The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on November 29, 1981 · Page 19
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 19

Salina, Kansas
Issue Date:
Sunday, November 29, 1981
Page 19
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Pag* 10 The Salina Journal — Sunday, November 29,1961 The Kansas Immigrant Series - 4 MICROWAVE COOKING FAST AND EASY Failure of a Jewish farm colony MODJL JBT10B MICROWAVE OVEN • Time Cooking controlled by 99-mlnute digital timer • Temperature Cooking using the MlcroThermometer'" Temperature Probe • Temp Hold • Hold/Timer • 10 Power Levels • 1.3 cu. ft. capacity Reg. $549 $ Now 399 GE brings good things to life. Sharon Lucas Will Conduct A MICROWAVE Mon., Nov. 30 6:30-8:30 PM PRESLEY Appliance & TV, Inc. 239 N. Santa Fe 827-9637 Use Our Credit Plan After a visit to a Jewish farming colony on the Kansas plains in 1883, the representative of the Hebrew United Agricultural Society of Cincinnati seemed confident of the farming abilities of the new Jewish immigrants. The colony, Beersheba, was established by Russian Jewish immigrants in the summer of 1882 under the direction of the Hebrew Society. "... the Great question in which we all take such lively interest — 'Can Jews become successful farmers?' is virtually solved by our Beersheba colony," wrote the official. "That the Jewish race can become again an agricultural people is established beyond any reasonable doubt. We have the satisfaction of knowing that our colony is a grand success, and an honor and glory to our cause ...." During their first year the colonists dug wells and built sod houses. They also built a sod synagogue, which may have doubled as a schoolhouse, and held services in it every Saturday and on special holidays. Prayers and dances "The synagogue was a long building dug in the bank of the creek about 50 feet long. It was in rooms and I think they used one to dance in when there was a wedding. 1 remember being there to several of these affairs. When there was a wedding everyone was welcome," recalled A. J. Meyers, an early resident of the area. The colony's religious leader was Rabbi Edelhertz, a tall, square-shouldered man who carried himself erect and walked with his hands clasped in front of him. His appearance was distinguished by his carefully trimmed beard, skull cap, and long robe. The colony also had a superintendent named Baum. Appointed by the sponsors in Cincinnati, Baum was a stern taskmaster. Even though the colonists were at first unruly, they became docile under Baum's leadership. "Baum was a very tall man and walked very straight and proud and they all seemed to be afraid of him," Meyers recalled. The future of Beersheba looked promising in the spring of 1883. The settlers got along well with the farmers in the area, who welcomed the settlers as allies in their conflict with the cattlemen, who drove their stock along a major trail nearby. "There are several Americans settled in the immediate neighborhood. These gentlemen speak of our colonists in terms of highest praise. These neighbors have always done all in their power to assist with their advice," reported the official from Cincinnati. The cattle trail played a role in Beer- sbeba's eventuall decline, although the colonists had no direct conflict with the cattlemen. In the spring of 1884, the settlers leased part of their land to a company that wanted to enlarge the trail. They did not seek permission from the leaders in Cincinnati and the sponsors were enraged at this show of willful independence. To punish the colonists, superintendent Baum was ordered to sell all of their livestock and implements. Charles K. Davis, a native of Cincinnati who had accompanied the group to Kansas two years earlier, bitterly protested the cruelty and injustice of the sponsor's action. He argued that the neighboring farmers had also agreed to the transaction and that the colonists were left with plenty of land to cultivate. His pleas went unheard. With no means to work the land, settlers began to leave Beersheba. Some returned to their claims when they had saved up enough to buy a few cows and horses. However, by January 1886, there was little left of the colony. Beersheba's failure was due to a variety of causes. The settlers lacked farming experience, they were plagued by high interest rates and a harsh climate, and the colony was located 20 miles from the nearest railroad. Needed freedom The attitude of the Cincinnati sponsors toward the immigrants also contributed to its failure. Impatient to have a well-ordered showplace, they did not provide the immigrant farmers with money, up-to-date advice on farming, sophisticated machinery or the freedom to make their own decisions. Possibly the colonists would have naturally gravitated into other occupa- ~ V ^^rr we L £ presents $500,000.00 GEMSTONE SHOW and SALE Monday, November 30, 1981 Vernon Jewelers is pleased to announce that a representative from a major gemstone company will be in our store for one day only! All common and many unique and rare gemstones will be shown. Individual stones values range from $10.00 to $20,000.00. Tsavotite Malaya Garnet Grosular Garnett Tanzanite Ruby Spinel Emerald Sapphire Opal Rhodolite Blue Topaz Imperial Topaz Aquamarine Amethyst Alexandrite Tourmaline Kunzite Peridot Zircon Show Hours 9:30 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. Security guards on premises. U/CL £ RS Sauna's Reliable Credit Jewelers 123 N. Santa Fe 825-0531 SHOP THE STORES WITH THE BIG "D" ON THE DOOR tions. During the last year of the colony's existence, several of the settlers had, in fact, gone into business in the nearby town of Ravanna. Eventually most of these businessmen and other colonists settled in urban areas such as Dodge City, Wichita, and Kansas City. However, Rabbi Edelhertz, the religious leader of the colony, remained in the Beersheba area. Perhaps he had become attached to the country. A man who grew up in Hodgeman County recalled what his father knew about the rabbi's love for the land: "He was intoxicated with the beauty of the prairies, sunrises, and sunsets, and the acres and acres of beautiful flowers. He would sit on the bank of Pawnee Creek at night and commune with nature and the stars." * -ff -tr The Kansas Immigrant Series was produced by the University of Kansas Division of Continuing Education and KANU radio with support from the Kansas Committee for the Humanities, National Public Radio, and the National Endowment for the Humanities. To obtain program cassettes or a bound copy of the articles in the Series, write: Immigrants, Independent Study, Continuing Education Building, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045. OFF WITH IT* Firm up the fun way Aerobic Exercise class Monday & Wednesday 5:30 & 6:30 For more Information call Eve at 827*1649 SAVE 50% to 70% ON ALL CARPET REMNANTS & ROLL ENDS A New Store In Town THE REM SHOP Broadway & Hageman Open Sunday 1 to 5 Send your news tip to The Salina Journal, $45 in prizes every week. The Auction House Sale Every Wednesday Evening. 304 E. Pacific, Salina 913-827-9347 Lonnle Wilson Large Assortment Plushes, Saxonys, Sculptured Shags, Commercial Kitchen Prints Also Vinyl Remnants -IN STOCK- Original PERSIAN Designs AREA RUGS Imported From Spain-First Quality 100% Wool At Greatly Reduced Prices CHOOSE and CUT Your Own LIVE Christmas TREE! 1700 EMt Crawford St. (Across the bridge on Crawford) Full Lines Of Carpet, Vinyl & Ceramic L & C Floorcovering REM SHOP Lee Rutz, Owner OpenMon.-FrI.9to6, Sat. 9 to 4, Sun. 1 to 5 CALL 825-7890 Dresses Misses 4-18 1/2 Sizes 14 2 -20 2 One Special Group Coordinates Misses 6-18 Selected Group pants, jackets skirts and blouses 30° 0 OFF (not all ftock Included In thlt group) WinteraJls! cozy pantyhose and panties all-in-one NOW IN PROGRESS 20% OFF NOW $ 3 20 (While Supplies Last) Regularly $4.00 Cricket Shop: for Juniors Selected Group Junior Sizes 5-13 Dresses 30% +J\f OFF Junior Sizes 5-13 Corduroy Blazers were $45 to $76 30% %P VOFI 0 OFF Downtown (All Sales Final) 104 North Santa Fe

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