? .)! I-.. " . i DELIVERY; SERVICE Call your Tribune boy dealer by telephone, if you miis your paper. If you cannot reach Mm, telephone TE-6000 and - everything powible will be done to correct your service. HOM to none EDITION EXCLUSIVE ASSOCIATED MESS . . . WIREPHOTO . . . WI&E' WORl . . WHITE PRESS NO. 162 D - . OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA.5 THURSDAY. DEC... 9 1943 iy. . - - -" - - ........... ISr SUNDAY Gale and Fires Sweep I 1 TurksDefy I A vi r Trnnnr r JLL MAIJ Muup taSIDaV -fe On Frontier 'f , j ; r Naxi Invasion of i ' ,f Dardanelles Hinted iW "3 & " By Massing of Army - 1 ' - - ii .l: v.si ; .4 , i ! Gale Smashes . S ,, ? ; .. -V'-, hsning rleet -w.- ,iW - Tunnel Area Periled by Flames, Scores Of Small Blazes Exhaust Firemen; City's Garbage Disposal Plant Is Destroyed Fire riding on a 75-mile-an-hour wind swept through the Oakland hills above the Broadway.' Low Level ;Tuijn;ei early .today, taking everything in its path, and threatened residen-! tial sections in the northern part of the city, ' : : . j Half of the city's firerfiehting equipment was rushed into the area, only to have another major fire break out 'in East Oakland. Civilian defense police aroused hundredsof fami- Jies in the upper Broadway Terrace, upper Montclair and - Piedmont Pines districts, tell ing thern to gather their be longings and evacuate. Assistant Fire Chief Manning Basch announced that the fire was ; brought under control at 9 a.m City Manager Charles Schwanen- berg, who made a morning tour of the fire area, said that it would be Impossible' to estimate the damage, but pointed out that the blaze had been confined to the hills and little, if any, private property was destroyed. Fire Chief William Xutkey issued statement later in the day deploring the action of civilian defense P. G. fir E. Lines Hit All available repairmen of the Pacific Gas and Electric Company were called out early today to repair power facilities in the Bay area. The Oakland office of the P. G. & K., headquarters for the Contra Costa and. Southern Alameda County area, said the damage is widespread but they did not know just what lines were down or how long the repairs would take. ( policemen who warned hill residents to evacuate their homes. , The fire chief pointed out that liny fire evacuation order should come from his office and said that none was issued. ........ Lutkey declared that in the future 11 civilian agencies should govern themselves by the orders' of his office in case of fire. GARBAGE PLANT DESTROYED The second fire destroyed the .Oakland garbage disposal plant and drew badly-needed equipment from the hill area. No cause was given for either blaze. 'A total of 37 alarms were rung in betweei midnight aiiB a.m., and all off-duty firemen and police were ordered to stand by. Police and newspaper switchboards were swamped with tele-phoneRalls asmore than half of the city wasWawn from its beds by the two fires. The wind during " the J night was the strongest in . the memory of -OaklaBdtwrtdwitsAiiyire had head start oh the firemen. ' " Thousands of dollars worth of "late glass windows were blown into stores, business houses .and houses throughout the city. . TOO MANY WINDOWS Police at Eastern Station counted 350 reports of broken windows and then quit. . Central Station had so many calls the sergeant on the desk couldn't keep a count of them. Northern Station out of which officers were being routed to the hill fire, didn't attempt to count the wind damage. ' i Fire apparatus sent to the blazes had to fight through streets cluttered with fallen trees, broken power lines and scattered- roclfs. Firemen said that never before had they seen such debris-filled streets, The hill fire broke out shortly aftegdnightnear theintersettion Boulevard. It had spread within Continued Page 6. Col. 1 Smuts Leaves Cairo For South Africa ' CAIRO.. Dec. 9. Wi Field Mar. shal Jan Christiaan Smuts, Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa.' left by Diane for home to day. He conferred with Prime Minister Churchill and President Roosevelt in the course of their talks with Turkish President Ismet Inonu.i . 7 Damage at Monterey Estimated at $750,000; Many Boats Lost . MONTEREY, Dec. 8. () Dam- age estimated by boat owners at from $500,000 to $750,000 was caused here by a gale which threw 40 'to 50 fishing boats upon the shore during the night. Among the stranded craft were several large purse seiners. Some of the beached boats may not be salvageable. There was no report of loss of life. . -. . The gale whipped Monterey Bay throughout the night. Some win dows were smashed" and some trees downed. County Towns Hard Smitten by Storm NILES, Dec. 9. At least ' two buildings were collapsed by wind, roofs were blown from a school and a dock Was whipped away and one home was destroyed by fire, according to an early survey of damage from the wind storm which swept Washington Township early today. Full details could -not be ob tained, as power and telephone lines were down and Newark, Irvington, Niles, Warm Springs, Centerville and Mission San Jose were re ported' cut off from outside tele phonic communication. FACTORY COLLAPSES In Niles, the entire central sec tion of the IQ&ftile plant collapsed when the roof was torn off and crashed into the building. The de stroyed part was 75 by 150 feet and it' was estimated that 25 employees would be laid off until repairs are completed. The plant is engaged in manufacturing building tile under a Uovernment contract. The wind also blew away a 200- root loading dock. At Irvington, the warehouse and main office of the Occidental Sfb've Company collapsed -and was completely demolished. . The corrugated iron walls and roof of the building, which covered 16,000 square feet, were stripped into small pieces by tne wind and timbers were splin tered. Value of. the building and con tents was estimated at $20,000. Part ofc the damage will -b$covered by insurance, according to company officials. They reported that records were recovered, but that steel patterns for stove parts were blown ISO yards. Fire, caused by the wind, razed the two-story home of A. P. Silva on Roberts Avenue. FAMILY FLEES FLAMES WmM m lili S Sfj. Trees and underbrush were a red hot bed oi coeds as the Oakland hill fire swept across one ridge after another. This, fire scene was "shot" Just off Snake' Road after the blaze Jumped the highway and moved, downhill toward the homes. (More pictures on Page 39.) Tribune photo. WEATHER TALK By Earle Ennis "Gosh, the Boss musta been mad last nieht." remarked Casey the Weather Bureau Cat. V "How do you make' that out?" asked Gimmick the Mouse. "From all th big wind that has been blowing around my ears since he left the office" last night," re plied Casey. "Dumbbell, that . isn't the . Boss blowing off steam, chuckled uim mick, "that's the hurricane he was reluctant to predict last week if you remember." -...-.There-was so .much - noise - and wind I just couldn't tell the differ ence, grumbled Casey, posting a sign "strong winds." , - WINDY, jJ7.- Mr. and Mrs. -Silva and the lat-ter's brother were awakened by the crackling of the flames and fled the residence just before- fire blocked the last exit; Poultry and livestock were destroyed. . ; In. Centerville, the roof of the small' gymnasium and the roof of the art department at the Washington Union High School were blown away and other schools, including the grammar schools at Newark, Irvington and Niles, were closed be cause of the lack of electric power to heat the schools.- In Niles, tiles were blown from roofs and the main street was lit tered with trees and broken glass, A broken water main was reported in irvington. , v .. WIND HALTS TRAFFIC LIVERMORE, Dec. 9. Traffic be tween Livermore and Santa Rita was halted early today by a wind of near-hurricane proportions. The Naval Air Station here re ported a maximum velocity of -65 knots approximately 73 miles an hour. . . .. The, wind tore off the roof of the grandstand at the Livermore rodeo grounds. - , The -Livermore-Santa ' Rita high way is littered With telephone poles and trees snapped by the storm, Near the Inman School a bigfgum tree toppled onto the highway be tween --two" trucks and sent them into a headon collision. .Both vehicles were tangled in the tree. HAYWARD SCHOOLS CLOSE , HAYWARD, Dec. .9. Hayward elementary schools were closed to day as a result of last night's severe wind storm. Several plate glass-windows in store buildings were smashed and many . telephone and power- line poles were blown down. JAvVflB Homes Burned ? - Residential Area Save By Wind Direction; Boy Slightly Injured VALLEJO, Dec. 9. A curtain whipped across the top -of an oil stove by the wind, set fire to one of the homes in the Carquinez Heights war- housing area above Morrow Cove early today; and be fore the blaze was extinguished six. houses were destroyed. Only the direction of the wind kept the fire from the other 1690 homes in the tract, according to fire department officials; Hampered by the strong wind, which tossed burning 'debris from one house to another, firefighters were unable to save anything from the houses and loss fqr the build ings alone was estimated at $15,000. FAMILIES LOSE ALL . Clothing, furniture and other be longings of the six families who lived in the houses were destroyed by the flames, which spread with such rapidity ;that occupants barely escaped with their lives. No seri ous injuries were reported, how ever. .. ; . The fire was confined to the southwest section of the trac,t, lo- caJTJ near the Carquinez Bridge, nd because of the wind direction, flames were blown away from the other : homes - toward the water. Houses burned were on two rows along Jefferson Street, but it was not learned immediately in which one the blaze started. , . , INVALID CARRIED OUT One of the occupants, Mrs. Sedg wick A. Matthews, of 44 Jefferson Stxeet-an invalid; was safely carried from, her house and was oefing cared for by neighbors, A hoy. Clyde , McKinley, 11, re ported the . only injury. He received a sprained, wrist and -slight burns. ;x, 1 t The homes were occupied by Mr. and Mrs, Stinson Ellis, their son James, 10, and daughter Jodie, 5, 40 Jefferson Street; Mr. and Mrs. William Means, son Mel.vin, 12, 42 Jefferson Street;, Mr. and Mrs. Matthews; Mr. and Mrs. OUie M. McKinley,' daughter Norma Lee, "12, and Clyde, 46 Jefferson Street;, Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert W. Pharris, son Gilbert Jr., 16, and daughter Betty, 15, 48 Jefferson Street, and Mr. and Mrs. Ellis C. Harder, son, Ernest C. Harder, son, Ernest 16, 50 'Jefferson Street. Several other fires were reported in Vallejo during the night; but none caused serious damage BRITISH TAKE MT. CROCE RIDGE, ADVANCE ON RIVER General Clark's Troops Push Down Western Slopes of Mountains on Pathway o Rome By EDWARD KENNEDY . ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, ALGIERS, Dec, 9. (Jf) British troops have stormed arrd taken the ridge of,Mt. Croce, two and a half miles southwest of the summit of Mt.' Camino". ai?d are pressing on toward the Garigliano River, a mile be yond, Allied headquarters announced today, Lt. Gen. Mark W.. Clark's Fifth Army troops, pushing dowttrtherwestern'- slopes. ' of Mt. Maggiore and Mt. .Camino, where they have breached the mountain walls to the valley leading to Rome, wiped out all by passed enemy pockets except on the northwestern tip of the Mag giore incline and the small village of Rocca Devandro nestled against Camino, it was stated. (C. R, Cunningham,' United Press correspondent, reported that the Fifth Army has cleared the Ger mans from the Camino-Maggiorei mountain peaks except for two iso lated heights, in preparation for a mass descent into the 20-mile Liri Valley along the road to Rome.) CAPTURE HEIGHTS Farther to the northeast, Ameri-! can troops attacked and captured high ground west of Venafro, de-i spite fierce resistance supported by heavy.. Carman artillery . fire, and Boy, ,13, Bitten by , Deadly Coral Snake RED BANK, N.J.,.Dec.-9. OT Fred Wege, 13. son of an Army captain, was bitten today by one of two venomous coral snakes which school authorities said he had re ceived from Texas and had brought to the high school to show., his biology class. The nearest suitable solution lo cated by the1- hospital was cobra serum at the Philadelphia Zoo, roughly 75 miles away, and State police arranged an escort to speed a supply of it here. ' still farther north wiped out lines of Nazi pillboxes West of Fjlignano, in the westward push across the mountain backbone flanking Cas- sino. . . . Gen. Sir Bernard Li Montgomery's Eighth Army fought through down pours to improve its positions in the Orsogna area, 10 miles inland from the Adriatic, where boU sides used tanks in clashes throughout the day yesterday. Prisoners were captured from a new uerman Al pine unit operating in the moun tain areas. (An Algiers radio broadcast said Montgomery's men had forced a new crossing of the Moro River in this area and had advanced to within eiaht miles of Pescara. Adri atie terminal of the trans-Peninsula highway to Rome. A Morocco radio broadcast said the Eighth Army had reached the suburbs of Ortona, about eight miles. below Pescara. WEATHER IMPROVES Improved weather and subsiding floods, however, favored tne light ing of the Fifth Army front where it was -disclosed the village oi L.aia britto on the southern slopes of Mt. Camino-had changed hands sev: eral times in recent days before f in ally falling into firm Allied posr session. , ' ' ; In the Venafro area the' Germans launched : several , sharp counterattacks, but the Americans prevented them from having conclusive results. ' American heavy bbmbers attacked enemy airfields at Elevsis and ra-toi, west and north of Athens, respectively. ' A smaller Allied bombing force also ranged far northward to attack harbor installations and shipping at san titeiano, u mnes norinv. est oi Rome. i F.- R. London Visit Looms LONDON, Dec. 9. (P) The Lp.i- don Daily Herald said today there was "strong feeling" in London that President Roosevelt "might come here before American troops leave these shores" t(S participate in the final planning of the invasion of Europe from the west The newspaper said further that American circles here expect Gen. George C. Marshall, the American chief of staff, to set up headquarters as commander in chief of the Allied .invasion "in the next few weeks.' The German-controlled radio at Bratislava, Slovakia, also speculating on the American President's confer with Portuguese statesmen before returning to Washington. It did not say where the meeting was expected to take place. Russ Bag 16 Nazi ips, 56 Planes Chinese Again Take Changfeh Counter-Attack Drives Japs Frojri Rice Center; Other Victories Scored CHUNGKING, Dec. 9. m The Chin?se high command announced today that Chinese forces had re captured the strategically important city of CKSngteh in Hunan Province, which fell to the Japanese December 3 after many days of bloody fighting. The victorious Chinese stroke pro vided another decisive turn in the fortunes of war in the bitter, battles in which China's vast and ifiiportant rice bowl area is a major prize. Loss of Changteh last week had opened the prospect of an enemy ' han 900 tons reported for that area rirfvf nn f .hanc.Qha ramtnl nf thi province. Japs Blasted In New Britain Sustained Bombing Levels Defenses of Area Open to invasion SOUTHWEST. PACIFIC ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Dec. . 9. (JP) One of the most sustained air bombardments of the Southwest Pacific war is levelling Japanese shore defenses on New Britain Island, in the very area where it is open to invasion by Gen. Douglas MacArthur's troops on New Guinea. Today, headquarters announced that 195 tons were dumped' there" py iterators and Mitchells inthe latest raid. That made it more The recapture of Changteh was particularly satisfying, to the Chi nese in that, by official calculation, only a few more than 300 men, 6f the 57th Division survived when the city was abandoned to the Jap anese after a 15-day siege. By holding Changteh, the Japa nese controlled the "rice bowl" region and stood astride the Hunan-Szechwan supply line, one of the Chinese Army's principal sources of supply. American aircraft, which played strong part, in the defense of the ity, were said to havcThad a hand in its recapture. During the long siege while the 57th Chinese Di vision was fighting to the last ditch, tlie Yankee flieis un seveul ui- MOSCOW, Dec. 9. U.R) Russian naval planes" attacked three heavily escorted German convoys trying to reach Finnish Arctic ports, sank nine ships, damaged three and shot down 28 fighters, it was announced today. ' , In other attacks the Russians sank seven mpre ships and shot down 28 fighter planes. , I , Stormoyik assault planes, tighter-bombers, dive bombert and torpedo carriers of the northern fleet's air arm. pounced on the convoys botmd for Petsamo and Varanger Bay to' Thewes. the reports said, without giving the date of the engagement. , In the first attack Stormoviks and torpedo carriers struck three trans ports escorted by two torpedo boats, four, trawlers and six Coast Guard vessels. Two transports weresunk and the third damaged. Later the Stormoviks attacked two big tankers and three transports escorted by 22 vessels and 24 fighter planes. Both tankers and two escort vessels were sunk and 13 fighters shot down. : , . Stormoviks, dive bombers and torpedo carriers teamed in the third attack on four transports strongly escorted by warships and fighter planes., Two transports ai)d one Coast Guard vessel were sent to the bottom, two transports damaged and 15 fighters shot down. ..: More on Page 2 casions dropped food and ammunition and dispersed enemy planes trying to blast the Chinese from the smoking and bomb-pocked town. Lieut. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwells headquarters announced today that Mitchell bombers with a fighter escort on Tuesday bombed Japanese- held installations in Changteh in support of the Chinese ground troops moving against the city. In other activities, American fighter planes operating on the Sal ween front attacked railway equipment between Mogaung and Myit-kyina in northe'rn Burma without Biddle Is Wary oi Tule Lake Problem WASHINGTON, Dec. 9. Atty. Gen. Francis Biddle today 'warned a Dies sub-committee that permanent transfer of the Japanese Center at Tule Lake, Calif., to, the Army would result in retaliation by Japan He expressed belief American citizens interned in the Far East would be placed under the Japa nese, Army rather than the military police, which now supervises them. Simultaneously, Biddle suggested that one way to end present diffi culties - with - American - citizens of Japanese ancestry who have declared loyalty to Japan would be to deprive them of their Untfed States citizenship, which he believed would be constitutionally accom. plished. ' There is no reason why a Japa nese who has declared his loyalty to Japan could not be deprived of citizenship," Biddle said. More on, Page 4 n communiques this month. Since ihe last week of November, more than ' 130 tons of explosives have ripped at gun positions and supply dumps even as Australians enlarged the potential jumping-off place on New Guinea in hard fighting on the Huon Peninsula. -. - START AT GASMATA The bombardments wpre opened against Gasmata, an air base and plantation area on the south-central coast which was hit with more thanj 4UU tons in six raids at a cost of only one raider. It also was shelled by destroyers of.yiee Adm.' Thomas . is.m?:aia. Then the bombers switched to the Cape Gloucester area on New Britain s western tip. That air base is separaTed by only 80 miles of water from the Huon; Peninsula. In an these raids, the only opposition' mentioned has been antiaircraft fire. But headquarters said today even the enemy ground euns had been silenced at Cape Glou cester. 4USSIES EXTEND HOLD The bombed sector is on the op posite end of the 300-mile long sland from Rabaul, once Japan's Mggest air and shipping fortress hort of Truk in the area, but, beginning last October '12, when it was hit by 350 tons of bombs, Ra-Jaul's role has dwindled sharply. In the Huon Peninsula campaign, the latest reports told of Aussies extending their h ol d "along the coast nortn of Fmschhafen While in the inland jungles other ground torces appeared on the verge of capturing the trail juncture village of Wareo. STOCKHOLM, Dec. 9. Tur key and Germany have stationed troops along the opposite sides of the Turkish border facing Bulgaria and Greece, a state of emergency has been declared along the 'entire boundary and all traffic has been halted, reports from Bern, Switzerland, and the, Bulgarian capital said today.- ' Dispatches said the border meas ures had been ordered as, nervous ness over a possible Allied invasion mounted throughout the Balkans. ' The newspaper Svenska Dagbla- det's Bern correspondent said that the possibility was not being over looked of a German invasion of European Turkey in order to reach the vital Dardanelles, especially in view of reports that the Allies have promised increased assistance to Russia by way of the Dardanelles. He quoted reports from Ankara and a Sofia dispatch from the Southeastern Europe information, bureau that the' state of emergency' had been declared alone the border. Showdown in Balkans Is Believed Near By ROBERT DOWSON LONDON, Dee. 9. (U.PJ The Tjirkislt-Bulgarian border has been closed, and Turkey has drdered a military' state of alarm in the fron tier zone, Swedish reports said today as the United Nations, Turkey and Germany maneuvered for Balkans showdown. Stockholm dispatches indicated that the Balkans situation is coming rapidly "to a head in the waka of the : Cairo and Teheran confer-. ences, but Ankara and Cairo believn the inevitable Balkans explosion is months, rather than weeks or days, away. Only a German "preventive at tack" on Turkey in an attempt to throw Allied plans off balance could provoke an immediate crisis." most sources here believe, though all agree that the Balkans probably will be embroiled again in a full- scale war before Winter snows melt. MANY RUMORS Among the flood of unconfirmed reports reaching Stockholm by diverse routes were these: Marshal Er win Rommel, German commander in northern Italy and the Balkans, has arrived at the Fuehrer's headquarters for a confer ence with Adolf Hitler. New German reinforcements havt . been rushed to the Bulgarian-Turk ish borders, Lemnos on the approaches to the Dardanelles, and the Bulgarian, and. Greek coasts of the - Mediterranean, Aegean and Black Seas. " " " .""' -"" ""' Premier Dobri Bojilov of Bul garia held two special cabinet meet ings, conferred with the regency council and met several high Army officers. He was also reported re ceiving the Turkish minister. More than 100 Bulgarians marched through the streets of Sofia carry ing placards exclaiming, Bulgaria must withdraw from the war!" BULGARS MUTINY Several detachments of Bulgarian troops mutinied and joined Greek and Yugoslav partisans. The German Gestapo and Bul garian police arrested hundreds of Bulgarians as oppositionists, but found thousands of others had left their homes before' they - arrived. Germany was reported awaiting the outcome of a conference between her ambassador to Ankara, Bai'Mffiaiif vun Papen, and Presi- Sinatra Refected For Army Service Newark," --n. j., Dec. s-m Women and girls can continue to swoon happily, for the United States Army today declared Frankie (the voice) Sinatra 4-F physically, unfit for military serviee. Expressing disappointment, the crooner himself announced the but-come of his Selective Service pre-induction examination today at the Newark induction station. " "I've got a hole in my left ear drum," said Sinatra. He asserted he had thought himself in good physical condition until he went through the tests. The crooner commented that he had hoped to enter the Marine Corps. dent Ismet Inonu before deciding definitely her future policy toward Turkey. Papen was expected "to press Turkey for a guarantee she will not open, the Dardanelles to the Allies. - Swedish newspapers published reports attributed to Sofia that traffic had been halted between Bulgaria and Turkey .and that the Germans had ordered two divisions, totaling nearly 30,000 men, to the frontier zone. f TURKS MASS TROOPS Turkish troop concentrations have, been observed in Turkish Thrace just across ths border from Bulgaria, Swedish reports said. With Turkey's future role appar ently settled and soon to be placed in preparation, Britain, Russia and, the United States .were believed working out the, details of the fate assigned the satellite and occupied Balkan countries at the Cairo and Teheran conferences. The conferees' decisions were believed already being communicated Continued Pa?e 5, Col. 4 WHERE TO FIND IT Classified Advertising ........ 33 Comics ....... 32 Crossword Puxzle ....;...,.. 30 Editorials and Columns .... ... 44 Fin.-"--lal . . . . .. . , . .V...w .',., 43 Gardens I.............',.. 30 Geraldine 30 Ma-gazine Features ........... 3!) Mackenzie 44 Needleart ...... .7-. . 30 Radio Schedules .......... 32 Rationing Timetables ........ . 39 Society and Clubs 31 Sports 40 Theaters, Wood Soanes 42 Uncle Wiggily 30 Vital Statistics ................ 28 .!..
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