The Morning Herald from Hagerstown, Maryland on April 12, 1947 · Page 1
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The Morning Herald from Hagerstown, Maryland · Page 1

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Saturday, April 12, 1947
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Good Morning Looks like the "number please" girlt are going to keep u§ waiting another week. MORNING VOL. LI, No. 87. HERALD Clearing That topcoat may feel comfortable by nightfall. HAGERSTOWN, MARYLAND, SATURDAY, APRIL 12, 1947. (/P)~Meani Aseocfated Pre*» U ^^^ — __ m oniui^ <oun, o UfciMS. nion Rejects Tentative Phone Agreement P ^ > • ^ • _ _ —— .. _ _—__ .. ..,, ^^^^ Strike Curbing Labor Measure Gets Approval House Moy Send Far- Reaching Bill To Floor NexfJWeek By DOUGLAS 8. CORNELL Washington, April 11 (/P)_ The House Labor Committee approved tonight a far-reaching new bill to curb strikes arid the powers of unions generally. The Senate Labor Committee at the *ame time adopted a ban on the closed shop in the general measure it has under consideration. Senator Taft (R-Ohio). committee chairman, announced the action after an all day session in which the members went through less than half o f the big bill. The House committee put off until tomorrow mornin a single rouiine vote which will send its bill to the House floor for action next week. It has approved the bill section hy section, however, including a provision to cope v.-Uti strikes affecting the welfare of the entire nation. The measure would outlaw the closed shop and. with some exceptions, ban collective bargaining on an industry-wide basis. It would permit the union shop if both employers and employes want it. The closed shop requires a company to hire only union workers. The union shop lets it hire anyone it pleases, but the new employe must join the union shortly afterward. Chairman Hartley (R-Nj) told reporters the bill would "break unions down to a company level." Far stiffer than : . labor bilf now under consideration by the Senate Labor Committee, the House measure lists a whole ne.w set of labor practices that, would be branded "unfair" practices of both employers and employes. Among other things, it would:" 1 Forbid political contributions by unions, guarantee the employer the right of free speech on labor matters, make unions subject to law suits for violating contracts.'take the Conciliation Service away from the Labor Department .and. make it independent, abolish the present National Labor Relations Board and set up a new one confined primarily to holding hearings on charges of unfair labor . practices. An independent administrator would submit cases to the new- board and enforce them, in .the courts, if need be. Production Of Soft Coal Nearly 2,000 Mines Now Operating As More Are Removed From Hazardous List — Production Now 59 Percent of Normal tv Washington, April II (/p)—The Coal Mines Administration reported that soft coal production crept up to 59 percent of normal'today with the return to work of :iO,000 additional miners. They had been idle in the "safe•'" stoppage which followed the Centralia, 11!., mine explosion. The CMA said 1.S60 mines are now operating, 168 more than on Thursday.' The number of men at work was estimated at 185,648, compared with 155,723 the day before. Estimated production, calculated on the normal working basis wa'-s 1,393,996 tons. The Burea of Mines said that 3S additional mines were removed from the government's "hazardous" list of 518 today, bringing the total of mines which have passed .inspection to itjS. The newly approved mines included one of the largest and deepest the United States, the Glen Rogers, W. Ya., number two mine of the Raleigh Mining Company of The CMA said that, in «!!, 3,750 of the mines which it i s operating, and for which safety certification was required, have been authorized to open. Of that number. 902 or 51 percent, employing 120,425, are in operation. Still closed of such mines are S5S-— most of them United Mine Workers mines—which normally employ 133.4SS men. R. R. Sayers. director of the Federal Bureau of Mines, reported "considerable laxity" in state coal mine safety requirements today ami suggested a federal law with "definite police powers." Rubble Moved Away From Tornado Ruins Woodward Counts 84 Dead and One Thousand Injured Woodward, Okla.. April 11 (ip)— The grind of machinery clearing away the rubble today replaced screaming ambulance sirens a.s Woodward, still mouring S-l dead, turned to rebuilding its tornado- shattered city. One thousand Woodward residents were injured in Wednesday night's twister. Woodward was hardest hit of the Texas and Oklahoma communities in the path of the storm. More than 50 other persons were killed or died of injuries. Higgins. Texas, reported 3D dead: Glazier. Texas. 14. Three were killed in Gage. Okln. Rut this city of 5.500 was undaunted hy estimates of some, citizens it would rake five years to rebuild. While there was talk of a maps burial for the. victims, a meeting of civic and business leaders was held to plan the rebuilding of the town. Mayor R. A. Bosch estimated 500 houses were uninhabitable and 70 per cent of all homes in the city were damaged or destroyed. "Most of our people will need help but they don't, want charity or Palestine Session Lane Concentrates By UN Scheduled On Bills, Vacancies Preparations Rushed for Meeting On Vital Problem Lake ^Success. Y.. April 11 (£*) ~ United Nations officials said today a special Palestine session of the General Assembly probably would be called within 48 hours to convene around April 2S. These plans were based on the assumption that the British request for the extraordinary session would have a majority approval by Sunday. Twenty-two of the necessary 2S endorsements are already in. As preparations for the unprecedented meeting were rushed. Belgian sources disclosed the first president of the Assembly. Paul- Henri Spaak. Premier of Belgium would be unable to attend. Spaak's term expired Dec. 31. but it had been assumed he would be re-elected in view of his highly praised record as president. He was said to be planning to attend the regular session tember. next Sep- , res- dent must be elected for the special session and another election must be held at the opening of the regular meeting, it is possible Under Assembly rules, a presi- ilected for t d another at the ope 3ting. It is ] therefore, that a new president might preside over the extraordinary session and that Spaak might be elected again in September At any rate, the special session will be opened by Fern and Van Lageiihove. permanent Belgian delegate to the U. X. who win serve as president pro tempore until an election is held. _ Under Assembly rules, the se<=- sion must be convened within 15 rtays after majority approval, but not less than 10 davs. Government phasized. handouts." he em- Wallace Scores Truman Program Dan Young, 103, Gets Proposals Soth Bend. Ind., April n (/p)_ ITncle Dan Young, who' has been single all his 103 years, pondered •ib proposals of marriage today Imcle Dan's dilemma was reallv his own fault. At his birthday party two weeks ago he suggested that he would consider marriage if a woman of his own age came along. His statement was published widely and wa-- taken s sen- ously by loneh- widows and spinsters, aged 12 to 100 in all parts of the countrv. Terms of One Hundred State Officials Expire Before July 1 Annapolis. Md., April ll (#>) Governor Lane concentrated on one of two major tasks before him today, wading through the hundreds of bills left for his approval by the General Assembly. The other job. however, wil] occupy a good par* of hi.: time in the next few weeks. That is the appointment of at least 100 state officials whose terms expire between now and .Inly 1. Some important posts are on the many of them are j on boards and commissions which are not paid. The Governor also has the appointment of a new Motor Vehicles Commissioner to think about. The bill ending Commissioner W. Lee Elgin's term June 30, n-hich the administration pressed during the recent legislative session, .is among those still awaiting the Governor's, signature. There was no question in debate over the measure, however, that the Governor wanted a free hand in choosing the Vehicles Commissioner. Elgin opposed Lane in the Democratic primary last year. Should the Governor name a new man for the job. it would have to be a recess appointment, since the "ripper"' hill to oust the present Commissioner this year required Senate confirmation of his successor. Of the appointments that Lane must make, -one is to the State Roads Commission. The term of Russell H. McCain of Frederick nms out. this year, but the roads bill enacted by the Legislature specified that all three members of the Commission serve at the Governor's pleasure. Thus Lane has authority to change Us membership completely. Another of the appointments which do not require Senate confirmation is that rf one member of the State Racing Commission. Chairman George P. Ma honey's term ends this year. Other important selections will be those of a State Auditor, an Insurance Commissioner, a member of the Public Service Commission. State Tax Commission. Athletic Commission and Accident Fund Commission. a woman T.ondon, April u (./pi — Henry Wallace said tonight President Truman was embarking on a doctrine of "unconditional aid to anti- Soviet governments." The former Vice President, advocated a 10-year $50.000.000.000 world spending "program as a substitute prescription for peace. He said ho. believed an overall program of European reconstruction financed by the International Rank and directed by the United Nations would insure success of the. Moscow Foreign Ministers Conference. Woman Executed For 1944 Murder San Qnentin, April H (/P)—Mrs Louise Peete .ludson. who spent more than one third of her 59 years in prison, died today in San Quentm's green tinted gas cham- her for the murder of ; who had befriended Her. Mrs. .ludson was executed for the 15)14 murder O f .Mrs. Margaret Logan. 60, Pacific Palisades." to whom she had boon paroled after serving 18 years of a life sentence tor the.. 1320 murder <>: Jacob Donton. Los Angeles engineer. Sho fought finitely into the U. S. Supreme Court for the |ii> she had sustained for years by defrauding two benefactors — both of whom she killed with a pistol to obtain their estates. Senate Heads For Test Vole On Balkan Aid Easrldnd Calls for Resistance To Communism On All Fronts Washington, April 11 {/P)_ Senator Eastland (D-Miss) called for resistance to Communism "on every front in the world" today as the Senate headed to a test vote on the §400,000,000 program for Greece and Turkey. The activities of Henry A. Wallace abroad also entered ihe debate. Eastland declared that Wallace has tried ••{<, JIKlllce lhe fnends and allies of this country to desert her." Senator Popper (U-Maj defended Wallace. The test vote was posed by a motion of Senator Edwin c Johnson ID-Colo) to strir the aid to lurkey from the bill, leaving only the aid to Greece. Johnson'called lurkey "a Fascist military dictatorship" and said the proposed American assistance to that country^ implies a "military alliance." This was the first amendment by a foe of the bill to reach the voting stage. Several amendments by Senator Vandenberg (R-Mi c h) on behalf of 'the Foreign Relations Committee, which he heads, were quickly adopted on voice votes late yesterday. Undersecretary of State Dean Acheson, for the administration, today endorsed the Vandenberg amendment to give the United Nations conditional authority to halt the United States program. Acheson testified on this and other points at a closed session of the House Foreign Affairs Committee. He expressed satisfaction at "real progress" made by Congress. Rep. Eaton (R-NJ), committee chairman, predicted the House group will adopt the Vandenberg amendment. Eaton said his committee will consider the bill further next Tuesday and that he hopes it -will finish its work by the end of this month, sending 'the measure to the House floor. Eastland assailed Wallace as the former Vice President and Cabinet officer addressed a meeting in London sponsored by tlie New Statesman and Nation. Leftist weekly. Wallace criticized President Truman's program and said Britain could save the world from war by refusing to take sides between the United States and Russia. Child Finds Lost Doll In Wreckage '!'.L n / LJn An " II " 1)bai ''l ^es for joy after finding her lost doll in the wreckage or a home destroyed by a tornado in Glazier. Tox Ann is her sister, Gloria Jean. With Jo (A! 1 Wirephoto) Russia Asked To Join With U. S. To Fulfill Promise Moscow. April 11 f/pj—Secretary Marshall asked Russia today to join with the United States in another try at granting Korea its long - promised independence as soon as possible. In a letter to Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov giving impetus to American policy on the eastern extremity of the Soviet-American diplomatic front, Marshall declared hat the United States intends to proceed . meanwhile with independence measures in American-occupied Korea. Topcoats Disappear As Mercury Hils 73 FIRST SMALLPOX Albany. N. y.. April 11 (/P}—The first case of smallpox in upstate New York in several years was reported tonight to the State Flealth Department. Police Free Worker From Molasses Tank Too Much Shoe In the Goo, So Cops Go To the Rescue New York. April 11 (/p)—Joseph Giknis not only put his foot into it—he put both feet—and it took six husky cops to extricate him. Giknis. a 40-year-old Brooklyn Coal company mechanic, met * a friend employed at a nearby railroad freight terminal. The t'riend. said he had dropped a monkey wrench into an empty molasses tank car and asked Giknis to help him get it out. Giknis said sure, and proceeded to let himself down into the car. Right away he found the car not exactly empty, and himself in a sweet fix—too much shoe in the goo. Marshal] proposed that Russia and the United States agree as soon a.s possible on reconvening their stalemated joint commission on Korea to work out independence measures for the entire country "on the basis of respect for democratic right of freedom of opinion.'' He also asked that a deadline be fixed this summer for a preview by the two governments of j Late Showers Bring Cool- the commission's work. ' — 3 Marshall emphasized that lie regards the American intention to proceed with independence measures in southern Korea as in accord with the Moscow agreement of December. JJ)45. setting up the commission to prepare for Korean independence. 1,000 Court House Birds To Be Trapped Cumberland, Md., April 11 I/P)—George A. Winner and Clarence M. George, both of Midland, want live pigeons for some undisclosed reason and today landed the job of trapping about 1,000 pigeons which infest the Altegany county court house. For years the Allegany County Commissioners have been trying to find some reasonable way to get rid of the birds which damage the property. On a number of occasions grand juries have recommended action. Today the Midland pair offered to do the job "for free'' and the proposal was accepted on condition the county will not be responsible for injuries in case of accidents. Union Leader Writes Terms Off As 'Dead "I Suppose We Will Have to Start All Over Again/ 7 Long-Distance Operators' Union Spokesman Tells Reporters By J. W. DAVIS Washington April 11 (XP)_ The leader of the long dis Lance workers in the nationwide telephone strike wrote off as "dead" the tentative agreement of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company. Di ing had said that if the union failed to accept the settlement plan definitely by midnight "the tentative agreement oi the company will be withdrawn. Then I suppose \ve will have to start all over again." preslrlent ° C Ule American Union of Telephone of course. We'll just have to qt7mf ™. n ? i f oinK ^ ac f' u b to stand by and see what, happens now. ' ai ' e n ° L too , much worried aboui. them withdrawing the offer. ^ ^ l ° neg ° tlatln S a co * trfl « that th hurl He t.oifl'Molotov that the L'nited States "mindful of its obligation under the Moscow agreement, sees no alternative to taking without further delay such steps in it.s zone as will advance the purposes of that agreement.' 1 Fast Time Voted For Keedysviile Keedysville will follow thtylead oT Hagt'rstown and adopt daylight, saving time Throughout the summer, ns a result of action taken at a meeting of that community's officials last nisht. The molasses was ankle deep) A three-two vote favoring adop- and. to put it. mildly, somewhat " " gummed up the works, not to mention Giknis. "What's the matter" his friend from above. inquired stuck," said Giknis. with (Continued on Page 2) Election Contest Decision Near • r Memorandum Is Being Prepared On Ballots Claimed By Markey tion was east by the mayor, assistant mayor, and three councilmen. Mayor Charles Taylor also announced that the. town hopes to ge; under way its concrete alley project next week. er Temperature Here Friday Night An evening shower last night cooled off Hagerstown, after the temperature climber to 73 degrees, according i.o D. Paul Oswald's government weather thermometer at Chewsville. The rending was seven degrees below the year's maximum, the SO recorded last ' Sunday, but. the humidity yesterday made it seem virtually as warm as it was on Master day. The mercury had dropped only two degree? by 7 p.m.. Mr. Oswald said, but it went into at least a temporary decline when the showers hit. Ffagerstown. They catne The tentative agreement between the A. T. & T.' and the lone distance union included a plan-to arbitrate demands, including wages, i ttiese workers. However, their union is onlv one of 49 in the nf a «h°r a i £ etle ™ tion , of Telephone Workers and the policy committee poliiv Pederatlon ruled tnac Ule Proposal "did not conform" to union The policy committee held that the agreement is "local" in the seribe that it applies to but one union, whereas the committee wants ail to be treated together. Government conciliators had hoped that the long distance proposal might serve as a pattern for all unions and thus end the strike of 320,000 workers quickly. Work Requirement One condition of the long distance proposal was that the members go back to work. The federation policy committee steered away from approval, apparently for fear of the effects a restoration of long distance service would have on the rest of the strike. Dring said that if the deadline passes without acceptance, "it may he some time" before negotiations on long distance matters can be Senator And Labor Leader Have Clash CfO Official Opposes Cut In Labor and Security Funds Washington, April 11 (&)— Senator Dworshak (R-Idaho) and .James R. Carey, CIO leader, quarrelled angrily today over whether the Republican Party .should be blamed for cuts in President Truman's burget. Carey, CIO secretary-treasurer, had just finished' reading to a Senate Appropriations Subcommittee a statement opposing cuts in labor and social security funds voted by the House when Dworshak leaned across the table to declare loudly: "1 don't know why the witness h;is to inject partisan politics into this committee hearing." Carey had told the committee that. House Republicans seek to kill the former Roosevelt New Deal program by cutting "huge sums up to SO percent" from the budget. "Are you asking for reprisals or do you want to square deal?'' Dworshak roared. "I resent your insinuations and I dou't want you or anyone like you to come in here playing partisan politics." "I believe I represent the point of view of members of the CIO." replied Carey heatedly. "I festifv r.r, mi. ,,,mt?iM0wri. i Hey came hp,-o recardinsr rhr> u z,ir. !% h "r io - meas " re - *i- -»*«r *r«- s c 0 ;«r T " though d MJICR of rain WHS record- » Al! i ftnfr ac , tremendous ed yesterday morning. The weather observer found a scum of ice on Thursday and a very frost ward to a homecoming meeting in the Pythian temple ru .$ p nv" on April IK. Bids To Be Opened By City May First As "ong as your organization sponsor? the politics it does. I agree with you this country faces terrible dangers." Dworshak broke that didn't do anv damace Tern- Vi,~ ,)-,.-, n*r..,.,,r^ ,»,.„ .I.. 1 . _„..,,,;.... m I Tlle <li*P«tft in the committee room ended when Senator McCarran (I)-Xev) told Carey: "The attitude you assume before this committee today doesn't get you anything either "from Democrats or Republicans. It, will defeat you in the very thing you're trying to carry out.'' peratures that day ranged between t'2 and .'iO. On Wednesday. ..IS of an inch of rain was recorded at ChewsviUe. and temperatures between 50 and •12. Ordianlisis were, predicting that peach trees will he. in blossom within a week, and apple trees within two weeks, if the warm weather rominues. GOAL EXCEEDED Oakland. Md.. April II (/P)—A campaign in raise SSO.OOO for construction of the Garrett County Memorial Hospital has gone over the top and is being continued for funds for a wing. Chairman George. H, Hanst announced today. CLOTHIER DIES Hids for contracts for Westminster apparently joined the growing list of Maryland cities which will have dnylight saving time this summer when Mayor ,{o- Washington. April 11 (.^—Chairman • Hic.keniooper (R.-Iowa) reported after an executive session <>f his Senate Rules subcommittee that the group i s "clearing away ihe underbrush'' toward a decision in the cont.esl.nd election of Senator O'Conor (D.-Md.) John D. Markey. Republican, lost in the last general election by » count of 2.232 votes. He has claimed voting irregularities, particularly in Prince C,eorges, Anne Arundnl. Howard, St. Mary's and Cecil counties and asked »Kft i s.'ph ^ count. rc- Hickenlooper said ballots in the live selected counties had been examined and 6.655 challenged by counsel for both sides have been Xew York. April 11 {/Pi—Kugone. i set aside for further studv Thp «. \Til\nt C£ r^fc.... _.-_ • i . i. • .. l V . T * * 11 r; Mapes. Sfi. Former president, of Brooks Brothers. Clothiers, died today. chairman said the committee's chief counsel. Francis K?lly, has been instructed to prepare, a mem- orandum on thes<- challenged ,, , ^^s^^,r,r;-:il.iSHr-'- xa -land for the two the Town "fast time." derided in determining their va-i lidity and giving his view on ap- ! plica hie Maryland law. Hic.Venlooper sel for O'Conor and Markey to §ee if there ran be "some ground for agreement" on pertinent Maryland n. L. Horn and Ralph Funk- nuMuor-1 housor will bo among thn bidders. " '''"'"• ' Fitnkhnuser announced vpsterdav.' law. "It all amounts to a lot. of housekeeping right now." Hickenlooper told reporters. "We are completing investigation of certain irregularities, or claimed irregularities, of initials by olection officials on some ballots, trying to find out if any unused ballots are missing and the like." Hickenlooper said it would take several days to finish these, studies ONE STRIKE ENDS Albany. N. Y.. April 11 The strike of tho Kmpiro State Telephone union. uinaffiliated) against tho New York Telephone company ended tonight, Thomas H. Laine. assistant vice president of the company, announced. PROBE ORDERED Washington. April H The and for Kelly to prepare his mem- stands office of the housing expeditor today ordered a full investigation of what it termed "unauthorized construction work" on rare track orandnm. at tJir Churchill Downs track at Louisville, Ky. Household Goods Reported Stolen Mildred Benner. Clearsprinsr. reported to police last night that a large supply of household goods stored in a garage in the rear of 400 block of George street was stolen. Investigating police reported that two youths had admitted selling some of the goods to \* local junk dealer. j Goods stolen included: pillow {cases, bed sheets, cushion covers. (Curtains and cooking utensils. Fail-child Aircraft Division here j n , "'_"' ' was listed as ono of thf three or j PnOne four major aircraft makers in thr i mil ion to show a profit during j 1946, at. a rheck.ip of tinanrinl re-1 ports filed in Washington with i bo- Civil Aeronautics Hoard. Profits Rare During '46 Uneventful Here uneventful nature of the Calls were still handled on an showed a profit during the year, *. dispatch from Washington said. Most of the big namos of the industry, including FWmg. Con- solidated-Vultop. Republic H » d many others, listed losses that ran from six to eight, figures. emergency basis by officials, as everyone concerned kept one ear cocked for arbitration developments. The picket? were still on duty, calmly producing umbrellas when it be«.an to rain in the evening. resumed. Dring asserted that the time limit had been agreed to by both, sides; jVIoran said that "we didn't agree to it. The company said they had to know by midnight tonight"" Meantime Secretary of Labor Schwellenbach delayed for the present a reply to a union proposal for top level and public talks with the American Telephone and Telegraph Company. Schwellenbach had promised "an immediate decision" after getting the request, from President 7 4 Beirne of the National Federation of Telephone Workers. Consideration Slowed However, ihe Secretary's asso . (Continued on Page 2) — — _ Telephone Workers In JersejUrresfed Criminal and Civil Actions Srarred To Test New Law Newark. N. j.. April 11 ,^_ Cnminal and civil court actions were started today i n a test hy striking New Jersey Rell Telephone Company switchboard operators of the constitutionality O f this state's new anti-public utilitv strike legislation. At the same time 4.SOO dial maintenance workers, members of an independent union which find returned to work when the lecis- lature passed an amendment" to the law three days ago. received new instruction? from their union president, ,1. J. Curtin. not to cross picket, lines of the 12.000 operators. This morning, the three women leaders of the Traffic Telephone Workers Federation of N>w jersey (a NFTW affiliate* were, arrested and arraigned in Essex county court on warrants charsins: them with violating the antistrike law. All pleaded innocent. As (hey left the rourt house, where, they had been released in ?SOO bail each for a hearing Monday, the three were handed court notices that the union had been named defendant in a 510,000 per riie.m civil suit brought hy the. state. The operators defied the state law on instructions from the. NFTW's national strike policy committee in Washington, which described rhe statute as "Fascist, unconstitutional and evilly inspired." State Attorney General Walter I). Van Ripper instructed local police, officers today that picketing the telephone properties now. was "unlawful and should he, broken up."

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