Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on October 15, 1953 · Page 1
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 1

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Thursday, October 15, 1953
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Weather Forecast: Fair tonight. Friday Sonny And Pletiant THE DAILY Ifeolster-Mail ^^^r A Better Newspaper Community CRcst Goal $75,513 VOLUME LXXII — 244 GALESBURG, ILLINOIS — THURSDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1953 PRICE: FIVE CENTS Few Chinese Choose Return to Homeland PANMUNJOM, Korea (UP) — Heavily - armed Indian guards forced anti-Red Chinese sit-down strikers to attend Lhe first Communist lectures today but the prisoners rejected repatriation in overwhelming numbers. For seven hours the violently anti-Communist war prisoners of the Allies refused to leave their compounds. They came out quietly when they wore told their Indian guards would use force if necessary. The Indians, carrying rifles and swinging nightsticks, herded the first group of 22,418 prisoners into the miniature tent city built by American engineers on an around- the-clock schedule. Five Pick Repatriation All but five of the first 300 Chinese interviewed by Communist political persuaders turned down the attractive offers made by the Red propagandists and went back to join their anti-Communist colleagues. The first nine men who refused to go home came out of the interview huts and planted the Chinese Nationalist flag in their compound. Lt. Gen. K. S. Thimayya, Indian chairman of the Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission, had ruled that prisoners must at-' lend "explanations" but had remarked that his guards could not make the men listen. Confusion Reigns ' Thimayya was correct in making! this observation. Many of the Chi- 1 nese not only refused to listen to; the Communist .wooing but also sang, shouted and danced up and' down on the wooden floors of the tents while the Reds talked. . One prisoner tried to flee but j Indian guards overpowered h i m and forced him into a tent. The Chinese refused to sit in front of the Communist explainer as ordered and stood with his back toward the officer, hands on hip. The five prisoners who decided to go back to Communism left their tents through specially-prepared exists. They made their decision atter the,,Semmui^Ujn}, neutral, Red and *Arfftb?We1l ?W left the men alone to think it over. ' Tempest Rages Over Carthage Parking Meters CARTHAGE, 111. un— The Carthage city fathers and the Hancock County Board of Supervisors are warring over the installation of parking meters. City officials recently decided to install the meters. Wednesday workers drilled holes around the courthouse square and set down posts to hold the meters. Later Wednesday the county board's building and grounds committee met and decided "the meters must go." So, the three-man committee removed all the posts on the square. City and county officials were to get together today to try to iron out their squabble. Citizen Loses LONG BEACH, Calif. (UP) — Jack Emory, 85, bought a Russian type burp gun from a sailor and dutifully went to police to have it registered. Officers promptly arrested him on the ground it was illegal to pos sess such a weapon. COAXING COMPOUND—Tents in the foreground, surrounded by barbed wire, in (he Munsan, Korea area, witnessed a violent demonstration by anti-Communist POVVs when Red teams tried to coax the men back to communism. Some sang, others turned their backs on the explainer and the majority refused to listen. In background are tents used by Indian custodial troops. British Touch off Atomic Explosion WOOMERA, Australia (UP) — Britain touched off today its second atomic explosion, which sent a whirling brown cloud two to three miles above the Australian desert. The atomic "utility" weapon, believed to be an atom bomb, exploded with a blinding flash on a steel tower at the desolate Woomera Rocket Range at 7 a.m. Wednesday. It was the first British atomic,.explosion on a land site and was less, powerful than the atomic blast in a British warship, off the Monte Bello Islands last year which vaporized the vessel. American observers were excluded from the test which was witnessed only by British and Australian newsmen in addition to authorized scientific and military experts. However, two American B- 9 flying laboratories were used as m "j uret j~~ a third here Wednesday. Benson Sees Brighter Farm Outlook KANSAS CITY OR-Secretary of Agriculture Benson said today the long-term prospects for agriculture arc bright despite thee urrent drop in farm prices and income. And, in remarks prepared for the Future Farmers of America, he soid government farm pro- gams are going to be "geared to more realistic production." In his prepared text, Benson made no reference to the possible political • effects of the drop in farm prices, which began more than a year ago. Tuesday's upset Democratic victory in a special House election in Wisconsin has been atlribuled, ir; part, to dissatisfaction with Eisenhower administration farm policy The secretary said the most pressing problem concerns falling farm prices and income, a decline in foreign markets and Excess stocks of some farm products. The government during the past year has bought heavily in wheat, corn, dairy products and some other commodities in an effort to keep prices up under support programs. Democrats Eye Elections in California WASHINGTON Wl —Flushed by an upset victory in Wisconsin, Democrats trained their campaign guns today on a special congressional election in California Nov. 10. And some Republicans, stunned by Tuesday's reversal that saw a Wisconsin House seat go to the Democrats for the first time, talked of calling on the White; House for help. District Unusually Republican The California election is for the House scat vacated when Republi can Norris Poulson resigned to be come mayor of Los Angeles. It's Refugee Tipped U. S. To Theft of Papers, Sen. McCarthy Says Powder Plaint Blast Claims Lives of Two EAST ALTON, III. UP) —An explo sion at the Isolated smokeless powder processing plant of Olin Industries killed two workmen and weather planes. Nixon to Hear Complaint The successful atomic blast was expected to reinforce British demands for Anglo-American sharing of atomic knowledge. British and Australian officials were prepared The sharp blast, accompanied by a leaping "ball of fire," was felt more than five miles away in Alton and Wood River. Olin officials, who were unable to explain the explosion, identified the dead as Lee H. Heidinger, 32, to relate their feelings against thejof Gillespie, 111., and Floyd H United States ban on s h a r i n g Chamness, 51, of Bethalto, 111. atomic knowledge to Vice Presi- Both were powder-line workers. William E. Perrin, 38, of Alton, a laboratory technician, was hospitalized with severe shock. Chamber Slips WESLACO, Tex. (UP)—The lower Rio Grande Valley Chamber of dent Richard M. Nixon. Nixon arrived at Sydney from New Zealand only 6 1-2 hours after today's explosion and amid public excitement over the test. He will remain in Australia until Tuesday. The "utility" label was applied to the atomic weapon exploded today because it is believed capable 1 Commerce reminded newsmen that of being used in a torpedo, rocket "Rio" is Spanish for river, and or shell as well as a bomb. jthey shouldn't refer to the "Rio Another atomic weapon will be Grande River" when covering exploded nearby "soon"—probably President Eisenhower's visit next in a week or 10 days—followed by Monday. j smaller ones, each designed to pro-| Then the chamber had to admiti vide information on a different that a press release it sent out last j strategic problem. I week said just that. in a district that in recent years of the. Jackson County Jail Witness Rule Draws Fire of Sen. Ferguson WASHINGTON OP) —A Democrat and a Republican, each experienced in running Senate investigations, sharply disagreed today over the Eisenhower administration's new plan to force balky witnesses to testify. The Democrat, Sen. Kefauver of Tennessee, sided with the Republican administration. The Republican Sen. Ferguson of Michigan, said he favors the general idea but opposes giving the attorney general authority to say when the plan could be used. Under the proposal, announced Wednesday by Atty. Gen." Brownell the attorney general could offer immunity from prosecution to a witness who refused to testify before a congressional committee and involved the Fifth Conostitutional amendment. This amendment says no witness in a criminal case may be compelled to give testimony that might incriminate him. Kidnap Pair Kept Under Close Guard KANSAS CITY, Mo. (IP) — An att -nigbt ban keeping newsmen outl^^iout'eiaboration, that five civil Radar Expert Fled Red Lab NEW YORK (AP) — Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy (R.-Wis.) said today a German radar scientist who fled a Russian laboratory gave American officials reports of top secret documents stolen from Ft. Monmouth, N.J., and used by Communists. McCarthy, chairman of the Senate permanent investigations sub-committee, said the scientist will be called as a witness by the committee. McCarthy told newsmen that the scientist, whom he did not identify, worked in a Russian-controlled laboratory' in East Germany and fled to Chiperfield Reports on Moscow Trip western Germany more than a year ago. Russians Confident [ The charge that America's radari defense secrets have been flowingj to the Soviet Union came from an unidentified German scientist quoted Wednesday night in a copyrighted New York story by the WASHINGTON OD—Rep. Chiper- Chicago Tribune under the by-line field (R-Ill), just back from a brief of Willard Edwards. -visit to Moscow, said today the E% ^T2:' S °-t Union is devoting its major many, told U. S. authorities in Western Germany: The Russians said that they could get anything they wanted out of Ft. Monmouth." The Army announced recently, industrial effort to military strength with a resulting low standard of living for the Russian people. Chiperfield, chairman ot the House Foreign Affairs Committee, flew to Moscow withU. S. Ambas Tito Resents Intervention By Russians BELGRADE, Yugoslavia (UP)— One of President Tito's top aides today denounced Soviet intervention in the Trieste dispute as anti- Western tension eased in this disturbed capital. Mosa Pijade, vice-president of Yugoslav's Federal Executive Council, said in an article in "Po- litka" that Russia's note protesting the U. S.-British award of Trieste's Zone A to Italy "is neither in the interests of Yugoslavia nor of the Trieste population." Reds See New Trouble Pijade's denunciation was the Yugoslav government's first official pronouncement on the Soviet note. The Russian protest to London and Washington called the Zone A decision a move which "may evoke new difficulties in this area of Europe." It also said the decision was • betrayal of the peace treaty which stipulated that Trieste should remain a free territory. Observers regarded Pijade's article as a reflection of Yugoslav desire to remain on friendly terms with the West. liftetf'tod£y; but federal authorities be en kept all but official personnel out' of the section holding kidnapers Carl Austin Hall and Bonnie Heady. The guard was increased around the separate cells of the kidnapers on the 11th floor of the Court- has been, normally Republican but has swung to the Democrats from time to time. Two Republican* and two Democrats are seeking Poulson's seat. "We have better than an even chance to win it," Jaid a t6p Democratic strategist, asking not to be named. "Our chances there appearjbouse. to be better than they were in] U.S. Marshal William Tatmari Wisconsin, where we hoped tojlate Wednesday posted new rules' . w asji an employes at Ft. Monmouth had sa dor Charles V E. Bohfen. He also suspended for security rea->visited England, Sweden,. Finland, sons. JDenmark, Spain, Switzerland and The scientist gave American!France during a month's trip. j Air Force intelligence officers a! He said he was in Moscow such "detailed story" of the- use the;a short time that he did not ob Communists were making of the, tain too many definite impres- make a good showing but didn't expect to win." documents, McCarthy said. Scientist In Germany He said the scientist still was in Western Germany and that the;been able to provide both a subcommittee would request Army (level of armaments and a sions. "But," he said, "it is apparent !that the Communists have not high high that reporters and photographers Secretary Robert T. Stevens to as-;standard of living for their peo- be banned from the jail. In addi-| s j s t m having him brought to the,pie. Since the latter is obviously tion, only FBI men and local dep-|united States "as quickly as pos-'so low, it is reasonable to assume uties with special duties were al-| s ible" as a "very necessary wit-'that the overwhelming majority of lowed in the area where the Bobby ! ness » I the Soviet industrial effort has Modern Texas HOUSTON, Tex. (UP)—Deputy, , , , . . sheriffs sadly cast aside t h e i r Greenlease slayers are lodged. Texas-style boots today. „ Questioning Resumed Sheriff C. V. (Buster) Kern ord- Deputies reported the two prjs, ered that all his men wear shoes. .°? e ™ slept mos * of the night The Boots, he said, "don't go with ouri" 1 ^ 1 before and all day Wednes- Testimony before the subcom-|been directed' toward military mittee that secret radar defense 'citified' uniforms." Where to Find It Sections Abingdon 25 Bushnell 8 Classified Ads 26,27 Comics 21 Editorial 4 Food Section --29-42 Galva - ' Knoxville —— 25 Markets 24 Monmouth 18 Obituary .— 25 Social 10,11 Sports 22,23 Theater 6 Weather 3 day, FBI agents interrogated Hall and Mrs. Heady, using lie detectors. Agents were expected to resume the intense questioning today in 42 Pages! an effort, to crack the secret of the missing'$300,000 ransom money. Meanwhile, there was a report- unconfirmed by official sources— that the trail of the missing money was growing hotter. The St. Joseph (Mo.) News- Press said FBI men were searching for a package that was mailed from East St. Louis, 111., to St. Uoseph and was believed to contain the $300,000 still missing from the $600,000 paid to the kidnapers jafter they already had murdered j their six-year-old victim. documents had been removed from the Army Signal Corps laboratory at Ft. Monmouth dovetailed with a charge that vital defense data from the base has been channeled to Russia for time. strength." Mystery Solved NEW YORK (UP)—Police sent three radio cars, a detective cruiser and an emergency squad truck to a Manhattan office building Wednesday after startled tenants heard a "baby" crying behind a washroom ventilator on the eighth floor. Sgt, Jeremiah Murphy cracked the case. He discovered that wind blowing through an open window in the washroom created the freak- j ish wail as it swept through the, ventilator shaft. I Visits Kremlin Chiperfield said he visited the Russian foreign office, was given a conducted tour of the Kremlin and the City of Moscow and at- someltended a ballet "where the performance was outstanding." He said prospects for ratification of the European Defense Community Agreement seem "brighter now than at any time within the past two years." He said the agreement with Spain for use of military bases "will result not only in greater security for the United States and Spain but greater security for the entire North Atlantic community." He advocated development of a foreign policy to bring about "an accommodation of the interests" of the NATO countries and other nations such as Sweden, Finland and Switzerland. Racial Unrest Marked by Home Fires CHICAGO OR Firemen -answered five alarms, three of them false,.Wednesday night at the Trumbull Park Homes, a public housing project where racial disorders have occurred since August The two fires, Chief Michael Tobin said, were of incendiary origin. The first was in a garage at the rear of 10536 Torrence Ave. Gasoline and kerosene had been thrown against the garage door and ignited. Damage was minor. Shortly afterward fire broke out in a scrap lumber pile in the rear of 10532 Hoxie Ave. Tobin said he found evidence gasoline and kerosene had been used to spread flames. Police Escort Vans Violence has accompanied the moving of Negro families into the South Side project which until last summer had only white tenants. Heavy police escorts accompanied moving vans to the project as three Negro families moved in Tuesday. Four women were arrested and charged with disorderly conduct and unlawful assembly. A special detail of 750 policemen is patrolling the project each eight- hour shift. Police Capt. John McCarthy, commanding the detail, said many persons milled about during the fire calls but crowds were kept from forming. Burial of 300-Ton Railroad Relic Goes off With a Bang A drama entitled "Shooting the Chute" ended with the burial of a 500-ton veteran of the bygone coal era in American railroading this morning. The casualty was a 95-foot coal chute which has straddled Santa Fe Railway's tracks just west of the Galesburg city limits since 1928. The picture sequence above shows the operation from beginning to grave, the grave being the biggest ever dug in Knox County —* 75 feet in diameter and 25 feet deep. First picture at left shows the unused structure upright for the last time. In the next picture, the legs of the chute, already weakened by chiseling, are blasted with strategically placed dynamite, and the giant chute begins to topple. In third picture the chute plunges toward its yawning grav# ani* flock of pigeons, faithful to the end, abandons ship. Fourth pic* iure shows the big structure unceremoniously dumped into the hole, its shattered legs sticking skyward. Final picture shows the broken chute in its final resting place. The legs will be broken and dirt heaped over the whole carcass. Lo, how the mighty have fallen. (Eegis- ter-Mail photos by W. &. Carithers, Dale Humphrey)

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