Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on October 14, 1953 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

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Wednesday, October 14, 1953
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October .14, 1953 MITCHELL HAS BETtER CHANCE OF 8UCCESS THAN DURKIN HAD tot his new Secretary of Labor, President Eisenhower has turned to a man vastly experienced in labor relations, albeit mostly from the management side. And his choice, James P. Mitchell, seems at the outset to have the good will of organized labor. . • Mitchell comes to his new job from the Pentagon, where he has been Assistant Secretary of the Army for Manpower. During World War It he directed the War Departments Industrial' Personnel Division. Later he was a personnel adviser to the original Hoover Commission. Later he had charge of labor relations and personnel for two New York City department stores. His government service is a measure of the respect in which Mitchell is evidently held in the labor-relations field. He has served under both Democratic and Republican regimes. , , . . , , Both during his government duty and his private business service, the new secretary appears also to have won the regard of top union leaders. They say they found hire fair and reasonable, when he was negotiating for department-store management. Mitchell himself said he felt he got along well with union men. Not too many of these responded with favorable comments upon his appointment, but Walter Reuther, head of the CIO, did. He credited Mitchell with a "good reputation in labor circles, and he offered him "every cooperation in strengthening the Labor Department. Mitchell's task will not be easy. He inherits the unhappy situation left by the resignation of Martin Durkin, and must try to build anew. „ .. , , , Durkin quit because he said the President broke an agreement with him regarding proposed changes in the Taft-Hartley Law. But evidence indicates his real grievances were deeper, and that they grew out of constant rebuffs he suffered on matters of his department budget and suggested appointments. From these, Durkin acquired a sense of isolation and futility in his job. 4 Whose fault this situation was we shall not go into here. It's enough to say that Mitchell is unlikely to suffer . the same handicaps. Thus he should be better placed than Durkin to manage his department not as a narrow, isolated partisan of organized labor, but as a spokesman for all working men, dealing with their problems against the broad backdrop of the whole public interest. In this setting, he may now move to consider possible changes in the controversial Taft-Hartley Act, and other issues pressing for action in the labor field. TRAGIC LESSON FOR SCHOOLS It goes without saying that the whole country feels a deep sympathy for the family of kidnaped and murderer. Bobby Greenlease of Kansas City. . At the same time, it is stricken with horror at the incredible wickedness of the crime. All decent citizens must hope that the full measure of justice is meted out to the perpetrators of this senseless, callous adventure in human abnormality. , , We may express satisfaction that the FBI and the local and state police performed so ably in the case, capitalizing alertly on their tips and moving in fast to apprehend the abductors. Only an ignorant, stupid criminal would ever commit this crime today, since a quick examination of the FBI's records of arrests would discourage any shrewd man. But the police work-in the end is little consoKtion to Bobby's bereaved family. Their six-year-old son is dead. The real lesson his death holds for'the nation is this: Schools everywhere in the land should know now and hereafter never to release a child to the care or custody of an unknown gj Jed by Jndja The em person until his identity has been established beyond au barrassment mounts as the leader ' i - T —— ~ J u "* u ship of the Democratic party, Harry Truman and Adlai Stevenson, presses for such negotiations. It would become an issue in the 1954 congressional campaign and the question could well be asked: "What will it hurt to meet Malen kov? If the meeting is a failure it. was a good try; if peace comes from it, it would be a godsend. These Days By GEORGE E. SOKOLSKY Since Malenkov has become the master of Russia, he has been pressing for a big four conference. The idea is that Malenkov* Eisenhower, Churchill and Laniel will sit down to a talk to review all the problems that face their countries and the world and that something will come of it. , It will be'recalled that the first proposal for such a conference came from Sir Winston Churchill and the place set was Bermuda Churchill became ill, France's government fell, and the Bermuda conference did not take place. The American government was never anxious that it should take place and proposed instead that the foreign ministers of the four countries talk things over. This has not happened. Reasons For Going Slow Three reasons move our government to go slowly into this type of negotiation: 1. We have nothing to gain because the Russians have no concessions to make, no matter how the situation is analyzed. On the other hand, the United States has several concessions to make which can only benefit and strengthen Soviet Russia. Therefore, such a negotiation can give the impression of American appeasement of tSoviet Russia; 2. Teheran, Yalta and Potsdam have become landmarks in American diplomacy and continue to plague the Eisenhower administration as they did the Truman ad ministration. So much that was wrong was done at these conferences that practically everybody associated with them has suffered politically because of them. The American theory therefore is that conferences on the level of heads of states are disadvantageous; it is preferable to negotiate through foreign ministers or in the United Nations; 3. The issues before the world are well known, have been fully canvassed, and the attitude of each country is clear. The principal objective must be peace. To be sure pf peace, the use of non-conventional weapons, the hydrogen and atom bombs, chemical warfare, biologic warfare and guided missiles must be abandoned. Otherwise, the armament race will continue and must result in war But this issue, the Russians are apparently not prepared to resolve in a manner that can strengthen confidence. A non-aggression pact is inadequate; between 1925 and the present, Soviet Russia has made many non-aggression pacts which were broken at will. Therefore, the negotiation would be futile unless some guarantees were provided which could prove binding. U. S. Embarrassed By Pressure On the other hand, the United Slates is embarrassed by pressure for such a meeting on the part k oi Washington Column By DOUGLAS LARSEN NEA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON (NEA)-Administrations may come and go but the five percenter business is apparently here to stay--even though it 's devalued a percentage point or two. * And there always seems to be a place for new talent in the field. As one frankly proud five per­ center explains it: "What's the difference between what we do and the law profession? Lawyers have a special knowledge of the law and legal procedure which they sell. We have a special knowledge of the complicated machinery of government which we sell. It's a profession which they ought to be teaching in colleges." He also claims that politics doesn't have much to do with getting ahead in the field. As proof he cites the cases of three prominent Democrats who are now making good peddling their specialized knowledge of various functions of the government, even as it is being run by the Republicans. They are Leslie L. Biffle, crony of former President Truman and former secretary of the Senate; John R. Steelman, former assistant to Truman, and Franklin D. Richards, former Federal Housing administrator. There are others, too. Have Good Clients, Too * Within the trade it's reported that Biffle and Steelman have each latched onto several very good clients, big firms whose Washington interests they are now handling. Richards is in the mortgage business which obviously puts him in frequent contact with the government's housing agency. The Eisenhower inaugural official, Warren L. Stephenson, who recently got into the soup by trying to sell information about proposed classified Navy purchases was strictly a rookie, the veterans all claim. Everybody in the "per cent" business in Washington knew about the Navy rocket launching contract on which Stephenson got burned, the old hands assert. It was leaked widely before Stephenson heard about it. Word had gotten out that the FBI was looking into it and everyone but Stephenson stayed away from it. The Stephenson case, it is claimed, points up the two most serious abuses in the government's procurement system. And the system hasn't changed materially since the Republicans took over. Malenkov has already demonstrated, at least by the purge of Beria, that he is strong in his position. Churchill is ill, cannot remain long in power, and obviously seeks to end his career by a dramatic diplomatic achievement. Laniel is new in diplomacy, has The first weakness is that it still lends itself to the "influence peddling' 1 which Congress tried to eliminate several years ago. The four or five percenter who knows an important cabinet officer or two, or can get an undersecretary on the phone any time, still has the inside track on government business. He can influence the procurement officer lower down to throw a contract one way or another. Weakness In "Closed Negotiation" That situation is made possible by the biggest weakness of all in government buying which is the "closed negotiation." This device is supposed to be used excusively for secret items. Yet in the past few months large contracts for such items as tent poles, mess kits, ammunition boxes and belt links have been let on negotiated contracts. The way it works, the purchasing official gets in touch with a few companies he knows can make and deliver the item- he wants to buy. These firms then submit informal estimates of what it will cost to produce the item. But the purchasing agent isn't committed to accept the lowest offer, nor is the firm committed to accept the order on the basis of his tentative offer. The whole thing is worked out by "negotiation." And its "legal" because there's a "secret" stamp on the order. Sometimes only two or three companies are a^ked to make offers on negotiated contracts. There may be six to 10. But it strictly limits the number of firms which can ever get a crack at such business. Pentagon officials admit that close to 80 per cent of all of its weapon procurement is done by the negotiated contract, although nowhere near that fraction of the buying involves classified items. It keeps the four and five per­ centers in business. The trick is to get around to the purchasing agents of all of the various bureaus and offices and get the companies they represent included in the exclusive negotiated contract notices. The big firms can afford to have their own full-time representatives handle this business. The smaller firms have to depend on the five percenters. Washington Report hy Fulton Lewis 9 WASHINGTON, Oct. 14-An interesting postscript to Bishop G. Bromley Oxnam's recent appearance before the House Un-American Activities Committee indicates that the bishop may have stretched at least one point in trying o clear himself of any association with Communist-tainted groups. The evidence at hand shows that it actually took him- nine months longer than he said it did, to disassociate himself from the one organization after he had determined to his own satisfaction that it had Communist backing. The Magazine Incident The incident involves the now- defunct magazine, "The Protestant Digest." Questioned by the committee about his connection with it, Bishop Oxnam testified that in March, 1940, he ha'! agreed to go on the magazine's editorial board. He said he did so in response to an invitation from the publication's editor, Kenneth Leslie, who sent him a letter listing the then- members of the board. Bishop Oxnam said he was impressed by some of the names thereon, and that he accepted the invitation after Mr. Leslie had told him the membership would entail "as much or as little" time and work as the bishop himself would choose to put into it. The bishop said he resigned from the board by letter to Mr. Leslie, dated Feb. 11, 1942. , "Now," he " testified, "why did I resign? Because Mr. Roger Baldwin of the American Civil Liberties Union one day came to me and said, 'Bishop, I wonder if you know who is really back of the Protestant Digest?' "I said, 'What do you mean?' He said, 'I would look into it very carefully. I think , that magazine has Communist support,' "Mr. Roger Baldwin is a mzn who knew that whole field intimately. I resigned because of what he told me, after having looked into the matter." So, said the Bishop, he wrote his Feb, 11, 1942 letter to Mr. Leslie, stating that the "Protestant Digest'kwas engaging in some activities of which the Bishop did not approve, and concluding, "I think r must ask you to accept my resignation and to drop my name from the list of editorial advisers." Questioned, the Bishop was un able to give any reason why thej magazine still carried his name as an editorial adviser in its August-September, 1942, issue. Leslie Files Answer Mr. Leslie now comes up with the answer, He gives it in a mimeographed periodical called "One." It further identifies itself as "formerly the Protestant," and as edited by Kenneth Leslie. In a lengthy review of the entire matter, Leslie said he had received the Feb. 11 letter but that he had immediately "written to ( Bishop Oxnam pleading with him ! to reconsider his resignation." In September, he said he received "a very friendly letter" from the Bishop enclosing "an article by a former student of his . • . for possible use in the Protestant" "The very friendly letter of Sept. l, 1942, gave me hope that he was reconsidering," Leslie says. "And this turned out to be correct. For on Nov. 30, 1942, he wrote again as follows: 'After carefully considering the whole question of remaining on the list of editorial advisers of the protestant, I have decided to resign.' "This will we hope, make it clear why Bishop Oxnam's name appeared on our masthead until November, 1952, after which it was removed." Bishop Oxnam's appearance before tlje House Committee was planned well in advance. He had several weeks in which to prepare his testimony, to search all his records, correspondence and other material which might be helpful in that testimony. To the casual bystander, it does seem a bit curious that he found the Feb. li letter, which he told the committee constituted his final resignation from the editorial board, but that he failed to find either the "very friendly" letter of Sept. 1 or the second resignation letter, dated Nov. 30. (Copyright, 1953) Mobile Homes! T_ J • T . - v •"->•• Colonial Trailers Richardson Trailers Local Financing • Direct Factory Dealers • Good Used Trailers Bought and Sold Mgrs., Avery & Delorcs Finde Owner — Bill Foley MAIN TRAILER SALES 1719 W. Main Phone 73040 DAJIY 4 Ifegisfer-Mail Office 154-156 East Simmons Street Galesburg, Illinois Entered as Secono Class Matter at the Post Office at Galesburg Illinois, under Act of Congress of March 3. 1879. Wm. C. Pritchard Publisher ft. F. J ell Iff Editoi M. H. Eddy Managing Editor TELEPHONE NUMBERS Register-Mail Exchange 4455 Night News' Room Numbera 4458 or 4459 _.. . . „ . , had no experience in dealing with Great Britain* France and the neu- such issues, t and can never know doubt. Had Bobby's school simply telephoned his home to check, his life would have been saved- HEY—HOW 'BOUT THAT? Postmaster General Summerfield is running around the country painting a glowing picture of the post office of the future: Locations set off from congested areas, adequate parking facilities, even drive-in service like some banks' have these days. This is all very nice, Mr. Postmaster General. But when are we going to the heart of the matter? What are you going to do about those awful, chicken-scratching pens that litter every post office counter from coast to coast? i PRESIDENTIAL BIRTHDAY President Eisenhower, 63 on Wednesday, is the third President since the Civil War to be still in the White House at that age, Woodrow Wilson reached 63 while Chief Executive, but broken in health, depressed at the refusal of the Senate to accept the League of Nations, holding the reins of government feebly, if at all. The League of Nations he had fathered came officially into existence two weeks after Wilson's 63d birthday. Harry S. Truman was in full physical vigor at 63, belaboring the Republicans in control of both branches of Congress, busily planning to be nominated for President and elected in the following year. He held a press conference on his 63d birthday, telling it that he was optimistic about the chance of peace and about the United States but that his counry made "slaves" of \ts Presidents. Of the pre-Civil War Presidents six were still in office when their 63d birthdays came around—Washington, John Adams, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Jackson. Three others were elected President after they had reached 63—William Henry Harrison, Taylor, and Buchanan, Many happy returns of the day, Mr. President. when a slight shift in French politics will overturn his government This uncertainty affects many international questions. Eisenhower remains at the height of his popularity, but the attitudes of Truman and Stevenson have made it clear that the political honeymoon period is over. For Eisenhower, it would be politically preferable to wait until after „ the 1954 congressional elections to It is a difficult decision to make.jsee precisely where he stands and MEMBER. ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is entlUed exclusively to the use of republication of all the local news printed tn this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches. So They Say . . • My country (Poland) despises Russia and puts her entire hope in the western world and America.— Dr. Marek Korowicz, self-exiled member Polish UN team. We must seek to understand and resolve age-old prejudices, ambitions and hatreds that scar great parts of the world.—President Eisenhower. It costs the average motorist two cents in taxes for every mile he drives his car.—C. A. Benoit, Jr., president, Permatex Company. L J • I hope and pray the armistice we have signed will bring peace and security to this part of the world.—-General Clark, leaves Korea. 1 GREATER " DAYS Thursday PAYS Saturday Children's Shoes Values to $6.95 All sizes. Growing Values to $7.95 All sizes. Shoes A Advertising Rep & • In etrolt Boston Ward-Griffith Company* incorporated Francisco MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU CIRCULATION If Dulles, Eden, Bidault, and Molo tov could meet in advance, canvass the discussion, gain some preliminary insight into the prospects of peace, it would be an advantage. Apart from the diplomacy involved, these men know each other, have conferred before, and have established some knowledge of how much support he actually ha: before he makes a new departure in policy. Furthermore, he needs to be sure of his support in Congress. The probability is, however, that the pressure for a conference is becoming too strong to resist To hold it or not to hold it is a SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier In dry of Galesburg 3Cc a week By mall In retail trading zona 1 Year $8.00 3 Months —$2.75 6 Months „ $4.79 1 Month $1. FASTEST FOR GAS N RELIEF STOMACH THANK HEAVENS! Most attack* are acid indigestion. When it strikes take Bell-ans tablets. They contain the fastest-acting medicines known to doctors for the relief of heartburn and gas. 50* refunded If not eatisfied. Send empty carton to Bell-ans. Orangeburg, N. Y. Get BeU-ans today. 23*. r Women's Shoes Values to $10.95 All sizes. BUNKER'S SHOE STORE "Good Shoes Since 1876" 132 East Main Street Phone 1071-9 each other's methods, Neither [difficult decision to make because Churchill, Eisenhower nor Laniel has met Malenkov, certainly not since he has acceded to power. of the political risks, internal and external. (Copyright, 1953) By carrier in retail trading zona outside city, of Galesburg '• 1 week 25c By mail outside our retail trading cone in nHnots, Iowa, Missouri i year $10.00 3 Months —$3.25 6 Months -$ 6.50 1 Month $1.23 Elsewhere in U. S. A. by mail I Year $15.00 3 Month* W $4J0 6, Months „$ 8.00 1 Month .—$1.75 Mail subscriptions to members of Armed Forces In niinola, Iowa and Missouri l year $8.00 3 Months _ $2.75 6 Months $4.75 1 Month $1.00 In all other states 1 year $12.00 3 Month* $3.50 6 Months -$ 6.50 t Month $1.25 1 GREATER " SSI 209 East Main Street Ladies Percale Dresses Ladies' Day by Day A FEW THOUGHTS ON LIVING 5. Remember that the rea. achievement of the soul is right Assorted Styles and Colors Rayon Panlies •GREATER t 5§§ »»»» THURS.-FRL SATURDAY MEN'S WATERPROOF•SH0CKPR00F 7 A iSifiiii •mess**** Unbreakable Main Spring, Diamond $100.00 aUMiea Costume Jewelry $1.00 By DR. W. HARRY FREDA If one has the right philosophy of life, it is possible to live in peace and contentment, no matter what may be the circumstances. In fact, sane living i3 possible only when we make the proper adjustments to our environment. Blessed is that person who deals with the problems of life with wise and understanding adjustments. Ladies eousncss, anj not happiness. 6. Happiness is a by-product; and one of the surest ways of becoming miserable is to strive to be happy. 7. Avoid that worldly temper that never sees a burning bush, never hears a mystic voice, and never prostrates the soul in reverence before the mystery of the Eternal. 8. Remember that getting along Solid Gold $12.95 Birthstone S9.87 Cookoo Clocks $16.87 TOWELS I a** la is Large A friend of mine once set down!in the world may be fatal to the eight suggestions for the art of living. They are worthy of our best thought and attention. 2 am passing them on to you. 2. Happiness is not to be found in the pursuit and enjoyment of things. 2. It is more important that one should cultivate friendly and getting on oi the soul. If there je any praise or any virtue, think on these things. ^•^^•^•Ws^^Wsa^BMBi^sss^^sss^^ 111 Thoughts for the Day And be set the priests in their charges, and encouraged them to Boys' Men's I, Assorted Patterns Ifiiiiisj!!!!! jiitiiiiijifiiji aiiiUHaieaess fraternal relations with people the service of the house of the than to accumulate a bank ac- Lord.—II Chron. 35:2. count. To support those of your rights 3. Spiritual values are infinite- authorized by heaven, destroy ev- Jy higher than material values, erything rather than yield; that m 11 rj - •milllHIlMBM 1 -j- •" r • •••SOT: AND 4, A good conscience is a fine old-age pension; and a good name is a fine legacy to leave yourj childreja. is the spirit of the church.—Boileau. MEN'S HANDKERCHIEFS Safin Ship J 0/97* White -.-.12/97* JEWELERS 219 East Main Street itfateoaieifteae *i»a*em Illlllll illlAit* IIIISIII « eeievia * iieeit em in - •• • • f I III 1 111 R. ii tiiiiiiiiiiu a«a Mill II • tail • ia» •1*1 • III sin I I1T r .;csi3r.iiuiuittt ££40 THE CLASSIFIED ADS

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