Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland on December 17, 1948 · Page 4
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Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 4

Cumberland, Maryland
Issue Date:
Friday, December 17, 1948
Page 4
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FOUR EVENING TIMES, CUMBERLAND, M.D.. FRIDAY, DECEMBER 17. T94& Phone 4600 For n WANT AD Taker Evening & Sunday Times The Thrill Thai Comes Once in a Lifetime By n. T. WEBSTER Tris Coffin Every Afternoon (except Sund»yi ana Sunday Moraine. Published by The Time: nnd ygcsanlnn Company, 7-a South Mechanic Street, CUPibenSind, Md. Entered at th» Postolflco at Cumberland. Md., us Second Clns.1 Matter. __ Member ot tho Audit Bureau ol Circulation Member ot the Associated Prcaa Telephone 4600 WeeUy inscription rate by Curriers: Ono week Eve. only, 30e; Evening Times per copy. 5c; Eve. i sun Tlintj, 40o per week: Sunday Times only, lOc per copy. Ma.ll subscription rites on application. T!)« EventoB Times and Sunday Tlmcj assume no limn,1.1 responsibility for typographical errors In mUcrUse- ments but will reprint that part ol an advertisement in •wMco' the typographical error occurs. Errors must be reported at once. _ Friday Afternoon, December 17, 1948 OUR COUNTRY : The union ol hearts, tho union ol hands ; and the Flag of our Union forever— Morris. • Keeping V. S. On Top THE PROPOSED merger of American Overseas Airlines with the trans-Atlantic division of Pan American Airways may raise a question in some minds. It may even bring accusations of monopoly. For three principal American lines on this route (Trans World Airline is the other) carry 75 per cent of the passenger traffic. And all three are operating at a profit. But even if there were only one American line Hying the North Atlantic there would still be competition. There arc four major foreign companies on the same run. And though they are dividing only a quarter of the business among them, it is quite possible that their percentage of profit is higher. PRICES AMONG these competitors are Jixed by international agreement. But the foreign lines are .owned and operated by their own governments. The American lines, on the other hand, are only partially subsidized. Our government guarantees a minimum payment for air mail, and that's the extent of it. Yet It reportedly costs an American line twice »s much as the British line and three times as much as the Dutch to operate a plane Rt the fixed tariff. So it can be seen that while they have most of the business, the American lines cannot afford to run many half-empty planes across the ocean. And lack of capacity business seems a big reason for the proposed AOA-PAA merger. IN A WAY, AMERICAN air and ship lines on the Atlantic, are in the same fix, although the airlines obviously have the best of it. The S. S. America is the only one of our ship that can compete for the "luxury-" trade with Britain's two Queens and other big passenger liners, and this competition is not very keen. American air equipment is on a par with its competitors', and it .is more numerous. Yet both types of carrier must face the problem of much higher labor costs and incomplete subsidy. Foreign airlines are buying the ' latest and best American equipment. Our lines must do the same, if they are to enjoy supremacy in at least one of the two means of trans-oceanic travel. And with new Boeing Stratocruisers at about $1,500,000 a throw, that is quite an item. If a merger of two lines can help maintain that supremacy through more efficient operation, and can reduce the government's subsidy expense in the process, the question of monopoly seems academic rather than realistic. Recovery Program «/ < —• THE EUROPEAN Recovery Program will face searching examination in Congress in connection with the requests for funds for the coming year. It is expected that Congress will take ample time for study of the reports of what has been done in the first year of the program. This is as it should be. It should not be' expected, however, that the Economic Co-Operation Administration will have a great, deal to report in the way of visible material results. A year is too short a time for much obvious accomplishment on a program of such ambitious proportions. Nevertheless there arc some nations, of which Denmark appears to be the most notable, which can point already to specific economic progress for which the Recovery Program gets credit. The program is probably as much political as economic, and there are signs of political results. There is some question whether the losses of the Communists in Italy can be attributed to the American program, but there is no doubt that it has helped to save the shaky Third Force in France. It has contributed to unrest in the fringe of Russian satellite states along the line of demarcation between East and West. It promises to be an effective instrument in the Ideological contest with Communism. It is also a humanitarian project. Not everything that is being accomplished with American dollars and goods in Europe can be set forth in a report to the appropriations committees of Congress. The intangible values are great. Modern Treatment A COMMITTEE of lawyers and doctors in New York state has proposed legislation to recognize alcoholism as a disease rather than a crime. They would have hospitals, clinics and farms to which chronic and compulsive drinkers could be certified. We hope that the suggestion is accepted, and that the idea spreads. . It is recognized that an evil can be coped with better at its source than, in Its consequences. It is also generally recognized today that alcoholism is a medical and psychiatric, rather than a legal, problem. Yet our society's treatment of alcoholics is little better than the old practice of clapping the insane into mad houses and exhibiting them for the public's amusement. Alcoholics Anonymous and psychiatrists can point to some notable successes with the problem drinker. We have never heard of any similar successes achieved by throwing the drinker in jail. It is time for our state and local governments to abandon such archaic measures •nd begin giving intelligent attention to the serious and persistent problem of ajcoholism. 50Y WHO SHOPPGD SHOPPED AMD eV-EMTUALLY FOUND Tne P^RF^CT CHRISTMAS Fofc HIS 12-ia- Thomas L. Stokes Big Money Men Control Much U. S. Policy WASHINGTON — Policy-making officials in government enjoy wide discretion and latitude and are very influential. It is proper, therefore, to inquire into their background,. experience and general viewpoint in analyzing and assessing policy, for those are factors in decisions. This seems appropriate in connection with the obvious casing off In our policy of breaking 1 up the great financial and industrial combinations and cartels in Germany and Japan that played such a part in their aggressive war. Policy in occupied Germany and Japan "is jointly determined by the State and National Defense Departments, though it is clear that the latter is more influential since the military is directly in charge in both countries. TAKING A LOOK then into the Department of National Defense we find that its head, Secretary James Forrestai, had devoted his career to investment banking until he came to the government in 1940 as Under Secretary of Navy. He was then president of Dillon, Read and Company, which he joined in ISIS. That company engaged in loans and investments in Germany for many years before the war. Directly in charge of occupation policy under Secretary Porrestai is Under Secretary William H. Draper, Jr., formerly vice president of Dillon, Read and Company and, before that, associated with National City Bank and Bankers Trust Company, so that his whole career has been in the Held of banking and international finance. Not only is Mr. Draper directly in charge of occupation policy for the Defense Department, he had much to do with its direction in Germany where he went in 194G as head of the Economics Division of the U. S. Group Council in the American Military Government. He remained there until his return some months ago to take up his present post. Associated in formula-Jon of policy as to cartels, both here In preliminary discussions and in Germany, were many men of similar background, as was pointed out in detail by this writer in n series of columns in May, 1946, when the German program was being shaped. NOW IT IS REVEALED that Mr. Draper had a more direct connection with German pre-war investments than was previously known generally. He was a director and stoekowner in the so-called German Credit and Investment Corporation, which was chartered in 194C in Maryland for investments in Germany and, It may be assumed from interlocking directorates, was an adjunct of Dillon, Read, and Company's larger and better-know;! United States and Foreign Securities Corporation organized in 3924. Mr. Draper's connection and interest were disclosed recently in the Justice Department's anti-trust suit against a group of investment bankers in New York when there was inserted in the record answers to a questionnaire of the Securities and Exchange Commission in 1937. One was: "Mr. William Henry Draper. Jr.. is a. director of and holder of about 12 per cent of the common stock of the above German Credit and Investment Corporation." THE PRESIDENT of The corporation was a German, Dr. Alexander Kreuter of Berlin, who also was a director, and one of Its vice presidents was Dr. F. G. Steiner of Paris. The company, which in 1940 had assets of about $4,000,000, of which $690,000 was in investments and cash in Germany, apparently W.TS not as successful us envisaged by the parent company. It disposed of its assets in 1941 and was liquidated in 19*3. Mr. Draper had retired from it, not being listed among directors jn 1943 just before liquidation. It would not be at all unnatural ior Mr. Draper not to be sympathetic with the anti-cartel program because of his background, and a lack of sympathy was indicated on at least one occasion when he critized the de-cartelization policy to a group of visiting American business executives while he was in Germany, for which he got a written reprimand from General Lucius D. Clay. It was after he returned here from Germany to become Under Secre• tarj" o' the Army that the dc-cartel- ization policy was modified by exempting all heavy industry. That aroused considerable protest. General Clay refused to initial a, memorandum effecting this change submitted to him by Mr. Draper's son-in-law, Phillips Hawkins, who was chief of a. new Property Division, though he announced that he approved it. One explanation of General Clay's refusal to Initial the memorandum was that it was a directive thai had come from Washington with which he was not in sympathy, according to dispatches at the time. (United Peiuu.-c Si-.ydiCHti-, Ir.c.i Peter Edson Santa Claus Should Avoid All OIT Employes WASHINGTON, (NEA)—Department of Commerce's Office of International Trade wants to Kill ;.-nta Claus. A notice put out by Associate Director George T. Bell to .ill OIT employes reads: "Employes of tho Office of International Trade arc prohibited from accepting gratuities of any kind, including Christmas gil'ts, from individuals or business concerns financially interested either directly or indirectly in international trade. If such gratuities arc received, they must be returned." The notice was printed in "Foreign Commerce Weekly." so Unit Santa Claus would read it, too. THE RECORD CAN now be set straight on that Virginia estate that Republican campaign manager Herbert Browne!! is supposed to have bought in anticipation of Dewey's election and four years' residence in Washington. Brownell leased the place, some six miles from the White House, only until Nov. 15, 1048. Brownell left Washington for New York on the Saturday before election and didn't come back till after his lease had expired. EX-PRESIDENT Herbert Hoover's Commission on Government Organ- isation thinks President Harry S. Tnunan's S75.000 a year salary should be raised, but there's a catch. The President now gets a.bout S2S.OOO net after taxes. It hns been estimated that it costs him about $24,000 a year out-of-pocket expense in running the White House. If the President's salary was raised '.o S100.000, he would still get only about $40,000 net under present tax laws. Also, whatever is done in the way of a pay raise will have to be done before the President's new term begins on Jan. 20, or he won't br. eligible to receive it. One way out of the dilemma is to transfer the President's expenses to some other account, so as to let him retain more o:' his present salary. NOTHING MAY COME of; it. but some consideration is being given to naming Vice President-elect AI- ben W. Barkley as chairman of National Security Resources Board. NSRB is the'M-Dny (mobilization) planning agency -created by Congress in 1947 to set up a skeleton organization for running the civilian economy in event of another war. Barkley has indicated he't particularly want the assignment. Should the appointment go through, it would give the vice president a real job as head of the top planning- agency of government. Another name being- mentioned for the NSRB job is John L. Collycr, president of Goodrich Rubber. He was a WPB and Rubber Ad' ministration official during the last war. and was a member of the Harriman Committee that surveyed Marshall Plan resources. Presidential Assistant John M. Steelman has been given the NSIIB History From The Times Files TEN TEAKS AGO (December 17, 1938) Winning the Tasker G. Lowndcs Boys' Declamation Contest for the third straight year, Allegany High School earned permanent possession of the banner. Deaths F. Enicst Erackctt, G3, The Dingle; Donald E. Twigg, infant son of Mr. and Mrs. Leo Twigg, West View Terrace: Mrs. Ellen Layman, 62, Shawnce Avenue; Thomas Cummings, 83, Kcyser. W. Va. William C. Walsh, first Allesany countiiin ever to serve as Attorney General of Maryland, sworn in at Baltimore. TWKXTY YEARS AGO (•December 17, 1928) Rev. Joseph P. Nolan, pastor of St. Michael's Catholic Church, Frostburg, observed his twenty- fifth year in Hie priesthood. J. L. McGlone, Garrett county, resigned nx county farm agent. Dciilhs Ethel P. Divelbiss. 19. Paw Paw, W, Va.; Benjamin Carson, formerly of Frostburg. at Los Angeles; Miss Stella Mae Bobo. 50, Parsons, W. Va. THIRTY YEARS AGO I December 17, 1018) City Health Ollicu announced report of new outbreak of influenza In Cumberland to be false. Rev. Father Adalbert WieijiJiir, O. F. M. Cap., died at SS. Peter nnd Paul Monastery. Deaths Mrs. Anna Garlitx, :12, Frostburg; William Sweeney, former resident of Frostb-.u-g, at Lrmg- dondale, ?n. FOKTY YKAK..S ACO ll)ei:i-.mlier 17, IMS! Centra! YMCA directors elected L. D. Rolirer president and C. L. BreU vice president. Deaths Henry Murphy. 80, nenr Westernport: John O. Kimmell, 05, veteran attorney of Bedford, Pa. Stale Ronxls engineers began surveying National Pike from Cumberland to Frostburg tor revamping' and rebuilding purposes. acting chairmanship temporarily, until a full-time successor is decided on. WHILE THE CHINESE government cf Chiang Kai-shek is asking for billions of U. S, dollars to support its war effort against the Communists, one riddle as yet unsolved is how 59 rich Chinese individuals and nine Chinese corporations were able to gamble over $82,000,000 on U. S. Commodity Exchanges. General statistics about Chinese speculation on U. S. cotton, corn, wheat.'oats, larJ -nd egg markets were revealed Ifist spring- by a House Committee under Congressman August H. Andrews of Minnesota. The committee was looking primarily for U. S. government em- ployes who might be playing the market on inside information tips. But it also uncovered 354 resident aliens and 299 nonresident aliens in the market for over 5645,000,000. Names of the individuals have been kept secret. But their records were turned over to Bureau of Internal Revenue to sec If there was any violation of tax laws. Among the Chinese traders wa.s one bank which speculated on 26,000 bales of cotton, 2,710,000 bushels of wheat, 2,515 bushels of corn and 300.000 bushels of oats. Biggest individual trader wa.s a Chinaman who dealt in 26,200 bales of cotton, 745.000 bushels of wheat. 400,000 bushels of corn, 680,000 bushels of oa:s. 1.800.000 pounds of lard and 20 cars of eggs. Meanwhile, the U. S. was giving boatloads of these commodities to China as relief. Cochran's Barbs Any time that a day seems to drag you can make up your mind that you haven't enough to do, The amount of paving going on indicates that now is the lime to sec America worst. "Do Your (jiirisimas Shopping Early" is what brings out the great mob of women whi- haven't tiic slightest idea yet what they want to buy. The average school kid figures his daily dozen exercises ure all errands. If every nose siuck into people's business were snipped of:', wouldn't -we be a' funny-looking race? Big Magazines Face Postage Hike In Plan To Cut Deficit WASHINGTON—The howis uf. a zoo in an uproar will be nothing compared to the screams from. American magazines If a plan to raise postage revenues comes to pass. Jesse Donaldson, the conscientious, up-from-the-ranks Postmaster General, is mulling over a plan' to wipe out the posul deficit by raising mailing rates for magazines. The mags enjoy second class mailing privileges, along with newspapers. In some of the Informal talks in the big stone Post Office Depart-' ment on Pennsylvania Avenue, Donaldson has been tossing around this thought: Newspapers provide a service to local communities. The magazines don't. Some ol the swanky magazines have become-to his way o£ thinking—little more than, a device for circulating advertising, at the taxpayers' expense. PRESIDENT TRUMAN shares tills view. A few days after the election, a. Democratic Congressman from the Midwest cropped in at the White House to offer congratulations. Mr. Truman chuckled and said, "I had more newspapers against me than Franklin Roosevelt, and I still won." The Congressman asked, "Why don't you get back at them -nd raise their postal rates?" Mr. Truman became dead serious and replied, "No, I don't want any revenge. I'm not built that way. It was enough to win." Donaldson, who is winning for himself the name of the most cnp- able PM In. history, is worried about the deficit. There isn't any way to cut down expenses, because DO per cent of the budget goes for personal service. No robot to replace the postman plodding over his beat rain or shine has been Invented. THE HELLER Associates, a fancy industrial engineering firm from Cleveland, has a, grand and glorious scheme for reorganizing the postal service. It will be turned over to the commission run by former President Hoover to shake the cobwebs and waste out of government. BM-, the Heller plan will be fought too* and Loenail on Capitol Hill. This program would rtcccntraJi'/.c the. postal system and abolis.i tlie Assistant Postmaster Gen err.!. Bouncy Senator Joe O'Mahoney, a. former First Assistant, PM. snaps that the regional scheme was given a whirl once before and all it doss is pile up a mountain of paper work. Another Heller plan—to by-pass the Senate on confirmation of O"n- masters—has about as much chance to get by Congress as for a pretty girl to go past the corner drugstore without attracting' a whistle. ONE OP THE MISSING due in the fast-moving Chambers - Hiss thriller is an ancient Woodstock typewriter. It was 0:1 this typewriter Lint documents slipped from State Department files were copied. It it can be found and traced back eleven years, the case will be all butDned up. Sumner Welles, the austere es- Under Secretary. or State, is the ••government official'' who said these missing documents may have led to the Stalin-Hitler pact. He told this to Congressmen behind closed doors, \ FEW DAYS AGO the House of Representatives restaurant was full of self-conscious Congressmen-elect. They had drifted into Washington. to get the lay of the land. Suddenly, a fast-talking young feller' with a beaming smile was moving among them. His right hand was extended in a Inendly, welcoming grip; the left held a crisp business caret. It rcacr. "victor Wickersham. Real Estate." He is the go-getting Oklahoma Congressman (with a profitable sideline of Washington real estate) who has taken over the task o* finding new homes for Congressmen. Wickersham considered for a while putting a "Real Estate" shingle on his Congressional office. He rejected the idea with the laconic comment. "The folks down home might not appreciate that." THE CONGRESSMAN tackled his extra - curricular assignment with good cheer and a flip word of wisdom for the freshmen. He says, "It's harder to find an apartment in Washington than :o elect a Republican President." That always brings a laugh and puts the prospect :n the proper mood. His extra-special idea is a, "Congressional colony" in Virginia- houses to rent for S250 a month or sell for S2.5W down and $17o a month payments. There are some discouraging moments in Wickersham's noble endeavors. The newcomers all want a roomy apartment just a pleasant walk away from Capitol Hill to rent for 5100 a month. Wickersham shakes his head sadly and remarks, "They're in for a rude awakening." Just to be sure that none of the freshmen would be unaware of this noble cause, the gentleman from Oklahoma has sent them all sir mail letters introducing himself. THIS MAY explain why Nick Be/., the fabulous West Const fishing- king, hns been hanging around •Washington being palsy-walsy with Democratic chieftains. His rather unusual contract with the Reconstruction Finance Corporation expires December 31. Nick, as the big wheel in the Pacific Exploration Corporation, used four trawlers and a motor boat owned by the RFC to explore and fish for tuna :n the Pacific. In • 1947, with the Republican-controlled 80th Congress breathing down its neck, the RFC reviewed the contract. Dp until then, Nick and the RFC shared the catch 50-50. But this year, the RFC paid Nick $9,000 and took all the catch. If no one interferes, the RFC will be very happy to get out of the fishing business, thank you. (Copj'ricnl. ll«°. by o:olic 'Syndicate! George Dixon The Washington Scene WASHINGTON—A young fellow •who is said to be showing some promise in the field of journalism had a rather interesting experience the other night. He met, for the first time, a gentleman he hns been biogrnphlng for years. This ambitious neophyte, who goes by the improbable name of Westbrook Pegler, has written reams about Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter. But, although he is rioted for his sweetness and amiability, young Pegler hns been somewhat critical of the distinguished jurist. In face, he has written things calculated to make any supreme court justice writhe hi his robes. Any bookmaker would have been prepared to lay stiff odds that the two never became buddies. This night, however, a galaxy was gathered In a suite at the Statler. Practically every distinguished politico you ever heard of was in the room, it being the aftermath of the Gridiron dinner. The above mentioned Pegler was exuding kindliness, as usual, when Justice Frankfurter entered. One illustrious guest suggested, kicdingly, that they be introduced. Another guest, a stranger to Washington, took it seriously. Tho next minute the diminutive justice was reaching up to shake hands with the startled and towering Pegler. Happily, it came of! very well. Justice Frankfurter beamed and said: "Ah. Mr. Pegler: You know more about me than I know myself." "Thank you," replied labor's sweetheart, graciously. "You aint read nothin' yet!' MOONSHINE activities arc on the increase, according to the Treasury's alcohol tax unit. In October 619 stills with a daily capacity of 2;.709 gallons of hooch were knocked off. This represents quite a jump from previous Octobers, especially those in the war and immediate post-war years. The Treasury explains that it's beca'.ise the moonshiners now can get plenty of sugar. The T-mcn report that they "seii!- ed" 1.074.U53 gallons of mash in the month. This m:icle me curious as to i-.ow one goos about seizing mash. So I culled up Robert Ford, chief of the enforcement division. "The word 'seized' is a misnomer in this case," he said, "it's pretty hard to seize mash. We put a charge of dynamite under the vats, retire a respectful distance of 200 yards o;- FQ —Mid bang it goes!" Mr. Ford said I could go ulons some time and see a still blown up. But, Jiot being a connoisseur o!" flying mash, I declined the invitation. life-span is manifested a period of optimum euphoria." English: "Haste makes waste." Federal prose: "Precipitation entails negation of economy." English: "The old gray mare came out of the wildness, forty-fifty years ago." Federal prose: "At a period subsequent to 1905 but prior to 1915 the subject marc, described as senile and in consequence grizzled, issued for motives unknown from a, region defined only as uninhabited." THE WHITE HOUSE news photographers Association doesn't have to worry about whether President Truman will attend its annual dinner March 39. The President has assured them lie is theirs to command. The photogs, unlike some other groups I could mention, took out double insurance. They went to the President early last summer and told him they would give him a dinner, win or lose. The Metropolitan police department now announces it will accept shorter policewomen for its feminine cop squard. It's a vicious cycle, when you get short of policewomen you get shorter policewomen. Is it true that Alger Hiss lias been ordered on a diet of baked pumpkin stuffed with red herring? tK'.r.g Features, Inc.) So They Say Northern women appeal to the nose of the male rather than to his stomach . . . Most southern women regard marriage as a career and use baking powder instead of face powder to get their man. —Mrs. Neile Brooke Stull. president. Widow and Widowers' Club. Henry McLciiiore'n The Lighter Side DAYTONA BEACH, Fla.—Home again. M'ter six months of travelling around the world we arc back at the old stand. We found everything just as we had left it, including the radio, which was still on. There was a light burning in the kitchen, too and the lawn sprinkler was going at the same merry clip it was when we forgot to turn it off in June. We haven't been home long enough reall> to KO all over the place, and I'm afraid to open the oven because that pot roast is probably too well done by now. The cocker spaniels are all rightr-or will be, as soon as they get themselves turned right s'de out from the greetings they gave us. I was afraid that they would have forgotten some of their cute ways while we were son?, but they hadn't. They still dip their feet in a secret mud puddle before jumping up on you, and continue to be the fine little interior decorator* they always have been. THE MOTHS AND MICE really had a. licW day for themselves while we were giving the once-over to the world. We have always had our own type 01 Southern mice In the .house, who squeak with a drawl and are partial to corn bread. But word that we were gone, and that our house was available for the summer, must have gotten all around, because since we got back we have been hearing mice gnaw and squeak with definite Midwestern, Texan, md New England accents. ' If any of you miss any of your mice don t hesitate to write me. Ill be glad to ship them to you, prepaid. AS FOR MOTHS, well, you never have seen .such fat moths as are living in our upstairs closets. Whatever clothes we left hanging there definitely agreed with them. They have thrived until they are about the size of sparrows. Most of our moths are big enough to stuff, and we are wondering as to which would be better oyster or chestnut dressing. One or two of the little, tiny hurricanes which Florida Is subject to in late September also visited the house while we were gone. In spite of the fact that we had carefully hidden the front door key under the mat, the storm came right on in, anyway, and we have a lovely deposit of salt,'silt, sand and seaweed all over the house. Another sight that gladdened our hearts when we go back to home sweet home was as fine a collection of bills as ever welcomed » returning traveller. .; . Last May we apparently went hog wild in • department, hardware 'and all' other kind* of stores. We must have had a feeling that we were never going to get back and be faced with these bills. BUT NEVER. LET it be said Isn't good to get home again. . "..' To be able to stand in one's own yard, waist ' deep in weeds,, and say, 'It is mine, all mine—to cut down and clean'up,' 1 is a- thrill indeed. To look at the hole in the roof and realize that it is yours, all'yours', does something to a fellow. I'll tell you what it does—it makes him wish there were two worlds and that'he still had another one to go around'. . ' ' (Distributed by McNuu'sM Syndleaie, Inc 1 .) Hal Boyle'$ AP Reporter's Notebook NEW YORK—Touch people on'.a-.sore point, and they holler. And sometimes I feel sorry for Dr. Gallup, Sir Galahad, Diogenes, and other well known seekers of the truth. • • These two observations result from a little adventure I made last week into the field of domestic science. I wrote a little essay on why housewives are always tired; My theme was that they wore themselves out lying down and getting up so many times during the day, trying to- sandwish in brief periods of rest between their household tasks. Well, as many ft fellow who met Joe Louis hns remarked afterward, "whut hapen?" The constant struggle to make our society more Christian by securing both freedom and justice for all people is the one effective long- range way of preventing communism. —Dr. Samuel McRea Cavert. general secretary. Federal Council of Churches. Employes should not be trentcd merely as pickets in a fuiice. They must be accepted as associates who have self-respect and self-confidence. Each should be given nn opportunity to advance if willing to pay the price In Intelligent hnrri work. —Harry A. Bullis. chairman, General Mills Corp. It'll soon bo Lhu '.inic of your when mother can't win. Either Junior will forget to wear his rubbers 01- he'll truck right through the houic with them on. HAVING SUFFERED for years form governmental gobbledygook, I have bueii getting ;ui enormous kid; out. of the volume I'Fecleral Prose" authored by James R. Mn.stur.soii and Wemlull Brool;s Phillips. This book gives samples of the unintelligible jargon employed in our fuc:er:il offices. Here ;ire a few. culled at random: English: "Time flies." Fedora: prose; "Time is fugitive. Fugaci'.y is characteristic of time." English: "Every dog has his clay." Federal prose: "In every canine We can't take a slipshod and easy-going- attitude toward education in thl.s country . . . Tt is the future of our country—yours and mine—which is at stake. —Henry Ford II. The United Nations would not exist one day without the veto. —Andrei vishinsky. Ri:ssi:>n delc- g:ik! ID -JiP HN. N'.ttioiiul health insurance lias been attacked as a Socialist experiment, if I have become n stsuncli advocate of (it), it Is because I have ux:i:nined carefully-all the alternatives and have yet to find :) system which will do the job more effectively. —Oscar R. Ewing. federal security administrator. A NUMBER, OF gentle ladies across the land jettisoned their Christmas spirit of good will—but pronto. They sat clown and wrote me indignant letters beginning: "Dear Stinker " Upon my lifebuoy! Where do gracious women learn to unleash such vocabularies of invective? Some of the letters were so hot I had to read 'them held at arms-length with a pair of fire tongs. The only suggestion I had made was that housewives should cease "flopping" on bed, couch, or armchair between each chore. The idea was that they should stay on their feet longer and get more work done, and take fewer but longer rest periods in between. THE CHORUS OF most of the letters rebuking me was: "It isn't true. We don't flop between tasks. We're'on our feet all day long." But are they? Two ladies who may be traitors to their sex agreed I was right. "Keeping house for two children plus *. husband requires a lot of flopping," wrote R Vnldosla, Ga, housewife. And an equally honest Brooklyn wife said: "You are so right. • My husband howled— the beast." The most interesting letter of dissent came, not from a wife, but from a husband—my old friend, Fuzzy Macaskill, a man who has invested S2 a day for years with the dual purpose of protecting his old age and keeping the horse- racing industry on a firm footing. "I suggest you take over at home lor a couple of days and really get the right slant on .. this housework problem, like I am now." wrote Fuzzy. He became Maestro of brush and broom .•ii'ter his blonde director came down with sciatica. HIS FIRST DAY he washed nine windows, answered the doorbell six times—once for a man who wanted to sell him n book called "How To Use Your Leisure Time." He made four trips to grocery and drug stores, let the dog in and' out eight times and had to stir the pup up h's own special breakfast of bran nnd raisin.'-. "I got up at 0:30 a. m., and fel! across the bed exhausted at 8:30 p. m.," wailed Fuz^y. "And tomorrow I have to iron the clothes I forgot to put out on the line today. "I am flopping all right, but it's not from lack of work—it's because of it. "Boy, will I be glnd when my wife is a bit to take over again—so glad I'll wash thi> dishes every night from now on without being a.sked." Okay, Fuzzy, I'll take your word for it. lAi-soclnted Prc-ssi "I UNDERSTAND little of the mysteries of economics," .says Pietro Nenni, Italy's left-wing 1 Socialist leader. In this he has much company..

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