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Pagd 16 REDLANDS, CALIFORNIA JULY 3, 1963 Independence unfinished As we measure time by our indi\adual lives, the original Independence Day was a long time ago. Even as nations measure a lifetime, 187 years is a long span. Perhaps that is why it is so easy to think of Independence Day as merely commemorating an event that happened once and w-as over with, that is just another fact of histoi-y, just another date. We tend to forget that July 4, 1776, was more than one self-contained day in history. It was the watershed from which has streamed a great, ever- broadening river of freedom into our own time. We are \vrong if we think of July 4th as marking the day when freedom was brought forth by decree and handed to posterity. Independence, even after the end of the Revolutionary War, was not a completed event It was a continuuig process, an evolution, a growth. Freedom in America is still an unfinished business. This involves more than the fact that in the past 187 years millions of Americans have given their lives in defending their nation against external ene- inies. This is, perhaps, the easiest form of pati'iot- ism. In wai-, the enemy is obvious, and the coui-se of duty clear. More difficult is it sometimes to recognize other enemies of freedom — not necessarily pei-sons, but ideas, entrenched interests, prejudices hallowed by tradition. At one time, fi-eedom in America was for the "respectable" people, those who owned enough property to qualify for tlie right to vote. Throughout our history, too often freedom has been abridged or denied to certain classes and minority gi'oups because of ethnic background, religion, economic status, politial beliefs. Yet eventually these groups attained full acceptance into citizenship — not by riot or revaluation but by steady evolution within the framework of the Constitution. That is the pride and the glory of the United States — and the hope of those who are not yet as free as others. July 4,1963, is another marker buoy on the river of fiwdom. Beyond, in the future, where the current is pulling, can be seen a great vista that embraces the world. Homestead Act in reverse In 1862 Congress passed the fu^t Homestead Act, authorizing the sale of public lands in parcels of 160 acres each to settlers. This policy exerted a gi^eat influence on the development of the West for agi-iculture. In more recent times the Federal Government has had a similar policy of making small parcels of land available to the citizenry. These plots are, fre- quenty, the week-end place for a city dweller. "Jacki-abbit homesteads", they are often called. On the farside of the mountains, east, northeast and north of Redlands, the high desert is dotted with the crackerbox houses that are so commonly located on those plots. Suddenly, the desert wild lands have become so lu-ban that grazing is no longer compatible. The U. S. Bureau of Public Lands has issued an order that no more shall the herds seek spring feed among the Joshua trees. The week-end "homesteader" has now claimed the land for his own. Recipe for trouble Take a large bowl of potato salad, a dozen ham salads sandwiches, one cream pie and odds and ends of munchables found in the ice box. Place in a hamper. Place hamper in trunk of the car. Park car in hot sun at your destination. Let lunch simmer whDe you play for several hours. That's all — but that's enough to ruin your weekend. If staphylococci bacteria are present in any of the foods, you've set the table for a dandy case of food poisoning. The better bet, say medical authorities: Carry all perishables, CHILLED in advance, in refrigerated containers. Mix salad ingredients on the spot, using previously unopened salad dressing. Make sandwiches on the spot from meat taken from original containers, or cook meat on the spot No one wants to spoil the good eating that is so much a part of summer's fun. But it is necessary to add one vital ingredient to picnic plans: Mix with common sense. The Newsreel A great deal of progress can be attributed to the questions on the ballot which have been phrased so that the man who votes "no" really votes "yes." President Kennedy names a council to encourage the arts, but there is no indication of a plan to buy up and store surplus poetry. In Africa, a Dutch professor is ^ving toys to chimpanzees to see if they react the way human children do. Throw away the toy and play ^vith the box? With the son married and the daughter away at camp, many a couple is sitting in the old homestead trying to see which one will give up first on mowing the lawn. A real friend is one who remembers the names of your children. In his prestige battle wth the Chinese, it must be humiliating for Khrushchev to realize that years ago they built a much bigger wall than he's been able to put in Berlin. Congressman Sludgepump says that even his most venomous critics could never accuse him of a conflict of interest He has always been openly, unreservedly, unswervingly and single-heartedly interested in No. 1. With a Grain Of Salt By Frank and Bill Moore For many a long day Miss Grace Curtis has seen the summer grapefruit crops mature on the trees near her house on California street in the Mission district. She knows how big a grapefruit ought to be. That's why she was startled yesterday morning when a pruning crew went to work on the tree she usually saves for household use. With foliage removed there was suddenly revealed the grand daddy of all summer grapefruit. It looked more like a balloon than a cili-us fruit. So she took it into the house and weighed it . . . over two pounds. Then she measured it ... 18 inches in diameter. But still — what about the flesh? Would it really be good to eat, or granulated? She couldn't wait. Taking a knife she cut it into halves and tasted the flesh. Delicious! Now, if she only knew how to grow a whole orchard full of them, think what price a carload would bring in Texas, the slate where they like everything big. A lady who thinks that Old Glory should wave in the breeze throughout town on Independence Day gave us a call. Flags, she said, aren't easy to buy in Redlands. Oh you can get the little "Dime Store" variety easily enough, she said. And she did find a larger one — but not of the materials and dimensions she preferred. She didn't blame it on the merchants. They respond to what the buyers want. They'd carry buggy whips in four styles and three colors if the patrons would step up and buy them at a fair price. We may be wrong but the display of the flag, v.e believe, is something that has to be promoted in a town. Some organization has to make a project of buying flags in wholesale lots and then deliver them, house by house, to those who phone or mail in orders. With Fourth of July at hand we have been again reading the Declaration of Independence, and enjoying it as much as ever. After that elegant preamble, Jefferson really levelled on Old King George and fired with both barrels. Boy, was Jefferson mad: "He has refused ... He has forbidden ... He has called together ... He has erected ... He has kept among us . . . He has combined." Of all tlie "He has . . ." indictments, this one is our favorite: "He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public records for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures." Things have changed in some ways since 1776 and in others, they haven't. When the Declaration was drawn it was the legislators who were being "fatigued into compliance" with measures of the king. Now it is the citizen who is fatigued into compliance with the measures of the legislators . . . not because anybody planned it that way . . .but just because that's the way it works out. If you are a citizen, determined to follow the doings of your elected officials, and their appointed commissions, consider; The city Council has so much business to transact that it now convenes at 3 p.m., for planning matters, takes a supper break, and then returns to talk far into the evening. The Board of Supervisors convenes on Monday at 10 a.m. and wades into an agenda that stretches from here to eternity. The School board has been meeting every seven days for weeks. The high spending Municipal water district pow wows every couple of weeks beginning at 2 p.m., and plowing on and on. We won't go on through with the city planning commission, the city park commission, the city parking place commissioners, the county planning commission, and a dozen others. But the plain fact is that your home rule government is now so fatiguing that you had just better comply with it. Spry as Ever Washington Window Romney has instincf for warm, gracious poliHcol gesture I OUR COUNTRY'S *: BIRTHDAY By Lyle C. Wilson Gov. George Komney may not be much of a politician, as charged, but his instinct for the warm and gracious political gesture is about as good as John F. Kennedy's. That is very good, indeed. Romney demonstrated his political instinct last weekenti in fashionable Grosse Pointe, Mich. There he stepped off the sidelines in a surprise appearance at the head of an NAACP anti-segregation parade. It appears that Romney just took over. No previous arrangements. The governor simply stepped to the head of the parade and led off. No one who knows Romney well would ascribe that maneuver wholly to politics. Romney is a man of severe integrity. He is likely under any circumstances to be moved more by moral than other considerations. Nonetheless, Romney needs to make some character with American Negroes. For example: Just published is "Black Man in the White House" by E. Frederic Morrow (Coward-McCann, S5.95). Morrow was ^Vhite House administrative officer for special projects, 1955-61, during the Eisenhower administration. There Teletips TELEVISION TOP SHOW: - 9:00, Chan. 4. Mystery Theatre. "Rules of the Game". Dying man confesses to a murder for which another man was executed. Hugh O'Brian heads cast. 7:30 — Chan. 2. Harry Reasoner interviews congressmen on President's proposed tax cut. 8:30 — Chan. 13. 30-minute account of a tiger hunter. 9:00 — Chan. 13. Passport to Travel. Tour of the Virgin Islands at Carnival time. (Color). Redlands Yesterdays FIVE YEARS AGO Temperatures—Highest 91. lowest 55. Two street improvement projects on agenda for next year include widening, regrading and paving a part of San Mateo street and the widening of Fourth street north of Olive avenue. Dairyman Edward G. Van Grouw of Loma Linda suffers estimated loss of nearly $7,000 when 21 cows executed in freak accident. Principal Jack Binkley reports final elementary summer school enrollment of 93. The youngsters are attending capable learner and reading improvement classes at Lincoln school. TEN YEARS AGO Temperatures—Highest 93, lowest 57. Pioneer Isaac Ford honored at party commemorating his 25 years of service on the City Planning commission. Special Yucaipa civic committee reports it is makmg good progress on plans for incorporation of a section of the valley. Duane Bickle elected commander of American Legion Post 106, succeeding William H. Johnson Jr. FIFTEEN YEARS AGO Temperatures—Highest 87, low- 51. Residents asked to clean out all possible places where flies may breed to abate the nuisance they are creating. City Sanitation and Housing conunittee announces. Barney Leest to remain as manager of feed division of Redlands Oil company which has now been purchased by McAndrews Hatchery and Poultry supply company. Undefeated Redlands American Legion Junior basrf)all team clinches 25th district title with 6-2 win over San Bernardino. Paul Gerrard manages the club. TREASURE HOUSE Your unused furniture or appliances will find a ready market through Classified Ads. BERRY'S WORLD Log for July 4-S en page 15 today WEDNESDAY NIGHT 4:55— 7—American Newsstand 5:00— 2—Movie 5—Popeye's Pier 5 Club 7—Love That Bob! 9—Engineer Bill 11—Superman 13—Thaxton Hop 5:30— 7—Bat Masterson 11—Casper, Magoo 5:40— 4-Believe It or Not 5:45— 4—Curt Massey 5:50—13—News 6:00— 4, 7—News 5—Whirlybirds 9—Science Fiction Theater 11—Mickey Mouse Club 13—Ann Sothem 6:15— 4—Commentary (C) 6:30-2, 4—News 5—Peter Guun 9-Our Miss Brooks IJ-Cartoons (C) 6:43— 4, 11—News 7:00— 4—Bachelor Father 5—News 7—Danger Man 9—People Are Funny 11—Heckle and Jeckle 13—Bronco 7:30- 2—Tax Cut 4—Virginian 5—Thin Man 7—Wagon Train 9—Adventures in Paradise U—Phil Silvers 8:00— 5-Beat the Odds 11—Wanted Dead or Alive 13—Flying Doctor 8:30— 2—Dobie Gillis 5—Wrestling 7—Going My Way 9—Movie 11—Overland Trail 13—Story of a Student 9:00— 2—Beverly Hillbillies 4—Mystery Theater (O 13—Passport to Travel 9:30- 2—Dick Van Dyke 7—Our Man Higgins 11—Best of Groucho 13—Harbor Command 10:00— 2—Armstrong Circle Theater 4—Eleventh Hour 7—Naked City 11, 13-News 10:20- 9—News 10:30— 5—Mr. Lucky 9—Movie 11—Paul Coates 13—Country Music 11:00— 2, 4, 5, 7—News 11—Tom Duggan 13—Movie 11:15—4—Johnny Carson (C) 5—Steve Allen 11:30- 2—Movie 7—Movie THURSDAY DAYTIME 9:00— 2-^alendar 4—Say When 5—Romper Room 7—1 Married Joan 11—Broken Arrow 13-Yoga for Health 9:25— 4—News 9:30— 2—1 Love Lucy 4—Play Your Hunch 7—Movie 11—Jack LaLanne 13—Movie 10:00- 2—McCoys 4—Price is Right 5—Movie 9—Movie 11—Ben Hunter 10:30— 2—Pete and Gladys 4—Concentration 11:00— 2—Love of Life 4—First Impression 7—December Bride 11:25— 2—News 11:30— 2—Search for Tomorrow 4—Truth or Consequences 5—Movie 7—Seven Keys 9—Jlovie 11—Sheriff John 13—Play Bingo 11:55— 4—News 12:00— 2—Burns and Allen 4-People Will Talk 7—Tennessee Ernie 13— Assignment Underwater 12:25— 4—News 12:30— 2—As World Turns 4—Doctors 7—Father Knows Best II—Mar>-ann Maurer 13—To Be Announced 1:00— 2—Password 4—Loretta Young 7—General Hospital 11—Movie 13—Felix the Cat 1:30_ 2-Art Linkletter 4—You Don't Say 7-Girl Talk 13—Movie 1:45— 5—Movie 9—Film Feature 2:00- 2-To Tell the Truth 4—Match Game 7—Day In Court 9—Angel Talk 2:10— 9—Baseball Warmup 2:25— 2, 4, 7—News 9—Baseball 2:30- 2-Edge of Night 4—Room For Daddy 7—Jane Wyman 3:00— 2-Secret Storm 4—Bachelor Father 7—Queen For a Day 13-Felix the Cat 3:30— 2—Millionaire 4—Movie 7—Who Do You Trust 3:45—11—Passing Parade 4:00— 2—Mr. Adams and Eve 5—Bozo's Circus 7—American Bandstand 11—Chucko the Clown 4:3fr-2-Life of Riley 5—Walker Edmiston 7—Discovery '63 II—Circus Boy LIGHTER SIDE Hat-to-hat talk needed **Aren^i yott even go'mg to esk. me about the tripy* By DICK WEST United Press International WASHINGTON (UPD - One of the truly marvelous developments of our times has been the growing ability of the average laj-man to indulge in the practice of psychiatry. A person would be a fool to spend money for consultations with a professional psychiatrist when be can get essentially the same service entirely gratis from the editor of a fashion magazine. So if you are a man in the 45-50 age bracket, and if you don't like to wear a hat, stop worrying about it. It's not your fault. A Freudian explanation for your behavior was set forth in London this week by John Taylor, editor of a fashion and psychotherapeutic periodical called Tailor and Cutter. Taylor observed that when President Kennedy was travel ling about Great Britain, he held his hat in his hand. He concluded from this that the U.S. Chief Executive did not like to wear a hat. As it happens, he was right, although he might just as logically have assumed that the President was hoping someone would put something in the hat—like maybe the head of Gen. Charles de Gaulle. Anyway, Taylor advanced the theory that President Kennedy and other men of his age group instinctively reject head coverings because of a childhood influence upon their ids. As lads, he explained, they saw their fathers wearing hats. Thus hats became associated in their subconscious with middle age. And middle age is something they would like to avoid, if possible. What Taylor seemed to be saying is that bareheadness is a part of the familiar Oedipus complex, or father hostility. I can't tell you how reUeved I was when I read his hypothesis. I bad been under the illusion that I didn't like to wear hats because they made my hair sweat. I am grateful to Taylor for clearing that up and for putting the blame for my hatlessness where it properly belongs—on my father. I don't suppose my old man was is a passage that will interest Romney. Morrow is something less than objective in his discussion of the Negro and his problems, political and otherwise. But he knows his subject. His credentials are excellent. Morrow wrote that the Eisenhowers invited him and his wife to hear the Mormon Choir from Salt Lake City in a White House concert. "It was a deeply moving experience," Morrow noted in his diary, "and, despite my feeling about Mormons, I have to admit that they have one of the finest musical groups I have ever heard. Salt Lake City is a difficult city for Negro residents. It has deep-seated, relentless dis- crimuiation and, since the city is run, controlled and practically owned by Mormons, it is only natural that I have developed strong feelings about them." Morrow's book will be widely read by Negroes in the North and East. The Salt Lake City passage will do no good to Romney's political future. It could be offset, however, by maneuvers such as leading NAACP parades. Further, the governor is solidly on record on civil rights. THE DOCTOR SAYS Warning: Don-t endanger your vision during eclipse By Dr. Wayne G. Brandstadt Every time there is an eclipse, many persons who watch it live to regret it. After the eclipse on September 20, I960, despite advance warnings, 31 persons in Utah and 75 in Washington received retmal bums. Many others undoubtedly occurred but were not reported. Most of the victims were under 20 years of age. Another eclipse is due on July 20, 1963. The moon will pass between the earth and the sun along a path through Alaska, Canada, and Maine. Over this path, it will cause total darkness for a few minutes. In areas north and south of this pathway a partial eclipse may be seen. ITiere is no safe way to look directly into the eclipse. Smoked glass and old photographic negatives cut out some of the rays, but enough infra-red heat rays get through to cause serious bums. Since there are no pain fibers in the optic nerve, which ends at the retina, the burns cannot be felt. They leave retinal scars •which remain throughout life as incurable blind spots. The effect of the sun's rays passing through the lens of the eye and focusing on the retina can be demonstrated by focusing the same rays through a pocket lens on the back of your hand, which is well supplied with pain fibers. No one is to be blamed for wanting to see an eclipse. But it is hardly worth a retinal bum. For this reason, one of the following alternatives should be used: Watch it on television. Smce the eclipse may be shown several times on newscasts, you may be able to see it more than once. Another method is to punch a round hole \s - to U - inch in diameter in a sheet of cardboard. With your back to the sun, hold the card'ooard in such a position that the sun's rays pass through THE ALMANAC Today is Wednesday, July 3, the 184th day of 1963 with 181 to follow. The moon is approaching its full phase. The morning stars are Venus, Jupiter and Saturn. The evening star is Mars. On this day in history: In 1963, the tide of the Civil War was turned at Gettysburg, as Union forces crushed the charge of Confederate Gen. George Pickett. In 1890. Idaho became the 43rd state to enter the Union. In 1898, the U.S. Navy defeated the Spanish fleet in the harbor of Santiago, Cuba, in the Spanish- American War. In 1950, U.S. soldiers met the North Koreans in battle for the first time. A thought for the day—Greek philosopher Plato said: "Of all the animals, the boy is the most unmanageable." aware that he was disturbing my psyche when he wore a hat in my presence, but that does not e-xclude him from the responsibility for my present condition. Now that we all understand the origin of fedoraphobia—now that the subject has, so to speak, been dragged from the dark recesses 0? our subconscious into the fresh open air—it behooves us to do something about it. First We should call in our own sons and have a hat-to-hat talk with them, making sure they don't grow up with the same mental qufrk that our fathers inflicted upon us. Then we should write our congressmen demanding a government-financed research program to answer the following question: if hats don't cause middle age, what does? the hole and are projected onto a smooth, white surface. This is the prmciple of the camera, and the image projected will be upside dowu. In the case of a solar eclipse, this doesn't matter. The 'unportant th'mg: Don't be an "eye witness." Q—I have had recurring attacks of neuralgia under my left shoulder blade. My doctor says there is no cure. I am becoming discouraged. A—These severe pains can come and go without any regularity, so it is hard to tell when they will return. The treatment that is usually tried first is to inject alcohol into the nerve near the place where it joins the spinal cord. Some drugs, such as diphenyl- hydantion (obtainable only on a doctor's prescriptioni will shorten the attacks, but will not cure the disease. If nothing else works, it is sometimes necessary to cut the nert'e. This should be avoided except as a last resort. RECORD REVIEW Popular Records NEW YORK (UPI) - Four new recordings of martial music were put on the market recently in an effort to obtain funds for Washington's proposed National Cultural Center. The recordings were made by the four U.S. service bands with the cooperation of the Department of Defense, the American Federation of Musicians and the American Federation of Television and Radio Artists. All the royalties wiii go into the kitty to help construct this national musical center which was authorized by an Act of Congress. But even if these records did not have an idealistic function they would stand on their own merit. The service bands are the finest of their kind. They are "The United States Air Force Band and The Singing Sergeants" (RCA Victor LSP-26- 86), "The United States Navy Band and The Sea Chanters" (RCA Victor LSP-2688). "The United States Army Band and the United States Army Chorus" (RCA Victor LSP-2685) and "The United States Marine Band" (LSP-2687). All four may be purchased without fear of duplication of band numbers, except that each ends with "The Star Spangled Banner." Sound reproduction has been made in RCA Victor's Dynagroove technique which reduces distortion to a minimum. Platter Chatter — Remember Lombardo's recording of "Bonaparte's Retreat" several years ago? It and other monophonic disks made by Guy in pre-stereo days may be heard on "Lombardo With a Beat" in re-constituted Duophonic sound (Capitol DTIS- 43). And Herman fans will enjoy Shelley's latest, "New Sides'' (Verve V-15036), a highlight of which is his take-off on "The Doctor." One of the most unusual LP's of the year is for children as weil as adults. It's called "Fables of India Read by Zia Mohyeddin' (Caedmon TVI168). And one of the best foreign recordings of modern jazz is "Music A La Milanese", featuring Guilio Libano's orchestra (Bexford LPM50- 15). One Minute Puipit And he did not do many mighty works there, because of their unbelief. - Matthew 13:58. There is no unbelief; AVhoever plants a seed beneath the sod And waits to see it push away the clod. He trusts in God. —Elizabeth Case.