Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland on December 21, 1948 · Page 5
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Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 5

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Cumberland, Maryland
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Tuesday, December 21, 1948
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Phone 4600 For a WANT AD Taker EVENING. TIMES, CUMBERLAND, MD., TUESDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1948 FIVE Cluang Forces Retreat From Northern Zone NANKING. China— (#)—Nationalist China, today marked up "another day without a functioning Cabinet or a victory in its civil war. The shooting war north of the Yangtze river is almost over, quali- flid -military observers said. They reported government forces appear- J ed neither .willing nor capable of Mounting a single large scale of- lensive north of the river, nor of stopping any ' mass • Communist thrust. Pro-government newspapers acknowledged Tientsin, major industrial center of-north .China,, was "completely isolated." They, reported heavy aghting in the outskirts. Official eources admitted the loss of two rail towns on the approaches to Tientsin. The • governmental situation' was no More encouraging. President Chiang Kai-Shek let. the day pass •without taking action on a proposed new Cabinet. .Last night Premier Bun Ito handed Chiang a list of ministers ready to "fight on until ice can secure an honorable peace." Sun spent nearly a month.form- Jag the Cabinet. But some doubt appeared today as to his success. ' The Legislative Yuan met today. About 650 of its 750 members did not show up. Many have already Subpoenaed After Arrival In U. S. fied Nanking,' which lies on • the South bank of the Yangtze, North of the river Communists lorces have driven Chiang's troops closer to the capital. The Beds have •tfiped out two Nationalist army groups and encircled three more. It Is doubtful if Chiang's generals have five army groups left north of .the Francis B.-Sayre° (left), former assistant secretary of state and now a United Nations delegate, and.hls^secretary,. Anna.Belle,Newcomb, (right), arrive at Hoboken, N. J,, on the liner NIeuw Amsterdam from Paris. They were subpoenaed to appear before the federal spy-hunting grand Jury in New'York City, shortly.after the ship docked. Sayre told reporters he-had asked Miss Newcomb not to discuss the Aiger Hiss case. Yangtze. Farther north the Communists hare cut Peiping and Tientsin off irom supplies. Observers have chalked them off as lost. Communists armies are moving down on these two cities from Man- ohuria with trained troops, well equipped from huge stores of military supplies Chiang's forces abandoned there. These supplies include much American equipment. Official government reports told cf "fierce" fighting last night around Peiping's southwest gate. They said it slackened today.- , Other government sources rold of the night of Nationalist troops-from two rail towns near Tientsin. Dutch Move (Continued from Page i) In the East Indies more than three centuries ago. Eer foots run deep. The Dutch public has made heavy investments in Indonesia through the generations. So The Netherlands maintains that she is under obligations not only to protect the investments of her public but to »afeguard the interests of all the 75,000,000 natives of the Indonesian archipelago. That brings us Op airainst the present crisis. There are in the. East Indies several governments, of which the republic is- fe one. The Dutch aim at creating ™ an interim federal government of all these stales pending- the development of the commonwealth.. All the governments excepting the republic agreed to this arrangement. The Dutch say the republic blew first hot and then cold on the proposition, owing to warring dements within the government. Finally last weekend the Dutch took military "police action" against, the republic. They claimed that the republican Eovernmeut had . embarked en the preliminaries of large icale hostilities in Java and Sumatra. Naturally this move by the Dutch has created something akin to consternation in United Nations circles. The XJ.N. Good Offices Committee has been trying to mediate the dispute between the Netherlands and the Indonesian republic, and a TLS. delegation spokesman in Paris snys the American government feels the Dutch have "broken faith" with the committee. ' However, the Dutoh are ro- tas; ahead'with their .program. All hiifh republican leaders are in custody. The Netherlands troops have been cracking down en subversive elements without rreat opposition. From- a technical standpoint I suppose one would call the operation * success thus Tar. But. the trouble Is that while it may eliminate some trouble, it cannot cure. The struggle of the Indonesian republic to have its own way will still go on, especially- since there are ftrong Communist elements In It. This fresh upheaval is before the Red Spy Probe (Continued from Page i) national understanding and the exchange of students among various nations, was founded "with-aid from the'Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Headed By Hiss The president of the Carnegie foundation, Alger Hiss—also a former State Department official,- was indicted- oa perjury charges recently on the ground that he lied when he denied before a Federal Grand Jury that he passed out government secrets to ex-Communist Courier Whittaker Chambers. Mundt said-Duggan, who was an adviser to former Secretary of State Cordell Hull, was named 'by Isaac Don Levine, 'editor' of the anti- Communist magazine Plain Talk in testimony on December 8. In a partial transcript of Levine's testimony,, released by Mundt, the witness said Chambers had told former Assistant • Secretary of State .Adolf, A: Berie, Jr., that Duggan was one' of six persons in the State Department who allegedly had fan- neled. .out' confidential Information at various times. Mundt, who revealed ,-the transcript a few hours after Duggan's death, said "the testimony should speak, for itself." The Congressional committee had planned to question Duggan, Mundt said, but had refrained from calling him because It believed the Federal Grand. Jury In New York-planned to call him in Its twin investigation of espionage. Mundt did not mention -the time of any possible grand jury appearance by Duggan. Duggan apparently was alone In the office of the Institute of International Education at 2 West 45th Street when he plunged to the side- walk'Just off 5th Avenue at 7 p. m. (EST), police said. No witness to his- fall could be found. No note was left, and'there was no sign of a struggle in the office, detectives •widow, Helen, -was Announce Plan (Continued from Page i) The Soriet army newspaper Taeg- liche Rundschau charged operators of "big village farms have been diverting all -their produce to black markets in western Berlin, which, is occupied by the TJhited States, Britain and-France.-' "It is high, time' the situation' Is cleaned- up and reliable relationships again restored In Stolpe," it said-. .The newspaper asserted the -villagers were oppressed by«western Berlin, authorities and forced .to vote in the Communist-boycotted election for a new government of greater Berlin Dtc. 5; Records show 98 per cent of the voters in, Stolpe voted. TacgUche E-undschau concluded that, with reincorporatlon' of Stolpe in the Soviet -zone, villages- would join the fight against '.'the Schumacher clique"—a reference to the German 'Socialist Party. 1 Stolpe's return was demanded by the Soviet military, command, In connection, with -the French demolition last week of two towers of the Russian-controlled Radio- Berlin near Tegel Air Field, Inside the French sector. - ; The French agreed, since Stolpe was given to them, by the Russians in October,- 1945, for the site, of an air base which was never built. Virtually all Stolpe's farmers stayed with their land, despite the offer of French, authorities to find ,hem refuge In Berlin. A 'few of their local officials left. Eire Becomes Independent Of Great Britain .DUBLIN ) — Eire became a free • and Independent republic to- dayi" : Ireland's centuries-long and often Yank Charges Sergeant Once Made Threats MARBURG. Germany—OP) — A handsome American soldier testified today the' late Sgt. John Ybarbo — - —-"--*• •» — ——-—-. w — - — t ±\j* AA1$1.» WUilVUi Hi J-JULUOV J(lC\\Jyi*t , - , , Lll f+- !• bloody struggle for freedom came to'back home about the pupils she has once threatened to shoot him aftei a peaceful end as President .Sean I in northern Ireland. . accusing .him of "sleeping with" Gum Goes To Ireland For Christmas Treats CARRICKFERGTJS, Northern Ireland—(XP)—This town's youngsters will enjoy their best Christmas ever this year—thanks to an American school'marm and her former pupils in Louisville, Ky. Teaching over here under an educational exchange program, Mrs. Mary Hedge Cox of the Barret Junior High School in Louisville T. O.Kelly signed Eire out of the British Commonwealth. O'Kelly approved a' bill of the Irish,- Parliament repealing the External-Relations Act which had empowered the British King to accredit Irish diplomats. The a'ct was'the last slender constitutional tie.between Eire and the British,.crown and commonwealth. -...The -repeal 'actually become effective .'on 'an - "independence day" which. Prime Minster John A. Costallo's-'government is' expected to proclaim early, in the Spring. The-.-delay will give the two nations.', time to work out a new alignment of economic and political relationships. The English conquest of Ireland began with' an invasion in 1169 and was-helped by a rift., among Irish chieftains. .But It ran into stiff resistance. The Irish fought for freedom in 1598, 1641, 1649 and 1690. Then the rebels-wen: underground for more than, 100 years. They rose again in 1803, 1848 and 1867. But-it was the bloody rebellion ofj Their response was quick. More than 60 Christmas packages for the Irish-youngsters have "arrived—baseballs, 'bats, ties, and candy. There .. was chewing gum, of Mundt Pledges ..-,- (Continued-.from Page i) .-The witness question has been a.-major' point in dispute between the- House group and the Justice Department, with each blaming the other for the way the Inquiry hns been handled. This friction wus eased, however, at a conference yesterday : between. Mundt and Assistant ' Attorney General Alex Campbell.. Mund: told newsmen they had reached "complete" agreement" on future witness priorities. He said that in deference'to Justice Department wishes, the committee will not question five of eight witnesses it had hoped to hear- before the year ends. Mrs. Ybarbo. ' . The sergeant's pretty 23-year-old wife, Wilma, is pleading 1 self-defense at her trial on charges of shooting Ybarbo fatally after a "wild argument. The witness, Cpl. Morris Burr of Gouverneur, N. Y., said Ybarbo's 1916 and the guerrilla war of 1910- heard\ at private sessions. The reported.. Duggan's Assignment: 1 (Continued from Page i) Nevertheless — Because of astonishing lack of liaison, said by ome to be bred by mutual jealousy, between the A.E.C. Etnd milits.vy hltftains, a platoon-sized group of well-trained -subversives probably could capture the commission head- 1921t- which finally broke British authority. The rebellion was planned, by the Citizen Army and the left wings, of the volunteer^ and Sinn Eeln, The 'actual fighting 1 , •which was chiefly street fighting in 'Dublin, lasted a week after It •broke out on Easter Sunday, 1916. Fifteen, rebels were executed. In. the guerrilla war "that followed, .-Britain, used the hated Black- and-Tans In an effort to hold her position. (Their name came from the .color of their uniforms). In 1918-Britain passed a military service btil which applied to Ireland It .was never 'enforced but it rekindled independence fervor. The Irish iought against British authority wherever it raised it head. The counter-terrorism and activities of the' Black-and-Tar.s greatly, helped the revolutionaries for they created a hatred of British rule where it did riot exist before and strengthened it,where it did. The' Sinn Feiners won the 191G election, and, meeting in Dublin as the Dai! (national assembly), passed a declaration, of Independence. Retiring Weatherman Calls New York Weather 'Lousy' NEW YORK — (fP) — Benjamin Parry, chief of New • York City's weather bureau, offered this comment yesterday after .45 years as a weatherman: . .. "New York City weather is lousy." Parry plans to retire at the end oi' the month. only one of these Mundt named was Miss Elizabeth Bentley, admittedly a former member of a Communist spying ring,- who has appeared previously before the committee. The. irritating secretion of stinging ants is formic acid. charge "was not true arid I told him so." Burr was one of three soldiers drinking with two frauleins in the Ybarbo home the night of the shooting. . • "I told Sgt. Ybarbo if.he believed that about me after all our years of friendship to go ahead and shoot me," the corporal related. "I handed him my gun. He loaded it, but finally he said he would shoot himself instead of me, so I took the'gun away from him." Burr supported - Mrs. Ybarbo's claim that .her .war'hero husband beat her "terribly" 'and often., He said he had seen him do it once arid'had seen bruises left by another beating. A German girl who admitted she Patient Starts 'Self Service' LOS ANGELES— (IP}— An Intruder broke into a doctor's office at night, removed a cast from an arm, re- bandaged it and left a $20 bill in payment. Dr. Nelson A. Young reported this self-service incident to police yesterday, saying nothing had been taken from his office but some fresh bandages. r: Young added he was $5 ahead, since his fee is only $:5 for a such service. Clark Files Oil Suits WASHINGTON — (ff) —' Attorney' General Clark today brought actions in the Supreme Court to obtain federal jurisdiction «-over the oil-rich tidelands'"off'the coasts of Texas and Louisiana. heard him 'call for' a gun so he could shoot her. '•I hid the gun," said the girl, who was the Ybarbos' housemaid at the time. Mrs. Ybarbo said yesterday the sergeant compelled her. to employ the girl and then beat her when she rejoiced at Anne Marie's jnis- carrlage. Trouble Aplenty Caused By,Driver Who'Took A Peek* ASHLAND, •Ky'.—W—Safety note: Don't peek into your glove compart-, ment while driving. . You might cause, a blackout—like John Kidwell of Huattogton, W. Va., did here Saturday night. : When Kidwell took that - look, police said, he-lost control. of his automobile: the car struck a utility pole; and here's, what happened: ' Electricity in hundreds-.of. •Ashland and Catlettsburg homes was ' off from 11 p. m. to 5:.-)5 a. m... . • Many Sautday night parties were blacked out.. ' . •..•,, Gas furnaces with electric controls went 'out and left, residents' shivering. ' . , "• • Main traffic .on Ashland's Win'-' Chester Avenue, was stalled'lor 45 minutes. . ' • ..'• . Trains were stopped because sputtering high tension wires' 1 were • across the tracks.' • ' " Kidwell and two companions jverc treated at a hospital lor minor In-, juries. At the time the accident occurred, . employes of the Kentucky and.West Virginia Power Company were as- The life expectancy of man. has doubled since the 18th Century from 30 years then TO above 60 today. sembled at, a hotel for their'annual Christmas party. A crew of. 25'had to leave to help restore service. In some types of gall-wasps there are no males. The other three, he said, will be had been pregnant by Ybarbo in 194G also backed up the- defendant's star,: The witness was Praulein Anne Marie Nolte, ft rather drab little figure in contrast", to the shapely frauleins who have paraded across the trial stage for a week. She said she saw the sergeant beating and choking his wife and quoted by Detective James Pritchard as saying her husband- underwent an operation on his back last April and apparently had recovered fully. Ives Hits Plan . (Continued from Page i) with Russia. Not every management is above •suspicion." Ives said he Is opposed to outright repeal of the Taft-Hartley Law and replacing- It with the old Wagner Act without any change In the original version, as President, Truman has pledged. .' • • In 'addition to the non-Communist section, it was learned that the Senate-House Committee -also voted to recommend these changes: • 1. Elimination of a provision requiring an election to authorize a uriion shop; Under a union, shop, a worker must join a union ,within 30 day's after he is hlrQd, The committee's report says the union shop has been authorized in* 98 p«r cent of elections held, 2. Exclusion Two Guests Die (Continued from Pugs i) looked out the door to see names spurting from an adjoining room. Clad only in shorts he raced .'through-the.hotel shouting "Fire!" quarters, and all its atomic,secrets,'and-then returned to his own room for-, clothing, only to find he was -an iiaroor-iype 01 asracs . ; . locked out. He obtained a passkey Fourth, currently we' -have at from the night clerk, Frank Fetters, with comparative ease, in event of a Pearl Harbor- of .a least five intelligence and counterintelligence units'in operation. They Include the Navy, Army, Air Force, Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Counter-intelligence Agency—not to mention, of course, various' Congressional investigating groups. 01 all these, the F.B.I,, being less brass-bound than the military and more experienced than the C.I.A., seems most efficient, at leas; at the moment. who had' turned in a fire alarm, and return • to his room for his j qlothes. .. . ." Mercury Below First firemen to reach the scene; found guests fleeing- the structure; wearing' any clothing they could grab. Remains of Sunday's 7.5-inch snowfall coated the streets' with slush and Ice. The temperature w;is below freezing. Firemen scrambling up ladders to the third floor to check whether all from the 'NLRB's jurisdiction of • "local, businesses whose operations only remotely affect interstate commerce." 3. Clarification of the right of the IKB to require unions, in the case of mass and coercive picketing, to reimburse workers who have been denied access to their jobs. U.N.- Security Council. Perhaps the ITJx. may find a solution—perhaps. Taft Seems (Continued.-from Page i) members of Congress who he .said failed to "keep abreast of, popular demand." . Unless Taft, reverses his field, he once more will -oppose any plan to give the President standbyprice controls. He may go along—but probably only part of the way— •with promised White House suggestions for broadening of Social Security coverage. The expression "pin money"- refers to the allowance men'gave their wives in the 16th Century for pins, which were a luxury. Marines Take (Continued from Page i) Cochran of the United States, was expected to take up the matter today. (Cochran cabled the -Security Council- yesterday, that the Dutch violated an 11-month old truce agreement in attacking the -republic.) Backed By Chamber With only Communists dissenting, •the lower house of the Dutch Parliament voted 88 to 8 last night to back the Indonesian policy of. Premier willem Drees. The Chamber thus defeated a Communist motion to "cease hostilities immediately." Drees charged ..yesterday • that republican troops were Infiltrating other "territories of the Island and preparing for a large scale action by Jan. 1. The Dutch told "the Security Council in Paris yesterday "no intervention on the part of international organizations or of friendly powers can be of further assistance." : ' . However, all the intelligence units « g*^**^ *"> ^ can boast some brilliant and ex-, perienced leaders 1 an-d operatives. Also; 1 they have evolved various in dividual so-called master plans which, while not yet fully integrated, still are compatible with one another, and quite capable of grooving in time of great emergency. Nevertheless—even they have not been able to devise a defense against the so-called "sleeper"—the one-shot spy or saboteur whose perfect background and exemplary conduct may leave him.free, under our existing laws, to strike when his superiors decide the' time, is right. Until he tips his hand by definite, and perhaps deadly, overt act, no action, civil, criminal or military, can be tafcen against him. If suspected, he may, of course, be shadowed but quite' often his one-blow-role in the subversive I wlth - MacArtl Lt _ scheme of things may keep him above suspicion. ... Finally, one of the most contro verslal Issues encountered in the entire investigation was the question of what should be done about the movement of unfriendly national^ short of actually adopting the police-state tactics so repugnant to most Americans.. Here, the contrast is spectacular. In Russia, for instance, air Americans are closely confined, regulated in travel, and prohibited from innumerable zones, lin America,-visit- ing'or semi-resident Russians literally can go almost anywhere—even including'the Pentagon Building but at least inside the Atomic Energy Commission headquarters. . ECA Work Stopped WASHINGTON — (/?).— Paul G. Hoffman said today the Economic Cooperation . Administration had suspended all reconstruction projects in China. It had allotted $70,000,000 for that.purpose. A .man, tentatively listed as Charles Mabe. 51, was pronounced dead at Hahnemann Hospital, of suffoclation and third degree burns. 'A woman, listed . at Graduate Hospital ns Mrs. Madeleine Drost, 73, was pronounced-dead of suffocation on arrival at the hospital. Two guests, Thomas Matthews, 54, and Charles J. Wols, 35, and a fireman, < Michael' Kozak, 31, were treated at hospitals for burns. Matthews fifed without time to put on his shoes. He was burned on both feet. Addresses of the dead and -injured were not available Immediately. Jap Warlords, (Continued from Page i) After the 13-mlnutc conference n. Walton H. Walker, commander of the Eighth- Army, who will supervise the hangings declined to discuss -them. Details of the execution were completed some time ago and all that remained was for MacAithur to set tne day. Receives .Court Decision MacArthur received a copy of the Supreme Court's decision .that it had no jurisdiction. This cleared the way for notifying- the prisoners. The Army will not announce the executions until they are over. Correspondents again requested permission to attend. But MacArthur has given no indication he might break the tight secrecy he planned for the hangings and disposal of the bodies. The public Information officer has promised to furnish'the press a complete written story as soon as the hangings are completed. Allied correspondents submitted a list of 70 questions they want answered In the story. 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