Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland on December 20, 1948 · Page 1
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Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 1

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Monday, December 20, 1948
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The Weather fair, milder tonight. Cloudy and warmer tomorrow. . city-'weather—{Temperatures — High, 33; low, .26; noon, 31. Snowja.ll —5.S inches. River — 6.51 jeet. FINAL VOL. LXXEX.—NO. 350 Associated Press Service— AP. Wircphato CUMBERLAND, MARYLAND, MONDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1948 International Ntws , . 20 Pages • •< 5 CENTS. Skating Star Soars To A New High Ballistics Exp For Quiz By Spy ProberJ ^^^^^^ . _^—k_* ... • . ..*•",• Barbara Ann. Scott, Canadals • Olympic figure skating star, soars high off ice in the Boxy Theater,. New York City, as she rehearses for her professional debut'which takes place'tomorrow. Bloody War Again Faces Indonesians Reign Of Terror In Far East 'Likely As- Dutch Forces Battle . Natives.- Accuse Reds By DeWIIT MACKENZIE AP Foreign' Affairs Analyst; As the cards lie we are . likely to see .another, session of bloody K-arfare in Indonesia. The armies of the Indonesian republic' and the 'Netherlands, government are girded for a showdown. Indeed the Dutch, declaring th»t the- republic Jiad. embarked . •n the .preliminaries of . large . hostilities, already have "police action" to "re. blteMB-'chirge-^he -Dutch;;* with yelnjf~tHe:»Jr(rressors. ™ So .the. light is. on. Dutch.' troops eapture'd:. Jogjakarta,' the (republic's •apital, and took into custody Premier Moha'me'd '."Hatta,- .^President Boekarno and other republican lead- «rs. • ••."'••'' „ . . ;• - Quick: intervention by the .United nations might, avert this- new horror,' tut.' there, is nothing else in " light "to turn, the trick... " •..' If civil »trife sweeps Java ' »nd. Sumatra it will produce a retfn of terror, as past experience has shown. Primitive ele- meiiu among the native population ret out of hand and there sre atrocities too horrible to record here, . The trouble between the • Republic of Indonesia and the Dutch government (to try to put it on^thumb- Red Attackers Make Gains On Nanking Front Fighting Heavy On Tientsin, Metropolis Of Northern China ::r±:::-"By. TOM LAMBERT tNANKING—^)—Heavy lighting was reported today 'on the flatlands around Tientsin, teeming metropolis of -North- China... :T,y-. • Premier Sun For announced the formation; of;a;}ie-w-Cabinefpledgec to fight .'on until ah'iidn'oraWe peace could .be •' obtained..-. •. Although he called it a "no surrender" Cabinet he .-did not; rule -out the' possibility of .a compromise with .the -Communists. .' Rail line Severed Red forces severed rail and tcle- jraph .- communications b e t w-e e n Tientsin and its .port city of Tangku 27 miles down the Hal river, pro- jovernment newspapers said. nail) is this: . The republic demands - absolute Independence, shorn of any sort of.bond with,the.Netherlands. Holland is trying ot turn its-empire .into * commonwealth in which the members' would acknowledge the crown »s the tie. This commonwealth •would be similar to the British structure. " . The Indonesian- situation is complicated by the fact that there are six other native governments 'in the Dutch East- Indies besides that of-the republic. The latter claims to represent the rich islands of Java, Sumatra..and- Madoera. The- Netherlands" had • aimed 'at the , establishment :6f "an . interim federal • government comprising all seven native, states. This would be the 'forerunners. of -.the Dutch common-wealth. Premier. Hatta, of • the republic agreed to this arrangement but-he had strong opposition. Ba.Ua hasn't bfeen presiding over a unified government. .The Communists are a powerful'in- fluence •• thouch curiously they ' ure divided against themselves. There are two-groups—the .Trot- skyites, -which- support the. government, .and. the Stalinists which are in opposition. Negotiations between- the • Dutch «nd the 1 republic'alternated on the rocks and off until last week end (Continued on Page 2, Col., i) Pupil Declares Costumes In Gym Classes Dutch Troops Roll Ahead In Java, Sumatra .Republican Capital Taken And Officials ^Placed Under Guard ' PARIS— (/?)— The United Nations Security Council met in emergency session today on Cie. ontbrcak of fiRhting in Indonesia but adjourned until Wednesday in the absence of the Russian and Ukranian delc- ,gutes. N • ' U. S. Delegate Philip C. Jcs- sup had asked the emergency session be called for today following an air, land and sea attack by Dutch troops against the Indonesian republic. Australia associated herself with the request. " During the one-hour meeting today he argued asainsf delay. 'jcssup said the United States feels "very .(rrave concern" **• events in Indonesia. By KENNETH LIKES BATAVIA, Java—(/P)—Dutch forces, clamping a nutcracker operation on the fledgling Indonesian republic, raced unchecked through central Java today after taking the capital. Tjepoe, Republic's only oil center, seemed about to fall. Dutch paratroopers and airborne troops seized the capital, Jogja- karta, in lightning moves yesterday. They interned the top leadr ers'of the republic, including the president, the premier and the republican army commander. Netherlands marines who landed on the -north coast of East Java early yesterday have reached the outskirts' of Tjepoe, war- wrecked oil center inside republican territory. Other forces occupied Toeran, 15 miles southeast of Ma- Brooklyn Woman Trudges Alojig Snoiv-Clogged Street • ' .-..—• ' — •' ~.».~-.-~~*« ...^....^-r..*.-::™^--.;:::!^^^ at 4. BrloklyT woman walks along Clinton Avenue this mom.ng. posing a line of snow-covered parked automobiles, immobilized along with other means of surface transportation by yesterday's heavy snowfall In tvul *' w ' . , ,. ^ ., _ .___!. 4.-U,, „«!.. ~n.-r.nMfl ,-AaHurov for hpr fn r House Group Asks To Call Otherf Probers Racing Against Time To Complete Task This Month W A S HIN G T 0 N — (INS) — A House Un-l American Activities Committee source said today."" that testimony of a mysterious key witness could:.:: "clinch" the sensational Communist'spy, case. ;_..";: -The witness has not been officially identified.,::. Sources said he is George Hewitt Negro ex-"Communist, who agreed to appear before the com-. mittee when he was promised FBI protection be-. ;. .: cause of feared Communist reprisals against his life:;;;,:: WASHINGTON—-W-^—Racing against time,. Congres-^ siona] spy investigators hope to find out today .w.hetheivthe: Justice Department will/give therh a chance'to- quiz "eight' key witnesses before the year ends. - "•' •'•" . .•--•' The House Un-American Activities. Committee wants .to add testimony of these witnesses to. its espionage inquiry' the New York area. The middle of the street was the only passable n station. lang. Sumatra Town Taken . On Sumatra—the republic Js made up'of-parts of Java.-and'^Sumatra —Dutch troops took Solok. This is in the middle of the island. .Other troops occupied- Singakarafc'. 15 miles to the north,. on- the route from Dutch-held territory to .the most important republican city- of Sumatra, Buktttinggi. . The Dutch announced their forces smashed through truce lines at a number of points on Java and through Su,n? New York Digs t_/ Out From Huge Snow Blanket , Third Heaviest Fall In History Of City Slows Trains,. Buses rmersed fury '' ' ancient Peiping, -90 miles northwest 10 miles of Tientsin, isolated. The Tientsin from town, was under artillery fire/ '_ Ships, the newspapers said, were not permitted to leave Tangku, although the town itself- still.was-in national hands. At least two'divisions of national troops were said-to be trying to retake'Feiping's south airport, .which the .Communists had wrested from government forces. . . ^Battle Seen Shaping Spencer Moose, Associated <Press correspondent in Peiping, said a battle for the southern suburbs .was shaping. He added,.however, that Peiping's future probably would be determined around the conference table rather than' on the' battlefield. Coolies worked inside tlie.old walled city to open Peiping's-only-air- field available to the'Nationalists. Canton newspapers," 'far' 1 to the south,.reported-Red' guerrillas in a .(Continued on Page 2, Col, i) Police Head Posts Bond In Slaying ' EVAETS, Ky.—W)—Police Chief Isachar Combs continued his law enforcement work in. this small mountain community 'today, free under $5,000 , bond on a murder charge,' -Combs, 28-year-old war veteran and - this coal mining town's fifth police chief in five • months, was charged with the killing Friday night' of Bryan Middleton. Middleton, 48-year-old restaurant dan, a major city oi-tn Ahead of Schedule Thus far it has been almost a bloodless occupation. The Netherlands forces, are well/ahead of their own time-table, following the quick seizure of Jogjakarta by airborne troops in the first hours of the fighting yesterday. s . Dutch casualty figures show they are meeting little Indonesian re- stance. Six Soldiers Killed Netherlands ajmy headquarters said so far six Dutch soldiers .have been killed and' eight wounded in both Java and Sumatra. Three Dutch were wounded in the Jog- jakarata seige, the report.said. ' (Continued on P age '2, Col- 2) Swift Reports, Lower Profits CHICAGO—yP>—Swift and Company, large meat packing and food processing .firm, today reported higher sales and lower earnings for 1948 as compared with 1947. Net earnings' for the fiscal year ended Oct. 30, 1948 totaled $27,889,210,' equal to $4:71 a share compared With S34,334;977, equal to S5.80 a share, in the previous fiscal These earnings were be.fore special provisions "for high cost additions to fixed assets," In the 1948 year these provision totaled S10,- 000,000 and in the 1947 year were S12.000.000. • Sales during 1948' totaled $2,-1 361,114,041 compared ' with $2,248,- Hiut On Safety Proves Too Late of -two"storms-had left'' New "York' City today to dig out 'of its third heaviest snowfall in history. One storm which moved up the Atlantic seaboard from the Carolina coast with mounting intensity had about reached its' peak In New York when, it was joined by another storm that had crept eastward from the Pacific coast, Moving- Out' To Sea. • The result was- a 19.5 inch covering which left soms commuter train and bus service tied up today as the combined storms moved out into the Atlantic. The record snowfall of 25.8 inches in New York fell last December 26, and 27. The previous record fall of 21 inches had stood since 1888. (Continued on- Page 2, Col. 2) Winter To Arrive Tuesday Evening WASHINGTON— {£•)— If you shudder at the thought of cold weather you can shiver a little more if you want to at 5:34 p.m., E(STJ, MUSKOGEE. Okla.—(#)—Joseph H. Smalley settled down in an easy chair at home to read an item In the paper about fire hazards around Chvistrr.as time. Thoughtfully, he reached over and pulled the plug- from the socket— the one hodked onto the Christmas tree lights. There was a flash, the Christmas tree -blazed-and the Interior, of the apartment suffered heavy damage before firemen put out the flames. On down .in the Item—which Smalley didn't quite finish—it said: "Rule No. 7—d'o not plug or unplug lights ber.eath the tree." • for her en route to the subway Central Agency [To Check Spies Given Support tomorrow. That instant. U.S. Naval Observatory said today, will be t:ie official arrival of. King Winter in the northern hemisphere. The" sun will cease its southward journey then and turn north again. Dec. 21 will be the shortest day of the year north of the "equator and the longest day south of the equator. But actually, the observatory said, there will be little difference in the length of days around that date. For example, in the latitude of Washington 'Dec. 20 will be only three seconds longer than Dec. 21. And Dec. 22 will be only one second longer, if you're Interested in such things. At any rate, Winter is almost here. ' . . • Doctor Facing Murder-Trial In Iowa Court - ST. LOUIS— (IP)— Dr. Robert C. Rutledge. who admitted slaying his wife's lover in a Cedar Rapids, la., hotel room, may leave City Hospital today. The 27-year-old doctor swallowed poison Friday ..porning as police cnme to his apartment to • arrest him for questioning in the slaying Of Byron'C. Hattman, 29, also Of St. Louis. Rutledge was reported in good condition yesterday. Linn County (la.) Attorney William Crissman said he would file formal charges of murder against the doctor in District Court at Cedar Rapids today. Forreslal Discloses Administration Move In Letter To Woman WASHINGTON. — .(JP) —.The laws against spying out also seeks to put the government's 20- odd intelliger.ee agencies under uni- fled control. • This was brought out today by two reports which disclosed: (A) That a drive has been -under way since last spring to coordinate varied home-front efforts to protect the nation ngaliist spies, saboteurs and other subversive activities. (B) A presidential commission for some months has been studying operations of the central intelliger.ee agency, which evaluates military and diplomatic reports from abroad. • The administration moves apparently pre-date the current dispute between the White' House ar.d the House un-American Activities Committee. President Truman repeatedly has labeled the committee's often-sensational spy, investigation a "red herring;" committee members" contend :hat they are bringing out into the open things government agents should have known and acted on long ago. . Coordination Desired Secretary of Defense Forrestal reported over.the weekend that last j March he launched the campaign :o report before the new Congress takes over on January 3. First, it wants to question tlie eight, or as many of tuenj as the Justice Department says .aren't needed in prosecuting indictments returned by a New York grand Jury. These indictments axe against (A) 12 Communist- party leaders., on grounds they conspired to overturn the U S. .government; and (B) 'Alger Hiss, former State Department official, on grounds he lied in saying he never turned government secrets over to Whittaker Chambers, former courier for a Communist spy ring. Mundt Issues Statement Acting Chairman Mundt (R-SD) got out a statementr-pn pink paper —last night saying the committee H'Jtledee still refused to waive; coordinate the home front Lntelli- crradition' to' Iowa on advice of I sence operations of the military ser- his attorney, Leo P. Laughren. Hj vices-tlie FBI, Secret Service, State released from the hospital he will •—-— be held in city jail .pending extra- 'cition arrangements, (Continued on Page 2, Col. 4 • Mayor Dies GAITHERSEURG, Md. — (/P) — William McBain, Mayor of Gaitli- ersburp for the- last 22 years, died yesterday after a long illness. He formerly, operated a bake and lunchroom, shop and was in the ice business. He came here from Scotland In 38S7. Funeral arrangements have not been completed. McBain is-survived by his widow and five children. 'Assignment: America CHILLICOTHE, O. *— (fP) — A 15-year-old • boy preacher and an older brother,'17,.who have skipped^ school because .they think gym costumes are "sinful," must turn- over a new leaf by -the New Year, the Juvenile Court warned today. The youthful preacher, who carries a Bible to his classes, is John DeMlnt, son of :Mrs. Ruth DeMint The older brother is Chester. John Is » freshman in Chillicothe High School. Chester is'a junior. Judge Kenneth T. Stevens ruled today John and" Chester must be in attendance in a "recognized school" Jan. 3, or action will be taken against them and their mother. John was cited for truancy Dec. 3, arid three days later he was taken before Judge. Stevens, who remanded him to the custody,of his mother with instructions that he be returned to school. . The mother explained to the judge that John had been abserit;because 'of 'TeUgious scruples," feeling that the scanty attire'worn by, boys and ' -girls in Eymnasi-um. classes was "sin- VuL". . . .-..'. operator, was indicted several weeks 766,634 m 1947. ago in connection- with'the slaying John Holmes, president, said, net of Police Chief E. J. Baumgardner' earnings per dollar of "sales amount- on Sept. 14. . Patrolman- Lewis Deaton, 32, the police chief's assistant, was shot during the exchange of gunfire 'and is recovering in a Harlan hospital. Deaton said the gun fight started when he and Combs tried to serve a'search warrant on Middleton. ed to 1 1-5 cents compared to 1 1-12 cents last year. On meat operations the earnings averaged less .than 1-4 cent .per pound." : Current assets as of'Oct. 30; 1948, were S322,774,965 and current liabilities S115.609.829.. This compared (Continued on Page 2, Col, 3 Santa Claus Is 88 Years Old, Second Grade PupikEstimate By JOE "\VLJG PORT WASHINGTON—(.'P)—Here, really and - truly, is what Santa Claus is like: He's 88 years old .and seven feet tall, lives with Mrs.. Claus at the North Pole, 'and visits 152, (or on the other har.d, it may be'a billion) children each. Christmas Eve with the help of his magic reindeer. '•' - This is a pretty good crossisection of opinions from second grade children at Main Street School. And if second grade children don't know what Santa is like, really and .truly, who does? - . The- • youngsters were answering a questionnaire on "What 1 do you know about Santa Claus?" submitted by their teachers «.t the request of the principal, Miss Charlotte Merrl- man. While' the answer above is typical, there was nothing cut and dried about the returns. On the subject of who Santa is, the children dictated ' these comments among others:' "A' holly old man — he real right.'' . "Mother and daddy give D. S. Put. OH.) Capital Woefully Unprotected, Writer Reveals In Story Series By KENNE1U L. DIXOS Department and numerous other agencies. . He said that Attorney General Clark had suggested in 'February (Continued on Page 2,' Col. 3 Scientists' acedByRays NEWTON, Mass. — (/P) —Deadly radiation from atom-smashing cyclotrons has nearly blinded several American scientists, according to Dr. Shields Warren, head of the Atomic Energy Commission's Medical Department. He said yesterday that "about five" scientists, whom he did not name, have apparently developed cataracts of the eye as a result of the effects of radiation on the lens. However, he stressed, ."there is no evidence at the present time that they were, working on the immediate problems of atomic energy." For safety's sake, Dr. Warren de-: c!ared, the commission is checking to determine if any of-the scientists had been engaged in work other university or similar projects WASHINGTON^— CINS)— This is: conditions before they have the introduction to a series of gressed- from the dangerous stage , wnich m j g ht jnvolye proximity to a-tlcles which will shock s o m e | into tlie deadly stage will depena people" frighten others..and anger | upon the instigation of the rank- still others land file of,Americans. It concerns the security of tlicj During the course of gathering capital o* the United States dur-|the material and preparing it for icg this time of Increasingly tense! this.series, the writer has made the •cold war. As such, it unquestion-' ' ' " J! -~ ably is unnecessary to point ouc that it therefore also concerns the security of the entire nation, .and, probably not-new discovery that working under the self-imposed censorship of a "cold war" can be even more cumbersome than ' atomjc it.it quiz: Donald Hiss,'brother",.of Alger; Mrs. Alger Hiss; Miss Elizabeth T. Bentley, who admits she was a messenger for a pre-war Red network in' Washington; Chambers; Henry Julie n Wadlelgh; William Ward Pieman: Franklin Victor Reno;'and Hcdda Gompers. That was the first time the committee had mentioned the last two. All the others except Pigman, a former worker at the National Bureau of- Standards, have- appeared previously before the committee. Mundt told reporters that Reno might be able to throw some light on "the Aberdeen Proving "Ground situation." Claim. Secret Stolen That was a reference to statements of committee members thai around 1938 the Russians evidently got information on the super-secret Norden bombsight out of -a civilian at the army's testing station at Aberdeen, Md. Mundt said Hedda Gompers can "throwa lot of light" on Communist (Continued on Page 2, Col. 4 Fliers Resume Rescue Effort ST. JOHN'S, Ffld.—OT—Officials directing rescue operations said last night they may use a ski-equipped transport plane to try to pick up 10 or more U. S. airmen stranded or. Greenland's ice cap. Seven of the stranded men have been marooned- since Dec. 9 when their C-47 made a forced landing. Two others tried to rescue them in a B-17 but it nosed into a snow bank. Another one or two men were stranded in the failure of a glider "snatch" operation Saturday. The glider's tow line parted after a C-54 had picked up the glider with all nbo.ird'. The glider' got back to the ice safely. Thau was the third rescue attempt with a glider. First attempts failed because the glider's wheels had broken through the snow crust. The wheels were removed for the third try. The men are said, to have plenty of food, clothing and heating: equipment to combat the 40-below-zero cold.- Rescue officials said 'if less dangerous methods' fail .to accomplish .the rescue'of the airmen they would send in the ski-equipped plane. Galls Sayre For Espionage Quiz Former Aide To Hull; ' Deiiies.Knowledge Of.".'".. Any Stolen Papers : " NEW YORK — (ff"i — Francis. B. Sayre,' former Assistant Secretary of State, has been' called to. appear. before, a spy-hunting -Federal" Grand'- Jury -here:'and ,.befpre,~tlie....House, „ Un-American,', Activities-.Committee in Washington. ;•::.--;'.-.vj;'" r *."r*''• ; 'Sayre. said yesterday-that-so Tar as he knew, 'no documents•'.were filched from' State Department liles under his. jurisdiction a decade ago, as charged in the current twin investigation of spying for Russia, . Trusted Hiss Sayre, 63-year-old career . diplomat, said he had had "implicit confidence" In 1 Alger Hiss,- his former departmental' chief aide, who has been indicted on two. counts.'.of perjury. ' • • . ;' Hiss was indicted-last week. by. «.. preceding grand jury.after denying before it that he gave secret State Department documents to Whittaker Chambers former Communist-courier. ' ' ''''.' A subpoena calling for SayreS.'ap- pearance before the grand jury^here today-was serveu on him yesterday ' Teachers Protest Yule Gift Ban Imposed By School Board to a large extent, the entire world, ating under the i>B —.., ...- T h Awnniatirm tnrtiv It is regretted by this writer that' military censorship which controls; "?"• rf before Christmas was it will anger some people—particu-1 active war correspondence rf 'in -.volt aeairst tile Board of larlv so since many of Siem will bei The discovery bred a belated and-m .evolt against the Board 01 " 3C1 " possible. alii Also, the dangerous security con- . case O f doubt, their job was to say | teachers from gifts from . -------- -— the j fault, at all. Rather the money, but there is a real Santa,"; such conditions is our so e , di tons ai-e not fundamental^ the:r!. -NO," which they did with great .students. The rule was acopted, - - , existence o:i consistency our job was .to shout a. board- member said, last Septem- fault, but! "Yes," which we did with table- 1 ber to save some children embarrass"A ; man—American." • ' ! the blame is almost certain to fall! pounding . "A man-a person very ordinary."! on them. • • I Yet ' the past several weeks of • However, there is no regret in the i self rimposed censorship, of deciding realization that the subsequent! what to leave in and what to cut "My father, but I. think there's a real one too. Some say there isn't." " "I.think he's Bing Crosby." •• Not-all the children, of course, . ..(Continued on Page 2, Col. 4 series unquestionably will shock and frighten many of the rest-of us.-In the fiii.1 analysis, correcting those out of the subsequent .series, have ment at their inability to give their teachers presents. •Asserting there was more involved in the protest than the "receiving of a. few handkerchiefs for Christ- convir.ced the-writer that had the mas." an association spokesman who (Continued on Page 2, Col. i) (declined to be identified sa|l letters of protest have been sent -to,'.the board -and to Dr. Philip A.- Jakob, superintendent of ,,schools. The spokesman -termed the rule an infringement of the rights of both the teachers and the children. .;.,".| The spokesman also charged tlie rule was a violation of a contract provision which stipulates that when there :s a change of policy in the school system, the views of the • teachers must be ascertained. Frederick F. Lovejoy, Jr.,' board chairman, declined comment except to say' "it seems to me this matter lias grown up all out of proportion." .. Dr.. J«kob said'he didn't' know if he had received the letter because he hadn't yet' opened his mail. as he arrived in Hoboken, N:7; on the Liner' Nieuw Amsterdam- from the recent United Nations Assembly meeting in Paris. Sayre attended the session as a United States"delegate. . , To Ask For Delay . ,",7,,,: Sayre said he was en rout* to. Washington and would- ask Department of Justice officials for -postponement of his appearance 1 before the grand jury investigating; espionage 1 and subversive activities.'''.,-'.' . • He -'said he would appear before the Congressional committee :at a hearing in Washington at-,' ! "p:;.in. Wednesday. The committee had-sent him' a radiogram at sea. requesting . his appearance. . • . - ...'.i— Reached on the high seas by radiotelephone, Sayre assured Depar.taten<; ' (Continued on Page 2, Coli.S) i" Slain. GFs Widow. Claims SheFifed- To Stop Assaults: MARBURG, Germany— <^"— Mrs. Wilma "Billie" Yba'rbo toId'a-'U/'S. Military Government .Court -today she shot her war hero husband; because lie .was beating her "up. .and had threatened; to kill -her. -;"' The pretty 23-year-old "footh'er from 'Maiden. Mass., -added that a' family quarrel involving -'sexual 'in- compatability" and' her. husband's attention to a German glrOed up to the fatal fight.. "He had told me be was .going, to kill me and had beaten «e. -up > terribly .before," the defendant declared. '' .-'•'. ""I just coiidn't go. through,-.that again," she said, "so I reached- -into the • wall , locker . and got . the,',gun where I had. put it after -taking It, away from him the other,..night, when he was going to kill 1 us -both." . : ' The Court today all, but ruledVout *a possible . death penalty for -Mrs. Ybarbo.' The Court held the'pfose- oution had failed to show any premeditation . in the shooting^otV.Sgt. John Ybarbo of Gpliad, Tex.- -- : At the same time the' Court, ruled an American' woman can be tried, 'for murder . under : German^law, ,wh:ch -authorizes beheading, for. murderers. . There was no possibility, however, that the penalty would b» applied in this case. • ' '. ;„..'•' Japs'Plea Denied i WASHINGTON—'(/P) — The. Supreme Court today refused to interfere with tht International -Military Tribunal which condemned -former Premier Tojo and six -other Japanese war lords to death. '. i',.:

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