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6 - Tiiurs., July 18, 1963 Redlands Daily Facts GREAT FALLS 2:00 PM SALT LAKE \J 2:08 PM DULUTH MONTREAL SAN FRANCISCO 12:48 PM ""A*"" 4:42 PM i V 3 :25PM:i--/^ H > \ TORONTO ^ r A ) >;?-^»NEW YORK >^ 4:49 PM . DENVER 2:22 PM CHICAGO > V 3:39 PM, 1 <»>1 ST. LOU IS' 3:42 PM , WASHINGTON 4:51PM LOS ANGELES l:02PM >^ PHOENIX 2:20 PM SUN'S (J-MOON orsic-i CIRCLES SHOW APPEARANCE OF SUN AT MAXIMUM ECLIPSE. TIME: LOCAL STANDARD FOR MAXIMUM ECLIPSE. ATLANTA 4:55 .PM NEW ORLEANS 3:57 PM MIAMI 5:10PM Data by: AMERICAN MUSEUM-HAYDEN PLANETARIUM SOLAR ECLIPSE—Astronomers, scientists and ordinary citizens are scurrying to get a good vantage point from which to view the solar eclipse, to take place Saturday. Chart shows local Ume and maximum eclipse for various cities. Viewers should not look directly into the sun during the eclipse, to prevent eye damage Only partial in Redlands Solar eclipse to be seen Saturday at 2 The solar eclipse Saturday afternoon will be visible to Red- landers and other Southern California residents, but only partial ly. The Griffith Observatory in Los Angeles reports that even during the time ol maximum eclipse at approximately 2 p.m., only 26.4 per cent of the diameter of the sun will be covered by the moon In Southern California, the first contact of the disk of the moon will occur at 1 p.m., daylight saving time. The maximum eclipse will occur at 2 p.m. and the eclipse will be all over by 3 p.m. The Griffith Observatory, like the Afedical associations, cautions all persons, never to look directly at the sun during an eclipse or any other time. Visitors to the Observatory will follow the progress of the moon across the sun on a solar image 20 inches in diameter projected on a screen at the west end of the Hall of Science. SMART WOMEN CHOOSE BALANCED POWER HOMES m. The handsome residence of Mrs. W. Phil Sechler is located in Pasadena. GAS RANGE: O-KEEFE & MERRITT ARCHITECT: JOHN F.GALBRAITH, A.I.A. Who's for broiled steaks? The Seehler's gas range does them to perfection in minutes I •Unusual electrical lighting fixtures accent the decor of the Secfiler home. Go ahead, expect the best, and find it in Balanced Power Homes: With both gas and electricity to choose from, you enjoy the most modern living eveiy day, plus a handsome saving during the course of the year. Here's how Balanced Power works: You let gas do the jobs it does so well and so economically-the cooking, heating and air conditioning, water heating, and clothes-drying. By the same token, you use electricity for lighting, for running motors, TV and stereo, and operating other small appliances. There's the beauty of Balanced Power. Each power does the work it's best suited for, so you can live better and spend less! What could make better sense than that? ©SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA GAS COMPANY ^K-. NEW YORK (UPI)-On July 20 the solar system will put on its greatest show — a total solar eclipse that will be visible in varying degrees from every part of North America. Tens of millions of Americans and scientific groups from a half dozen countries will observe the phenomenon which will come near to matching the celebrated North American eclipse of 1930. There will not be another eclipse of the sun visible in any part of the United States until 1970. And not until 2017 will a solar eclipse be visible to so many Americans as this month. Those living in a 60-mile-wide path stretching from Anchorage, Alaska, across Canada's Yukon, Northwest Territories. Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec to Bar Harbor, Me., will see the dark mass of the moon completely blot out the sun. In the blackout path, the only light left will be a sickly yellow corona around the moon, equal in intensity to a half-moon's glow. Stars will twinkle in the momentary, unnatural night, birds will cease to twitter, and the air will cool and fill with eerie rippling shadows. See Partial Eclipse Those living outside the belt of totality will see a partial eclipse, ranging from 92 per cent of total in Boston to 26 per cent in Los Angeles. But record crowds are expected to turn out from coast to coast to see the heavenly spectacle, which fortunately falls on a summer Saturday between late morning on the West Coast and late afternoon on the East Coast. Maine and Quebec, the most densely populated area in the blackout path, are girding themselves for a tremendous influx of visitors bent on seeing the total eclipse. The Maine Department of Economic Development estimates that more than 200,000 persons from other parts of Maine and out-of-state will descend on central Maine for the two hour performance, climaxed by two minutes of darkness between 3:42 p.m., EDT and 5:44 p.m. The American Museum-Hayden Planetarium warns eclipse watch ers to protect their eyes against the haraiful solar infra-red rays by looking through two thick nesses of black and white photo graphic fihn which has been ex posed to the maximum density. Dark glasses or smoked glass are inadequate for peering directly at the sun and cannot prevent pos sible permanent damage. Japan to be First Tokyo Observatory scientists will make the initial observations of the eclipse, which will first be noticeable at sunrise in Japan, and the University of Kyoto will send a scientific team to Alaska. Also in Alaska will be delegates to the American Astronomical Society's convention near Fairbanks especially timed and located to coincide with the celestial show. other scientific groups taking ground observations with instrument and camera \viU be the Hayden Planetarium expedition in Quebec, the Harvard Observatory in Maine, Dutch and German expeditions near Great Slave Lake in the Northwest Territories, the University of Illinois in Manitoba and Ontario, and the National Research Council of Canada. Astronomers from the Dominion Observatory, Ottawa, will take observations from aircraft. The scientists will be checking and rechecking various aspects of eclipses, including fluctuations of brightness, polarization of light in the outer corona, variances of geomagnetic and earth currents, radio characteristics of the ionosphere, and deflection of star Ught by the gravitational pull of the sun. The latter, verified during previous eclipses, is a confirmation of Einstein's theory of relativity. Eventually, scientists expect to observe eclipses from space ve hides that will be propelled beyond the earth's contorting atmos phere for more perfect measure ments and photographs. Puffy clouds may spoil view of eclipse of sun BAR HARBOR, Maine (UPD- Nature could spoil nature's big show Saturday, at least for spectators on the ground. The weather was topmost in the minds of scientists gathering here to observe the total eclipse of the sun. The weather bureau forecast a h'ght cover of puffy cumulus clouds over central Maine, the only area in the United States except Alaska where the eclipse may be seen in its entirety. A forecaster said the chances are better than 50-50 that the total eclipse will be seen by most persons except in spots where clouds obscure nature's most awesome performance. Though the forecast generally is favorable. New England is widely known for its whimsical weather. If the weather cooperates,. the eclipse will be viewed by about 100,000 persons including scientists on the ground and in jet aircraft traveling nearly twice Uie speed of sound at altitudes up to 48,000 feet. The jet aircrafts will be able to fly above normal cloud covers. Scientists believe that fish and wildlife may put on some show of then- own when the moon moves between the earth and the sun, causmg a sudden darkness to fall over the area. The Committee on Oceanogra phy of the National Academy of Science wants to know in particular what herring will do during the period of darkness. The fish and wildlife service has been asked to watch all tj-pes of fish and land animals to see what happens. At the same time, the American Medical Association has issued stem warnings that the human eye can be damaged severely if exposed, even briefly, to the direct rays of the sun. Doctors warned that the only safe method of watching an eclipse is by the "projection method," that is by looking at an image of it on a piece of paper while facing away from the sun. Doctor's column repeats danger of eclipse viewing The following is « reprinf of the Faefi daily Doctor's column which appeared en the editorial page July 3. Every time there is an eclipse, many persons who watch it live to regret it. After the eclipse on September 20, 1960, despite advance warnings. 31 persons in Utah and "5 m Washington received retinal bums. Many others undoubtedly occurred but were not reported. Most of the victims were under 20 years of age. Another eclipse is due on July 20, 1963. The moon will pass between the earth and the sun along a path through Alaska, Canada, and Maine. Over this path, it will cause total darkness for a few minutes. In areas north and south of this pathway a partial eclipse may be seen. There is no safe way to look directly mto the eclipse. Smoked glass and old photographic negatives cut out some of the rays, but enough infra-red heat rays get through to cause serious bums. Since there are no pain fibers in the optic nerve, which ends at the retina, the bums cannot be Republicans have same idea for 1964 WASHINGTON (UPI) — President Kennedy gave a simple explanation Wednesday for resuming golf. There had been a two- year layoff due to his back injury. "I like it," he told his news conference. He said that his return to the game was aided by his 10-day European visit because it was good "to get out of the office." The President played golf at Hyannis Port, Mass., last weekend. felt. They leave retinal scars which remain throughout life as incurable blind spots. The effect of the sun's rays passmg through the lens of the eye and focusing on the retina can be demonstrated by focusing the same rays through a pocket lens on the back of your hand, which is well supplied with pain fibers. No one is to be blamed for wanting to see an eclipse. But it is hardly worth a retinal bum. For this reason, one of the foUowmg alternatives should be used: Watch it on television. Suice the eclipse may be shown several times on newscasts, you may be able to see it more than once. Another method is to punch a round hole V» - to Vt - inch in diameter in a sheet of cardboard. With your back to the sun, hold the cardboard in such a position that the sun's rays pass through the hole and are projected onto a smooth, white surface. This is the principle of the camera, and the image projected will be upside down. In the case of a solar eclipse, this doesn't matter. The important thing: Don't be an "eye witness." Q—I have had recurring attacks of neuralgia under my left shoulder blade. My doctor says there is no cure. I am becoming discouraged. A—These severe pains can come and go without any regularity, so it is hard to tell when they will return. The treatment that is usually tried first is to inject alcohol into the jierve near the place where it joins the spinal cord. Some drugs, such as dipbenyl- hydantion (obtainable only on a doctor's prescription) will shorten the attacks, but will not cure the disease. If nothing else works, it is sometimes necessary to cut the nerve. This should be avoided except as a last resort. Ed. Note: This information was compiled by the Illinois Society for the Prevention of Blindness and was published in the Illinois Medical Journal last month. INSTRUCTIONS TO MAKE A SUNSCOPE TO VIEW THE ECLIPSE Step 1 Take one large oblong carton (about 1x2x3 ft such as that in which facial tissue is shipped) and cover the inside of one of the small ends "A" with plain white- paper. The longer the box the larger will be the sun's image. Step 2 Cut a small hole (about 1 inch square) in the opposite end "B" of the carton close to one long side. Cover this hole with aluminum foil. Make a pinhole in the center of the aluminum foil. Step 3 — Cut a hole slightly larger.than your head (so the carton slips over the head easily and allows ample air space), on the other long side "C" more than 14 inches from the white paper. Step 4 — Close all four sides of the carton and tape together to shut out light. To make the box darker seal all light leaks with black tape or black paper. Stand with back to sun and put carton over the head so that you are looking at the white paper on surface "A". Direct the pinhole, behuid you, towards the sun. The sun's image enters the box through the pinhole and appears on the white paper in front of the viewer. NEVER LOOK AT SUN THROUGH THE PINHOLE. This only intensifies the rays of the sun and the danger of permanently damaging your vision. Warns of danger from viewing eclipse Because of the danger of retinal bums (and consequent blindness) from viewing the sun during an eclipse, the Joumal of the American Medical association published the following information in its July 6, 1963 edition related to the only partly safe way to take a direct look at the eclipse: "For those interested in making their own filters, it is suggested that they obtain overexposed photographic or x-ray film (slower films are best). 'Combine one or more thick nesses of this until a density is obtained which just abolishes the readibility of print on a 60-\vatt, incandescent, frosted electric light bulb. 'The light of the bulb in a darkroom will then appear as a glow similar to that of a full moon on a moderately bright night . . ." Despite this calculated filter protection, the association still recommends that the eclipse be viewed only indirectly by projecting the image from a small hole onto a screen, similar to the box arrangement described in another Facts story today But the association particularly stresses that the eclipse should never be viewed through a telescope of other magnifying device under any curcumstances. "For those who feel compelled to use a magnifying device for a better look at the eclipse, we suggest that they stay home and watch it on television." Property taxes average $150 per capita S.ACRAMENTO (UPD - Property taxes levied in California for the 1962-63 fiscal year amounted to S150 per man, woman and child according to the State Board of Equalization. The total taxes levied by counties, cities, school districts and other special-purpose districts was $2.6 billion. The sum represented a rise of 8 per cent — or $3 per person — over the previous year.