Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland on January 11, 1949 · Page 1
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Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 1

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Tuesday, January 11, 1949
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The Weather Cloudy, colder, with light rain tonight and tomorrow. City ,Weather — Temperatures — High, 51; low. 39; noon, 41, Rainjall^.O! inches. River — 5.30 feet. FINAL VOL. LXXX. NO. 10 Xuoriotcd Prea Stnic»—AP W/repAoJo CUMBERLAND, MARYLAND, TUESDAY, JANUARY 11, 1949 International News Swvia 18 Pages 5 CENTS Retail Prices Dropping As Sales Rise Store Owners Cite Increase In Volume After Christmas NEW YORK—(£")—The • rush of 'people' attracted by post-Christmas sales has convinced many leading retailers the nation is headed for a new era of lower prices. They voice this conviction-with certain reservations, of course—and in some cases with crossed fingers. Right now some 6,000,- -retailers are attending the 38th annual convention of the National Retail Dry Goods Association in New .York, and their main objective is to increase sales, lower ' their, costs and ' maintain profits. The general picture these leaders outline is this 1 : ' Christmas sales bogged down until they, barely exceeded last year's figures, 1 and the year as a whole .was only five per cent above 1947. '.But the response to sales at reduced prices • indicate people will buy an increased volume of goods if price, style and value are balanced to fit the consumer pocketbook. No Recession Expected The experts don't look for a gen- Israel Case Pictured As Powder Keg British And Jewish Leaders Could Halt Dangerous Moves By Following Advice Of American Officials By DeWITT MACKENZIE AP Foreign Affairs Analyst Britain and Israel will do. well i . they follow America's urgent advio that they treat the- shooting-down of the five British planes by Israeli forces as a "regrettable inclden only: This "incident" in itself isn't o world-rocking consequence. Yet i could be the fuse- to set off a 'Chain of explosions which would blow u all into another global conflict. The differences between Brit- ain and the Jewish ' people of Palestine are many and of long itandinp. .However, the current upheaval revolves about a politico-military situation, involving control of the big stretch of desert in southern Palestine known as the Negcv. ' • Israel claims the Negev as par of the new Jewish.state's territory Britain wants control because of th Negev's great strategic importance Of course 1 that's a great over •impliflcation of a complicated case Still, It does'give point'to the fac that we .are deallng'-with one of th jforld's highly strategic areas-which : a barrier'^between west-and. east it is a safeguard of -the Suez Caua ts ths vital 'water' communication •with the Far East. It' also .is the land bridge to vast field*, of petroleum. ' ' . ' ' The importance of this area, is emphasUed by Britain's occupation of the Red Sea port of Aqaba. in TransJor.dan. This ancient city, from which Klrijf Solomon, sailed for Opiiir to rather gold and Kerns, is at the crossroads of land and sea routes. * Control of it has been by a long succession of- powers. Israel has protested to the Unitec Nations against this British move The. protest maintains that the "presence of British troops at Aqaba can .have no purpose but to threaten Israel's territory in the southern part of -the Negev." This Negev desert, by'the way, is rich in mineral deposits and there Js petroleum under.it. Moreover, it can be cultivated by Irrigation and Israel wants to develop It. i But there are other considerations involved In -the Anglo- Israel quarrel. This Middle Eastern area is a vital sector of the cold 'far. The British arc leartnl "that Russia may gain domination of this theatre by backing Israel. It Is charged that the embargo • on arms to Palestine is being broken by Czechoslovakia which is shipping munitions under orders from Moscow. This could bring- about *, drastic change in the balance of power in the Middle East, with Russia securing- the advantage. : ' Pursuing this line of .thought -we note that the Negev also is vastly important for these reasons: 1. It provides airfields • for the protection of • the Arabian oil re- Cions. 2. It provides airfields for protection ol the Suez Canal Zone.' (Continued on .Page 2. Col. S) Robin Goes South In Airliner While Broken Wing Heals MIAMI, Fla — IIP)— Joe, the New York robin which was grounded after an encounter with a cat, flitted somewhere over the- Miami area today after being flown here in'a commercial airliner. Tommy Donn, Miami, florist .and bird fancier, released Joe from'his iny cage last night shortly after .is arrival from Malone, N, Y., via "Eastern Airlines. Joe's piggy-back migration flight •was initiated by w. S, Topp. Malone florist, who rescued the. robin during 8 losing battle with a cat. Joe suffered a broken -wing. It was Topp's idea to get Joe Bouth for some 1 sunshine, and with an ailing wing the 1,300-mile journey proved too much.' So Topp booked passage for the Robin, provided an ample supply of crackers, and notified his friend, Donn, to • *ee that he was released on arrival. "I checked the' robin's wing and saw it was strong enough for flight," said Donn, "and after giving him another cracker, turned him loose. He took right off. I guess he was glad to get out of that airplane. Hell head, north in the spring— around Easter—by then he will be ai food as the next robin."Joe was noi available for comment. oral price break, nor for a business recession, but they -do look for a general selective downward price revision and a general increase in value and style where prices aren't reduced from present levels.. Tehre was one strong note of caution. Several retailers said increase: government spending or wldespreai wage increases could turn the tidi and force retail prices up. Create supply now Js .overbalancing de mand, said one retailer, but an in. crease in spendable money coult turn the tables and put demand on top with a consequent pressure for increased prices. Charles-G. Nichols, president and general, manager of the G. M. McKelvey Co. of Youngstown, Ohio said: "I look for'.prices to go down but not too much. They will go down by categories. There will be no general cut." "Feeling Way Along" M. J.'Greenbaum, president of the Association of Buying Offices of New.York, said: "Consumer buying response to post-Christmas sales was very gratifying. There-was no general pattern- of, price reduction in'those sales,-and future price re. (Continued on Page 2, Col. 4 Truman Brake On Aerial Hike Stirs Protest WASHINGTON -=•(#}— President Truman's.budget brake on Air Force expansion plans stirred up a Congressional hornet's nest today. Both Democrats and Republicans joined x • • Mr. Truman ; recommended a minimum 48-combat group Air Force in his budget message yesterday. Bep.'Vlnson (D-Ga), prospective chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, immediately disagreed. "I' am thoroughly convinced an overwhelming majority "of Congress will vote the funds to put into being a 70-group Air Force over a jeriod, of three or four years, 1 ' Vmson; said. "It is .the minimum we must have for. security." Tydings Plans Study . Senator'Tydings (D-Md), chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, said he didn't think the President's recommendations "ruled out" nn ultimate 70-group force, but intended to study the matter ry closely. • Mr. Truman took the stand that the number and size of planes is better way to' measure Air Force Hero, Actress Cut Wedding Coke •* . i C7 Leaders Fleein Actress .Wanda Hendrix .and Audie Murphy, America's 'most deco- rated'soldier, cut their -wedding cake at a reception in. Hollywood, follow- ng their marriage at Christ Memorial Unity Church. (AF Wircphoto). strength than by the number of groups. Secretary of the Air Force Sym- ngton, in a report issued' over the •week-end, . reiterated Air Force hopes for' 70 groups.. The 'last Congress authorized 66 groups and the 4ir Force now. has reached 60- proup combat 'strength. (Syming- ;on's report was written weeks ago; le -has said since- he will go along with the President's recommenda- ions.) ' ' ' (Continued on Page i. Col. 3 Panama Changes Stand • « PANAMA, Panama— W)— The Re' of Panama is now,' ready to ooperate -with j the United States defense of the Panama n the Canal. David Samudio, a government member, speaking in the National \ssembly said yesterday tho-attitude f Panamanians had changed. A ear ago United States troops were ulled out from their .wartime bases ecause of Panamanian objections. 'Little Fellow' Due To Escape Pay Tax Boost Low and Middle Wage Groups Seem Likely To Receive "Break" By WILLIAM F. ARBOGAST WASHINGTON— frP)—L o v.- and middle' salary groups appeared likely today .to escape 'any' general income tax boosts this year in spite of, a' record $41,858,000,000 peacetime budget. But there was fairly general agreement in both Democrat!'; and Republican- ranks that if President Truman's spending program for ths | fiscal year starting July ,1. is to be | followed, someone .is going to iiave ! to ante up more money. GOP "Urges"'Ecorioray' -.'Also,' if- his- social- welfare proposals are enacted millions of workers and their'employers";will have arger payroll. taxes. . . ., Republicans shouted for economy. They pointed to the spectre of a deficit • formed by .'the budget the President .sent 'to Congress yesterday. •" ' The Democratic heads of the and House taxwritin? corn- Senator George of Georgia j Wanda., Audie Go To Secret Spot For Honeymoon HOLLWOOD—W)—Audie Murphy and Wanda Hendrix are honeymooning today—location unannounced—after a wedding marred only by a half hour delay, occasioned by a misplaced license. Chinese Capi Israel Readies New Attack On British Moves Holy Laud Tension Rises As Warships Are Moved to Area By MAX HARRISON LAKE SUCCESS—(ff)—Israel wa: reported ' today to be preparing 2 new blast at Britain, .despite efforts of Washington and United Nations officials to ease the growing Palestine tension. There still was no official wore here whether or not Israel woulc abandon her plan to file a forma complaint in the Security ' Councl against Britain on any ofthe several .ssues.over which the two countries are arguing. Israeli Representative Aubrey S Eban, however, arranged a news conference for 2 p. m. (EST) and this touched off .rumors a new attack on Britain was on the way. Assails Britain. These rumors were strengthened to some extent by a sharp statement issued, by Eban last night on his arrival in New York, after a round of conferences in Tel Aviv. Ebar. declared British, troop •novements^ in Trans-Jordan constitute a "repudiatoin of the Security Council truce resolutions." He said The groom, 24, the'Army's most Britain's action is causing "grave decorated hero who hails from! concern" in Israel. < Farmersville, Tex., Quickly retrieved it however, and the rites proceeded The bride, 20, a movie actress wore a white slipper satin gown and a Juliet "cap with, finger-tip veil They'll livs here. Speed Up Seen For Labor And WelfarVBills Three Major Measures Slated For Action In Next Few Weeks By HOWAKD DOBSON WASHINGTON — OT— A prominent Capitol Hill Democrat prc- rrninr 1-ihnr " whi £3Ks?s-2K-.2 earjsivt'sys North. Carolina, maintained a cau ,ious position. They said 'they, wan" ,o-see how much money or seven weeks. The White House has asked for T-H Repeal Forecast o-see ow -muc mon | Lesinski (D-Mich), otes to'.spend before considering, ^ ' Congres / .^ getting geared ' tax raises. . i for it As a result, there is a strong pos-i jul •"" sibility-that the legislative budget I . ; provision'of the Congressional Re- j Lesinski, m line for the chair- organization Act will be suspended. 1 manship of the House Labor Com- This provision requires Congress toimittee, said President Truman will set an estimate on appropriations: 0et by the. end of February: and income by February 15 eachi 1- Repeal of .the Taft-Hartley year It hasn't been effective in j Law, wrapped up in a complete new past'years and the Congressional I labor measure restoring most- o£ ncome-outgo goal's have not been the New Deal's-Wagner Act . ,. _ _ • ' *? A hnncf. In (-."hp ruiMnnn binding. "Will Ask Suspension Rep. Cannon' (D-MoJ,'who will head the House Appropriations Committee, -said he will, ask the committee to take the initiative to uspend the-budget ceiling requirement. • "It isn't workable," Cannon told newsmen. "You can't tell with ac- uracy by. February 15 what you re going to .do in the following nonths." (Continued on Page 2, Col. 7) Virginian Jailed [n Woman's Death BLAND, Va,—(/?}—Sheriff W.' M. Tice said, the headless body of a oung -woman was found in a deso- ate section of,'Bland County early j oday after her brother-in-law sur- • endered to officers and admitted murdering her. Price-said the body of Mrs. Catherine S.. Newberry, 1 about 24, was | ound on' a -mountainside along Route 1 99 between Mechanicsburg .nd Pjolaski. Samuel Newberry, 30, gave'himself up at Bland jail last midnight. Price aid, and directed officers to the x>dy. . • • •The sheriff .said Newberry told a Tuesome tale of shooting his sister- in-law to death, cutting her .head ff and burning it in a stove, and hrqwing the body-over the'moun- ain'si'de. 2. A boost in the national mini- i mum wnge to 75 cents an hour from its present 40: 3. A federal aid - to - education program authorizing money to build schools, and to ' pay- teachers in some impoverished districts. Lesinski, • a Michigan ' building contractor, is a veteran of .IS years in Congress and has been a.stout New-Deal supporter all those, years. He made his predictions in the light of a long conference yesterday/with Mr. Truman. Lesinski took with him Reps. Kelley of Pennsylvania (Continued on Page 2, Col. 2)' Forrestal May Stay .WASHINGTON—</P) — James V. Forrestal said after a talk with President Truman ' today- that he expects- to stay or. as Secretary of Defense. . . Eban's statement wa^ regarded as significant since it came after the State Department and U. N. Secretary-General Trygve Lie Appealed to Britain and Israel to forget their differences for the moment in the interest of the forthcoming armistice talks on the island of Rhodes between Egypt and Israel. Maneuvers Criticized The Israeli representative said his government attaches great importance to the projected armistice negotiations but declared the talks "can only be 'prejudiced by provocative maneuvers such as .-those: in which, the British, forces are now engaged.'.' British diplomatic sources .in London had said earlier that Britain would not present a complaint to the Security Council charging Israel with shooting down five RAF planes near the Egyptian-Palestine border Reports from. Tel Aviv said yes-, terday that Israel would file a counter-complaint aaginst' Britain, but the Israeli delegation said last night the question still was under consideratlon. .Tews Blame British TEL AVIV,. Israel—OT—Israel today placed the blame for the shooting down of five British planes on (Continued on Page z, Col. f) New' York Cabbies Irked'Over Order To Remove Radios Snow Man In Hollywood Style Ern Westmore," film-make-up artist, and his wife Betty use-their talen to build this snow man last' night on their North Hollywood, Cal,, yard Adding a 'touch of realism is the tumbleweed hairdo.' ' The, Winte statuary is one of the phenomena appearing with the'storm which, brough up to six inches of snow to Los Angeles suburban.communities. . ' Ice Storms Hit Midwest As Dixie Enioys Summer J J • : ' . (Bit Tlie ^.ssQciated Press) ^ Weather's wintry elements unleashed, further. damaging blows t storm-weary states over most' of the western-.half of. tile nation today ; . 1 Snow,;;ice..and."sleet storms hit an : area• from• the'-.TexasrQklahoma panhandle to'the Pacific Coast. • '. " . California shivered again in. freezing temperatures. There was snow and-ice. from.the'.state's Winter, resort-spots'to'the'mountains. Many highways were closed.- -The frui and vegetable crop was further endangered by the wintry blasts.- The Rocky Mountain-, region and jarts of the midwest got another ilast of sub-zero temperatures. Cole weather "in the Pacific Northwest hreatened a severe power shortage Balmy In Dixie While winter's icy blasts, deal' evere. blows to the west, Dixielanc was basking .in Summertime-temperatures. The mercury shot up nto the 70's and 80's yesterday from Louisiana to the Atlantic Seaboarc and from Florida to east Tennessee nd most of Virginia, The freezing rain and sleet cover- d an extensive area of the centra .nd southern plains as far eastward ,s Iowa, Missouri and western llinols. Kansas, Oklahoma, Missouri anc part of'northern Texas got the worst of the storm. Many communities were blacked out as heavy ice-coatee , power linos snapped. Some schools NEW YORK—t/P)—All New York i were closed. ' Travel over .the glazed taxicatas must be stripped of their radios, says the City Hack Bureau. The order really affects only owner-drivers, since nearly all fleet operators have eliminated 'radios from their cabs. There are 11,800 cabs in tile city today. Reason for the order is an effort highways was at a slow pace. Fallen trees on highways added to the hazards of. driving. ; Only One Road Clear In California highway crews worked through 'the night'.sanding icy roads and clearing snow.-' Only one to reduce the number of accidents.-main.highway out-of Los Angeles, But the-men behind the wheels I Coast Route 101 to San Francisco don't like it. Harold -de Wolfe, managing director of the League of Mutual Taxi Owners, which represents the bulk of individual drivers, said: Tf it. were true that radio playing distracts a driver or causes accidents, 'then every radio in every; . .. automobile throughout the nation m'ltain should be removed," and San Diego, 'was free of. ice. The mercury slid to freezing and below in many parts of 'California (Continued on Page 2, Col. 6) Pontiff Praises "Assignment: America Influenza Epidemic Sweeps Through European Sections PARIS— (IP)— An epidemic of in- luenza is spreading through France nd..threatening other countries in ^estern Europe. Unlike the "Spanish" flu" in 1918, •hen the death toll ran into. the housands, the present epidemic has o far claimed only about two deaths er 1,000 cases, a government medial source said.' The current epi- eciic is being referred to as "Italian ' It struck first in Italy and pread into France. In, Britain, the'Ministry of Health aid it was concerned over the anger of the -epidemic spreading cross the channel, but so far there •ere no signs of widespread sickness. Danish medical authorities report- d Influenza apparently had not reached . there, -but circulars describing-the disease" have been sent to' doctors putting them on their guard. • "Nothing approaching epidemic proportions'" was reported from the American zor.e' of Germany. The French' Ministry of 'Public Health so far has no figures to report on the -number of . people affectedJn Paris. But a week ago about one out of every 10 had influenza or grippe in such provincial towns _as Metz, Lyons, Nancy and elsewhere along the eastern border. Hospitals everywhere are reported filled. In Paris it took two days to get an appointment afc the Arr.eri- (Rcg. D. .3. PM. OK.)House, Guests "Lead A Dog's Life" At Bromfield's Ohio Valley Farm By INEZ KOISIl MALABAR FARM, Lucas, Ohio— (INS)—Malabar Farm, is the one home in th'e nation where both family and _house guests are lucky to lead a dog's life. • No dogs ever had it so good as Louis Bromfield's four boxers, Mrs. Bromfield's cocker spaniel and Ellen Bromfield's border collie (because his ancestry obviously borders on a look of unalloyed -joy when Folly, Rex and Baby simultaneously start scrambling into his lap. i OI course, there are guests, who under the circumstances, don't want VATICAN CITY—(ff)—Pope-Pius XII, receiving in private audience 18 members of the British Parliament, today praised the British system of government, as "one 'that has stood the test of centuries." Tlie Pope—speaking in English— said that among the noble traditions of the parliamentary system is that it permits the interchange of ideas and freedom of speech. When.this freedom, is exercised in an atmosphere of understanding with due respect for justice and truth, and under the guidance of an Probe Started In Capture Of Jewish, Aliens, MIAMI, Fla.— (If)—. A full invest! gation was underway today following arrests of 'three Jewish refugee- and thre'a.suspected smugglers on a small Florida Key. Attorney General Tom Clark said in Washington there was-"some indication, that others in the United States are involved and' a full investigation is in progress." Border patrolmen arrested the six Sunday .at Marathon,-a Key abou halt way between Miami and Key West, after a 28-hour.watch. Chief Border' Patrol Inspector Frank Hornyak said • they - were seized as they docked to! refuel the 45-foot charter vessel; • • S'.e m p e r Fidelis, in . wliicTi they had • come from Havana, Cuba. Hornyak identified the aliens • as lancu Herscu, 26, his wife Milica, '22 Romania, and Artur, Woloski, 25, of Poland.'He said Herscu and'his wife had been; inmates, of -.the Buchenwald concentration-camp and Woloski had spent five-years in four different Nazi prisons. Charged with, attc.rn.pting to smuggle aliens into this country illegally '• and with conspiracy were Albert Padags, 25, of Fort Lauderdale, Fla.; Arthur J. Benson, 34 Rockport,- Mass,, master- of- the charter boat; and Joseph. Sowinski, 59, Stevens Point,'Wis., a crewman, All were arraigned yesterday .before U. ..S. 'Comission-er Roger Ed- ward'Davis. The'threb charged with attempting ' to smuggle aliens into (Continued on Page I, Col. 8) 3utcli Rebuff Request BATAVTA, Java,— <ffl—A -United Nations request for permission to rfsit Indonesian Republican lead- 'rs held by the Dutch has been urned down' temporarily by Dutch luthoritles. Tlie request and answer were nade known today as the U.N. Good impartial judge, the benefit to a Offices Committee (GOO included nation is difficult to exaggerate," I them in. its., latest report to. the to come back. This apt to include individuals who have been brought up under the impression that a dog's place is not in the living room. But since the dogs accompany; Mr. B. everyplace, they also come the Pontiff said. 'Security Council. (six:restless, he is apt to put his head and in the diner's lap. This can be an unnerving experience to the unin- every thing). , .... Mr. B., who is slightly "teelied'to table. Usually they lie placidly in the haid" 'about dogs, has built'under the table on the feet of the one of the most luxurious dog j master and the guests, houses in America. It consists of the However, if one of the dogs gets handsome' 20-room manse baths) in which the family guests are tolerated by.the dogs. Heaven help the novice guest who itiated. Boxers are born with morose expects the dogs to get up and give ; and misanthropic faces and age him the best chairs or sofas in the does not improve the expression, living" room!'The dogs do it with,; Furthermore, boxers—at least the Trace and good .nature,.but the mas-i Bromfleld boxers—when pleased 'er finds such guests intolerable with life are apt to smile winsome- boors and unfit for'civilized society ly at people. Some people can take or a.return invitation to Malabor. lit; some can't. For when a boxer Inexperienced guests are some-'smiles, he hooks his upper lip just times disconcerted, too, by the fact behind the middls eight incisor or :hat the boxers, average weight molars in his 1 lower jaw. 70 pounds, operate in the house un-. This imparts to the boxer a lean, der the impression they are lap dogs. The guests who hope for a return (Continued on Page 2, Col. 3 visit had better pin on their pans a hungry—and in the eyes of the nervous—a mean look. I have seen timid folk at Malabar feed their (Continued on Page 2, Col. i) Shoddy Santa Claus Costumes And Amateur Make-Up Scored Santa, Claus! "They plan, their pageants and CLETOLAND- and Hollywood, have complicatedl parades for life for America's costumiers. • For that you J. R. Hirschfield of Detroit, president of. the National Costumers Association, which- opened a three- day convention here yesterday. rehearse for have tTe word of weeks ' then a C0uple of days before the zero-hour they come-to us with a-demand for several hundred authentic historical costumes." The professional. Santa Clauses, The movies, Hirschfield--told an j some of the business'.best costumers, interviewer, have taught the publicj cause Hirsch'field many fretful mo- to expect an authenticity of costume j ments. ' It seems a lot of .Santas that calls'for diligent research. are getting by with shoddy, stained "People see these beautiful, au- costumes while others are guilty of. thentic costumes • created at greatj amateurish make-up jobs that scare expense for' Hollywood,, and they:the kiddies. think they can rent, them from .us "No wonder., children cry at. the for three or four dollars a day," he .sight of these people," 'Hirschfield complained. snapped. "The right type of Santa Not only that, adds Eavia M. requires, besides a decent costume, Yost, Cleveland costumer, but— a fait of good but simple .makeup." Tottering As Cheimault Offers. To Again Lead "Tigers" To Aid Nationalists ; NANKING'—. <F) — Official. • sources -today- indicated 1 the... Reds cither have occupied the Ifreat northern ^industrial city of Tientsin or "that terms have ... been agreed- ori for its surrender- These sources 'conceded .that' "Tientsin is gone." They declined, however, to furnish details. The northern city has 'been. under heavy attack for several . days. Last previous reports here. said Red troops, .were fightinf in Tientsin's, suburbs. :." •By HAROLD K. MILKS U'""~ ' NANKING — (&)•— Government officials stepped up their flight. from Nanking today as Commuuist armies launched new assaults.. •' ."'... Red troops 'were' reported crushing trapped-- government armies- on the . northern approaches to Nanking, ' government airmen called it the 'heaviest fighting, we have seen -'at anytime in China." . • . ' ".. Farther north, Red troops were reported fighting the government., garrison, in the suburbs of .Tientsin. Thousands Flee Capital " Little more .than a symbol of the Nationalist government remains 1 in. Nanking. Officials, archives .and, equipment are flowing out of the capital at a fast pace: . • . Thousands ..' of officials, and em- ployes liave. left.- Many have mo'ved south to set up emergency branches- of their ministries 'out. of 'reach., of '' armies. Others have 1 'fled ' to . iieir native homes where they hop*. to find' obscurity. • . : . Technically .all ministries- are still. n Nanking. That's • because the great ".seals -with. 1 -which;' all official. Japers ;must : be,-stampec! ; : are .still . lere'. But .'actually, few government- functions continue, except the most urgent. " .v.'- 1 . '' : . :;"'; '.," One official estimated "more-than- • half the National government's personnel has disappeared" from 'Nan- . king. The 'Ministry of Health, .•will- move en masse tomorrow to 'Canton. n southern China. • • .„',„... Formosa Fortress Seen - • Canton ' and Formosa- (Taiwan) a're favorite, refuges of -government . officials: As many as 50,000 Chinese a week are reported- arriving on Formosa, which some say G'erieralis- simo Chiang Kai-Shek may turn nto an island, fora-ess. ; • . ." , ' ' Peace rumors continued' • to . flow rom every direction. One government official cautipned, "It's no use' ,alking about peace until we -know what, the Communists want."...And. hey are not saying." . • The heaviest. fighting was about .50 miles' northwest "of Nanking. ?he government force is the former Suchow garrison, under command- f : Gen. Tu Li-Ming, trapped by the .. Communists a month ago. - . • (A Communist broadcast yester- ay said' the Nationalist force had icen "completely wiped out"; as_';a. . fighting force. .The encircled troops, iriginally numbering 250,000 men, iad been cut to 130,000 by Commun- st estimate 1 Sunday.). ' - .;^. Air Lift Abandoned V— The, government air force ^SacV een parachuting supplies to th'eien- • ircled 1 troops. But pilots reported urvivors' -were so tightly- packed- zrto' the narrowing area tha&jEhey sked the airmen to call off th*e"air • ift. 1 •' ' • In Shapghai Maj: Gen. Claire' -L. , Channault, retired, wartime 1 leader .. f the "Plying Tigers," 1 said he was illing to. lead a new American- vol- nteer group for the Chinese ; gov- • (Continued on -Page 2, Col, i) Suspects Quizzed [n Rape Slaying ~~ Jf Girl On Guam .. PEARL HARBOR— (ff)— The Navy - eports that a man.questloned In the . . ape-slaying of. pretty 1 Ruth- Farns- orth on Guam admitted seeing •'. ;wo ; companions hitting and carrying off" the San Francisco •woman. Miss Farnsworth, 27, a CivJtSer-'. .' :ce employe, disappeared Dec, 1 11 • •om the jade shop where she work- d at night part time. "She -was ound unconscious in' the jungle, the ext day, the 'victim of a brutal «ex ssault. She died Dec. 13. The. Navy last night' released .'this ;atement . by Rear- Adm. Charles. ownall, Governor of Guam: ; .^ 'All persons- involved (it'didn't'say ow many) have been identified and ow are being questioned by Guam • aval government police. In- order ot to hinder, the. investigation,.- ames of £b# suspects and other cir- umstan'ces will not be released »t iis time: Further information ;:will e released when developments war- ant." - . ' i. & O. Loadings Rise • BALTTMOREr-pP) — The, 'Baltl- ore' and' Ohio ' Railroad reported day it loaded' 38,818 cars of-reve- ; ue freight in the week ended .Jan. and "received another 20,211 from mnecting lines for a total handle of .' 1,029 cars. ' . In the previous week the railroad aded 29,865 and received- 16,545 r a total of 45,410. In the corres- onding week of 1947 it loaded 41,8 and received 22,550 for a total 64,008. • ' '

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