Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland on December 23, 1948 · Page 1
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Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 1

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Thursday, December 23, 1948
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The Weather Cloudy, colder 'tonight.- Cold, with. rain, or'.snow tomorrow. City Weather — Temperatures — High', 40;' low.'.'.ZS; noon, 32. . ;;River— 5:59.feet. '."..," ' FINAL VOL. LXXBL—NO. 353 Aitoc'ialed Prea Serr/ci— AP. WlrtpRoto CUMBERLAND, MARYLAND, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1948 International Service 18 Pages 5 CENTS; Rose Festival Queen Poses , ..^_ . _ . . .. In their formal'parade'gowns, "Tournament'of'Roses Queen Virginia Bower'(left) and her six princesses pose'today'for their official portrait at Pasadena,-Cal. Their .dresses are-of slipper satin. The princesses are (from left)-Mary Wallin, -Lorn'a Charbone'au, Beverlie. Anderson,- Mary Gordon Scott, Billie'Bamber and Estelle Harrison.',: " ; , ", War Crimes Executions Stir Debate International Laws ..Needed To Cover All Such. CasesAs Nazi;: :: Japanese Political, Military Leader* By DeWITT MACKENZIE AP Foreljcn Affairs Analyst The hanging-of former- Japanese ' ' Fremier'..Tojo conspirators- against-"-humanity ''' . "is being recelv'edfln'imetfcaVith'mJx? •d feelings. ------ ' ; ; - -•_;••• My oontacu'lndlcilc '.thill the ~ reactions nuije' from- extreme • )t aaUsfactlon to lonie uueaiincss. 9 On on«-i>oint everybody neems- •jrreed: If anyone ihould.rofTer the de*th pen»Hr, the» i«ven- ccrt*lnly iheiuld. Of coursi there ,1s » very large group Vhioh .Is against capital pun- iihjnent on religious grounds. That YiewpoinWs pungently. expressed In a letter J I have -received' -from.. a Philadelphia boy -who says Americans believing in God and. Holy Writ are 100, percent against such execution. He further writes:.-.. "J am" Just a hljfh 'school •cnior who has Toad, hiKtory. I think the executions in Japan are inhuman. We are jolnr back i.OOO jears. Our Jeaders won't : Jearn from history . that '.. blood «hed upon the battlefield Is soon ' jrown over, but blood shed on the scaffold seldom dries. • In 1W years the statues of Tojo will be all over Japan." Here I want to Interpolate .that an expression like this by a school' boy isn't unusual these days. I- have lound' tremendous interest 7among the teen-age folk in traveling about the country 'for talks on foreign affairs'. Young America is very much alert. . • '. , ... .;. But to jet Track to our muttons: Apart from this religious opposition; a good many people . are concerned over the fact that these and similar trials have been held under rules laid down ^tlnce the war by the ' victors. .Everybody airrees that aggressive war is just as much a crime ' against humanity as the atrocities -which may grow. out. of ; it.'. However, a lot of folk— most of all the hijrh military— want to,. know just how yon are folnir to assess • responsibility for the., crimes. You know the top 'man' is guilty; That's Tojo. 'But are his ministers and the iigh . commands of his fighting forces equally responsible with him? They have to take his . orders or be charged with disloyalty to their country.' And if they are (Continued on Page 5, Co/. 3) , ist. courier. ... Boy Given Reward By,N. Y. Railroad 'For His Warning . CANASTCTA, N. Y.— (IP)— An 11- year-old boy gets the first part of his .reward today for warning the New York Central about loose .plates and couplings on the track that, carries the crack Empire State Express ^through here. ' .- , . . ....' W In 1958, Jimmy Colclough may have the-second part^a job with the .railroad if he wants.lt. . The first part or the .reward' -includes a party at Jimmy's home at nearby Beeches' Bridge, The railroad provided a Christmas tree, a holiday dinner, and as a gift—an electric, train, .;. , J. J. Frawley of Syracuse, general manager' of the railroad's,lines east, reported this last night: On Nov. 20, when Jimmy _ was walking along the tracks near his home he noticed loose plates and couplings on the. track over which . the Emipre State Express soon would move. He ran to a .crossing and told a watchman. A dispatcher was Informed by message and traffic was rerouted, until repairs were made. .", - . . Frawley said the -railroad had guaranteed Jimmy a job .when he is 21. . . Duggan'sName Cleared By Spy Probing Group Victim Of Plunge In ' . ...New Xork Was Never Involved, Mundt Says •NEW YORK— m—A. member of the House Un-American 'Activities Committee . has given the late Laurence' Duggan a clean bill of health in C9nnection .with' spy-ring activities.',, '.. ... - -Hop.- Richard M.'Nixon (B.-Calif.) "safdlbii '.'-a- television .broadcast .last night -from 'Washington" that recent, '.developments, had clewed the former State Department expert in ithls'.'esplonagc ..tase." . '." . •His -statement came as a New York City' medical Examiner reported -that an autopsy showed "no evidence.. .of criminality" in Duggan's.- fatal.. 16 7 story- fall from a Manhattan/office" Monday night. , ; . .Not Assaulted •"'."" ;."We . ., may. ..never, . ..know • exactly what'- happened," said Dr. Thomas A. - 'Gonzales,' the .examiner. "He cculd:' have . been pushed. We do mow' he was not assaulted, not jeaten, nor strangled." •The autopsy.report read: "Pell or lumped -from -16th. floor," . '. The same '. 'verdict., 'remained on police records as detectives con- Jnued" a painstaking investigation of the' death on-' orders of Mayor William O'Dwyer. They expected to finish the probe by 'noon today. Meanwhile, these were - the developments' in the spy investigation: Date for trial .of Alger Hiss, ex- State Department .official charged with perjury, was postponed from Troops Killing In Indonesia, UN Is To PeaceFeelers orted Sent To China Reds Rep Bad Weather Slows v Action In North As Cities Are Menaced By TOM LAMBERT NANKING— (IP)— Nationalist warships at Tangku, isolated Tientsin's port city, drove off attacking Communists today killing 1,500 of them, government sources said. ' ' . (Associated Press.-Correspondent Spencer Moosa- in" Peiping said many small Red attacks on the outskirts of Tientsin had .been re- julsed.. Last night alone, he said, iOO Reds were' killed . or wounded, .nd as a result today, the •Commun- sts were inactive. (Moosa quoted Gen. Fu Tso-Yl's headquarters in Peiping as. saying he Reds were repulsed in-, almost :v'ery .north China attack"..' Fu's teadquarcers said the Communists darod noc attack'.Peiping directly jecause they know it Is strongly ortlfied and the 2,000,000 inhabi- ;ants support the defenders whole- leartedly. , ''. People Want Peace, (Moosa added that whether these esidenis would show their support was another questlon'.'In his.opinion the people of Peiping want peace hove all.) Nationalist, forces in the Nanking area took advantage of bad weather .hich has'eased the action north,of iere to throw up defenses south of he Yangtze toward which the Reds re creeping steadily. The pro-gov- rnment Kiangnan. Evening Post aid the Nationalists had increased ire number of-watchposts "along the -estern reaches of the Yangtze. There was little military action mmedlalcly north of here. The quiet was taken in some quar- ers to mean that peace feelers had Has Two Front Teeth For Christmas een'put out to the Communists by members of Premier Sun Fo's newly ormed cabinet. But there was no fflcial word 1 from any source.. •- • At least two of the cabinet min- ..jters.'former Premier Chang- Chun and Wong Wen-Hao, .commander..of le. Northwest Headquarters, 'are known to favor, a .quick -peace with ic Reds, who have overrun almost alf of China. . Keady to Dicker Premier Sun described the cabl- et members t men. vho ;would 'Igh't on until we can'secure, an onorable peace." This-was widely aken to mean i the government is arm to a dicker with the Commun- ts despie their insistence a. peace an be achieved only if-President hiang Kai-Shek steps out. However, Chiang had not so much as hinted he will move aside. Dispatches from, the Pengpu front northwest of Nanking merely raen- are .union presidents. JapaneseGave DefiantMs B And Egyptians Clash In Desert AK Air Forces Are Used TEL AVIV, Israel—fP)—Fighting broke out today between Jewish and Egyptian forces along .the Negev front. Both air and. ground forces were reported Involved, shattering hopes for armistice talks soon between the two nations. The Negev is the southern .desert area of Palestine, It was assigned to Jews under the United Nations partition plan of 1947. An Israeli October offensive drove back Egyptian troops astride roads into the area and a brigade or Egyptians was bottled up at Faluja. Planned To Parley' (Israel notified the United Nations Dec. 10 she was ready to negotiate a step by step release of th« Faluja garrison, and to discuss' demarcation lines throughout the area.) The clashes began late last .night between infantry and some armored forces in the vicinity of Niriin, a Jewish settlement within sight • of Mount Sinai and about 12 miles east of the Egyptian frontier base at Rafah, an Israeli military spokesman said. "Air forces' were used by both sides," he added. After dawn today planes — presumed here to be Egyptian—bombed a large Jewish community .southeast of Tel Aviv. Censorship did not permit the name of the community to be disclosed. Truce Menaced The extent of "the fighting could not be judged from here immediately, but apparently it threatens to shatter the fitful truce which has been in'elfect along the desert front I In recent weeks, from the Egyptlun border to the Faluja pocket, where 13,000 Egyptians are held In an They are Harry Bridges of the Longshoremen's i Israeli trap. Union, Ben Gold of .the Fur and (Continued'on Page j, Col 8) Leather Workers, Abram F.axer of the United Public Workers of America, and Donald Henderson of thej Food, Tobacco""- and Agricultural I. Workers. Workers Warned In a report, in question and!. Mrs. Theresa O'Brien of Philadelphia looks at the two front teeth of her eight-day-old daughter, Patricia Ann. The teeth popped out right aftor; birth—but'little Patricia is. still on a milk diet. CIO Officials Accused As Having 4 Red Tinge' . -'. By DOUGLAS B. CORNELL • WASHINGTON— (ff)-~ The House Un-Aniericnn Activities Committee tied, a Red tag loduy to 13 union officers in the CIO. ;But ic said the CIO hns taken steps to purge Itself. •-Four of the-men named by Ihe committee as "Communist officers" In Southern Palestine Santa "Surplus" Baltics Kiddies BOSTON UP) —There are too many Santa Clauses in Boston to suit'the City Council. Mayor James M. curley was asked by the council yesterday to allow only one Santa in the city in 1949—and to station him on'historic Boston Common. Council President Thomas i Hannon said there is a Santa on every other-corner and that children "are beginning to wonder." He asserted his nephew told Santa Glaus in one department store what he wanted, and five minutes later—in another store— was asked what he'd like for Christmas. "Why you thick-head, I just told you a couple of minutes ago," the youngster was quoted by' his uncle as saying. January.. 2'4. to ' February 24. He is|y 0 ned continued • Bed attacks "to- accused of lying when he denied le gave secret documents to Whit- ake,r Chambers, one-time Commun- ' . .. Sayre - Questioned In Washington, the House committee called a closed session today or questioning of Francis B. Sayre, ormer assistant Secretary of State n'. whose "Office .Hiss was a top assistant. ' Sayre was -questioned yesterday by a Federal Grand Jury . in ' New York, and later told newsmen he was convinced "highly confidential" papers were stolen from his department, The .jury, recessed for the lolidays until January 3. Nixon's comments last night con- •eming Duggan- were prompted ,by tatements. by .Chambers that Duggan never had furnished him any onfidential documents. Nixon said this statement "clearly lears Mr.'' Duggan.",. . ' ' •A little later, /Rep. Karl Mundt R.-SD.), acting chairman of the louse committee, went on the air in •(Continued, on Page j, Co!. 6) lorn ediari- Says Pet Dogs Youth Deliquency LOS ANGELES — UP) — 'Alan Young, film and radio comedian, ielieves the best way to 'prevent hildren from going to the dogs is o give them one. For. the fourth -year, Young will, appear at the Animal Shelter to- norrow to give away dogs to young- ters.. He will pay the pound and icense fees. He has given away.300 dogs in previous years. ward Pengpu,' which 'presumably still was in Government hands, . Some paper even said [Communist units were' retreating northward from the Pengp" front, but gave no details. Military sources here took this to mean the Beds wei: regrouping for possible further attacks toward Nanking. •(Continued on Page 5', Col. 5) Wrecked Airliner Spotted In Greece ATHENS, • Greece—(/P) — tT. S. searchers said a Czechoslovak plane which disappeared 'with 24 persons Tuesday night on a flight to Palestine was spotted: wrecked today in the Peloponnesus, • ; ' There were no signs of life, said Capt. .Arthur G. Kay 'Of Amarillo, Texas, commander of an air-sea rescue unit. •» '. "• . The wreckage was seen on a hill in the Taygetos Mountains five miles northeast of Kalami (Kala- mata). Ray said efforts were being made to get an amphibian plane to take a group to the port of Kalamai, from which the group could proceed overland to the hill. The chief of Czech airlines operations, Josef Hubacek, arrived from Prague and said five Brazilians, two Greeks, three Czechs and nine Palestinian passengers were aboard the plane. " The DC-3 disappeared en route from Rome to Athens. Hubacek said .the five crew members were Czechs. A Prague civil aviation board commission is expected here tomorrow to investigate. mmp lempie JT Jr TOKYO — (/P) — Hldekl Tojo and three of his six war maker companions gave lusty "Banzai" shouts before they were hanged Jn Sugamo prison. The last act of defiance by the four of the seven old condemned men came in the little Buddhist temple near the .death, house, Shinso Hanayama, the priest who attended them, said. The Banzai cry — the traditional Japanese cheer which- translates into the rather irteaningless "ten thousands y-sars"— featured- the last charges of many Japanese soldiers in the great, war. Tojo and his companions also- shouted for a greater Nippon before going to the gallows, the priest said*-,. Asked For Drink Tojo, whose. military clique plotted and ordered the infamous Pearl Harbor attack and pjunged half the world into its greatest war. asked for a drink, of Sake before he went to his death. But he had to, be' content with a glass of weak wine, the priest said. .• • The priest described Tojo and the other three of the first four hanged shortly after midnight .as almost jaunty. • ' . Left a Poem To jo, -said the priest, left -a message ior the world which he was forbidden by occupation authorities to make public, '• The former Premier also left a poem, which the priest translated roughly: •"It is goodbye "Over the mountains I go today , "To the bosom, of Buddha (Continued on Page 5, Co!. 7) answer form, on "100 Things You Should Know About Communism and Labor," the committee also: 1, Warned the working man thai if he went on strike under i\ Communist government, the government "would send -soldiers around with guns, to kill you." Question:. "Kill Me personally?" 2.. Listed 20 CIO unions in which it said Communist leadership was "strongly entrenched" in 1944. It said the .Reds are "still in the saddle", in a number of them, such as the United Electrical Workers and Longshoremen's unions. . In a .war, the committee said, the Longshoremen could "wreck the whole IT. S. fighting power," It (Continued on Page 5, Col. C) War Hero Killed As Plane Crashes ALICE, Tex.— (/P)— A wealthy hero of the Second World War perished with his family of four last night when his plane crashed, 36 miles northeast of here. . Orville Miller, 29, . three-tirne medal winner, ex-Navy pilot and prominent Dallas oilman, tried desperately in heavy fog for an emergency landing. The gasoline supply failed and Miller aimed for a pasture, but' the ship cracked Into a pcnverline, rammed through a fence and plowed into a mesquite grove. Rescuers found the body of Miller's wife pinned underneath a wir.g. Miller and his sons, Orville B., Jr., three; James Crar.e,.'two and Robert Stanley, one. were thrown clear. But all die'd instantly. James Crane would have celebrated his second birthday 'today. :.«.-*••' . j .K . ,* •* President Due |For Pay Boost !ln Next Term WASHINGTON — (IP) — For the first time in almost 40 years Congress may vote a pay raise next month for the. President. ' , If it does, it will make Harry S. Trumau the goveruruer.t's first $100,000'-a-year-man, A Senate Civil Service Subcommittee has a bill ready which would give Mi'. Truman a salary increase of $25,000 a year—plus a $50.000 addition to his present expense allowance of- $40,000. The 1 Jasc time a President got a 1 raise was back in 1909 w'hen William Howard Taft was chief executive. .the Cost Of Living Shows Drop In Federal Report Food Leads Decline On Minor Scale But Eggs, Sugar Advance WASHINGTON — UP) — Govern mcnt figures today disclosed a con LInued decline in living costs in November, • The index of the Bureau of Labo StdtlslJcs 1 for mIcl-Novornbcr wo, down 8/10ths of one per cent fron a month earlier. v The fall was du .0 a drop in food prices for th fourth consecutive month, The first decline from .a • steady 11248 living cost climb came in mrd October. So today's figures re corded the second straight month!: decrease in'cost of living. •'•'-• .Food Major Item -.',, : The index measures the retai prices of goods and services pur chased by moderate-income famine in large cities. • Pood is the majo item in- the Index, -Food prices have continued to g down slightly since mid-November That points to -a third- decline ii the living cost index when'figure; lor .mid-December become availabli a month'from now. The. index for mid-November wa 172.2 per cent of the 1935-39 averagi of 100. -At this level, living cost were 4*4 per. cent above a year ago 29.2 per cent above June, 1946. when wartime price, controls were abandoned, • and August, 1939 began. Poods alone dropped 1.9 per cen' Dutch Accuse For Cease Fli: Australia Expulsion From If War Not Stopped^: 1 ' By HARRIS JACKSON I~." BATAVLV Java. — 0P) — Reportr that Dutch troops are Mlling-Indo-' nesian civilians -were relay ed'.to".thf United Nations Security Council' today. • . ' • ' . ~^"u.d~ The U. N. Good Offices Committer cabled the charge after- the* return; to Batavia of 19 .of. its 1 personnel from Kalloerang, a mountaln.'resort'. above Jogjakarta, where they* bad been isolated four days. by "A number of shots were^fired the advancing Netherlands' 74.G per cent above when World War II from October to November.. Clothing and house furnishings prices Congress at that time upped pay from $50,000 to 375,000. Others Listed The subcommittee's bill also would i declined fractionally, give pay increases to other top-level j p °ods in. 'November were 2.4 per officials in an effort to keep good!cent higher than a. year ago but men in government service and attract young people Into public careers. Here are the bill's other provisions for pay boosts: 42.5 per cent above the controlled price period of mid-1948. . Eggs, Sugar Advance Meats dropped most among the ! foods, but there "were two per cent Cabinet officers—from $15,000 to; decli n es jn ; dairy pr0 ducts, 'fruits $25,000, 15 ' 000 - . . , land vegetables, and fats and oils Vice President and Speaker of the - j rose . two Pe r cent and White Minister Asks Paroles For Negroes In Murder Case -o 'ATLANTA— (/P)—A. white minister| aid yesterday a Negro and her' wo teen-aged sons, convicted of murdering a white farmer, were ictlms of a "great miscarriage of The minister said' Negro and white churches in Hopkinsville will provide a 170-acre farm free for five years if Rosa Lee and her sons are ustice," He asked that they be|paroJed. After five.years, the Ne- iaroled, , • . : groes would-pay rent on the farm. The nation, the minister told! "It has. been whispered all over Borgia's Pardon and Parole Board esterday, is "disgusted"'.with'the reatment given Rosa Lee. Ingram nd her sons Sammy, 14, and Walon, 16, The convictions were the., result f "circumstances," said the Rev. ames Logan Delk 'of the Church of od in Hopkinsville, Ky. . The Negroes-are serving life for ne slaying of tenant farmer • John Stratford, 66, • in an argument ver pasturing their' mule in 'the armor's cornfield. America that this woman and her boys are innocent,"' the Kentuckian said.. "They did only .what you or I, a minister, would have done. The boys. came to the rescue of their mother when someone. was beating her up. • . ."Millions of Americans will rejoice if you will right this wrong. The people . are disgusted at the handling of this case so far." Chairman Ed Everett noted that the board, usually does not interfere (Continued on Page 5, Col. 2) 'Assignment: America' (Bes. D. a. p»t. oji.; Washington Defense Organization ™ ~ Described As "Haphazard System" By KENNETH L. DIXON WASHINGTON—(INS) —Viewed on paper, from a military point of view, Washington today would seem to 'be .an amply protected city, even during these-times of cold war tension. But, since mere paper protection never gave pause to ' a potential enemy, it might be well to look deeper into the situation . . . Pour different armed service outfits o! considerable strength and ability have a hand in guarding the nation's capital. They are: Headquarters, Military District of Washington; Second Army; First- Air Force; ' Potomac River Command. The first and last units mentioned cover the same territory, which reaches somewhat out. ir.to Virginia and Maryland. House—from $20,000 a year to 330,000 p)us $10,000 expense accounts. Undersecretaries, and heads of independent agencies, boards and commissions—salaries raised to levels '(Continued on Page 5, Col. 2) Gunmen Pay Driver $1 Bill Then Escape With $3,000 CHICAGO—yp) — Three gunmen were busy robbing the two owners of the Vince Au:o Sales Company yesterday when a truck driver entered- to collect a bill. The robbers were searching Leonard Cardella, 24, and Vince Ciano, 24, when he entered. Unaware of Egg prices rose. two per cent anc prices of sugar and sugar products advanced a bit. The bureau said that butter prices at 75 cents a. pound averaged lower than in any month since June 1947 1 Government spoken of a 'economists have "flattening" in price the' robbery. explained- to one vicinity around the capital. That's the general set-up. . . f In time of emergency, the Military '• District of Washington headquarters would be in Technically and practically, responsible for the protection of the: capital. . , Bossed by battle-tested, hard-hitting, up-!rom-the-ranks of Major General Hobart R. Gay, the MOW boys take their responsibility seriously. You only have to be around them, a little while to realize that they're sharply aware of the dangers to Washington should tha cold war get hot. But, apart from a 'surprising short, age of funds allotted their organization (in view of the critical nature o£ their assignment), they fnce s frightening number of handicaps ir. attempting adequately to protect gunman he had called for his weekly collection payment. "How much do they owe you, Pal?" one of the gunmen asked. "One dollar," the driver replied. The robber, paid him. Then after the driver left he and his two companions tied up Cardella and Ciano. They escaped with 53,000 in cash and $1,600 in checks. levels, rather than any major drop, But the figures' could bear importantly on labor's .demands for a ' fourth round of postwar wage increases. (Continued on Page j. Col. 3) Americans Healthier NEW YORK — (/P) — Americans were • healthier in 1948 , than : ever before, says Dr. Louis I. 'Dublin, statistician of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company. Dublin reported yesterday that an analysis of health conditions indicates 'continued improvement in 1949. "The' 1948' death rate," he, said, 'will establish a new low in our country, with a figure .of slightly below ,10 per 1,000 population, vmiwiry _ _ , - _ . i Jhxpense Ui 1 ruman-Inaugural Will Exceed Quarter Million The other two spread haphazardly (,he nation's capital against a sneak over several states, with differing enemy attack. boundaries, and covering areas which have been outlined with an eye towards unit expediency rather than overall liaison or unified action. Headquarters arc scattered, although all comrnands'overlap in the'! They face problems of divided authority. For example, they, are well aware that the air- over and around Washington should be po- liceci to a. fare-you-well for full (Continued on Page j. Col. i) WASHINGTON—(/PJ—It will cost about. 3100,000 to reinstall Harry S. Truman as President next month —plus some $215,500 more to cele- bnite the occasion. The' first figure is for erection of .the platform and grandstands at the Capitol where Mr.'Truman will take the oath of office January 20. Congress pays for that. The second sum was figured out today by the Inaugural Committee headed by Mclvin D. Hildreth. This group is putting on the week-long gala, which is being underwritten by local businessmen. Hildreth said' the outlay tentatively comes to $215,563—not including ' the inaugural ball which will climax the festivities. "Only, rigid economy and a far greater amount of donated services than in any recent inaugural have made-.it possible for the inaugural committee to carry out its responsibilities without greater expenditures." his statement said. The largest expense is $98,075 for construction 'of grandstands along_ the parade route from the Capitol to the White' House-;"to.' enable a broad cross section 'of people to participate in the inauguration ceremonies." It will cost those people from S2 to £10-or more each for the parade seats. ' • . . Other budgeted outlays included: $9,350 for decorations, flag poles and flags; $6,976.50 for postage; ?4,088.50 for .telephone and tele- gi'aph; $2,750 for plans tuW specifications;, $1,508.50 for insignia and badges, and $4,491 for medals. forces," the Committce'said.~"Gun-- fire, was heard intennittently,'rdurjat ' the days following (the Dutah-in- . vasion of Republican territorylSun-; day). • . .....,--"..,.• "There were reports of'the'^atal shooting of civilians.'.The shooting of an unarmed boy by an Ambohese. soldier of the Netberlands'-force* was personally witnesses by s.',mem-.. ber' of the' Secretariat Staff uid-hU I young .daughter.", 7,",^.X1Z.. First. Gcner«I Account-— At the same -time,- U.N, obserxeri. . emphasized -indications...^-"wid«- spread. use of the . torch "byitlndo- ncsian Republican.. forces • to—lay waste to' areas they -could 1 not',ho3dT.. (Tills is the first, general account from neutral-sources of eventslwith-. Jn Republican territory through Dutch censorship. The Dutch -have".•barred-newsmen" from the area). '. '... ; H7JS£^'" "Throughout 19, 20, 21-I>ecemberr numerous explosions were he'ar"d',«jid large columns of. smoke were ri 'wit- ncsscd- at many points in theVvilley, below Kalloarang," the Committ«§ report said.,. •''--~-<Z2~- ' Resistance ConUnuinr - ~-^—r T. K. Critchley, Aii3tra)ian'.'.riYem'- bcr of the GOC,- t sold Republican resistance, was continuing even-in- Jogjakarta, though'Dutch^parachut 1 ists and._air_. borne troops ..captured . it in the flrst' few ; hours.of the.tleh^^'.,. ing Sunday. ";.',.;;.......;-..._»"-—~.The;,Dutch so far iayt officially • admitted only, one "scorched" earth" incident. -They, announced yesterday "extremist gangs" fired' the -oil-center of TJepoe before ^bandoningrit • to the Dutch. .They maintain ;that,"on the whole," there has-been, llttit resistance. :• .* ... •••••• ^;";^' Bombed Madioen',:'..»™1V Five Dutch .planes-,bombed;;and itrafcd' the city of Ma'dioen;>yester- day, the.Republican-radio' Madioen. reported. The broadcast, said-bombs of 50 and. 100 pounds were 'dropped.' • damaging. 10-: buildings and^-causing. . 14- casualties.: Madioea ..is ^6ne'."-of two major Java cities. ; stiU^iErBe7 publican haids. ..'. ~ .". : 7 ,~-',-,v" The Dutch''army. said- : halfcth«' prisoners, captured by the Republic during .the communist revolt-:In ' September were freed.'before-.-the Dutch entered Soerakarta. The, 'others, it said, ' were transferred 1 - to Madioen. • • • . . '^^T"" • Expulsion Demanded; "",;. PARIS— (ff)— Australia demanded today that. Holland be- expclledZff bm ;he United Nations unless'she-balti ier- attack, on. the .Indonesian.'^!?*- publlc.. . •'.;.;.•. ..-..•.»**'; Col. W..R; Hodgson- of ;Austra31» ;o!d. the U.N. Security Councili-ths • Dutch assault on rthe Indonesians was '.'the first clear-cut deliberate violation 'of the. U.N. charterl by^ * member." . ..-••• .*.< „.•-;,-, He called the council's :.attentiba- to Article 25 of the charter^ which says "members of the'.United'*N»-. (Continued on Page's, Co/.^fJ« White Forecast In Mostp, Areas Of Counivy - : CHICAGO— (fP)— A White ;Christ--. mas appeared' in prospect for-mort £• the mid-continent. '. ':"X".".V;.. Fresh falls of snow- in the' central Rockies today spread. eastwardjnto.' he Central, plains. ' A blanket-'of ••; white was 1 forecast- by tomofrow.TJor .most of the-midwest. . .~+n~*i.. The North Central states also.Had, tlie nation's .coldest- weathers-Tern- eratures dropped from 10 to:15.d.e- • rees., and far below zero, in^som* joints '. near the Canadian "border." lie mercury dipped to-16 below~-at Bismarck, N. D., and' -14 at: Grand 'orks, N. D. • Sub-zero readings were epovted over parts "of- -Minnesota, 1 outh Dakota, Wisconsin and Mo'n- ana. .'••-.• i;''.:\r, ".I' Generally fair weather was-reporfc. d over other sections bf.the^coun-.-. ry. Warm weather continued-Jn,th»-. outheast. High temperaturesj-yester- ay in Florida included 88 ."at. ."Key. West and 86 at Miami. The'-Tner- cury didn't get much above .zero.iall- day alongHhe central Canadiambor-- "Santa Glaus'' Hange'd"'".t. : .;, JERSEY CITY; N. 'J.—{/PHWbrfr ers of the Westinghouse -Electric Co. .Pacific Ave. plant., ye'steid'ay hung Santa Claus in effigy-Jn- a dispute with management- ov.er^iRU-', day time off.'•- ... . I--~—,-... -.:-,,The Santa effigy- was par,a'de'<Qn, front of the plant's main office-by- members-of Local 456..United'Elcc,-. trical Workers (CIO)' before.-.-tht" ' "hanging.', 1 - ^'.J'.tiiV .-The dispute is over'interprefatio'n" of contract provisions for time--off' on Christmas and New Yea£s!.Day.i.,

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