coffee, stimulates the nervous system and the heart. It probably does not hurt any except those few who are particularly susceptible to caffeine. much. Robinson had been urged by many pf.'os>le, mostly Communists, not to comply with the committee's request that he appear before it. Why then did he do it In hla stra'ijht-forward way he told th« congressmen it wasn't easy to find the answer, but he guessed "it boils down to a sense of responsibility," Jackie said that If Robeson made Ihe statement attributed to him. it, sounded "very silly." The witr-~ declared that "mast Ncjrocs—and Italians and Irish and Jews and Swedes and Slavs and other Americans—would r.ct as all these groups did tn the last war. They'd do iheir best to help their country stay out of lhc war; II unsuccessful they'd do their best to help their country win the war—against Russia or any other enemy that threatened us." Fjilh Is Demonstrated But tills declaration of loyalty .viis by no means all to be got out of Jackie's testimony. Under it all appeared to be an undercurrent of faith that America's internal racial problems were on the way to solution. He didn't evade this dellcat* issue in his testimony. For jjA stance: * "I don't pretend to be an expert on communism or any other kind of a political Ism. . But you 75 Years Ago In Bhtheville — Miss Fannie Apperson, of Bir_ mtngham, Ala., who formerly lived S. Edelrnan of Brooklyn and "Hans ! )lcrc - is ll ?e gliesl of Dr ' and MrSl Fricstadt of North Carolina. AEG has announced that all 497 recipients- of fellowships are being rc- ouired to tnke loyalty oaths. Since then all but two o' the 497 have taken the oathsj None of these '-harges would seem to be beyond correction. Charges of the loss of fissionable material have been pretty well debunked, "barges of exceptionallv hlph labor t-—-lover among AHC personnel reveal no greater employment instability than in many other government agencies. Nevertheless. Senator Hickenlooper still hn!-u that he has proved his case. But he admits it hasn't *ated much furore. The record Dlishments ~f of positive the Atomic can put me down as an expert on being a Colored American, with 30 years of experience Rt it. And Just like any other colored person -with sense enough to look around and understand what he sees, I know that life In these United States can be mighty tough for people who are a little different from the majority —In their skin, color or the way that they worship their Qod, or the way they spell their names." That stated the issue plainly enough, but Robinson went on ,to relate how he had been used M the laboratory specimen" in introducing Negro players into or- ;anized baseball. Since then some six other colored players have been signed up—"a start has been made, and progress goes on." And then: Says Progress Being Made "We're going to make progress in other American fields besides baseball if we can get rid of some of the misunderstandings and confusion a t the puolic still suffers from. ... I can't speak for any 15,000,000 people any more than any other person can, but I know that I'va got too much invested for my wij» and child and myself in the f of this country, and I and othe Americans of many races and faitlu have too much invested in our country's welfare, for any of us to throw It away because of a siren song sung In bass." "But that doesn't mean." Robinson said, "that we're going to stop fiphting race discrimination in this country until we've got it licked. It means that we're going to fight it all the harder because our , stake in the future is so big. We careless declarer wins with the ace, ' can win our fight without the Corn- L,. S. Briscoe. Mr. and Mrs. Joel Chandler have as their guests Mr. Chandler's sisters, Misses Olive and Lydia Chandler of Little Rock. Mrs. Beale Massey who has been ill for several clays is now much imnroved. Ray Jackson of Columbus, O., Is visiting relatives here. East goes lip with the king. The Commission, the senator refuses to ,, | in-al gas as primary fuel tor Oak fore th not break, he finds he has only eight tricks. Do not win the spade lead until the third round. Then lead a small club and finesse the nine-spot. If the spades are divided four-four, you will lose only three spades and club If they are divided five- IN HO! I YWOOD Rv Erskine Johnson NEA Staff Corr«pondrnt hit the headlines Just read where experi- in* he told HonywZ^nce™;;; 1 " 1 ™ 1 '^^"^ 0 ^^^^ cat was driving the car. movie film out of soybean. Next happy step, of course, is the man- Bud Abbott and Lou Costcllo hope to pay olf an overdue S83.000 i mortgage on the Lou Costcllo, Jr. Youth Foundation with proceeds.,...,,, from the, ike Wlllinms-Enrlivie | .£' S , lhei Bolanos lightweight cl-mmnionship I' ' ""rents fight in Los Angeles July 21. I Judy Conk, (he "Wham" sir) of Ihr Howard lliiElicr Washington •on. Is threatening to sue former Olympic swimmer .dartre .ludv rhi.t.' pr'nr- unrtrr.rater strin tpase. Claricr, mran-v'iilc. 15 rlolnjr. hrr aqua Itase In nljttil clubs and ehr.- ^ers. billed M r'vcna. and recltinir: "Ladles, lake a lip from me hut don't you lanith and scoff. i-fiicturc of movie film from non- corn." ^ Lioyd Nolan, recently named ° f ' hc Year " oy of America. ,. re P r "»"nding his Daughter. Mclinda. finally she interrupted with: "Daddy, that's no way for the father of the year to act." A group of movie special effects men were talking about their create, t rchicvements In camera trirks lik- sinking battleships in miiMliirc. blowing up buildups and sending Doug Fairbanks. Sr . flying through the air on a magic carnet in "The Thief of Bagdad. ' VrlcMii nnh Brandt (old Ihe hcsl our- ;vlioul the lale Harry Carey .it McKENNEY ON BRIDGE Bj \Villiim £ MrKenncj America's Cart! Authurity Written fur NEA Servicr Holding Up Is Good No Trump Strategy Every day more and more players are adopting the point count for uo trump bidding, but I thin* that too many are abusing it. Smith's nand today hrus a count, of \8. counting the aces tour and the kings three With a count of 16 to 18 you should bid one no trump, but not on this type of hand. Why a good sour.ct hand when you do not have the club suit The proper bid ••ICs nol the war von put them °" r ; v '""", " lr l! on_ll-« HOW jo-i lake them !' 1r lro1 "'' "< •" lor.mv.llve speed- I S tliroufli a forest fire. The scene was photographed en- Bob Hope unexpectedly tor* ! llrrl >* otl « sound ^tage and the lo- over Ken Murray's spot for a 40- ! ^motive was ,,- t CV en moving minute turn as - tribute to Ken's ' ";"'?' Jl ' 5t sat ln lhc cab >' flnkln s ' --ibut. long-time hit. "Blackouts." The show closes here August 27, when Ken heads for Mew York and his 5300.000 l-levi-'nn contract. Pat Williams. ho Is '-••"• Just like f Marie Wilson, replaces Marie for the show's New York debut. CORN t'll.M M YBli? Warner Bros, are i Ferrer for one of Joan Crawford's two leading men in "The Victim." . . . PrgKy Ryan will star | ill an Allied .Srli.'-ts ftlmusical. "Bi- evrlc Bi'llt (or Two." . . . Pat OBrien's teen-age daughter Ma- nt the thro!tie nncl every so often Hrandt sent a burning "tree" whtz- /Ine past the window on a wire. The bla'lni; "trees" were telephone unlc* wrapped in gasoline soaked burlap Twenty-four birds help control j, lc| the chinch bug. reports the Nnt- j ional wildlife Federation, an in- I .-.eel pest that does great damage to wheat. Among these birds arc (he the Meadowbrk. the House Wren Flicker, anrt Read Courier New« Want Ad*. * J4 4 4 4Q10E5 2 ¥ JS « QJ92 + 87 4 1 4 4 Lesson 843 , A KQ96 W E S Dealer AK96 VQ 1094 • 107 + J 10S2 i A 73 t A K 7 2 » AK65 143 Hand— Bolh vul. South West North East 1 V Pass 2 4 Pass 3 N. T. Pass Pass Pass Opening — 4 5 21 is one Incut by SJllth. When North bids two club? showing a trick and a half. Souti is Justified in jumping to three n trump. The important Ic-^on, however, that I want to point out today ts the hold-up play. On the opening lead of the five of spacirs. declare plays the Jack from dummy and West will not be able to get in to cash his good spades until alter you have made nine tricks. Game Bird HORIZONTAL 3 Respccls :.f Depicted * Near tame bird, the 5 Carry (coll.) iiuclt silkworm !> Replace 7 Lease !! fjird of prey 8 Observed . ISOntario (ab.) 9 Symbol for 1 16 ;iue calcium , !8 Legal point 10 Acceded IP'frouble 11 Rubber Irecs c 10 Its flesh Is 12 Nuisance ° 17 Goddess of J 21 East (Fr.) the earth , 22 Babylonian 23 Qualified 1 eleily 2* Laughter 3 21 Pronoun sounti 25 Collection of 25 Surrender l c nts 2(3 Operatic solo 27 Arabian gull 28 God oi love 31 Of the Ihing 32 The gods 33 Son of Seth 35 Dines 38 Misplaced language 40 Mount (ab.) 41 Malayan tin coin 43 Immigrant 48 God of war 51 Eternity 52Poc!ry muse 53 Boat paddle 54 Mother-of- pearl 56 Retaliate 7; 58 Play the part of host a IS i» i 2$ 3J W M 0, 41 H2 3 If u 35 S m P f 57 ^ certainly can't be done by force. Read courici News Want A0« Answer to Previous Puizle f ? ; S A ^k » U |R pie f ~i c cS - A R 5 T s a 1 T D AT b A PC RE [T D E ~ O SEN D R R A 1 1 K T t E S AJSE BAf URL >s JM ?5~LL R O U T G o ME STAIR A ET = S o K e , r ^ Y t^ r v E / : ' bS C A r- 1 L « S , Mf o - AlP 'O * R •T-i > e jJJD til TX jU -E =-s 23 Bird's home 45 Pastry 33 Shade tree 46 Passage in th( 34 I< eas brain 36 Stupor 47 Sheltered 37 Thus inlet 41 Canvas shelter 49 Fury 42 Bellow SOGreck god of 43 Encounter war 41 Symbol for SSSungod erbium 57 Electrical uni ^ 41 I % H3 t £ \ 11 ? s>C M HS * & M ; t*> ^ fe 47 > ^ ^. •-' 17 m 33 3ft ID m 'U * i W, H ^8 a. It, SI 23 Tl JC help." Neither Jackie nor anyone else can say at this juncture how that great and complicated problem can be solved. What we do know is that it must be solved—and who dares say that this task is impossible for a nation which is a leading expon- 59 Locks of hair VERTICAL 1 Increase In size : Nevada city.
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