The Pittsburgh Press from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on October 6, 1943 · Page 6
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The Pittsburgh Press from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania · Page 6

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Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
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Wednesday, October 6, 1943
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PAGE 6 THE PITTSBURGH PRESS, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1943 The Gallup Poll FEW ANTICIPATE WAR IN EUROPE TO END IN 1943 Majority Gives Germans One More Year, Japs Two More Years Bt GEORGE GALLUP Director, American Institute of Tublic Opinion The favorable military events of ths last six weeks, which include the surrender of Italy and the steady German retreat S5. m Rus.-ia. have f:f brought, only a f t .- slicht increase in 1: v, I public opumiMii (4 i 1 over the length' of the war. The average; voter still thinks, it will take an-! other full year; to onus Ger-j m a n v to her ! f ' Sif knees, and an-lf .... .v .... k other two years "is. 4 to defeat Japan. Mr. Gallup Since the middle of Aueun a larger number ot persons ha.; come to the conclusion that the -war will be over in Europe bv Christmas, but the increase is only from 8 per cent to 12 per cent. Abo two-thirds of the adult population ,looks for an end to the European phase of the fighting curing the second half of 1944. Just a Guess No one ran do any more than rues?, of course, but euessmg the length of the war is becoming one of America's favorite indoor pastimes. Th" Bri'ish are a!?o indulging m jt so much so that Prime Minister Churchill felt constrained to comment on the Mib.ject m a recent speech. The guesses, while they have little significance as predictions, assume real importance in relation to various phases of the war. The problem of absenteeism in war plants., for example, is ascribed by some Washington experts to over-optimism concerning the war. A person's belief as to the length ot the war may also have an effect on his purchase of War Bonds, his attitude toward taxes and many other matters. Latest Survey The public's estimates have been recorded at periodic intervals in surveys by the Institute. The re- if -rw w ' ? h em, cv'r: f 1 I l I'M 4 If i U lf if!' .' J-h -'A ' f . rr1--': $ 'ti-'v,, , 14 f . " . ; . f Till " i ' i ' - w li ii f - - -- -i ife'lii mil' -" FIRST LADY IN GRASS SKIRT, worn over her regular costume, is this photo which appeared in Australian newspapers, from which this reproduction was made. The Australian newspapers said the picture, which has not been released in the United States, was made during Mrs. Roosevelt's recent visit to the South Sea Islands and shows her surrounded by grinning natives. suits of the most recent study, and ; larger today than it was last a comparison with a similar study ! August, while there has been a m early August, are shown below.! sharp decrease in the total expect ing the Pacific war to continue past 1945. "Hr vnich longer 1o you t!mk. the irnr n ith Germany will lust? Yth Jnnn? Length of War With Germany Aug. Poll Today In 1943 Sc Yl'c First half 1944 31 28 Last half 34 38 In 1945 18 11 Later than 1945 5 4 Unwilling to gTiess 4 7 BRITISH WOMEN WORKERS SEEK EQUALITY IN PAY Unions To Demand End Of Discrimination In Industry By NAT A. BARROWS Copynsh' 194??. The Pttihurh Press and ine nirayo uany .News. LONDON, Oct. 6 From the foundries, munition plants, aircraft factories and textile shops of Brit- am. 300 women, representing the 300,000 women members of the Transport and General Workers Union, will raisr? their voices here tomorrow, insisting that women in industry shall be paid on the same basis as men. Meeting for a two-day conference, these representatives of Britain's largest trade union, will seek to establish the principle by which women in post-war industry can find equality with men. They will seek to pass a resolution for the establishment of single rates of pay for all forms of work "finally to end th conception of women as cheap labor." They will also ask for: 1 Imo discrimination against wom en, whether married or single. 2 Establishment before the end of the war of standards of social security. 3 Continuation of government con trol, of production and con sumption to meet the needs of people in the principle of production for use rather than for profit. District Firms Utilizing New Federal Loan Program Plan Gives Protection Against Cancellation Of War Contracts, Aids Post-War Planning By DALE McFEATTERS Press Business Editor . Pittsburgh industries today began taking advantage of a new Federal loan program that protects them against wholesale cancellation of war contracts and virtually assures them of funds for post-war reconversion. By making working capital immediately available when war orders end. the new "Victory Termination' School 'Holiday Ends Under Protest The 88 Dravosburg children on "holiday" from school since Monday because of allegedly unsafe bus facilities returned to their classes today "under protest" after a mass meeting of parents In Riverview Flan fire hall last night. The 80 parents at the meeting voted to send the children back to school "under protest" and to ap point a committee to meet with school board members and county school authorities. The School Board had warned the parents no action could be taken on their complaint until the children were sent back to school. GULF STREAM HOTEL Lak Worth, Florida Can till aiTpt reservation for rriTal in December and Januarr, Writ for information and lueratur. G3AM9 PJAEJO XwVLL PAY SPOT CASH MAKE. PKICC, SIZE Wrlta Box T 694, Press Soldiers' Aid Asked By Legion Official The American Leeion fought un ceasingly for 20 years for prepared ness and now it faces another great battle . . . the struggle to help returning soldiers during the postwar adjustment period, Robert C. Malcolm, retiring county American Legion commander, last night told the annual Past Commanders' dinner at the Roosevelt Hotel. Michael A. Fisher of Swissvale, new county commander, presented Mr. Malcolm, new western department vice commander, with a gift. a Length of War With Japan Aug. Poll Today In 1943 1 l"e First half 1344 6 7 Last half 1944 17 20 In 1945 36 40 Later than 1945 35 25 I'nwilling to guess 5 7 In some respects there has been a greater increase of optimism over the war against Japan in recent weeks than over the war with Germany. The number who think I that the Japanese will meet their ; awarded the Croix de Guerre pos- I defeat either in 1944 or in 1945 is i thumouslv. Army Citation Marks Soldier-Hero's Death A Certificate of Honor marking the death of her only son killed in action Feb. 3 has been received by a Beechview widow. The certificate was issued to Mrs. Rose G. Joyce, of 805 Bayonne Ave., whose son. Pvt. William J. Joyce, 22. was killed in the Atlantic four months after he enlisted. , Pvt. Joyce, who worked at Kauf-mann's warehouse, was graduated from St. Catherine's Parochial School and South Hills High School. Previously, his mother received a Purple Heart awarded her son posthumously. loans, or VT loans as " they are known, solve one of the war manufacturer's most worrisome problems. Not only small firms but the largest corporations have some or all of their working capital tied up in war contracts, with little money set aside to finance a return to normal pursuits. Under usual Gov ernment procedures, it would be months, even years, after war contracts are terminated before a settlement could be made. U. S. Guarantees Credit Now. however, a war contractor can so to his bank and negotiate a line of credit, guaranteed by the Government, against which he can draw in the event his orders are canceled. While no VT loans actually have been negotiated in Pittsburgh as yet, a number of applications from district manufacturers are on file at the Pittsburgh Branch of the Federal Reserve Bank. The Pullman-Standard Car Manufacturing Co., which operates a large plant at Butler, announced that irhad obtained Army approval for the establishment of a 60-mil-lion-dollar VT line of credit at commercial banks. Kash-Kelvinator I'ses Plan The Nash-Kelvinator Corp. was first to take advantage of the new program, arranging a 75-million-dollar credit to enable it to change over rapidly to production of refrigerators and other household appliances, and eventually autos. as soon as materials become available. VT loans are an extension of the V (Victory loan) program set up by the Federal Reserve System. War and Navy Departments and the Maritime Commission whereby working capital needs of industry are satisfied by Federally-guaranteed bank loans. As in the old V guarantees, in terest on loans approved and guaranteed by Federal war agencies will be assumed by the Government at the time contracts ai e terminated. Sub-Contractors Eligible Credit to be made available is based on a percentage of a contractor's investment in war produc tion inventories, work in process accounts receivable from war pro duction and payments to be made to sub-contractors. Sub-contractors as well as prime contractors are eligible to receive credit. The VT loans were adopted by the Goomment to prevent any slackening-of war production that might result from manufacturers' uncertainty as to what will happen to their financial condition if contracts suddenly are canceled. "The credit agreement will not only benefit the company and its employes by minimizing interruption of jobs," C. A. Liddle, president of Pullman-Standard, commented on the company's loan. "Customers also will benefit because we shall be able to make available quickly the new rolling stock that is greatly needed." ALL BRANCHES OF DENTISTRY AT YOUR SERVICE TEETH- EXTRACTED New Teeth yM s ASLEEP OK AWAKE BROKEN I PLATES REPAIRED QUICKLY DR. H. N. SHOR JBikdT Cor. 6th & Penn OptR Dally 9 t 6. Hon.. Weil.. FrI. TIM fc H jlljji - Distilled 4 fears ago in a fMByllk spotless American distillery by the Wl celebrated Cuban Rum Maker, gp" Senor Alvare, from choicest im- 1 isilllJnja ported Cuban raw materials. Sife? 'foe.. ' ' PRIVATE STOCK ?ZZlZIJ " 90 PROOF 'Alan Seeger' Launched WILMINGTON. Cal Oct. 6 The Liberty tanker S. S. Alan Seeger named for the World War I soldier poet who wrote "I Have a Rendez vous With Death." was launched.! bv the California Shipbuilding Corp. Seeser, a New Yorker, was Undies last longer ... ;S&-C the' LUX way s - V tllvv s z?"- y i j , - " yy , .y- v. jyi SO THRIFTY1. I MAKES RICHER 1 ItJ ,r3W JJ rs suos-Goes A 1 "'""it"' i KfM&SfzsM u further! Y : V. i 3 I SS!!S rk It's important to make things last these days! Lux keeps wash-ables new-looking longer. And because Lux is all pure soap a little goes a long way. Lux is thriftv. In the same familiar box If your dealer doesn't have Lux in stock today, uait, and try aain the next time you shop. He'll have more Lux soon. Remember, Lux is worth waiting for. It's patriotic not to waste soap! Use just enough to make rich suds. Don't use more water than necescary and Lux several things at a time for example, first underthines. . will nTMffl- ctrate9c 1 When you feel thai you are not getting the kind or amount of meat you want, remember it's for a boy who may smell powder a lot more than he smells meat cooking and who hears bombs a lot oftener than he hears the sizzle of a steak. The high-quality, complete proteins, the B vitamins and the minerals of meat are essential to the good physical condition of our fighting forces. A 90-day advance supply of food is needed for every man in training. An eight-month reserve is needed for every, man overseas. Every ship sunk, every shift in the progress of the war can increase the need. , Such are the calls coming in for the sides of beef and pork which used to be available at your neighborhood meat store. The meat and livestock industries have taken on a job of helping feed our fighters, providing meat for our fighting allies through . Lend.-Lease, and trying to meet the demands of a harder working civilian population with plenty of money to spend. More than 1200 American meat packing houses and nearly 1000 sausage makers are bending into this gigantic task. Millions of patriotic livestock producers are working with them in "backing the attack." PROTEINS ARE ESSENTIAL TO LIFE All meat beef, pork, lamb, veal, and sausage contains complete, highest quality proteins. All meat contains essential B vitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, niacin) and important minerals (iron, copper, phosphorus). The human body does not store these nutritional essentials to any appreciable extent; you must get them from the daily food you eat. Remember, the flavor of meat is not rationed. Even a little meat changes the character of the whole meal. Supplement the proteins of meat with meat's "allies-in protein" poultry, fish, milk, eggs and cheese. Keep up on proteins. Thit Sea? that ofl stattmanH regarding nutrition mode in this advertisement ore acceptable to the Council en Food end Nutrition of the American Medical Axtociation. AMERICAN MEAT INSTITUTE Chicago -t-SLr YOUR GOVERNMENT ASKS Y0UT0 HELP $ttmi HERE'S HOW: Produce Food Let's not permit a square foot of good earth to go idle if it can produce something to eat. Start planning next year's Victory Garden now. Conserve Food 20 to 30 per centof America's food has been wasted every year. This waste in itself is more than enough to feed our armed forces. Eat every crumb, drink every drop. and. whenit'stime, can all you can-Share Food Through rationing, civilians are asked to guarantee that our fighters will have plenty. Rationing is Uncle Sam's way of saying, "Home folks, hold back we need it for the boys." Play Square with Food Pledge yourself to accept no rationed foods without giving up ration stamps ... and to pay no more than top legal prices. That way you can kill the Black Market in meat, butter and other rationed foods. then stockings a the same suds.

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