Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland on December 28, 1948 · Page 4
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Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 4

Cumberland, Maryland
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Tuesday, December 28, 1948
Page 4
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FOUR EVENING TIMES, CUMBERLAND, MIX, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 28. 1S48 Phone.JGOO For u WANT AD Taker Evening & Sunday Times Life's Darkest Moment By H. T. WEBSTER Tris Coffin ET«rr Afternoon (except Sunday) urn Similar Moraine, Published bjr The T]rao5 «nd Alltcanlaa Company, 7-9 Boula Mechanic Street, Cumberland, Md. »t tbt Postofflea at Cumberland. Ud,. u Second Matter. or tho Audit Bureau of Circulation Member ol the Associated Press Telephone 4600 Weekly lubjcrlptlon rate by Carriers One week Ev». only, 30e; Evening. Times per copy, 60; Eve, & Bun. TlmM, 40o per week; Sunday Times only, loo per copy. Mall cubacrlpQon .rates on implication. > The Evcnlnc Times and Sunday Tlmea awtumo no Jlnan- cl»l rcfponjlbillty tor typographical errors In advertlse- mcnti but will reprint that-part of an' advertisement In which • the typosraphlcaj error occurs. Errors must be nported at once. •Tuesday Afternoon, • December 28, 1948 OUR COVHTRY Thf union .of hearts, the union of handi nd tfi< Flag of our Union iannr—Morm. Truman Takes Lead ' WE ARE PLEASED to note that Dr. George Gallup—remember?—has recovered Irom what Mr. Truman calls "the late unpleasantness" and once again has sent forth bis emissaries to ask the people: "What man, living, today in any part of the world, that you have heard or read about do' you / Rdmire most?" This is a slight variant on ' the last similar question, which Dr. Gallup asked in March of 1947. Then he wanted to know "what person" was most admired. But only two women made the top ten last year anyway, so the current list still offers & good chance to see how fickle the fickle public Is. It should surprise no one, including Dr. Gallup, to find that Mr. Truman .got the most admiring votes in this post- election survey. He moved up from fourth place in 1947 .to ftaish in front—a feat, incidentally, that was duplicated in 1948 by th» world's champion Cleveland Indians. " . DOG WITH A SW<5<5T TooTH DISCOVERS A Piece OF BURLED UNDER A PtLE OF STALE' CIGAR Burrs AND A RANK OLD V PIPE Thomas L. Stokes "." ' LAST YEAR'S WINNER was General MacArthur, who. wound up third in the latest poll. • That isn't bad, -considering that & whole new generation has reached maturity since the last time the general was home.- Winston Churchill -also finish-. ed in the top five, though he dropped Irom third place to fourth. The only three per-' «ons who kept an unchanged place in the public affection were General Elsenhower, who was second both years; Secretary of' State Marshall, fifth,' and Pope. Pius, in eighth place. Governor Dewey, who--was elected President by everyone except the voters, can console himself with the thought that he's more popular after missing the boat twice than he was after one defeat. In '47. Newcomers were ex-President •He was seventh this year and tenth 1 Hoover, who replaced Mrs. Eleanor Roose- •. velt as No. 6; Harold Stassen, replacing the other 1947 feminine entry, Sister Kenny, in ninth place, and the eminent Dr. Albert Einstein, who .was tenth. : IF A COMPARISON of the two polls signifies anything, It seems to emphasize that Americans have not forgotten _the war. The Eisenhower-MacArthur-Marsh'all- ChuTcnill foursome is right up there both years. It also suggests that Americans admire a non-professional fighter like Harry Truman! The fact that these five men have retained top position for nearly three years Indicates that their place in the public's esteem is deeply rooted. The other five, with the exception of Pope Pius, reflect the connection between popularity -and publicity. Mr. Byrnes had recently resigned as secretary of state In March, 1947. This year he is not even among the also rans. Mr. Dewey's political prominence undoubtedly-elevated his position, and the same may be said,for Mr. Stassen. Mr. Hoover was the subject of a laudatory book in 1948 which became a best-seller. He"-is being consulted more frequently as an elder statesman! So it.Is not surprising to see him on the list. Dr. Einstein's efforts 'for world federation and peaceful uses of atomic energy may account for his place. • Movie stars, radio comedians, sports heroes and other supposedly "popular" people a're conspicuously absent. We think it's a pretty good list anyway. Arkansas Steps Forward With Youth Leading WASHINGTON — • Things. move by fits and starts in this world. Now forward a little, now backward, and vice versa. A backward step here is often offset by a forward step there. Typical of the forward step- is what is going on in the State of Arkansas in the Deep South. It was brought to national attention again recently by the visit here of the young newly elected governor, Sidney S. McMath, and a group or his young associates, many of them " war veterans like himself, who helped h-im to his election and will occupy key posts in his young men's administration which begins with, his inauguration, January 11. , The governor-elect, who had a distinguished war record with the Marines &nd in the gruelling Pacific campaign from Island to island, has, likewise proved his mettle on the political battlefield. He attracted wide notice. with a clean-up of rackets as mayor of Hot Springs, a resort city, and he and his vigorous young lieutenants broke up a poll-tax racket to defeat the •machine and win his election as governor. It was the old device familiar in Southern politics .where bosses buy up poll-tax receipts by the. thousands and vote lists, of names; en bloc. -This vote is often the balance of power. THE VICTOKY was along a wide front, for the McMath group enlisted young men of like mind all over the state'to run for the legislature. As a result, the new governor will have a legislature sympathetic with his program. Their success shows what a political group can accomplish if it has ideas, ideals, and energy and gets right down to .the precinct level with an organization to do a job. It was heartening to ait around •with the young men and listen to them, talk about their aims — new- schools, new roads, expansion of public-power projects to utilize the power potential of the state's many rivers, the greatest power potential of any state in the Union. An objective in the political field is elimination of the poll tax as a pre-requisite to voting. Arkansas is one of seven Southern states that still has this restriction. It is imbedded in the state constitution. The new governor will ask the legislature to start the process of repeal. WHILE HIS 6PPONENTS exploited the racial issue in their campaign against him, he refused to use it, saying flatly that the Negro was not an issue in the campaign. That is not an easy position to.take to the South. The Arkansas adventure offers a hopeful offset to what Is going on in other Southern States. In Georgia Governor Herman Talmadge is talcing a backward step. He is seeking'to deprive the Ner groes of suffrage through an educational test device that can be distorted, as It has been in Alabama and other Southern states, to stop Negroes from voting. In South Carolina a move is under •way to upset court decisions upholding the right of Negroes to vote in the Democratic primary. Among other reasons, the new Arkansas governor and his young men came here, frankly, to find out 'what federal funds are available to their state for various purposes, such as schools and roads and public health. One of them remarked, with a grin, that they had discovered the state was entitled to three or four millions more than they knew. They deployed all over the city in their mission. THERE WAS A LITTLE political missionary work done while they were here, too, designed both for • their interest and for that of President Truman and the Democratic party nationally. The President received the governor-elect at the White House and he also dropped in at a reception of the Arkansas Society in honor of Mr. McMath and his associates, Arkansas gave the President the largest vote proportionately of any Southern state. It is the President's desire to encourage progressive Democratic forces in the South, and Arkansas is a good symbol now with its incoming administration. The President hopes to see the Democratic party In the South become, in time, a real progressive party that can root out such Influences as those represented by the Dixlecrats. He owes the Dixiecrats nothing. He defied them, and they were shaken loose by his victory. His interests lie elsewhere, and so do those of the Democratic party nationally. (United Fea.tu.-e Syndicate Inc.) Peter Edson Rail Wages, Rates, Show Inflation Effect Giver Of The Statue ' AMONG THE NUMEROUS towns which the 'Germans devastated in the last war was St. Die, France. Its representative, Mme. Abel Ferry,.was honored the' other day by the New" York American Legion, whose members have been sending food to her town. The name of Ferry should open all American doors, for Mme. Ferry's uncle, Jules Ferry, as premier of France in 1884, presented the Statue of Liberty to the United States. Jules Ferry had other claims to fame. Believing that the French brooded too much over the loss of Alsace-Lorraine to Germany, he proposed colonial expansion as a substitute, and as premier was responsible for the annexation of Tunis and Indo-China. This won him the opposition of the "Tiger," Georges Clemenceau, later, the savior of France in the first world war. Clemenceau did not believe in foreign ventures, preferring to save France's -entire strength for the coming second war with Germany, which turned out to be a world war. His attacks brought Ferry down, and not for fifteen years did France have another' prime minister worth remembering today. l WASHINGTON — (NBA) — The record of railroad rate and wage increases since the end of the war provides a perfect case history of how' spiraling inflation works in this country, once it gets started. The railroads got a temporary increase in freight and passenger rates in February, 1942, but it was subsequently canceled. Then in January, 1945, the first round of wage increases-took effect. It was 16 cents an hour for all employes. May 22 it was raised 2^4 cents more to avert a strike. In Jh'e fall of 1947, railway labor won its second-round increase-.of - 15Vi cents an hour. This brought the total to 34 cents. The third-round,increase for op- • crating personnel went into effect Oct. 16, It was 10 cents an hour, bringing the engineers, firemen, conductors and trainmen up by 44 cents an hour since the end of the war. For the non-operating employes— 'shopmen, clerks and maintenance- of-way men, the increase just recommended by a Presidential emergency board is seven cents an hour, retroactive to Oct. ,1. This would make the non-op raises total 41 cents. to is an average increase of 23.6 cents an hour. In 1945, the average operating em- ploye got a base wage of a fraction under $1.10 an hour. With his 44 cents worth of postwar increases this average base wage is now $1.5-1 an hour. \ Actually, because engineers are paid on a basis of mileage and weight, of locomotive operated, as •well as on the time they put in, the average wage is said to be S1.57 an hour. It amounts to a 43 per cent increase. For non-ops, the average 1945 wage was 82.7 cents an hour. With the 41-cents-an-hour increases, the average) today would be $1.237 an hour. It is-a jump of 51 per cent. If the 40-hour-week plan goes through and II the non-ops average another 23.6 cents an hour Increase, the average -base wage will be $1.47 an hour. This would be a 79 per cent jump in wages. THE PRESIDENTIAL board also recommended that non-op em- ployes be put on a 40-hour week ' next Sept. 1 and that they be given the same pay they now get for a 48-hour week. What this figures out TO MEET WAGE boosts and other increases in operating costs, the railroads have asked and received a number of rate increases. First take a look at the freight rate situation. July 1, 1946, after the first round of wage increases, the railroads got a temporary freight rate increase of' 6% per cent. This • was replaced Jan. 1, 1947, by a permanent 17.6 per cent Increase. Then came three more temporary Increases after railway labor got its second round of wage increases. The first was 8.9 per cent on Oct. 13, 1947. This was raised to 17.3 per cent on Jan. 15, 1948. It was raised again to 21.5 per cent oh May G, 1948. This was replaced by a final increase of 22.6 per cent last Aug 21. The effect of tills final increase was to raise freight rates 4G.5 per cent above the level of June 30, 1946. The railroads are now asking for an immediate increase of eight per cent more and a final increase of 13 per cent above present rates. THE PASSENGER FARE increase is an even more complicated story because rates vary in eastern, western and southern terrltorities. First appeal for a passenger fare increase was filed by the New Haven road in 1947, All other roads followed in timi:, so that uy March 1, 1943, all coach fares had been increased to 2.5 cents a mile. The rates had been 2.2 cents a mile in the east, 2 cents in south and west. Pullman and parlor car rates were Increased to 3,5 cents a miles. They had been 3 cents in south and west, 3.3 cents in the east. Then in May, 194S, eastern roads were granted a further increase to 3 cents a mile for coach fares, 4 cents a mile on Pullman and parlor cars. What these increases amount to are 36 to 50 per cent on coach fares, 17 to 21 per cent on Pullmans and parlor cars. It averages out to a 25 per cent increase in, all passenger fares since 1939. History From The Times Files Constitution vs. Judge JUDGE DEWITT WHITE of Morgan-, town, W. Va., sitting. in Frankfort, Germany, has denied an American woman accused of murder her constitutional right of trial by jury. His reason: "When an American leaves the continental United States, he leaves the United States Constitution behind." This remarkable' conclusion may come as a shock to the citizens of-Hawaii, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and other Americans living off the continental mainland. It may shock Americans in our zone of Germany, where the governing authority is American. Does not the Constitution follow the flag, even more closely.than prosperity? We believe Judge White's decision to be his own law should immediately be challenged TEN YEARS AGO December 28, 193S Deaths Daniel A. Fletcher, Sr, 60, Avirett Avenue; William Murray, 85, Kitzmiller; Mrs, Mary A.' Ford, native of Allegany county, at Morgantown,.W. Va.; Mrs. Catherine .Ellen Lohr, 83, Frostburg, Temperature dropped to zero in Frostburg. It was 13 above iri Cumberland. Two sisters, Miss Lcno're Seifert, 51, and .Miss Edna Seifert, 47,. LaVale,, liurt in .an automobile accident on Bedford Road. TWENTY YEARS AGO December 28, 102S Nicholas Serpine, eight-year-old . son of Mr. and Mrs. John Ser- pine, Westernport, drowned in the Potomac River near the C. and P. Railroad bridge there. Deaths John F, Murray, 77, Thomas Street; Clarcr.ce Cheshire, 21. Romney, W. Va.; Mrs.' John Ward. 45, formerly of Cumberland, in Pittsburgh. St. Luke's Lutheran Church w.on the annual Potomac Edison Com' pany contest for the best illumin- ated outdoor "Christmas decoration in the city. THIRTY YEARS AGO December 28, 1918' Henry G. Ratke, this city, a B. and O. yard conductor, fatally injured in the local yards while coupling cars. Deaths Mrs. Hugh McVeigh, Midland; Samuel V. Naus, 52, and Thomas P. H. Kyne, 54, this city; George R. Boyles, 73, Piedmont, W. Va.; Cecil Humbertsor,, 21, formerly of Frostburg, in Detroit. President and Mrs. Wilson were received-by the King and Queen ot England in London.. IN ADDITION, commuters fares have been boosted in various metropolitan areas by some 20 per cent. Railway express rates have been advanced GO per cent, though the railroads don't get this revenue directly. They get what's left, if anything, after Railway Express Agency pays its expenses. Railway mail pay to the railroads was advanced 25 per cent Feb. 19, 1947. The railroads are asking that their pay for hauling the mail be increased by 65 per cent, but the Post Office Department is holdinc back on/that one, pending a general postage rate reorganiza'tion. Farm, Labor, Church Fight Gift Of Ruhr To Cartels WASHINGTON'—Flags are 'waving and bugles tootling for a show down between opposite wings of the Truman Administration. A newly formed coalition of farm, labor, church and liberal outfits is fixing to take on the sharp Wall' Street cronies squatting in tile State Department and Pentagon. The fight Is over what happens to the heart of European industry, the mines and factories of the German Ruhr. The Pentagon and State bigwigs are rushing hell bent for election to give the Ruhr to the same Germans who financed Hitler and who are now bowing and bobbing to Uncle Sam like a waiter performing for .a tip. THOSE RESPONSIBLE for this policy are: James V. Forrestal, the strong- minded Secretary of National Defense and ex-president of the Wall Street Investment house of Dillon, Reed & Co.;' his former partner, now Under Secretary of the Army, William H. Draper, Jr., and acting Secretary of State Robert Lovett, formerly with the Brown Brothers, Harriman banking firm. Draper is directly in charge 1 of American occupation policy in Germany and Japan. Also involved are Assistant Secretary of State for Occupied Areas Charles E. Saltzman, 'former vice president of the New York Stock Exchange; Paul Nitze, ex of Dillon, ' Reed and now on the German economic-'desk at the State Department, and Prof. William . Yandell Eliot of Harvard, -adviser to "Doc" Eaton, the outgoing chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee. ' These-boys grumble and belly ache about "do gooders" and sharpen their snickers-nees for the coming combat. THEIR ENEMIES ARE—Murray Lincoln, the hard driving boss of the Farm Bureau coops; Jim. Patton, the scrappy prexy of the Farmers' Union; Jim Carey, the youthful CIO secretary; A. F. Whitney, the veteran sachem of the railway brotherhoods, Kelson Cruikshank of the A. F. of L., the liberal Public Affairs Institute, leaders of the church federation, and a solid bank of Congressional and Administration hot. shots. They argue, "If we let the same old German cartels run the Ruhr there will be another war sure as shooting." A few days ago President Truman in a talk with Jim Patton said this way of thinking, was "very acceptable" to him. Last Monday, Murray Lincoln in his own folksy way, presented a whole-substitute pro- Brain, to Mr. Truman, Ironically, Lincoln's proposal to make the Ruhr a giant cooperative owned by all the Allies was. put to President Roosevelt four years ago .by bright American economic brain- trusters in London, The idea was drowned out by the shrieks of Henry Morger.thau, then Secretary of the Treasury.' He screamed that German Industry should be wiped out, broken up and carted off. Morgenthau had the support of a good many liberals then. THIS MAY COME as a'surprise to such penny-watchers as old man John Taber of the House Appropriations . Committee and pink cheeked Senator Harry Byrd, but Congress owns'and supports one of the most complete orchid collections in the world. Within a healthy stone's throw ol the Capitol are 8,000 orchid plants valued at around $130,000. But in . case the new Congressman's wife has notions of borrowing a bud for a. waltz at the Shoreham, no luck. The orchids are a part of the famed Botanical Gardens, and are Just lor display. The same steam system that heats the high-domed halls of Congress is used, to keep the- tropical temperatures needed to- grow the fragile beauties. (There's a sly rumor the janitors pipe in' the steam and hot air from filibusters.) THE KEEPER of the orchids is a scholarly looking expert; William B. Hansen, who has been watching over the plants like an anxious mother for 26 years. He likes to talk about the kind of care, needed to "please" the plants. With a glow in his eyes, he will show interested parties the tiny quarter-inch Purple Candlestick orchid, or a giant 8-incher he refers, to without a single twist of the tongue as a "Brassolaeliocattleya." It takes seven years' to get an. bloom. The seed is kept for a full year in a sterilized bottle and then transferred from pot to pot. New plants valued at a nifty S50 are being grown. Expert Hansen is crossing' breeds to' get new and exotic flowers. He is a true believer—you .have to be in' these days when strapless evening .gowns raise hob with the'orchid trade.. JIM PRESTON is a wise and tolerant gentleman who in his life on. Capitol Hill has seen much. Surprises are few. and far between.' Every time some young sprite runs breathlessly to Jim with a new story, the.former superintendent of the press gallery knaws his long moustache and recalls in a fatherly way some parallel, back yonder. Now the curator of the lobby reg- '. Jstration lists, Jim. Preston opened his. eyes wide the other day. A lobby blithely noted as its allowance, eleven thousand smackers a month to influence legislation. This lush fee is paid to Ketchum, Inc., a Pittsburgh public relations outfit running bases for the National Competition Committee. The NCC is a collection of steel companies lobbying against the Federal Trade Commission and Supreme Court basing point decision. When he was in the Department of Justice, Thunnan Arnold frowned loudly on ex-government slaveys taking big fees' from private interests for lobbying. His law firm has registered a $25,000 lobbying retainer from Western Union. It is in .the name of Paul. Porter, the witty ex-chairman of the Federal Commications Commission. ' . (Globe Syndicate) ' Henry McLemore's The Lighter Side HAVING,BEEN in China, and- Japan during most of. the past football season it is with confidence that I take typewriter in hand and.pre- • pare to select the winners of the 'New Year's Day Bowl games. ' • • ' For the first time in my many years of football forecasting I won't be hampered by any information on the subject. THIS IGNORANCE is 'almost certain to help me. During my twelve years as a' sportswriter 1 always came up to^the task of picking Bowl winners, bursting at the buttons with information. I knew just about all there was to know, including the middle names of graduate managers, ' the favorite desserts of. the .piccolo players in all the college -bands, the hat sizes of the halfbacks, the real ages of the tackles, the number of yards required to make a first down, the names of all the athletic directors who hated to give a sportswriter an extra ticket for his wife or sweetheart, the total number of hot dogs sold to all stadiums all year. . - . Yet, with all this vast background I 'wes- undoutatedly the worst forecaster of BowLgames in the business. • • ... . • • I even made the pigskin prophet of The Daily Worker look' good, despite the fact that he always insisted on selecting- teams that wore' red jerseys, no matter' their past performances. Now, with my head a vacuum. concerning things football, I believe I will gu'ess every game correctly. • . I may even go so far as to risk a bet on'my own selections, something few handicap-pert do. MY EXCELLENT health Is. another tiling which confidence in myself thii year. Remember, by being out of'the country and not being able to see any games, I'missed many, hardships. . • ' These include frost-bitten feet, chilblained ears, that, death-defying climb-to the Press rookery carrying a 16-pound, typewriter and. whatever that bottle of hair restorer, weighs, . and most important of all, the food that is served at Monday. Morning Quarterback Club Luncheons throughput the land. No one knows for sure what the food is that is served, at these luncheons, but it is'generally believed that it is prepared from left-over supplies from the Spanish-American, war. ." Now, "if I haven't misplaced the .-newspaper clipping showing the teams which, are matched on New. Year's Day, I will get down-to the business of giving you the .winners. Oh, yes, here it is, right, under a tempting recipe for "hoot owl souffle," which-1 must remember to try on my outdoor grill as soon as 'I build one. ' . . CALIFORNIA will defeat' Northwestern in the Rose Bowl. . •• North Carolina will defeat Oklahoma in the Sugar Bowl.. • ... Missouri will, defeat Clemson in the 'Gator Bowl. .-'.-• Southern Methodist will play: Oregon to a three-touchdown tie In' the Cotton Bowl. Georgia will defeat Texas in the Orange Bowl. William and Mary will "defeat Oklahoma A. and M. in'the Delta Bowl. ' Villanova will defeat Nevada in the HCirbor Bowl. • • Baylor will defeat Wake Forest in lib* Dixie ' Bowl. ' . • . ^ • There is an eight-game parlay, you «»n't afford to overlook. I didn't say bet' on it,, mind you. I just said don't overlook it. (Distributed by jfcNmsht SyndicnU, IBB.) James Marlotv The Nation Today WASHINGTON—The President's council "of economic advisers has jus: issued a dull report. After reading 16 of its 38 pages I fell asleep. I finished the rest later in a spirit of "111 do it if it kills me." This report, put out over the week' end. is an annual affair. The three-man council Issues one every year at this time. This, is the third time. The council was created by congress in 1946. As usual, the report is not well- written, although it seems to be an improvement over previous ones, The council seems to be aware of its literary shortcomings. It admits it's been criticized, and says: "The criticisms have been stimu- lative to our own further thinking and have also revealed the fact that some of our ways of stating our thoughts have been obscure or misleading," clamor develop a pattern inimical to one or both of the parties." That's pretty carefully stated. So is the whole report. (Associated Press) FORTY YEAR AGO December 28, 1908 George J. Meisel, 29, a local B. and O. trainman, killed by a passenger train near Terra Alta, W. Va. Deaths Mrs. Mary Baker, 59, Cumberland;-Mrs. Elmira Boor.'63, Bedford county, Pa,; Mrs, Christine Dando, 45, and Ambrose McKenzie, 69, Frostburg; Arthur Gilmartin, 70, vale Summit. A Farmer's Institute was held at the Court' House, Now that Pctrlllo has ended the disk ban, we wish they would start one in son-.e of the hamburger joints.'You'll have until a month after Jan. 1 to keep on -writing 1948, if you're like most people. A French girl is seven Icet tall and still growing. If she's depressed now, she may be ia for a circus later on. We just got rid of the golfer and now the hunter is bragRinp about his game, BUT 'GETTING OUT this report is only part of a/great deal of work which the council does all year. ' Its job Is to keep the President, Congress and the nation informed on how we're doing here at home economically. / It was created by congress to help us steer a middle course between, boom and bust. The annual report issued this week end is not to be confused with- the economic report on the nation which President Truman will hand Congress in January. The council will have a major hand in helping the President put together that January report. It probably will contain more meat than this week end report. It couldn't contain less. The three economic advisers are like ducks on a rock: wide open to be shot at if they say anything that displeases anyone. So far, in its more than two years of life, the council has escaped any fierce criticism from labor, business or Congress. All three watch the council carefully. AND THIS REPORT isn't -apt to make anyone very mad, except maybe the far left. The reports explains in great detail how much work the council has to do, and how hard it's trying to do it. And it discusses some of the country's economic problems. But there isn't anything new In what it says. Some businesses are big, some are small, and they have problems. And there's the problem between labor and management. For .example; Should the government step in and stop strikes or try to force management and labor to reach a settlement? The council said: * "There is no strictly logical answer to the proposition that, the concept of a public interest superior to any group interest, which has found its way into so many fields, will ultimately impose upon the government the responsibility for settling labor disputes if they reach a state where the national interest will not permit their continuance. "And many prudent men would deem it better to establish a pattern for such settlements before a crisis arises which might in a moment of So They Say I say that the Soviet Union is not a menace to world peace, nor is she a menace to. the security of the Western world. —Dr. Hewlitt Johnson, "Red" Dean of Canterbury. We have cut our incentives dangerously thin by inflation and an unwise tax system, .The continued success and stability of our system demands those incentives, --Gwllym A. Price, president, West- inghousc Elictric Corp. You just, have to talk to people returning from overi there (Germany) .to hear how we are making the Russians look like monkeys. —Clare Boothe Luce, former congresswoman from Connecticut, praising Berlin airlift operations. Hal Boyle** AP Reporter's Notebook NEW YORK—The year has com* to fin&l harvest—and the harvest was fine. ; 1948 A. D. will go-down in thie record" books as one of the best years of bur lives. It was a time when, on many fronts, man rescued his spirit from the chaos of'the postwar world. And It was a time when he openly dared to hope for an enduring, pattern of -wide peace, even though it be at present only a peace of truce. It stood out as a year of rising plenty. A flood tide, of American goods and machines flowed' out in waves that had' the power to wash away some of the miseries' in other.lands. There was work for almost everyone. There was a jingling in.the,pockets, and many things in the stores to buy. . The-price-tags were high, But at the end of the year the price, tags were coming down. Price supports are not the whole answer to a good farm program. They can result in a bad system of land' use and . might even crowd' small farmers out entirely. —Secretary of Agriculture Brannan. Give me the good old days when actresses could act, and chey didn't need a. press agent to laiyi in the headlines. Today the stars all have noses ahke, hairdo's alike and figures allsc. —Gloria Swanson, star of the silent screen. I believe ,the business boom is leveling off to some extent. —Harry A. 'Bullis, chairman, General Mills, Inc. It would be unpardonable to allow thi Ruhr arsenal to fall into the hands of Hitler's accomplices or a German group rapable of using it against the peace of the world. --President Vincent Auriol of Fricco To say that the Chinese situation is hopeless is to say that Asia is hopeless, that the future of the free nations of the' world is hopeless, —Dr. T. F. Tsiang, China's chief delegate to the UN. LOOKING BACK now, 1948'seems Just like Shakespeare's "A Winter's Tale." ' • In the old days families used to-gather around the fireside and hear a winter's tale before going to the warmth of bed and sleep. ' ' A good winter's tale had some sadness In it, some gladness—and hope at the end. And hasn't 1948 been just that kind 'of a story, too? •' It had romance, adventure, death, pros-' perity, tears—and a great big belly laugh. • In brief: . ' Everyone got a Valentine thrill out-of the wedding between "Bobo," the slagpile Cinderella, and young Winthrop Rockefeller. • • The heart of'boyhood was broken with the death of Babe Ruth, victim of one of mankind's oldest enemies. "Black Jack" Fershing dipped his colors and rode off to the endjess resting place of all good cavalrymen—"Fiddler's Green." Two apostles of peace—Mohandas K. Gandhi and- Count Folks Bernadotte of Sweden—fell to assassins' bullets. , The Jew and the Arab played a mortal scrimmage. .Communal strife bloodied ancient India:' Cochran's Barbs A coupe has no back-seat driver and often not even a front. • A Connecticut woman reported the loss of 12 canaries. Call out the flying squad! 4 Completing a crossword puzzle is perhaps the only way some married men can get in the last word. It's easy to get credit for being good'. Getting cash is the hard part. A New York pedestrian was only slightly injured -when struck by two autos within 10 mmutes^He should have stayed down for V.IK count the first time. . BUT OUT OF THE deaths of many men in . many lands the promise .of peace rose higher. It flew chiefly with.the thousands of anonymous young British and Americans who fed Berlin with an aerial ladder. And they. were, the larger heroes of the-year, for they signalled that the west would make no second Munich compromise. They were the heralds of a deepening order, a firming principle. Somewhere, unknown to us now, a child perhaps was born -in 1948 whose : memory the ^ earth will ha-ve 'reason to bless, always,. The mother of the year was Princess Elizabeth of Britain, who had a bonny prince the world wished well. . .' ' _ The big belly laugh '-was provided by. the little man from Missouri. Harry S. Truman hatched ia memorable surprise for the people who count their chickens ' before' they' are hatched. WELL. HAS IT BEEN so bad? Aren't people ' generally happier today? ArenVmore of them better clothed, better fed, better, housed? Don't more of them feel better about the world then- children will have to grow up in? That was the finest gift of 1948—the confidence it brought, the clearing of at least some of the clouding confusions left by the second worl war. If hysteria throughout the world isn't dead, it, is at least dying. • ' Well, so iong 1948. We only hope' 1949 can keep up the good work. People already art saying, "everything finn' ir> '49." (Associated Press) 4

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