Leads possible GOP ticket Kennedy holding his own in public opinion polls By PETER EDSON WASHINGTON - (NEA) - Is it true, as some are saying, that fewer than half of the American people are in favor of the policies President Kennedy is advocating? Not if the current public opinion polls accurately reflect public opinion. Recent copyrighted polls taken by George Gallup's American Institute of Public Opinion give Kennedy a 61 per cent popularity rating. While this is his low score to date — a 15 per cent drop in the first si.i: months of 1963 and a 22 per cent plunge from his all- time high in 1961 — it still doesn't indicate that more than half the people oppose his policies. Popularity polls undoubtedly reflect news trends. If the news is good, the rating goes up. If the news is bad, the rating comes down. This is true, it seems, whether the president is Democrat or a Republican. For example, the low point for President Eisenhower — a popularity rating of 49 per cent — came in January ID.iS at the depth of the depression. But when his Summit conference in September 1955 offered hope of a Berlin solution, his rating jumped up to 79 per cent — a peak equaled only after his reelection in 1956. Similarly, a large factor in Kennedy's low score of 61 per cent in the most recent Gallup poll seems to be southern opposition to his civil rights program. The south gave him an approval rating of only 33 per cent, compared to 71 per cent approval outside Ihe South. Curiously, when a prcsidehnt is in deep international trouble, hisj popular support is apt to go up. i Eisenhower's rating soared from! 62 to 71 per cent in June 1960, after the U-2 was shot down over Russia and the second Summit conference blew up in Paris. Similarly, Kennedy's all-time high of 83 per cent came after the Cuban invasion fiasco in April 1961. The Kennedy rating stayed above the 70 per cent mark through his first two years in office — a record. At the end of 19G1, it was 78 per cent. At the end of 19G2. after the forced withdrawal of Russian missiles from Cuba and the 1962 elections in which Democrats made big congressional gains, it was 76 per cent. Lack of action on Kennedy's pro' gram in Congress may be partly responsible for his sharp drop in popularity rating in the first half of 1963. The surprising thing in Kennedy's poll ratings is that he still shows as favorite over the leading Republican possibilities to run against him in 1964. In the Gallup poll made at the end of June, Kennedy and Johnson were favored for re-election over a hynothetical ticket of Gov. Nelson Rockefeller and Sen. Barry Goldv.ater by a vole of 56 to 38 per cent. This may be a little tricky, for the pollsters' question was asked in such a way that Rockefeller was put at the head of the ticket. Only in the South did the Republican ticket fair better — 47 per cent to 45 per cent for the Democrats. Such figures seem to indicate Kennedy's slipping personal pop- ilarity has not vitally affected his standing against his mot likely 1964 opponents. Special deer hunts, sure to start an argument SACRA.MENTO (UPI)—There's probably no easier way to start a fish and game argument than to mention special deer hunts The idea of killing young mothers—even if they are only four-legged animals—doesn't set too well with some persons. But even a bigger objection is that for every doc killed, another potential fawn — and possibly a buck — is eliminated. On the other side of the fence are those who maintain that the special hunts keep the herds in balance. They claim the deer would (lie from natural causes anyway so they may as well be taken by sportsmen. This theory is part of the state Fish and Game Department's "Game Management Policy." For this year, twenty-nine ant- Icrless and either-se.\ deer hunts have been authorized by the Fish and Game Commission. That's 10 less than the number the department recommended and si.\ under Ihe total held last year. The department asked that permits be issued for 16.330 deer, but the commission saw fit to allow the is.-;uancc of only 9.890 special tags. The history of these special hunts in California goes back to 1949, when a doe shoot was held on Catalina Island. Since then hundreds have been staged. Whether they have accomplished their staled purpose — to provide healthier herds and more outdoor recreation — is open to debate. Wallace MacGrcgor, a DFG official who works closely with the game management problem, says there's no doubt the special hunts have given sportsmen more utilization of the outdoors. "But whether they have bene fitted the deer herds is another question," he says. "In some cases they have, in others they haven't." The reason the program has been only partially successful, according to MacGregor and other state officials, is that it never really has gotten off the ground. Thirty-six boards of supervisors have the power to veto proposed special hunts in their counties. And even many sportsmen still are not convinced the hunts are sound. In some areas, especially in extreme Northern California, there is heavy opposition. The Legislature also is split on the subject. A.ssemblywoman Pauline Davis, D-Portola, chairman of the Assembly Fish and Game Committee, is strongly opposed to special hunts, or even the shooting of forked horn bucks. Meanwhile. Sen. Ronald Cameron, D-Aubum, who also is chairman of his house's fish and game committee, supports the state's policy, which the department summed up like this in its 1963 report on game management: "Female fawns are produced in about equal numbers to males and therefore there is a surplus of females over the number required for breeding slock replacement. These surplus deer are lost from natural causes if hunters do not take them. The controlled take of antlerless deer by hunters reduces the overall adult deer population during the winter months which is the most critical period for forage. As a result there is proportionately more feed available for the remaining deer. This reduces natural mortality during the winter, results in a healthier herd, and more yearlings survive through the winter." ] I Redlands Daily Focts Tuesday, July 16. m - 7 Challenges Soviet Union China attains status of a world power JEWEL OF A PICTURE, TOO—Girl divers in a cultured pearl fishery at Shima, Mie Pre- feature, Japan, complete a picture as delicate as a Japanese print as they prepare for their unusual tasks in'harvesting. Jane Fonda a rare comntodity in Hollywood By VERNON SCOTT UPI Hollywood Correspondent HOLL•i'^VOOD (UPI) - Jane Fonda is the kissingest actress in town. Within a few minutes she kissed her hair stylist, an assistant director, her co-star Rod Taylor and even me! There wasn't any special occasion. It wasn't anyone's birthday. And as far as I know Jane isn't in love with any of the people she bussed. Sitting in her dressing room at M-G-M preparing for a scene in her new movie Jane looked as pretty as a picture of well, of Jane Fonda. But then one is prejudiced after one has been kissed by Jane. She's that kind of a kisser. Between smacks it was dis MARS • OCT. 10, 1960 • OCT. 14, 1960 • OCT. 24, 1962 • NOV. 1, 1962 (Passed within 7,000 miles of Mars but radio was dead.) • NOV. 4, 1962 (Failed to escape earth orbit, broke Opart in atmosphere.) YENUS • FEB. 4, 1961 (Failed to escape earth orbit, burned up in atmosphere.) • FEB. 12, 1961 (Radio failed after two weeks.) • AUG; 25, 1962 (Broke apart.) • SEPT. 1, 1962 (Broke oport.) • 5EPT. 12, 1962 MOON • JAN. 4, 1963 (Foiled to escape earth orbitO • February, 1963 (Fell into Pacific Ocean.) • APR. 2, 1963 (Missed moon by $,300 miles.) RUBLES, ROCKETS AND REGRETS — Russia has goofed 13 straight times in attempts to send rockets to the moon. Mars and Venus—according to the nation's largest space society, the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. The Sonets' last spectacular was photographing the back of the moon in 1959. Since then they have vainly sent five instrument packages toward Mars, five toward Venus and three toward the moon. The majority never got out of earth orbit; a few would have been successful had their radios not failed. Most of the shots were never announced or acknowledged by the Soviets. Sketch above lists these 13 attempts and their fates, if known. The AIAA report was based on an analysis by a member of the Rand Corp., the Air Force's "think factory," and other sources. Jane Fonda closed that Jane is that rare commodity in Hollywood these days, an e.xciting young actress who can handle important roles in big pictures. There aren't many such. Natalie Wood and Lee Remick are about the only other really established young actresses (in their twenties) available. Doris Day, Liz Taylor, Audrey Hepburn and the others have moved up into the 30s, leaving the younger generation bereft of glamor girls, unless you count Sandra Dee, Tuesday Weld and Deborah Walley. Why the shortage? "Because in the days when women became big stars each studio had 30 or -10 girls under contract, and two or three of them were built to stardom," Jane said, having no one to kiss at the moment. "Xow no such filler exists, and there is no full force of a studio pushing a girl to stardom. "It's a matter of luck today. There are plenty of young girls who could be stars, but the opportunity isn't there anymore. You almost have to be a star when you walk onto a lot or nobody will talk to you." Jane can't claim that her beauty and talent are pure luck. But neither did she kiss her way to stardom inasmuch as there is no record of her having kissed any producers—just hair stylists, actors, assistant directors and newsmen. Kissing people like that may lead to trouble, but not stardom. Jane is an ebullient girl, high spirited and e.xciting. She is extraordinarily beautiful and blessed with a perfect figure. These attributes, plus a family trait for acting, make her greatly sought atcr for movie roles. So far she has starred in sLx pictures, four Broadway plays and one television show. 'They offer Natalie Wood and me the same parts," she said between scenes of "Sunday in New By PHIL NEWSOM UPI Foreign News Anafysf China always has had "bigness." Now it has "organized bigness." Prof. Choh-Ming Li, chairman of the center for Chinese studies at the University of California, has drawn up a balance sheet of Red Chinese achievements and concludes that "China has attained for the first time in modem history the status of a world power." "It has," he notes in the current issue of Challenge magazme "extended its political and econ omic influence to as far away as Cuba in the Western Hemisphere, Albania in Eastern Europe, Guinea and Ghana in Africa, not to mention the Chinese military adventures in the Far East and Southeast J ^sia." And it is from this position of strength that Red China now challenges the Soviet Union and Nikita Khrushchev for leader ship of the Communist world, despite serious and continuing problems at home. Economic Study Professor Li's study is primarily economic. He notes that Red China reached its present status both with the help of its military pact with the Soviet Union and through effective political control of the people. But the chief contributing factor, he believes, was Red China's industrialization which enabled her to more than quadruple productive capacity in the years from 1954 through 1958, enhancing her military might. This was the "great leap forward" which in 1958 merged with the rural communes. The communes were to do for agriculture what already was being done industrially. But mismanagement, three years of drought and a miscal culation of the effects of human nature reversed the great leap forward which then became the "great fall backward." Forced Into Market China was forced into the world market to buy grains, to restore private plots to the peasants and permit a limited amount of capitalism. This year, with the help of the private plots, grain production is reported about back to the 1958 level. Industrially, other reports say the Chinese still are having trouble. Steel production last year may have been about half of the peak York." "And sometimes I'm offered roles that Audrey Hepburn turns down." She was about to say more when another member of the crew barged into her dressing and collected a kiss. It was enough to make you wish every studio had 30 or 40 Jane Fondas. of 18 million tons reported in 1960. A shortage of coal is said to have reduced all heavy industry to about 60 per cent of capacity. But with all her difficulties. Red China has neither eased up on her dispute with the Soviet Union nor slowed her economic offensive abroad. Extended Trade Relations Professor Li points out that since \95i. Red China has established trade relations with more than 80 countries outside the Commiuiist bloc. She has, moreover, extended economic grants, technical assistance and low-interest, long- term loans to such countries as Albania, Cuba. Hungary, Mongolia, North Korea and North Vietnam in the Communist bloc, plus Algeria, Burma, Ghana and a half dozen others on the outside. Furthermore, these commitments have increased steadily- "In fact," Professor Li concludes, "internal stress and difficulties may impel Communist China to become bolder and more aggressive in its external relations." Forest Service establishes new wild area The U.S. Forest Service has now established a new 62.561 acre wild area on the Kern Plateau of the Sequoia National Forest. It will be known as the Dome Lands Wild Area. The new wild area is located at the south end of the Kern Plateau in the southern Sierra Nevada in Tulare and Kern Counties. It lies about 70 miles east of Bakersfield along the south fork of the Kern River and includes tile country sloping to the east of the Church Dome Divide and the inaccessible "roughs" of the South Fork Kern River south of Rockhouse Jleadows. Elevations range from 3,000 to 9.000 feet. Main attractions of the area are the large granite domes which dominate the scenery. Press for report on poison gas LONDON (UPI) — The Britsh government will press the United Nations for an early report on allegations the United Arab Republic used poison gas in the Yemen, Lord Privy Seal Edward Health said Jlonday. He told the House of Commons the government has called attention to such reports and that U.N. Secretary General Thant has ordered an investigation. After Macmillan, who? Two Lords, two Commoners line up MAUDLLXG, BUTLER, LORDS HAILSHAM AND HOME: The rules are being changed. By TOM A. CULLEN Newspaper Enterprise Assn. LONDON — INEA) — WiUi the resignation of Harold Macmillan, 69, as prime minister now a vir tual certainty, the only questions remaining to be decided are when and how be will go from office and who his successor will be.] The answers will not long be delayed, for the British have a horror of political instability such as France knew before President de Gaulle came to power, and such as Italy is now experiecing. Some believe that Macmillan will resign shortly: others say that He will wait until the end of summer in the hopes that the John Profumo-Christine Keller scandal will have blown over. But Macmillian's resignation will have to come sooo, if his successor is to lead the Conservative party successfully in the coming general election campaign, all here are agreed. The successor will need time to reconstruct the government and to build up a winning image in the eyes of the electorate. A majority of Britons feel that Macmillan should go now, according to the latest public opinion polls. Seventy-one per cent of those polled say that Macmillan should either retire, or call a general election to test his leadership. Only 23 per cent believe that be should carrj- on. Meanwhile, there is feverbh speculation here as to who Macmillan's successor will be, with Reginald Maudling, R. A. Butler, Lord Hailsham and Lord Home as the leading contenders. Butler, 60, is the senior minister in line for the job, but many Conservatives feel that he is too old. What is needed is a young, vigorous leader like Reginald Maulding, 46, who is the present Chancellor of the Exchequer, they argue. Age and the fact that both of them are peers would seem to rule out both Lord Home, 59 and Lord Hailsham, 36. Legislation which would permit peers to renounce their titles is now being rushed through the House of Commons, and thds might make it possible for Lord Hailsham to lead the Conservatives as plain Quln- tin Hogg, which was his name before he became a viscount. At the moment, Maudling, a fam ily man of great personal charm and intellectual dynamism, has the edge in the leadership sweepstakes. Although the British prime min ister is given greater powers than the president of the United States, he is neither elected directly, nor is he du-ectly accountable to British voters. He holds power by virtue of a rather mystical principle known as "leadership by consent." He remains leader as long as he enjoys the confidence of his colleagues in Parliament and of the party organization outside. If the leader falters, or if confidence in his ability to rule and to win electiwis is shaken, as has happened in Macmillan's case, then he is brutally thrust aside. Once a majority of Conservative Members of Parliament agree on a new leader the pressure on Macmillan to resign vnO. become irresistible. Once Macmillan has yielded to this pressure, the Queen will call upon the new leader to form a government. What is surprising is the number of Conservative prime ministers that have been forced out of office by their colleagues. Of the eight Tory leaders of this century only two. Lord Salisbury and Stanley Badwin, were entirely free to choose their moment of departure. Three Tory leaders — Balfour, Austen and Neviiit Chamberlam — were driven from office. Two others, Churchill and Eden, were under some pressure to retire when they quit office. The eighth, Bonar Law, was dying of cancer when he retired. "The fact is," said Disraeli in 1373, in words which are equally true of his successors, "that the Conservative- party can get rid of my services whenever they give me the intimation that they so desire." That inimation can be given in several ways. In the case of Neville Chamberlain, it took the lorm of a disastrous drop in his government's parliamentary majority. In the confidence vote of May 8, 1340, the government's majority, normally more than 200 votes over all other parties, fell to 81 votes. Thirty-three Tory MPs actually voted with the Labor opposition, after which it became clear that Chamberlain must "in the name of God" go. In the case of Harold Macmillan nothing so drastic is expected to happen. JIacmillan was given the intimation that he must go when 27 Conservative MPs abstained from the vote of conCd^ ence in his handling of the Pro- fumo affair. He will go at the party's convenience.
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