Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland on December 27, 1948 · Page 4
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Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 4

Cumberland, Maryland
Issue Date:
Monday, December 27, 1948
Page 4
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'FOUR EVENING TIMES, CUMBERLAND, MD., MONDAY, DECEMBER 27, 1948 Phone 4600 For a WANT AD Taker/;Evening & Sunday Times The Timid Soul By H. T. WEBSTER Tris Coffin XTUT -Afternoon (exc«pt Su.idij) md Sundiy Mornlnt. Publlihed by Tho Timtj nod AUejanltn Company.-7-1 South Mechanic street, cumbcrlind. Mi, KBt*t«d »t tin Poitoifln 'it Cumberland. Md., u Second* • Clusj Mitter. ' • • -Kimber ol tb» Audit Suremu of Clrculitlon ...... i llsmbcr of tin Associated Press ' ' 4100 •WttkJy iub3crlptlon-r«t- bj -Currlen: Oat week Ev«, •Bly. Me: 1 E-Ftnlni-TlmM ptr copy, to; Ev«. is Sun. "Timci,'40o per'ifeeki.SKndnT Times-only, JOo Dcr copy.'. .Hal]. subscription rates on application. * .Th» Evening Times «ad Sunday Times aisume no flndn-. - -«l»l-n*ponsl!)ll!ty lor typographic*! errors In advertise-. >»«nti but Till reprint tnat pare of an advertisement In ' which -tbi .typographical' error • occurs. Errors must be "reported »t. once. . • . ' . /.Monday Afternoon, December "27, 1948 • ' •'••:•'; . • OUR'« COUNTRY . • "•'-, .Tlit union tf ntorli; the union ff ItanJs •lirf Int Flag of Our Union fonrtr—Morris. Always Be Prepared ' "' "~AS~ IF THE AVERAGE 'American didn't live under enough-tensions, trylng~to keep . .pace".with inflation, foreign wars and such, itt'cbmes to'mtnd. that, modern .radio has . 'lidded, a'.new pern to the complications of ;everyday living." • We speak"'of «the institution; of radio give-away programs. Nowadays, every American—every one with a .telephone, that .is—lives .-lh\ the constant'_ • Jeopardy that he may be called -by a- radio " give-away'program, be offered a'-fabulous fortune for answering a few questions; and • iin'd'..himself unprepared.' There is also- 'the'.added peril that'he 'may, actually: be. *ble"to recite/for fame .and'fortune "and'-. yrfjbe pre-emptorlly barred from doing-so because of being disconnected by some dis- . tant--teleph6ne operator. This'is the-un-. kindest cut-off of all, and has in recent weeks led to some hard feeling against telephone and broadcasting companies., UP Id HAD, MOMENT MK. MILQUETOAST - CROSSING ;THe tf.0- Uncle Sam Must Run Greece Or Abandon It To Its Fate Thomas Is. Stokes , ::.,NOW THIS SHAKY give-away precipice on which. Americans exist"_is. not entirely ' bad.-; For- one thine, it' puts a new and more-•Immediate 1 value on education Tor our.youn'g. Th e . re was a ^^ ms when Junior couldn't.quite see 'the percentage in piling, up -stores. of information, such as: "All Gaul, is divided into three parts . ; ." Cor was. during; Caesar's, time)-; wormed labor.. lously r irom the Latin pony. Now, thanks to 1 --radio's incentive, all this has been changed.-.' Junior has twirl the dial at random 'any ;evening to hear dumb-Johns and Janes raking in electric washers, trips • to' Bermuda^ lifetime supplies of breakfast • food,"-dog food and- ball point pens,, to be convin'ced" of "jthe'value, here and'now, of adequate and readily'available knowledge.• One anguished housewife's'moan'that she Just doesn't know who was the'last president before William 'Howard 'Taft to wear «. beard is proof positive' that - one should commit to memory not only the names and-, birthplaces and .dates of all presidents, but k alao.their facial appearances,.rhlddle names; outstanding peculiarities such as warts or ;harelips,, and- any other data that might.- conceivably pop-into the fertile brains;-of thoat-geniuses who devise the quizzes. The Old Order Changeth; NewRapidlyDa\vns WAHINSGTON — The neatly dressed little.guy stared grimly at the silent crowd before the gloomy House of Bepresentatives. . The bright floodlights' glanced off his glasses and gave him a strangely martial look. There, was'-an,' .unfamiliar harshness in his voice as he' said, "The gravity.of the situation confronting, the world today necessitates my appearance before a. joint' session of- Congress." . . . Thus, 21 months ago, .Harry Tru• man pounded out-the Truman Doctrine lor Greece, on a gray afternoon of late winter.' . ••' • •..Today secret documents• circulating in the'State, and Defense : De. partments tell a dismal story—the experiment in Greece Is a flop.' ..' Tills Is the -reason why heavy, jowled Ambassador. Henry 'Grady is in Washington, instead of- Athens; why Secretary of the Army 'Kenneth • Royall'made a quick trip 1 to.Greece. ' A 'very hush-hush directive from, the Big Mind of 'the State Department, the'Policy Planning Staff, is recommending that-the' "U. S. either get the heck out of Greece or put a lot more in. • * Some of 'the'facts. in the'secret, rep'orts are: The - Communist-dominated and directed guerillas are stronger now than when.we went in. •They control most of Greece away from the sea coast. ... . • . ..,' Uncle Sam is openly being called"Uncle Shylock," not. only by the . Commies, but also by the official' Greek radio and 'newspapers. We are catching hell from all sides' because of high taxes, low wages, pov- • erty, military inductions, and bad- crops. ' ' .": . '.''"': The Greek Army-is composed of 250,000 reluctant soldiers; as compared to 50,000 before the. war. Half of the government's budget goes for. / "military operations. Seven hundred .' thousand refugees jam the coastal ' cities. . -. is tiny Albania,, northwest of Greece. WASHINGTON — Everywhere. in nation is playing on .behalf of the world, today .the -new. order/is: struggling peoples — at the moment in conflict jwith- the old. '•' .-.',..' '.the sixty-one millions in the Re'"Ring out the old, ring- 'in the ..-"public or Indonesia. new'" has, therefore, .its', special and - It makes one proud of. our coun- . .somber significance 'as-''- we again try to-. see it acting in oui- historic • approach the end of -another year 'tradition. .-It seems that we take and 'look forward expectantly and mush -more seriously than some of hopefully, to a new year •• ''•' our allies .the '-ideals of the war of ' : lbeation which are our traditional We are just- coming to realiy lbeation, which are our traditional liberation, gave new.hope .to • subject and suppressed people all-over'the ' tives- of other' peoples struggling for 'freedom, self-government and sur- less republican acd -self-rule aspirations of;'millions. of -:op'le in the Pacific realm are encouraged, and conditions . among, them Improved, .Communism will find "fertile ground. That is something that seems hard for the old order to understand, though it hae a history in •• China today. The British, in their usual -accommodation to circumstances, took 'the step of ^adjustment in India. •The Dutch must move in. the same way if.-they, are to save .what they. WHILE THE OTHER, boys on The Hill were sitting stEl' sucking their thumbs. "Wild Bill":. Langer, the . bombastic : North Dakota Senator, jumped in and starred a probe of shortages holding up rural electrification. - • One startled -Senator' went 4o Langer and said, "I think It's a grand idea, Bill, but where in- the world did you get the authority to investigate rural electric shortages? I thought your committee was Civil' .. Service." .-•'.' Without taking his cigar out of . his mouth,'. Langer • drawled, '.'Isn't, the Rural Electrification Administration under ' civil service? And doesn't the REA--supervise rural electrification? Simple!" Under this theory Langer can in• vestigafe up and.down the government until the cows come home. . '• An eye-opening bit of evidence on • rural electrification' shortages was produced by the hard-working Senator John C. Stennis of Mississippi. Big' power companies had gobbled up so much materials, the Mississip- . pi cocrps were forced to buy conductors'" from the black market at $5 ' . to.$6-above -the normal'price. A New .York broker located 'conductors' made' from re-processed aluminum .scrap'and sold' In Europe by Swiss sharpies. MOST BACHELORS with the coin-to do It think of. vacationing ' in. a spot where the ladies are • lovely, plentiful and not too aloof. .' But a well-to-do New- --.Orleans socialite, and businessman 1 - turned thumbs down, on the, bright lights for his: two-months vacation. He.came to-.Washington 1 to see how the : wheels' of government' go • .round. Government and'politics are the -absorbing- hobby of •young and personable Bryan Bell, a war vet- '•eran. • • . .-••..• As a senior, at Princeton before -.the war, Bryan spent his summer vacation 'wallowing, in .the politics of Indiana, 1 a-state where politics is worldI and released newforcesthat-.-*™ 1 have come knockins at our have'frpm the turmoil, tturiu. ana ruenaca IUILC;> uidi' •, j_-„- _ nrna fe,* Af 3 nn j ,~,_j rt ™,,,,T, mi : i *- .-___ doors, some feted and made.much. X? popular heroes, others in 1 'the We-are -coming to see,', too, how : hard it-is for' the old order of em-- pire and colonial imperialism to.' accept this fact. Indeed .the old', order surges-back spectacularly' as'.' the year ends, , A current. dramatic example.- -is.'- m'ent and told his story of the diffl- offered by-the Dutch. -They moved. '• culties .of his 'people wish their in suddenly with .fire and sword, Dutch overlords, and the guns--of and without warning, upon ,'the/•• Dutch troops far across the world struggling;Indonesian. Republic with-, broke out. simultaneously to drive in their Pacific colonial..empire of! .home his arguments. They make professions and promises, move part way . toward ' an •adjustment, then, draw bac!: with an outburst of temper-and gunfire, .reluctant to accept the verdict of K the Netherlands shock, the world. East Indies -:to" .' It is regretful,to draw tlie'parallel, !• but- they proceeded''with the cold kind".' and - ; ruthless precision- of Adolf Hitler when he took-over Czechoslovakia to set in motion the THUS,' AS EACH new burden on man- • counter-defensive in' . the second d-.'has iS'"compensations, so has ^his' ;; '''"' w °5W''"War, .'and the same cold peril of the radio give-away. -So far the' ^^T^^a t°he S- system har broken-very few people com-' osloyakia. performance to cap the pletcly. , And -think of all the persons it has either made 'rich beyond their wildest calculations,' or at least provided .with. some.. . new. alumlnumware. ' And, in the realm ' of intangibles', 'think of the hope, the extra and immeasurable hope, which the'give- ' away'adds to "the American .dream" of. .getting ahead. Let-us or'ace ourselves, then, for the .-worst—for either the tragic possibility that we may. not know when ^quizzed, or that, .knowing, we may even -yet7be thwarted by a chance, pulling of :;» pluB in a rSnote telephone" switchboard. Jlnd strong in the knowledge that someday .our call may come—and'r.eniain connected • —face the future with fortitude. more quiet and restrained manner. '-.: In the latter category is slender, bespectacled Dr. D. Soemitro,-finan- 'cial- and trade representative of the . war in *vhlch they v;ere saved from •Indonesian Republic. ' ' - - extinction only by others. • ' : /-•He called at the State Depart- , _ ..-." ': INDIA; UNTIL recently,. and the Dutch Easf Indies; represent the outmoded design , of colonial dependencies that pay big-' dividends to European empires through exploitation of subject people an'' their resources. Now -the people are asking an end of that,- They are'-asking for self- governmeat,' self-reliance, and ' n. THE .GREEK GOVERNMENT, is so-lethargic to U. S. suggestions that State's Policy Planning Staff -put down on .paper :a recommendation that all-American aid'be withdrawn ... a genuinely-popular pastime. It was unless the .local" big shots start co-. such fun, lor' Bryan .he spends his' operating: One'incident-is revealing. '. 'holidays now hitch hiking on cam- ' American economic doctors made, paign wagons.--. • • '. • . an inspection.tour of warehouses in,:; . -'This fall, Bell rang,doorbells and: 'Athens. The first two were jammed,- ran a loud speaker truck'-for Go'v- to the gills with clothing and boots ; emor-elect' Chet Bowles "in Con- .while the Greek people were .-yell-.- necticut. Bryan commented joyfully, ing for something to wear. The local "it's a darns- sight.-more fun 'than bozo accompanying the. Americans just shrugged his shoulders.-'. :•/ -.-.-1- State . Department deep thinkers' are .saying bluntly, "We've either -got to roll up. ohr'sleeves, get in and completely run Greece from'- top to toe and .create some^ diversions in Henry McLemore's - - - ' -• The Lighter Side i BEFORE ANYTHING is done ibout raising, the President's salary remembered'- that the mau" : In'the :White House always'get»-. 'his '. ' 'Starting with' George Washington, who could probably shoot a turkey from- the'.back porch, of Mount Verrjoc,.game being what it.was In- those days,- right, on down- to .Harxyr.S. Truman,no President, has.had to. dig down-in his pocket for the'bird', that he'and'his. family-fight-over for the ..choicest pieces each Christmas..: • -• It Is-my-guess" that Mr. Truman', has been, sent, more turkeys, than there were soldiers in the CBI Theatre during the war.: •; NOT TO HAVE to-pay for a'-turkey ..this year is a. financial windfall, -indeed. .If you have priced them—and I. know you have—you;' know that they are 1 almost- -worth their, weight to-uncut' diamonds. I am. surprised that '-butcher shops, most.. . of which lack massive'vaults and iron-grilled windows, are willing to handle them..- "-, . Turkeys, priced "as they are now,- should . • be handled by firms with,- 'adequate facilities for protecting'articles'of high value, " ;• "• .National. City. Bank, .- Cartier's, Bank at America, and Fort-Knox,-'to name a.few.^ , For a butcher, to leave the turkeys in''p'lite . view is to invite burglary. . . Too,, with our national bird costing -what it does per pound, "It seems out of place for';«butcher, wearing a-white apron sprinkled S«r«.' and there with bit* of .liver and hamburger; to . handle them-. •'-. -^ FRANKLY, I HOPE the prices of turkej* keeping soaring-into - the' stratosphere unffl . there comes a 1 day ,whenr the • cost-' of-'thezr will prohibit .them from-, being our natioml: . . bird, and we Americans- can settle on': some-i ; thing easier to-carve., and 'something whica 'does-not linger','in. the ice• box. so long." -,, For the past seven or. «ight years, as tho»c • of; you 'who have been, patient'enough to r»«d- my column' know, I nave been advocating :thi meat loal as. our national bird;; ;.. •;;. - - .j-' • ;No feathers ;"io pick, little or no-' troub?«:-to cook, and highly, cooperative .to the" carverV knife, and much, more-reasonable'in price'than the gobbler. - . . .- l ..,'" But I iave changed my-mind about the meat loaf. • . -. " : ' .: . • '. -. .--. This'year. I want to come out strongly-for » the. frankfurter as the - main course- at 'Thanks- giving and -Christmas- dinners.! ' • . : . the Balkans,'or admit we're'licked." - These laddies say the only way. to stop the'red satellites in the.Balk- ans from .shipping arms wholesale to .the guerillas Is. to stir up a revolution. The one spot: where .we could do the trick with' the least trouble a yacht trip.".' • . .The second'inb'nth of his : vacation, Bryan Bell traipsed' around Wash-.'.' ington as a volunteer ilegman for' this column'.. He sat in-the front row., at .press conferences', with-' his eyes -open and his writing hand-busy. His final, words • were. "See you ' later. Every citizen ought to get his ..feet .wet in government and politics. I It's not. only' instructive but a lot 'of fun," ••'•••" ...'••' Thanks, Bryan! • • •• (Globe Syndlcntc) 1 Soviet, expansion in-.Europe and begin what we call the "cold war" which In turn,-has brought; its own., .defensive In our European Recovery. •Program. - , - - . It is.all a part of the-same pattern. "THE ONLY BRIGHT, and^encour- ' aging chapter In the whole upheaval. of. reaction,' Is -the -part' that, bur The United States acted promptly. It threw the new aggression into .' the.United Nations Security Council .with'a demand for a cease-firing order in the effort to start -for a second time to'recent months the process of negotiation. On its''own, our government cut off Marshall- Plan aid to Holland until a suspension of hostilities. . '• The Indonesians .charge, and the •Dutch deny, thai-Marshall Plan aid has been used to provide, munitions Vof war against the .Indonesians. - IN THE CUSTOMARY,way the ;Dutch have come forward with allegations of Communlsl.participatioii in the'Indonesian republican movement, through the republic not long since squelched with Its own forces a Communist uprising. » One thing is certain, however. Un- James Marlow The Nation Today 'greater share in the riches with has endowed ; WASHINGTON—Has . 1948 'left which nature has endowed.,, you with? a' feeling, of 'unfinished native land. ..--r.-'V...';' . business? "J Recurrently, through the-350 .years.". of Dutch rule 1 of the East- Indies, the native population hns revolted to get something for Itself. But in vain. ... It wasn't the order of colonial imperialism, ' and ..that order was maintained by a sort of gentleman's agreement among: j the exploiters which',- through the'centuries, have included the British; the French', the Germans, the Belgians and the Dutch. . . • , • 1 The old Is ringing out, with-, a. terrible, clang. (United Fcaiure-'Snydicatc, Inc.) Peter Edson Housing Hit By Venezuela Revolt Tax Preserve WASHINGTON—(NBA)— There's •a curious' housing problem in the swank, white,, modernistic Venezuelan embassy In Washington. have made a Changed man of him— disappointed and extremely bitter, RECENT MEETING of American There is no'thought of easing.up on security requirements aimed to keep out subversives. • v -THE MOST- SIGNIFICANT peace over-' •turVof 1948 may be\not In -the field, of foreign relations' but iri purely domestic -affairs. There Is a move toward discussion of taxation between the federal government and'"the American -Municipal Association, • "tSe'coHective representative of city governments. • Outcome of .the discussions, \to begin early in 1949; might be an agreement ;-tq.set'aside certain classes of taxing, now •ujed by-the federal government, as a city '- tax preserved The problem' of finding'new '-. sources of' revenue is common to cities 'throughout the country. In almost all of '•'.'them the real-'estate tax has'been pushed to. - '"the limit. In casting about for new things , to'tax, the city is hampered by '•strlctlons • and by federal levies .already ;" existing, * : A federal tax does not.neces- ••"sarHy -preclude a local tax on -the"-same - thing, but in most Is as much as the"- -traffic' will - safely . bear. Especially "coveted by^the Municipal Association are "amuseiients, box office admissions arid "night'club revenues. Taxes on these are ""'considered to be "peculiarly suited-to muni-- "-clpal administration," but the federal gov-.. '- eminent has them-well sewed-up.. Several Bother lucrative revenue taxes are in ques- -tipn,-but mostly'these.are matters for deals wj. • j-, ' fl, • -between city-and state, governments. • As tllStOry PrOIH L tie 'f af'as the taxpayer is concerned, ajiy.agree- " merit on taxing between cities and the '"federal government could'mean''only one r - thing—more taxes. - • • " . ' ' After the recent-^ military revolu- . ".Federation of Labor, leaders in tion..which overthrew the administration of President Gallegos, Ambassador tp'. Washington Gonzalo Carnevali-resigned.. .But he has not yet moved out of the.r ibassy. • . In the meantime the new Ambassador Pocaterra has . arrived in Washington. He has been forced to park elsewhere. ''. •-.-;•The. United States ' government's delay- in recognizin£^the new Venezuelan government made It Impossible for Ambassodar Pocaterra to present, his .credentials and claim the residence. - '"'-.'' In the interim. Counselor''Casas- Briceno, charge d'affaires, is'allowed to use the chancery offices which ' adjoin the embassy, but Ior-business purposes only. . • OLD WASHINGTON 1 friends and- co-workers of Henry, Wallace-who have seen .the Progressive Party candidate since the'election report ' him terribly depressed and morose. The small showing his party on 'Novj 2 was the third big disappointment of. his life — the first being .Roosevelt's' dropping. him. as vice president, the second being Tru-" •man's firing hinvlrom the cabinet. - Wallace was extremely ambitious j- the early New Deal' days. These • three political, beatings are said to Washington doped -it out that the acid test of President .Truman's loyalty to labor would come when an expected filibuster, develops in the Senate against .-changing Taft-Hart- .Truman, .they reason, could ask Vice President. Barkley to accept .a . motior.'for cloture, limiting debate In the Senate. • At this same APL meeting, it was agreed that complete repeal of Tnft- Hartley law and return to the Wag. ner act was Impossible. The non-v Communist oath would be permitted to'stay. In the revised law, Ac official statement by Labor's League for Political Education admits that, "In-the 1 Senate we will have at least 38 friends — enough to sustain a veto, but not enough to guarantee repeal of the Taft-Hartley act." DISAPPOINTINGLY small number of • displaced persons admitred to U. S. since, DP act was passed is said to be entirely due to requirements for guarantees on ' housing and jobs for all immigrants' admitted under tbis law... ' . Consequently, move is developing to have law amended hr next'Con- gress, taking out some of- 'the red tape. ^Propaganda Money : :: ,:IN HUNGARY,-the people listen to the ." government if they want to get news. The '•Hungarian deputy prime minister, Matyas- Rakosi, who is a Communist like: the rest --. of-the administration, told the'workers'the ^ other day that Communism was responsible,for...the eight per cent Increase in their ."wages. -But it appears that workers had : not been conscious of having received any ' •• increase, let alone eight per- cent. . It must "be-so, however, if the Communists say so. ••The-official newspaper says that anyone who does not find the extra money .in his purse has simply fallen a victim, to the --..Propaganda of the reactionaries. In ptlvrr _, words, dream on, Hungarians,, dream on! TEN YEARS 'AGO December 27, 1938 William Blocher, 22, Frostburg, and Thomas -Jackson, 35. Pine Avenue, injured \ in a.:traffic accident on Route 40 between Frostburg and Gr'antsville. '•- •'_ .. Deaths Mrs; .J.'William Wickard, 73. Market Street; Daniel Thomas H'eyer, 52. Bcall Street; J. S. Rhodes, G4,,.Swanton; John.W. McCloud, 68, Keyser, TV. Va, Cei'tificato of i n c o r p o r-ation granted the McCoole Volunteer Fire-. Department. 1 . It. had 'no shares . or capital stock. ' THIRTY YEARS AGO December 27;.1918; Local stores signed an '• agreement to begin closing at 9 p. m. on-Sat j ; ui'days. - .-...: Cpl. .William .Mears.' Froscburg, wounded In action -in France. Four persons were under . arrest for the murder of Louis Lashbaugh, one-armed Ecknrt youth, during a robbery. ' . Deaths Airs.' Edith E. .Springer, 28,' and Miss Ella Kearney,. 20, this TWENTY YEARS AGO December 27, 1D28 Paul Erwin Shobe, 21, Roberts Street, .died. Al • Jolson in "The Jazz Singer" was showing at the-Lib'erty Theatre. Three boys, George. -Weaver, 13, and his brother, Edward Weaver, and James Geatz, both 14,. were rescued .from, the ..Potomac. River after -falling through thin ice. FORTY 'YEARS AGO December 27, 1DOS • Deaths John Casper Landwehr,, 80, -and Miss Laura v. Laney, this city;-Mrs.'.Ellen M.-Clark, 74, • retired local school .teacher. Joseph McGinnus died of injuries received in a railroad mishap al . Elk, Garden. .. Funeral of John B. Pcnrod. berlaud. BIG QUESTION for. Washington on the Chinese front was whether Peiping and Tientsin -would -fall to the Reds before the Nationalists capital in Nanking and possibly/the big port city of Shanghai. Whichever fell first -would' give Washington some clue on-how. the , Chinese Communist force: Intend to treat U. S. government dfffcials,.' citizens and .property.. -'•''.'.. The American 'colony/ of 'GOO In Pclping- hns now been -reduced by evacuation ; to about 250, mostly mis- • sionaries and students. 'In Tientsin • the- American colony has been re-'-- duced to '90, mostly business representatives for oil, banking, shipping, export and import houses. • In Shanghai are 2300 Americans, about •half missionaries, half businessmen, with a staff of over 100 in the U. S. Consulate. In Nanking are 500 'Americ'ai.s, including the Embassy staff of 75. U. S. Consul Angus Ward and liis ! small 'staff in Mukden, Manchuria, overrun by the Communists, haven't been heard from since mid-November, save for a report. that their radio transmitter has been seized and'silenced. ONE OF THE BIGGEST displaced . person operations in the world, about which there has .been little publicity;! concerns some: 5000.Jew- ish DP':; in Shanghai.' • • : / Originally' the colony numbered j:5,000. These refugees 'fled Ger- ..many-in'the 1930's; wandering all over .Europe and; Asia- before they . could find asylum in China. During Jar-ariesv occupation they .were horded in .'a ghetto, and many died.:-' Since 1 the war about. 1C.OOO have been .evacuated, some .going to Australia, some back to' Europe, a few to, the U. S. • These Jews IP. China urc not eligible to enter this country under the displaced, persons' act. Big problem now is how to-get the last 5000 out ahead of the Communist advance.. Under the .ew Israeli .constitution, any Jew from any part of the world hns a right f enter r.he new state. '•.*,•-• ."•'>'••• •'". •-•' Do you feel, that somehow you've been living < (through'- a 'year that v/as only getting ready Tor next year, or the next? The year 1948 has left an awful lot of loose ends dangling." . -,. " First, of course, there were -the> Russians, and.' Berlin, .. and the . United" -Nations, and - the Marshall 1 Plan:'-all unfinished- business, - -, By mid-year -the Russians, wh9 had been getting tougher. by the minute, got - very tough and threw a land blockade around Berlin/ We had to begin shipping in supplies by, air, a very expensive job. 1 And we're still .doing that. Ko one knows how it Will end. . '. , .. . But everyone knows itls only part of the vast non-shooting war between • this country and Russia.. And*in .the-'United Nations the Russians screamed and called names and got names screamed, back' at them. THIS PERFORMANCE ''of: the .diplomats wasn't- very pretty to the plain ' people • everywhere who.' thought the XT'. N. had been created to bring- about some kind .'of world harmony. • But at least at year's eiid the, U. N. is still in existence, although looking pale. ... • ' . . • And the Marshall Plan got start-' ed. The 80th. Congress voted billions, for it to help Western Europe" re-. • cover and stop Communism.. • • The plan, is-reported.'to ; bc-,dolng' • some-good. But it.will have to"go' on for maybe three more" V3ars ! or •longer. '.. • . - - • So it \vill be a: long time before we know for sure whether it.will', accomplish what it set .-out- to'"do; -.'' '. whom any charge was made..-And the grand jury which indicted him on December 15 folded- up the same ciay. • .'.':'• • That Jury hnd been investigating spying for 18 months nnd{ since its life was only 18 ^months, it had to' end. • ' ^ Then 'a, new'grand -jury picked .up where : the old'one left-off. It will be looking into spying in 1949. So will the House • Un-American Activities -.Committee, which c'ug Into spying In- 1948 but is rather quiet right now, getting ready its report on the year's work.- In. 1949 it will pick up where It left off. (By The Associated. Prws) So They Say There will 1 probably come a day when all the -fine writers will be turning out lewd books. I foresee libraries with, sections labeled "sex" right next to the ones labeled "geography."— James Hilton, British novelist. • The United States' is not the only ;country in the world where auto-, mobiles are made. It is the only country, 'however, in. which.most of the workers who "Make them can afford to buy them,—Secretary of Commerce Sawyer. ' . : • • I 'am 'convinced the Taft-Hartley act cannot be -amended. You can't ;unscramble rotten eggs, ' . —Cimrlcs J. McGowan, president, AF1 Intcrnationn.1 .Boilermakers' . Union. .THE FRANKFURTERS is an-even "more tractable "bird'.' than-the meat, loaf.--l.y-, ; '.'' As.for carving, a man who can't? cirve-a . frankfurter' shouldn't be' trusted. with; i/knif e~ - He ii a dangerous fellow: .,-;• ' . !.' ; • '.. The meat of-the frankfurter ii full-bodied and rich. ' ' . ..-.}, It/can oe arranged:'in 'many attractive: and amusing designs and 'there' is' nothing: th»f can • be'done •with, 1 it afterwards. • . ''•> | i . Frankfurtervdon't make jroo'd hash:']' . • They make- poor ' croquettes," and . sr for . frankfurter soup—well,, just open', a fefitiurart. where that, is-the', specialty of the. houac «n<J . see how long it takes you to" go broke." So,' hail to thee, blythe franWurUr; bin! thou. neverTwere-! ' , , • '..- But'you don't co«t newly a doliwji pound- either/ • v '• .;.-'• (Olitrlbuwd by McNuirht •/ndiciw, iMvf . * BalBoyU't AND HERE AT, HOME, looking back, 1948 seemed .'to' "bo a-.' year of . endless war between Presldcrit'.Tru-'' man and the: 80th Congress, run •'by- Republicans. V • ..- .'."'"."".•."•..The "do-nothing.-Congress,"! 1 he called it. He mace that a •slogaii-irH his fight for election to '.a' full four--' year term in'the White'House'."- And he won, much to the embarrassment • of Washington's - political experts and-the-nation's poll- takers who said he, didn't. have a. • Chance. ' •-• - ;.-'•" This-startling;'victory alone forced everyone to realize that 194(3 .truly was a year of unfinished business because— . ..- i_.. With the Democrats back in co'n- trol of ,Co:\s;ress in 1949. . -they'll have a chance to do what they said in 194& they'd 1 do if they got elected. And what they promised was real- , ly a promise to revive. and cany on the New Deal which had gone into a corna before President -Roosevelt died in 1945. So the Democrats took their election as a.n. order from the people to RO. on> with their unfinished • business. ' The. Russians debated the'ques- fion- of a shooting war. !ate in the summer, but .they decided against it ' and have resumed their cold war tactics. —Adolph • A. Berle, Jr.,. former assistant secretary of. state. We should stop trying to work out a timetable for peacetime develop-' 1 ment of' atomic energy and go ahead .wifh- construction. The- first plant won't be good or economical, but, •it .will be the basis for further 'development and will-put us ahead in our research. —Dr. Charles A. Thomas, executive vice president, Monsanto Chemical Co. - '•.. -.-.... .. What 1 have I done? I start this thing (the giveaway radio show) AP Reporter^ Notebook NEW YORK—There lire two time*' Jiftth*- . year when the skyscraper prisoner dare to.brwik . the pattern.. . ' • They try.' to know each other then-^-Bt Christmas party and a New Year's party.-;..: ' •: The'parties are held in..the. offices iriicr* they work, where. In. .anonymous ways ."they • have spent the' : year "doing the king's work' all' tlie dim "day'long,"'to borrow a'phrase from Cousin Browning, '"'•'• • • ..." • ?<• It is then that' the little folk who Itbot.'ln''*' the; big 1 skyscrapers, make their daring-investment in fellowship. . . . " . -'..'. All the months through, they have,worked, side, by side 'together, sharing -. their -tasks-., but know each, other no: more than two cogs- swim-", ming in an equal oil; ' - ''.".-•. " . •'' . • •And then some courageous exponent of-sear sonal cheer says on the day before Christmas or New .Year's: v "Let's throw a party—right here, befor»:-wc,'' go home.". . . . ' :•-..'•• . . .' • WELIi, THAT'S a big. adventure here in-the brave concrete caverns of old New-York. •< Because that means they have to break the pattern of their . year-long anonymity.''-• A i'few hold back and say, "No,, I have, to go. home : early. Got to'help trim'the,.tree." .-. '.:'•:' • But most of them.havfi an eager desirr-to suspend "business as usual.",-• Ambushed" by . good, will, they' want to know each, other.' .To' them a, party in the office Is .-as, .exciting. M a. picnic on a battlefield—and thnt v of course, ix'-. 'exactly what It Is;-"' : "•'••" ' • Tlie prettiest stenographer circulates »n en- - velope' bearing.this .legend:. - '• . •- •" • "Now .is the time/for all -good men- (and ... galsX to come to the-aid. of/the party.}' •'•' So the hired hands' grin and put their ready cash into tlie envelope. ' . . " '••/•-.• And when it bulges like Santa Claus,'somebody takes it across the street'and. buys "the." -. makings"—sandwidies,'soda, ginger ale, and .the golden fluid that makes a human-zero taki off his inhibitions and put. on his personality." .THE PARTIES' are of; two kinds.-. -'' In small offices the boss and the hired'hands Have • the party together—like- a .lieutenant and. hij ' platoon .sharing a bottle in an . interlude- between battles...'. -; -» '. .'. ' . • B-utirj big offices- the celebrations- are Wore like-those.-in. an;.;army.';headquarters. * They break .up into 'two -parties'.;- ',The' :'offic'ers" go where they can 'be alone' together— as men-,ritb. and now it's slapping me in the stars on their, shoulders'--always are f Q r*P . ' »._ _i j_i_ ~ ,,'' ,..••'" -... . * face. —Ralph-- Edwards, .-originator of "Truth or Consequences," original radio: stunt show. - And the "enlisted' ,'menV,-stayi .behind*, and hold the fort fpr'an afternoon 'offrc-lic;" ' 'The freedom from the day's .'usual 'drudgery'is »a ... . .- intoxication in-itseh".'-.-•-.'''-:.•• "'.. .;C-:. : -•-." • Never again. Never, never again. -.' ' They, peel -off-'"•.their-.'.repressions •- They —Kathleen Winsor, when asked if brazenly: grouse- out-- loud 1 at -the -straw boss- she is writing another "Forever they have, been holding secre? 1 opinions' about Amber '" r ._ .all year long.-- . . '. ^ . . ,*uoui; If you love your neighbor, then it , J^ somebod >' ''*™*'-salty and says: "well, you must try to save-hiiri from the f °°. uld : t e ^we-thej-' might hire a smart.. • fiuy to take hki ninoo" e- .1— *.,./ . Cochraii's Barbs <• Learn all the ropes of your business and there is less chance of your being, tied down. A chiropodist says more men than- women suffer from flat feet.' Well, women always have been known, to take better care of- their dogs. ... .. business begun but not finished in 1948: the draft, to armed forces. Since the reason for, the .draft in- the first place —worry 'about Russia—Is still unfinished business, the draft is still on the books and ;he armed forces still want plenty of power in 1949. ' - And there was the spy case. That's really unfinished' business. A federal grand jury indicred.Al- ger Hiss, former State Department official, on a'perjury charge'in this case. . . ..-He. was the only one against 'aggressor. We shall have no,peace while there are 100,000,000 people in .eastern- Europe living under an 'appalling tyranny. build up the . —Dr. A. S. Duncan-Jones, dean of Chichester, Church of England; ' ffuy to .take his' place." So' they take up collection to buy him a present BY NOW THEY'BEGIN to' feel -they know each .other a little-and they • like; the' feeling- • Am- " Peace-loving-'peoples 'all over' the' earth view with great misgivnig the encirclement of the Soviet Union by countless American air and naval bases. • ' • —Dr.. Hewlett Johnson, "Red Dean of. Canterbury." Labor is n't,. ...Lta-sced In dollars,but in purchasing power. —Walter Reuther, president, United Auto Workers-—CIO. head. , And the Amour even .raises" an •',unexpected bookkeeper i passes at the'pretty, stenographer -rnly squires^S^AHouoSS The .bonfire, of the heart wears down as night falls, and the party breaks up / But ff carry home,.'something'of the the pattern, in gladness: • day- theyhav«.broken cd Press)

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