The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on November 25, 1981 · Page 8
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 8

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Salina, Kansas
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Wednesday, November 25, 1981
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Page 8
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Pige 8 The Salina Journal - Wednwdny, November 25.1981 Soybean oil fuel of future for farmers ? MANHATTAN — Oil from the common soybean could be the fuel of the future for fanners, according to Kansas State University engineers. Stanley J. Clark and Mark Schrock, both members of the Department of Agriculture Engineering, will test processed soybean oil for use as a diesel fuel substitute without any modifications to engines. "When you look at agriculture's energy needs, you see that you have a real need for diesel fuel," Clark said. "With soybean oil, we have an alternative fuel that can be used in an existing tractor, combine or truck. It could be used on an emergency basis, or if the price of diesel fuel exceeds that of the soybean oil. "This capability gives the fanner a sense of independence from prices," he said. The Cooperative State Research Service (CSRS), a branch of the United States Department of Agriculture, has awarded a $92,600 contract to Clark to determine the fuel's viability for farm use. The fuel is a form of pure soybean oil that has been chemically processed to form what is called a soybean ester. Unlike pure soybean oil, these esters have properties nearly the same as diesel fuel. "We figure that if we can closely match the ester fuel properties with those of diesel fuel, we will minimize problems," Clark said. Differences between esters and diesel fuels can possibly be resolved by mixing commercially available additives to the soybean fuel. Clark said a main objection to the soybean ester fuel is that it can form wax in the liquid at a higher temperature (32 degrees) than does diesel fuel at zero degrees. This can clog filters. But additives can help overcome this problem, Clark believes. Part of his study will be to verify this. "My approach is to use the existing hardware and not new hardware," Clark said. "Instead of matching engines to the fuel, we will match the fuel to engines." Research will include extensive engine testing to ensure that the esters perform as expected and do not damage costly farm machinery. In testing, a four-cylinder John Deere tractor engine will be run with diesel fuel for more than 200 hours under varying work loads. Measurements will be taken that indicate lubrication oil deterioration, wear and tear on engine parts and engine horsepower. Then the engine will be torn down, measured and reassembled. The whole testing procedure will start again, only this time using soybean esters as the fuel. Three types of soybean esters will be tested Soybean fuel? — ethyl, methyl and butyl. Results will indicate which, if not all, of the esters can best be used in tractor engines. Clark said fuel from soybean esters would be designed for farm use, although theoretically the fuel could be used in any diesel engine. "The amount that can be produced from soybean oil is rather limited, because of acreage requirements," Clark said. Yet, soybean esters can provide the alternative fuel that the U.S. would need to keep U.S. food production viable in spite of Mideast policies and declining oil reserves, he said. Various studies indicate that petroleum production will peak in the 1990s, Clark said, meaning lessening oil supplies at increasingly higher prices. "I look at fuel from soybean esters as something that is not immediate," Clark said. "Right now, we can't say it is economically feasible. But, we will have the technology when we need it." Although various crops — such as sunflowers — can be used and refined for fuel similar to diesel, soybeans have the prime advantage of wide production. Also, soybeans do not require nitrogen fertilizer, which in itself requires considerable energy to produce. Also, after the oil is removed from the soybeans, a high protein cake remains that is excellent for both animal and human consumption, Clark said. Research is expected to take about a year to complete, according to Clark. The findings will be announced at the International Conference on Plant and Vegetable Oils as Fuels Conference at Fargo, S.D., next year. Range fire danger high this winter SOUTH HUTCfflNSON (HNS) - A Kansas State University specialist in range and pasture management has warned of "real fire problems" this winter because of vegetation spawned from rain this year. Paul Ohlenbusch, KSU extension specialist, said some native grasses were reaching above fences in parts of the state. "It's beyond what the old-timers have seen for some years," he said. When winter winds come, the vegetation could turn into tinder, ready to ignite and burn rapidly. Heavy snows could compound the problem, he said, by matting vegetation which could later dry out and burn. "We could have some real fire problems," he said. "You're not going to believe what those fires can do." Ohlenbusch said flames could reach 20-40 feet and could consume acres within minutes. "The large amount of accumulated growth will set the stage for potentially dangerous wildfires. If periods of low humidity occur, any fire can develop rapidly and violently if the wind is high. Fires will be extremely hot. Control will be difficult to impossible during windy, dry periods." He recommended preparing firebreaks early. Exhibit takes a look at death HAYS (HNS) - The Ellis County Historical Museum's newest exhibit focuses on an inescapable aspect of life — death. The exhibit on early funeral equipment features embalming tools and other items dating to the 1880s, which were donated by local and area funeral homes. "What we're trying to show here is a profession," said museum director Leonard Day. "We've had exhibits on early business equipment and this is no different from that." The exhibit has drawn a quick response, Day said. Several grade school classes and adult religion classes have made appointments to attend. "I've learned a great deal (from the exhibit) and that's what this is all about," said Day, who knows of no other exhibit of this kind. The equipment illustrates the changes In an industry that people don't like to think about, and the funeral director's role has changed as much as his equipment. The Great Plains J Tbe Salina 'ournal A mortician, Day said, has to be a very dedicated individual and he also must be an artist. "People are so emotional at that time (of death) that they notice everything (about the deceased)," he said. Other than cosmetic work, morticians can do little for the dead — their work is more concerned with the family. "There is a lot more emphasis being place on the care of the living. Everything is for the benefit of the living," Day said. "I couldn't believe all the psychological knowledge the mortician has. He makes you relate to that person (who died), that's his job." The exhibit features several varieties of embalming techniques, including a "home kit" that was used from 1875 to 1890. When a person would die at home, the mortician would complete the embalming there, Day said. Moat of the equipment was used in Ellis County. Two items in particular, a carrying basket dating to 1875 and a •lumber bed dating to 1890, remain in excellent condition, he said. Block draws support in poll By PHIL SWANN and JILL MacNEICE States News Service WASHINGTON (SNS) - The nation's farm leaders have assailed the Reagan administration for requesting drastic cuts in farm subsidies. But those same people think Agriculture Secretary John Block has done a good job, according to a States News Service survey. Asked to rate Block on a scale of one to 10, 17 farm state congressmen and agriculture lobbyists based in Washington gave Block a 7.7 average. Ten would be a perfect score. Moreover, 20 state and local farm bureau organizations gave the USDA head a seven average. "He ain't Bo Derek but he's done a good job," said John Lewis, a spokesman for the American Farm Bureau Federation, who rated the agriculture secretary an eight. "He understands the farmer's business." The good feelings towards the former Illinois hog farmer perhaps is an indication that leaders know he has the Smith Center man faces new charges OSBORNE (HNS) - A Smith Center man already facing burglary charges now stands accused of setting a fire that destroyed a rural Osborne home Nov. 12. Tom Ayrs, 24, was arrested Nov. 13 and charged with burlarizing the one- store wood frame home that later burned, according to an Osborne County Sheriff's dispatcher. "He was ar- reated shortly after it (the burglary and fire) occurred," she said. The home, which was owned by Mrs. Nick Maier, Osborne, was being rented by David Coulson. CouUon, who was in the process of moving from the home, was not there at the time of the 3 a.m. fire. An investigation by the state fire marshal's office revealed the fire had been set. The sheriff's dispatcher said the items taken from the home were recovered. support of farmers, many of whom back the administration's budget programs. Reagan chose Block because he was a "hands-on" farmer who would understand the problems of agriculture. But the president seems to have won a bonus: Farm state politicians have been less willing to attack program reductions because their constituents trust Block. "Most farmers believe that government should not be in agriculture and Block has supported that view," said Kentucky Farm Bureau President Ray Markey, who gave Block an eight. His counterpart at the Kansas Farm Bureau, John Junior Armstrong matched Markey's eight, applauding Block for his "down-to-earthness, his sincerity. He's a true farmer and rancher," said Armstrong. Adds Mark Helmke, aide to Indiana Sen. Richard Lugar: "He's (Block) one of them." House-Senate conferees considering the 1981 Farm Bill opposed specific cuts during the three-week conference but generally agreed that the budget has to be reduced significantly. Consequently they were reluctant to attack the former Illinois Director of Agriculture claiming he was simply following orders. Cindy Wilhite, an agriculture affairs aide to Sen. Robert Dole (R-Russell) said Block's performance rated a nine. She said Block is committed to restoring profitability to farmers through the marketplace. Do you need another employe? Hundreds of readers are looking through the classified ads every day. Phone 823-6363 and an ad-taker will help you. et us keep Christmas Holding it close to our hearts For its imMiiing never ends, And its spirit is the Wiirinth and joy of remembering friends OPENHOUSE Join Us For WASSILL & COOKIES COWTTRY CUF80ARO Inc. 300 N. Broadway, Abilene Abilene — Sunday, November 29 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. Also COME WATCH OUR TOLE PAINTING ARTIST At Genny'e Antique & Quilt Shop 2nd & Cedar Abilene "There is not a big demand on these items as antiques," he said. The exhibit includes prayer cards distributed at funerals and photographs taken before the person was buried. "A photographer would come in and take a photograph (of the deceased in his coffin). It was a tradition," Day said. Discussing the other changes associated with death, Day pointed to a letter dating to the 1920s that announced the death of a loved one. "Whenever someone received a little card etched it black, it meant that there was a death in the family," he said. Some morticians in the early days operated furniture stores, Day noted, because it was easier for the furniture store owner to receive shipments, which often included coffins. They also has better access to wood to build coffins. The exhibit will continue through Dec. 6. Krafts to Nicodemus NICODEMUS — Charles and Jessie Kraft, Norton, will appear Sunday at Ernestine's Bar-B-Que, located along US-24 at Nicodemus. Mrs. Kraft, dressed in authentic Scandinavian garb, will present a program on Swedish Christmas customs from her second book of poetry, "Moods in Melody." Mrs. Kraft's father was a dean of fine arts at Lindsborg's Bethany College. Her husband will accompany her on the piano. A buffet dinner also will be served. B&K PRESCRIPTION SHOP .. .people helping people CHOOSE and CUT Your Own LIVE Christmas TREE! 1700 E»t Crawford St. (Across the bridge on Crawford) Coming Soon eeeeoeeeeee.eeeeeee PIASTERS' Watch For Details Don't Miss Out On i ANNIVERSARY SALE! ^—^— ^^"•^^^^^^^^••^•••^^•^^^•{^•••{^••^^^^^^^^^^•Mli^^^^^H^^^^^HIHI All Merchandise In Stock Is Discounted!! including: •Quasar Microwave Ovens •Quasar Color Televisions •Storm Alert Systems •Audiovox Car Stereo •TV Antenna Systems •CB Radios •Novelty Horns •Satellite Receiving Systems GREAT TIME FOR CHRISTMAS BUYING! CLARK'S T.V. and Communications 2140 S. 9th Salina 825-7172

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