Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland on January 3, 1949 · Page 4
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Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 4

Cumberland, Maryland
Issue Date:
Monday, January 3, 1949
Page 4
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FOUR Evening & Sunday Times rQ ie Ximid Every Afternoon <«cept Sunday) and Sunday M«nlnt. Published by The Timej and Allecanlan Company, 1~S '• Souti MecSanlo street, Cumberland, Md. mured at th> Postotllce »t CumbsrUnd, Md.. as Second Clats Matter. Member of the Audit Bureau. ol Clroulatlon Member ol tho Associated Press Telephone 4800 WMklJ .ubscrtptlon nt« • by Cnrrl»n: One week Bv«. onlj. 3°e: Erenlnt Times per copy, »c; Eve. i: sun. Time*. 40a per week: Suntf.y Times only, loc oer copy. Mull subscription rates on application. Th. Evenlne Times and Sunday Times awumi no Hnan- ctal re«pDiuH>lllty tor typosraphlcal error. In advcrtl.e- me itt. but will reprint that part o: an advertisement In "hJei the typographical error occurs- Errors mu.t be reported at once. • ' Monday Afternoon, January. 3,'1949 EVENING TIMES, CUMBERLAND, MD.,' MONDAY, JANUARY 3, 1949 Phone 4600 For a WANT AD Taker By H. T. WEBSTER Tris Coffin OUR COUNTRY Tfit union of hearts, the union ol hands : and the Flay of our Union hrr/tr—Morm. Questions For 1949 NEW YEAR'S resolutions are made by individuals not by nations and their gov- emm'ents. So all of the New Year's -Day stock-taking cannot change the tide of international events." The tide Hows on . as usual, still carrying on its crest the great question of -war or. peace. A' year- has gone by since the last change of date on the calendar, but the question remains the same. The only difference is that 1949 brings us closer to an unknown day of climax and resolution. Five years ago It was said that Russia -would not have an ' atomic bomb "until 1950." Since then it has been said that if war comes it will not come until 1950 or 1952 or 1955. Five years ago those dates seemed safely remote. Now they .are almost upon us.' 'It is impossible to prophesy what will happen 'in 1949 to decide the great question one way or the other, though some will try it. Even speculation must be cautious. EUROPE 'SHOULD advance farther toward normal life with our help. The 'Palestine war. should end in agreement. They should, but will they? What will . happen in China? Will the Berlin blockade be raised? " What does the outbreak of rightist uprisings in South America portend? Above all, what change will there be in our relations with Russia? Who will take the initiative, and where will it lead, us? The answer to that is bound up with a question of our domestic economy. And the domestic problem will hinge upon a crucial-judgment. That seems to be one of the few certainties among the imponderables. The problem is simply this: How much money can we raise;, how much cioney will we raise; how will we spend it? The prime obligation of the newly '• elected government that takes office this month must be the nation's security, at home and abroad. The new government will draw up a budget with that In mind. It will have to break down its over-all obligation into a multitude of details. BHALL'THERE BE more and higher taxes? Shall the military budget be fixed or flexible? What gets priority In maintaining security, housing or airplane production? How much more must we spend for world aid, and where? How much more • can we spend? Will we have to push rriili- 1 tary production farther, even if it means aggravating present civilian, shortages? And ' if this must be done, can it be'done without government control of prices, wages, labor, management and' material? • These and many more vital questions must be answered In 1949. The answers may come In a series of crises. - For there are influential • groups in the government with strong and conflicting views on the relative importance of social progress, the -status quo, and impregnable mUitary defense. Each question. will be considered and each answer made in the shadow of Russia's veiled policy and unpredictable tactics. We can only pray that those who operate our' government • and shape our national destiny-will be given the wisdom to pierce the veil and predict the unpredictable. Campus Marriages A FEW YEARS AGO, -a college undergraduate .student who married was likely to face expulsion. The setting up of a family was an enterprise which must be postponed until after the • attainment of • a degree and a few years of business or professional experience. The war veteran student has changed all that.' Marriage has p'roved, in most cases, a stabilizing influence, and the married students' grades, instead of suffering, actually are surprising-Jy .high. Earnest, hard-working, young ''couples, often with small children, are an accepted part of college life- on many campuses. Freshman students now coming in direct from prep and. high .schools, are beginning to wish to follow, the example set by the older members of the student body. The problems which result are to be discussed at a "Campus Marriage Conference" to be held at the University of . Illinois In the spring. This project .is; under the sponsorship of the University YMCA, which seeks to help both college authorities and the student'body by this means. The success of campus marriages, like any others, depends largely upon the maturity of character of the persons contracting them. Most of the married vet• eran students were above the usual college age and had been through experiences which contributed to- maturity. The particular circumstances of individual cases still .should govern permission. for young undergraduates to marry. A Formidable Opponent A LOT HAS BEEN written about President Truman's courage and confidence that carried him to victory in the- election. But, .. according to the pictures, he was neither, '' confident nor 'especially courageous .when .he came face to face with the live and rambunctious makings of his Christmas ' dinner. It was evident that the bird-had the President worried, to say the least. Maybe the Republicans made a mistake in running Tom Dewey instead of Tom Turkey. THIS so NO owe G&THOLD OF IT"? MR. MILQUEOAST HAS HEARD TftAT YOU CAM S£T FIReio A House WITH A AWSNIFY/MG GLASS Thomas L. Stokes , Ruhr Program Leaves One Issue Unsettled WASHINGTON. — The agreement . finally reached after protracted negotiations in London for internationalization of the Ruhr, that coal, iron and steel arsenal of'two German wars of aggression, still leaves unsettled one big..issue that affects all of us. That is fortunate, for it gives time for a safe and sane solution of that issue—,the -ultimate -ownership of Ruhr industry. That was left 'open. What the six_ - nations involved—the United States, Great Britain, France, the. Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg— finally worked out was an international operating mechanism, somewhat-cumbersome 'and complicated, for that great -industrial heart of Europe. It has two general functions. One is to distribute the products of the Ruhr equitably "to'the suirounding- natlons. That will be done by the new International Ruhr Authority.;The other, and milch more important for international peace, is to prevent the Ruhr from again becoming-a German war potential. In this, objective authority is divided between the Ruhr Authority and some form of the Military Security Board. . The set-up It vaguo in some respects, due to necessary compromises in a highly controversial matter, with the usual dangers that the Indefinite assignment of authority among these ' and other agencies . involved may 'result in unhappy conflicts that would militate against the basic aims. BUT THIS IS MUCH better than it appeared, for a time, was likely to result from the negotiations. In that respect it represents a -victory for public opinion, particularly in our country, as well as for the French who were very fearful that the German war arsenal might be rebuilt for still another attack upon them.' It shows that public opinion still can affect international affairs, however much they seem to be carried on in a vacuum so far as ordinary mortals ai-e concerned! That is perhaps the most hopeful aspect of the whole matter, A few- weeks' ago news came out of London that the United States and Great Britain had agreed, to turn the Ruhr back to Germany. France naturally protested loudly and bitterly. The news was a shock, too, in . this -country, particularly since it came in the wake of other develop• inents showing- a softening' of our policy in breaking of monopolies. THE EDITORIAL outcry that was raised, reflecting American public opinion, as well as protests from various groups, finally found an outlet in the form of an inquiry to "President Truman at a- piess conference, which, the' President gave reassurance that the carUils would not be revived as long as he •was in the White House. The protective features of the Ruhr agreement now reached, how-, ever -effective they may turn out in practice, seem to reflect that .aroused public opinion and the President's reaction to it. The present compromise solution is not one that finally will satisfy our people. By its term's Ruhr industry is to be operated by its German managers under supervision of the Ruhr Authority. Careless supervision or confusion caused by indefinite authority eventually might open the way for a return of the old German indu;/j'ial regime, which is active again and which has a sympathetic ear among some big international and business interests here. This makes imperative another step, and one that cannot be too long delayed. This is to provide a guarantee that the industry does not go -back to German owners. A proposal projected "by farm and consumer co-operatives and labor and progressive groups in this country is for real internationalization under a set-up like our TVA —an international corporation that would be run co-operatively by the neighboring nations on a share basis. THIS HAS BEEN discussed at the White House by Murray Lincoln, well-known co-operative leader of Ohio, who found President Truman an interested listener. It has been urged likewise upon ''Secretary' of State Marshall in a letter from another prominent figure in the co-operative movement, Howard Cowden of Kansas City, Mo., who organized a large and very successful oil oo-operatlve in this country, and directed the recent organization of the International Co-operative Petroleum Association. In which 2.G co-operatives in 20 countries participate in international trading in petroleum. Mr. Cowden suggested this latter co-operative might serve as a model for real co-operative internationalization of the Ruhr. : . This would be in keeping with our war aims. (United Feature Syndicntc, Inc.) Peter Edson Red Tape Board To Work In Germany WASHINGTON. (NEA) —F a s t er than the Germans can dig themselves out ol their own war ruins and rubble; the Allied governments now seem to be trying to bury them in a maze of red tape. . - The Litter of control agencies, •groups, commissions, committees and authorities • now imposed on the German economy probably beats anything' thought up by Berlin bureaucracy under the Nazis. Latest outfit to be proposed' for , the Allied government organization chart is the new Ruhr Authority. • It has just been announced in London, following six . weeks . of negotiations by representatives of six countries—the T7. S., Britain, Prance, Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands—and the Allied military governors, speaking for occupied western Germany. What the new Ruhr Authority is supposed to do is spelled out in a four-page communique and a 14- page draft agreement. Approval of this agreement by the six governments is expected by March 1. But, after wading through this-wordage, some doubts may remain ag to how much authority this Ruhr Authority will really have. Today's ' situation is abnormal, it is explained. It is nearly four years after the end of the war, and there is no German peace treaty., To accomodate this unnatural situation, many temporary agencies have to be set up. They will be tried out. Their powers and responsibilities, may have to be shifted. Anyone looking for a permanent solution' to the age-old riddle of the Ruhr therefore looks in vain at the proposed agreement. The troublesome question of ultimate ownership of Ruhr' industries was not e\ en-considered at London. Ail that was done by the six powers- was to set up another committee. They have power over production, investment, development, management -and direction of Ruin- industries. TAKE A LOOK at the existing structure. At the top of the heap is the Allied Control Council—a four - power committee which- no longer exists because of Russian non-co-operativeness. The three western zones of Germany are supposed to be run as a single economic unit, except that the French aren't fully co-operating, too. So. there are numerous bi-zone "committees" to run American and British zones. New House Members Bring Promise of Lively Congress WASHINGTON,— The 81st • Congress snapping into' action today will be lull of vim and vitamins. The elections were like a blood transfusion for . a grumbling old THEK THERE IS a Military Securities Board, It is supposed to see that Ruhr production is not used for rearmament of Germany. Finally you come to the proposed Ruhr Authority. It seems to be set up in a kind of vacuum. It is <tn independent agency. It takes orders from no one, reports to no one. It has no authority to enforce whatever decisions it might make. The Authority's principal purpose is to allocate distribution of Ruhr coal, coke, pig iron and steel as. between domestic production and exports. But there is some question as to what it has to al^cate. German steel production was limited to 10,700,000 tons a year by, the Four - Power Allied Control' Commission when it was still functioning. The idea was to confine production to what the Germans would need for their peacetime civilian economy. Thus far, German steel production has never reached this The question of breaking up Ruhr' rigure "" Therefore, there is no sur- AMSRICAN EXPERTS Who worked on the agreement admit that it is an experimental business. cartels and monopolies is administered by American-British military governments. Also under the bi- zone administration arc Coal and Steel Control Groups. History From the Times Files TEN YEARS AGO January 3, 1939 • Maryland Camp No. 1770, Royal Neighbors of America, elected Ruth Cubbage oracle. Deaths Mrs. George W; Dundee, 62. .Grand Avenue; Mrs.. William Anderson, 75, Lonaconing; George Stottlemyer, 65, this city; Mrs. John Ritchie, 68, Acciden^ Ina Marlene Keifer, five-month-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Leroy Keifer, Crawford Street. Robert 'E. King, this city, named foreman of the January grand jury. card passes over its line to obtain industrial worker traffic. THIRTY YEARS AGO .. January :i, 1919 Virginia M. CalwaHader, 10, Lona- conig, .killed in a coasting accident at Gilmore. Deaths Mrs. Benjamin Lewis, 31, Frostburg- Inskeep Sollars, 38, and Percy William Hansel, 30, this city; Mrs. Mary Esther Morgan, 25, Frostburg. Lawrence -T. Earth, Mt. Savage, was named president of the Masonic Past Masters Association. TWENTY YEAKS AGO January 3, 1929 Police Commissioner Herbert L. FORTY YEARS AGO January 3, 1909 Blye'compia'ined'"that other council- Graduates of Ursuline Academy ~»r, .^i^sH nn" the Police Dnnart- organized an' alumnae association. . Irvln Brant, 11, ""- ~'~' "~ iously hurt while men "picked on".the Police Depart ment and tried to .dictate how it ' should be run. He declared he had turned in $1,000 in liquor fines to the city treasurer, something never done before. Deaths Mrs. Anna E. Willis. 73, Hyndman, .Pa.; Vincent Monahan, 21. Midland; 'Philip Llewellyn, 72, formerly-'' of Frostburg, at Petersburg, -W: .Va, Cumberland and Westerr.port Transit Company was to sell weekly VI ;his city, ser- playing on an elevator in the peal Building which was under 1 erection. Cumberland Lodge No. 60, Knights of Pythias, elected F. Brooke Whiting- chancellor commander. O-.her Officers were B. A. Wolford, Walter T. Crawford, Thomas R. Palmer, William H. Cole, Louis N. Hughes. Edward Schilling and Robert"George. plus over domestip needs for allocation. CREATION OF THE Ruhr Authority may be considered a constructive move,-however, in that it looks ahead to the day when Ruhr production will be up to capacity and there will be something to allocate. But here the work of tho Ruhr Authority may seem to Overlap of another batch of "committees" under the ERP. EGA—She U. S. Economic Co-operation Administration for . the • Marshall Plan—is working to Guild ' up Ruhr production. So is ;ho OEEC—the IG-nation Organization for European Economic Co-operation. The Ruhr Authority has no official connection with, or responsibility to. either of these recovery outfits, although 1 it is supposed to co-ordinate its work, with them. In fact, there is <Sne provision in the new draft agreement which says . that if the Ruhr Authority makes a • decision that will increase 1 the financial burden of.U. S. occupation of Germany,'the American Military Government may veto that decision. This makes '.lie Ruhr Authority even less potent. Cophran's Barbs . Some folks who got a lot ol packages Christmas day wound up with just one on New Year's monlin;. dent, boxing chump and letter man in 'basketball, football.and basebal;.' man" Peppy promising youngsters Gerald R. Ford, R., Michigan, is y V barrel full will-give thwr another athlete, voted the, mo* 3 valuable member oi the University of Michigan football team, in 1034, and was Yale assistant, football football coach. He's a bachelor and Navy veteran. by grandads a run for their money. A few of the up-and-at-'em freshmen in the House of Representatives are: Hugh Addonizio, one of the famous "seven blocks of granite" in the line of the Fordham football team; This young Democrat of New Jersey's lith district beat another football star. Rep. Frank Sund- Henry McLemore's The Lighter > EVER BITE OFF more than "you can- chew? I have. •, Just.did, in fact, about six weeks ago. That was when I. wrote ''-Oitii SttjO ^^^ ' of Japan want pen-pals. Pacific and that if the boj were interested'I would handle.-^he Details. Seems as if half the chiWrcirm*ithe-United" States want to exchange 'letters with Japanese children. • ra, *'.»"• a - A American boys and girls have come .close. V wearing out my postman, Mr. Scott. He didn't, mind the extra loads of. letters at first, because Jie is a stamp c'dllector-and. the ; together'--were..'ones he yarn. He worked his way through -•_- '™ , t ' pcn . pa]s o » " this'side of' the anf fo^nd ST*^oXT^ plcSd^ X boys'and K*ls over here Tony Tauriello, -a member of the Council, were the powerhouses in the drive that turned this traaition- wanted. . ' ' ' '-.'.„,'-,,- •: . But he has a sufficiency now, and junteo. that the pen-pal letters be -senU-toi the New strom R in the Nov. 2 scrap, ally GOP New York State city Den:- Y ork" off ice of my syndicate. -• ----All-American ocrat.a year ago. This time both "They must have . more --postmen;' in New. ' Sundstrom was an at Cornell. Charles E. Bennett, D., Fla., a crippled World War II veteran. He came down with polio in the Pacific. Good looking Congressman George Smathers, the second term youngster from Florida and one of the most promising boys on The Hill, swears that Bennett is the kind of guy to make you real 'proud of Florida and Congress. Dick Boiling, D., Mo., ex-midwest, field director of the liberal, anti- Communist Americans for Democratic Action. He set the pollsters back on their bottoms. He wasn't, given a chance against Rep. Al'jert Reeves, R. A-l Boiling did.was pile were elected to Congress. James F. Lind, D., Pa., was drafted at the last minute after the regular Democrat norr.mee became ill.- He took the district by. storm and replaces a Republican old timer. Clinton McKinnon, youthful, -alert, pint-sized San Diego editor and a Democrat, Hugh Mitchell, D., Wash., the former TJ. S. Senator, an earnest and sober young fello-w who was a Congressional assistant , John Miles, D.',.N. Max., another experienced- public officer. He was Governor of New Mexico. ' • EUGENE MCCARTHY, chairman of the sociology department at St. up the biggest majority ever seen of the sociology department ai au who want to C0n . csp0 nd with'-Japanese youngs- in the district. He even plowed into .. .Thomas' College, broke the Repuo- - _ own . agc O r thereabout,'please send ..!,„ T5«,,,,Kii^nr, cr,,if> cirir-nf Kansas lir-nn "hold on St. Paul, Minnesota. vers, 01 youi uwji ugt u ,r York than they do in Daytona"Beach ) '; he said. THAT WAS A-GOOD idea,'noV.only for Mr. Scott but for me. ... '._-';' .' ' When I wrote the pen-pal,'column J, didnt have any idea that the response;, would be so great • . " . •":'-''."".' I figured that I could easilyJiandJe the two or three dozen letters which L expec.ted. to get But when the letters came, by, the, .hundreds, and then by the thousands,: J-. began-..-to- get alarmed. • . '•'«'••> !n ",' Being smothered- by letters,- even- if -they show someone is reading my column^ is not my idea of the perfect death. •:; ':•'•- •'•' So, in the future, will all: 3^11 youngsters who want to correspond witlvJa^OTCSiryoungs- the Republican south side of Kansas City. REVA BECK Bosone, D.. Utah, a • Municipal Court Judge at Salt Lake City, a hard hitting champion of reform, a sponsor of Alcoholics Anonymous, and an o'fl'icial observer at the United Nations. "Cap" Harding,, the cautious Democrat Congressional campaign director, shouts 'lican hold on St. Paul, Minnesota He's something of a prodigy, for the letters to tlie'MeNaught Syndacate,.',60 .East 24 he was a high school principal. 42nd Street. New . York 17, New,,_yprk;, and .be McCarthy is a rooting- liberal. Charles P. Nelson, R., Me., who has been a Congressman's secretary,Mayor of Augusta, and Air, Forces „ _._. .. Jr., D., N. springs from tlie district that sent Republican Fred Hartley to Con- . , sm . e to' write "Fen-Pal" on the? outside, of tne . enve)ope , ,,--.-r>^ -•,.-••• ' wi]] te Dandled - .-by-Miss' 'Prlscilla „ Md fonvardcd to Mrs'.'Mr.P.-Echol* in- J.. Tokyo, who will see that theaters. are distributed in the Japanese schools.,: ,,,„,,- B.waiuuai ,— H-*" - .............. - erthusiastically, "Reva Bosone has gress for ten terms. Hes been tne ...... " ...--*.-"„ ' law a hell of a lot on the ball." Ed Breen, D.. Ohio, the youn=r, go-getter Mayor of Dayton who resigned his -job to campaign for Congress. • M. G. Bmnside. D., W. Vn., a professor of political science at Marshall College who wants to put theories to practice. He is 'just one of several profs sent to Congress this year. John C. Davies, D,, N. Y., a'- 28 the youngest man 011 The Hill. He editor of a' weekly newspaper, a law school prof., and a guiding light in boys' welfare work. He was decorated by the 17. S., Italy and the Vatican in World War II. Hubert B. Scudder, R., Calif., is something of a wonder. He takes the seat of Democrat Clarence Lea. Scudder is a laborite and former Mayor of Sebastopol. Thomas H. Werde), R., Calif., also takes the seat held by a Dem., rat. He knows the ropes of law making. because he was vice-chairman of OH. YES; BEFORE 1 ! forget.,.,;--,,-:.- -• ' Don't you children be so..impatient «hout hem-lite from Japanese children.''-' '•'-.-• • One little girl in North Dakota- has^written mo three very indignant letters "asking why she hasn't heard from a little girl -in'-Tokyo, Kyoto. Osaka, or Yokohama. r -"-, : '" •' •' You must remember this:"' "^" while all of the letters' you;;-write are bundled up and air-mailed to^ -won't he getting airmail letters, back... .-•>•:• - It,costs 25- cents, and. send' a letter from America, and the is a college professor and replaces Because ne was viue-wirtnu..*" ^ .-- ""•'-,.„ ,,,.„-, j nT i'r-havi thai sort-of money a Republican oldster in the upstate the state legislature's judiciary corn- Japanese children don t have that sort of money rural district. Foster Furculo, D., Mass., a smart ex-Yale athlete who had the enthusiastic backing of labor and the ADA. He - licked a veteran conservative and-was given a whopping victory banquet at Springfield not long ago. .His is an Horatio Alger mittee. Clement J. Zablacki, D., Wis., is another experienced legislator who knocked off Rep. John Brophy,- a Republican. Zablacki is a former state senator and represents the Polish south side of Milwaukee. (Globe Syndicnti!) George Dixon The Washington Scene WASHINGTON—If you want to know why President Truman is short in his 'take-home pay it is because he is being clipped by an ancient vegetarian. This, a 77-year-old ascetic, who eschews tobacco, alcohol, and all other such inventions of the devil as ten, coffee, and cocoa, keeps grabbing a heavy hunk of poor Mr. Truman's linrd-eai-ned wages. If anybody else tried I'o hold out dough on Mr. Big he'd be flnnir in the jug so hard he'd bounce. But the old fruit and cereal-eater purs away with it. In fact he'd be arrested if he didn't. It's his job to do the tax-withholding on the President's $75,000 a v year salary. This venerable money-grabber is William A. Julian, treasurer of the United States, whose signature is on every banknote you've got in your pocket. He is absolutely unique in being the only man in- government with power to trifle with the President's wages. detour with his pay envelope vn. his kick. There is little likelihood that he will drop into a ginmill for a quick one with the boys, a hallowed American - custom Which causes take-home sbrlnkflge. Or that he will sneak into the pool room for a fast game of snooker. The chances are that he has not spent the month putting the bite on co-workers for a buck here and four bits there to tide him over, so he does not have to go around the office. paying back. And he doesn't have to lift a tab with the office bookie who has lured him into false investments -' with a scratch sheet, although they tell me George Allen is not above.,, spreading temptation around the White House with one of these publications. So far as. I- know the President does .not stop off- to play pinball machines. In fact I don't think there's- a pinball machine between the'-White House and Blair House. And I don't suppose he fritters any o£ his take-home pay buying pictures of the White House from. street vendors. The President may very well be one of the few government employes who gets home with his take-home pay intact. ,,0 spend. . . They must send their replies.- by; boat, «na that takes quite a while. L'-"''-.'.-",', •'"•' Too. you must remember .-.that ..while It is easy for you to 'write a letter iii^English, it is awfully difficult for- the Japanese..children. You try to write a letter in; Japanese, and you'll have" some sort of an jdea:-oG how much, work it is for children over -there-jto-compose a letter in your language. .' ".: : '''^ My guess is that ..the average .Japanese school" child will spend, at, week on the letter before he thinks it worthy,.'o£.,bei»g sent to a -friend in 'America. '•-•'>. •"„-.— ••• Paper- is very precious, too.-.'- :,=••:' •They have to save their -pennies for paper, and' even when they have -saved enoi there isn't always be bought'- ••" And most of the 1 Japanese.children^decorate their ."etters with pen and 'pe'ncli'-Unrf water color sketches.of themselves, their hpmef, or tto* cities in which'they live. '•''- './•'"•'So, please be patient. Every letter that hn« oome to-ni* ta' OB J»« way to Japan, 'and -someday"" the' 'answer* will start pouring in. • • ' -'.', '/'-. ', - . 1 (Distributed by McNstwht i Hal Boyle"t AP Reporter's JNg '**£.'? TOO MANY PEOPLE appear to have the idea that the President gets his 75 G's tax free. 1 and can't understand .why he is beefing for a pay raise. He not only has to pay full income tax, even as you and I, but he is subject to withholding, just like all the members of my huge office staff, named Marion- Reid, although he does not yelp about it with so much anguish. The President is listed as a federal employe, and federal employes have -to pay income tax. But in- his case there are complications. Payrolls in all government offices have to be certified by soif-.ebody in charge of the particular office. But there is nobody in charge of the • President's office but the President. Nevertheless he can't certify him- — self. But he has to be paid because £, mi c< he and Bess have to eat, and Mar- JO L llC'V OftY jraret has to have her music lessons. J So the situation is circumvented with typical federal rigamarole. . NEW YORK—Let's' oDea*^Pando"3#s'.box dl over again. Good night! ., :__^ ^ I mean happy New-YearSi;meanait really. Welcome—1949! . . *''~^,^..* *•"•' And .why not? Can't you. open,Pandora's box and figure -this'-Avay— something,'s.-;in here for mankind?. -Why not'give it light?' 1 BUT, TO GET BACK to Treasurer Julian. Every day, 3,500,000 new banknotes are issued with his signature, yet he seldom signs his name. They're still using the old he took the job in 1933. His signature is on every,bill from SI to $10.000.1 can vouch personally for the former; the latter is hearsay with me. (Kini; Features. Inc.) THE PRESIDENT is paid once a month. So, on the first of each month, he is' sent a "settlement warrant." This is a claim against the government. The "settlement warrant" v is in the form of a check issued by the treasurer. (Note: Don't confuse the treasurer with the Secretary of Treasury. The former is custodian of all the nation's cash; the latter is the policy, maker). The check is machine-drawn, with the facsimile of Julian's signature. He does not i sign it by hand. It is then countersigned by the controller general, Lindsay Warren. :ind sent to the White House. The President attends to his own banking arrangements, which I am r.ot going to detail because ' some Republican might try to forge a check on him. Bui, before Mr. Truman gets his "settlement warrant," Treasurer Julian subtracts the withholding tax. Although it is a -sizeable amount, based on number of dependents, etc.. it is not available for publication because the President. has vthe same right to privacy on' this ang'.e as you. I MAY SAY I have been greatly intrigued about the move to raise ' the President's wages so he will have more "take-home- 1 pay. For some reason, the expression "take- home pay" as applied to the President hits my risibilities. First of all, the President's take home pay is' not subject to the attrition and leakage of the average male wage-earner. For one thing he doesn't have so far to go home. There is little chance .of his being lured into a <r We starve ourselves for oxygen We must have more deep breathing and fill our blood with oxygen. And e—well, since way back last;-Saturday. Last Saturday, of. course,- was'th'e morning after. • Is there too, too much .to,'repent about the eve'before?. So-you ma'de^a: double-dog fool of yourself the last night' o£.1949? Will you ever have the same front, of the same company in the,--samfciTvay -again? Let us hope not. The Lord>has-:-his- own mysterious -way of removing ;elderly""innocenr bystanders-from the scenes of our recent^crimes. .Our crimes'against sensible .socfeft-.and our own conscience, I mean. • -:;-,-; -., : - • SO TODAY YOU aVe unique..' -.. You lace ' life with a sense of guilt. Butvthere.'.tht day. stretches ahead, of you—bright,-fresh 'and new.. and eager to record your repentant •'• scrawl Nobody in history saw the saine'.'.day'-vthe same way before. Nobody -will againl'^ - - - But as the day wears you^ are,likely to tee that other people are back at..,wort too. - Bo,, whether you' work for themror Ihejciwork for you, you appreciate that life'. Is '-pretty 7 : much a cJLUU 1111 VU1 1J1WV/W wii/ii w.ij 1 b^". j**«*» -- ,, • "" t *" *" J lots of exercise and plenty of. food fellow-hangover- against the dar&j-anct-you. for breakfast. What.-you eat for ' dinner, I eat for breakfast. 1 drink only pure water. —Hubert Fauntleroy- Julian, "Black Eagle of Harlem." • If Congress imposes new taxes along with the inevitable increase in 1949 in state and iocal taxes, the American people may no: sit idly by, —Dr. Emerson P. Schmidt/ director of economic research, TJ. S. Chamber of Commerce, warning that a tax boost might touch oil "an inflationary, revolt." • Those who criticize the Marshall Plan are ridiculous, for without it we wotuld not be able to live. —Andre Philip, Socialist and former premier of Prance, addres's- - ing the _Prench Assembly. The conditions of stability, both economic and political, which make for a long peace, are returning to Europe. —Gen, Lucius D. Clay, U.. S. military governor in Germany. that life is going to go.on. ^ ....,,_. . • Darned, as a-matter of..fa!ct, jflJ.ou don'i. happen to thisk that you,, toor-nave";some fan--, portance in your'effort to do. yow: bit. '-You know it isn't probably going-; to'.-sway: mankind —but at least you didn't hide-out-with' : a phoney coW. Life gains a .thin .TOsy *eiJge"<)f virtue: Well, if you.have got that farl/tfqos-or hired hand, you are already a victim-.of .Pandora's golden modern box. And that./is-i kind of version of the golden rule... '.-„,.,.,, -,. .. Because, what with modern- medical advances people don't pay so much attention, to . the diseases that La Belle Pandbra~used to Jet' loose on a befuddled world'wiUra^Tecfcless hand. • '- I am looking forward to studying the face of Stalin; whose features, I think, could tell more .about the history of the revolution than any books. —UNO Wallman, Swedish painter, assigned to ' do. a portrait of Joseph Stalin. Without a basic nation-wide plan, medical-relief, including the benefits of blood and blood derivatives, cannot be provided satisfactorily. —Dr. George M. Lyon, civil defense adviser or. radiological safety.. IN 1949 PEOPLE aren't looking ; —they have an eye open for business. want hope more than they cry for help. They are looking for something better rather than something worse. They".wantYti>"eat high on the hog— amf who's there ; to -.say There IsnV room for everybody-to gnaw?',; ,„'...','f \ ' No, sir, it always was a .matter of. propaganda what came' out of Pandora's box. This year let's accept the idea it was good—and good for US all. ' • •'• i ,r'""-:°-'v--.:'- ' There's plenty of' every thing" for -everybody. And everything- is in your mmd.;- : —•—--:•If I'm wrong,.call .me a liar in 1950. But as for 1949—it's only here once.'. : ;V^ c ''--r'i-V Let's live it—and let Pandora:'Shut the gol- darned lid! We won't go this wa'y"again. No, none of us. ' ' s • •" • (AMOcialcd Press) FIFTY-FIVE CZECH members''of Parliament have 'fled from toeirrcountry since the Communists took over.: is this. a tribute to the benefits of 'Russian' rule?

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