jra t\% 73rd Year Phone 793-3221 REDLANDS, CALIFORNIA. THURSDAY, JULY 18, 1963 $1.50 Per Month Sixteen Pages 10 Cents SKY DRAAAA — This is an artist's conception of the "Syncon" satellite which will be launched later this month. Because its orbital speed will be matched to the earth's rotation, Syncom will appear to hover over a fixed longtitude. It will move 33 degrees north and sooth of the equator because of an inclined orbit. (NASA photo from UP! Telephoto) ZIP code causes mail to zip along BREMERTON, Wash. (UPD- The highly touted efficiency of the U.S. Post Office Department's new zip code system has made a big impression on Jlrs. Robert JIcKay. It should have. Wednesday she received a letter from Vancouver, Roberf Kennedy says civil rights now W,\SHIN'GTON (UPI) - Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy told Congress today the administration's civil rights bill "can and will do more toward righting the Wash., postmarked 2:30 p.m. to-'.wrongs of racial oppression than (iay. I any other measure possible at this time." Kennedy told the Senate Judici- arj' Committee, headed by hostile Sen. James 0. Eastland, D-Miss., that "no issues are more urgent" than those the administration's civil rights program seeks to resolve. L.A. offers its peacocks for sale at auction LOS -WGELES (UPI) - The county purchasing agent today began accepting bids for sale of 100 surplus peacocks to the highest bidder Aug. 15. The peacocks currently reside along with others at the county arboretum in Arcadia. Weather Kedlands Weather Today (2 p.m. reading) Highest 99, Lowest 57 One Year Ago Highest 92, Lowest 53 Tomorrow's Sunrise and Sunset 5:51 a.m. — 7:59 p.m. No smog, allowable burning. • San Bernardino Valley: Sunny Friday. Little change in temperature. Low tonight 55 to 60. U.S. Weather Bureau Noon Forecast Clear sides will continue through Friday exc^t for some low clouds and fog over the coastal sections south of NewT»rt during the late night and early morning hours. High temperatures this afternoon will be in the 70s along the coast, 85 to 95 in the coastal val leys, 92 to 102 in the intermediate valleys and at most mountain resort levels in the \m 80s. In upper desert valleys the highs for today will range between 95 and 105 and 105 to 115 in the lower valleys. LitUe change is indicated for Satiu-day with continued clear warm weather. Bulk of 27 named in bookie ring surrender LOS ANGELES (UPI) - The bulk of 27 persons named in federal grand jury indictments as members of a Southern California bookmnking ring that hauled in S20 million a week — SI billion yearly—for an Eastern sjTidicate Here expected to turn themselves in to authorities today. T. Todd (Sugar) Brown. 53, Long Beach, identified by authorities as kingpin of the operation that blossomed out in apartments, private homes and business establishments throughout the area, was arrested Wednesday at his plush Beverly Hills office. Officers said Brown was the cure-all but that it would "bring to law what we have always known in our hearts to be justice." The attorney general appeared before a standing room only audi' ence in the big, theater-like auditorium of the new Senate Office Building. He backed up the pleas of his brother, the President, while bis other brother. Sen. Edward Vi. Kennedy, D-Mass., listened as a member of the committee. Under questioning by Sen. Estes Kefauver, D-Tenn., the attorney general agreed to work with Congress toward a more viable form of the controversial equal public accommodations section of the bill. He said no part of the rights package was more important. But he admitted the difficulty in defining just what establishments have "substantial" relation with interstate commerce. He said the program was no! o"e of the 27 who had eluded ' arrest during five previous rajds carried out since Jan. 1. He was freed on $50,000 bail. They said his Flash Publishing Co. was a ••front" for a s>'ndicatc headquar tered in Boston that allegedly sent him here to organize the ring. Vice officers said 23 of the persons named in the Grand Jury in dictment, which culmmated nine months of investigation that began with reports a national syndicate had moved into the area, remained at large, but most had indicated through attorneys they would surrender today. Quote of Day MIAMI BEACH. Fla. — Miss U.S.A, Marita Ozers, recalling that she was runnerup in a Chicago beauty contest two years ago: "I guess I'm getting better now." Kennedy asks tax on foreign loans WASHINGTON (UPI) - President Kennedy asked Congress today to enact a temporary tax on foreign borrowing of U.S. capital in a stepped-up effort to close the growing balance of payments gap. The President said the new clampdown was needed to help make further "inroads into the hard core of our continuing payments deficit." The President's recommendation, made in a special message to Congress, was intended to add more authority to an intensified attack on the dollar deficit which began this week with the raising of short-term interest rates. A payments deficit develops when U.S. citizens and the federal government spend more dollars abroad than foreigners spend in this country. The result is a drain on U.S. gold stocks. The President proposed a program mixed with both old and new ideas for resolving the balance of payments dilemma—one of the most nagging economic problems facing the nation. Urges Renewed Emphasis He urged renewed emphasis on previous drives to increase exports, promote U.S. tourism, and reduce overseas dollar expenditures by military and foreign aid programs. Kennedy said the long-range payments outlook was hopeful, but that action must be taken quickly to replenish "our stockpile of arrangements.. .during our return to equilibrium." The nation ended 1962 with a balance of payments deficit of S2.2 billion, which shot up to an annual rate of S3.3 billion by March of this year. Government economists indicate the deficit is still climbing. Kennedy's proposal for an "in terest equalization tax" was designed to lessen the impact on the gap that results when foreigners borrow dollars in money markets here — where interest rates are lower — for use in their own country. Asks Graduated Tax The President asked Congress to enact a graduate tax, ranging from 2.75 per cent to 15 per cent, with the rate tied to the length of the loan. The tax would start at the minimum 2.75 per cent on a three- year loan, and rise to the full 15 per cent for loans maturing in 28V2 years or longer. It would be in effect through 1965. Kennedy said the levy "would stem the flood of foreign security sales in our markets and still be fully consistent witii both economic growth and free capital movements." The increase earlier this week in short-term interest rates—from 3 per cent to 3 ^2 per cent — was intended to discourage the flight of U.S. capital to foreign banks offering higher rates. The President said these two strategies bolstered by additional savings in overseas government expenditures would add $2 billion to the "plus" side of the payments ledger during the next 18 months. Girl snatches president's handkerchief 2500 students run wild in mass rush on Kennedy WASHINGTON (UPD-A crowd of 2,560 foreign students ran wild on the White House lawn today in an over-enthusiastic rush to get close to President Kennedy. One girl grabbed the handkerchief from the President's breast pocket and a boy snatched his tie clasp in the melee. "That's two from our bus that got something," the girl proudly announced as others in the crowd surged forward toward the President on his way back to his office from where he greeted them. Kennedy, looking a little wilted but still smiling, got to his office without physical mishap, but one police lieutenant suffered hypertension as a result of the mob scene in the stifling summer heat. Several other officers had neck ties tern from them and a Secret Service agent even lost a shoe for a time in their efforts to protect the President—as well as the prized boxwood hedge, the flowers and the blue grass lawn of the garden which adjoined the area. ^Vhite House policemen, their white shirts soaked with perspiration, had to line up on the porch outside Kennedy's office to prevent the students from pushmg tlirough to that forbidden area. Kennedy had greeted the teenagers jokingly as "not the quietest group that has come to visit us." But he moved them to silence in a stirring speech during which he urged them, when they returned home, to work for peace. friendship and "a fair chance for all." He said if they, as future leaders of their countries, could prevent war "you will be the most remarkable generation in history." The President, after speaking, walked to the students who were massed behind a roped-off area. Within seconds bedlam broke loose. Tne boys and gu-ls, almost all of whom carried cameras and wanted close-up shots as well as handshakes and autographs, broke through the ropes and swarmed around Kennedy. Secret Service agents and White House policemen formed a ring around the President and protected him from being crushed, tak ing the brunt of the good-natured but rough assault. Neckties were torn from several officers. A Secret Service agent wound up without a shoe but he retrieved it later. .And Police Lt. Edward J. Tehan. who has had heart trouble in the past, was almost overcome by the excitment and the heat. White House physician George Berkley attended to Teehan. The officer was reported to have recovered promptly from what was described as hypertension. The foreign students, from 56 countries, have been in the United States for the past year on exchange scholarships under auspices of the American Field Service. They lived with American families in 2.500 communities around the nation. Kennedy says Red China, Moscow may reverse Not violating pledge Temperatures and precipitation for the 24-hour period ended at 4 a.m. High Low Pree. Boston Chicago Denver Fairbanks Fort Worth Helena Honolulu Kansas City Las Vegas Los Angeles Minneapolis New York Oklahoma City Palm Springs Sacramento Salt Lake City San Francisco SeatUe Washington 85 72 84 74 95 58 63 49 99 76 76 52 87 75 93 78 102 78 82 65 88 65 92 77 96 74 110 — 85 57 100 58 63 54 72 -ya 94 74 T. 24 .02 Brown signs gasoline tax increase measure SACRAJIENTO (UPI) — Gov. Edmund G. Brown today signed a bill raising the state gasoline ta.\ from sbc to seven-cents a gallon. Brown signed the measure at the end of an hour long hearing designed to answer his question: "If I sign this bill, will I be violating my campaign-pledge" against higher state taxes this year? The answer, presented by a roomfull of legislators, local and state government officials was "not really." Increas* Nets $70 Million The tax increase would become effective next October. With a 19 per cent increase in truck weight fees it would raise about $70 million for the benefit of county roads and city streets. The bill would also permit county boards of supervisors to raise motor vehicle license fees by 25 per cent and use the money for mass rapid transit It is estimated that the provision would collect $15 million annually in Los Angeles alone. Bro»vn made the tax pledge dur ing his campaign against Richard M. NLvon last fall. As late as April 11 he repeated. "I promised the people of California that there would be no new or mereased taxes this year. I will keep that promise." Brown Takes Hard Look However, Brown also said that he would take a "hard look" at the measure because "I feel so strcmgly that the Los Angeles and other areas need some form of mass rapid transit." Assemblyman Jesse M. Unruh, D-Inglewood, and other supporters of the bill have lu-ged the governor's signature, saying the measure did not actually provide a state tax increase. "Every penny will go back to local interests," Unnih said. However, Brown himself has called the bill "new taxes" and "a violation of my pledge." The levy, he said at a news conference May 11, would be "that much more money out of the pockets of the ta.\payers." Revolt in Syria appears to have been crushed BEIRUT, Lebanon (UPI)—An armed revolution, apparently by both civilian and military rebels, was launched against the Syrian government in Damascus early Wednesday while the nation's leaders were abroad. Indications tonight were that the revolt had been crushed. Heavy street fighting broke out in Damascus as the rebels, in eluding a group of discharged military conunanders, staged their attempted coup just after Revolutionary Council President Louai Attassi flew to Cairo for talks on the controversial new United Arab Republic. At the same time Syrian Premier Salah Bitar was absent in Baghdad. Reports reaching here tonight indicated the uprising had been smashed by army tanks operating under cover of Soviet-Built MIG jet fighters of the Syrian air force. Messages intercepted here before Damascus Radio went oft the air indicated there had been casualties in street fighting. But with a communications blackout and the borders of Syria sealed, details were lacking. Baghdad Radio, in neighboring Iraq, broadcast a communique it said was issued by the "deputy military governor in Syria," claiming that the attempted army coup had been put down. WASHINGTON (UPI) - President Kennedy says he is not at all certain the dispute between Russia and Red China has passed the point of no return. "Quite obviously there are strong indications of pressure, he said at a news conference Wednesday, but premature opinions would be foolish "because history has shown that they are frequently reversed." The President was cautiously optimistic on the possibility of reaching at least a limited nuclear test ban agreement with Russia and said this should be possible — if at all — without a summit meeting. He added, however, that he would be ready to consider a session with Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev if the "situation" became such that it was "essentia! to the making of an effective agreement." Kennedy sought to reassure U.S. congressmen and NATO allies that the American mission negotiating with the Russians and British in Moscow would not make any secret deals or fatal concessions. He noted that any test ban agreement which might emerge from tho Moscow negotiations being carried on by Under Seae- tary of State W. Averell Harriman would have to be approved by the Senate. The NATO Allies. Kennedy added, could be certain no deals affecting their "rights and interests" would be made in Moscow and they would be fully filled in on any discussion of European subjects which might be going on there. This obviously meant the United States would not give Khrushchev any assurance, one way or the other, on the non-aggression pact between NATO and the Communist Warsaw Pact coun tries wliich the Soviet leader wants. Kennedy said the first three days of the Moscow talks had been "businesslike" and he was "still hopeful" of securing a test ban treaty, at least one prohibiting atmospheric, land and under water blasts — which can be detected afar without on-site inspection. Po/ice breofr up siWn of Chicago scAoo/ office By United Press International Police broke up an eight-day-old sit-in demonstration at the Chicago Board of Education offices today which Wednesday night sparked a clash between Negroes and police. About 30 policemen entered the offices and bodily carried nine persons down a freight elevator and into waiting paddy wagons. They were charged with unlawful assembly and criminal trespass. The demonstrators, who began their sit-in July 10, had hoped to force a special meeting of the board lo put new district boundary rules into effect and eliminate alleged segregation. In another racial hotspot, Cambridge, JIaryland, Negro leaders agreed early today to let the Maryland Bar Association mediate the dispute. A clash flared in one North Carolina city Wednesday night, but desegregation moved quietly in two others. The Forsyth (Winston-Salem) County Bar Association announced it had admitted nine Negro lawj-ers and a Negro student. Mrs. William Gamble, became the first member of her race to attend Greensboro College in the 125-year historj- of the Methodist- affiliated school. National Guardsmen, called to Cambridge to preserve the peace. Wednesday night arrested six white men who attacked soldiers, reporters and photographers in a melee outside an armory- Police stepped between rock- throwing groups of whites and Negroes Wednesday night at Thomasville. N.C., and dispersed the crowds with threats of arrest. The crowds of about 150 persons each had gathered outside the Thomasville city hall where 68 Negroes were being booked for physically blocking the entrance to a segregated theater. Negroes held peaceful mass rallies Wednesday night at Charleston, S.C., where almost 200 police officers guarded against a recur rence of racial violence, and Sa vannah, Ga., where city council Wednesday banned all marches during the "state of severe racial unrest." Elsewhere in the nation: Danville, Va. — Integrationists threatened city officials of Chatham with "non-violent" war unless eight racial demonstrators were released from jail by the first of next week. Montgomery, Ala. — Gov. George Wallace said he would propose to the Alabama legislature bills providing for "segregation by color and sex" in public school classrooms. Jaekson, Miss. — A circuit judge was to hear motions today in the case of Byron De La Beckwith, accused slayer of Negro leader Jfedgar Evers. The state has asked that Beckwith be given mental tests. Washington — President Kennedy Wednesday said a planned march by 100,000 Negroes in the nation's capital next month is in the American tradition of liberty. But he warned against "demonstrations that could lead to violence." Chinese, Soviet delegates in recess Discrimination banned in state hiring - As- Tests stability of X15 EDWARDS AFB. Calif. (UPI) —Air Force Maj. Bob Rushworth deliberately crippled the Xl5 at more than five times the speed of sound today by shutting off all its automatic stability controls. The purpose of the test was to determine the "natural stability" of the Xl5 without electronic instruments and how well Rushworth could fly the rocket ship manually under such a fiaodicap. The simulated control system breakdown caused the X15 to lapse into yawing, a side-to-side motion, but the Air Force test pilot was able to maintam bis course. Rushworth switched off the controls inunediately after "buraout" of his S7,000-pound thrust engine on the way up to a peak altitude of 20 miles. He felt the system off for the remainder of his flight back to his test center. Happy birthday ANAHEIM (UPI) - Disneyland celebrated its eighth birthday today as one of the world's great tourist attractions. Disney's magic kingdom has drawn 36,700,000 visitors since its gates opened July 18, 1955. Sen. Goldwater says debate may cause disunity NEW YORK (UPI) —The governor of New York said yes, but the senator from Arizona declined the offer on grounds that it might contribute to disunity in the Republican party. And so Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller and Sen. Barry Goldwater will not be swapping opions in what now ranks as one of the nation's most popular political sideshows: The television debate. At least not for a while. The two leadmg contenders for the 1964 GOP presidential nomination were invited by the Columbia Broadcasting System to spend an hour of air time discussing one of their favorite subjects: The role of the Republican party in next year's election. The first response Wednesday came from Goldwater's office, which said the senator "does not intend to engage in any television programs or other activity which will have the effect of contributing to disunity in the Republican party." The telegram turning down the invitation was signed by Tony Smith, Goldwater's press secretary. Later in'the^daylt was learned that Rockefeller and Goldwater, known to be in disagreement on many party issues, can't even agree on how they might disagree. Rockefeller, expressing regrets because Goldwater declined the offer to debate, said he felt such a television exchange would help rather than harm the Republicans. S.ACR,AME.MTO (UPI) semblyman Charles W.Meyers, D-San Francisco, has announced Gov. Edmund G. Brown's signing of a bill he said elinunates "the last vestige of racial and religious discrimination" from state government personnel policies. Meyers said Tuesday the bill, which he authored, prohibits discrimination on the basis of "sex. race, religious creed, color, national origin, ancestry or marital status" in state jobs. He said the bill puts California "in the first rank of 'equal opportunity employers.'" MOSCOW (UPI) — Chinese and Soviet delegates did not show up for talks on their worsening ideological dispute today, indicating another recess had been called in the conference. There was no announcement, but newsmen waiting outside the conference site in a villa on the outskirts of Moscow said neither delegation arrived. The usual pattern of the talks has been one day off and one day on, and talks were held Wednesday. Western observers beh'eved the talks were near an end, and that the departure of the Peking delegation could be expected any day. Diplomats said it is China's turn to make the next move in the public attacks that have accompanied the talks, gaining in bitterness as the conference progressed. The last attack of major proportions came from Russia. In a 25,000-word statement published in Sunday's Pravda. it accused Peking of being a racist power intent on war and determined to split the Communist camp. (China's replies have been only indirect, but a blast of full force was expected soon to answer the Pravda charges. (Today, Peking Radio, monitored in Tokyo, made clear to its listeners the contrast between 1 Soviet warmth toward the West- em nuclear negotiators in Moscov; and the snubs against the Chinese. (It quoted extensively from Western reports of the friendly reception given the allies. The point was clearly, although indirectly, made that Prernier Nikita Khrushchev was jovial with British and American officials and cold to the equally important Chinese negotiators. (It warned that the United States' aim was to "poison Soviet- Chinese relations," implying that Khrushchev was too gullible to realize this.) Douglas shews profit S.ANTA MONICA (UPD-Dougl- as Aircraft Co. recorded a net profit of 83 cents a share for the second quarter of 1963, U.S., Mexico announce frade encfs /and dispufe EL PASO, Texas (UPI)-Settlement of the century-old Chamizal dispute between the United States and Mexico will be announced today. United Press In temational has learned. The announcement that will transfer the area to Mexico will be made by President Kennedy in Washington and by Mexican President Adolfo Lopez Mateos in Mexico City. The U.S. is expected to give up most of the Chamizal to Mexico m return for Cordova Island, a Mexico-owned river island that juts 20 blocks into EI Paso. Negotiators have been worMng out details of the settlement since the President and Lopez Mateos discussed the situation when Kennedy visited Mexico City Jmie 29, 1962. The Chamizal — Spanish for thicket — is a section of land left on the north side of the Bio Grande when the river changed channels in 1852. It is now heavily populated and contains several schools. El Paso's only meat packing plant and a number of small business. The 630 acres in the Chamizal have been estimated to be worth as much as $20 million. Approximately 4,000 persons live there. Former El Paso Mayor Ralph Setisinger proposed July 19, 1962 that a new channel be dredged in the Rio Grande. He said at that time that a settlement was near. He said U.S. property owners would get about S35 million in payment for the land turned over to Mexico. In 1911 an impartial boundary commission recommended the land be turned back to Mexico. The United States refused to accept the recommendation. Setisinger conferred with U.S. Ambassador to Mexico Thomas C. Mann and with Joseph Friedkin of El Paso, of the U.S. International Water and Boundary Conmiission on the Chamizal a year ago. The area, comprising 60 blocks, includes four elementary schools, one high school and a government housing project. The settlement was expected to give Mexico a net gain of 437 acres, with 193 acres of Mexican- owned Cordova Island reverting back to the U.S.
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