The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on January 29, 1996 · Page 3
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 3

Salina, Kansas
Issue Date:
Monday, January 29, 1996
Page 3
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THE SALINA JOURNAL V SOUTH LAWRENCE TRAFFICWAY Great Plains MONDAY, JANUARY 29, 1996 A3 Indian cemetery threatened by highway Construction controversy revives history of early students buried at Haskell By JOSEPH POPPER Kansas City Star LAWRENCE — The cinderblock and limestone campus of Haskell Indian Nations University looks much like that of any other school. It looks that way until you see the cemetery. The school cemetery is tucked into the southeast corner of the campus. It contains 103 graves laid out in four neat rows. The stone markers are small, the words "upon them fading. In the first row you find these names: '••• Nellie Hood, Arapahoe, 1871-1886; , Agnes McCarty, Modoc, 1870-1886; Fred Yellow Eyes, Cheyenne, 1874-1886 ... As you walk on, row by row, the truth leaps from the weathering stones. In this graveyard lie only children — born to different tribes, dead at different ages, but all children. "It is a special place," said Alisa Murphy, a Haskell sophomore from New Mexico. "They are our ancestors. It is our tradition to honor our ancestors." The Haskell cemetery sits on a little rise overlooking the Wakarusa River valley to the south. In the valley lie hundreds of acres of wetlands. "The earliest Haskell students had great affection for those wetlands," said Chuck Haines, a biology professor. "They would sneak down there to escape their lives up here for awhile. Some met secretly with their parents or other relatives who weren't allowed to visit the school. Some went down there to pray and find silence and peace." The early students prayed in different languages but shared a belief central to most Native American spiritual thinking: All things, all times, are connected on the nurturing Earth. It is perhaps fitting, then, that the once- forgotten history of the early students has resurfaced now as part of a fight waged by the Haskell community to preserve the wetlands — currently at the center of a simmering controversy. At issue is some 3,000 feet of the planned South Lawrence Trafficway slated to cross the wetlands on the southernmost edge of the college grounds. The road project — a long, southern loop around the burgeoning city — has come to a halt west of the Haskell campus. For microbiologist Chuck Haines, who helped write the first Haskell statement on the trafficway, the controversy didn't even exist until 1993. "It was then," he said, "that a whole pile of roadway reports sort of landed on my desk. I knew about the wetlands — we' use them as a teaching laboratory — but I admit I didn't know a thing about the traf- ficway." Concerned by what he read, Haines, along with other faculty members and students, began to research the history of Indian land use in the wetlands. "In the process," he said recently, "up jumped these otherwise routine documents with almost random notes about early Haskell students — a few words about a kid killed in a farming accident, or shot, or found dead. It was like diving into a very complex mystery. What was really going on here back then?" Haines, himself part Indian, knew the broad outline of what went on. He knew that like the other boarding schools run by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Haskell, founded in 1884, began as a primary school. "But there was little schooling," he said. "It was really a farm labor camp with only two or three hours of teaching a day. The rest was all farm work or construction or maintenance." When students arrived at Haskell — most between 8 and 16 years old — they were given new names and forced to shave their heads. They were forbidden to speak their own languages, sing their traditional songs or practice their religion. "They were literally ripped from their families," Haines said. "It was part of a program of 'cultural quarantine' meant to destroy Indian tribal life and values." Those children who ran away from Haskell were called "deserters." When caught, they were made to wear special harnesses. Some were flogged or chained to their beds. Some were even locked in a jailhouse built on campus. "The government reports indicate that most of the kids in the cemetery here died of tuberculosis and typhoid," Haines said. BRIEFLY Information sought about rural theft • The theft of a saddle and power • tools from a garage and a barn in the 7000 block of South Burma Road is this week's crime of the week for Crimestoppers. • Crimestoppers is a nonprofit . organization that pays rewards to people who help solve crimes. The crime occurred between 7 p.m. Aug. 26 and 10:30 a.m. Aug. 27. Taken were a saddle, an air compressor, one Lincoln welder, a Craftsman band saw, a cut off saw, a Toro weed eater and a Craftsman battery charger. The items were valued at $1,800. . ' Anyone with information may ,call Crimestoppers at 825-8477. Callers are not required to give their names and could be eligible .for rewards of up to $1,000. Two Indiana men injured in accident • GOODLAND — Two Indiana men were injured in an accident Sunday caused after a gust of wind whipped the trailer their pickup was hauling, causing the driver to lose control of the vehicle. Clarence M. James, 39, Martinsville, Ind., driver of the pick. up, and Richard E. Burgess, 22, • Indianapolis, Ind., were thrown . from the pickup that rolled after it separated from the trailer, said a dispatcher with the Kansas Highway Patrol in Nor, ton. James suffered a head injury and Burgess a broken pelvis. The crash occurred about 5:15 p.m. Sunday. The pickup, which was headed east, came to rest upright in the median and the trailer turned sidewise, blocking traffic. Both men were admitted to the Northwest Kansas Regional Medical Center in Goodland. No one wins jackpot in Power ball lottery None of the tickets sold for the Powerball game Saturday night matched all six numbers drawn, lottery officials said Sunday. The numbers were 8,10, 22, 27 and 38. The Powerball was 20. Players matching all five numbers and the Powerball would have won or shared the $5 million jackpot. The prize goes to an estimated $9 million for Wednesday. Kansas is part of the multistate lottery. Students receive bachelor's degrees The following north-central and northwest Kansas students recently received bachelor's degrees from college and universities: From Benedictine College in Salina - Jean Ann Aker, Abilene, and Glen Beaman, Salina. From Washburn University School of Law: Kimberly Ashton, Salina; Kari Milliken, St. Francis. From other schools: Leigh Elizabeth (Cramton) Lillibridge, Culver, bachelor's, the University of Nebraska at Kearney; Kristy Hostetter, Hope, bachelor's, Washburn University. From Staff and Wire Reports Tomorrow's Headlines 825-6OOO Category 6006 (Call alter 7:30 p.m.) Bowled over KELLY PRESNELL/The Salina Journal Cowboys fan Jesse Garcia (bottom) wraps up his older brother and ardent Chiefs fan Scott during a pre-game game Sunday afternoon at the football field in Kenwood Park. The two were out with their father, Jonathan Garcia, burning off steam before the start of the real game of the day, the Super Bowl. T LEGISLATURE College entrance standards sought House Education Committee plans hearings this week on admissions requirements By The Associated Press TOPEKA — Another push is on to require Kansas students to meet minimum requirements before being accepted by any of the state's six universities. The battle has been waged many times in the Legislature. Supporters of so-called qualified admissions hope this will be the year the Legislature decides Kansas should no longer be the only state with an open admissions policy. Currently, the only enrollment requirement is that students graduate from a Kansas high school. The House Education Committee will conduct hearings Wednesday and Thursday on a bill that would set minimum requirements. It was introduced by 28 House members. "I think it's time we give students the opportunity to succeed rather than the opportunity to fail," said Rep. Tom Sloan, R-Lawrence, one of the sponsors. The Kansas Board of Regents supports the proposal, although it is not a priority, said Regents Executive Director Steve Jordan. Board members are working with the State Board of Education to develop graduation standards. V911 CALL "I think it's time we give students the opportunity to succeed rather than the opportunity to fail" Rep. Tom Sloan Lawrence Republican "There's lots of evidence that we somehow need to improve the preparation of students," Jordan said. The bill would require students who want to attend any of the state's four-year universities to meet one of three requirements: • Completing a college preparatory curriculum with a grade point average of 2.5 on a 4.0 scale. • Scoring at least 23 on the American College Testing program, or ACTs. • Ranking in the top third of their high school graduating class. The college preparatory course would include four years of English, three of mathematics, three of social studies, three of natural sciences, two of a foreign language or one of a foreign language and one of computer science. The bill also would allow each university to exempt 10 percent of the freshman class admissions from the requirements. The measure would apply to all six state universities — University of Kansas, Kansas State, Wichita State, Emporia State, Pittsburg State and Fort Hays State. Students who do not qualify would be able to attend two-year community colleges and then transfer to a university. The proposed admission requirements would not apply to anyone 21 or older. "I've always supported it," Gov. Bill Graves said of qualified admissions, although he added that it was not at the top of his list of legislative priorities. "I'm happy that there's some interest in it," Graves said. "I would be willing to look at and work with people interested in qualified admissions." Opposition to qualified admissions has come from the House more than from the Senate. The House rejected a similar measure twice in 1993. Opponents have said that admission standards could prevent or delay "late bloomers" from getting an education. They also have said that the children of Kansas taxpayers should be able to attend a tax-supported university, regardless of their high school performance. In Kansas, about 70 percent of high school seniors attend post-secondary school, while the national average is 60 percent. Dispatcher helps save life with CPR instructions When you need to know.. He directed women to save brother who had suffered a heart attack By The Associated Press GRAND ISLAND, Neb. — The 911 dispatcher calmly asked questions and delivered instructions, helping keep alive a man who suffered a heart attack. "I'm going to tell you how to do mouth to mouth," Brad Richards told Linda Whittfoth, a sister of 45- year-old Gary Soper, who had suffered a heart attack. "Place one hand under the neck and the other hand on the forehead and tilt the head back." "Get them out here," Whittfoth said, asking for paramedics. "They're on their way," Richards replied. "Calm down over there." Whittfoth and another of Soper's sisters, Jeanette Womple, had never given cardiopulmonary re- suscitation before. They credit Richards' instructions for helping their brother survive until paramedics arrived. "I think people should be aware of what he did for us," Womple said of Richards. "That's what saved our brother's life. That's the person I want to give thanks to." Soper had the heart attack at home on Jan. 20. He was listed in good condition Saturday and was released from the hospital Sunday. Richards, a dispatcher for six years, said he referred to cards that describe CPR steps as he told the sisters what to do He said that because of the nature of 911 calls, he does not always get to see good results in his work. "When I found out how he was doing at the hospital, I was excited," Richards said. "It made my day." A carpenter, Soper lives with Womple and her husband, Terry. Whittfoth lives nearby. T CZARS EXHIBIT » Museum reports fund loss Treasures of the Czars costs rose because of hurried construction By The Associated Press TOPEKA — The Kansas International Museum lost thousands of dollars on the Treasures of the Czars exhibit, but board members say they are not discouraged by the figures. The KIM board of directors Saturday released a preliminary financial statement showing it took in $12.1 million in revenue and spent $12.8 million. However, the revenue figure included $755,000 in cash gifts from individuals and organizations that don't represent revenues from the operation, making the actual operating deficit $1.5 million. • The exhibit, open throughout the fall, was housed in a former Montgomery Ward building in downtown Topeka. KIM board members said several expenses could be eliminated or reduced if Topekans would support a permanent museum. Betty Simecka, KIM chairwoman, and Ken Alexander, KIM secretary, said it is too early to know how the community feels about a permanent museum. Alexander said the exhibit didn't break even partly because of a $3.4 million bill in building-related expenses. "Had these costs been spread over even a five-year period (in a permanent museum), the czars would have shown a bottom line positive number of $2 million available to be used as seed money for future quality events," Alexander said. Simecka said creating the exhibit likely would have cost less than $3.4 million if it had not been a hurried project. The contractors often worked double shifts and used extra workers to get the building ready for the exhibit, which was also displayed in Florida. "St. Petersburg, Florida, had a year or a year-and-a-half to do what we did in 90 days," she said. KIM board members are exploring the idea of creating a permanent museum in Topeka that could be shared with other organizations. The statement issued by KIM Saturday indicates $600,000 in state sales tax was collected at the museum and forwarded to the state. The exhibit also generated more than $100,000 for the city government through its 1 percent sales tax. Those figures don't include any additional sales tax collected on sales in Topeka and Kansas to out-of-state visitors eating and shopping in the city during their visits to the czars exhibit. Alexander said arrangements have been made to repay the $250,000 loan from the state that helped with startup costs for the exhibit. But he declined to elaborate because people involved had requested anonymity. That loan was separate from the $2 million bank loan that guarantors were asked to underwrite. But the arrangement to repay the state loan does apply to covering the $733,000 financial loss of the exhibit. So, the loan guarantors will need to come up with enough cash to cover $483,000 of the loss. * SUGGESTIONS? CALL BEN WEARING, DEPUTY y.DITOR, AT (913) 823-6363 OR 1-800-827-6363

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