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6 - Monday, July 22, 1963 Redlands Daily Facts Democrats optimistic budget will be passed SACRAMENTO (UPI)— Democratic leaders in the legislature were optimistic today that a week-old Senate deadlock over the administration's §84.9 million budget bill would be broken. Only one vote was needed at latest count. But Republican sources in the Assembly indicated GOP leaders of the lower chamber probably would try to tie up the spending program on their side of the legislature. The Senate stalemate came last Tuesday when Sen. Stephen P. Teale, D-West Point, tried to get upper chamber approval of the augmentation to Gov. Edmund G. Brown's $3.14 billion budget for the fiscal year that began July 1. Republicans voted as a solid 12- vote bloc against the bill in retaliation for Senate approval of a bill to accelerate collection of bank and corporation ta.\es. As a result, Teale fell three votes short. But Sen. J. Eugene jNIacteer, D-San Francisco, who was present but declined to cast his vote, announced last week that he had decided to join the 24 other Democrats in voting for the bill. Also, Sen. Samuel Geddes, D-Napa, who was absent, will return tomorrow. Brown in Florida Brown, who attended the national governors' conference in Florida during the weekend, said he hoped the lawmakers would wind up the business of their special session quickly. He promised to sign three revenue bills, including the bank and corporation tax speedup, late today. Among them the bills would add $105 million to the state's tax take this fiscal year. Lt. Gov. Glenn M. Anderson, president of the Senate, also predicted the Senate deadlock would be broken. "This is a matter of the greatest urgency and consequence," Anderson said in a news release. "I am convinced that the Senate minority is composed of responsible, dedicated men and that surely one of them will provide the deciding VISIT YUGOSLAVIA BELGRADE (UPI) - Soviet Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev and Hungarian Premier Janos Kadar will visit Yugoslavia separately next month but their paths may cross, informed sources here said Thursday. The sources said Khrushchev is expected to begin a two-week visit Aug. 20. Kadar is expected to arrive in Belgrade earlier. There has been no official confirmation of either visit. vote to insure that California con tinues to move ahead in its role as the leader among states of the nation." If the Senate stalemate is broken and the money bill moves to the Assembly, Republicans are expected to renew their original threat to hold up approval of the spending program. But whether they will succeed is another question. Democrats in the lower chamber have a powerful leader in speaker Jesse JI. Unruh, D-Inglewood. He has expressed optimism that the Assembly will clear the spending program—probably in a slightly different version than the Senate. Mathematically, however, the GOP has enough votes to stop the budget and toss the legislature into another deadlock. Democrats control the Assembly by a 52-28 margin—and need 54 votes, including two Republicans, to get the spending program tlirough. The GOP lower chamber caucus chairmaned by assemblyman Don Mulford, R-Piedmont, has taken no formal vote yet on whether to follow the lead of the Senate and retaliate against approval of the bank and corporation measure. But Mulford is known to favor such a move. During the regular legislative session, which, ended June 21 without adopting Brown's tax reform program. Republicans in the lower chamber agreed unanimously to vote against the budget if the Senate approved Brown's plan for payroll withholding of income taxes gained legislative approval. Withholding Appears Dead But withholding apparently is dead for the special session. A private Senate caucus showed it lacked support and the governor's bill was "tabled" by the upper chamber Revenue and Taxation Committee. There were some signs it might show up again as a rider to one of two revenue bills still remaining for action. One would put a halt to an installment privilege of paying personal income tax now used mostly by professional persons. The other would allow persons whose tax would be less than So or $10 for couples to be totally exempt from the state income tax. Both bills are in the Assembly. Neither house meets until late this afternoon—the Senate at 2:30 p.m. and the Assembly at 3 p.m. Barring a major upset, the lawmakers are expected to complete their work by Thursday or Friday at the latest. Black Africa demands U.N. crack down UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (UPI) —Black Africa readied its diplomatic power today for a campaign to force Security Council discipline of Portugal and South Africa. Portugal's policies in its overseas territories and South Africa's practice of racial separation — or apartheid — shared the agenda of the council session summoned this afternoon at the request of 32 African countries, the continent's entire U.N. membership except for South Africa. The Portuguese problem was scheduled to be dealt with first. But interest centered on the South African racial situation, which brought demands for an arms and oil embargo, enforced by a blockade, if necessary, and hints that a formal move might be made for South Africa's expulsion from the United Nations. South Africa, whose Prime .Minister Henryk F. Vorwoerd has hinted that his government might quit the United Nations, wUl not be present officially at the council meetings, which are expected to run two weeks to a month. Its delegation will be represented only as an observer. But Portugal, whose Premier Antonio De Oliveira Salazar has said his country could well be the first member to leave the United Nations, sent Foreign Minister Alberto Franco Nogueira to participate in the debate. The Africans, following the mandate of the recent Addis Ababa conference, designated three foreign ministers to present their arguments against Portugal and South Africa. Mongi Slim of Tunisia, a former General Assembly president, J. Rudolph Grimes of Liberia and John Ka- refa-Smart of Sierra Leone have been in consultation with other delegates for more than a week. U.S. Ambassador Adlai E. Stevenson cut short a European trip to return for the council session. His first step was to discuss the situation at a White House policy session and his second to impress on Slim, Grimes and Ka refa-Smart that the United States strongly opposes a move to expel South Africa. Churchill, man of many hats HELMET: London Blitz and COSSACK: Fateful meeting his finest hour, 1940. at Yalta in 1943. CAPTf: Out of power and . on holiday, 1930. TOPPER: Prime Minister RAF CAP: Honorary Air ADIfflRAL: At th© queen's again (1951-55). Commodore, 1951. coronation in 1953. FEDORA: Retired, aging, but still "Winnie." PLUJIES: Order of th© Garter in 1954. Colorful past Tunisia marked in history by its frequent appearances THREE MINERS KILLED TERUEL, Spain (UPI) —Three miners were asphyxiated and 21 others injured Friday when a fire broke out in a local coal mine. Authorities blamed the blaze on a short circuit in a ventilating motor. They said none of the injured miners was in serious condition. GOOD OLD DAYS— When the auto first made its appearance, some said that it would never replace the horse. This Copenhagen, Denmark, horse and wagon, caxrymg an old car to the junkyard, creates a strange sight which seems to bear the old timers out. By MICHAEL DEURE United Press International TUNIS. Tunisia (UPI) — A city that stood here was once described as "after Rome, the busiest and most corrupt center of the West." The city was Carthage and it was a Roman governor, who so described it almost 1,200 years ago. Carthage was already 1,600 years old. Modem buildings rise now from the Roman baths to look over the Mediterranean towards Italy. Freighters and oilers push through nearby waters, once the domain of the Barbary Coast pirates. The Phoenicians, sailing west from what now is Lebanon founded Carthage about 800 B.C. Through the next 2.700 years Ro mans, Arabs, Turks and French claimed the area. Spain made a pass at it in the 16th Ontury and the British controlled the seas around it 300 years later. The Allies drove the German army from Tunisia into the Mediterranean in World War II. From this battering of cultures a predominantly Arab state arose to independence in 1957. A poor country by American and European standards, Tunisia is neutral, pro-West and proud. Tunisia is an agricultural country. Much of the land, though fertile, is underdeveloped. The country covers 48,332 square miles, a little less than North Carolina and a little more than Indiana. It is hjjf-way between the Straits of Gibraltar and the Suez Canal and, with Sicily, forms the barrier between the eastern and western Medterranean. Tunisia's 900 miles of coastline gave it economic and political importance hundreds of years ago. Tunisia is the smallest of the north African states in area, sandwiched between the Mediterranean on the north and east, Libya to the south and Algeria to the west. There are 4,255,000 persons living in Tunisia, about the same number as in Jfissouri. About 4 million of these are Tunisian Moslems. The remainder are Eu- THE WHITE HOUSE FAMILY QUARTERS Second Floor Nurse's Bedroom WHERE TO POT THE BABY?—It's getting crowdeci in the cabin for the nation's Fu^ Family, just as it bas for millions of growing families not quite so well known. There may De 121 rooms in the White House, bat the new addition due this year to the John F. Kennedys is already causing problems. Critical factor, as shown in floor plan of the private part of the White House, is placing a nursery in dose proximity to nnrse Maude Shaw. The First Lady's dresang room and other rooms such as the Treaty Rooni and Queen's Room (where five reigning queens have stayed as guests) were ruled out because of this and becatise of continual traffic in corridors and sitting rooms. So for the first few.months of his life, the newest Kennedy will stay in nurse Shaw's bedroom, which was formerly a 9x12 storage closet Later, the baby will share a bedroom with brother John Jr. Of course. If the f amOy had a long enough lease on the executive mansion, some of the kids could eventually move upstairs when they are older, wbeia there are 21 more rooms and 9 baths. ropeans, mostly French and Italians, Jews and "foreign" Moslems. The native Tunisian is either Arab or Berber, a fairer people than the /\rabs. The country became autonomous March 20, 1956, after re- ceivmg increasing self-government measures from France since 1947. She became a full-fledged republic one year later under President Habib Bourguiba. Bourguiba was re-elected president in 1959 for a five-year term. The president's Neo-Destour or "new constitution" party is the only one in the country since the Communists were banned Jan. 1, 1963. Internationally, Tunisia belongs to the growing group of "neutral ist" or non-aligned nations—the young emerging countries of Africa and Asia who put their respective developments before membership in either of the world's power blocs. North Africans, particularly, with their history of colonial domination, see identification with the Communists or the West as submitting to "neo - colonialism." Tunisia is a "young" country. More than half its population is under 19 years of age. Arabic is the national and official language although most educated Tunisians also speak French. Schooling is obligatory up to the equivalent of the ninth grade. For higher education, there is the Moslem University of Zitouna in Tunis and the Institute of Advanced Studies. These will be incorporated into a new Tunisian university within six. years. Students wishing to study abroad are encouraged by government grants. Many of the civil servants were educated in France, for instance. Geographically, Tunisia is mountainous, fertile and fairly well watered. On the coast, the climate is temperate. Inland, in the Atlas Mountains, soft Mediterranean breezes give way to whipping winds, like Upper Jlich- igan on a November day. The Tunsian Sahara occupies the whole of the southern division of Tunisia. But it is not all desert. Jlountains, in the southeast, reach more than 4,000 feet and vegetation is abundant. Rainfall averages about 22 inches a year compared to slightly more than seven inches in ."irizona and 43 in New York. In the Tunisian Sahara rainfall is uneven. Two or three years may pass with none, then there may be violent floods and storms. Besides agriculture, which employs more than 80 per cent of the work force, Tunisia also has minerals — lead, phosphates and zinc. Since independence her light industry, most fertilizers, carpets and shoes, has increased. So have her tourists. But the country is poor. More than one-third of her population earns less than $37 annually. People at this level would be farm laborers and peasants living in primitive conditions in the country on a diet of bread and dishes made from rice, oats and barley. At a higher level there are people like Amer Ben Khaimas. a railway office clerk, who earns about $1,200 a year. He represents the growing lower middle class as Tunisia becomes industrialized. Amer, 37, his wife Lallah and their three children share a three room apartment with a kitchen and bathroom overlooking the sea in Tunis. The apartment is immaculate, but lightly furnished like most homes in hot countries. It has a small patio where the family often sits after the evening meal. Amer and Lallah pay sLx dinars a month for rent. Most of the rest of his salary goes for clothes for himself and food. He is also buying a German-made radio on time and putting some money away. A national health program pays doctor and hospital bills. As the world shrinks in the air age, Tunisia is discovering her potential as a tourist attraction. Hotels rise above spectacular stretches of white sand. Their Moorish arches, patios, fountains and mosaics blend with the surf, palm tree and cactus. Fifty miles southeast of Tunis is Hammamet, the best-developed holiday spot in the country. The ornate houses and swimmmg pools of European colonial officials have been replaced by hotels and motels against the background of orange and lemon groves. Tunisia is encouraging foreign firms to build hotels and is already developing tourist regions iUelf. SELL IT TOMORROW With an inexpensive Classified Ad ACCUMULATED VALUE OF PAYROLL SAVINGS SAVE EACH WEEK AND YOU WILL HAVE SAVE EACH WEEK 3 years In 5years In 7 years & 9 months $230 $ 405 $ 703 $1,150 3J5 607 1,055 1,728 5.00 810 1,408 2,304 625 1,013 1,759 2,882 730 1,215 2,112 3,458 12.50 2,026 3,520 5,766 18.75 3,040 5,282 8,651 Brandy the Bear takes a spin around the ring in this popular segment of Kaluser's Bears, one of the featured acts with the Bingling Bros, and Bamum & Bailey Circus. Coming to the air-conditioned Los Angeles Sports Arena, August 1st, through I3th. SAVE EACH MOKTH AND YOU WILL HAVE SAVE EACH MOKTH 3 years In 5 years In 7 years & 9montfas $6J5 $ 233 , $ 403 $ 661 7.50 280 484 794 1230 466 807 7,323 18.75 701 1,214 1,991 25.00 934 1,617 2,652 37.50 1/402 2,42S 3,981 75.00 2,805 4,856 7^63 HOW SAVINGS BONDS BliILI>—flares dnnr how yoor savmgs can grow through pnrdiase of Series S U^S. Savings Bonds on the payroll pnrdiase plan. Ifoney presently earns 3% per cent, when bonds are held to matarity (7 years, 9 months). Savings Bonds axe as safe as the natifn. A MEETING C?> OF MIKDS STYLIST'S DREAM—No vrheels, no springs, but who cares? ... It's PURE DESIGN. ENGINEERS see the itfeat 'auto as one of armor plate constniction. Durable, safe (who'd dare hit it?), and no problems with flowing lines. SALESMAN'S model has gold- plated grille, three layers of chrome, diamond-encrusted hood ornament. Price? Dollar down, dollar a week. 'MANUFACTURER'S dream bus: Master die, similar to a toothpaste tube, squeezes out model after modeL No changes, please, until 1984. PURCHASING agents and the oeconntants woaM love this one. Hordwore store parts—binges, lodis —and pie plate hub caps, old coffee can heo4- lights are kind, kind, kind to the budget, fellows! FUN ON TBE DRAWING BOAKDS—Creations, abov^ were peeled from stylists' drawing boards during a mmd-refreshmg pause from the minute detail- of auto designing. live good reasons why no one man should be trusted to design a modem motor car. from American Motors' whimsy department.