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The Weather Windy, colder tonight. Friday, fair, moderately cold. • . City Weather ^-Temperatures — High,. 43; low,' 34; noon, 35: Rainfall —.72 inches. River— '5.5S./eei. ' FI VOL. LXXLX.—NO. 359 Associated Press Service— AP Wirepkoto CUMBERLAND,-MARYLAND, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1948 r Dutch Defy U.]V. 9 Fear For Empire Motive In Delaying Cease-Fire Partly Selfish; Intend To . Safeguard Interests"; And Native Subjects By DeWITT MACKENZIE AP Foreign Affairs Analyst, The Dutch finally have acceded to the United Nations . demand. that they end hostilities In Indonesia and release the .captured, members of tin Republican cabinet. . However, the compliance t« fu»lined. The ccase-flre will be fiven In Java »t mldnlfht Friday, but not until a few days • later in the ndrhborinr island tl Sumatra. : Since the *TTN Security Council ordered cessation oJ .fighting Christmas Eve. eight ' days -Rill have elapsed before the -ultimatum is met in part. Why did the Netherlands government thus lay itself open, to » charge- of defying the ittaited Nations? • • ' ':.','".' The answer i* in part self- , rodent. The jovernmcnt ."got^ ill Dutch up" and decided at all hazards'to brine-the hostile Indonesian republic into* line for Inclusion In the projected United , State* of Indonesia. • We are told that'this .will be' a federation oJ the republic and six other." sovereign Indonesian countries. The federation will in due course become part of a world-wide Dutch -commonwealth of nations, similar to. the British common•wealth. That brings us.up against another pertinent question which I ra.ise Sere.-because it is being flung- at me by .readers, is it possible that there Is any ulterior .motive' beh-nd this defiance of the peace organization? One world war veteran, who obviously does' a lot ol thinking; puts it like this in Teferring to the Dutch explanations: " . . •I objeK to a picturixation ; that the Dutch mijht not be, after all, merely throwing a nonker wrench into the entire scheme for a commonwealth of, nations." In short, is Holland really bent on establishing a commonwealth ol sovereign .states or is she trying to hold'her rich, empire together from selfish motives? > 'Well, human-nature. Js I • think- : we-are- safe- in-saying that the'. Dutch, must.-be- mighty •orry to" see" their., empire' breaking up. Moreover, as I pointed.out"in a previous column, the evidence at bind would .Indicate'that they, intend -to- safeguard the.'-interests •which they have built up during their 300:yearsi of rule iu Indonesia. They also have a responsibility to- •wafds'the natives, some of whom are primitive .people. • . ( .But havinj said that; I believe the evidence indicates Holland really, does,intend to,turn, her tmpire'into' a' commonwealth of free states. Naturally she hopes that inch, a commonwealth will be one : .of!mutual benefit,, but she has read the writing on the .wall.. •'. . .. ... That writing says clearly-that the days of empires .are rapidly drawing w a close. Self-determination is a matter of common sense. ..- , , ,. The time is past when a •mother .country" can impose her authority on civilized peoples belonjrinff to other races. •She isn't their "mother 1 'anymore than an elephant could be • the mother of a tiler. It's ture. Truman Draft Of Work 'or Congress Returns From Brief ' Holiday To Desk To Start Policy Message Tie Dutch'explanation-of their eunrent "police action" in Indonesia is this: Everything was set for the inauguration, early in the new year, of an interim. government -leading to the 'establishment of the United States of • Indonesia. - The (Continued on Page 2, Col. 6) Hungarians Aiding Cardinal's Arrest Excommunicated VATICAN CITY—W}—A Vatican source said today'all Roman Catho lies who had anything-to do with the arrest of Josef Cardinal MlnSs- "zenty, primate of • Hungary, have been excommunicated.' The Communist-run .governmen of Hungary announced the arrest o Cardinal Mindszenty last Monda; and accused him of plotting agains the government, spying, treason-ani black' market .money dealings. 3 -taid Mindszenty was a "sponsor o Hungarian Fascism." Ten other Church figures also are; held. - Excommunication .cuts .member ol the Church off from all-sacra ments. As a punishment, it is-sur passed-in Church penalties only b the pronouncement of" "anathema —an ecclesiastical curse; . The action was reported to hav I been taken by the Sacred Consis torial - Congregation. The.decree was said'to have'class, ed all offenders in this case under "infamia juris"—the infamy, of th law—which would mean .the crim involved was on a level:"with rap heresy and simony. Simony is licit traffic In sacred things. The-condemnation is pronounce under 'the ' canonical law speclall reserved to the Apostolic' See. Thi means that, the offense can-,be-la given only by" the Holy - See' itse: Thus such a -condemnation -rank, among the highest decrees of. ex communication and 'expression the Church's anger. " . . The Roman Catholic Church ex communicated all' who had'anythin to do with the 'conviction and im prisonment of the head of tl church in'Yugoslavia, Archbisho Alojzijc, in : 1946. Stepinac was sei to prison for<16 Tears by the Com Vlinlst Yugoslav government o charges of . wartime • collabqratio with the Germans. Models Show Top Fashions For 1949 . Some 45,000 persons last night saw 20 mobile, stages carrying mo'dels wearing' the latest designs in omen's,'men's and .children's fashions at Miami'Beach, Fla.;The mileTlong: fashion show was part .of the range Bowl'Festival'and showed clothes.from lingerie to.fur.coats. Church To Have Cushioned Seats Daytoni O.—(JP)—"I'can't come to .church' because the. benches'are..too liard for., me to sit on through an entire, service," a .parishioner told the, Rev.' James Thomas, 'of the South Park-Methodist Church a few months ago. - • • So,, today workmen began installing 160 new theater-type seats with rounded backs and'air cushions'.In the church, one of the city's largest. ruman — safely back from, his _, hristmas holiday alter a dramaticl l-Co-plr |O\7 NUVS Ik-down landing through fdg and JJCU. J.\_H_/ y k - ;c * 7 ° ain—plunged in earnest today into " • * reparations for the. new Congress. Mr. Trurnan.gave• a group:of top fioials, some long, jittery moments esterday. while, his. plane groped own a.- radar lane to - a National Irport runway-after circling in the mist', for more than'-40 minutes. -As—cabinet -members,, and 'other bvernment-of fleers • stood anxiously r'-the-ra-ln;'the"'President, .by.his wn -.word, -was-"ieading -and 'S*cp-." "'Worried? '?'0h; my-goodness, o!'.'-.. '. •" ••-••••• "•" Deskload of Work. . .;. Mr. 'Truman' returned from a eek with -his family .in Missouri to •deskload .of /work.- These matters ere' awaiting' his attention ;for relay o. Capitol' Hill, where- the Demo- •atic-controlled 81st" Congress goes i work January 3: Lift Displays Determination .-..-By SEN. AEBEN_W:;BAEKLEY Vice-President Elect- of-the '•'United • • , ' States •——--•: (As told to. International News ... • . Service),; '.'. ..-,.; • ..'; The -Berlin.airlift.is perhaps the greatest single demonstration- today of America's-unwavering .determination to-champion the cause'of freedom throughout the .world. .' The airlift.is a great, enterprise: 'lit .ranks in importance with the most" spectacular, jobs our Air Force icssage, erson on Wednesday; his economic epprt and tften his.budget requests or the year starting July 1; 'ai:d a nal foreign -policy, wrap-up 'which' ongress will get later in .the lonth. •' • • Despite that heavy schedule and he tricky landing which wound up is - Christmas ' holiday, it was a miling, jaunty chief executive who reeled the relieved.crowd ol[ about 00 persons at the airport. • Hovered 44 Minutes For 44 minutes, the President's DC-6 "Independence" hovered at 0,000 feet in the soupy skies above e'arb'y'' Mt. Vernon, waiting for a (Continued on Page. 2, Col. 5) ?ire Loss Sets lecord In U. S. BOSTON— .(!?} — Fires branded a 725,000,000 record loss across North America in 1948 but took fewer'five's nan in other years, a survey showed oday. . . '. . 'The year's total fixe loss was three er cent over.1947 according to n eport, by .Percy, Bugbee, 1 . general manager- of -the National- Pire Pro- ectlon . Association, non-profit in- ernatlonai fire control organization. ' For the United States ar.d Canada man connected with the " how Forrestal To Seek Bigg Stick Democrats Seek To Break Back Of Rules Groiip - - * Support Of .Truman, Raybnrn Sought; Move To Replace Rankin : WASHINGTON — UP) — The House Democratic leadership was reported today to have •' agreed tentatively to clip the . .powers of the Rules Committee to "pigeonhole" legislation. By WILLIAM F. AKBOGAST 'WASHINGTON. — • (/?)• — House Democratic leaders put final touches today to a plan aimed at. giving the Truman.administration a surefire way -to get around the- often- troublesome Rules Committee. Still- another move within party ranks was reported afoot—to.'try to keep ,-Rcp, Rankta...-(r!.-Miss.)-.. off the- Un-American' Activities Com- mittee^-but'the loaders;refused even to discuss it. •They did, however,' arrange a •meeting with • Speaker-Designate Sam Bayburri of Texas to the hope of winning his promise to rccom- ment the Rules Committee project to President Truman. Meeting Postponed The President originally had planned to; huddle this morning "with Rayburn and Vice President-Elect Barkley of -Kentucky on plans for the new Congress which convenes Monday. But th& White House said Talks Of War, Peace Deluge China Capital Report Denied Chiang Called Conference To Discuss Nation's Future HAROLD K. MILKS , NANKING — (/P) — War or peace talk still flooded Nanking today but a government spokesman spiked reports "that Chiang Kai-Shek called together his lieutenants to discuss China's overall future. Instead, said spokesman Shen Chang-Chuan at his first news conference, the Chinese military leaders came here for "consultations rather than a conference." This was taken to mean they were here for individual rather than collective meetings with the Chinese president. -Promises Statement But Chinese looked forward to Chiang's promised first of the year statement for some Inkling of what the generalissimo has.on his rr.lnd i The big question is will the wa. continue or is there some hope of peace for China's war weary millions. Shen brushed off a report that Vice President Li Tsung-Jen had joined the national group now advocating peace with the Communists. Said Shen: "I- met Vice President Li tnls morning. When, told of the report j he was much surprised, saying: 'I; share the same thought entertained T 1-^,-,4-^J Wfofpc by President Chiang'." UllltCU. kJicllCS Asked if this was confirmation or denial of the -report on Li, Shen said- the generalissimo's views—in which Chiang- emphasized his extermination to-fight.on against the Reds—was well known. That statement, the spokesman said, still stands until Chiang-makes another Marguerite Chapman Marries eanf Film Star Marguerite Chapman, and . Bentley^SBynn.. Los Angeles attorney, cut their wedding •'cake at a reception--yesterday at Santa Barbara, Calif. The couple is flying to Mexico City for"a honeymoon. Expands Policy To Stop Soviet Plamiijig Project Is Expected To Be Basis : For'Truman; Program. highly, important we in. the.United States regard the job ie.is doing. Outstanding. Achievement . As ' a tremendous peacetime endeavor the airlift certainly ranks j the. meeting probably will be held '.the most ' magnificent I tomorrow'instead. among achievements of modern times. It has "strengthened our position } by the mere factor of allowing us to remain where our'right was cnalr lenged. .•-''. And it.has'strengthened our posi- tion"byits evidence of our steadfast determination to' remain. The'planes 'that thunder over this blockaded city (Berlin) carry'with them a message; not only for .the Mr. Truman and President Roosevelt before him both have had trou- year. people of Germany but for the.peo- ple of. the rest of the world.as well. Buoys Flagging Spirits More'eloquent-than any words-it- is a message-to buoy .the flagging spirits of the downtrodden everywhere—and at the same time an undeniable answer to those who (Continued on Page 2, Col. 2) Gunman Beats Admiral's Wife LOS. ANGELES—W—A gunman today pistol-whipped the wife of Vice Aclm. Howard P. Kingman, USN (retired), after she slapped his face during a robbery attempt. Police said Mrs. KIngman and her Susbar.d were about to enter their car parked in the downtown section, when smother car with would deprive mankind • of liberty, i three- men drove up. One of the If there was once' doubt of our trio, flashing a gun, got out and ability to maintain our position in the face "of force and the staggering difficulties that the organization of' the.;.airlife .itself imposed, that doubt has been dissolved. There- is now rio question that we can and will continue our ac(Continued .on Page 2, Col. 3 Bugbee listed 32 fires causing in-1 Japs Seiltenced'To Life Dividual loss of $1,000,000' or more p Rpheadin" ' and 243 others topping the $250,000 L or oeneacnn,, . mark.' . \ .' . ' 'He added, however: "There were.no loss of life f.'re isasters in' 1948 to compare with he hotel fire epidemic oi' 1946 or he Texas-City disaster of 1947." 'Greatest fire death toll".in the U. S., • excluding' aircraft accidents nvolving fire,' was 17 in an ex- iloiion in a Chicago ..candy factory m September 7.- •. " • . 'Bugbee noted also conflagrations abroad which took 1,500 lives after an earthquake at Fukui,- Japary and 240' lives 'In the I. G. Farben 'explosion in Ludwigshafen, Germany TOKYO — OT — Japanese Army Lieutenants Noboru Hashlyama and Teruq Akamine today were sentenced to life' imprisonment for beheading captured American 3-29 pilots after : Emperor Hihohito had announced-Japan's decision to-surrender. . • The two were rounded up'too late to be tried with 32. others whose trials ended yesterday in death verdicts for nine. The lieutenants were convicted of participating In the massacre 'of 33 Americans. A U. S. Eighth Army Commission passed the sentences.. . trfed -to rob the-coup'le. • "Why you infamous pup," Mrs. Kir.gman exclaimed and slapped the gunman in the face. This so maddened 'him, she told police, that he slugged her-about the arms and face with hia 'fur.. The trio then fled with no loot. Mrs: Kingman was treated for bruises. Admiral Kingman was wartime commander of the Panama sea frontier, and later of Battleship Division 'Nine of the famed Third Fleet. In November of 1945, he relieved Fleet Admiral Wlll!n.m Hnl- sey as commander of the Third Fleet, Constant Political Moves Nanking .was the scene of constant political activity against a background of recurring reports that^a.-.-way....was..being -sought for. Chiang's retirement - in-" order to '•'(Continued on Page 2, Col. 2) Overall Rail Layoffs Seen For New Year CLEVELAND—(/P)—A senior vice president of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad says the entire rail industry will experience layoffs next Ross Marshal"., 'the official, said a slimmer business, volume would affect both passenger and freight traffic. t , He made the statement yesterday as the C & O announced 3.000 additional employes would be laid off by the first of the year. The Iwe previously, had let out 2,500 workers. . The New York, New Haven and ^ ^ _ ^ Hartfor-J Railroad also announced tanks and other _ _ an "extensive" reduction in per- - fc ^ wes tenv European countries— , i .. j; j . ~,rt4- rMimlo'fi T.nP :._ . . -n /•* _ t _ \ Truman Named •, "Man Of Year 77 NEW man is Time Magazine's "Man ' of By JOHN-"I WASHINGTON—(£>)—The'gove'rn- ment set to work today-'on. final- plans for a great .new extension of America's "stop 'Russia", policy- including a multi-billion'dollar-pro- gram-of military, aid -to western Europe. . . j Officials hope to • complete -the planning project promptly. Their!' recommendations are expected to provide the basis for.President Truman's foreign policy address to Congress, probably.-next month. An .announcement late -yesterday disclosed that -Mr. 'Tijuman has ordered the State Department- to coordinate all planning of 'foreign military 'assistance programs. The department then must mesh these with American economic' assistance like that going to Europe's' Marshall Plan countries. Greece, Turkey Covered The military projects .'cover . aid to Greece anfl Turkey, -which may run around S350,000',000 next 'year; any arms.to China (the military-cost of China aid this -year- is $125,000,000) and the projected gift of guns, equipment the. Year" for 194f>. It is the' second time he. has been so honored by the news magazine. Time said in its Jan.' 3 issue— released today— that the- President's election". "was- a. personal victory 1 almost without historical parallel;'; a victory of-the fighting spirit." ' ' Negey Desert Fight Goes On Despite Order TEL AVIV— (/P)—An Israeli-Army spokesman said-today fighting still is going on in- tr.e Negev Desert of Southern Palestine. He'- said 'the battle is' much less intense"' than earlier'in the week but 'in 'a wider sonnel, but did 'not divulge the number involved. Virginia. Hallway Cuts At Norfolk, Va, "the usuo! sensor, curtailment" was announced by the Virginia Railway. No figures were released. Marshall said "the main cause is a decline in business vo'.uine which began in November." Pointing out, that the C & O was a coal-carrying road he declared it loaded only 3.550 coal cars Tuesday compared with 5,000 to 5,500 daily "before the slow-down." . Coal production in the United States is satisfying the country's (Continued on Page z, Col. 4 News Conference WASHINGTON—(/P)—The White i n a few unimportant House announced that President,Resistance was negligible. (Continued on Page 2, Col, i) Dutch Control Economic Areas BATAVIA, Java— (IP)— Tha Dutch announced' today they have seized the last economically important area controlled by the-Indonesian Republic, the Djambi oil fields in southern Sumatra. "On the whole the installations were, undamaged," the communique licari'scorched earth tactics. "Ef-i Reach. Norfolk Port forts to set fire to them resulted., Air activity on both sides-was. reported confined- to areas where ground fighting is going on.-Israeli and Egyptian troops have, been battling'• in: the Negev since-'December 21. . ' ' : The United Nations ' Security Council yesterday ordered another cease-fire 'in Palestine' and 'a, .withdrawal of- Jewish troops from 1 the Negev. ' ' ' • ' A sppkesman--for the new Jewish state said the' government has received no official word from the Security Council and therefore has riot" yet dealt with the question Until'a'full tcxf of the resolution arrives, the attitude of Israel will not be fixed, he said. A foreign office spokesman" indicated earlier in the week. Israel will obey a cease-firo order. • Well-informed circles predicted Israel will' refuse to carry out any withdrawal based-on the November 4 decision.'That decision called'on Isrnel to remove from-the Negev (Continued- on : Page 2, Col. i) Survivors Of Split Ship Truman wl>I hold a news conference at 4 p. m. today. Scientists Report Air May Evaporate Guided Missiles By HOWARD W. BLAKESLEE isP.nd , NEW HAVEN.- Conn.—(/P)—Maybe a .guided missile . shooting at you from half way around the world will evnjiorate before It gets here. The evaporation of solids traveling fast— 50 to 100 .miles above the. earth -was .reported to the . American Astronomical Society today at Yale University. • ... Shooting stars, astronomers said, sometimes simply--vanish because of their speeds in the airways of future wars. Their impact on the .thin air produces heat that peels oif their atoms. • . This study- is^part of a ballistics program of the'U. S. Navy reported today by Dr. .Fred L. Whlpple ol Harvard College Observatory. The military authorities are using shooting star photos to study the upper reaches . • -..-•' • The shooting stars are' mostly grain size. Few are larger marbles. ' Many of these evaporate completely, A big rocket, or other flying weapon won't evap- than "Assignment: America' • ^y (RtJ. D. S. P»t. DIM Officials Getting Much Tougher In ^Providing Capital Security The seizure Wednesday marked jart of the Dutch army's race to complete its campaign before the imposition of cease -fire orders. The Dutch told the Security Council Wednesday these would be effective in Java at midnight' New Year's Eve and in Sumatra two or three By KENNETH L. DJXON WASHINGTON'— (IP) — Officials charged with providing guard se 1 - curity for -'the countless key • federal buildings ; in' the 'nation's capital are-showing signs -of the''jitters less other areas which could hardly have been considered fascinating spots for foreign spies. For any sector or structure with even the faintest military or allied during these cold, war .days and association, the pass-system rlga- -taiking- about getting tough once I marole was so involved that a news photographer once discovered he again. "Tough," that is. in terms of de- mahdir.g- credentials for entrance to such buildings. At the very least, orate .so. easily. But if it goes they soon may be insisting-on ade- fast enough -it is-likely to suffer. from this'vanishing .trouble. . In Canada, radar • is' in use for an'even, bigger shooting star suicly, not only for guided missiles buc also for . radio communication.' The Canadian work is by the Dominion observatory at Ottawa and the National.Research council,' it was reported today by Dr. Pet.er M.' Millman and .Dr. W..' H. McKinley. • Radar finds.' shooting stars the eye never sees. It finds 50 times more. 1 : Around Ottawa radar has been finding lO'-snooting stars , a cjuate identification of all visitors to important areas. Certainly the' contrast between the wartime scrutiny ar.d today's casual "open door" policy is marked. Ar.d sometimes it is downright embarrassing . . . During the' war, even recognized had to cany nearly fifty different passes, badges and identification cards! Of course, there were a few hilarious examples of successfully mocking the pass-system—such as days later. The communique also reported the capture of chief of staff Daan- jaja of 'the Republican Siliwangi (Continued on Page 2, Col. 4 NORFOLK, Va. — (/P) — Eighteen survivors- of the Argentine Navy vessel. El'Capital:, .which broke'in two in the Atlantic Sunday, 'have arrived here.', The Coast Guard Cutter Cherokee dockets with .the -survivors yesterday with the stern of the vessel in' TOW. The El Cap!tan-was-off-the-North Carolina coast at the time of the mishap. She-was being towed-from Savannah, Ga.-to Baltimore, where the ship was to undergo repairs. The bow of.the ship was-taken to Baltimore. SaysU.S.Mus| He Nations Reanife . ' • ' ' ' ••» ""'V '.. ' U. S. -Less Vulnerable; ,;.' Than Year Ago; Rcyiewi MUitary Establislrraentr-. By ELTON C. FAY ^;V-..• WASHINGTON — OP>— Secretary i Defense Forrestal -set the,~stage today for' a possible .'new ..fight, to Congress with Ills plea for greater power over the nation's. aime_ds«£- vices. • • • •;•>•- *. At -the same 'time, the, cabinet. . officer declared this country,, must.. help- re-arm noa-Communist Europe even though the cost /'may necessitate hard decisions by our people:'. '• For itself, the United States ,.yw less vulnerable . today" than 'It' was when the' Army. Navy '.and Alr.Tkrce were unified a year ago last September, Forresta! said.- ".. -~, But he' added -that, this .ttar^iot. enough: "Wecmust, do .all inTouf power to re-create the', confidence and hope of Europe." " ''' Decisions Not Forrestal 'did not say. whafJ3iard- decisions"' he had in " mind.-.<'But plainly he meant the possibility, of higher taxes and more shortages-at home while more 'American idoUaxsT- and . goods are poured into' the-dike • being erectad against Russian," Communist aggression. • " -.-.,-••... His first annual report, made;public last night; was devoted largely to a review, of the military establish'-. ment under .his direction,. ..together with, recommendations to.theJWhiJe Jouse for changes in thej unification w.' • . • , •'. ..• ".— • ''-; But it was spiced by a terse»but. intriguing notation that- military ' scientists-are working on an*"earth satellite vehicle program"— perhaps a man-made moon' from which 1 great. destruction might be heaped on. any- threatening nation; • .....~^.. . . The chief, 'but .not -unexpected,. recommendation-fr'om Forrestal -wa* . that the. unification act be' amended • to. give the. defense 'secretary-more direct .authority.- 'over the; .'.three. armed, services.", • .'.' ' . /--</"•• ,. Without, ref eh'ing v directly "to *the'-,v bitter feud Vb'etrsr'een' the' 'Air -Force • and Navy over. long'jrange;.bombing< and super-carriers," TPbrrestal'- wild there have 1 been "many .'arguments and disagreements." And, he added, "there are. still great areas- inrwh'Ich. the viewpoints of the. services haye not come together.", . .""."*"" Wants More Power ..;;;„ : •He. left no doubt he wants- to -'be able to. tell -the services; to : get .'jib-, • gether— 'and- make .his. :'order- stick.' By an amendment offered'.byBep.. Cole (R-NY)- the -authority -of .'the':secretary was 'qualified- to "general" direction over trie military establish- : ment. . - . • • • • .-, This is the provision Porrestaljio_w wants deleted. The same recommendation, was made'. in the.recent-.Ter- port' by' a. ."task 'force" committee-of the Hoover 'Commission on government. reorganization: . • Another • Forrestal' „ recommendation— creation of the post of -undersecretary who, as "alter ego"It;b' v th'e secretary, would become the-acting chief of the military establishment in the absence of the secretary— also paralleled, a- recommendation'.'oi;'the Hoover Committee.- '. ~ '-•"•-Ignores Ground FedcraHi&tlon' 1 ^' Forrestal .steered away •from- i -an- othcr .subject certain to Tta'oiise wrath in Congress — federalization-'of the. ground National Guard'. "He. didn't 'go along with the proposal. of a special advisory committee" for federal control of the state military ' organizations. . He •• did,- . however, , recommend federalization : of the -Air National Guard. . ' .77""' The defense chief said frankly'he thinks the idea of-fcdcralizaflbn'of: ' the ground National Guard is* sound. from a military, standpoint— but any (Continued on Page 2, Cok.'f". Gripes From GIs ^; In England (refer.;; • • • O • '• _ -A^-^."., Results Quickly^ • XT. , S; AIRFORCE BASE at.' Bur- , tonwood,. England— (#)— Gripes-irom American G.: I.'s at this -big 'aircraft depot -won today - a • firm promise of better living, conditions. sooiC— ," Air Force officials here-. disclosed • that Secretary for Air Stuart~Sym- tagton-- before leaving, for home last Tremors Continue To Shake Reno, Surrounding Section RENO, Nev, — (ff) — Continuing earth tremors added today to the anxiety of residents of Reno and nearby towns; shaken vigorously by a strong earthquake early yesterday. There' .was widespread damage, jlow, ujiui.uv»i*-.^ii- •«•*••"»••* • . , examples of successfully but no injuries in yesterdays - tremblor felt throughout north cen- the one when a Navy Department tral California. employe pasted a picture of Hitler aver his photo on. the, badge and continued to be admitted regularly— but for the" most part the system seemed to do the job and authorized personnel were re-! By contrast, during this cold quired to have special passes—and!war- period which has many world carry them all the time—in order (leaders far more frightened than to gain entrance to even such non- they ever were during the- actual gain military type structures as Treasury Building. The same was true of the Commerce Department ' building, the minute,- and .recorded .a total.'of i Agriculture Department (in certain 1,800,000 ; since last summer. Radar (Continued on Page 2, Col. S) sectors), . the Price Control and Rationing Headquarters and count- V hostilities,' this sort of thing can, and does, happen with an unpleasant regularity: Some time ago, a group of men, subsequently identified as card- carrying Communists, entered the University of Nevada Seismologist Vincent P.- Gianella warned that all indications pointed to further- quakes,' "possibly another heavy It was lucky, he said, that yesterday's quake did not occur in an area of heavy population and tal! buildings. "If it had, it certainly wouldn't have been a nice thing to see." Gianella-repoited that a crack in the earth surface had been found on a ranch a mile northwest of Verdi. Verdi, a community of 200 about 10 miles' west of Reno, re- Investigation of the fissure' was hampered bj snow on the' . round. First reports here said it was from 100 to 150 feet lor.g and one or two inches wide. Gianella last night reported that slight tremors still were registering on the seismograph at the rate of four or five an'hour. They generally were too light to be felt, • Tthough one at 6:30 p. m. PST (9:30 p. m. EST), was noticeable. The series of shocks began Monday night.' The Seismologist said all ippear- ed centered in the ' Verdi fault, blamed for yesterday's earthquake, with its' accompanying "ten. pin" disturbances in other faults'. The quake knocket down some telephone and power lines, but service continued through underground circuits. At Verdi, windows were night had allocated : an 000 to make that .promise goqdr~--; With 'it ' went Symington's-Blunt declaration' that; he 'will be" ba-clc'.'lri late February to see that conditions have 'improved— "and'l expect'you," he told 'air officials -here — "to-back me up." ,':• '.• •-.„'.-- "^ ".""'-' Behind the promise was. the'-story of Symington's arrival here.'i wh'jre Air Force- mechanics work nightiaid day-to keep the Berlin airliff planes'. flying.- '•',>.'.•".. •—.,-.-. He' found a base. restless with-Tjad morale, with gnunbling •- which. flii-eatened efficiency , in . rorjaJrfcs; .and; _ overhauling the-, . transport ' planes.' .. . • '.-.'., .»'".•;,;,'.";." The protests- followed a pattern.. 'Not' enough heat in thejNissen huts in- which they are sheltered. No carpet or-'matting- on the.'cement floors. • Too little light to :read,-by. night.. Filthy sanitation. -Bad^cpplt-. ing' in some cases. , :• •••.-.-.•-••• • Symington rounded up. American Air Force 1 officials in Britain and laid down his. instructions ";for^'E quick remedy.- . •-'^.-^ They've scouted' around the'.'zni- terial'for the work that -needs doing; Now '.that they have .the .mb'tiey Lll YlIiE WUlIimLUliCsLO, ^iiLCic-u. vi.-.^ «.uu««'. -- ..„.__ , (Continued on Page 2, Col. 2) i=eived- the brunt o: the shock.- | ; ter dislodged. broken, chimneys toppled, and plas- j to pay for it, the work will be .under-way within 'a, few days.