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Page 22 The Salina Journal — Sunday, November 22,1981 Crossword By Eugene Sheffer ACROSS 1 Intense beam 6 Marks up a point 12 Author Truman 13 Gorge or gulch 14 Polar feature 15 Tooth material 16 Editor's base 17 Started a eolf game 19 Conger 20 I^g part 22 Adage 24 White lie 27 "Woe is me!" 29 Heroic tale 32 Wedding flower 35 Make over 36 Glided 37 High school dan re 38 Solemn wonder 40 Fencing sword 42 Seal infant 44 June honorees 46 Nothing, in Madrid 50 — de corps 52 loathing 54 Widow 55 Great expanses 56 Pact 57 Hat type Avg. .solution DOWN 1 Doily stuff 2 Mimics 3 Hose 4 Greek letter 5 Saurians 6 Ontario tribe 7 Crew members 8 Actress Gardner 9 White paint substitute 10 Patella's . locale 11 Vend time: 22 mln. C'ATBJLIASCJEI QiU,E| Answer to yesterday's puzzle. 12E1- 18 Made possible 21 Crone 23 Beast of burden 24 In favor of 25 Wrath 26 Troublesome person 28 Carelessly done 30 Sticky stuff 31 Elec. unit 33 Women's org. 34 Poem 39 Decree 41 Penetrate 42 Sassy 43 Addict 45 Dist. 47 Semite 48 Refuse 49 Madison Avenue output 51 Inlet 53 Tennis term Kansas Immigrant Series - 3 Beersheba - a Kansas Jewish farm colony 56 38 S5 27 33 21 39 17 36 45 18 28 40 13 15 52 55 57 22 34 53 23 29 41 46 19 37 47 10 30 48 31 49 CRYPTOQUIP IUTOAZS IENWXALHZ ITUMTAO SKA WLIENWSA ITU MA MZHSXKAU Yesterday's Cryptoquip - LOVELY INDIAN WOMAN WOVE MANY VARICOIX3RED SCARVES. Today's Cryptoquip clue: E equals 0 The Cryptoquip is a simple substitution cipher in which each letter used stands for another. If you think that X equals 0, it will equal 0 throughout the puzzle. Single letters, short words, and words using an apostrophe can give you clues to locating vowels. Solution is accomplished by trial and error. ©1981 King Features Syndicate, Inc. Among the hundreds of thousands of Europeans who immigrated to America in the 1880s were Russian Jews fleeing economic, political, and religious repression. Most of the Jewish immigrants settled the crowded slums of Eastern cities. Some, however, found themselves on their way to the plains of Kansas, part of an effort to establish Jewish farming communities. Jewish settlers had begun coming to the New World in 1654. By the late nineteenth century they were well integrated into American society. Some established Jews viewed the Immigrants as a problem and an embarrassment. The newcomers did not fit in. They established separate neighborhoods and wore distinctive clothes. They were extremely orthodox in their religious practices and spoke Yiddish. And there were too many of them — the slums of New York and other large cities were already crowded with poor, Yiddish-spretking refugees. However, Jewish immigrants were welcome if they were willing to become farmers. To promote the establishment of Jewish agricultural communities, the Hebrew Union Agricultural Society was formed. One of its leaders was Rabbi Isaac Meyer Wise, the founder of the American reform Jewish movement and editor of the American Israelite, a weekly U.S. may step up war against coyotes WASHINGTON (UPI) - The federal government last year spent $7.5 million to help sheep and cattle ranchers kill predators like coyotes on private lands. If the Interior Department's Fish and Wildlife Service has its way, the war against coyotes will soon escalate with the introduction of a potent new poison called 1080. Robert A. Janzen, director of the Fish and Wildlife Service, told a group of western senators and congressmen Thursday he has asked the Environmental Protection Agency to register 1080 for use in sheep collars. Jantzen also said he was loosening a ban on denning, the practice of killing coyote pups in their dens with carbon monoxide or gunfire. The new predator control policy, which would also include research on legal limits for use of 1080 as predator bait, responds to a Sept. 22 request from Interior Secretary James Watt. Congratulates. Bob Lindblom, 715 South 5th WINNER OF THE BENNETT PONTIAC T-1000 In KSAL'S "Key To Wheels"! Rick Mach, Jeff Bennett, Tom Mulligan, Bob Lindblom, Ralph Bennett, Jim Packard KSAL "Key To Wheels" Sponsors Bennett Pontiac Beverly Wholesale Meats Boeter Lumber Co. Bud's Tire Store, Clay Center The Cozy Inn The Cupboard Design* by Cunningham Edglngton's Music Elmore Sundries & Gifts First National Bank of Hope Flowers by Oscar Frontier Tire & Auto The Glass Shop Grease Monkey Hough Piano e\ Organ Key Rexall Drug Stores Kline's Department Store Larson Building Center Lela's Crafts A Gifts Long's Nelson's Superstore Nestler & Sons Salina Engine Supply Salina Implement Co. Sunflower Carpets Swenson's Appliance Walldeslgns Waters True Value Hardware Webb Johnson Electric Weeks Wilson Jewelers The Winery newspaper published In Cincinnati, Ohio. "There is but one class of immigrants of which there never comes too many to this country, and that is the class of agriculturalists because the area of arable lands is very large on this continent," Wise wrote. "There are already too many people in commerce. ... Immigrants should not come to this country unless they are ready to enter at once upon agricultural pursuits." In the summer of 1882 almost every issue of the American Israelite carried descriptions of a colony to be established in southwestern Kansas. It was to be called Beersheba. Other attempts Beersheba was the first and the most successful of eight attempts to establish Jewish agricultural colonies in Kansas. The others were also located in western Kansas — in Ford, Barber, and Comanche counties. Flans were made to locate the Beersheba colony on Pawnee Creek about 22 miles northeast of Cimarron near present-day Kalvesta. On July 24, 1882, 24 Russian Jewish families, a total of 60 people, departed from Cincinnati for their homestead land in Kansas. They arrived in Kansas City the next night, and the event was recorded by a local rabbi in his diary: "By the liberality of our people, baskets have been filed and put on the depot for the Refugees At 9:30 P.M. the refugees arrived, men, women and children." However the rabbi later noted that the colonists did not immediately continue their trip westward: "We now learn that the land they had in view was situated near Dodge City, a sandy barren district which is not a fitting place for farming. "The Committee for that reason has resolved to leave the poor here until further investigation can be instituted." Charles K. Davis, a native of Cincinnati who was traveling with the immi- grants, described the week-long stay in Kansas City as a difficult time for the group: "Our expense it Kaniai City was enormous. Every hotel keeper seemed to want all the money we had and overcharged us in every Instance...." Investigators reported that the land was, after all, acceptable. The party proceeded by train to Cimarron and then by wagon to Beersheba. When Davis arrived at Beersheba on August 11, the temperature was 110 degrees. Despite the heat, he was impressed with the country. In his diary he records that his Sabbath dinner that night consisted of coffee, antelope steak, onions and bread. "Although the dust and grass was flying all over what we ate, I never en- Joyed a meal so much in my life." To begin farming the settlers needed livestock and implements. The Emigrant Aid Committee of Cincinnati supplied almost everything they needed: steers, cows, sheep, and poultry, as well as horses and agricultural equipment. The colonists were expected to pay later for all they had received. The settler* made rapid progress In their first few months. By October they had sunk wells and every family had a sod house on 160 acres. Leo Wise, son of the Jewish leader in Cincinnati, wrote: "None can dispute their dwelling. None can dispute their possession, none dare move or disturb them...." But by 1886 nothing remained of the Beersheba colony. * * * The Kansas Immigrant Series was produced by the University of Kansas Division of Continuing Education and KANU radio with support from the Kansas Committee for the Humanities, National Public Radio, and the National Endowment for the Humanities. To obtain program cassettes or a bound copy of the articles in the series, write: Immigrants, Independent Study, Continuing Education Building, University of Kansas, Lawrence, 66045. THE FAMILY CIRCUS® By Bil Keane II- Copyright 1981 Th* R» B ,U«f and Tribune Sj-nd.cott, Int "He's totaling aluminum cans." HOUSEOFFHBRn J.P. STEVENS HO WASHABLE WOOL a 40% 0 SAVINGS Now is the time to save on this great wool blend that stands-up to the washer! Available in prints and solids. • 50% wool/50% polyester • 54" wide • Machine washable • Save 3.83 yard G66 VlYARD Buttarick 383S FAMOUS MILLS FASHION PRINTS Exquisite prints for high fashion dressing. 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