Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California on July 2, 1963 · Page 2
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Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California · Page 2

Redlands, California
Issue Date:
Tuesday, July 2, 1963
Page 2
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2 - Tuesday, July 2, 1963 Redlands Daily Facts Trip a success Kennedy's invasion builds Allied unity By STEWART HENSLEY United Press International ROME, Italy (UPI)-President Kennedy's 10-day "invasion" of Western Europe appears to have increased AlUed unity—for the time being—and strengthened his hand for trjing to negotiate some tension - easing cold war settlement v.'ith Russia. His major accomplishmeot. in the view of top aides, was in quieting German fears that his new "strategy for peace" might lead to some sort of deal with Moscow at the expense of the Allies—particularly on Berlin. Another major gain-possibly temporary—was in stemming the drift in some NATO countries to-i ward French President Charles de Gaulle's "go-it-alone" policy for Western Europe. In any event, Kennedy flies home from Naples tonight convinced that his visits to Germany, England and Italy—with a sentimental sojourn in Ireland along the way—were well worth the effort and might some day be looked back on as a turning point in the struggle to reconcile East- West differences. Chief Address The key address of the trip was made last Wednesday at the Free University in West Berlin. It was addressed not only to Red-encircled Berliners but to all ner\'ous Allies suspicious of the permanence of America's commitment in Europe. He reaffirmed in ringing terms U.S. determination to defend Berlin and all otha: territory in free Europe, but ivarned this did not mean the Allies should automatically rebuff any Soviet peace overtures. The NATO shield against Red aggression is unyielding, he said, but "it is not enough to mark time ... in a situation fraught \vith challenge, in an era of rapid change ..." Opportunities For West He undoubtedly was thinking, among other things, of the opportunities for the West which may arise from the ever-widening Smo - Soviet split, underlined a short time later by the Kremlin's action in expelling three Chinese Communist diplomats. There is little doubt the Germans, always jittery lest Washington make some deal behind their backs, will need to be reassured again from time to time. But the impact his speech made was evidenced by the fact that West German Foreign Minister Gerhard Schroeder has been quoting from it liberally ever since. Young Democrat blasts Young GOP leader WASHINGTON' iVPl) - The national president of the Young Republicans has been taken over by "disciples of the John Birch Society and other extremist elements of the far right." Allan T. Hov.e. head of the Young Democrats and administrative assistant to Sen. Frank Moss. D-Utah, said election of Donald F. Lukens of Washington as head of the Young Republicans was "a great tragedy for young Republicans." Howe called Lukens "an avowed right-winger and Goldwater-for- president supporter." Pope receives Russ VATICAN CIT\- (UPI) - Pope j Paul VI received in audience Monday two Russian churchmen who attended his coronation. The Russians were Bishop Vladimir of Sbenigorod. the representative of the Russian Orthodox Church to the World Council of Churches; and Archpriest \'ita!y Borovy, professor of theology at the Leningrad Ecclesiastical Academy. Macmillan defends role in Philby case (Continued from Page I) Soviet agent before 1946 while working in the Foreign Office. The revelation came as a new blow to JIacmillan, whose government has been rocked by the se.x-and-security scandal involving resigned War Minister John Pro- fumo and call girl Christine Keeler. Macmillan, then foreign minister, defended Philby in 1955 against opposition accusations that he was the tipoff man in the Burgess-MacLean case. The pre-trial vice hearing of society osteopath Stephen Ward, who introduced Profumo to Christine, resumes Wednesday. It has shocked the country and has had repercussions throughout high society and governmental circles. The trial of Soviet spy John Vassal] already had produced questions about the efficiency of Brilish security ser\'ices. London newspapers today asked why it took 12 years to discover Philby's role in the Burgess-MacLean affair and why he was permitted to escape. Leaves Apartment Philby, who had been working in Beirut as a correspondent for the British newspapers Sunday Observer and Economist, left his Beirut apartment Jan. 23 to attend a part>'. He never arrived. His American wife reported him missing, but later asked police to call off the search when she received a telegram from Cairo signed in his name. Heath said Monday that Mrs. Philby has since received a letter indicating her husband is in a Soviet-bloc country. The letter has been thoroughly diecked by security officials, he said. The Foreign Office said Mrs. Philby currently is in England. In .Moscow, Burgess denied Philby was the "third man" in the case. Ho said he had not heard from Philby and had no idea where he was. Russ may be carrying out secret tests WASHINGTON (UPI) - A Republican member of the Senate- House Atomic Energy Committee belives the Russians may have been conducting small nuclear tests "partially underground." The possibility was suggested Monday by Rep. Craig Hosmer R-Calif., following the Atomic En ergy Commission's statement that it had "inconclusive" evidence that the Soviet Union might have conducted low-yield nuclear tests Hosmer, in suggesting that the Russian tests might have been carried out partially underground, indicated that such shots might confuse the West's test detection system. No "Rear (nfermatien" He said that there was no "real information about what the effects are" on distant detection systems of blasts set off haU -in and half-out of the earth. Hosmer said that "undoubtedly the seismic effects are different from those of a fully underground shot and the electromagnetic and sound effects are different from those of a completely atmospheric explosion." Electromagnetic radiations and sound waves from air bursts, plus radioactive debris spread around the world in the atmosphere, provide normally dependable clues to above ground tests. But Hosmer suggested that radioactive material from a partially underground small test might not be thrown high enough to diffuse quickly beyond the Soviet borders. "This is a significant environment for tests, and no concentrated study has been made of it," he said. Spectacular Developments Hosmer said the Russians conceivably could achieve "very spectacular developments" with such testing. He mentioned the all -fusion "clean" bomb which he said the Russians would find of great military value in an invasion, say, of Western Europe. Small clean nuclear weapons, lacking the radioactively "dirty" fission ingredient, would WTCak havoc on the battlfefield without poisoning the countryside generally and damaging cities outside the combat area. "I feel that in any instance where there is an opportunity to get a nuclear jump on us, the Soviets will do so," Hosmer said. He said he was' convinced the Russians had "engaged in tests we know nothing about." Laos conference seen as not needed WASHINGTON (UPI) - The State Department does not believe a new 14-nation conference on Laos is needed despite a British report Monday that talks with Russia on Laos have broken down. A State Department spokesman declared after the British announcement that the United States does not concede that the peacekeeping machinery on Loas has collapsed. Question mark for Russ COMEDY CONCERT — Musical wizard Harris Nelson, billed as "a funtastie one man show," will perform with his entire music-minded family in Sylvan Park on July Fourth. The novelty act is but one program lined up to entertain Redlanders during the Diamond Jubilee Old Fashioned Fourth. The Harris Nelson family is scheduled for a one hour show starting at 2 p.m. in the pork. The family includes papa and mama Nelson, son Mork ond daughter Jocquelyn. Pushes a little too hard KANSAS cm'. Mo. (UPD- When Sawnie Alexander asked a friend, Horace Watson, to give his stalled car a push Monday, the friend complied with his own automobile. The stalled vehicle struck a parked car and a tree, went through a fence under a clothesline filled with clean wash, and then into another fence, where a steel pole brought it to rest. You'll Find a Ready Market Thru Fast-Acting Facts (Hassifled Ads Bracero close down over f Aree year period urged WASHINGTON (UPI)-Congres. sional supporters of the controversial bracero program have urged that it be closed over three years. The proposal was advanced Monday by House members who also have introduced legislation calling for a one-year extension of this program of using Mexican laborers to harvest crops in the United States. It has been under attack for years by labor unions as depriving U.S. workers of employment, and in a recent surprise move the House refused to extend the existing law for two more years. Among those advocating the three-year phase out were Reps. E. C. Gathings, D—Ark., and Charles M. Teague, R—Calif. Similar legislation has been introduced in the Senate by Sen. J. WiUiam Fulbright, D-Ark. Teague, who also introduced a bill calling for a one-year extension of the bracero program, said the three-year plan would require a less "drastic and sudden adjustment." The new proposal would end the program Dec. 31, 1966. From 19M through 1966 the number of incoming Mexican farm workers would be limited to half the average number permitted in three previous fiscal years. However, it also would set a ma,ximum of 150,000 in 1964, 120,000 in 1965 and 90,000 in 1966. TREASURE HOUSE Your unused furniture or appliances will find a ready market through Classified Ads. Romania notably absent from rally LONDON (UPI) — Romania, odd man out at the weekend East Berlin Red summit meeting, left a haunting question mark over its solidarity with the Kremlin's front against Communist CSiina. Romania's strong-man, party chief Gheorghe Gheorgiu-Dej, was a notable absentee at the Bed rally at which Soviet Premier Ni kita Khrushchev ostensibly sought and received firm backing from the other satellite leaders for his ideological and political showdown with the Peking regime in Moscow starting Friday. He was the only satellite boss who stayed away from the summit. Nor did he send a personal ranking representative or com mit himself publicly to any specific policy line. The only public reaction was a telegram from Gheorgin-Dej to East German party boss Walter Ulbricht, congratulating him on his 70th birthday, the professed reason for the East Berlin Communist get-together. Picfu'* Clouded Differences between Romania and Russia and the rest of the European Red camp have clouded the relationship behind the Iron Curtain in recent months. New Sultan of Zanzibar takes office at 33 ZANZIBAR (UPI)-Seyyjd Jamshid Bin Abdulla was proclaimed Sultan of Zanzibar today by British resident Sir George Mooring. The new sultan, 33, was presented in the place throne room and later appeared on the balcony to wave to thousands as a shore battery fu-ed a 21-gun salute. The same crowd saw the body of his father the late Sultan Sey- yid Sur Abdulla Bin Khalifa, who died at the age of 53, taken from the palace to a nearby mosque. After a funeral service the body was carried to a private ceremony where the two younger sons of the dead sultan lowered him into a grave. U.S. fishing boat flounders in storm SAN DIEGO (UPI)—A commercial fishing boat that had floundered in heavy seas off the coast of Baja California, Mexico, during the night was reported out of danger today. The boat, the American Boy, was caught in a tropical storm about 100 miles off the coast and began shipping water when the pumps failed. A Coast Guard amphibian plane dropped a portable pump about the time the sea calmed, a Coast Guard spokesman said. The boat, carrying 13 crewmen, is owned by Joaquim Canas of San Diego. But in the light of Romania's demonstrative absence from the Red summit they appear to go deeper than has been realized so far outside the Iron Chirtain. Romania is experiencmg an economic boom, unique among the satellites. Aware of its rich economic resources, since Russia stopped milking it dry, Romania has embarked on a policy of all- out industrial development. The pursuit of this policy has brought Romania into conflict with its Communist allies who are enforcing a policy of economic coordination of planning within Comecon, the alignment of the Communist countries for closer economic cooperation. Pays Lip Service Complying with this policy would mean curbing Romania's industrial push and dropping various ambitious plans for developing the country's own industries, in favor of "socialist specialization." Romania has been paying lip service to this policy but has been dragging her feet in putting it into practice. Others, like Poland, Czechoslovakia and East Germany — all industrialized—want other members to confine themselves to less ambitious tasks and leave them to provide the industrial needs for the bloc. Russia backs this strategy. The Romanians have made three moves which, at least on the surface, appeared a direct provocation of Russia. Romania alone among the East Europeans sent back their ambassador to Albania, with whom Russia broke relations some 18 months ago. They also concluded a major trade agreement with Red China. Finally, they distributed Chinese presentations of the Sino-Soviet conflict within their top-level Communist ranks and even published the latest Peking outline of its ideological demands in the quarrel with Russia. Shotgun blasts fired at home of Negro ST. AUGUS'HNE. Fla. (UPD- A Negro leader said "three or four white men" fired several shotgun blasts at his home Monday night, slightly wounding two Negro youths. Dr. Robert B. Hayling, a dentist and a leader of the local branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, (NAACP). said the shotgun blasts damaged his small foreign convertible and screen doors on his home. Police would say only "we are investigating." Hayling identified the youths only by their last names. Singleton and Holt, and said they were NAACP youth counsel members. Flagler Hospital here said two Negro youths were treated for minor shotgun pellet wounds and released, but declined to give their names. 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